CN104028481A - Photovoltaic module single-axial-direction cleaning device - Google Patents

Photovoltaic module single-axial-direction cleaning device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104028481A
CN104028481A CN201410231424.9A CN201410231424A CN104028481A CN 104028481 A CN104028481 A CN 104028481A CN 201410231424 A CN201410231424 A CN 201410231424A CN 104028481 A CN104028481 A CN 104028481A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
wheel
belt
photovoltaic module
frame
crossbeam
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410231424.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104028481B (en
Inventor
李倩
卢育发
李凤光
刘祥
Original Assignee
安徽天柱绿色能源科技有限公司
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Application filed by 安徽天柱绿色能源科技有限公司 filed Critical 安徽天柱绿色能源科技有限公司
Priority to CN201410231424.9A priority Critical patent/CN104028481B/en
Publication of CN104028481A publication Critical patent/CN104028481A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104028481B publication Critical patent/CN104028481B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/008Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members using translating operative members

Abstract

The invention relates to a photovoltaic module single-axial-direction cleaning device. The device is characterized by comprising a machine frame (1) provided with a motor (5), a transmission wheel (3) and a wheel frame (7), wherein the motor (5) is connected with a belt wheel (4) which is a double-slot wheel, a ring-shaped transmission belt (6) is in transmission connection with the belt wheel and the transmission wheel in a matched mode, the wheel frame is connected with a guide wheel (8) matched with the machine frame in a supporting and rolling mode and connected with a transverse beam (10), the lower side of the transverse beam is connected with a brush fixing board (14) and fixedly connected with the transmission belt, and the lower side of the brush fixing board is provided with a brush (15). The device has the advantages that the transmission belt is connected with the transverse beam so that movement synchronicity of the cleaning device can be effectively guaranteed, accurate and stable transmission can be achieved, and movement speed and back and forth movement of the cleaning device can be controlled conveniently.

Description

A kind of photovoltaic module single shaft is to clearing apparatus
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of clearing apparatus, particularly a kind of for the single shaft that cleans the dirts such as photovoltaic module surface laying dust to clearing apparatus.
Background technology
Photovoltaic generation is a kind of clean energy resource, utilizes sunshine to send clean energy resource here to the mankind, in the whole world, finds broad application.Photovoltaic module is the root that solar power station electric energy produces, and the efficiency of photovoltaic module is directly determining the generated energy of solar power station.Keeping photovoltaic module clean is the effective way that keeps photovoltaic plant maximum generation ability.Be accompanied by the develop rapidly of photovoltaic generation, the cleaning problem of photovoltaic module has become each photovoltaic generation enterprise urgent need to solve the problem.If dust is attached to photovoltaic module surface, affected the transmissivity of light, and then affect the amount of radiation that assembly surface receives, will affect generating efficiency, also have because dust is very near apart from the distance of cell piece, can form shade, will, in the local generating efficiency that forms hot spot effect and then reduce assembly of photovoltaic module, even burn assembly.
Present stage mainly relies on manpower to adopt water rinse or clean with mop to photovoltaic module dedusting, there is following shortcoming in this mode: because solar panel is for a long time in outdoor environment, surface dirt accumulated amount is larger, not only need a large amount of water, and cleaning effect is undesirable, efficiency is low, and cost is high.At China's focus development, be desert photovoltaic generation, water resource lacks, and water cleans also unrealistic in arid Desert Area.Photovoltaic module dedusting difficulty is still a great problem that affects photovoltaic generation industry development, through extensively retrieval, not yet finds comparatively desirable technical scheme.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is can not large area carry out dedusting to photovoltaic module in order to solve present stage, and dedusting cost is high and inefficient shortcoming, and a kind of photovoltaic module single shaft of proposition is to clearing apparatus.
To achieve these goals, the present invention has adopted following technical scheme:
A kind of photovoltaic module single shaft is to clearing apparatus, it is characterized in that: comprise frame, in frame, be respectively equipped with a motor, one group of drive and one group of vehicle wheel frame, on the output shaft of described motor, connect a belt wheel, described belt wheel is double grooved pulley, on belt wheel and described drive, coordinate the back-shaped driving-belt that is in transmission connection, described driving-belt is socketed on another race of belt wheel through drive after being socketed on a race of belt wheel successively again; Described in each, on vehicle wheel frame, connect one group of directive wheel, directive wheel rolls and coordinates with described frame support, a crossbeam is connected on vehicle wheel frame, below described crossbeam, connect one group of hairbrush fixed head, below each hairbrush fixed head, be provided with hairbrush, crossbeam is also fixedly connected with described driving-belt.
On the basis of technique scheme, can there is following further technical scheme:
A tensioning apparatus is also connected on described driving-belt.
Described tensioning apparatus comprises regulating wheel, and described regulating wheel is connected in frame, regulating wheel and described driving-belt tensioned fit.
Described tensioning apparatus comprises support, and described support is connected on crossbeam, runs through lead is set on support, and a side connection for transmission band of described lead, opposite side are by the locking nut holddown spring that is locked.
Described in each, hairbrush fixed head is all connected on crossbeam by connecting rod, on the connecting rod between crossbeam and each hairbrush fixed head, is socketed a spring.
Hairbrush on described hairbrush fixed head is provided with forward and backward two rows.
On described hairbrush fixed head two row hairbrush can be to be arranged in parallel, also two rows of mutually staggered setting, and the length of two row's hairbrush can be identical also can be different.
Described hairbrush fixed head is connected on crossbeam by connecting rod, and on connecting rod, be also socketed with spring, so hairbrush fixed head can be with the upper and lower play of electric brush, can adapt to being uneven of photovoltaic module installation, assembly arrange projection and depression, guarantee that assembly every nook and cranny is all clean by cleaning, because crossbeam is connected and fixed by conveyer belt, so the photovoltaic module that this device not only can adaptation level be installed, and can be used on the photovoltaic module that tilts to install.
Along with the increase of photovoltaic module area, only crossbeam need be lengthened, the several hairbrush fixed heads of many increases under weighing, so this device is applicable to the cleaning work of large area photovoltaic module.
The invention has the advantages that: the driving-belt connecting cross beam that this device adopts, can effectively guarantee the synchronism of clearing apparatus motion, realize accurate, stable transmission, by adjusting rotating speed and the rotating of motor, can realize and control the movement velocity of clearing apparatus and move back and forth, control more for convenience; Hairbrush fixed head can be with the upper and lower play of electric brush, to adapt to rugged photovoltaic module, and photovoltaic module arrange projection and depression, guarantee that photovoltaic module every nook and cranny is all clean by cleaning, in the process of cleaning photovoltaic module surface dirt and impurity, make dust can be under the connection gap of photovoltaic module declines, accumulation, and a cleaning photovoltaic module is later made dirty again.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is basic structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the front view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the right view of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is strainer schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 is another kind of strainer schematic diagram.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1: as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, a kind of photovoltaic module single shaft provided by the invention, to clearing apparatus, is characterized in that:
Comprise frame 1, the one group of photovoltaic module 21 that is connected in frame 1 is also respectively equipped with a motor 5, eight drives 3 and two vehicle wheel frames 7 in frame 1.
Described motor 5 is arranged on the front side of frame, connects a belt wheel 4 on the output shaft of motor 5, and described belt wheel 4 is double grooved pulley; Each turning of described frame 1 is provided with two corresponding drives 3 that arrange, and wherein each turning is respectively equipped with two drives 3; On belt wheel 4 and described drive 3, coordinate the back-shaped driving-belt 6 that is in transmission connection, described driving-belt 6 adopts steel wire rope, described driving-belt 6 is socketed in the front race 4a of belt wheel 4, and to be connected to first group of drive 3a after upper upper, then driving-belt 6 after second group of drive 3b, the 3rd group of drive 3c and the 4th group of drive 3d, be socketed in successively belt wheel 4 after on race 4b.
Shown in Fig. 3, the free company's of being rotationally connected directive wheel 8 on vehicle wheel frame 7 described in each, directive wheel 8 supports to roll with described frame 1 and coordinates, directive wheel 8 also with two adjacent light photovoltaic assemblies 21 coordinate clearance channel 21a corresponding matching, front side and rear side in frame 1 are also respectively equipped with and the existing limit switch for coordinating of directive wheel 8, the height of described directive wheel 8 is adjustable, a crossbeam 10 is connected on vehicle wheel frame 7, described crossbeam 10 adopts shaped steel, its length is corresponding with the width of photovoltaic module 21, described crossbeam 10 is also fixedly connected on the described driving-belt 6 of both sides, after connecting, the front side wall of described driving-belt 6 and photovoltaic module 21 is in parastate.
Below described crossbeam 10, connect one group of hairbrush fixed head 14, described in each, hairbrush fixed head 14 is all connected on crossbeam 10 by two connecting rods 11, described connecting rod 11 is free to slide on crossbeam 10, connecting rod 11 upper ends are threaded connection nut 11a, lower end is fixedly connected on hairbrush fixed head 14 by steady pin 13, described hairbrush fixed head 14 also adopts shaped steel, described steady pin 13 runs through hairbrush fixed head 14 and arranges, described steady pin 13 two ends are all fixed by split pin 13a, steady pin has certain sliding space in having the hairbrush fixed head 14 of waist-shaped hole, before being provided with below each hairbrush fixed head 14, rear two row's hairbrush 15, the interlaced setting of described two row's hairbrush 15, on the connecting rod 11 between crossbeam 10 and each hairbrush fixed head 14, be socketed a spring 12, described spring 12 is always in compressive state, thereby make hairbrush 15 and photovoltaic module 21 always in contact condition.
Shown in Fig. 4, in described frame 1, also connect a tensioning apparatus 2, tensioned fit on described tensioning apparatus 2 and driving-belt 6.Described tensioning apparatus 2 comprises regulating wheel 16, regulating wheel 16 and described driving-belt 6 tensioned fit.
Embodiment 2: shown in Fig. 5, in embodiment 1, tensioning apparatus 2 can also adopt following structure, it comprises support 17, described is a square shaped steel, described support 17 is connected in frame 1, on support 17, run through and connect two contrary leads 18 that arrange, one side of described lead 18 is provided with a through hole 18a, adjacent driving-belt 6 runs through setting with the through hole 18a of two leads 18 respectively, the opposite side of two leads 18 is all socketed a holddown spring 19, in the end of lead 18, be also threaded connection a locking nut 20, under the effect of locking nut 20, described holddown spring 19 is always in compressive state.

Claims (6)

1. a photovoltaic module single shaft is to clearing apparatus, it is characterized in that: comprise frame (1), in frame (1), be respectively equipped with a motor (5), one group of drive (3) and one group of vehicle wheel frame (7), on the output shaft of described motor (5), connect a belt wheel (4), described belt wheel (4) is double grooved pulley, at belt wheel (4) and the upper back-shaped driving-belt (6) that is in transmission connection that coordinates of described drive (3), after described driving-belt (6) is socketed on a race of belt wheel (4), pass through successively on another race that drive (3) is socketed in belt wheel (4) again, on vehicle wheel frame described in each (7), connect one group of directive wheel (8), directive wheel (8) supports to roll with described frame (1) and coordinates, a crossbeam (10) is connected on vehicle wheel frame (7), below described crossbeam (10), connect one group of hairbrush fixed head (14), below each hairbrush fixed head (14), be provided with hairbrush (15), crossbeam (10) is also fixedly connected with described driving-belt (6).
2. a kind of photovoltaic module single shaft according to claim 1, to clearing apparatus, is characterized in that: a tensioning apparatus (2) is also connected on described driving-belt (6).
3. a kind of photovoltaic module single shaft according to claim 2 is to clearing apparatus, it is characterized in that: described tensioning apparatus (2) comprises regulating wheel (16), it is upper that described regulating wheel (16) is connected to frame (1), regulating wheel (16) and described driving-belt (6) tensioned fit.
4. a kind of photovoltaic module single shaft according to claim 2 is to clearing apparatus, it is characterized in that: described tensioning apparatus (2) comprises support (17), described support (17) is connected on crossbeam (10), on support (17), run through lead (18) is set, a side connection for transmission band (6) of described lead (18), opposite side are by locking nut (20) holddown spring (19) that is locked.
5. a kind of photovoltaic module single shaft according to claim 1 is to clearing apparatus, it is characterized in that: described in each, hairbrush fixed head (14) is all connected to crossbeam (10) above by connecting rod (11), on the connecting rod (11) between crossbeam (10) and each hairbrush fixed head (14), is socketed a spring (12).
6. a kind of photovoltaic module single shaft according to claim 1, to clearing apparatus, is characterized in that: the hairbrush (15) on described hairbrush fixed head (14) is provided with forward and backward two rows.
CN201410231424.9A 2014-05-29 2014-05-29 A kind of photovoltaic module uniaxially clearing apparatus CN104028481B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410231424.9A CN104028481B (en) 2014-05-29 2014-05-29 A kind of photovoltaic module uniaxially clearing apparatus

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410231424.9A CN104028481B (en) 2014-05-29 2014-05-29 A kind of photovoltaic module uniaxially clearing apparatus

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CN104028481B CN104028481B (en) 2016-12-07

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Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101007312A (en) * 2007-01-09 2007-08-01 武汉理工大学 Method for automatically removing dust from the solar battery plate and device thereof
CN201020455Y (en) * 2007-04-20 2008-02-13 南京全屋电器开关有限公司 Solar electric power generation plate surface dust-collecting equipment
EP2048455A2 (en) * 2007-10-09 2009-04-15 Brown Group Spain, S.A. Automatic solar panel cleaning system
DE202010010541U1 (en) * 2010-07-22 2010-10-21 Gantenhammer, Vinzenz Device for cleaning solar modules arranged on a surface
CN101869899A (en) * 2010-05-24 2010-10-27 伍文享 Improved solar panel cleaning device
CN201711298U (en) * 2010-03-11 2011-01-19 马关涛 Dust collection device for solar battery
KR101033443B1 (en) * 2010-07-16 2011-05-09 주식회사 시노펙스그린테크 Cleanning device for solar power generation panel
CN201871499U (en) * 2010-07-07 2011-06-22 江阴博润新能源科技有限公司 Cleaning device for surface of photovoltaic cell panel
CN203872126U (en) * 2014-05-29 2014-10-08 安徽天柱绿色能源科技有限公司 Monoaxial cleaning device for photovoltaic assembly

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101007312A (en) * 2007-01-09 2007-08-01 武汉理工大学 Method for automatically removing dust from the solar battery plate and device thereof
CN201020455Y (en) * 2007-04-20 2008-02-13 南京全屋电器开关有限公司 Solar electric power generation plate surface dust-collecting equipment
EP2048455A2 (en) * 2007-10-09 2009-04-15 Brown Group Spain, S.A. Automatic solar panel cleaning system
CN201711298U (en) * 2010-03-11 2011-01-19 马关涛 Dust collection device for solar battery
CN101869899A (en) * 2010-05-24 2010-10-27 伍文享 Improved solar panel cleaning device
CN201871499U (en) * 2010-07-07 2011-06-22 江阴博润新能源科技有限公司 Cleaning device for surface of photovoltaic cell panel
KR101033443B1 (en) * 2010-07-16 2011-05-09 주식회사 시노펙스그린테크 Cleanning device for solar power generation panel
DE202010010541U1 (en) * 2010-07-22 2010-10-21 Gantenhammer, Vinzenz Device for cleaning solar modules arranged on a surface
CN203872126U (en) * 2014-05-29 2014-10-08 安徽天柱绿色能源科技有限公司 Monoaxial cleaning device for photovoltaic assembly

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