CN104023862B - Separate the system and method for diamond - Google Patents

Separate the system and method for diamond Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104023862B
CN104023862B CN201280039695.3A CN201280039695A CN104023862B CN 104023862 B CN104023862 B CN 104023862B CN 201280039695 A CN201280039695 A CN 201280039695A CN 104023862 B CN104023862 B CN 104023862B
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China
Prior art keywords
diamond
gloss
color
computer
plural
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Active
Application number
CN201280039695.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104023862A (en
Inventor
拉古地拉玛纳丹·纳塔拉詹
帕奇雅潘·拉哈玛纳兰
嘎纳帕西·拉真然
I·加尼
H沙·扎鲁克
阿迪亚帕达姆·库玛南
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Tai Tan Ltd Co
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Tai Tan Ltd Co
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Publication date
Priority to IN2041CH2011 priority Critical
Priority to IN2041/CHE/2011 priority
Application filed by Tai Tan Ltd Co filed Critical Tai Tan Ltd Co
Priority to PCT/IN2012/000431 priority patent/WO2012172573A2/en
Publication of CN104023862A publication Critical patent/CN104023862A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/34Sorting according to other particular properties
    • B07C5/342Sorting according to other particular properties according to optical properties, e.g. colour
    • B07C5/3425Sorting according to other particular properties according to optical properties, e.g. colour of granular material, e.g. ore particles, grain

Abstract

A kind of system 100 separating diamond includes that feed combinations 102, camera 302a, illuminator 302b and one rotate and branch mailbox mechanism 202.Feed combinations 102 has a vibratory bowl 103.Vibratory bowl 103 is connected to a vibrator mechanism (not shown).Vibrator mechanism is applicable to vibratory bowl 103.Vibratory bowl 103 is essentially a container, it is adaptable to storage diamond.Feed combinations 102 has a linear feeder 105, and it connects vibratory bowl 103 and rotates and branch mailbox mechanism 202.Camera 302a and illuminator 302b are arranged near the second end 105b of linear feeder 105.The program separating diamond by system 100 includes obtaining the demand of user and the demand of user being electrically stored in a guidance card, and feeding is connected in a computer 402 of the system 100 for separating diamond.

Description

Separate the system and method for diamond
[invention field]
Relate to jewelry manufacture in this embodiment disclosed, especially but be not limited to a kind of in the field that jewelry manufactures For separating the system and method for diamond.
[background of invention]
Jewelry industries emerges the most all over the world.Increase in demand to jewelry needs jewelry manufacturing industry optimization to manufacture pearl Precious method, produces more jewelry, to meet the expectation of client in short-term.Additionally, due to use expensive in jewelry Weight gem (such as diamond) is the most costly, therefore manufactures during the program of jewelry should avoid being likely to occur in manufacture jewelry There is any mistake, as classified gem or pack this kind of precious stone etc. according to gloss and color.
It is said that in general, in diamond gem manufactures, its classification is based on the brills of classifying such as color, gloss, clarity, cut Stone.At present, the classification of this diamond is to utilize GIA (American Gem association (Gemological Institute of America)) International diamond grading system is classified.Such as, the proprietary colour code using GIA is classified diamond according to its color.Colour code is opened Start from colourless highest ranking D, and staging up is to the zed of light color diamond.Similarly, GIA world diamond grading system tool Having the clarity grade of GIA and the cut grade of GIA, it is based on clarity and cut respectively to diamond of classifying.Additionally, in order to Diamond is classified to meet product requirement, it is therefore necessary to carry out the separation of diamond.At present, seem color, light according to its characteristic The characteristics such as pool, cut separate diamond manually to carry out.
Separable programming refers to, it is provided that the personage that is skilled in technique of the diamond of about the same size.Then, people are based on root The diamond color of grade and gloss according to GIA separate diamond.In above-mentioned manual program, although use the grade of GIA, but main If suggestions based on people separate diamond.Therefore, the separation of diamond still can not avoid mistake.
It addition, to be separated go out diamond less than 2.8mm may is that impossible, because the size of diamond can cause people difficult To identify its gloss.And, the manual program separating diamond described above needs suitable training, to provide people to possess necessity Technical ability combines.
Therefore, a kind of suitably and to automatically separate the system of diamond be in need.Diamond is being separated additionally, a kind of The system and method getting rid of disadvantages mentioned above in program is in need.
[goal of the invention]
The main object of the present invention is to provide a kind of system and method automatically separating diamond according to color and gloss.
It is a further object of the present invention to provide a kind of according to color and gloss classification and separate all sizes diamond be System.
It is a further object of the present invention to provide a kind of by eliminating mistake, classify according to color and gloss and separate The reliable system of diamond.
It is yet another object of the invention to provide and a kind of by having the personage activity classification of ordinary skill and diamond can be separated System.
[brief description of drawingsfig]
Figure of the present invention is painted in the accompanying drawings, and the reference letter that whole contents is similar to represents corresponding assembly in the various figures.From Beneath explanation and institute's accompanying drawings, will can be best understood from the specific embodiment of the present invention, wherein:
Fig. 1 is that display is for separating the system of diamond according to one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is according to one embodiment of the invention, describes to separate the flow chart of the method for diamond;And
Fig. 3 is according to another embodiment of the present invention, describes to separate the flow chart of the method for diamond.
[detailed description of the invention]
In the detailed content of the embodiment this shown and feature thereof with advantage, collocation institute's accompanying drawings and the following description, ginseng Examine the embodiment being not used to limit and will be explained more fully explanation.The explanation of well known components and process technique will be omitted, with Exempt from unnecessarily to obscure specific embodiment herein.Example as used herein is only intended to provide a kind of intelligible method way Footpath, it can realize specific embodiment and those skilled in the art can be made to realize specific embodiment.Although for example, it should be noted that certain A little specific embodiments are to describe for convenience and be used to illustrate about separating diamond, but are used as this system and separate Other assembly, only seldom maybe need not revise this system with regard to other assembly separable.Therefore, example should not be taken as limiting tool The scope of body embodiment.
A kind of system and method separating diamond is provided in the specific embodiment this shown.Additionally, concrete in this shown Embodiment provide a kind of can multiple speed transmission electric power traction machine.Furthermore, provide one to depend in the specific embodiment this shown Classify according to color and gloss and separate the system of diamond of all sizes.With reference now to graphic, the especially the 1st figure to the 3rd figure, Wherein similar label represents corresponding feature consistent in all figures, is also shown in specific embodiment.
1st figure is the specific embodiment according to the present invention, and display is for separating the system 100 of diamond.System 100 include into Material combination (feeder assembly) 102, camera (camera) 302a, illuminator (lighting system) 302b and rotation Turn and branch mailbox mechanism (rotary and binning mechanism) 202.Feed combinations 102 includes vibratory bowl (vibratory bowl)103.Vibratory bowl 103 is installed in gripper shoe 104.Vibratory bowl 103 is connected to a vibrator mechanism (not shown), Vibrator mechanism is made to be applicable to vibratory bowl 103.Vibrator mechanism is selected from being used for vibrating any tradition machine of vibratory bowl 103 System.Vibratory bowl 103 is a cup-like containers, it is adaptable to receive diamond.It should be noted that the description of the specific embodiment from the present invention can be bright Showing and find out, vibratory bowl 103 can have difformity or structure, also will not hinder the expectation function of system 100.This kind of have difference The vibratory bowl 103 of shape is the most within the scope of the invention.
Feed combinations 102 includes linear feeder (liner feeder) 105, and it has the first end 105a and the second end 105b.It addition, linear feeder 105 is provided to connect vibratory bowl 103 and rotate and branch mailbox mechanism 202.It is embodied as one In example, the first end 105a of linear feeder 105 is in the vicinity of vibratory bowl 103, and the second end of linear feeder 105 105b is positioned at the vicinity rotated with branch mailbox mechanism 202.Camera 302a and illuminator 302b are arranged near linear feeder 105 The second end 105b near.
Furthermore, rotate, with branch mailbox mechanism 202, there is rotor R.Rotate to further include with branch mailbox mechanism 202 and there is chest B2-B12 Plural gate G2-G12, gate G2-G12 respectively corresponding chest B2-B12.
In one embodiment, gate G2-G12 and camera 302a can be arranged on the first end near linear feeder 105 Near 105a.System 100 further includes computer and controller 402.In one embodiment, selected controller is FPGA Controller (programmable logic controller;PLC).But, controller 402 can include any other hardware Device or the combination of hardware unit or hardware or the combination of software service, its can reach under the one or more journey discussed Sequence, this kind of controller is also within the scope of the invention.Controller 402 is provided to all electromechanical assemblies of adjustment system 100 Function.Additionally, selected camera 302a is any conventional apparatus of color and the gloss that can be used to capture diamond.In an embodiment In, utilize several camera 302a to capture color and the gloss of diamond.In one embodiment, figure is used by camera 302a As treatment technology can obtain color and the gloss of diamond.In the image processing arts, the image of diamond can be obtained and be transmitted To controller 402.Additionally, controller 402 is provided with the information of the image about the diamond with various color and gloss.Again Person, controller 402 can arrange the diamond shadow comparing the diamond image with various color and gloss with obtaining from camera 302a Picture.
Illuminator 302b can be selected from any traditional system, and it can provide required illumination and assist camera 302a Capture color and gloss.
Explained below according to one embodiment of the invention, illustrate by system 100 to the method separating diamond.2nd figure According to embodiments of the invention, its flow chart describing to separate the method for diamond.The method is included in guidance card (guide Card) or in similar means (means), it is thus achieved that the demand (requirement) of user or final products (end product) with And electrically store user or the demand of final products.Instruct card be sent to seem oracle system computer 402 in.Have not The diamond having same size to be separated with color and gloss is placed on (step 501a) in the vibratory bowl 103 of system 100.This Outward, when starting system 100, vibratory bowl starts vibration, thereby, produces path (step for the diamond being placed in vibratory bowl 103 502a).Diamond is along with the first end 105a being arrived linear feeder 105 by path produced by vibration vibratory bowl 103.It addition, If diamond is coniform, then diamond can arrive linear feeder (step 503a) with the most contrary state, because diamond bottom surface Bigger than the surface area at top.Additionally, linear feeder 105a defines a groove path (groove path), in order to by diamond The second end 105b of linear feeder 105 it is sent to from vibratory bowl 103.Also, path and structure defined in linear feeder 105 (structure) can be different according to the shape of diamond.This kind of linear feeder 105 with different path structure also exists In the scope of the present invention.
When diamond arrives the second end 105b of linear feeder 105, it is arranged at the second end 105b of linear feeder 105 Neighbouring camera 302a and illuminator 302b capture color and the gloss (step 505a) of diamond.Additionally, camera 302a and photograph Institute's acquisition data (such as color and the gloss of diamond) is sent to computer 402 by bright system 302b.It addition, computer 402 compares The data obtained from camera 302a and illuminator 302b are sent to computer 402 with via guidance card or similar means The demand (step 507a) of user, and distribute to the specific identifier of diamond (step 506a).Furthermore, computer is by data transmission To controller 402, the data of the identifier of the most specific diamond classification.Also, the spy that controller 402 order rotor R is from G2 to G12 Fixed strobe distributes to belong to the diamond (step 508a) of particular category.Allocated gate G2 to G12 has specific chest B2- B12 can be used to store diamond (step 509a).This separable programming is persistently carried out, until all diamonds in vibratory bowl 103 are all By separate complete till.
3rd figure is according to another specific embodiment of the present invention, and it is the flow chart describing the program separating diamond.This program It is included in guidance card (guide card) or similar means (means), it is thus achieved that user or final products (end product) Demand (requirement) and electrically storage user or the demand of final products.Instructing card to be sent to seems oracle system Computer 402 in.There is different color and diamond that gloss has same size to be separated is placed on the vibratory bowl of system 100 In 103 (step 501b).Additionally, when starting system 100, vibratory bowl starts vibration, thereby, for being placed in vibratory bowl 103 Diamond produce path (step 502b).Diamond is along with being arrived linear feeder 105 by path produced by vibration vibratory bowl 103 The first end 105a.If it addition, diamond is coniform, then diamond can arrive position at linear feeder with the most contrary state Gate 1 (not shown) near the first end 105a of 105, because diamond bottom surface is bigger (step 503b) than the surface area at top.
It is positioned at the color (step of the diamond of the camera 302a near gate 1 and illuminator 302b acquisition arrival gate 1 504b), and by the data captured send to computer 402.Additionally, linear feeder 105a defines a groove path (groove path), in order to be sent to the second end 105b of linear feeder 105 by diamond from vibratory bowl 103.Also, be positioned at line Property the camera 302a of the second end 105b of feeder 105 and illuminator 302b capture the second end arriving linear feeder 105 The gloss of the diamond of 105b reads (luster reading) (step 506b), and sends institute's acquisition data to computer 402. It is positioned at the camera 302a near the first end 105a of linear feeder 105 it addition, computer 402 compares (508b) and is positioned at linear The data that illuminator 302b near second end 105b of feeder 105 is obtained are sent with via guidance card or similar means Enter the requirement (507a) of user in computer 402, and distribute to the unique identifier (507b) of diamond (506a).Furthermore, meter Calculation machine transfers data to PLC402, and such as these data are the identifiers for specific diamond classification.Also, PLC402 order rotor The R specific gate from G2 to G12 distributes to belong to the diamond (step 509b) of particular category 508a.Allocated gate G2 arrives G12 has specific chest B2-B12 and can be used to store diamond (step 510b).This separable programming is persistently carried out, until vibratory bowl All diamonds in 103 all by separate complete till.
It should be noted that utilizing system 100 is to be provided for understanding that the present invention's is concrete real to separate the said method of diamond Execute example.But, the various actions in described method, as described in the 2nd figure and the 3rd figure content, can according to the order disclosed by description, Or according to different order or can carry out simultaneously.Additionally, in certain embodiments, can omit and the 2nd figure and the 3rd figure are listed Some actions.Therefore, above-mentioned specific embodiment and obvious any amendment according to this specification and figure are also in the present invention In the range of.
Describing the general characteristic of the embodiment fully disclosing this specification of embodiments above, other people can not take off Under general total concept, by the existing knowledge of application, the various application to certain specific embodiments are modified and/or change Compiling, therefore, such reorganization and amendment are it is contemplated that be comprised in impartial meaning and the scope of disclosed embodiment.Also answer Solving, wording or term that this specification is used illustrate that and unrestricted purpose.Therefore, although having been for more preferably having Body embodiment illustrates embodiments of the invention, but those skilled in the art, when can be without prejudice to present invention spirit and model Carrying out various variation on the premise of enclosing, its scope is to define in the appended claims.

Claims (4)

1. classification and separation are based on color and a system for the diamond of all sizes of gloss, and this system comprises:
One feed combinations, has the vibratory bowl and a linear feeder being applicable to receive plural number diamond;
One rotates and branch mailbox mechanism, has plural chest and plural number gate;
At least one camera, is provided for capturing color and at least one person of gloss of diamond;
One instructs card, its demand being configured to obtain final products and the electrical demand storing these final products, its In this guidance card be sent in a computer;And
One controller, its be provided for adjusting this feed combinations, this rotation and branch mailbox mechanism and this camera at least one The function of person;
Wherein, this linear feeder is provided to transmit this diamond and provide between this vibratory bowl and this rotation vanning mechanism Between a path;
The data captured are sent to this computer by this camera, and these data are at least one color and the gloss of diamond;
This computer is provided to compare these data sent from this computer, and these data are to be sent via this guidance card Enter the demand of these final products in computer;
This rotation be provided to branch mailbox mechanism to separate this plural number diamond, its color being based on diamond and gloss at least its One of person be divided into various classification;And
This controller is provided to the function adjusting this rotation with branch mailbox mechanism so that various types of other diamond is received respectively Receive in each chest.
2. the system as claimed in claim 1, further includes an illuminator, by providing required illumination, this illuminator by with Assist this camera to capture color and the gloss of diamond, and color and the gloss of institute's acquisition data such as diamond are sent to this calculating Machine.
3. the system as claimed in claim 1, wherein this rotation and branch mailbox mechanism further include a rotor, and it is provided for rotating This plural number chest.
4., for classifying and separating based on color and a method for the diamond of all sizes of gloss, the method comprises:
Receive the plural diamond with various color and gloss to a vibratory bowl of a feed combinations;
This plural number diamond is transmitted by a linear feeder of this feed combinations;
Capturing data by a camera, these data are at least one color according to this plural number diamond and gloss;
The demand obtaining final products and the demand electrically storing these final products instruct card, wherein this guidance card quilt to one It is sent in a computer;
The data relatively sent from this computer, these data are that this that be sent in this computer via this guidance card is final The demand of product;
Rotate and branch mailbox mechanism by one, this plural number diamond is separated into various classification;
By a controller, adjust this feed combinations, this rotation and branch mailbox mechanism and the merit of at least one person of this camera Energy.
CN201280039695.3A 2011-06-15 2012-06-15 Separate the system and method for diamond Active CN104023862B (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
IN2041CH2011 2011-06-15
IN2041/CHE/2011 2011-06-15
PCT/IN2012/000431 WO2012172573A2 (en) 2011-06-15 2012-06-15 System and method for segregating diamonds

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CN104023862A CN104023862A (en) 2014-09-03
CN104023862B true CN104023862B (en) 2016-09-21

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WO (1) WO2012172573A2 (en)

Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2840384B1 (en) * 2013-08-20 2020-06-17 SATT Gems AG Apparatus for the classification of colourless diamonds
CN105312251B (en) * 2015-11-09 2018-10-12 虞雅仙 A kind of water drilling inspection equipment
CN105521953B (en) * 2015-12-02 2018-12-28 虞雅仙 Water drilling production technology
GB2558247A (en) * 2016-12-23 2018-07-11 De Beers Uk Ltd Gemstone sorting

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SU1100249A1 (en) * 1980-11-20 1984-06-30 Организация П/Я А-3977 Machine for cutting glass tubes
US4951825A (en) * 1985-09-30 1990-08-28 Cra Services Ltd. Apparatus for classifying particulate material
DE4026691A1 (en) * 1990-08-23 1992-02-27 Michael Loebel Kg Measuring and sorting equipment for cut diamonds and precious stones - has measuring arrangement assigned to clamp(s) followed on sorter on conveyor
CN200941096Y (en) * 2006-04-28 2007-08-29 杨雅屹 Small fastening detector
CN101844137A (en) * 2010-05-26 2010-09-29 安徽捷迅光电技术有限公司 Color selector

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR1255469A (en) * 1960-01-27 1961-03-10 Acec Sorting facility
CN102596433B (en) * 2009-09-22 2015-05-27 永生制造厂有限公司 Diamond sorting system

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU1100249A1 (en) * 1980-11-20 1984-06-30 Организация П/Я А-3977 Machine for cutting glass tubes
US4951825A (en) * 1985-09-30 1990-08-28 Cra Services Ltd. Apparatus for classifying particulate material
DE4026691A1 (en) * 1990-08-23 1992-02-27 Michael Loebel Kg Measuring and sorting equipment for cut diamonds and precious stones - has measuring arrangement assigned to clamp(s) followed on sorter on conveyor
CN200941096Y (en) * 2006-04-28 2007-08-29 杨雅屹 Small fastening detector
CN101844137A (en) * 2010-05-26 2010-09-29 安徽捷迅光电技术有限公司 Color selector

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Publication number Publication date
WO2012172573A3 (en) 2013-03-28
EP2720810A2 (en) 2014-04-23
EP2720810A4 (en) 2014-12-03
WO2012172573A2 (en) 2012-12-20
CN104023862A (en) 2014-09-03

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