CN104034237B - Engine valve conical surface gauge cubing - Google Patents

Engine valve conical surface gauge cubing Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104034237B
CN104034237B CN201410260272.5A CN201410260272A CN104034237B CN 104034237 B CN104034237 B CN 104034237B CN 201410260272 A CN201410260272 A CN 201410260272A CN 104034237 B CN104034237 B CN 104034237B
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valve
base
slide block
sleeve
gauge
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CN201410260272.5A
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CN104034237A (en
Inventor
王冶芳
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Jiangsu Xin Yue Auto Parts And Components Co Ltd
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Jiangsu Xin Yue Auto Parts And Components Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of engine valve conical surface gauge cubing, including base and the valve stem footpath positioner, valve-face positioner, valve retainer end-face positioning apparatus and the gauge stand support that are arranged on base, valve retainer end-face positioning apparatus includes base slide block, spring shaft, sleeve, ball head and location dish, and base slide block is provided with horizontal through hole and by regulation screw and base Joint;Spring shaft cross base slider throughbores by pad, the spacing regulation of nut and with base slide block Joint, contact with the gauge head on gauge stand support on the right side of spring shaft, spring shaft left end is socketed with sleeve, and the spring shaft between sleeve and base slide block is provided with spring;In the axle head of ball head is arranged on sleeve and by regulation screw and sleeve Joint, the bulb of ball head embeds in the bulb cover at the dish back side, location, and location dish card contacts with valve retainer end face.Detecting valve-face thickness, accuracy of detection and detection efficiency are high, testing cost is low, and the suitability is strong.

Description

Engine valve conical surface gauge cubing
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of detection instrument, especially with regard to a kind of engine valve cubing.
Background technology
Electromotor is the power set of diesel locomotive, and it is moved up and down in the cylinder by valve, forces the valve disc of valve carry out closely connected with valve seat and open, thus realizes inputting fuel in electromotor and discharging the function of waste gas.Therefore valve plays considerable effect as vitals, reliability and durability when ensureing diesel engine work.The shape and size of valve in addition to ensureing the resistance minimum of gas flowing, its when closed requirement can under any circumstance ensure the air-tightness of combustor.The working condition of valve is very severe, and when diesel engine operates, valve bears the highest thermic load and impact mechanical load and exhaust gas corrosion.If the therefore underproof valve of Selection parameter index, it will directly result in valve initial failure.Thus the processing form and position tolerance parameter of valve is proposed very strict requirement, additionally, owing to the process-cycle of valve long manufacturing cost is high, as can not be effectively detected, repair and control the form and position tolerance of valve at processing site, manufacturing cost will certainly be increased and delay product is paid.Existing engine valve cubing generally comprises location, valve stem footpath, valve-face location, valve retainer end-face positioning apparatus and instrumentation, and positioner is accurate, guarantee accuracy of detection;Convenient regulation, guarantee detection efficiency.China Intellectual Property Office discloses the cubing of (CN202339170U) a kind of engine air valve rod excircle dimension, including base and the dial framework that is installed on base, equipped with instrument and gauge head on dial framework, described dial framework is fixed on base by regulation screw, U-type groove locating piece it is additionally provided with on described base, described U-type groove locating piece is provided with guide-track groove, the guide-track groove of described U-type groove locating piece is built with V-block, and described V-block is provided with valve radially positioning regulator and air valve shaft to positioning regulator.China Intellectual Property Office discloses (CN202074915U) a kind of high precision testing device of engine valve disk terminal conical face height, this cubing includes column, sleeve, transverse axis, base plate and dial gauge composition, described base plate is while being fixed with column, column is fixedly installed at the upper part with transverse axis, transverse axis front end is fixedly mounted with dial gauge, the revoliving arm that can rotate around column is installed under transverse axis, revoliving arm is upper and lower is respectively equipped with clamping sleeve and support set, it is fixed on column, revoliving arm front end is fixed with sleeve, loads valve to be measured in sleeve.Owing to above sleeve, diameter of bore must be identical with valve gauge diameter to be measured, accuracy of detection is affected with sleeve fitness by valve to be measured, and accuracy of detection is the highest;When detecting different dish portions valve, needing to change the sleeve matched from different dish portions valve to be measured, detection efficiency is low, testing cost is high.
Summary of the invention
For the problems referred to above, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of engine valve conical surface gauge cubing, use and compare measurement direct-reading methods, can detect valve-face thickness, accuracy of detection and detection efficiency is high, testing cost is low, the suitability is strong.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solution:
Engine valve conical surface gauge cubing, including base and the valve stem footpath positioner, valve-face positioner, valve retainer end-face positioning apparatus and the gauge stand support that are arranged on base, equipped with the instrument with gauge head on gauge stand support, described valve retainer end-face positioning apparatus includes that base slide block, spring shaft, sleeve, ball head and location dish, described base slide block are provided with horizontal through hole and by regulation screw and base Joint;Spring shaft cross base slider throughbores by pad, the spacing regulation of nut and with base slide block Joint, contact with the gauge head on gauge stand support on the right side of spring shaft, spring shaft left end is socketed with sleeve, and the spring shaft between sleeve and base slide block is provided with spring;In the axle head of ball head is arranged on sleeve and by regulation screw and sleeve Joint, the bulb of ball head embeds in the bulb cover at the dish back side, location, and the inner chamber of bulb cover matches with the bulb of ball head, and location dish card contacts with valve retainer end face.
Described valve-face positioner includes the conical surface supporting block being arranged on base, the side of described conical surface supporting block is provided with guide-track groove, slide block is installed in guide-track groove, connect on slide block and have valve valve line locating piece, valve valve line locating piece is fixed on slide block by regulation screw, and described slide block and valve valve line locating piece are symmetrical arranged relative to valve axis two two;Slide block is provided with threaded adjusting bore, is coordinated the fixing slide block position in guide-track groove of adjustment by the adjustment seat being fixedly installed on conical surface supporting block with threaded adjusting bore from regulating screw.
Valve valve line locating piece is wearing piece, due to valve valve line locating piece during detection much the most easy to wear with valve contacts, fixing by slide block regulation in conical surface supporting block guide-track groove, thus regulate the position of valve valve line locating piece, for the location of valve-face;Valve valve line locating piece is fixed on slide block by regulation screw, with ventilation door valve line locating piece is efficient and convenient, it is to avoid because of valve valve line locating piece effect of attrition accuracy of detection.
Described valve stem footpath positioner includes the regulation screw that v block and both sides are fixed for v block and regulated, the lower section of v block is provided with ferrum of stopping, the upper surface of ferrum stopped is horizontal plane, lower surface is inclined-plane, and described Tie Tong of stopping overregulates screw and is arranged on the base inclined-plane matched with ferrum lower surface of stopping;Tie Tong of stopping overregulates screw and laterally retreats on base inclined-plane, and in order to regulate the level height being arranged on ferrum upper surface v block of stopping, the regulation screw being arranged on v block both sides is fixed for v block and radial-axial regulation, i.e. for the location in valve stem footpath.
Described gauge stand support is fixed on base by regulation screw, and instrument is fixed on gauge stand support by regulation screw;By regulating, screw is longitudinally adjustable to be fixed on base gauge stand support, and instrument can lateral adjustments be fixed on gauge stand support by regulation screw, convenient and swift.
It is additionally provided with in described location dish card and can contact with valve retainer end face along the dish end positioning needle of card radiai adjustment, dish end positioning needle.
The present invention compared with prior art has the advantages that
1, the spring shaft of the present invention crosses base slider throughbores, and spring shaft left end is socketed with sleeve, and the spring shaft between sleeve and base slide block is provided with spring, by the size of the dial end bearing power of nut and pad, it is ensured that supporting role.
2, in the axle head of the ball head of the present invention is arranged on sleeve and by regulation screw and sleeve Joint, the bulb of ball head embeds in the bulb cover at the dish back side, location, after location dish card contacts with valve retainer end face, the bulb cover at the dish back side, location and ball head ball contact, at this moment it is in elastic bearing state during location dish rear support valve retainer end face, beating of dish end face can be effectively avoided, it is to avoid interference of beating when supporting valve retainer end face.
3, valve valve line locating piece is wearing piece, due to valve valve line locating piece during detection much the most easy to wear with valve contacts, it is fixed for the location of valve-face by slide block regulation in conical surface supporting block guide-track groove, valve valve line locating piece is fixed on slide block by regulation screw, with ventilation door valve line locating piece is efficient and convenient, it is to avoid because of valve valve line locating piece effect of attrition accuracy of detection.
4, Tie Tong of stopping overregulates screw and laterally retreats on base inclined-plane, and in order to regulate the level height being arranged on ferrum upper surface v block of stopping, the regulation screw being arranged on v block both sides is fixed for v block and radial-axial regulation;By regulating, screw is longitudinally adjustable to be fixed on base gauge stand support, and instrument can lateral adjustments be fixed on gauge stand support by regulation screw, convenient and swift.
5, the present invention uses and compares measurement direct-reading methods, can detect valve-face thickness, and the suitability is strong, can detect different dish portions valve.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1.
Sequence number in figure: 1, base, 2, gauge stand support, 3, gauge head, 4, instrument, 5, base slide block, 6, spring shaft, 7, sleeve, 8, ball head, 9, location dish, 10, pad, 11, nut, 12, spring, 13, bulb cover, 14, dish end positioning needle, 15, conical surface supporting block, 16, slide block, 17, valve valve line locating piece, 18, adjustment seat, 19, v block, 20, ferrum of stopping.
Detailed description of the invention
With embodiment, the present invention is described in detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
See Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, a kind of engine valve conical surface gauge cubing, including base 1 and the valve stem footpath positioner that is arranged on base 1, valve-face positioner, valve retainer end-face positioning apparatus and gauge stand support 2, equipped with the instrument 4 with gauge head 3 on gauge stand support 2, described valve retainer end-face positioning apparatus includes base slide block 5, spring shaft 6, sleeve 7, ball head 8 and location dish 9, on the right side of base 1, there is U-rail top has U-shaped groove in bottom, equipped with base slide block 5 above track, regulation screw it is provided with below groove, location and the regulation of right position for base 1 and base slide block 5, base slide block 5 is arranged over horizontal through hole;Spring shaft 6 crosses base slider throughbores, right side by nut 11, pad 10, nut 11 carry out spacing regulation and with base slide block 5 Joint, spring shaft 6 right-hand end contacts with the gauge head 3 on gauge stand support 2, spring shaft 6 left end is socketed with sleeve 7, and the spring shaft 6 between sleeve 7 and base slide block 5 is provided with spring 12;In the axle head of ball head 8 is arranged on sleeve 7 and by regulation screw and sleeve 7 Joint, the bulb of ball head 8 embeds in the bulb cover 13 at dish 9 back side, location, the inner chamber of bulb cover 13 matches with the bulb of ball head 8, the position of location dish 9 is adjusted by the bulb of ball head 8, being provided with in location dish 9 card can be along the dish end positioning needle 14 of card radiai adjustment, dish end positioning needle 14 contacts with valve retainer end face, for the location of valve retainer end face;
Described valve-face positioner includes the conical surface supporting block 15 being arranged on base 1, the side of described conical surface supporting block 15 is provided with guide-track groove, slide block 16 is installed in guide-track groove, connect on slide block 16 and have valve valve line locating piece 17, valve valve line locating piece 17 is fixed on slide block 16 by regulation screw, and described slide block 16 and valve valve line locating piece 17 are symmetrical arranged relative to valve axis two two;Slide block 16 is provided with threaded adjusting bore, is coordinated adjustment to fix slide block 16 position guide-track groove in from regulation screw with threaded adjusting bore by the adjustment seat 18 being fixedly installed on conical surface supporting block 15;Valve valve line locating piece is wearing piece, due to valve valve line locating piece during detection much the most easy to wear with valve contacts, fixing by slide block regulation in conical surface supporting block guide-track groove, thus regulate the position of valve valve line locating piece 17, location for valve-face, valve valve line locating piece is fixed on slide block by regulation screw, with ventilation door valve line locating piece is efficient and convenient, it is to avoid because of valve valve line locating piece effect of attrition accuracy of detection;
Described valve stem footpath positioner includes the regulation screw that v block 19 and both sides are fixing for v block 19 and regulate, the lower section of v block 19 is provided with ferrum 20 of stopping, the upper surface of ferrum 20 stopped is horizontal plane, lower surface is inclined-plane, and described ferrum 20 of stopping is arranged on base 1 inclined-plane matched with ferrum 20 lower surface of stopping by regulation screw;Ferrum 20 of stopping laterally is retreated on base 1 inclined-plane by regulation screw, in order to regulate the level height being arranged on ferrum 20 upper surface v block 19 of stopping, the regulation screw being arranged on v block 19 both sides is fixed for v block 19 and radial-axial regulation, i.e. for the location in valve stem footpath;
Described gauge stand support 2 is fixed on base 1 by regulation screw, and instrument 4 is fixed on gauge stand support 2 by regulation screw;By regulating, screw is longitudinally adjustable to be fixed on base 1 gauge stand support 2, and instrument 4 can lateral adjustments be fixed on gauge stand support 2 by regulation screw, convenient and swift.
The working procedure of the present invention: ferrum 20 of stopping is installed on base 1 inclined-plane, v block 19 is loaded onto with regulation screw after fixing, the most the regulation screw of v block 19 both sides is not tightened, it is easy to adjustment below, conical surface supporting block 15 is loaded onto on the right side of ferrum 20 of stopping, it is connected with base 1 by ferrum 20 of stopping by regulation screw, adjustment seat 18 is loaded onto outside conical surface supporting block 15, the built-in top shoe of guide-track groove 16 at conical surface supporting block 15, slide block 16 is loaded onto valve valve line locating piece 17, installing regulation screw, each regulation screw does not tighten;Base slide block 5 is installed on the U-rail of base 1, fixed by regulation screw but do not tighten, spring shaft 6 is installed in the through hole of base slide block 5, spring 12 is installed in the left side of spring shaft 6, sleeve 7, ball head 8 and location dish 9, spring shaft 6 is positioned on the right side of the through hole of base slide block 5 by nut 11, pad 10 and nut 11 lock, instrument 4 is loaded onto after being installed gauge stand support 2 by regulation screw on the right side of base 1, regulation screw is not tightened, standard specimen is positioned on v block 19, regulation valve stem footpath positioner, valve-face positioner, valve retainer end-face positioning apparatus and gauge stand support 2;First adjust valve valve line locating piece 17 and be in symmetric position, tighten after being placed at the conical surface valve line of valve exemplar and regulate screw everywhere;Adjust valve retainer end-face positioning apparatus again, tighten up spring 12 and make the dish end positioning needle 14 on location dish 9 very close to each other with the dish portion of valve standard specimen, and clench after having certain pressure and regulate screw everywhere;Finally adjusting instrument 4 i.e. dial gauge, and carry out reading, when dial gauge reading is setting value, after tight each relevant regulation screw, re-start reading, adjusting dial gauge reading is setting value, when reading keeps consistent, so that it may carry out valve-face Thickness sensitivity.
Embodiment is only to facilitate understand technical scheme; it is not intended that limiting the scope of the invention; every without departing from any simple modification, equivalent variations and the modification perhaps according to the technical spirit of the present invention, above scheme made in technical solution of the present invention, within all still falling within scope.

Claims (4)

1. engine valve conical surface gauge cubing, (1) and it is arranged on valve stem footpath positioner, valve-face positioner, valve retainer end-face positioning apparatus and gauge stand support that (1) base go up (2) including base, (2) gauge stand support is gone up equipped with gauge head instrument (3) (4), described valve retainer end-face positioning apparatus include base slide block (5), spring shaft (6), sleeve (7), ball head (8) with location dish (9), (5) described base slide block is provided with horizontal through hole and by regulation screw and base (1) Joint;Spring shaft (6) cross base slider throughbores by pad (10), the most spacing regulation of nut and with base slide block (5) Joint, (3) the spring shaft gauge head that (6) (2) right side goes up with gauge stand support contacts, (7) spring shaft (6) left end is socketed with sleeve, sleeve (7) and base slide block (5) between spring shaft be (6) provided with spring (12);Ball head axle head (8) be arranged on sleeve (7) in and by regulation screw and sleeve (7) Joint, ball head bulb (8) embed the bulb cover at the dish (9) back side, location (13) in, bulb cover inner chamber (13) matches with ball head bulb (8), dish (9) card in location contacts with valve retainer end face, it is characterized in that: (15) described valve-face positioner includes being arranged on conical surface supporting block that (1) base go up, the side of described conical surface supporting block is provided with guide-track groove, slide block is installed (16) in guide-track groove, (17) (16) slide block goes up connection has valve valve line locating piece, (17) valve valve line locating piece is fixed on slide block by regulation screw and (16) goes up, (17) (16) described slide block be symmetrical arranged relative to valve axis two two with valve valve line locating piece;(16) slide block is provided with threaded adjusting bore, and (18) the adjustment seat (15) gone up by being fixedly installed on conical surface supporting block is coordinated adjustment to fix the slide block (16) position in guide-track groove from regulation screw with threaded adjusting bore.
Engine valve conical surface gauge cubing the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described valve stem footpath positioner includes that v block (19) and (19) fix and the regulation screw of regulation for v block by both sides, (20) v block lower section (19) is provided with stops ferrum, ferrum upper surface (20) of stopping is horizontal plane, lower surface is inclined-plane, and (20) described ferrum of stopping be arranged on the base (1) inclined-plane matched with ferrum (20) lower surface of stopping by regulation screw.
Engine valve conical surface gauge cubing the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: (2) described gauge stand support is fixed on base by regulation screw and (1) goes up, and (4) instrument is fixed on gauge stand support by regulation screw and (2) goes up.
4. according to the engine valve conical surface gauge cubing described in claim 1,2 or 3, it is characterised in that: being additionally provided with in described location dish (9) card can along the dish end positioning needle of card radiai adjustment (14), and (14) dish end positioning needle contacts with valve retainer end face.
CN201410260272.5A 2014-06-13 2014-06-13 Engine valve conical surface gauge cubing Active CN104034237B (en)

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CN104034237B true CN104034237B (en) 2016-08-03

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108981527B (en) * 2018-05-31 2020-06-30 长江师范学院 Method for detecting precision of excircle and end face of valve plate

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CN203869628U (en) * 2014-06-13 2014-10-08 江苏鑫悦汽车零部件有限公司 Engine valve cone thickness size gauge

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JP4278590B2 (en) * 2004-08-31 2009-06-17 株式会社日立製作所 Variable valve operating device for internal combustion engine
JP2009174488A (en) * 2008-01-28 2009-08-06 Ntn Corp Lash adjuster

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201329535Y (en) * 2008-12-31 2009-10-21 彭广信 Valve grinder
CN203869628U (en) * 2014-06-13 2014-10-08 江苏鑫悦汽车零部件有限公司 Engine valve cone thickness size gauge

Non-Patent Citations (1)

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Title
《一种新型气门盘锥面高度检具》;丁剑;《 金属加工(冷加工) 》;20071231(第12期);第61-62页,具体为第61页右栏第1段,第62页左栏所有段落,右栏第1、3-4段及图1-3 *

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