CN104026048B - A kind of differential thermal formula seabed nutritive salt lifting device and method - Google Patents

A kind of differential thermal formula seabed nutritive salt lifting device and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104026048B
CN104026048B CN201410216550.7A CN201410216550A CN104026048B CN 104026048 B CN104026048 B CN 104026048B CN 201410216550 A CN201410216550 A CN 201410216550A CN 104026048 B CN104026048 B CN 104026048B
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China
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heat
sea
thermal
deep
heat collector
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CN201410216550.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104026048A (en
Inventor
吕明
闫旭
聂欣
潘华辰
屠汉超
刘海强
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杭州电子科技大学
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/60Fishing; Aquaculture; Aquafarming

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of differential thermal formula seabed nutritive salt lifting device and method.Device in the present invention comprises heat collector, Wave energy converter, working fluid delivery device, deep-sea to thermal and positioner, Wave energy converter is fixed on heat collector bottom, working fluid delivery device is communicated with and is fixed on Wave energy converter, and deep-sea is communicated with working fluid delivery device to thermal.Along with the fluctuating of wave, be transmitted back in the heat collector at top by from deep-sea to thermal cryogenic fluid water out continuously by being incubated pumping of cylinder barrel inner carrier in Wave energy converter; Force simultaneously in heat collector the high temperature refrigerant water that heats by solar energy be transported to deep-sea in thermal by heat-preserving hose, thus realize continuous circulation work.Heat energy of the present invention is from solar energy, and mechanical energy, from wave energy, has effectively saved the energy, and environmental protection.

Description

A kind of differential thermal formula seabed nutritive salt lifting device and method
Technical field
The invention belongs to marine technology equipment field, relate to a kind of differential thermal formula seabed nutritive salt lifting device and method.
Background technology
China coastal seas marine site has the richly endowed fishing ground of nearly 1,500,000 square kilometres, and marine fishery resources is very abundant.But in recent years, China coastal seas ecotope sharply worsens, fishery resources slump of disastrous proportions, the economic fish of some in-shore fisheries fundamental form does not become fish news.Therefore improve Offshore Ecology environment, recover extremely urgent with expansion marine fishery resources.Artificial upwelling technology can form the vertical marine stream of seabed to sea by manual method.Upwelling can bring the nutritive salt that seabed is abundant into sea table photic zone, coordinates carbonic acid gas generation photosynthesis, is increase production as the phytoplankton of marine organisms food chain bottom, can creates the fishing ground ecotope of high-quality.
Artificial upwelling technology, except being applied to fisheries environment transformation, also has important practical meaning in fields such as harbour, river course ice, deep-sea minings.
Existing artificial upwelling technology mainly contains: to sea-floor relief transformation formed seamount range, under action of ocean current, produce upwelling, topography reform mode may to original seabed ecotope cause comparatively havoc and also engineering construction difficulty higher; Utilize water pump to aspirate bottom seawater and produce upwelling, water pump Smoking regime energy consumption is large and efficiency is low; By water-bed gas injection, bubble rises and drives seawater to gush a liter generation upwelling, and gas injection hoisting way needs to provide external gas source in ocean, thus easily increases complexity and the lability of system.
In addition application number be 201210000180.4 patent of invention disclose a kind of solar energy and wave energy of utilizing to promote the device of nutritive salt, this device adopt one under the wave action can Repeated Compression plastic, thermal-insulation water pocket by top layer by the hot water of solar energy heating by heat preserving conduit pipe be transported to be positioned at bottom give warm device.According to stating this device " the U-tube shape in is similar to upper port and closes ".During work, because two chambers of this insulation water pocket are almost in confined state under the wave action simultaneously, be equivalent to pressurize to the heat preserving conduit pipe at warm device two ends to U-shaped, be therefore difficult to realize described working medium circulation, the working-medium water flow efficiency in heat preserving conduit pipe is not high simultaneously.And insulation water pocket only could work in a wave period in the process of compression of rising with ripple, can not realize continuous transfusion process.Therefore this device energy utilization efficiency is not high.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to for the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of differential thermal formula seabed nutritive salt lifting device and method for improving thereof are provided.
For above-mentioned technical problem, solution of the present invention is:
A kind of differential thermal formula seabed nutritive salt lifting device, comprise heat collector, Wave energy converter, working fluid delivery device, deep-sea to thermal and positioner, Wave energy converter is fixed on heat collector bottom, working fluid delivery device is communicated with and is fixed on Wave energy converter, and deep-sea is communicated with working fluid delivery device to thermal.
Described heat collector comprises condensing glass cover, lined ceramics cover, heat insulation chassis, float; It is wherein air heat-insulation layer between condensing glass cover and lined ceramics cover, water is filled with between lined ceramics cover and heat insulation chassis, heat insulation chassis central authorities have hole and Wave energy converter is fixed, and both sides, heat insulation chassis have hole and are communicated with working fluid delivery device, and described float is hollow ring structure; Condensing glass cover, lined ceramics cover, heat insulation chassis, float are bolted; Described condensing glass cover outer surface is coated with anti-reflection film, and lined ceramics cover outer surface is coated with solar energy absorbing coating, and heat insulation chassis upper and lower surface all scribbles thermal insulation coat.
Described Wave energy converter comprises double acting insulation cylinder barrel, piston, piston rod, location float, and wherein piston rod is connected with heat collector by universal joint, and location float is nested in double acting insulation cylinder barrel lower end.
Described working fluid delivery device, comprise one group of heat-preserving hose, four check valves, the upper end intake-outlet that wherein the first check valve and the second check valve are incubated cylinder barrel respectively with double acting is communicated with, 3rd check valve and the 4th check valve are incubated cylinder barrel lower end intake-outlet respectively and are communicated with double acting, total intake-outlet of heat-preserving hose is communicated with heat collector by self-tightening clip.
Described deep-sea is a kind of spiral copper pipe to thermal, and spiral copper pipe is by can the clip of self-tightening be connected with heat-preserving hose.
Furtherly, described heat-preserving hose surface scribbles heat insulating coatings, and its length is determined according to actual needs.
Utilize said apparatus to promote the method for liquid, comprise the following steps:
Step 1, the heat collector be positioned on sea absorb solar energy and are converted into heat energy, the water in heating ceramic cover lower lumen, and its temperature is raised.
Step 2, heat collector fluctuate with wave of the sea, drive the piston of wave energy converter device to do piston movement in double acting insulation cylinder barrel; Deep-sea is risen back heat collector to the cryogenic fluid water extraction completing abundant heat trnasfer in thermal by working fluid delivery device and heats by piston movement; Force the high temperature refrigerant water in heat collector to be transported to deep-sea to thermal simultaneously, and release heat by heat trnasfer; Thus form the circulation of a continuous operation.
After step 3, bathypelagic are heated to the seawater around warm device, density diminishes, and naturally will rise, thus produce upwelling under buoyancy lift effect.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
Heat energy of the present invention is from solar energy, and mechanical energy, from wave energy, has effectively saved the energy, and environmental protection;
The present invention can utilize wave energy to realize the continuous conveying process of working medium, and energy utilization efficiency is higher, and installation lays conveniently.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing 1 is apparatus of the present invention structural representation.
Accompanying drawing 2 is heat collector cutaway view.
Accompanying drawing 3 is pipeline connection diagram of the present invention.
Reference numeral in figure is: 1 condensing glass cover; 2 lined ceramics covers; 3 heat insulating metal plates; 4 floats; 5 bolts; 6 piston rods; 7 first check valves; 8 second check valves; 9 the 3rd check valves; 10 the 4th check valves; 11 double acting insulation cylinder barrels; 12 location floats; 13 heat-preserving hoses; 14 location anchor chains; 15 spiral copper pipes; 16 positioning anchors; 17 self-tightening clips; 18 universal joints; 19 pistons.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the invention will be further described.
As shown in Figure 1, 2, 3, a kind of differential thermal formula seabed nutritive salt lifting device comprises heat collector, Wave energy converter, working fluid delivery device, deep-sea to thermal and positioner.
Heat collector comprises condensing glass cover 1, lined ceramics cover 2, heat insulation chassis 3, float 4.It is wherein air heat-insulation layer between condensing glass cover 1 and lined ceramics cover 2.Water is filled with between lined ceramics cover 2 and heat insulation chassis 3.Condensing glass cover 1 outer surface is coated with anti-reflection film, and lined ceramics cover 2 outer surface is coated with solar energy absorbing coating.Heat insulation chassis 3 upper and lower surface all scribbles thermal insulation coat, and its central authorities have hole and Wave energy converter is fixed, and both sides have hole and are communicated with working fluid delivery device.Condensing glass cover 1, lined ceramics cover 2, heat insulation chassis 3, float 4 are connected by bolt 5.
Wave energy converter comprises piston rod 6, double acting insulation cylinder barrel 11, universal joint 18, piston 19, location float 12.Piston rod 6 is connected with heat collector by universal joint 18, and location float 12 is nested in double acting cold wall tank 11 lower end.
Working fluid delivery device comprises one group of heat-preserving hose 13, four check valves, the upper end intake-outlet that wherein the first check valve 7 and the second check valve 8 and double acting are incubated cylinder barrel 11 is communicated with, 3rd check valve 9 is communicated with double acting cold wall tank 11 lower end intake-outlet with the 4th check valve 10, and total intake-outlet of heat-preserving hose 13 is by can the clip 17 of self-tightening be communicated with heat collector.
Deep-sea is a kind of spiral copper pipe 15 to thermal, and spiral copper pipe 15 is by can the clip 17 of self-tightening be connected with heat-preserving hose 13.
The present invention when installation lays, according to heat collector Height Adjustment location anchor chain 14(bottom positioning anchor 16 is housed) length guarantee that wave energy converter device can effectively work.Whole Wave energy converter is all positioned under water, and location float 12 determines the height and position of Wave energy converter jointly with location anchor chain 14.Piston rod 6 is connected with heat collector by universal joint 18, the horizontal direction having small scale between Wave energy converter and heat collector can be allowed like this to offset, better can adapt to marine environment.
When heat collector floats with wave, piston 19 is driven to move upward, now the first check valve 7 and the 4th check valve 10 are opened, second check valve 8 and the 3rd check valve 9 are closed, in double acting insulation cylinder barrel 11, the cryogenic fluid water be positioned in upper piston area space is transported to heat collector by the first check valve 7, to be transported to inside the space being positioned at piston lower portion in insulation cylinder barrel 11 by the 4th check valve 10 to thermal cryogenic fluid water out from deep-sea simultaneously.
When heat collector is floated downward with wave, piston 19 is driven to move downward, now the second check valve 8 and the 3rd check valve 9 are opened, first check valve 7 and the 4th check valve 10 are closed, in double acting insulation cylinder barrel 11, the cryogenic fluid water be positioned in piston lower portion space is transported to heat collector by the 3rd check valve 9, to be transported to inside the space being positioned at upper piston area in insulation cylinder barrel 11 by the second check valve 8 to thermal cryogenic fluid water out from deep-sea simultaneously.
Thus along with the fluctuating of wave, pumping and can be transmitted back in the heat collector at top by from deep-sea to thermal cryogenic fluid water out continuously by insulation cylinder barrel 11 inner carrier 19; Force simultaneously in heat collector the high temperature refrigerant water that heats by solar energy be transported to deep-sea in thermal by heat-preserving hose 13, thus realize continuous circulation work.
High temperature refrigerant water deep-sea to thermal by spiral copper pipe 15 and around the abundant heat trnasfer of seawater of low temperature, heat its surrounding seawater.After seawater is around heated, density diminishes, and naturally will rise, thus produce upwelling under buoyancy lift effect.

Claims (3)

1. a differential thermal formula seabed nutritive salt lifting device, comprise heat collector, Wave energy converter, working fluid delivery device, deep-sea to thermal and positioner, Wave energy converter is fixed on heat collector bottom, working fluid delivery device is communicated with and is fixed on Wave energy converter, deep-sea is communicated with working fluid delivery device to thermal, it is characterized in that:
Described heat collector comprises condensing glass cover, lined ceramics cover, heat insulation chassis, float; It is wherein air heat-insulation layer between condensing glass cover and lined ceramics cover, water is filled with between lined ceramics cover and heat insulation chassis, heat insulation chassis central authorities have hole and Wave energy converter is fixed, and both sides, heat insulation chassis have hole and are communicated with working fluid delivery device, and described float is hollow ring structure; Condensing glass cover, lined ceramics cover, heat insulation chassis, float are bolted; Described condensing glass cover outer surface is coated with anti-reflection film, and lined ceramics cover outer surface is coated with solar energy absorbing coating, and heat insulation chassis upper and lower surface all scribbles thermal insulation coat;
Described Wave energy converter comprises double acting insulation cylinder barrel, piston, piston rod, location float, and wherein piston rod is connected with heat collector by universal joint, and location float is nested in double acting insulation cylinder barrel lower end;
Described working fluid delivery device, comprise one group of heat-preserving hose, four check valves, the upper end intake-outlet that wherein the first check valve and the second check valve are incubated cylinder barrel respectively with double acting is communicated with, 3rd check valve and the 4th check valve are incubated cylinder barrel lower end intake-outlet respectively and are communicated with double acting, total intake-outlet of heat-preserving hose is communicated with heat collector by self-tightening clip;
Described deep-sea is a kind of spiral copper pipe to thermal, and spiral copper pipe is by can the clip of self-tightening be connected with heat-preserving hose.
2. a kind of differential thermal formula seabed according to claim 1 nutritive salt lifting device, is characterized in that: described heat-preserving hose surface scribbles heat insulating coatings, and its length is determined according to actual needs.
3. utilize the differential thermal formula seabed nutritive salt lifting device described in claim 1 to promote the method for liquid, it is characterized in that:
Step 1, the heat collector be positioned on sea absorb solar energy and are converted into heat energy, and the water in heating lined ceramics cover lower lumen, makes its temperature raise;
Step 2, heat collector fluctuate with wave of the sea, drive the piston of Wave energy converter to do piston movement in double acting insulation cylinder barrel; Deep-sea is risen back heat collector to the cryogenic fluid water extraction completing abundant heat trnasfer in thermal by working fluid delivery device and heats by piston movement; Force the high temperature refrigerant water in heat collector to be transported to deep-sea to thermal simultaneously, and release heat by heat trnasfer; Thus form the circulation of a continuous operation;
After step 3, deep-sea are heated to the seawater around thermal, density diminishes, and naturally will rise, thus produce upwelling under buoyancy lift effect.
CN201410216550.7A 2014-05-20 2014-05-20 A kind of differential thermal formula seabed nutritive salt lifting device and method CN104026048B (en)

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CN105093924B (en) * 2015-07-08 2017-07-11 浙江大学 A kind of air curtain lifts the control method of eutrophy salt deep sea water
CN105230539B (en) * 2015-10-28 2018-03-13 杭州电子科技大学 A kind of device and method that seabed nutritive salt lifting is realized using wind energy
CN105494183B (en) * 2015-12-04 2019-03-01 华东师范大学 A kind of enhancing marine carbon converges method and artificial flowing device

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JP4678992B2 (en) * 2001-06-13 2011-04-27 株式会社アイ・エイチ・アイ マリンユナイテッド Sea water pumping device and ocean fertilizer using the same
CN102138541A (en) * 2010-11-30 2011-08-03 杭州电子科技大学 Shallow sea pipeline seafloor nutrient salt gas injecting and elevating device
CN102524123A (en) * 2012-01-04 2012-07-04 浙江大学舟山海洋研究中心 Sea bed nutrient lifting device and method based on solar energy and wave energy
CN103210862A (en) * 2013-04-15 2013-07-24 浙江大学 Device for carrying out gas production and gas injection by utilizing wave force to hoist nutritive salt on seabed
CN103782935A (en) * 2014-01-10 2014-05-14 浙江大学 Adaptive-control artificial upwelling pipe
CN203827876U (en) * 2014-05-20 2014-09-17 杭州电子科技大学 Thermal differential type seafloor nutritive salt lifting device

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JP2003111532A (en) * 2001-10-02 2003-04-15 Masanori Funada Effective use of nutrient salt of sea bottom
WO2011021992A1 (en) * 2009-08-18 2011-02-24 Jackson Mark C Solar-powered upwelling pipe

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP4678992B2 (en) * 2001-06-13 2011-04-27 株式会社アイ・エイチ・アイ マリンユナイテッド Sea water pumping device and ocean fertilizer using the same
DE10342853A1 (en) * 2003-09-15 2005-04-07 Roger Handschuh Wave operated upwelling machine for feed of nutrient rich cold deep water into upper sea levels has hose with mixing module, a check valve, and a downwards hanging counterweight
CN102138541A (en) * 2010-11-30 2011-08-03 杭州电子科技大学 Shallow sea pipeline seafloor nutrient salt gas injecting and elevating device
CN102524123A (en) * 2012-01-04 2012-07-04 浙江大学舟山海洋研究中心 Sea bed nutrient lifting device and method based on solar energy and wave energy
CN103210862A (en) * 2013-04-15 2013-07-24 浙江大学 Device for carrying out gas production and gas injection by utilizing wave force to hoist nutritive salt on seabed
CN103782935A (en) * 2014-01-10 2014-05-14 浙江大学 Adaptive-control artificial upwelling pipe
CN203827876U (en) * 2014-05-20 2014-09-17 杭州电子科技大学 Thermal differential type seafloor nutritive salt lifting device

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Effective date of registration: 20210122

Address after: 710077 718, block a, Haixing city square, Keji Road, high tech Zone, Xi'an City, Shaanxi Province

Patentee after: Xi'an zhicaiquan Technology Transfer Center Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 310018 No. 2 street, Xiasha Higher Education Zone, Hangzhou, Zhejiang

Patentee before: HANGZHOU DIANZI University