CN104032644A - Road rainwater percolation device and manufacturing method for road rainwater percolation device - Google Patents

Road rainwater percolation device and manufacturing method for road rainwater percolation device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104032644A
CN104032644A CN201410288765.XA CN201410288765A CN104032644A CN 104032644 A CN104032644 A CN 104032644A CN 201410288765 A CN201410288765 A CN 201410288765A CN 104032644 A CN104032644 A CN 104032644A
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China
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road
grid
interior
hole
pod apertures
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CN201410288765.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104032644B (en
Inventor
罗刚
郭永聪
彭世瑾
王莉芸
彭佳冰
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深圳市建筑科学研究院股份有限公司
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A10/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE at coastal zones; at river basins
    • Y02A10/30Flood prevention; Flood or storm water management, e.g. using flood barriers

Abstract

The invention discloses a road rainwater percolation device. The road rainwater percolation device comprises a road, and further comprises a particle water passing channel, a water penetration pipe, and a filtering layer covering the outer side of the water penetration pipe, wherein contact positions of parts of the lower surface of the filtering layer and the particle water passing channel are separated by sheet-shaped filtering materials; the road is further provided with a flow guide hole; the water outlet end of the flow guide hole is communicated with the particle water passing channel; the filtering layer is located at the lower part of a green belt. The road rainwater percolation device can realize that road rainwater is percolated back in time and city rainfall flood diseases are reduced. The invention further discloses a manufacturing method for the road rainwater percolation device.

Description

The manufacture method of road rain water percolating device and road rain water percolating device
Technical field
The present invention relates to road drainage system technical field, particularly a kind of road rain water percolating device.The invention still further relates to a kind of manufacture method of road rain water percolating device.
Background technology
Along with the continuous progress of human civilization, Urbanization Construction makes city increasing to the area coverage in soil.Traditional road is mainly processed by concrete and/or pitch etc., and walkway is generally laid and formed by pavior brick, and road and walkway or greenbelt separate by curb.When for fear of rainy season, rainfall is excessive, the soil layer in the rain drop erosion greenbelt on road, separates by curb between road both sides and greenbelt or walkway, concrete, and the height of curb is higher than the height of road.For the rainwater on road is discharged in time, road is provided with municipal inlet for stom water, and the rainwater of the municipal inlet for stom water of process is disposed to river course by underground pipeline.
Obviously, rainwater on road is just concentrated discharge after municipal inlet for stom water, is difficult to make the rainwater on road to permeate the ground in time, and the construction of urban road has increased the burden of Urban Rainwater Pipe Networks and river course draining, if rainwater can not be discharged in time, will cause city to produce rain disaster.
Therefore, how realizing road rain water and bleed back in time, reduce Urban Storm Flood disaster, is those skilled in the art's technical problems urgently to be resolved hurrily.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of road rain water percolating device, this road rain water percolating device can be realized road rain water and bleed back in time, reduces Urban Storm Flood disaster.Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of manufacture method of road rain water percolating device.
For achieving the above object, the invention provides a kind of road rain water percolating device, comprise road, also comprise that particle crosses aquaporin, water-permeable pipe and cover the filtration beds in described water-permeable pipe outside, soffit part and the described particle of described filtration beds are crossed aquaporin contact position by sheet filtering material interval, on described road, offer pod apertures, described pod apertures and described particle are crossed aquaporin and are connected, and described filtration beds is positioned at greenbelt or walkway bottom.
Preferably, the side of described filtration beds and the laminating of the side of curb, the length direction of described filtration beds extends along the length direction of described road.
Preferably, also comprise the stormwater overflow device being arranged in described pod apertures cavity, described stormwater overflow device comprises stormwater overflow pipe and the sand deposition hopper being connected with the described stormwater overflow seal of tube, described stormwater overflow pipe is positioned at the sand trap cavity of described sand deposition hopper, the water inlet of described stormwater overflow pipe is higher than the bottom of described sand deposition hopper, the water inlet of described stormwater overflow pipe is lower than described pavement of road, and described stormwater overflow pipe is communicated with described pod apertures cavity.
Preferably, the top of described sand deposition hopper be provided with can with the extension pawl of described pavement of road butt, described extension pawl is a plurality of, a plurality of described extension pawls are uniformly distributed along the top periphery of described sand deposition hopper.
Preferably, also comprise the siphon cap of the water inlet that is arranged on described stormwater overflow pipe, the upper surface of described siphon cap flushes lower than described pavement of road or with described pavement of road.
Preferably, also comprise interior flase floor and be located at described interior flase floor outside and can be along the outer flase floor sliding perpendicular to curb length direction, the top of described interior flase floor is provided with hole on interior grid, on described interior grid, hole is communicated with described pod apertures, the top of described outer flase floor is provided with hole on outer grid, when slide perpendicular to curb length direction in described outer grid upper plate edge, in its sliding stroke, there is being communicated with position and can covering the position of staggering in hole on described interior grid of hole and hole on described interior grid on described outer grid, the upper surface of described outer flase floor is lower than curb upper surface.
Preferably, the side opening of described interior flase floor is provided with interior grid side opening, described interior grid side opening is communicated with described pod apertures, the side opening of described outer flase floor is provided with outer grid side opening, has the position of staggering that is communicated with position and can covers described interior grid side opening with described interior grid side opening in the stroke sliding perpendicular to described curb length direction in described outer grid side opening edge.
A manufacture method for road rain water percolating device, comprises step:
1) at the greenbelt near road or walkway bottom, excavate for placing the cell body of road rain water percolating device;
2) on described road, boring forms pod apertures;
3) the local hole body that excavates downwards in the corresponding described pod apertures of described cell body position, and will under curb, empty, until described cell body and described pod apertures connect, form water stream channel, the size of hole body is so that draw out water stream channel by curb position and be as the criterion;
4) water stream channel between described cell body and described pod apertures is filled infiltration particle, forms particle and crosses aquaporin, and described particle is crossed aquaporin and flushed with the height of described cell body link position and the bottom of described cell body;
5) in described cell body, place water-permeable pipe;
6) on described water-permeable pipe, lay filtration beds, when the bottom of described water-permeable pipe is provided with particle and crosses aquaporin, described particle is crossed between aquaporin and described filtration beds and is equipped with sheet filtering material;
7) above described filtration beds, lay planting soil or pavior brick.
Preferably, after step 7, also comprise:
At described pod apertures inner chamber, stormwater overflow device is installed, described stormwater overflow device comprises stormwater overflow pipe and the sand deposition hopper being connected with the described stormwater overflow seal of tube, described stormwater overflow pipe is positioned at the middle part of described sand deposition hopper, described stormwater overflow pipe communicates with described pod apertures, and the water inlet of described stormwater overflow pipe is higher than the bottom of described sand deposition hopper, and jointly enclose formation sand trap cavity with sand deposition hopper, water inlet at described stormwater overflow pipe is installed siphon cap, and described siphon cap flushes lower than described pavement of road or with described pavement of road.
Preferably, after step 7, also comprise:
Flase floor in installing above described pod apertures, in the outside mask of described interior flase floor, establish outer flase floor, on described interior flase floor top and sidepiece, offer respectively hole and interior grid side opening on interior grid, on described outer flase floor top and sidepiece, offer respectively hole and outer grid side opening on outer grid, on described interior grid side opening and described interior grid, described in Kong Junyu, pod apertures communicates, described outer grid upper plate is along in the stroke sliding perpendicular to described curb length direction, on described outer grid, hole has and being communicated with position and can covering the position of staggering in hole on described interior grid of hole on described interior grid, described outer grid side opening has the position of staggering that is communicated with position and can covers described interior grid side opening with described interior grid side opening.
In technique scheme, road rain water percolating device provided by the invention comprises that road, particle cross aquaporin, water-permeable pipe and cover the filtration beds in water-permeable pipe outside, soffit part and the particle of filtration beds are crossed aquaporin contact position by sheet filtering material interval, on road, offer pod apertures, the water side of pod apertures and particle are crossed aquaporin and are connected, and filtration beds is positioned at greenbelt bottom or walkway bottom.In the rainy day, when rainwater produces runoff on road, rainwater trickling enters pod apertures, rainwater on road surface flows into after pod apertures, part rainwater is crossed aquaporin to underground infiltration by particle, part enters water-permeable pipe inside through the tube wall of water-permeable pipe, the rainwater that enters water-permeable pipe flows in water-permeable pipe, rainwater is in water-permeable pipe in mobile process, constantly rain through the tube wall of water-permeable pipe and filtration beds slowly to underground infiltration, flow to water-permeable pipe position not yet moving in the afterflow of water-permeable pipe relaying through the rainwater of water-permeable pipe, and apart from particle, crossing aquaporin at a distance through the tube wall of water-permeable pipe, and to subsurface wastewater infiltration system.
Known by foregoing description, in road rain water percolating device provided by the invention, the rainwater entering in pod apertures finally all can permeate the ground, wherein sub-fraction rainwater directly permeates the ground near particle is crossed aquaporin, most of rainwater is distributed in water-permeable pipe path around again to underground infiltration through water-permeable pipe, realize the rainwater on road in time to underground infiltration, alleviated the burden of Storm Sewer Network and river course draining simultaneously, reduced Urban Storm Flood disaster.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The installation site structural representation of the road rain water percolating device that Fig. 1 provides for the embodiment of the present invention;
The structural representation of a kind of road rain water percolating device that Fig. 2 provides for the embodiment of the present invention;
The structural representation of the road rain water percolating device that Fig. 3 provides for the embodiment of the present invention under closure state;
The structural representation of the road rain water percolating device that Fig. 4 provides for the embodiment of the present invention under opening;
The structural representation of the another kind of road rain water percolating device that Fig. 5 provides for the embodiment of the present invention.
Wherein in Fig. 1-5: 1-water-permeable pipe, 2-filtration beds, 3-particle are crossed on the outer flase floor of aquaporin, 4-pod apertures, 5-stormwater overflow device, 6-siphon cap, 7-, the outer grid of 71-in hole, 8-in flase floor, 81-in grid side opening, 82-hole, the outer grid locating hole of 83-, 9-curb, 10-road, 11-greenbelt, 12-screed, 13-municipal administration inlet for stom water, the former soil layer of 14-, 15-expansion bolt on grid.
The specific embodiment
Core of the present invention is to provide a kind of road rain water percolating device, and this road rain water percolating device can be realized road rain water and bleed back in time, reduces Urban Storm Flood disaster.Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of manufacture method of road rain water percolating device.
In order to make those skilled in the art understand better technical scheme of the present invention, below in conjunction with drawings and embodiments, the present invention is described in further detail.
Please refer to Fig. 1 to Fig. 5, in a kind of specific embodiment, road rain water percolating device provided by the invention comprises that road 10, particle cross aquaporin 3, water-permeable pipe 1 and cover the filtration beds 2 in water-permeable pipe 1 outside, concrete, the sectional area that particle is crossed aquaporin 3 can be more than or equal to the sectional area of pod apertures 4, particle is crossed aquaporin 3 and can be laid and be formed by rubble, regeneration aggregate or brick and tile fragment, and filtration beds 2 can be laid and form for coarse sand or other thinner aggregates.Soffit part and the particle of filtration beds 2 are crossed aquaporin 3 contact positions by sheet filtering material interval; concrete; sheet filtering material can be nonwoven or straw screen or mat etc., reduces the conveyance power of water that particle is crossed aquaporin 3 in case the particle in filtration beds 2 or sandy soil etc. enter that particle is crossed aquaporin 3.On road 10, offer pod apertures 4, pod apertures 4 is crossed aquaporin 3 with particle and is connected, and filtration beds 2 is positioned at greenbelt 11 bottoms or walkway bottom.For the ease of staff, road rain water percolating device is set, the present invention is preferred, the particle that is positioned at greenbelt 11 or walkway below is crossed aquaporin 3 and filtration beds 2 near curb 9 positions, water-permeable pipe 1 specification is 50mm or 80mm or 100mm etc., certainly, the specification of water-permeable pipe 1 can be determined according to local rainfall situation, and water-permeable pipe 1 is specifically as follows flexible porous tube.For the ease of rainwater, enter in time pod apertures 4, pod apertures 4 is preferably arranged on the position that physical features is minimum, be that pod apertures 4 should be positioned at municipal inlet for stom water 13 sidepieces, concrete, pod apertures 4 can be for a plurality of, and pod apertures 4 is positioned at municipal inlet for stom water 13 both sides, certainly, pod apertures 4 can equidistantly distribute along road 10 length directions.Further, the not obvious height higher than municipal inlet for stom water 13 rain perforaled strainers of the water inlet of pod apertures 4, further realizes road 10 rainwater and imports fast underground.Pod apertures 4 is specifically as follows square hole, bellmouth or cylindrical hole etc., for the ease of staff, process pod apertures 4, the present invention is preferred, pod apertures 4 is cylindrical hole, according to local amount of precipitation, the diameter of pod apertures 4 can be 110mm or 160mm, and certainly, the diameter of pod apertures 4 is not limited to above-mentioned situation.Impurity on road 10 stops up pod apertures 4, in pod apertures 4 cavitys, can be filled with crushed stone.
In the rainy day, when rainwater produces runoff on road 10, rainwater trickling enters pod apertures 4, rainwater on road surface flows into after pod apertures 4, part rainwater crosses aquaporin 3 by particle and sandstone around infiltrate to underground (being former soil layer 14), part rainwater can enter water-permeable pipe 1 inside through the tube wall of water-permeable pipe 1, the rainwater that enters water-permeable pipe 1 flows in water-permeable pipe 1, constantly rain through the tube wall of water-permeable pipe 1 and filtration beds slowly to underground infiltration, flow to water-permeable pipe 1 certain position not yet moving in water-permeable pipe 1 relaying afterflow through the rainwater of water-permeable pipe 1, and apart from particle, crossing aquaporin 3 at a distance through the tube wall of water-permeable pipe 1, and to subsurface wastewater infiltration system, flowing to the rainwater that water-permeable pipe 1 end also do not penetrate tube wall can locate endways through tube wall and to subsurface wastewater infiltration system.
Known by foregoing description, in invention, provide in the road rain water percolating device that specific embodiment provides, the rainwater entering in pod apertures 4 is all crossed aquaporin 3 and is finally entered underground through particle.Entering underground rainwater has sub-fraction to cross aquaporin 3 exits at particle directly to permeate the ground, most of rainwater is transported to away from particle and is crossed the position of aquaporin 3 and continue to underground infiltration by water-permeable pipe 1, has realized the rainwater on road in time to underground infiltration.Road rain water percolating device provided by the invention can be manufactured in the situation that guaranteeing former greenbelt 11 not by excessive damage, with respect to the situation that need to remove greenbelt 11 and reconstruct the shallow careless ditch of vegetation, effectively reduced manufacturing cost and staff's labour intensity, and this road rain water percolating device can be arranged on the below of the walkway that there is no greenbelt, wherein rainwater percolating device arranges along curb inner side equally, then walkway pavior brick is recovered, improved the versatility of road rain water percolating device.When the filtration beds 2 in road rain water percolating device and particle are crossed aquaporin 3 and are positioned at greenbelt 11 below, the rainwater permeating the ground through road rain water percolating device can be supplied with greenbelt 11 plant water sources, conserved underground water source, avoid the artificial often situation to plant watering, reduced staff's labour intensity and greening cost.When amount of rainfall is larger, alleviated the burden of Storm Sewer Network and river course draining, reduced Urban Storm Flood disaster, can play the effect of flood storage.On the other hand, enter that rainwater in pod apertures 4 is crossed aquaporin 3 through particle and water-permeable pipe 1 permeates the ground, the rainwater entering in water-permeable pipe 1 need to pass through filtration beds 2, further realizes filtration, the purification of rainwater.Road rain water percolating device provided by the invention is used in the higher area of soil permeability coefficient, is convenient to rainwater and infiltrates in time former soil layer 14.
Preferably, the laminating of the side of the side of filtration beds 2 and curb 9, the length direction of filtration beds 2 extends along the length direction of road 10.Due to the side of filtration beds 2 and the laminating of the side of curb 9, the vegetation that has effectively avoided greenbelt 11 is the too much situation of pavior brick of destroyed or dismounting walkway (when there is no greenbelt) too much, the labour intensity that has further reduced staff, has reduced cost of production.Because the length direction of filtration beds 2 length direction along road 10 extends, be convenient to staff and lay water-permeable pipe 1, further improved dmp filter, purification function.For the ease of rainwater, flow into smoothly in pod apertures 4, between pod apertures 4 and municipal inlet for stom water, arrange and block water bank (not shown in FIG.).
Further, this road rain water percolating device also comprises stormwater overflow device 5, stormwater overflow device 5 is arranged on pod apertures 4 inner chambers, concrete, stormwater overflow device 5 comprises stormwater overflow pipe and sand deposition hopper, concrete, stormwater overflow pipe runs through sand deposition hopper, wherein, stormwater overflow pipe perisporium and sand deposition hopper are tightly connected, concrete, the lateral surface of sand deposition hopper can with the side butt of pod apertures 4, the inner chamber of sand deposition hopper and the outer wall of bleed off pipe enclose formation sand trap cavity jointly, the water inlet of stormwater overflow pipe is higher than the bottom of sand deposition hopper, the water inlet of stormwater overflow pipe is lower than road 10 road surfaces, the delivery port of stormwater overflow pipe is communicated with pod apertures 4 cavitys.For the ease of staff, process road rain water percolating device, the present invention is preferred, and stormwater overflow pipe and sand deposition hopper are integral type structure.By sand deposition hopper is set, while containing silt in pavement runoff rainwater, silt can precipitate in the sand trap cavity of sand deposition hopper.Through after a period of time, stormwater overflow device 5 can be taken out, the silt in sand deposition hopper is poured out, thereby extend particle, spend the application life of aquaporin 3, and further improved rainwater purification quality.
Concrete, the top of sand deposition hopper be provided with can with the extension pawl of road 10 road surface butts, in order to improve the installation stability of stormwater overflow device 5, the present invention is preferred, it is a plurality of hanging pawl, and a plurality of extension pawl is uniformly distributed along the top periphery of sand deposition hopper.By extension pawl is set, effectively avoided stormwater overflow device 5 compressed granulate that falls in pod apertures 4 to cross the situation of aquaporin 3, further extended the application life of road rain water percolating device, and be convenient to staff and take out stormwater overflow device 5.
Further, this road rain water percolating device also comprises siphon cap 6, and wherein siphon cap 6 is arranged on the water inlet of stormwater overflow pipe, and the upper surface of siphon cap 6 flushes lower than road 10 road surfaces or with road 10 road surfaces.By siphon cap 6 is set, increased the flow of stormwater overflow pipe and prevented stormwater overflow blockage, after precipitation, the less water of sand content can enter in stormwater overflow pipe through siphon cap 6, then enters particle and crosses in aquaporin 3 and water-permeable pipe 1, has improved the operating efficiency of road rain water percolating device.Because the upper surface of siphon cap 6 flushes lower than road 10 road surfaces or with road 10 road surfaces, avoid the situation of F. O. D siphon cap 6, effectively extended the application life of road rain water percolating device.
On the basis of above-mentioned each scheme, this road rain water percolating device also comprises interior flase floor 8 and outer flase floor 7, preferably the height of the upper surface of outer flase floor 7 is lower than the height of curb 9 upper surfaces, outer flase floor 7 can be along sliding perpendicular to curb 9 length directions, outer flase floor 7 can to away from near curb 9 directions, slide, concrete, interior flase floor 8 is located in pod apertures 4 and is fixed on road 10 road surfaces, outer flase floor 7 is located on interior flase floor 8, interior flase floor 8 tops offer hole 82 on interior grid, the top of outer flase floor 7 is provided with hole 71 on outer grid, on interior grid, hole 82 is communicated with pod apertures 4.Concrete, on interior grid, on hole 82 and outer grid, hole 71 can be strip hole, on interior grid on hole 82 and outer grid the width in hole 71 and pitch of holes all equates and interior grid on the width in hole 82 be less than 1/2nd of hole 81 center to center distance on adjacent interior grid.On outer grid, hole 71 is along moving perpendicular to curb 9 length directions, in its shift motion, have can with being communicated with position and can covering the position of staggering in hole 82 on interior grid of hole 82 on interior grid, wherein be communicated with hole 82 on interior grid and overlap with hole 71 on outer grid, on the interior grid in the position of staggering, hole 82 is covered by outer flase floor 7.For the ease of staff, interior flase floor 8 is installed, interior flase floor 8 can be fixed on road 10 by expansion bolt 15, space between interior flase floor 8 and curb 9 can be filled by screed 12, can and can avoid impurity to enter in the space between interior flase floor 8 and curb 9 for interception rainwater.As shown in Figure 3, when outer flase floor 7 is fastened on interior flase floor 8 and while moving to Far Left, the main body of outer flase floor 7 is just covered hole 82 on the interior grid on interior flase floor 8, now, on outer grid hole 71 in interior grid on the position of staggering, hole 82, even if the rainwater on road 10 did not have outer flase floor 7 can not enter hole 82 on interior grid.As shown in Figure 4, if by the move right center to center distance in hole 82 on 1/2nd interior grids of outer flase floor 7, on outer grid, 71, hole overlaps with hole 82 on interior grid, now on outer grid hole 71 in be communicated with position with hole 82 on interior grid, now, rainwater can enter hole 82 on interior grid.By interior flase floor 8 and outer flase floor 7 are set, be that pod apertures 4 is provided with and can closes rain grid made, during dry season, outer flase floor 7 is moved to Far Left, be about to outer flase floor 7 and be placed in the position of staggering, outer flase floor 7 main bodys are just covered hole 82 on all interior grid on interior flase floor 8, if now rain, rainwater can not flow into pod apertures 4, and can only flow to municipal inlet for stom water 13, is convenient to rainwater-collecting; During rainy season, by outer flase floor 7 1/2nd pitchs of holes that move right, on outer grid, 71, hole overlaps with hole 82 on interior grid, outer flase floor 7 is placed in and is communicated with position, the runoff rainwater that originally flows to municipal inlet for stom water 13 can be held back in diversed hole 4, cause greenbelt 11 or walkway below, then permeate the ground, realized the effect of rainwater flood storage.
Further, the sidepiece of interior flase floor 8 offers interior grid side opening 81, interior grid side opening 81 is communicated with pod apertures 4, the sidepiece of outer flase floor 7 offers outer grid side opening (not shown in FIG.), has the position of staggering that is communicated with position and can covers interior grid side opening 81 with interior grid side opening 81 in the outer grid side opening stroke that flase floor 7 slides outside.Concrete, for the ease of staff, process interior flase floor 8 and outer flase floor 7, the present invention is preferred, the width of interior grid side opening 81 and outer grid side opening and pitch of holes are all consistent with hole 82 on interior grid, when outer flase floor 7 is fastened on interior flase floor 8 and while moving to Far Left, just the interior grid side opening 81 on interior flase floor 8 being covered of outer flase floor 7 integral body, the rainwater on road 10 can not enter interior grid side opening 81.As shown in Figure 4, if by the move right center to center distance in hole 82 on 1/2nd interior grids of outer flase floor 7, outer grid side opening overlaps with interior grid side opening 81, and now, rainwater can enter interior grid side opening 81.Certainly, the side mounting limit part of flase floor 7 outside, on interior flase floor 8, relevant position arranges outer grid locating hole 83, one end of locating part is positioned at outer grid locating hole 83, by locating part and outer grid locating hole 83 are set, be convenient to staff and move outer flase floor 7, outer flase floor 7 is arranged on is communicated with position or the position of staggering rapidly and accurately.
The present invention also provides a kind of manufacture method of road rain water percolating device, comprises step:
1) at the greenbelt 11 near road 10 or walkway bottom, excavate for placing the cell body of accommodating road rain water percolating device.
The side of cell body can consist of a side of curb 9, and the degree of depth of cell body is lower than the height on road 10 road surfaces, and cell body can be rectangular channel or dovetail groove etc.
2) on road 10, boring forms pod apertures 4.
By loosing core, drill through pod apertures 4, wherein pod apertures 4 can be processed to bellmouth or cylindrical hole etc., for the ease of staff, processes pod apertures 4, and the preferred pod apertures 4 of the present invention is cylindrical hole.According to local amount of precipitation, the diameter of pod apertures 4 can be 110mm or 160mm, and pod apertures 4 can be for a plurality of, preferably in the two ends of municipal inlet for stom water 13 processing pod apertures 4.Certainly, pod apertures 4 can equidistantly distribute along road 10 length directions.For the ease of rainwater, flow into smoothly in pod apertures 4, between pod apertures and municipal inlet for stom water, arrange and block water bank (not shown in FIG.).Certainly, for fear of introduced contaminants, stop up pod apertures 4, the inner chamber of pod apertures 4 can be furnished with crushed stone.
3) at local excavation downwards hole, the corresponding pod apertures of cell body 4 positions body, and will under curb 9, empty, until cell body and pod apertures 4 connect, form water stream channel.The size of hole body is so that draw out water stream channel by curb 9 positions and be as the criterion.
4) water stream channel between cell body and pod apertures 4 is filled infiltration particle, forms particle and crosses aquaporin 3, and particle is crossed aquaporin 3 and flushed with the height of cell body link position and the bottom of cell body.
Concrete, the sectional area that particle is crossed aquaporin 3 is more than or equal to the sectional area of pod apertures 4, and the under-filled infiltration particle of pod apertures 4, forms the part that particle is crossed aquaporin 3, and particle is crossed aquaporin 3 and can be laid and be formed by rubble, regeneration aggregate or brick and tile fragment.
5) in cell body, place water-permeable pipe 1;
The length of water-permeable pipe 1 is identical with cell body length.It is 50mm or 80mm or 100mm etc. that water-permeable pipe 1 should adopt specification, and the specification of water-permeable pipe 1 can be determined according to local rainfall situation, and water-permeable pipe 1 is specifically as follows flexible porous tube.
6) on water-permeable pipe 1, lay filtration beds 2.
By filtration beds 2, water-permeable pipe 1 is covered, the thickness of filtration beds 2 is as the criterion can fully cover water-permeable pipe 2, and filtration beds 2 can be coarse sands layer or other thinner aggregate layer.For preventing that a large amount of coarse sands from falling into particle and crossing aquaporin 3 and affect the conveyance power of water that particle is crossed aquaporin 3, when the bottom of water-permeable pipe 1 is provided with particle and crosses aquaporin 3, particle is crossed and between aquaporin 3 and filtration beds 2, is equipped with sheet filtering material (not shown in FIG.), wherein, sheet filtering material can be nonwoven or straw screen or mat etc.
7) above filtration beds 2, lay planting soil or pavior brick.
By planting soil backfill or pavior brick return, recover original greenbelt or reply walkway function, improved the versatility of road rain water percolating device.
Manufacture method by above-mentioned road rain water percolating device can process and meet above-mentioned road rain water percolating device, has equally above-mentioned beneficial effect, and this road rain water percolating device can be realized road rain water and bleed back in time, reduces Urban Storm Flood disaster.
Further, after step 7, also comprise:
Stormwater overflow device 5 is installed in pod apertures 4, stormwater overflow device 5 comprises stormwater overflow pipe and the sand deposition hopper being connected with the stormwater overflow seal of tube, the stormwater overflow pipe of stormwater overflow device 5 communicates with pod apertures 4, and the water inlet of stormwater overflow pipe is higher than the bottom of sand deposition hopper, water inlet at stormwater overflow pipe is installed siphon cap 6, and siphon cap 6 flushes lower than road 10 road surfaces or with road 10 road surfaces.Concrete, in order to reduce costs, formula structure can be processed as one sand deposition hopper and stormwater overflow pipe.
Further, the top of sand deposition hopper can be provided with can with the extension pawl of road 10 road surface butts, in order to improve the installation stability of stormwater overflow device 5, the present invention is preferred, it is a plurality of hanging pawl, and a plurality of extension pawl is uniformly distributed along the top periphery of sand deposition hopper.By extension pawl is set, effectively solved the orientation problem of stormwater overflow device 5 in pod apertures 4.
Further, after step 7, also comprise:
Flase floor 8 in installing above pod apertures 4, in the outside mask of interior flase floor 8, establish outer flase floor 7, outer flase floor 7 can slide along the direction perpendicular to curb 9 length, outer flase floor 7 can to away from near curb 9 directions, slide, in other words, outer flase floor 7 can slide along road 10 widths.On interior flase floor 8 tops and sidepiece, offer respectively hole 82 and interior grid side opening 81 on interior grid, flase floor 7 tops and sidepiece are offered respectively hole 71 and outer grid side opening (not shown in FIG.) on outer grid outside, on interior grid side opening 81 and interior grid, hole 82 all communicates with pod apertures 4, on outer grid, hole 71 is along moving perpendicular to curb 9 length directions, in its shift motion, have can be communicated with hole 82 on interior grid position and with interior grid on the position of staggering, hole 82, wherein being communicated with hole 82 on the interior grid in position overlaps with hole 71 on outer grid, stagger position on grid hole 82 by outer flase floor 7, covered.Flase floor 8 in fixing for the ease of staff, interior flase floor 8 can be fixed on road 10 by expansion bolt 15, space between interior flase floor 8 and curb 9 can be filled by screed 12, and the rainwater that is beneficial to dam also can avoid impurity to enter in the space between interior flase floor 8 and curb 9.Preferably, on interior grid, on hole 82 and outer grid, hole 71 can be strip hole, on interior grid on hole 82 and outer grid the width in hole 71 and pitch of holes all equate and interior grid on the width in hole 82 be less than 1/2nd of hole 82 spacing on interior grid.Concrete, for the ease of processing interior flase floor 8 and outer flase floor 7, the present invention is preferred, the width of interior grid side opening 81 and outer grid side opening and pitch of holes are all consistent with hole 82 on interior grid, and interior grid side opening 81 overlaps along road 10 length direction width with hole 82 on interior grid, outer grid side opening overlaps along road 10 length direction width with hole 71 on outer grid.Certainly, the side of flase floor 7 arranges locating part outside, on interior flase floor 8, outer grid locating hole 83 is offered in relevant position, one end of locating part is positioned at outer grid locating hole 83, by locating part and outer grid locating hole 83 are set, are convenient to staff and rapidly and accurately outer flase floor 7 are arranged on to connection position or the position of staggering.
In this manual, each embodiment adopts the mode of going forward one by one to describe, and each embodiment stresses is the difference with other embodiment, between each embodiment identical similar part mutually referring to.
Above-mentioned explanation to the disclosed embodiments, makes professional and technical personnel in the field can realize or use the present invention.To the multiple modification of these embodiment, will be apparent for those skilled in the art, General Principle as defined herein can, in the situation that not departing from the spirit or scope of the present invention, realize in other embodiments.Therefore, the present invention will can not be restricted to these embodiment shown in this article, but will meet the widest scope consistent with principle disclosed herein and features of novelty.

Claims (10)

1. a road rain water percolating device, comprise road (10), it is characterized in that, also comprise that particle crosses aquaporin (3), water-permeable pipe (1) and cover the filtration beds (2) in described water-permeable pipe (1) outside, soffit part and the described particle of described filtration beds are crossed aquaporin (3) contact position by sheet filtering material interval, on described road (10), offer pod apertures (4), described pod apertures (4) is crossed aquaporin (3) with described particle and is connected, and described filtration beds (2) is positioned at greenbelt (11) or walkway bottom.
2. road rain water percolating device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the side laminating of the side of described filtration beds (2) and curb (9), the length direction of described filtration beds (2) extends along the length direction of described road (10).
3. road rain water percolating device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, also comprise the stormwater overflow device (5) being arranged in described pod apertures (4) cavity, described stormwater overflow device (5) comprises stormwater overflow pipe and the sand deposition hopper being connected with the described stormwater overflow seal of tube, described stormwater overflow pipe is positioned at described sand deposition hopper and described stormwater overflow circumference of cannon bone closes the sand trap cavity of formation, the water inlet of described stormwater overflow pipe is higher than the bottom of described sand deposition hopper, the water inlet of described stormwater overflow pipe is lower than described road (10) road surface, described stormwater overflow pipe is communicated with described pod apertures (4) cavity.
4. road rain water percolating device according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, the top of described sand deposition hopper be provided with can with the extension pawl of described road (10) road surface butt, described extension pawl is a plurality of, a plurality of described extension pawls are uniformly distributed along the top periphery of described sand deposition hopper.
5. road rain water percolating device according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, the siphon cap (6) that also comprises the water inlet that is arranged on described stormwater overflow pipe, the upper surface of described siphon cap (6) flushes lower than described road (10) road surface or with described road (10) road surface.
6. according to the road rain water percolating device described in any one in claim 1-5, it is characterized in that, also comprise interior flase floor (8) and be located at described interior flase floor (8) outside and can be along the outer flase floor (7) sliding perpendicular to curb (9) length direction, the top of described interior flase floor (8) is provided with hole on interior grid (82), on described interior grid, hole (82) are communicated with described pod apertures (4), the top of described outer flase floor (7) is provided with hole on outer grid (71), when slide perpendicular to curb (9) length direction in described outer grid upper plate (7) edge, in its sliding stroke, there is being communicated with position and can covering the position of staggering of hole (82) on described interior grid of hole (71) and hole (82) on described interior grid on described outer grid, the upper surface of described outer flase floor (7) is lower than curb (9) upper surface.
7. road rain water percolating device according to claim 6, it is characterized in that, the side opening of described interior flase floor (8) is provided with interior grid side opening (81), described interior grid side opening (81) is communicated with described pod apertures (4), the side opening of described outer flase floor (7) is provided with outer grid side opening, has the position of staggering that is communicated with position and can covers described interior grid side opening (81) with described interior grid side opening (81) in the stroke sliding perpendicular to described curb (9) length direction in described outer grid side opening edge.
8. a manufacture method for road rain water percolating device, is characterized in that, comprises step:
1) at the greenbelt (11) near road (10) or walkway bottom, excavate for placing the cell body of road rain water percolating device;
2) in the upper boring of described road (10), form pod apertures (4);
3) the local hole body that excavates downwards in the corresponding described pod apertures (4) of described cell body position, and will under curb (9), empty, until described cell body and described pod apertures (4) connect, form water stream channel, the size of hole body is so that draw out curb (9) position water stream channel and be as the criterion;
4) water stream channel between described cell body and described pod apertures (4) is filled infiltration particle, forms particle and crosses aquaporin (3), and described particle is crossed aquaporin (3) and flushed with the height of described cell body link position and the bottom of described cell body;
5) in described cell body, place water-permeable pipe (1);
6) at the upper filtration beds (2) of laying of described water-permeable pipe (1), when the bottom of described water-permeable pipe (1) is provided with particle and crosses aquaporin (3), described particle is crossed between aquaporin (3) and described filtration beds (2) and is equipped with sheet filtering material;
7) in described filtration beds (2) top, lay planting soil or pavior brick.
9. the manufacture method of road rain water percolating device according to claim 8, is characterized in that, after step 7, also comprises:
At described pod apertures (4) inner chamber, stormwater overflow device (5) is installed, described stormwater overflow device (5) comprises stormwater overflow pipe and the sand deposition hopper being connected with the described stormwater overflow seal of tube, described stormwater overflow pipe is positioned at the middle part of described sand deposition hopper, described stormwater overflow pipe communicates with described pod apertures (4), and the water inlet of described stormwater overflow pipe is higher than the bottom of described sand deposition hopper, and jointly enclose formation sand trap cavity with described sand deposition hopper, water inlet at described stormwater overflow pipe is installed siphon cap (6), described siphon cap (6) flushes lower than described road (10) road surface or with described road (10) road surface.
10. the manufacture method of road rain water percolating device according to claim 8 or claim 9, is characterized in that, after step 7, also comprises:
Flase floor (8) in install the top of described pod apertures (4), in the outside mask of described interior flase floor (8), establish outer flase floor (7), on described interior flase floor (8) top and sidepiece, offer respectively hole on interior grid (82) and interior grid side opening (81), on described outer flase floor (7) top and sidepiece, offer respectively hole on outer grid (71) and outer grid side opening, on described interior grid side opening (81) and described interior grid, hole (82) all communicates with described pod apertures (4), described outer grid upper plate (7) is along in the stroke sliding perpendicular to described curb (9) length direction, on described outer grid, hole (71) have and being communicated with position and can covering the position of staggering of hole (82) on described interior grid of hole (82) on described interior grid, described outer grid side opening has the position of staggering that is communicated with position and can covers described interior grid side opening (81) with described interior grid side opening (81).
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CN105672451A (en) * 2016-02-23 2016-06-15 南开大学 Method for laying percolation type rainwater drainage pipes in Sponge City Construction
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JP2006057308A (en) * 2004-08-19 2006-03-02 Ito Yogyo Co Ltd Shorter drain block and drainage structure of pavement making use thereof
JP2008255772A (en) * 2007-03-14 2008-10-23 Onga:Kk Water conveyance block
JP2010150924A (en) * 2010-04-05 2010-07-08 Daikure Co Ltd Road surface cooling road structure
CN203160147U (en) * 2012-10-31 2013-08-28 北京仁创科技集团有限公司 Rainwater collection and drainage system for road
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CN105239485A (en) * 2015-10-09 2016-01-13 中冶南方工程技术有限公司 Drainage curb stone and asphalt road with drainage structure
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