CN104031691A - Blast furnace gas dust removal system - Google Patents

Blast furnace gas dust removal system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104031691A
CN104031691A CN201410288596.XA CN201410288596A CN104031691A CN 104031691 A CN104031691 A CN 104031691A CN 201410288596 A CN201410288596 A CN 201410288596A CN 104031691 A CN104031691 A CN 104031691A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
dust removal
gas
air
chamber
blast
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410288596.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张建军
赵宏
戴斌
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Cecep Tianchen (beijing) Environmental Protection S & T Co Ltd
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Cecep Tianchen (beijing) Environmental Protection S & T Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410288596.XA priority Critical patent/CN104031691A/en
Publication of CN104031691A publication Critical patent/CN104031691A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a blast furnace gas dust removal system, belonging to the field of metallurgical furnace gas purification and dust removal. The blast furnace gas dust removal system aims to solve the problems of low dust removal efficiency, incapability of thoroughly avoiding gas explosion and the like in the existing dust removal mode. The dust removal system comprises a converter, a spray tower, a Venturi wet-process dust remover, a swirl dehydrator and a sintering board dust remover which are sequentially connected through a pipeline according to the gas flow sequence. Gas discharged from the converter enters the spray tower through the pipeline to be cooled, enters the Venturi wet-process dust remover to be subjected to rough dust removal, enters the swirl dehydrator to be dehydrated, and enters the sintering board dust remover to be subjected to fine dust removal and dehydration, and the finally obtained clean gas is classified according to needs and subjected to dispersed combustion or collected into a gasometer. By combining the rough dust removal of the Venturi wet-process dust remover and the fine dust removal and dehydration of the sintering board dust remover, the system greatly enhances the dust removal efficiency, and thoroughly solves the problem of potential safety hazard caused by gas explosion.

Description

Blast-furnace gas dedusting system
Technical field
The invention belongs to metallurgical furnace gas sweetening dedusting field, relate in particular to a kind of blast-furnace gas dedusting system.
Background technology
The iron and steel enterprise of China more and more focuses on the recycling of secondary energy, and wherein representative is the dedusting recovery of blast furnace gas, now progressively considers flue gas ash removal of converter and coal-gas recovering.Blast furnace gas, due to features such as CO content are relatively low, temperature is relatively low, initial dustiness is lower, is extensively taked at present dry-method bag-type fly-ash separator to filter and is collected.And flue gas of converter because CO content is relatively high, relatively high, the initial dust content of temperature is compared with high, fail to find dry dedusting technology safely and effectively always, generally adopt for many years multistage Venturi wet-process dedusting technology, but efficiency of dust collection is very low.National environmental protection department requires flue gas ash removal of converter to draw close to high precision dry dedusting technology, the dedusting technology that has minority enterprise to adopt single-stage literary composition wet method and static dry method to combine, but this dedusting technology is very high to working condition requirements such as flue gas oxygen content, temperature, humidity, cannot work long-term effectively or thoroughly avoid gas explosion, eliminating safe hidden trouble.
Summary of the invention
An object of the present invention is to propose a kind of efficiency of dust collection high, can thoroughly solve the blast-furnace gas dedusting system of the security hidden trouble causing due to gas explosion.
Another object of the present invention is to propose a kind of easily deashing, the electric blast furnace gas dust removal system of long service life.
For reaching this object, the present invention by the following technical solutions:
The invention provides a kind of blast-furnace gas dedusting system, comprise the converter, spray column, civilian wet cleaner, eddy flow dewatering unit and the sinter-plate precipitator that connect successively by pipeline according to flow of gas order.
Preferably, described sinter-plate precipitator comprises the ash bucket that is positioned at top and spaced dirt air chamber and air-purifying chamber and is positioned at bottom;
In described sinter-plate precipitator, be positioned at described dirt air chamber one side and be positioned at the space of described air-purifying chamber below, by the spreader plate being obliquely installed, this part is divided into inlet plenum and discharge chamber, described inlet plenum is connected with described dirt air chamber, and be connected with blast inlet, described discharge chamber is connected with described air-purifying chamber, and is connected with air outlet;
In described dirt air chamber, be provided with multiple sintered plates, described multiple sintered plate is arranged on card, described card is used for separating described dirt air chamber and described air-purifying chamber, is positioned on the described card of described air-purifying chamber and is provided with multiple Venturi meters that are connected with the filter core of described sintered plate.
Preferably, described sinter-plate precipitator also comprises soot cleaning system, described soot cleaning system comprises multiple gas bags and injection tube multiple and that described gas bag is connected, is provided with multiple and described Venturi meter position corresponding and be positioned at the nozzle of described Venturi meter top in described injection tube.
Preferably, the junction of described gas bag and described injection tube is provided with magnetic valve.
Preferably, the sidewall of described ash bucket is provided with filling pipe and blow-off pipe, and the height of described filling pipe is higher than the height of described blow-off pipe.
Preferably, the filter core of described sintered plate is wave vesicular structure.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
(1) a kind of blast-furnace gas dedusting system provided by the invention, comprises the converter, spray column, civilian wet cleaner, eddy flow dewatering unit and the sinter-plate precipitator that connect successively by pipeline according to flow of gas order.The coal gas that converter gives off first enters spray column through piping and cools, then enter civilian wet cleaner and carry out thick dedusting, entering afterwards eddy flow dewatering unit dewaters, enter sinter-plate precipitator again and carry out thin dedusting and dehydration, the clean gas finally obtaining is classified as required and is dispersed burning or collect that to enter gas chamber for subsequent use.By the dedusting method that adopts the thick dedusting of civilian wet cleaner and the thin dedusting of sinter-plate precipitator and dehydration to combine, make tail gas dustiness < 10mg ∕ m 3, efficiency of dust collection is high, has thoroughly solved the security hidden trouble causing due to gas explosion.
(2) introduce dry method sinter-plate precipitator through the pretreated coal gas of civilian wet cleaner, coal gas air-flow progressively disperses under the effect of spreader plate, the deceleration that progressively runs out of steam of grit in coal gas and water droplet, larger neutral grit and the downward sedimentation of heavier water droplet directly fall in ash bucket, fine grit enters dirt air chamber with coal gas air-flow rising and washes away filtering element sintered plate, so, has alleviated the burden of filtering element sintered plate, reduce equipment resistance, extended service life of equipment.
(3) sinter-plate precipitator also comprises soot cleaning system, compressed nitrogen in the gas bag of soot cleaning system enters dirt air chamber by injection tube and Venturi meter, the fine grit of sintered plate filtering layer in dirt air chamber and water droplet blowback are fallen in ash bucket, easily realize deashing, further extended service life of equipment.
(4) on ash bucket sidewall, be provided with filling pipe and blow-off pipe, fall into the neutral grit of ash bucket bottom and water that heavier water droplet is stored in ash bucket and introduce and absorb, discharge through blow-off pipe, finally realize the object of dedusting; In addition, the height of filling pipe is higher than the height of blow-off pipe, when the water level in ash bucket is during lower than set(ting)value, carries out moisturizing by filling pipe, to ensure the resistance to air loss of ash bucket bottom, avoids outside air to enter the quality that reduces coal gas.
(5) in sinter-plate precipitator, the filter core of sintered plate is wave vesicular structure, and it is long-pending that it has larger cartridge surface, processes dirt tolerance and greatly improves, filtration velocity obviously reduces, filtration crushing reduces, and can catch and separate submicron grit, and filtration efficiency is up to 99.99%.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the blast-furnace gas dedusting system that provides of the embodiment of the present invention one;
Fig. 2 is the front view of the sinter-plate precipitator that provides of the embodiment of the present invention one;
Fig. 3 is the side-view of the sinter-plate precipitator that provides of the embodiment of the present invention one.
In figure, 1, converter; 2, spray column; 3, civilian wet cleaner; 4, eddy flow dewatering unit; 5, sinter-plate precipitator; 51, dirt air chamber; 511, sintered plate; 512, card; 52, air-purifying chamber; 521, Venturi meter; 53, ash bucket; 531, filling pipe; 532, blow-off pipe; 54, inlet plenum; 541, blast inlet; 55, discharge chamber; 551, air outlet; 56, gas bag; 57, injection tube; 571, nozzle; 58, magnetic valve; 59, spreader plate; 6, gas chamber; 7, poppetvalve.
Embodiment
Further illustrate technical scheme of the present invention below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and by embodiment.
Preferred embodiment one:
The present embodiment provides a kind of blast-furnace gas dedusting system, as shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, this blast-furnace gas dedusting system comprises the converter 1, spray column 2, civilian wet cleaner 3, eddy flow dewatering unit 4 and the sinter-plate precipitator 5 that connect successively by pipeline according to flow of gas order.
The coal gas that converter 1 gives off first enters spray column 2 through piping and cools, and gas temperature is down to 900 DEG C by 1300 DEG C, and initial dust content reaches 116g ∕ nm 3above; Then enter civilian wet cleaner 3 and carry out thick dedusting, most crude particle dust is discharged with water, and gas temperature is further significantly reduced to below 80 DEG C, and dust content is reduced to 20g ∕ nm 3below; Dewater through entering eddy flow dewatering unit 4 afterwards, by the rotation of spiral board, the saturated droplet shape water droplet in coal gas is discharged under the effect of centrifugal force; Enter sinter-plate precipitator 5 through pipeline again and carry out thin dedusting, by the filtration of sintered plate 511, dust content is reduced to 10g ∕ nm 3below, remove the saturation moisture in coal gas simultaneously, finally obtained clean gas; The clean gas finally obtaining is classified as required and is dispersed burning or collect that to enter gas chamber 6 for subsequent use.
By the dedusting method that adopts the thick dedusting of civilian wet cleaner and the thin dedusting of sinter-plate precipitator and dehydration to combine, make tail gas dustiness < 10mg ∕ m 3, efficiency of dust collection is high, has thoroughly solved the security hidden trouble causing due to gas explosion.
Sinter-plate precipitator 5 comprises the ash bucket 53 that is positioned at top and spaced dirt air chamber 51 and air-purifying chamber 52 and is positioned at bottom.In dirt air chamber 51, be provided with multiple sintered plates 511, multiple sintered plates 511 are arranged on card 512, card 512 is for point dust-separation air chamber 51 and an air-purifying chamber 52, is positioned on the card 512 of air-purifying chamber 52 and is provided with multiple Venturi meters 521 that are connected with the filter core of sintered plate 511.
In sinter-plate precipitator 5, be positioned at dirt air chamber 51 1 sides and be positioned at the space of air-purifying chamber 52 belows, by the spreader plate 59 being obliquely installed, this part is divided into inlet plenum 54 and discharge chamber 55, inlet plenum 54 is connected with dirt air chamber 51, and be connected with blast inlet 541, discharge chamber 55 is connected with air-purifying chamber 52, and is connected with air outlet 551.
Introduce dry method sinter-plate precipitator 5 through the pretreated coal gas of civilian wet cleaner 3 through eddy flow dewatering unit 4, by blast inlet 541, (conventional 18-25m ∕ s) enters inlet plenum 54 to coal gas air-flow rapidly, under the effect of gravity and spreader plate 59, progressively disperse, the deceleration that progressively runs out of steam of grit in coal gas and water droplet, larger neutral grit and the downward sedimentation of heavier water droplet directly fall in ash bucket 53, fine grit enters dirt air chamber 51 with coal gas air-flow rising and washes away filtering element sintered plate 511, so, alleviate the burden of filtering element sintered plate 511, reduce equipment resistance, extend service life of equipment.
On the sidewall of ash bucket 53, be provided with filling pipe 531 and blow-off pipe 532, the neutral grit and the heavier water droplet that fall into ash bucket 53 bottoms are introduced and are absorbed by the water of ash bucket 53 interior storages, discharge through blow-off pipe 532, finally realize the object of dedusting.In addition, the height of filling pipe 531 is higher than the height of blow-off pipe 532, when the water level in ash bucket 53 is during lower than set(ting)value, carries out moisturizing by filling pipe 531, to ensure the resistance to air loss of ash bucket 531 bottoms, avoids outside air to enter the quality that reduces coal gas.
With coal gas air-flow low speed, (0.4-0.7m ∕ s) rising enters dirt air chamber 51 and washes away filtering element sintered plate 511 fine grit, thoroughly avoid entering rapidly dirt air chamber 51 containing the gas of grit and washed away filtering element sintered plate 511, especially filter part bottom, extended service life of equipment; By the filtration of sintered plate 511 filter cores, a small amount of fine grit and drip the surface that is blocked on sintered plate 511 compared with light-water, form sheet filtering layer, coal gas air-flow after filtration enters air-purifying chamber 52 and discharge chamber 55 successively through Venturi meter 521, enter upper flue through the poppetvalve 7 of opening, final clean gas is discharged by air outlet 551.
Sintered plate 511, as filtering element, because it is rigid structure, no longer needs the parts such as skeleton or cage.The filter core of sintered plate 511 is wave vesicular structure, it is long-pending that it has larger cartridge surface, be equivalent to 3 times of plane formula structure, process dirt tolerance and greatly improve, filtration velocity obviously reduces, and filters crushing and reduces, jetting pressure reduces saves blowing gas, the corresponding minimizing of power consumption, can catch and separate submicron grit simultaneously, and filtration efficiency is up to 99.99%.
Sinter-plate precipitator 5 also comprises soot cleaning system, soot cleaning system comprises multiple gas bags 56 and multiple injection tubes 57 that are connected with gas bag 56, in injection tube 57, be provided with multiple correspondingly with Venturi meter 521 positions and be positioned at the nozzle 571 of Venturi meter 521 tops, gas bag 56 is provided with magnetic valve 58 with the junction of injection tube 57.
Close poppetvalve 7 and open soot cleaning system, compressed nitrogen (conventional required air pressure 0.4-0.6MPa) in gas bag 56 first passes through opens solenoid valve 58 to injection tube 57 abrupt releases, then by nozzle 571 ejection at a high speed to Venturi meter 521 center, finally enter in dirt air chamber 51, the fine grit of interior dirt air chamber 51 sintered plate 511 filtering layers and water droplet blowback are fallen in ash bucket 53, realize condensing water droplet to sintered plate 511 surfaces and the removing of fine grit, further extended the work-ing life of equipment.
In addition, sinter-plate precipitator 5 has also configured inspection platform, has observed the general conventional configuration such as door, explosion relief door, maintains easily operation.
Know-why of the present invention has below been described in conjunction with specific embodiments.These are described is in order to explain principle of the present invention, and can not be interpreted as by any way limiting the scope of the invention.Based on explanation herein, those skilled in the art does not need to pay performing creative labour can associate other embodiment of the present invention, within these modes all will fall into protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a blast-furnace gas dedusting system, is characterized in that: comprise the converter (1), spray column (2), civilian wet cleaner (3), eddy flow dewatering unit (4) and the sinter-plate precipitator (5) that connect successively by pipeline according to flow of gas order.
2. blast-furnace gas dedusting system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described sinter-plate precipitator (5) comprises the ash bucket (53) that is positioned at top and spaced dirt air chamber (51) and air-purifying chamber (52) and is positioned at bottom;
In described sinter-plate precipitator (5), be positioned at described dirt air chamber (51) one sides and be positioned at the space of described air-purifying chamber (52) below, by the spreader plate being obliquely installed (59), this part is divided into inlet plenum (54) and discharge chamber (55), described inlet plenum (54) is connected with described dirt air chamber (51), and be connected with blast inlet (541), described discharge chamber (55) is connected with described air-purifying chamber (52), and is connected with air outlet (551);
In described dirt air chamber (51), be provided with multiple sintered plates (511), described multiple sintered plate (511) is arranged on card (512), described card (512) is for separating described dirt air chamber (51) and described air-purifying chamber (52), is positioned at and on the described card (512) of described air-purifying chamber (52), is provided with the Venturi meter (521) that the filter core of multiple and described sintered plate (511) is connected.
3. blast-furnace gas dedusting system according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described sinter-plate precipitator (5) also comprises soot cleaning system, described soot cleaning system comprises multiple gas bags (56) and multiple and injection tube that described gas bag (56) is connected (57), is provided with multiple and described Venturi meter (521) position corresponding and be positioned at the nozzle (571) of described Venturi meter (521) top in described injection tube (57).
4. blast-furnace gas dedusting system according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described gas bag (56) is provided with magnetic valve (58) with the junction of described injection tube (57).
5. blast-furnace gas dedusting system according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: the sidewall of described ash bucket (53) is provided with filling pipe (531) and blow-off pipe (532), and the height of described filling pipe (531) is higher than the height of described blow-off pipe (532).
6. according to the blast-furnace gas dedusting system described in claim 2-5 any one, it is characterized in that: the filter core of described sintered plate (511) is wave vesicular structure.
CN201410288596.XA 2014-06-24 2014-06-24 Blast furnace gas dust removal system Pending CN104031691A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104815509A (en) * 2015-05-06 2015-08-05 卢爱玲 Environmental-protective treatment system of waste gas from ceramic kiln and spray drying column
CN105521679A (en) * 2016-01-06 2016-04-27 浙江汇同电源有限公司 Storage battery recycling dusting spray device
CN105797506A (en) * 2016-03-28 2016-07-27 东莞市恒升环保科技有限公司 Sinter plate dust remover
CN105986056A (en) * 2015-02-04 2016-10-05 北京博鹏蓝天环保设备有限公司 Technology for utilizing sintered plate dust remover in converter wet dust removal system

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105986056A (en) * 2015-02-04 2016-10-05 北京博鹏蓝天环保设备有限公司 Technology for utilizing sintered plate dust remover in converter wet dust removal system
CN104815509A (en) * 2015-05-06 2015-08-05 卢爱玲 Environmental-protective treatment system of waste gas from ceramic kiln and spray drying column
CN105521679A (en) * 2016-01-06 2016-04-27 浙江汇同电源有限公司 Storage battery recycling dusting spray device
CN105797506A (en) * 2016-03-28 2016-07-27 东莞市恒升环保科技有限公司 Sinter plate dust remover
CN105797506B (en) * 2016-03-28 2018-06-05 东莞市恒升环保科技有限公司 Sinter-plate precipitator

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Application publication date: 20140910