CN104026733A - Tobacco waste material treatment device with maggot and material separation function - Google Patents

Tobacco waste material treatment device with maggot and material separation function Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104026733A
CN104026733A CN201410248288.4A CN201410248288A CN104026733A CN 104026733 A CN104026733 A CN 104026733A CN 201410248288 A CN201410248288 A CN 201410248288A CN 104026733 A CN104026733 A CN 104026733A
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China
Prior art keywords
maggot
tank
discharge port
tobacco waste
discharging
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Granted
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CN201410248288.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104026733B (en
Inventor
陈泽鹏
胡新军
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Sun Yat Sen University
China National Tobacco Corp Guangdong Branch
National Sun Yat-sen University
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China National Tobacco Corp Guangdong Branch
National Sun Yat-sen University
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Application filed by China National Tobacco Corp Guangdong Branch, National Sun Yat-sen University filed Critical China National Tobacco Corp Guangdong Branch
Priority to CN201410248288.4A priority Critical patent/CN104026733B/en
Publication of CN104026733A publication Critical patent/CN104026733A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104026733B publication Critical patent/CN104026733B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of tobacco waste material treatment, and discloses a tobacco waste material treatment device with a maggot and material separation function. The tobacco waste material treatment device comprises a tank body, a fan blade type material discharging device, a material mixing device, a maggot and material separation device and a light transmitting window, wherein the fan blade type material discharging device is movably mounted at a material discharging opening in the lower part of the tank body; the dimension of the fan blade of the fan blade type material discharging device is matched with the material discharging opening; the material mixing device is arranged at the upper part of the tank body; the maggot and material separation device is arranged at an opening hole in the side surface of the tank body; the light transmitting window is embedded into the tank body and opposite to the maggot and material separation device. The tobacco waste material treatment device is provided with the maggot and material separation device, so that the maggot and material separation effect is good; the device is firm and durable, easy to operate, good in material mixing effect and high in tobacco waste material treatment efficiency, and can meet modern production requirements on industrial, large-scale and continuous production.

Description

A kind of tobacco waste treating apparatus with maggot material separation function
Technical field
The present invention relates to the technical field that tobacco waste is processed, more specifically, relate to a kind of tobacco waste treating apparatus with maggot material separation function.
Background technology
Along with development and the smoking population of China's cigarette industry increases day by day to the requirement of cigarette quality, tobacco planting scale constantly increases, and cigarette industry is also increasing to the demand of better-than-average level tobacco leaf, and these factors are given it up a large amount of inapplicable fresh tobacco leafs.Inapplicable fresh tobacco leaf refers to not be suitable for the new fresh tobacco leaf (water content 80~90%) of cured tobacco production, different from the waste/hypo-tobacco leaf producing in the during production process of flue-cured tobacco of mentioning in a large number in document or discarded tobacco leaf (water content approximately 15%).If these inapplicable tobacco leaves are arbitrarily abandoned field, can pollute planting environment, be also unfavorable for the elimination of tobacco virus, and then the tobacco plant in next season of superinfection; If concentrate destruction or landfill to need to spend a large amount of expenses, the disposal cost of industry inapplicable tobacco leaf per ton is on average up to 200 yuan.
Fly maggot is a kind of important economic insects and scavenger insect, and the resistance to nicotine housefly kind obtaining after screening, strengthening and cultivation, can be used for inapplicable fresh tobacco leaf to carry out a biological disposal upon.Patent documentation (CN 103109972) discloses a kind ofly processes with common house-fly grub the method that inapplicable tobacco leaf is prepared biological protein feedstuff, and the method is strong to inapplicable fresh tobacco leaf disposal ability, speed is fast compared with microorganism compost; Processing cost is low, and technology environmental protection does not change land used character; Also can obtain biological protein feedstuff simultaneously, realize the recycling of inapplicable tobacco leaf, become " giving up " into precious.
Because the surface area of fresh inapplicable tobacco leaf is larger, be not suitable for directly with fly maggot, processing, need utilize disintegrating machine to carry out after fragmentation it, obtain homogeneous inapplicable tobacco leaf fragment.In addition, in simple inapplicable tobacco leaf fragment, nicotine content is higher, large to the murder by poisoning of fly maggot, need add the nicotine content in the auxiliary material dilution tobacco leaves such as wheat bran, system chaff and globulin powder, improves the trophic level of compost.Therefore, homogeneous inapplicable tobacco leaf fragment and auxiliary material need be stirred after just available fly maggot process.In prior art, conventionally must be by inapplicable fresh tobacco leaf and auxiliary material after treating apparatus mix outward, then join in treating apparatus and process, but this easily causes dust from flying, the problem of contaminated environment and health.
Fly maggot breeding technology adopts hole formula cultivation, foster, the fertile heap cultivation of rubbish heap or benzvalene form cultivation etc. mostly at present, the cultivation apparatus using is as cultivation pot, breeding cage, box for breeding etc., all exist complex structure, cost higher, or simple in structure, but cannot break away from the many disadvantages such as heavy work, the space availability ratio of the separation of maggot material, fly maggot collection are low and environmental pollution is large.Therefore, hindered the fast development of fly maggot breeding industry, be difficult to realize the modern production requirement of low cost, high efficiency, automation and scientific culture, this is also that restriction uses fly maggot process applying of tobacco waste technology and bring one of major influence factors of larger economic benefit certainly.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem that the present invention solves is the deficiency that overcomes existing tobacco waste treating apparatus, and a kind of tobacco waste treating apparatus with maggot material separation function is provided.The treatment effeciency of described device tobacco waste is high, possesses automatic batch mixing and maggot material automatic separation, the utilization rate advantages of higher in workshop.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical programs:
A tobacco waste treating apparatus with maggot material separation function, comprises tank body, fan blade type device for discharging, mixing device, maggot material separating device and light inlet window;
Tank body lower part is provided with discharge port, and described fan blade type device for discharging is movably arranged on discharge port place, and fan blade type device for discharging comprises rotating shaft and be fixed on the air blade in rotating shaft, and the size of air blade coordinates with discharge port;
Described mixing device is arranged at tank body top; Described mixing device comprises blender, and blender is arranged on the top in tank body;
Described maggot material separating device is located at the tapping of tank body side, and maggot material separating device comprises the gate that is arranged at tapping outside and the second baffle that is arranged at gate outside;
Described light inlet window is embedded on tank body, is positioned at maggot material separating device opposite, and described light inlet window comprises the shadow shield for shutting out the light.
The process of processing tobacco waste with fly maggot can be divided into two stages: the first stage is for feeding, inoculate and cultivating and process; Second stage is the separation of maggot material and discharging stage.In first stage process, described device for discharging rotation to the posture coordinating completely with discharge port is fixed, form an enclosed construction with discharge port, at this moment whole device can be used for holding the materials such as tobacco waste and fly maggot, as a tobacco fertilizer treating apparatus or fly maggot, cultivates treating apparatus use.In second stage process, by rotating fan blade type device for discharging, between discharge port and fan blade type device for discharging, form a space, material in device is discharged by this space, after discharge process completes, by rotating blading formula device for discharging, it is coordinated completely in discharge port again, enter next production cycle.
In addition, because device for discharging is rotatable, the pore size that itself and discharge port form can be controlled flexibly, and the discharge time is capable of regulating also, therefore by fan blade type device for discharging, can effectively control discharging quantity.Particularly when processing tobacco waste continuously, only need to discharge the processing material completely that is positioned at bottom of device, stay and be positioned at the fly maggot on material top and untreated material completely etc., in device, add untreated material simultaneously, use this device can reach convenient, efficiently quantity-produced object, improve tobacco waste treatment effeciency.
Preferably, described discharge port is provided with perforate, and rotating shaft is rotationally connected through perforate and discharge port, and air blade is located in the cavity of discharge port formation; When this connected mode has guaranteed that fan blade type device for discharging turns to discharge port closure, both have good sealing effectiveness.Further preferably, between perforate and rotating shaft, bearing is housed, makes that fan blade type device for discharging rotates flexibly, required drive is less and not easy to wear.
The number of described air blade is 4, between adjacent air blade, mutually at an angle of 90, is fixed in rotating shaft, for coordinating with discharge port, forms closing structure.Preferably, air blade can be for plate or have a curved face type.
Preferably, the bottom surface of discharge port and the size of side equate.This bottom surface that is discharge port and side coordinate possibility are provided with fan blade type device for discharging, and while having guaranteed that fan blade type device for discharging sways certain angle, discharge port is completely closed, for loaded material.
Because fly maggot has the characteristic of being afraid of high light, when fly maggot is ripe or after tobacco waste processing completely, by opening shadow shield, the transparent panel that the high lights such as daylight or light see through light inlet window shines into tank interior, and fly maggot is moved to maggot material separating device.At this moment open the gate of maggot material separating device, the material in tank body and fly maggot fall into the groove of second baffle and tank body formation, and the edge that fly maggot gets over second baffle falls into fly maggot collecting vessel, is beneficial to the collection of fly maggot.
Preferably, described second baffle and tank body form groove, and the edge of second baffle outwards and be bent downwardly camber.Described gate is movably installed on tank body by slot or clamp, and gate can be up and down; When close upper lock gate downwards when processing the first stage of tobacco waste process with fly maggot, can form the tank body of sealing, when in second stage, upwards open the sluices, at this moment the material in tank body and fly maggot can fall into the groove of second baffle and tank body formation.
Preferably, described light inlet window also comprises the transparent panel being embedded in tank body side; The size of light inlet window is greater than the gate of maggot material separating device, and the bottom of light inlet window is lower than the material face in tank body, and top is higher than the material face in tank body.Preferably, the material of transparent panel is transparent organic glass, plastics or safety glass etc.
Preferably, described shadow shield is movably arranged on tank body by modes such as loose-leaf, slot or decks, and size and the light inlet window of described shadow shield are suitable.
Due to after homogeneous inapplicable tobacco leaf fragment and auxiliary material need being stirred just available fly maggot process, therefore take after inapplicable tobacco leaf fragment and auxiliary material, start mixing device, simultaneously reinforced in proportion, while feeding in raw material, mix, can reach the object mixing.
Preferably, described mixing device also comprises hopper and batch mixing motor; Hopper is arranged at tank body top, connects with tank body; Batch mixing motor and blender are by gear or belt connection for transmission.Described blender comprises at least 2 blades, and blade is plane or curved face type, for the mixing of material.
On the flexible connection of fan blade type device for discharging and discharge port, in order to make device for discharging can keep certain posture when closed with discharge port or while carrying out discharging, preferably, the side of discharge port is provided with the fixtures such as the first latch and the second latch, and fan blade type device for discharging is positioned discharge port by fixtures such as the first latch and the second latches.
Preferably, fan blade type device for discharging drives rotation around the shaft by handle, and described handle is an integral body with rotating shaft or is detachable connection.Handle can be fixed in rotating shaft; Also the detachable connected mode that can pass through acts on rotating shaft, and this mode can disassemble when not using saves space.
Preferably, fan blade type device for discharging is rotated by belt or gear driven around the shaft by motor.By driven by motor fan blade type device for discharging, rotate, on the one hand can reduce labour intensity, can control the rotational angle of fan blade type device for discharging and the posture fixedly time by motor and transmission system on the other hand.
Preferably, tank body also comprises casing, transition body, and lower box connects transition body, and transition body bottom connects discharge port, and the cavity between casing, transition body and discharge port three connects, and is beneficial to loading and/or the unloading of material; Preferably, casing can be square, cuboid or cylinder etc.
Preferably, at the transition body of tank body and the intersection of discharge port, mobilizable first baffle plate is housed.The first described baffle plate is arranged on tank body by modes such as loose-leaves, when fan blade type device for discharging turns to discharging state, the first baffle plate can block the space between tank body and flat board, prevent that the material in tank body from falling on fan blade type device for discharging, affects the use of discharging operation and fan blade type device for discharging; Described the first baffle plate can be made by materials such as wooden, rubber, plastics or metals.
Preferably, reticulated is equipped with in tank body open top.The reticulated covering on tank body can select to be less than the size of adult housefly in aperture conventionally.By cover reticulated on tank body, can prevent that adult housefly or other insect in workshop from entering in tank body on the one hand, in order to avoid maggot grow is affected in tank body; Also can prevent that on the other hand fly maggot in tank body from growing up to the tank body that flies out after adult, damages surrounding environment.
Preferably, described device is fixed on floor by support.Device is erected to overhead certain altitude, be beneficial to the rotation of fan blade type device for discharging; Under discharge port, can place material receiver.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
The invention provides a kind of tobacco waste treating apparatus with maggot material separation function, the characteristic that this device utilizes fly maggot to keep in dark place, is provided with maggot material separating device, maggot material good separating effect.
This device can be controlled holding and discharging of material in tank by fan blade type device for discharging, can according to the condition of production, process tobacco waste flexibly, and the treatment effeciency of tobacco waste is high.
This device is sturdy and durable; simple to operate; compounding effect is good; the treatment effeciency of tobacco waste is high; installing/dismounting and cleaning and sterilizing are convenient, and environment protecting is good, can fully improve the utilization rate in workshop; the processing cost that reduces tobacco waste, can meet batch production, the continuous continual modern production requirement of scale.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the schematic perspective view with the tobacco waste treating apparatus of maggot material separation function;
Fig. 2 is the side view with the tobacco waste treating apparatus of maggot material separation function;
Fig. 3 is the front view with the tobacco waste treating apparatus of maggot material separation function;
Fig. 4 is the front view of the tobacco waste treating apparatus with maggot material separation function of translator.
The specific embodiment
Accompanying drawing, only for exemplary illustration, can not be interpreted as the restriction to this patent; For better explanation the present embodiment, some parts of accompanying drawing have omission, zoom in or out, and do not represent the size of actual product; To those skilled in the art, in accompanying drawing some known configurations and explanation thereof may to omit be understandable.In accompanying drawing, describe position relationship only for exemplary illustration, can not be interpreted as the restriction to this patent.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figures 1 to 3, a kind of tobacco waste treating apparatus with maggot material separation function, comprises tank body 1, fan blade type device for discharging 2, mixing device 9, maggot material separating device 10 and light inlet window 14.
Tank body 1 comprises square box 11, transition body 12 and discharge port 13, and casing 11 bottoms connect transition body 12, and transition body 12 bottoms connect discharge port 13; Cavity between casing 11, transition body 12 and discharge port 13 threes connects; The size of the 131He side, bottom surface 132 of discharge port 13 equates.
Fan blade type device for discharging 2 comprises rotating shaft structure 21 and plate air blade 22; The number of air blade 22 is 4, between adjacent air blade, mutually at an angle of 90, is fixed in rotating shaft 21.
Fan blade type device for discharging 2 is movably arranged on discharge port 13 places of tank body 1 bottom, and discharge port 13 is provided with perforate, and rotating shaft 21 is connected by bearing with discharge port 13 through perforate, and air blade 22 is located in the cavity of discharge port 13 formation; The size of air blade 22 coordinates with discharge port 13.
The first latch 81 and the second latch 82 are housed on the side of discharge port 13, and fan blade type device for discharging 2 is positioned discharge port 13 by the first latch 81 and the second latch 82.
Maggot material separating device 10 is located at the tapping of tank body 1 side, and maggot material separating device 10 comprises the gate 102 that is arranged at tapping outside and the second baffle 101 that is arranged at gate 102 outsides;
Light inlet window 14 is embedded on tank body 1, is positioned at maggot material separating device 10 opposites, and light inlet window 14 comprises the shadow shield 142 for shutting out the light.
Light inlet window 14 also comprises the transparent panel 141 being embedded in tank body 1 side; The size of described light inlet window 141 is larger than gate 102, and suitable with shadow shield 142.
Mixing device 9 comprises hopper 91, batch mixing motor 92 and blender 93; Mixing device is located at the top of tank body; Hopper 91 is arranged at tank body 1 top, connects with tank body 1; Batch mixing motor 92 passes through gear or belt connection for transmission with blender 93.Blender 93 has 2 curved face type blades.
Fan blade type device for discharging 2 is driven around the shaft and 21 is rotated by handle 3, and handle 3 is an integral body with rotating shaft 21 or is detachable connection.
At the transition body 12 of tank body 1 and the intersection of discharge port 13, by loose-leaf, mobilizable metal first baffle plate 6 is installed.Reticulated 7 is equipped with in tank body 1 open top.
The described tobacco waste treating apparatus with maggot material separation function is fixed on floor by support.Device is erected to overhead certain altitude, be beneficial to the rotation of fan blade type device for discharging; Under discharge port, can place material receiver.
Embodiment 2
As shown in Figure 4, the described tank body 1 of this enforcement comprises round box; Fan blade type device for discharging 2 is driven around the shaft and 21 is rotated by belt or gear 5 by motor 4; At the transition body 12 of tank body 1 and the intersection of discharge port 13, by loose-leaf, mobilizable rubber first baffle plate 6 is installed.
All the other structures of the present embodiment and operation principle and embodiment 1 are identical, at this, no longer narrate.
Obviously, the above embodiment of the present invention is only for example of the present invention is clearly described, and is not the restriction to embodiments of the present invention.For those of ordinary skill in the field, can also make other changes in different forms on the basis of the above description.Here exhaustive without also giving all embodiments.All any modifications of doing within the spirit and principles in the present invention, be equal to and replace and improvement etc., within all should being included in the protection domain of the claims in the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a tobacco waste treating apparatus with maggot material separation function, is characterized in that, comprises tank body (1), fan blade type device for discharging (2), mixing device (9), maggot material separating device (10) and light inlet window (14);
Tank body (1) bottom is provided with discharge port (13), described fan blade type device for discharging (2) is movably arranged on discharge port (13) and locates, fan blade type device for discharging (2) comprises rotating shaft (21) and is fixed on the air blade (22) in rotating shaft (21), and the size of air blade (22) coordinates with discharge port (13);
Described mixing device (9) is arranged at tank body (1) top; Described mixing device (9) comprises blender (93), and blender (93) is arranged on the top in tank body (1);
Described maggot material separating device (10) is located at the tapping of tank body (1) side, and maggot material separating device (10) comprises the gate (102) that is arranged at tapping outside and the second baffle (101) that is arranged at gate (102) outside;
It is upper that described light inlet window (14) is embedded in tank body (1), is positioned at maggot material separating device (10) opposite, and described light inlet window (14) comprises the shadow shield (142) for shutting out the light.
2. according to the tobacco waste treating apparatus described in claim l with maggot material separation function, it is characterized in that, described discharge port (13) is provided with perforate, and rotating shaft (21) is rotationally connected through perforate and discharge port (13), and air blade (22) is located in the cavity of discharge port (13) formation; The number of described air blade (22) is 4, between adjacent air blade mutually at an angle of 90.
3. according to the tobacco waste treating apparatus described in claim 1 with maggot material separation function, it is characterized in that, described second baffle (101) and tank body (1) form groove, and the edge of second baffle (101) outwards and be bent downwardly camber; Described gate (102) is movably installed on tank body (1) by slot or clamp.
4. according to the tobacco waste treating apparatus described in claim 1 with maggot material separation function, it is characterized in that, described light inlet window (14) also comprises the transparent panel (141) being embedded in tank body (1) side; The size of described light inlet window (141) is larger than gate (102), and suitable with shadow shield (142).
5. the tobacco waste treating apparatus according to claim 1 with maggot material separation function, is characterized in that, described mixing device (9) also comprises hopper (91), batch mixing motor (92); Hopper (91) is arranged at tank body (1) top, connects with tank body (1); Batch mixing motor (92) passes through gear or belt connection for transmission with blender (93).
6. according to the tobacco waste treating apparatus described in claim l with maggot material separation function, it is characterized in that, the side of described discharge port (13) is provided with the first latch (81) and the second latch (82), and fan blade type device for discharging (2) is by the first latch (81) and the second latch (82) anchor.
7. according to the tobacco waste treating apparatus described in claim l with maggot material separation function, it is characterized in that, described fan blade type device for discharging (2) drives (21) rotation around the shaft by motor (4) by belt or gear (5), or driving (21) rotation around the shaft by handle (3), described handle (3) is an integral body with rotating shaft (21) or is detachable connection.
8. according to the tobacco waste treating apparatus described in any one of claim l~7 with maggot material separation function, it is characterized in that, described tank body (1) also comprises casing (11) and transition body (12), casing (11) bottom connects transition body (12), transition body (12) bottom connects discharge port (13), and the cavity between casing (11), transition body (12) and discharge port (13) three connects.
9. the tobacco waste treating apparatus according to claim 8 with maggot material separation function, is characterized in that, the transition body (12) of described tank body (1) and the intersection of discharge port (13) are equipped with mobilizable first baffle plate (6).
10. the tobacco waste treating apparatus according to claim 8 with maggot material separation function, it is characterized in that, described blender (93) comprises at least 2 blades, and blade is plane or curved face type, and reticulated (7) is equipped with in described tank body (1) open top.
CN201410248288.4A 2014-06-06 2014-06-06 A kind of tobacco waste treating apparatus with maggot material separation function Expired - Fee Related CN104026733B (en)

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Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1594721A (en) * 1978-05-03 1981-08-05 Grant D Maggot breeding
JP2006044140A (en) * 2004-08-06 2006-02-16 Toa Harbor Works Co Ltd Feeder of concrete reinforcing fiber
CN101622972A (en) * 2008-07-10 2010-01-13 中国科学院过程工程研究所 Automatic control bioreactor for breeding maggots and earthworms and culture method
CN101720721A (en) * 2008-10-26 2010-06-09 山东省滨州市通源水产有限公司 Process for producing brine shrimp eggs
CN102415356A (en) * 2011-08-22 2012-04-18 广东省昆虫研究所 Industrial cultivation equipment for insect larvae
CN202807922U (en) * 2012-09-03 2013-03-20 中国烟草总公司郑州烟草研究院 Small-batch cut tobacco sample dispersing and feeding device
CN103109972A (en) * 2013-02-26 2013-05-22 胡新军 Method for processing inapplicable tobacco leaves by musca domestica larva to prepare biological protein feed
CN203222344U (en) * 2013-05-13 2013-10-02 广州市金威龙实业股份有限公司 Rotary quantitative feeding device
CN203969188U (en) * 2014-06-06 2014-12-03 中国烟草总公司广东省公司 A kind of tobacco waste treating apparatus with maggot material separation function

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1594721A (en) * 1978-05-03 1981-08-05 Grant D Maggot breeding
JP2006044140A (en) * 2004-08-06 2006-02-16 Toa Harbor Works Co Ltd Feeder of concrete reinforcing fiber
CN101622972A (en) * 2008-07-10 2010-01-13 中国科学院过程工程研究所 Automatic control bioreactor for breeding maggots and earthworms and culture method
CN101720721A (en) * 2008-10-26 2010-06-09 山东省滨州市通源水产有限公司 Process for producing brine shrimp eggs
CN102415356A (en) * 2011-08-22 2012-04-18 广东省昆虫研究所 Industrial cultivation equipment for insect larvae
CN202807922U (en) * 2012-09-03 2013-03-20 中国烟草总公司郑州烟草研究院 Small-batch cut tobacco sample dispersing and feeding device
CN103109972A (en) * 2013-02-26 2013-05-22 胡新军 Method for processing inapplicable tobacco leaves by musca domestica larva to prepare biological protein feed
CN203222344U (en) * 2013-05-13 2013-10-02 广州市金威龙实业股份有限公司 Rotary quantitative feeding device
CN203969188U (en) * 2014-06-06 2014-12-03 中国烟草总公司广东省公司 A kind of tobacco waste treating apparatus with maggot material separation function

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