CN104019416A - High-light-effect LED automobile lamp - Google Patents

High-light-effect LED automobile lamp Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104019416A
CN104019416A CN201410270621.1A CN201410270621A CN104019416A CN 104019416 A CN104019416 A CN 104019416A CN 201410270621 A CN201410270621 A CN 201410270621A CN 104019416 A CN104019416 A CN 104019416A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
substrate
led
fin
spiral heat
light
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410270621.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
莫剑
卢跃树
许清淼
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
KUNSHAN FINESTAR PHOTOELECTRIC CO Ltd
Original Assignee
KUNSHAN FINESTAR PHOTOELECTRIC CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by KUNSHAN FINESTAR PHOTOELECTRIC CO Ltd filed Critical KUNSHAN FINESTAR PHOTOELECTRIC CO Ltd
Priority to CN201410270621.1A priority Critical patent/CN104019416A/en
Publication of CN104019416A publication Critical patent/CN104019416A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a high-light-effect LED automobile lamp which comprises a lamp cover and an LED assembly arranged in the lamp cover. The LED assembly comprises an LED chip and a substrate, the LED chip is welded to one face of the substrate, the other face of the substrate is provided with a plurality of spiral heat conduction fins, and the spiral heat conduction fins are located outside the lamp cover; the spiral heat conduction fins are outwards arranged in a layered mode with the center of the substrate as an original point, the spiral heat conduction fin located at the original point is the center fin, the center fin vertically and downwards extends, the spiral heat conduction fins located on the outer layer of the center fin are slant fins, the slant fins outwards extend relative to the center fin completely, and communicated heat dissipation channels are formed between the spiral heat conduction fins. The high-light-effect LED automobile lamp further comprises a light guide layer, and the surface of the lower side of the light guide layer is provided with a light reflection layer. By means of the technical scheme, heat generated by the LED chip can be directly transmitted to the exterior of the automobile lamp through the substrate, the structure is simple and compact, the heat exchange efficiency is high, and the light effect is improved.

Description

A kind of LED auto lamp of high light efficiency
Technical field
The present invention relates to lighting field, relate in particular to a kind of LED auto lamp of high light efficiency.
Background technology
The advantage such as LED is little with its volume, the life-span is long, energy consumption is low, vibration resistance, start-up time are fast has become the first-selection of young mobile light source technology.LED is a kind of injection lelctroluminescence device, and under the effect of extra electric field, the radiation recombination in electronics and hole is converted into luminous energy by part energy, and the vibration of the lattice of radiationless compound generation is heat energy by remaining Conversion of Energy.
For LED, in car headlamp, replace conventional light source, must possess high-power, high efficiency and operating temperature the high reliability of-40 ℃~125 ℃.In realizing these functional requirements, wherein a more formidable part is the problem of heat radiation, for single led, if concentrating in small-sized chip, heat can not effectively shed, can cause chip temperature to raise, cause the non-uniform Distribution of thermal stress, make chip failure.Therefore the temperature rise by reasonable heat dissipation technology control LED light fixture is that LED is in automobile key issue in the urgent need to address in headlamp application.
LED car headlamp is due to spatial limitation, the vibration in driving process in addition, and very high to the requirement of stability, these have all increased the heat radiation difficulty of LED car light.In the heat sink conception car light of most, add in addition heat-conducting plate or heat pipe, increased car light production complexity.
In addition, existing LED chip is arranged mainly with the form of rectangular array greatly, has limited rising angle, and light efficiency utilization rate is also not high enough.
Therefore, prior art need to improve.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to propose a kind of LED auto lamp of high light efficiency, the heat that LED chip can be produced is directly delivered to car light outside by substrate, and simple and compact for structure, heat exchange efficiency is high, and has improved the utilization rate of light.
For reaching this object, the present invention by the following technical solutions:
A kind of LED auto lamp of high light efficiency, comprise light cover, be located at the LED assembly in light cover, the substrate that described LED assembly comprises LED chip and is used to LED chip power supply, described LED chip is welded on the one side of substrate, the another side of substrate is provided with some spiral heat transmission fins, and spiral heat transmission fin is positioned at outside light cover; Described spiral heat transmission fin be take the center of substrate and outwards with stratiform, is arranged as initial point, be positioned at fin centered by the spiral heat transmission fin at initial point place, center fin extends straight down, being positioned at center fin outer field is oblique wing, the outwardly-bent extension of described oblique wing relative center fin forms the heat dissipation channel being communicated with between described spiral heat transmission fin; Also comprise optical waveguide layer, described optical waveguide layer is provided with the hole identical with LED chip quantity, and LED chip is arranged in described hole, and the downside surface of described optical waveguide layer is provided with reflector layer.
Wherein, described optical waveguide layer is fixedly connected with substrate.
Wherein, described spiral heat transmission fin and substrate are welded and fixed.
Wherein, the axis of described oblique wing and the angular range of substrate are 45~90 °.
Wherein, the end of described spiral heat transmission fin is in the same plane.
Wherein, described light cover periphery extend horizontally away a junction, and described connecting portion is provided with some screws, and described substrate is provided with screw, the screw of substrate is corresponding with the screw of connecting portion, and screw is realized light cover through the screw of connecting portion and the screw of substrate and is connected with base plate screw.
Implement the embodiment of the present invention, there is following beneficial effect:
The embodiment of the present invention by processing spiral heat transmission fin on the another side of substrate, greatly increased heat exchange area, expanded heat dissipation channel simultaneously, effectively improved the heat transfer rate on unit heat exchange area, therefore can better the heat of substrate be delivered to outside light cover by spiral heat transmission fin.Further, spiral heat transmission fin is layered arrangement, by heat transmission fin is made as to helical form, with respect to conventional fin, has further increased area of dissipation, and skin is made as oblique wing and further increased heat transfer extended surface, has effectively strengthened heat dispersion.The heat that LED chip produces is directly delivered to car light outside by substrate, by oblique wing, is delivered in the air of the outside convection current of car light, and simple and compact equipment structure, heat exchange efficiency is high, stable performance; In addition, by establishing optical waveguide layer, the downside surface of described optical waveguide layer is established reflector layer, and the light that LED chip sends is entered after optical waveguide layer, after the reflection of reflector layer, penetrates, and has improved light efficiency.
Accompanying drawing explanation
In order to be illustrated more clearly in the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, to the accompanying drawing of required use in embodiment or description of the Prior Art be briefly described below, apparently, the accompanying drawing the following describes is only some embodiments of the present invention, for those of ordinary skills, do not paying under the prerequisite of creative work, can also obtain according to these accompanying drawings other accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of LED auto lamp of a kind of high light efficiency of first embodiment of the invention.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing of the present invention, technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out to clear, complete description, obviously, described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiment.Embodiment based in the present invention, the every other embodiment that those of ordinary skills obtain under the prerequisite of not making creative work, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
In conjunction with Fig. 1, the first embodiment of the present invention is described.
The LED auto lamp of the high light efficiency of the present embodiment, comprises light cover 1, is located at the LED assembly in light cover 1, the substrate 3 that described LED assembly specifically comprises some LED chips 2 and is used to each LED chip 2 power supplies.Described LED chip 2 is welded on the one side of substrate 3, and the another side of substrate 3 is provided with some spiral heat transmission fins 4, and spiral heat transmission fin 4 is positioned at outside light cover 1.Described spiral heat transmission fin 4 is outwards radial centered by substrate 3 central points, concrete, described spiral heat transmission fin 4 be take the center of substrate 3 and outwards with stratiform, is arranged as initial point, be positioned at fin centered by the spiral heat transmission fin 4 at initial point place, center fin extends straight down, being positioned at center fin outer field is oblique wing, and the relative center of described oblique wing fin outwards radiates extension, forms the heat dissipation channel being communicated with between described spiral heat transmission fin 4.By heat transmission fin 4 is made as to helical form, with respect to conventional fin, further increased area of dissipation.Further, the LED auto lamp of the present embodiment also comprises optical waveguide layer 5, and described optical waveguide layer 5 is fixedly connected with to prevent to be shifted in driving process with substrate 3.Described optical waveguide layer 5 is provided with the hole identical with LED chip 2 quantity, and LED chip 2 is arranged in described hole, and the downside surface of described optical waveguide layer 5 is provided with reflector layer, and described reflector layer can be the reflectorized material that is coated in optical waveguide layer 5 lower surfaces.By establishing optical waveguide layer, the downside surface of described optical waveguide layer is established reflector layer, and the light that LED chip sends is entered after optical waveguide layer, after the reflection of reflector layer, penetrates, and has improved light efficiency.
Preferably, in the present embodiment, spiral heat transmission fin 4 is welded and fixed with substrate 3, and heat transfer efficiency is high.
Preferably, the present embodiment Zhong center fin is perpendicular to substrate 3, outer field oblique wing tilts to extend along its root and substrate 3 center line connecting directions and towards the direction away from substrate 3 centers, and the angular range of the axis of described oblique wing and substrate 3 is 45~90, compare vertical fin, oblique wing is set and can have effectively expanded heat transfer area, improve heat dispersion.
Further, LED chip 2 directly welds with the side that substrate 3 is not established spiral heat transmission fin 4, the shape of substrate 3 matches with light cover 1 opening, the periphery of described light cover 1 opening extend horizontally away a junction, described connecting portion is provided with some screws, described substrate 3 is provided with screw, and the screw of substrate 3 is corresponding with the screw of connecting portion, and screw is realized light cover 1 through the screw of connecting portion with the screw of substrate 3 and is connected with substrate 3 screws.Therefore the heat that LED chip 2 produces is directly delivered to car light outside by substrate 3, by spiral heat transmission fin 4, is delivered to the heat exchange of car light outside air convection, and dissipation of heat is gone out.
Therefore further, the end of the heat transmission fin of spiral described in the present embodiment 4 is all in the same plane, also can be as required at the end of described spiral heat transmission fin 4, connects with heat sink, further to improve heat dispersion.
Pass through above-described embodiment, by processing spiral heat transmission fin 4 on the another side at substrate 3, greatly increased heat exchange area, expanded heat dissipation channel simultaneously, effectively improved the heat transfer rate on unit heat exchange area, therefore can better the heat of substrate 3 be delivered to outside light cover 1 by spiral heat transmission fin 4.Further, spiral heat transmission fin 4 is layered arrangement, and skin is made as oblique wing and further increased heat transfer extended surface, has effectively strengthened heat dispersion.The heat that LED chip produces is directly delivered to car light outside by substrate 3, by oblique wing, is delivered in the air of the outside convection current of car light, and simple and compact equipment structure, heat exchange efficiency is high, stable performance; By establishing optical waveguide layer, at the downside surface of optical waveguide layer, establish reflector layer, the light that LED chip sends is entered after optical waveguide layer, after the reflection of reflector layer, penetrate, improved light efficiency.
Above disclosed is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, certainly can not limit with this claim scope of the present invention, therefore, all any modifications of doing within the spirit and principles in the present invention, be equal to and replace and improvement etc., still belong to the scope that the present invention is contained.

Claims (6)

1. the LED auto lamp of a high light efficiency, comprise light cover (1), be located at the LED assembly in light cover (1), it is characterized in that, the substrate (3) that described LED assembly comprises LED chip (2) and is used to LED chip (2) power supply, described LED chip (2) is welded on the one side of substrate (3), the another side of substrate (3) is provided with some spiral heat transmission fins (4), and spiral heat transmission fin (4) is positioned at outside light cover (1); Described spiral heat transmission fin (4) be take the center of substrate (3) and outwards with stratiform, is arranged as initial point, be positioned at fin centered by the spiral heat transmission fin (4) at initial point place, the axis of center fin straight down, being positioned at center fin outer field is oblique wing, the outward-dipping extension of the relative center of axis fin of described oblique wing forms the heat dissipation channel being communicated with between described spiral heat transmission fin (4); Also comprise optical waveguide layer (5), described optical waveguide layer (5) is provided with the hole identical with LED chip (2) quantity, and LED chip (2) is arranged in described hole, and the downside surface of described optical waveguide layer (5) is provided with reflector layer.
2. LED auto lamp according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described optical waveguide layer (5) is fixedly connected with substrate (3).
3. LED auto lamp according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described spiral heat transmission fin (4) is welded and fixed with substrate (3).
4. LED auto lamp according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the angular range of the axis of described oblique wing and substrate (3) is 45~90 °.
5. LED auto lamp according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the end of described spiral heat transmission fin (4) is in the same plane.
6. LED auto lamp according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described light cover (1) periphery extend horizontally away a junction, described connecting portion is provided with some screws, described substrate (3) is provided with screw, the screw of substrate (3) is corresponding with the screw of connecting portion, and screw is realized light cover (1) through the screw of connecting portion with the screw of substrate (3) and is connected with substrate (3) screw.
CN201410270621.1A 2014-06-17 2014-06-17 High-light-effect LED automobile lamp Pending CN104019416A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410270621.1A CN104019416A (en) 2014-06-17 2014-06-17 High-light-effect LED automobile lamp

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410270621.1A CN104019416A (en) 2014-06-17 2014-06-17 High-light-effect LED automobile lamp

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104019416A true CN104019416A (en) 2014-09-03

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109630991A (en) * 2019-01-16 2019-04-16 高建文 A kind of LED illumination device of the good heat dissipation effect for indoor square

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101832502A (en) * 2010-05-24 2010-09-15 东南大学 LED automobile lamp
CN203595106U (en) * 2013-12-11 2014-05-14 重庆亮康光电科技有限公司 Spiral-convection heat dissipation type LED lamp tube
CN103791449A (en) * 2012-10-30 2014-05-14 林咨佑 Flat light guide module
CN203940333U (en) * 2014-06-17 2014-11-12 昆山天重星光电科技有限公司 A kind of LED auto lamp of high light efficiency

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101832502A (en) * 2010-05-24 2010-09-15 东南大学 LED automobile lamp
CN103791449A (en) * 2012-10-30 2014-05-14 林咨佑 Flat light guide module
CN203595106U (en) * 2013-12-11 2014-05-14 重庆亮康光电科技有限公司 Spiral-convection heat dissipation type LED lamp tube
CN203940333U (en) * 2014-06-17 2014-11-12 昆山天重星光电科技有限公司 A kind of LED auto lamp of high light efficiency

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109630991A (en) * 2019-01-16 2019-04-16 高建文 A kind of LED illumination device of the good heat dissipation effect for indoor square
CN109630991B (en) * 2019-01-16 2020-10-30 永康市恒纽工贸有限公司 LED lighting equipment with good heat dissipation effect for indoor square

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Application publication date: 20140903

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