CN104038256A - NFC (Near Field Communication) transmission method based on biometric feature recognition - Google Patents

NFC (Near Field Communication) transmission method based on biometric feature recognition Download PDF

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CN104038256A
CN104038256A CN201410232862.7A CN201410232862A CN104038256A CN 104038256 A CN104038256 A CN 104038256A CN 201410232862 A CN201410232862 A CN 201410232862A CN 104038256 A CN104038256 A CN 104038256A
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nfc
module
user
nfc module
terminal
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CN201410232862.7A
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朱晓荣
陈双
李伟
杨海峰
王勇
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南京邮电大学
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Priority to CN201410232862.7A priority Critical patent/CN104038256A/en
Publication of CN104038256A publication Critical patent/CN104038256A/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to an NFC (Near Field Communication) transmission method based on biometric feature recognition. A fingerprint recognition sensor is integrated into a mobile terminal, and is functionally combined with an NFC module and a Bluetooth module. The method comprises the following steps: acquiring the fingerprint information of a user by using the fingerprint recognition sensor; deciding whether the NFC module is permitted to be started or not according to the authentication result of the fingerprint recognition sensor; if an NFC function is permitted to be started according to authentication, further judging a system task; if an NFC payment activity is performed, fully handing over a task for exchanging payment information to the NFC module for finishing by a system; if the system performs data exchange activities such as tag reading/writing, starting the NFC module, rapidly activating a Bluetooth module by using the NFC module, establishing a Bluetooth transmission link, and handing over a data transmission task to the Bluetooth module for processing. By adopting the NFC transmission method, the security of payment activities and data exchange is ensured, meanwhile links are established among terminals, and the data transmission speed is increased.

Description

一种基于生物特征识别的NFC传输方法 NFC one kind of transmission method based on biometrics

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种基于生物特征识别的NFC传输方法,属于移动通信技术领域。 [0001] The present invention relates to a method for NFC transmission based on biometrics, belonging to the technical field of mobile communications.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 信息技术的快速发展和移动终端的不断更新,越来越多的移动终端配备了NFC (近场通信)模块和Bluetooth (蓝牙)模块。 [0002] constantly updated information technology and the rapid development of mobile terminals, an increasing number of mobile terminals equipped with NFC (near field communication) module and Bluetooth (Bluetooth) module. NFC是一种短距离高频的无线电技术,运行在13.56MHz频率上,工作距离约为4cm,可以快速在两个移动终端间建立链接,但其传输数据较慢,传输距离较近,带来通信安全性的同时也导致了其在数据交换方面的不足;蓝牙也是一种短距离通信的无线电技术,运行在2.4Ghz ISM上,工作距离为10m,数据传输能力较强,但其建立链接步骤繁琐,所需时间长,很不方便。 NFC is a short-range radio frequency technique, runs on 13.56MHz frequency, the working distance of about 4cm, can quickly establish a link between the two mobile terminals, but the slow data transmission, short distance transmission, bringing at the same time the security of communication has also led to its shortcomings in terms of data exchange; Bluetooth is a short-range radio communication technology, runs on a 2.4Ghz ISM, working distance of 10m, data transfer ability, but the steps to link tedious, long time required, very convenient. 现已有技术可以利用NFC模块来快速激活蓝牙模块,将两者的优点结合起来,快速建立一个数据传输能力强的链接,为用户提供更好的体验。 There is now technology can be used to quickly activate the NFC module Bluetooth module to combine the advantages of both, to quickly establish a strong link data transmission capabilities, to provide users with a better experience. 然而,这种结合仍存在以下两个问题: However, this combination there are still two of the following questions:

[0003] 1、没有规避NFC在安全性方面的一个漏洞,即当移动终端中NFC功能打开时,终端将不停搜索附近的NFC标签或其他兼容终端,一旦搜索到NFC标签或其他兼容终端便会主动读取其里面的数据。 [0003] 1, not to circumvent the NFC in terms of a security vulnerability, that is, when the NFC mobile terminal is turned on, the terminal will not stop searching near an NFC tag or other compatible terminal, once the search to the NFC tag or other compatible terminals will it will take the initiative to read the data inside. 用户在这一过程中并不具有完全自主控制权,这会给用户带来很多不确定因素。 The user does not have full independent control over the process, this will bring a lot of uncertainties users. 如若标签中写入的是恶意程序,则移动终端读取该程序后,程序可能会攻击移动终端,盗取用户信息,导致用户信息泄露甚至造成经济损失; Should the label written after the malicious program, the mobile terminal reads the program, the program may attack the mobile terminal, steal user information, resulting in disclosure of user information even cause economic loss;

[0004] 2、当我们用NFC来处理支付业务时,用户仍需要手动账号和密码,操作繁琐,浪费时间且不安全。 [0004] 2, when we used to deal with NFC payment services, users still need to manually account number and password, complicated operation, a waste of time and unsafe. 若单纯用移动终端简单记住账号和密码,这手机一旦被恶意程序入侵或是丢失,将会给用户带来巨大风险。 If a simple simple to remember account and password with a mobile terminal, this phone once or loss of malicious code, it will bring great risk to the user.

[0005] 因此,本发明提出为移动终端添加一个指纹识别传感器模块,以尽量避免恶意程序对移动终端的攻击,同时简化用户移动支付时的操作步骤,提高移动终端的安全性和用户体验。 [0005] Accordingly, the present invention proposes a mobile terminal to add a fingerprint recognition sensor module, in order to avoid malicious programs of the mobile terminal, while simplifying the operation procedure when the user moves the payment, the user experience and improve the safety of the mobile terminal.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0006] 本发明提出了一种基于生物特征识别的NFC传输方法。 [0006] The present invention proposes a method for transmitting NFC-based biometrics.

[0007] 在终端终端A包括指纹识别传感器1、NFC模块I和蓝牙模块I,终端终端B包括NFC模块2,终端终端C包括NFC模块3和蓝牙模块4的基础上: [0007] A terminal comprising a terminal fingerprint recognition sensor. 1, the NFC module and a Bluetooth module I I, the terminal 2 includes a terminal B, terminal C, terminal 4 based NFC module includes an NFC module and a Bluetooth module 3:

[0008] 所述的蓝牙模块用来快速进行数据交换; [0008] Bluetooth module for the rapid exchange of data;

[0009] 所述的指纹信息识别传感器模块用来对用户指纹进行鉴权和管理; [0009] The fingerprint sensor module identification information used to manage the user authentication and fingerprint;

[0010] 所述的NFC软件负责调控移动终端的业务种类,协调各个模块之间的功能,使人机交互更方便; [0010] The software responsible for regulating the NFC traffic category of the mobile terminal, the coordination of functionality between the various modules, makes it easier machine interaction;

[0011] 所述的与NFC兼容的数据交换终端包括NFC标签、电子海报、其他NFC移动终端、非接触智能卡等; [0011] compatible with the NFC data exchange terminal includes an NFC tag, an electronic poster, the other NFC mobile terminals, contactless smart cards;

[0012] 所述的NFC移动支付终端是指支持NFC功能的POS机或其他支持NFC移动支付的终端;[0013] 所述的移动终端与NFC数据交换终端进行近场通信; [0012] NFC mobile payment terminal according refers to an NFC-enabled POS machine or other NFC-enabled mobile payment terminal; [0013] the mobile terminal and the NFC Data Exchange near field communication terminal;

[0014] 所述的NFC兼容的数据交换终端与NFC移动支付终端进行信道连接,可以是无线信道或是有线信道; [0014] The NFC compatible data exchange of the payment terminal channel terminal connected to the mobile NFC, may be a wireless channel or a wired channel;

[0015] 包括以下步骤: [0015] comprising the steps of:

[0016] 步骤1:移动终端A中的指纹识别传感器I采集用户的指纹信息进行接入鉴权和管理控制; [0016] Step 1: The mobile terminal A fingerprint recognition sensor I acquired fingerprint information for the user authentication and access control management;

[0017] 步骤2:根据指纹识别传感器模块I鉴权结果决定该用户是否有权限开启NFC模块I ; [0017] Step 2: The fingerprint recognition sensor module I authentication result to decide whether the user has permission to open the NFC module I;

[0018] 步骤3:若用户无权限打开NFC模块1,则该用户无法进入下一步,移动终端A提醒用户指纹识别未通过; [0018] Step 3: If the user does not have permission to open the NFC module 1, the user can not enter the next step, the mobile terminal A does not alert the user by fingerprint;

[0019] 步骤4:若用户有权限打开NFC模块1,则由用户选择系统是否进行支付活动; [0019] Step 4: If the user has permission to open the NFC module 1, by the user to select whether the payment system activities;

[0020] 步骤5:若用户选择进行的是支付任务,移动终端A将把支付信息处理完全交给NFC模块I完成,移动终端A开启NFC模块1,并使其与终端B中的NFC模块2建立安全链接,传递支付信息,完成整个支付过程后释放; [0020] Step 5: If the user selects payment for the task, the mobile information processing terminal A will pay entirely to the NFC module I is completed, the mobile terminal A NFC module 1 is turned on, and the terminal B is reacted with the NFC module 2 establish a secure link to transmit payment information to complete the entire payment process after release;

[0021] 步骤6:若用户选择进行普通数据交换任务如标签读/写,文件传输活动等,则移动终端A先激活NFC模块I,并使其与终端C中的NFC模块3建立快速链接,相互传递蓝牙地址以快速完成移动终端A中蓝牙模块I与终端C中蓝牙模块3的传输链路的建立,进行数据的快速传输; [0021] Step 6: If the user selects normal data exchange for tasks such as tag reader / writer, file transfer activities, the mobile terminal activates the NFC module A to I, and reacted with the terminal C in the quick links established NFC module 3, mutual transmission Bluetooth address to quickly complete the establishment of a Bluetooth module 3, a transmission link in a mobile terminal a and the terminal C I a Bluetooth module, a fast data transmission;

[0022] 步骤7:任务完成后,用户退出程序,移动终端A中的NFC模块I和蓝牙模块I关闭。 [0022] Step 7: After the task is completed, the user exits the program, the mobile terminal A in the NFC module and Bluetooth module I I closed.

[0023] 与现有技术相比,该发明的优点有: [0023] Compared with the prior art, the advantages of the invention are:

[0024] 1、增加了用户对移动终端读取NFC标签及其兼容终端的可控制性,大大降低了移动终端受恶意程序攻击的可能性,使我们的移动终端更安全; [0024] 1, increases the user to read NFC tags on compatible mobile terminal and the terminal can be controlled, greatly reducing the possibility of a mobile terminal by malicious programs, so our mobile terminal more secure;

[0025] 2、可以快速建立蓝牙连接,使移动终端间的信息交换更快捷; [0025] 2, can quickly establish a Bluetooth connection, that the exchange of information between the mobile terminals more efficient;

[0026] 3、用指纹识别来代替支付过程中的密码输入,相较之前的密码输入,它操 [0026] 3, with the fingerprint instead of a password input payment procedure, compared to the previous password, which operations

[0027] 作方便而且更安全,用户体验也更好。 [0027] as convenient and more secure, and better user experience.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0028] 图1为该发明进行基于NFC的支付活动的原理图。 [0028] FIG. 1 is the schematic diagram of the invention for payment based on the NFC activity.

[0029] 图2为该发明进行基于NFC的数据交换的原理图。 [0029] FIG. 2 is the schematic diagram of the invention be based on NFC data exchange.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0030] 下面结合说明书附图对本发明作进一步地详细说明。 [0030] the following description in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of the present invention will be described in further detail.

[0031] 该发明进行基于NFC的支付活动的原理图如图1所示。 [0031] The invention is based on the principle of payment of the NFC activity shown in Figure 1. 其步骤为: The steps are as follows:

[0032] 步骤1:移动终端A中的指纹识别传感器I采集用户的指纹信息进行接入鉴权和管理控制; [0032] Step 1: The mobile terminal A fingerprint recognition sensor I acquired fingerprint information for the user authentication and access control management;

[0033] 步骤2:根据指纹识别传感器模块I鉴权结果决定该用户是否有权限开启NFC模块I ; [0033] Step 2: The fingerprint recognition sensor module I authentication result to decide whether the user has permission to open the NFC module I;

[0034] 步骤3:若用户无权限打开NFC模块1,则该用户无法进入下一步,移动终端A提醒用户指纹识别未通过; [0034] Step 3: If the user does not have permission to open the NFC module 1, the user can not enter the next step, the mobile terminal A does not alert the user by fingerprint;

[0035] 步骤4:若用户有权限打开NFC模块1,则由用户选择系统是否进行支付活动; [0035] Step 4: If the user has permission to open the NFC module 1, by the user to select whether the payment system activities;

[0036] 步骤5:若用户选择进行的是支付任务,移动终端A将把支付信息处理完全交给NFC模块I完成,移动终端A开启NFC模块1,并使其与终端B中的NFC模块2建立安全链接,传递支付信息,完成整个支付过程后释放; [0036] Step 5: If the user selects payment for the task, the mobile information processing terminal A will pay entirely to the NFC module I is completed, the mobile terminal A NFC module 1 is turned on, and the terminal B is reacted with the NFC module 2 establish a secure link to transmit payment information to complete the entire payment process after release;

[0037] 步骤6:任务完成后,用户退出程序,移动终端A中的NFC模块I和蓝牙模块I关闭。 [0037] Step 6: After the task is completed, the user exits the program, the mobile terminal A in the NFC module and Bluetooth module I I closed.

[0038] 该发明进行基于NFC的数据交换的原理图如图2所示。 [0038] The invention is based on the principle of NFC data exchange is shown in Figure 2. 其步骤为: The steps are as follows:

[0039] 步骤1:移动终端A中的指纹识别传感器I采集用户的指纹信息进行接入鉴权和管理控制; [0039] Step 1: The mobile terminal A fingerprint recognition sensor I acquired fingerprint information for the user authentication and access control management;

[0040] 步骤2:根据指纹识别传感器模块I鉴权结果决定该用户是否有权限开启NFC模块I ; [0040] Step 2: The fingerprint recognition sensor module I authentication result to decide whether the user has permission to open the NFC module I;

[0041] 步骤3:若用户无权限打开NFC模块1,则该用户无法进入下一步,移动终端A提醒用户指纹识别未通过; [0041] Step 3: If the user does not have permission to open the NFC module 1, the user can not enter the next step, the mobile terminal A does not alert the user by fingerprint;

[0042] 步骤4:若用户有权限打开NFC模块1,则由用户选择系统是否进行支付活动; [0042] Step 4: If the user has permission to open the NFC module 1, by the user to select whether the payment system activities;

[0043] 步骤5:若用户选择进行普通数据交换任务如标签读/写,文件传输活动等,则移动终端A先激活NFC模块I,并使其与终端C中的NFC模块3建立快速链接,相互传递蓝牙地址以快速完成移动终端A中蓝牙模块I与终端C中蓝牙模块3的传输链路的建立,进行数据的快速传输; [0043] Step 5: If the user selects normal data exchange for tasks such as tag reader / writer, file transfer activities, the mobile terminal activates the NFC module A to I, and reacted with the terminal C in the quick links established NFC module 3, mutual transmission Bluetooth address to quickly complete the establishment of a Bluetooth module 3, a transmission link in a mobile terminal a and the terminal C I a Bluetooth module, a fast data transmission;

[0044] 步骤6:任务完成后,用户退出程序,移动终端A中的NFC模块I和蓝牙模块I关闭。 [0044] Step 6: After the task is completed, the user exits the program, the mobile terminal A in the NFC module and Bluetooth module I I closed.

Claims (1)

1.一种基于生物特征识别的NFC传输方法,即在移动终端A包括指纹识别传感器模块UNFC模块I和蓝牙模块I,终端B包括NFC模块2,终端C包括NFC模块3和蓝牙模块3的基础上,包括以下步骤: 步骤1:移动终端A中的指纹识别传感器I采集用户的指纹信息进行接入鉴权和管理控制; 步骤2:根据指纹识别传感器模块I鉴权结果决定该用户是否有权限开启NFC模块I ; 步骤3:若用户无权限打开NFC模块I,则该用户无法进入下一步,移动终端A提醒用户指纹识别未通过; 步骤4:若用户有权限打开NFC模块1,则由用户选择系统是否进行支付活动; 步骤5:若用户选择进行的是支付任务,移动终端A将把支付信息处理完全交给NFC模块I完成,移动终端A开启NFC模块I,并使其与终端B中的NFC模块2建立安全链接,传递支付信息,完成整个支付过程后释放; 步骤6:若用户选择进行普通数据交换任务如 An NFC transmission method based on biometrics, i.e., the mobile terminal A includes a fingerprint identification module I UNFC sensor module and a Bluetooth module I, the terminal includes an NFC module B 2, the terminal C includes a base 3 and the Bluetooth module NFC module 3 , including the following steps: step 1: the mobile terminal a fingerprint recognition sensor I acquired fingerprint of a user and access authentication information management control; step 2: determined in accordance with the fingerprint recognition sensor module I authentication result whether the user has permission open NFC module I; step 3: If the user does not have permission to open the NFC module I, the user can not enter the next step, the mobile terminal A does not alert the user by fingerprint identification; step 4: If the user has permission to open an NFC module, by the user whether payment selection system activities; step 5: if the user selects payment for the task, the mobile information processing terminal a will pay entirely to the NFC module I is completed, the mobile terminal a to enable the NFC module I, and reacted with the terminal B, 2 of the NFC module to establish a secure link, the payment information is transmitted, to complete the payment process release; step 6: If the user selects normal data exchange for tasks such as 签读/写,文件传输活动等,则移动终端A先激活NFC模块I,并使其与终端C中的NFC模块3建立快速链接,相互传递蓝牙地址以快速完成移动终端A中蓝牙模块I与终端C中蓝牙模块3的传输链路的建立,进行数据的快速传输; 步骤7:任务完成后,用户退出程序,移动终端A中的NFC模块I和蓝牙模块I关闭。 Sign read / write, file transfer activities, the mobile terminal A to activate the NFC module I, and it quickly established links with the terminal C of the NFC module 3, passing each other in order to quickly complete the Bluetooth address of the mobile terminal A and Bluetooth module I establishing a Bluetooth module in the terminal C of the transmission link 3, for fast data transfer; step 7: after the task is completed, the user exits the program, the mobile terminal a in the NFC module and Bluetooth module I I closed.
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