CN104025794B - A kind of peanut combine - Google Patents

A kind of peanut combine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104025794B
CN104025794B CN201410241623.8A CN201410241623A CN104025794B CN 104025794 B CN104025794 B CN 104025794B CN 201410241623 A CN201410241623 A CN 201410241623A CN 104025794 B CN104025794 B CN 104025794B
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China
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fruit
roller
picking
seedling
picker
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201410241623.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104025794A (en
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王刚
于俊兰
杨合林
代新勇
蔡国营
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of peanut combine, comprise: frame, hitch frame, transfer gear box, picker, conveying collection assembling device, fruit-collecting box, clean separator, fruit collecting groove, it is characterized in that: described frame is supported by land wheel, frame front end is provided with picks up conveying plant, pick up conveying plant and be communicated to picker, fruit-collecting box is arranged on the top of picker, clean the bottom that separator is arranged on picker, and be communicated on fruit-collecting box by fruit elevator, this equipment is successively by picking up conveying, pluck fruit, clean separation, conveying collection dress step is automatically plucked fruit to peanut seedling fruit and collects, efficiency of crop is high, the peanut of results is clean, the impurity such as stalk are little, be applicable to very much home farm of current China and cooperative society's operation use, the scope of application is extensive, be not subject to the impact of soil property and planting patterns.

Description

A kind of peanut combine
Technical field
Patent of the present invention relates to cultivating peanut plucks fruit equipment automatically, particularly relates to a kind of plant equipment of carrying out combining for the shape peanut seedling fruit that paves after drying.
Background technology
Current, along with market is to the increase of peanut demand, the cultivated area of economic crops peanut is also in continuous expansion, particularly Central China area, peanut is the autumn crops of the preferred a large amount of plantation in many ground, for a long time, because peanut cultivation, results and processing are mostly by manually completing, labour intensity is large, efficiency is low, and artificial harvesting is clean, and drawback is various.In whole peanut production process, the recruitment of results link accounts for more than 1/3 of overall process, and operating cost accounts for more than 50% of whole peanut production cost; Particularly pluck fruit, traditional fruit of plucking manually plucks fruit for pure, and efficiency is extremely low, and cost is high, mechanical machine for picking fruits again ubiquity plucks fruit totally, goes out climing smooth, with weeds, and the shortcomings such as percentage of damage is high, the large-scale harvest machinery of external import is bulky, complex structure, and price is high, does not meet China's national situation.
Not only labour intensity is large but also operating environment is quite severe for peanut picking, and inefficiency, become the main bugbear restricting current peanut production.Although more existing peanut combines also can be packed up peanut and carry out plucking integration of operation such as fruit pack grade from underground, but this type uses limitation large: be first that this type can only operation in sandy loam or sandy soil ground, next to be planting patterns must be ridging formula or play ridge plantation, so just greatly reduces the scope of application of this machine; More crucially use the peanut of peanut combine results for wet fruit, water content is large, and peanut must carry out airing in time, otherwise fruit goes mouldy rotten very soon.If plant in a large number in flakes, even if airing condition reaches, also want a large amount of airing place; If use drying plant, the peanut water content just dug from the ground is very high, and fruit is large, shell skin depth, and need repeatedly to dry, consume a large amount of energy, cost improves.
Summary of the invention
For the problems of the prior art, the object of the invention is to provide a kind of peanut combine.The peanut that peanut shovel digging machine scoops up in the ground airing with after pick up through this reaping machine, pluck fruit, be separated, clean, collect dress after complete harvesting peanut process; The machine can support the use with medium-sized tractor, compact conformation, and cost is low, efficiency is high, solves a difficult problem for peanut contiguous plant results, and being applicable to very much home farm of current China and cooperative society's operation use, is the desirable agricultural machinery realizing peanut entire mechanization results.
In order to achieve the above object, technical scheme of the present invention is:
A kind of peanut combine, comprise: frame, hitch frame, transfer gear box, picker, conveying collection assembling device, fruit-collecting box, clean separator, fruit collecting groove, it is characterized in that: described frame is supported by land wheel, frame front end is provided with picks up conveying plant, pick up conveying plant and be communicated to picker, the afterbody of picker is in communication with the outside, can crushing straw be shed in ground, also a collection seedling case can be connected at the afterbody of picker, crushing straw is collected, fruit-collecting box is arranged on the top of picker, clean the bottom that separator is arranged on picker, and be communicated on fruit-collecting box by fruit elevator.
More detailed, pick up the front portion that conveying plant is arranged on frame, by feeding pressure roller, the prong of feeding pressure roller bottom, the back-connected arc-shaped partition of prong and seedling fruit enhancing tube composition, and arc-shaped partition is provided with the clearance groove of uniform arrangement, elastic claw roller is provided with inside arc-shaped partition, and the teeth portion of elastic claw roller is stretched out by the clearance groove of arc-shaped partition, the tail end of arc-shaped partition is connected with the lower wall of seedling fruit enhancing tube, be provided with lifting in this seedling fruit enhancing tube and take off chain, promoting the space taken off between chain and seedling fruit enhancing tube lower wall is seedling fruit conveying space, like this, ground peanut seedling fruit is transported in the seedling fruit enhancing tube of rear end by the elastic claw roller on arc-shaped partition by prong, and taken off chain be transported in the first fruit-picking-up roller by the lifting in seedling fruit enhancing tube, if seedling fruit had occurred overturning and overstocked phenomenon before entering in seedling fruit enhancing tube, upset and the seedling overstock fruit can be transported in seedling fruit enhancing tube by feeding pressure roller further.
More detailed, picker comprises the first fruit-picking-up roller and the second fruit-picking-up roller, first fruit-picking-up roller and the second fruit-picking-up roller are propellers toothing, and both be arranged in parallel, first fruit-picking-up roller is shorter than the second fruit-picking-up roller, the place of being interconnected is provided with port, the arrival end of the first fruit-picking-up roller is connected with the port of export of the seedling fruit enhancing tube picking up conveying plant, the second fruit-picking-up roller port of export is in communication with the outside, also can be connected with collection seedling case, the bottom of the first fruit-picking-up roller and the second fruit-picking-up roller is all arranged to grizzly bar and is combed, like this, first fruit-picking-up roller and the second fruit-picking-up roller pluck fruit process to peanut seedling fruit, and the peanut taken and crushing straw are drained on the vibratory sieve of lower end by grizzly bar comb, large stalk is shed on ground, or be transported in collection seedling case and collect.
More detailed, cleaning separator is vibratory sieve and induced-draught fan, this vibratory sieve rear end is latticed, front end is grizzly bar shape, the bottom of front end grizzly bar shape is fruit collecting groove, and the vibratory sieve after installing is low early and high after domatic state, vibratory sieve tail end is connected with eccentric wheel, eccentric wheel drives vibratory sieve to rock back and forth, can by stalk and peanut layering, fruit below, stalk is above, and tiny stalk powder and dust filter out by the fenestral fabric of rear end, induced-draught fan is arranged on the upper side of vibratory sieve, the wind pipe of induced-draught fan is connected with the external world, also can be connected with collection seedling case, the stalk sucking-off on upper strata is shed on ground by induced-draught fan, or be transported in collection seedling case and collect, peanut is bled in fruit collecting groove by the grizzly bar shape structure of front end.
Conveying collection assembling device comprises hair-dryer and fruit elevator, and Hairdryer pipeline is connected with fruit collecting groove, and fruit collecting groove is connected with fruit elevator, and fruit elevator is connected on fruit-collecting box.Peanut is blown in fruit collecting groove by fruit elevator by hair-dryer by this conveying collection assembling device.
Preferably, the two ends of described arc-shaped partition are provided with limited depth roller, and limited depth roller kiss the earth rotates, and the speed of travel is consistent with the speed of traction machine, by the rotation of limited depth roller, drive the rotation of elastic claw roller.
More at large, described rotation of picking up feeding pressure roller in conveying plant and elastic claw roller is driven by limited depth roller.
Preferably, transfer gear box takes off chain by chain or V band for promoting, the first fruit-picking-up roller, the second fruit-picking-up roller, induced-draught fan, hair-dryer, eccentric wheel provide power.
Preferably, seedling fruit adjusts the embedded depth of prong by adjustment limited depth roller in picking up is 2 ~ 5cm.
Further, during work, the embedded depth of prong is 3cm.
Preferably, described prong is sharp-tooth shaped triangular shape steel plate structure.The clearance groove described arc-shaped partition being provided with uniform arrangement is elongate in shape.
Compared with prior art, the structure of peanut combine provided by the invention is unusual, and it effectively solves a results difficult problem for peanut contiguous plant, and efficiency of crop is high, and the peanut of results is clean, and the impurity such as stalk are little, almost do not have; This reaping machine is very applicable to home farm of current China and cooperative society manages use, compact conformation, small volume, and the scope of application is extensive, is not subject to the impact of soil property and planting patterns, is the comprehensive desirable farm machinery realizing peanut entire mechanization results.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing 1 is the structural representation of this reaping machine.
Accompanying drawing 2 is the vertical view of accompanying drawing 1.
Accompanying drawing 3 is the locations of structures schematic diagram of picker in this reaping machine.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further described.
As Fig. 1, shown in 2 and 3, a kind of peanut combine, comprise: frame 15, hitch frame 3, transfer gear box 4, picker, conveying collection assembling device, fruit-collecting box 6, clean separator, fruit collecting groove 23, it is characterized in that: described frame 15 is supported by land wheel 13, frame 15 front end is provided with picks up conveying plant, pick up conveying plant and be communicated to picker, the afterbody of picker is in communication with the outside, or be connected on a collection seedling case, fruit-collecting box 6 is arranged on the top of picker, clean the bottom that separator is arranged on picker, and be communicated on fruit-collecting box 6 by fruit elevator 5.
Wherein, pick up the front portion that conveying plant is arranged on frame 15, by feeding pressure roller 1, the prong 20 of feeding pressure roller 1 bottom, the back-connected arc-shaped partition 17 of prong 20 and seedling fruit enhancing tube 16 form, and arc-shaped partition 17 is provided with the clearance groove of uniform arrangement, elastic claw roller 18 is provided with inside arc-shaped partition 17, and the teeth portion of elastic claw roller 18 is stretched out by the clearance groove of arc-shaped partition 17, the tail end of arc-shaped partition 17 is connected with the lower wall of seedling fruit enhancing tube 16, be provided with lifting in this seedling fruit enhancing tube 16 and take off chain 2, promoting the space taken off between chain 2 and seedling fruit enhancing tube 16 lower wall is seedling fruit conveying space.
More detailed, picker comprises the first fruit-picking-up roller 7 and the second fruit-picking-up roller 8, first fruit-picking-up roller 7 and the second fruit-picking-up roller 8 are propellers toothing, first fruit-picking-up roller 7 to the second fruit-picking-up roller 8 is short, and both be arranged in parallel, the place of being interconnected is provided with port, the arrival end of the first fruit-picking-up roller 7 is connected with the port of export of the seedling fruit enhancing tube 16 picking up conveying plant, second fruit-picking-up roller 8 port of export is connected with the external world, or be connected with collection seedling case 9, the bottom of the first fruit-picking-up roller 7 and the second fruit-picking-up roller 8 is all arranged to grizzly bar and is combed 11.
More detailed, cleaning separator is vibratory sieve 12 and induced-draught fan 14, this vibratory sieve 12 rear end is latticed, front end is grizzly bar shape, and the bottom of grizzly bar shape front end is fruit collecting groove 23, and the vibratory sieve 12 after installing is low early and high after domatic state, vibratory sieve 12 tail end is connected with eccentric wheel 10, eccentric wheel 10 drives vibratory sieve 12 to rock back and forth, and induced-draught fan 14 is arranged on the upper side of vibratory sieve 12, and the wind pipe of induced-draught fan 14 is connected with collection seedling case 9.
More detailed, conveying collection assembling device comprises hair-dryer 22 and fruit elevator 5, and hair-dryer 22 blower duct is connected with fruit collecting groove 23, and fruit collecting groove 23 is connected with fruit elevator 5, and fruit elevator 5 is connected on fruit-collecting box 6.
During specific works, this reaping machine is driven by tractor-drawn, power is exported by tractor motive power output shaft, reach peanut combine transfer gear box 4, drive lifting to take off chain 2, first fruit-picking-up roller 7, second fruit-picking-up roller 8, induced-draught fan 14, hair-dryer 22, eccentric wheel 10 by direction as shown rotation in accompanying drawing 1 by transfer gear box 4 by chain or V; Feeding roller 1 and elastic claw roller 18 are driven by limited depth roller 19.During work, by adjusting the height of limited depth roller 19, adjustment prong 20 embedded depth 2-5cm, be preferably 3cm, the peanut seedling fruit that lay dries on the ground is provoked by advancing prong 20 and carries rearwardly and upwardly, after running into the elastic claw on the elastic claw roller 18 in rotation, being picked up arcuately dividing plate 17 by elastic claw moves in seedling fruit enhancing tube 16 backward, wherein, overturn forward if any seedling fruit, pile up in by elastic claw roller 18 backward course of conveying, the seedling fruit overturning, pile up can be delivered in seedling fruit enhancing tube 16 and be with rearward by the feeding roller 1 of rotation again.Peanut seedling fruit in enhancing tube 16 is then upwards delivered in the first fruit-picking-up roller 7 backward by promoting the grilled teeth taking off chain 2, and what complete peanut seedling fruit picks up conveying.
More detailed, peanut seedling fruit is taken off chain 2 by the lifting space place taken off between chain 2 and seedling fruit enhancing tube 16 lower wall by lifting to be transported to back upper place.
Further, the seedling fruit be transported in the first fruit-picking-up roller 7 is plucked fruit for the first time, and peanut and broken rotten seedling bar drop on vibratory sieve 12 by the gap of grizzly bar comb 11; All the other larger most of peanut seedling fruits are sent in the second fruit-picking-up roller 8 from the first fruit-picking-up roller 7, carry out second time pluck fruit at this; The peanut taken and broken rotten seedling bar drop on vibratory sieve 12 through the gap of grizzly bar comb 11, larger peanut seedling is transported to the outside of the second fruit-picking-up roller 8 through the second fruit-picking-up roller 8 propellers tooth, and shed on ground, as the fertilizer of next long-term cropping, also a collection seedling case 9 can be connected in the outside of the second fruit-picking-up roller 8, peanut seedling is collected in collection seedling case 9, completes and pluck fruit process.
Further, vibratory sieve 12 is with action front-rear reciprocation movement by eccentric wheel 10, peanut on vibration screen and broken rotten seedling bar after vibration peanut under, seedling bar is evenly laid on screen cloth upper, because vibratory sieve 12 is low early and high after, peanut seedling fruit in vibration processes is forwards moved, tiny stalk powder and dust drain to below vibratory sieve by the fenestral fabric place of vibratory sieve 12 rear end, peanut drains in fruit collecting groove 23 by the grid list structure of front end, and the broken seedling bar of vibratory sieve 12 upper surface is siphoned away by induced-draught fan 14 and blows to outside, shed on ground, or be collected in collection seedling case 9, complete and clean separating step.
Further, the high pressure of hair-dryer 22 blowout of fruit elevator 5 other end is distinguished and admirable to be blown the peanut in fruit collecting groove 23 in fruit-collecting box 6 along fruit elevator 5, completes conveying collection process of assembling.
Be understandable that, above about specific descriptions of the present invention, the technical scheme described by the embodiment of the present invention is only not limited to for illustration of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that, still can modify to the present invention or equivalent replacement, to reach identical technique effect; Needs are used, all within protection scope of the present invention as long as meet.

Claims (8)

1. a peanut combine, comprise: frame (15), hitch frame (3), transfer gear box (4), picker, conveying collection assembling device, fruit-collecting box (6), clean separator, fruit collecting groove (23), it is characterized in that: described frame (15) is supported by land wheel (13), frame (15) front end is provided with picks up conveying plant, pick up conveying plant and be communicated to picker, fruit-collecting box (6) is arranged on the top of picker, clean the bottom that separator is arranged on picker, and be communicated on fruit-collecting box (6) by fruit elevator (5),
Pick up the front portion that conveying plant is arranged on frame (15), by feeding pressure roller (1), the prong (20) of feeding pressure roller (1) bottom, prong (20) back-connected arc-shaped partition (17) and seedling fruit enhancing tube (16) composition, and arc-shaped partition (17) is provided with the clearance groove of uniform arrangement, arc-shaped partition (17) inner side is provided with elastic claw roller (18), and the teeth portion of elastic claw roller (18) is stretched out by the clearance groove of arc-shaped partition (17), the tail end of arc-shaped partition (17) is connected with the lower wall of seedling fruit enhancing tube (16), be provided with lifting in this seedling fruit enhancing tube (16) and take off chain (2), the lifting space taken off between chain (2) and seedling fruit enhancing tube (16) lower wall is seedling fruit conveying space,
Picker comprises the first fruit-picking-up roller (7) and the second fruit-picking-up roller (8), first fruit-picking-up roller (7) and the second fruit-picking-up roller (8) are propellers toothing, first fruit-picking-up roller (7) is shorter than the second fruit-picking-up roller (8), and both be arranged in parallel, the place of being interconnected is provided with port, the arrival end of the first fruit-picking-up roller (7) is connected with the port of export of seedling fruit enhancing tube (16) picking up conveying plant, second fruit-picking-up roller (8) port of export communicates with the external world, and the bottom of the first fruit-picking-up roller (7) and the second fruit-picking-up roller (8) is all arranged to grizzly bar and is combed (11);
Cleaning separator is vibratory sieve (12) and induced-draught fan (14), this vibratory sieve (12) rear end is latticed, front end is grizzly bar shape, the bottom of grizzly bar shape front end is fruit collecting groove (23), and the vibratory sieve (12) after installing is low early and high after domatic state, vibratory sieve (12) tail end is connected with eccentric wheel (10), eccentric wheel (10) drives vibratory sieve (12) to rock back and forth, induced-draught fan (14) is arranged on the upper side of vibratory sieve (12), and the wind pipe of induced-draught fan (14) communicates with the external world;
Conveying collection assembling device comprises hair-dryer (22) and fruit elevator (5), and hair-dryer (22) blower duct is connected with fruit collecting groove (23), and fruit collecting groove (23) is connected with fruit elevator (5), and fruit elevator (5) is connected on fruit-collecting box (6).
2. a kind of peanut combine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the two ends of described arc-shaped partition (17) are provided with limited depth roller (19), described rotation of picking up feeding pressure roller (1) in conveying plant and elastic claw roller (18) is driven by limited depth roller (19).
3. a kind of peanut combine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: transfer gear box (4) by chain or V band for lifting take off chain (2), the first fruit-picking-up roller (7), the second fruit-picking-up roller (8), induced-draught fan (14), hair-dryer (22), eccentric wheel (10) provide power.
4. a kind of peanut combine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: seedling fruit pick up in by adjustment limited depth roller (19) adjust prong (20) embedded depth be 2 ~ 5cm.
5. a kind of peanut combine according to claim 4, is characterized in that: during work, the embedded depth of prong (20) is 3cm.
6. a kind of peanut combine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described prong (20) is sharp-tooth shaped triangular shape steel plate structure.
7. a kind of peanut combine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the clearance groove described arc-shaped partition (17) being provided with uniform arrangement is elongate in shape.
8. a kind of peanut combine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: this results airborne device has one to collect seedling case (9), and in described picker, the afterbody of the second fruit-picking-up roller (8), the wind pipe of induced-draught fan (14) are connected on this collection seedling case (9).
CN201410241623.8A 2014-06-03 2014-06-03 A kind of peanut combine Expired - Fee Related CN104025794B (en)

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