CN104017919B - Pipeline system Pneumatic leather Thermal press binding machine and production technique thereof - Google Patents

Pipeline system Pneumatic leather Thermal press binding machine and production technique thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104017919B
CN104017919B CN201410293539.0A CN201410293539A CN104017919B CN 104017919 B CN104017919 B CN 104017919B CN 201410293539 A CN201410293539 A CN 201410293539A CN 104017919 B CN104017919 B CN 104017919B
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power switch
leather
pressing plate
pipeline
conveying belt
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CN104017919A (en
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孔令泽
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International Leatherware Of Sichuan Fei Yiou Co Ltd
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International Leatherware Of Sichuan Fei Yiou Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of pipeline system Pneumatic leather Thermal press binding machine, comprise electro-mechanical parts and control section, electro-mechanical parts comprises top rack and lower bearing bracket, top rack, the end of two cylinder piston rods is fixedly installed a pressing plate, is provided with heating unit above pressing plate; Lower bearing bracket is provided with conveying belt, and conveying belt is connected by the motor power of chain with the band wheel box being arranged on lower bearing bracket.Also disclose a kind of production technique of this machine, comprise working method and Heating temperature, pressing pressure, pressing heat-up time etc.Adopt leather and the lining cloth of this bonder and the raw pressing of production technique thereof, bond very firm, be difficult to be separated; Leather and shrinkable material that is heated can not buckling deformations; Conforming product rate has been brought up to 90 ~ 100% by the present invention.

Description

Pipeline system Pneumatic leather Thermal press binding machine and production technique thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to leather bonds technical field.
Background technology
Traditional leather pressing pattern has: artificial pressing and drum-type pressing.First kind of way efficiency is low, within one hour, is 600, pressing weak effect.Second way efficiency is high, but pressing effect is bad, and the leather of pressing is easily separated with lining cloth.And all heated due to up-down roller, leather does not heat yet and then cools again, and leather is different with the coefficient of thermal expansion and contraction of lining cloth, and be particularly heated shrinkable material, causes the leather after processing or previous materials generation buckling deformation.This distortion is irreversible, therefore directly causes waste product.Qualification rate only has 80-90%.
Summary of the invention
The present invention aims to provide a kind of pipeline system Pneumatic leather Thermal press binding machine and production technique thereof, the following technical problem to solve:
1) existing two kinds of leather press-fitting mould formula pressing effects are bad, the easy problem be separated with lining cloth of leather of pressing;
2) problem of the leather generation buckling deformation of drum-type pressing;
3) shrinkable material that is heated of drum-type pressing is in the problem adding trade union's generation buckling deformation.
To achieve the above object of the invention, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is: provide a kind of pipeline system Pneumatic leather Thermal press binding machine, comprise electro-mechanical parts and control section, electro-mechanical parts comprises top rack and lower bearing bracket, top rack, the end of two cylinder piston rods is fixedly installed a pressing plate, is provided with heating unit above pressing plate; Lower bearing bracket is provided with conveying belt, and conveying belt is connected by the motor power of chain with the band wheel box being arranged on lower bearing bracket
Described control section comprises a five-way bidirectional electromagnetic valve, a timing register, a timing register power switch, an electric power switch, a motor drive direction change-over switch, a motor speed by-pass cock, a temperature regulator, a temperature regulator power switch, a temperature sensor, weather gauge, a total power switch and two emergency stop switches; Described heating unit is a hot plate driving circuit and four to eight hot plates; Hot plate is arranged on above pressing plate uniformly;
Five-way bidirectional electromagnetic valve is connected respectively to two cylinders, weather gauge and external air source, also with is successively electrically connected with timing register, timing register power switch and total power switch;
Motor with wheel box is electrically connected with motor drive direction change-over switch, motor speed by-pass cock, electric power switch and total power switch successively;
Temperature sensor is arranged on the central position of pressing plate, and be electrically connected with temperature regulator, temperature regulator electrical connection is electrically connected with temperature regulator power switch and total power switch successively, and temperature regulator electrical connection is also electrically connected with four to eight hot plates respectively by hot plate driving circuit;
Two emergency stop switches are connected with total power switch respectively.
Below the belt of pressing plate side, refrigerating unit is provided with in described conveying belt.
Described refrigerating unit is the cooling plate being provided with cooling-water duct, water-in and water outlet.
The leveling unit for levelling pressing plate is provided with between described piston rod and pressing plate, leveling unit comprises many levelling bolts and intermediate plate, intermediate plate is fixedly connected with piston rod, levelling bolt lower end is fixedly connected with pressing plate, upper end is connected with intermediate plate by two nuts, and two nuts are separately positioned on the upper and lower both sides of intermediate plate.
The cylinder of described conveying belt is respectively arranged with tension-adjusting gear, and tension-adjusting gear comprises the slide block of chute on lower bearing bracket and cooperation, and cylinder is arranged on slide block by bearing, and slide block inner side-wall abuts with governing screw.
Present invention also offers a kind of production technique of above-mentioned pipeline system Pneumatic leather Thermal press binding machine, comprise the steps:
A, unlatching total power switch and temperature regulator power switch;
After B, pressing plate reach design temperature, open timing register power switch, electric power switch, conveying belt and cylinder bring into operation;
C, put leather and lining cloth face on the conveyor belt, leather under, lining cloth is upper;
D, conveying belt start conveying, and when leather and lining cloth are transported to press plate position, five-way bidirectional electromagnetic valve obtains electric, and cylinder presses down, and during timer, after timing completes, cylinder 1 rises; E, tape transport, after the leather that pressing is good transfers out pressing plate 6, action completes;
F, repeating step C to E;
G, fulfil assignment after, close timing register power switch, electric power switch, temperature regulator power switch and total power switch.
The total pressure that described two cylinders produce is 500 ~ 900kg.
The temperature of pressing plate is set as 90 ~ 140 DEG C according to leather substance, the heat-up time of pressing plate to leather is 10-15 second.
Adopt leather and the lining cloth of this bonder and the raw pressing of production technique thereof, because pressing strength is large, be heated evenly, so bond very firm, be difficult to be separated; And owing to only having lining cloth one side to be heated, leather is not heated, and is even cooled, so leather and shrinkable material that is heated can not expand with heat and contract with cold, avoids the problem of leather buckling deformation, improves conforming product rate.Through above-mentioned two measures, conforming product rate brings up to 90 ~ 100%.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention, and figure center platen 7 is lifting status;
Fig. 2 is structural representation of the present invention, and figure center platen 7 is for falling state;
Fig. 3 is control section schematic diagram of the present invention.
Wherein, 1, cylinder; 2, top rack; 3, emergency stop switch; 4, intermediate plate; 5, levelling bolt; 6, heating unit; 7, pressing plate; 8, lower bearing bracket; 9, chute; 10, slide block; 11, bearing; 12, cylinder; 13, governing screw; 14, belt; 15, conveying belt; 16, supervisory control desk; 17, chain; 18, the motor of wheel box is with; 19, refrigerating unit.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the specific embodiment of the present invention is described in detail:
As illustrated in fig. 1 and 2, this pipeline system Pneumatic leather Thermal press binding machine, comprise electro-mechanical parts and control section, electro-mechanical parts comprises top rack 2 and lower bearing bracket 8, what top rack 2 stood upside down is provided with two cylinders 1, the end of two cylinder 1 piston rods is fixedly installed a pressing plate 7, is provided with heating unit 6 above pressing plate 7; Lower bearing bracket 8 is provided with conveying belt 15, conveying belt 15 is connected by motor 18 power of chain with the band wheel box being arranged on lower bearing bracket 8.
In order to can make leather to stronger cooling, below the belt of pressing plate 7 side, be provided with refrigerating unit 19 in described conveying belt 15.Described refrigerating unit 19 is for being provided with the cooling plate of cooling-water duct, water-in and water outlet.
In order to ensure leather and lining cloth, pressure is even everywhere, the leveling unit for levelling pressing plate 7 is provided with between described piston rod and pressing plate 7, leveling unit comprises many levelling bolts 5 and intermediate plate 4, intermediate plate 4 is fixedly connected with piston rod, levelling bolt 5 lower end is fixedly connected with pressing plate 7, upper end is connected with intermediate plate 4 by two nuts, and two nuts are separately positioned on intermediate plate about 4 both sides.
The cylinder 12 of described conveying belt 15 is respectively arranged with tension-adjusting gear, the slide block 10 that tension-adjusting gear 13 comprises the chute 9 on lower bearing bracket 8 and coordinates, and cylinder 12 is arranged on slide block 10 by bearing 11, and slide block 10 inner side-wall abuts with governing screw 13.
As shown in Figure 2, described control section comprises a five-way bidirectional electromagnetic valve, a timing register, a timing register power switch, an electric power switch, a motor drive direction change-over switch, a motor speed by-pass cock, a temperature regulator, a temperature regulator power switch, a temperature sensor, weather gauge, a total power switch and two emergency stop switches; Described heating unit 6 is a hot plate driving circuit and four to eight hot plates; Hot plate is arranged on above pressing plate 7 uniformly;
Five-way bidirectional electromagnetic valve is connected respectively to two cylinders, weather gauge and external air source, also with is successively electrically connected with timing register, timing register power switch and total power switch;
Motor 18 with wheel box is electrically connected with motor drive direction change-over switch, motor speed by-pass cock, electric power switch and total power switch successively;
Temperature sensor is arranged on the central position of pressing plate 7, and be electrically connected with temperature regulator, temperature regulator electrical connection is electrically connected with temperature regulator power switch and total power switch successively, and temperature regulator electrical connection is also electrically connected with four to eight hot plates respectively by hot plate driving circuit;
Two emergency stop switches are connected with total power switch respectively.
Conveniently operate, timing register, timing register power switch, electric power switch, motor speed by-pass cock, temperature regulator, temperature regulator power switch and total power switch are all positioned on a supervisory control desk 16, and supervisory control desk 16 is arranged on the bottom of lower bearing bracket 8.
Present invention also offers a kind of production technique of above-mentioned pipeline system Pneumatic leather Thermal press binding machine, comprise the steps:
A, unlatching total power switch and temperature regulator power switch;
After B, pressing plate 7 reach design temperature, open timing register power switch, electric power switch, conveying belt 15 and cylinder 1 bring into operation;
C, put leather and lining cloth on conveying belt 15, leather under, lining cloth is upper;
D, conveying belt 15 start conveying, and when leather and lining cloth are transported to pressing plate 6 position, five-way bidirectional electromagnetic valve obtains electric, and cylinder 1 presses down, and during timer, after timing completes, cylinder 1 rises; E, conveying belt 15 are carried, and after the leather that pressing is good transfers out pressing plate 6, action completes;
F, repeating step C to E;
G, fulfil assignment after, close timing register power switch, electric power switch, temperature regulator power switch and total power switch.
The total pressure of two cylinders is 500 ~ 900kg, and concrete size is determined according to leather area, and having realized producing pressure to leather is 18kg/cm 2be advisable.The temperature of pressing plate 7 is set as 90 ~ 140 DEG C according to leather substance, pressing plate (7) heat-up time to leather is 10 ~ 15 seconds.
Adjust temperature, motor speed, cylinder sequential and external air source pressure before starting production, if need to use refrigerating unit 19, then also need to get out cooling water source.
Production technique, the parameter of this machine are as follows:
(1) conveying belt speed is stepless time adjustment, and speed is 2 ~ 4 ms/min;
(2) heating unit 6 power is maximum 2000w, and pressing plate 7 temperature is decided to be according to leather substance between 90 ~ 140 DEG C);
The total pressure of (3) two cylinders is adjustable, and scope is 500 ~ 900kg; With 650kg, pressing plate 7 area 60cm*60cm, leather and lining cloth area 100cm2 are example, are 18kg/cm2 to the pressure of leather, and pressing plate is adjustable for the heat-up time to leather, is generally set as 10 ~ 15 seconds; When pressure is 18kg/cm2, be applicable to common all kinds of oxen, sheepskin.
(4) refrigerating unit 19 does not generally need to supply water for conventional material (general ox, sheepskin); For shrinkable material that is heated, need cooling, can external recirculated water, cooling-water machine or die heater, coolant water temperature is lower than 40 DEG C.Ensure that previous materials front (towards refrigerating unit 19) is that temperature is at about 60 DEG C in heating.
(5) production efficiency: 900 ~ 2000 slices/hour.
The leather of conventional drum type pressing machine pressing has buckling deformation, and conforming product rate is 80-90%, and the conforming product rate of the machine is 90 ~ 100%.
The present invention is not limited to above-mentioned example, and in claims limited range of the present invention, the various distortion that those skilled in the art can make without creative work or amendment are all by the protection of this patent.

Claims (8)

1. pipeline system Pneumatic leather Thermal press binding machine, comprise electro-mechanical parts and control section, it is characterized in that: electro-mechanical parts comprises top rack (2) and lower bearing bracket (8), what top rack (2) stood upside down is provided with two cylinders (1), the end of two cylinder (1) piston rods is fixedly installed a pressing plate (7), is provided with heating unit (6) above pressing plate (7); Lower bearing bracket (8) is provided with conveying belt (15), conveying belt (15) is connected by motor (18) power of chain with the band wheel box being arranged on lower bearing bracket (8); Described control section comprises a five-way bidirectional electromagnetic valve, a timing register, a timing register power switch, an electric power switch, a motor drive direction change-over switch, a motor speed by-pass cock, a temperature regulator, a temperature regulator power switch, a temperature sensor, weather gauge, a total power switch and two emergency stop switches; Described heating unit (6) is a hot plate driving circuit and four to eight hot plates; Hot plate is arranged on above pressing plate (7) uniformly;
Five-way bidirectional electromagnetic valve is connected respectively to two cylinders, weather gauge and external air source, also with is successively electrically connected with timing register, timing register power switch and total power switch;
Motor (18) with wheel box is electrically connected with motor drive direction change-over switch, motor speed by-pass cock, electric power switch and total power switch successively;
Temperature sensor is arranged on the central position of pressing plate (7), and be electrically connected with temperature regulator, temperature regulator electrical connection is electrically connected with temperature regulator power switch and total power switch successively, and temperature regulator electrical connection is also electrically connected with four to eight hot plates respectively by hot plate driving circuit;
Two emergency stop switches are connected with total power switch respectively.
2. according to pipeline system Pneumatic leather Thermal press binding machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in described conveying belt (15), below the belt of pressing plate (7) side, be provided with refrigerating unit (19).
3. according to pipeline system Pneumatic leather Thermal press binding machine according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described refrigerating unit (19) is for being provided with the cooling plate of cooling-water duct, water-in and water outlet.
4. according to pipeline system Pneumatic leather Thermal press binding machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: between described piston rod and pressing plate (7), be provided with the leveling unit for levelling pressing plate (7), leveling unit comprises many levelling bolts (5) and intermediate plate (4), intermediate plate (4) is fixedly connected with piston rod, levelling bolt (5) lower end is fixedly connected with pressing plate (7), upper end is connected with intermediate plate (4) by two nuts, and two nuts are separately positioned on intermediate plate (4) both sides up and down.
5. according to pipeline system Pneumatic leather Thermal press binding machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the cylinder (12) of described conveying belt (15) is respectively arranged with tension-adjusting gear, the slide block (10) that tension-adjusting gear comprises the chute (9) on lower bearing bracket (8) and coordinates, cylinder (12) is arranged on slide block (10) by bearing (11), and slide block (10) inner side-wall abuts with governing screw (13).
6., according to the production technique of the pipeline system Pneumatic leather Thermal press binding machine described in claim 1 to 5, it is characterized in that, comprise the steps:
A, unlatching total power switch and temperature regulator power switch;
After B, pressing plate (7) reach design temperature, open timing register power switch, electric power switch, conveying belt (15) and cylinder (1) bring into operation;
C, put leather and lining cloth on conveying belt (15), leather under, lining cloth is upper;
D, conveying belt (15) start conveying, and when leather and lining cloth are transported to pressing plate (7) position, five-way bidirectional electromagnetic valve obtains electric, and cylinder (1) presses down, and during timer, after timing completes, cylinder (1) rises; E, conveying belt (15) are carried, and after the leather that pressing is good transfers out pressing plate (7), action completes;
F, repeating step C to E;
G, fulfil assignment after, close timing register power switch, electric power switch, temperature regulator power switch and total power switch.
7. according to the production technique of pipeline system Pneumatic leather Thermal press binding machine according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: the total pressure that described two cylinders (1) produce is 500 ~ 900kg.
8. according to the production technique of pipeline system Pneumatic leather Thermal press binding machine according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: the temperature of pressing plate (7) is set as 90 ~ 140 DEG C according to leather substance, pressing plate (7) heat-up time to leather is 10-15 second.
CN201410293539.0A 2014-06-25 2014-06-25 Pipeline system Pneumatic leather Thermal press binding machine and production technique thereof Active CN104017919B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106003691B (en) * 2016-06-06 2020-02-18 深圳新澳科电缆有限公司 Film laminating method
CN108891119B (en) * 2018-06-05 2020-08-25 广州益合康科技材料有限公司 Leather bonding device and production process thereof

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2189191A (en) * 1986-04-16 1987-10-21 Anver Leather finishing process
CN1036408A (en) * 1987-06-24 1989-10-18 海尔曼尤斯·斯奇墨科 The manufacture method of layered leather products and equipment
CN1814811A (en) * 2006-02-21 2006-08-09 青岛亨达集团有限公司 Seamless binding technology for leather product
CN203401770U (en) * 2013-07-11 2014-01-22 福建森源股份有限公司 Hot-press production line of veneers
CN203923219U (en) * 2014-06-25 2014-11-05 四川非意欧国际皮革制品有限公司 Pipeline system Pneumatic leather Thermal press binding machine

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2189191A (en) * 1986-04-16 1987-10-21 Anver Leather finishing process
CN1036408A (en) * 1987-06-24 1989-10-18 海尔曼尤斯·斯奇墨科 The manufacture method of layered leather products and equipment
CN1814811A (en) * 2006-02-21 2006-08-09 青岛亨达集团有限公司 Seamless binding technology for leather product
CN203401770U (en) * 2013-07-11 2014-01-22 福建森源股份有限公司 Hot-press production line of veneers
CN203923219U (en) * 2014-06-25 2014-11-05 四川非意欧国际皮革制品有限公司 Pipeline system Pneumatic leather Thermal press binding machine

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