CN104041281A - Coastal mud flat asparagus seedling cultivation and planting method - Google Patents

Coastal mud flat asparagus seedling cultivation and planting method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104041281A
CN104041281A CN201410284468.8A CN201410284468A CN104041281A CN 104041281 A CN104041281 A CN 104041281A CN 201410284468 A CN201410284468 A CN 201410284468A CN 104041281 A CN104041281 A CN 104041281A
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China
Prior art keywords
asparagus
planting
water
seedlings
loss reducer
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Pending
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CN201410284468.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
冯伟民
陈罡
卢昱宇
管安琴
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Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Priority to CN201410284468.8A priority Critical patent/CN104041281A/en
Publication of CN104041281A publication Critical patent/CN104041281A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a coastal mud flat asparagus seedling cultivation and planting method. The method particularly comprises the steps of (a) germination acceleration, wherein from February to April that year, asparagus seeds are soaked in warm water and then taken out, germination acceleration is carried out on the seeds for 5-7 days, and the seeds can be sown when the sprouts of 10%-20% of the seeds come out; (b) seedling cultivation in a feeding block, wherein the seeds subjected to germination acceleration are sown in the feeding block mixed with salt-tolerant water-retaining agents, and after the seedlings grow to be as high as 30-40 cm and 3-4 branches grow from each seedling, the seedlings can be planted; (c) rest-balk making and planting, wherein a flat field with the salinity-alkalinity lower than 0.7% is selected and is deeply ploughed for 30 cm, organic fertilizer is applied, rest-balks are made after rotary tillage, the width of each rest-balk is 80 cm, the height of each rest-balk is 30 cm, the intervals between the rest balks are 60 cm, each rest-balk includes one row, the depth of each cave is 15 cm, the plant row spacing is 25 cm, and 0.2 g of salt-tolerant water-retaining agents are evenly scattered in each cave; and (d) regular management on the planted asparagus. The coastal mud flat asparagus seedling cultivation and planting method can reduce stress on the seedlings from salt and alkali and improve the survival rate of the asparagus, rainwater can be repeatedly stored by the water-retaining agents to be used by plants, growth needs of the asparagus are guaranteed, and the problems that the root systems of the asparagus seedlings are weak, and the survival rate of the asparagus seedlings in a coastal mud flat is low are resolved.

Description

A kind of coastal beach asparagus is grown seedlings and field planting method
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural cultivation field, particularly a kind of coastal beach asparagus is grown seedlings and field planting method.
Background technology
353.8 ten thousand hectares of China's Marine shoal gross areas, annual approximately 30,000 hectares of the long areas of becoming silted up, are important standby land resources in addition, have area large, distribute concentrated, position condition is good, farming, animal husbandry and fishery comprehensive exploitation potentiality are large.Yet because the beach salinity of particularly newly enclosing and cultivating is very high, be not suitable for most plant growths, become " paradise " of mariculture, make country wish that the hope of reclaiming land from marshes is difficult to become a reality.
Beach after enclosing and cultivating is all saline land, is transformed into arable land, needs a large amount of fresh water just to can be used for plantation through rinsing for many years.General salt tolerance of crops is below 0.3% salinity, and conventional vegetables also can only could grow under lower than 0.3% condition in salinity.Asparagus is perennial crop, and growth year can reach more than ten years, and its cultivation early growth is slow, and later stage root system is very flourishing, and the degree of depth can reach nearly 3m, and salt tolerant is drought-enduring, and salt resistance ability can reach 0.6%, for middle salinity plot produces asparagus, provides a kind of possibility.
Coastal beach saline-alkali plot, particularly many new plot usually lack fresh water irrigation conditions, asparagus seedlings root a little less than, after field planting, under saline and alkaline and arid dual soil environment of coercing, be difficult for surviving, therefore, how by technological means, improving survival rate after asparagus field planting is ability problem demanding prompt solution always.
Summary of the invention
The object of invention is: the middle salinity soil of irrigating without fresh water in coastal beach for asparagus is difficult for the situation of survival, adopt nutritive cube matrix and planting pit to place salt resistance water-loss reducer, asparagus moisture supply after field planting is provided, reduce Saline Alkali Stress harm, improve the survival rate of asparagus cultivation, and promote asparagus root system and plant healthy growth, for the good quality and high output of asparagus later lays the foundation.
The present invention is achieved in that a kind of coastal beach asparagus grows seedlings and field planting method, comprises vernalization and feeding block seedlings raising, beach field planting.It is characterized in that, specifically comprise the following steps:
A) vernalization, then the 2-4 month, the asparagus seeds that Selection of Salt-Tolerant ability is strong soaks 48h in 25 ℃ of-30 ℃ of warm water, pulls out, and vernalization 5-7d at 28 ℃ of-30 ℃ of temperature can sow after the seed of 10%-20% shows money or valuables one carries unintentionally;
B) feeding block seedlings raising, is sown into the seed after vernalization in the nutritive cube that is mixed with salt tolerant water-loss reducer, and 1/alms bowl, keep that in nutritive cube, Nutrition Soil is in keeping semi-wet state, after sowing 80d, it is high that seedling grows to 30-40cm, grows and when 3-4 props up branch, get final product field planting;
C) do furrow field planting, select smooth, saline and alkaline lower than 0.7% plot, deep ploughing 30cm, applying organic manure, does furrow after rotary tillage, the wide 80cm of furrow, the high 30cm of furrow, furrow are apart from 60cm, every furrow 1 row, the dark 15cm in cave, field planting spacing in the rows 25cm, every cave sprinkles evenly 1g salt tolerant water-loss reducer;
D) after field planting, asparagus is carried out to Routine Management;
Organic fertilizer in step c of the present invention, refers to and executes decomposed manure 7000kg/667m 2or execute organic commercial fertilizer 1500kg/667m 2with 15:15:15 nitrogen phosphorus potassium Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium 100kg/667m 2.
In the present invention, described salt tolerant water-loss reducer refers to Starch with Acrylic Acid type water-loss reducer or starch scion grafting acrylic amide water-loss reducer.
Described in the present invention, coastal beach saline-alkali degree is lower than 0.7%.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is to place salt-resistant type water-loss reducer in nutritive cube He in planting pit, water-loss reducer suctions enough moisture can guarantee certain moisture supply after Seeding planting, reduce saline and alkaline coercing seedling, improve asparagus survival rate, simultaneously the inside and outside water-loss reducer of Nutrition Soil can repeated multiple times storage rainwater for plant, guarantee asparagus growth needs, solved asparagus seedlings root fragile, in the low problem of coastal beach saline-alkali ground survival rate; The present invention plants other vegetables to Low-salinity saline land simultaneously also reference value, can improve the survival rate of vegetable permanent planting, promotes vegetable growth.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the asparagus growing way picture that the present embodiment method is cultivated.
Fig. 2 is the asparagus growing way picture of cultivating with conventional method.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the invention will be further described:
Embodiment 1
2013 in Jiangsu large Feng Jinhai farm; Plot salinity: 0.5-0.7%, is divided into experimental group and control group, holds control experiment the same period, and kind is Glan moral.Wherein: experimental group is held according to following steps:
A) vernalization, 2-4 month then, select the improved seeds F1 generation Hybrid that salt resistance ability is strong, output is high, integrated quality good, resistance against diseases is strong, the asparagus seeds of selecting in the present embodiment is Glan moral, seed is soaked to 48h in 25 ℃ of-30 ℃ of warm water, pull out, vernalization 5-7d at 28 ℃ of-30 ℃ of temperature can sow after the seed of 10%-20% shows money or valuables one carries unintentionally;
B) feeding block seedlings raising, seed after vernalization is sown in the nutritive cube that is mixed with salt tolerant water-loss reducer, the present embodiment is selected 10 * 10 nutritive cubes, 1/alms bowl, sowing depth 2cm, earthing, waters permeable, the described nutritive cube that is mixed with water-loss reducer refers to: rural area soil and decomposed manure are configured to after Nutrition Soil by 4:1, then by Nutrition Soil and salt tolerant water-loss reducer in mass ratio 1000:1 mix; Seedling stage, canopy room environmental temperature was controlled at 25 ℃-30 ℃, observe nutritive cube moisture, in maintenance nutritive cube, Nutrition Soil is in keeping semi-wet state, observe growth of seedling situation, after 7d, emerge, the growth of seedling later stage can be supplemented some nutrient solutions, after sowing 80d, it is high that seedling grows to 30-40cm, grows and when 3-4 props up branch, get final product field planting;
C) do furrow field planting, select smooth, saline and alkaline lower than 0.7% plot, deep ploughing 30cm, the beach content of organic matter is low, enriches decomposed manure 7000kg/667m 2after rotary tillage, do furrow, the wide 80cm of furrow, the high 30cm of furrow, furrow are apart from 60cm, every furrow 1 row, the dark 15cm in cave, field planting spacing in the rows 25cm, bottom, every cave sprinkles evenly 1g salt tolerant water-loss reducer;
The salt tolerant water-loss reducer adopting in experimental group is Starch with Acrylic Acid type water-loss reducer (while specifically implementing, also can adopt starch scion grafting acrylic amide water-loss reducer);
In the present embodiment, also enriched organic commercial fertilizer 1500kg/667m 2with 15:15:15 nitrogen phosphorus potassium Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium 100kg/667m 2.
The difference of control group and experimental group is only: when asparagus is grown seedlings with field planting, do not put salt-resistant type water-loss reducer in nutritive cube and planting pit.
The field planting time of experimental group and control group is on May 26th, 2013, after field planting, asparagus is carried out to Routine Management method all with reference to < < south green asparagus open country high-yield culture technique > > (Tan Liangping etc., Ningbo agricultural science and technology, the 3rd phase in 2011) method in.
July in 2013 real scene shooting experimental group on the 10th photo as Fig. 1, the photo of control group is as Fig. 2, as seen from the figure, the asparagus growing way of being planted by the present embodiment method is healthy and strong, and is difficult for surviving in saline land with the asparagus of conventional method plantation.

Claims (3)

1. coastal beach asparagus is grown seedlings and a field planting method, comprises vernalization and feeding block seedlings raising, it is characterized in that, specifically comprises the following steps:
Vernalization, the asparagus seeds that 2-4 month Selection of Salt-Tolerant ability is strong then soaks 48h in 25 ℃ of-30 ℃ of warm water, pulls out, and vernalization 5-7d at 28 ℃ of-30 ℃ of temperature can sow after the seed of 10%-20% shows money or valuables one carries unintentionally;
Feeding block seedlings raising, is sown into the seed after vernalization in the nutritive cube that is mixed with salt tolerant water-loss reducer, and 1/alms bowl, keep that in nutritive cube, Nutrition Soil is in keeping semi-wet state, after sowing 80d, it is high that seedling grows to 30-40cm, grows and when 3-4 props up branch, get final product field planting;
Do furrow field planting, select smooth, saline and alkaline lower than 0.7% plot, deep ploughing 30cm, applying organic manure, does furrow after rotary tillage, the wide 80cm of furrow, the high 30cm of furrow, furrow are apart from 60cm, every furrow 1 row, the dark 15cm in cave, field planting spacing in the rows 25cm, every cave sprinkles evenly 0.2g salt tolerant water-loss reducer;
After field planting, asparagus is carried out to Routine Management;
The described nutritive cube that is mixed with water-loss reducer refers to: rural area soil and decomposed manure are configured to after Nutrition Soil by 4:1, then by Nutrition Soil and salt tolerant water-loss reducer in mass ratio 1000:1 mix.
2. a kind of coastal beach asparagus is grown seedlings and field planting method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that organic fertilizer in step c refers to and executes decomposed manure 7000kg/667m 2or execute organic commercial fertilizer 1500kg/667m 2with 15:15:15 nitrogen phosphorus potassium Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium 100kg/667m 2.
3. according to a kind of coastal beach asparagus described in claim 1 or 2, grow seedlings and field planting method, it is characterized in that, described salt tolerant water-loss reducer refers to Starch with Acrylic Acid type water-loss reducer or starch scion grafting acrylic amide water-loss reducer.
CN201410284468.8A 2014-06-24 2014-06-24 Coastal mud flat asparagus seedling cultivation and planting method Pending CN104041281A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104472059A (en) * 2014-12-26 2015-04-01 江西省农业科学院 Salt tolerance identification method for asparagus officinalis L.
CN104604813A (en) * 2015-02-04 2015-05-13 付道坤 Method for breeding golden cicada in asparagus field
CN106538267A (en) * 2015-09-23 2017-03-29 东莞市圣茵环境科技有限公司 A kind of water conservation basin soil structure and preparation method thereof and water retention cultivating method
CN110999735A (en) * 2019-11-15 2020-04-14 张建斌 Method for cultivating asparagus in moderately severe saline-alkali soil by avoiding salt at rhizosphere

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
HU198593B (en) * 1987-09-03 1989-11-28 Meriklon Kutatasi Fejlesztesi Method for tissue-culture propagating asparagus (asparagus officinalis)
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CN101366337A (en) * 2007-08-13 2009-02-18 上海泽辉蔬菜有限公司 Cultivation and grow method of high-quality asparagus
CN101595800A (en) * 2009-04-30 2009-12-09 孔赟荣 The cultivation method of UC157 common F 1 variety American asparagus
CN103858646A (en) * 2014-03-21 2014-06-18 河北省农林科学院经济作物研究所 Method for cultivating asparagus in seashore saline land

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
HU198593B (en) * 1987-09-03 1989-11-28 Meriklon Kutatasi Fejlesztesi Method for tissue-culture propagating asparagus (asparagus officinalis)
JPH0322931A (en) * 1989-06-19 1991-01-31 Mitsui Petrochem Ind Ltd Formation and proliferation of crown of plant of genus asparagus and proliferation of seedling
CN101366337A (en) * 2007-08-13 2009-02-18 上海泽辉蔬菜有限公司 Cultivation and grow method of high-quality asparagus
CN101595800A (en) * 2009-04-30 2009-12-09 孔赟荣 The cultivation method of UC157 common F 1 variety American asparagus
CN103858646A (en) * 2014-03-21 2014-06-18 河北省农林科学院经济作物研究所 Method for cultivating asparagus in seashore saline land

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104472059A (en) * 2014-12-26 2015-04-01 江西省农业科学院 Salt tolerance identification method for asparagus officinalis L.
CN104604813A (en) * 2015-02-04 2015-05-13 付道坤 Method for breeding golden cicada in asparagus field
CN106538267A (en) * 2015-09-23 2017-03-29 东莞市圣茵环境科技有限公司 A kind of water conservation basin soil structure and preparation method thereof and water retention cultivating method
CN110999735A (en) * 2019-11-15 2020-04-14 张建斌 Method for cultivating asparagus in moderately severe saline-alkali soil by avoiding salt at rhizosphere

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Application publication date: 20140917