CN104016773B - A kind of tea seed episperm is mushroom culture medium of raw material and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of tea seed episperm is mushroom culture medium of raw material and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104016773B
CN104016773B CN201410189807.4A CN201410189807A CN104016773B CN 104016773 B CN104016773 B CN 104016773B CN 201410189807 A CN201410189807 A CN 201410189807A CN 104016773 B CN104016773 B CN 104016773B
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raw
tea seed
mushroom
culture medium
seed episperm
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CN104016773A (en
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柯家厚
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Xupu Yinzhen Biotechnology Co., Ltd
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Hefei Fuquan Modern Agriculture Science And Technology Ltd
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Abstract

A kind of tea seed episperm is mushroom culture medium of raw material and preparation method thereof, it is characterized in that being made up of the raw material of following weight part: cotton seed hulls 45-50, tea seed episperm 30-35, furfural dregs 18-19, broad bean skin 15-17, dregs of beans 14-17, red clay 10-11, cottonseed meal 8-10, montmorillonite powder 7-9, Chinese yam 3-4, wind-weed 1-2, stem of noble dendrobium 1.5-2.3, bear tail grass 1.3-1.5, glutinous rice 120-130, garlicin 0.3-0.4, potassium fulvate 0.7-0.9, Xylo-Mucine 3-3.2, potassium sorbate 0.13-0.15, nutritional additive 8-10.Substratum of the present invention adopts multiple kinds of crops tankage as main raw material, achieve making full use of of resource, simultaneously, the red clay that the present invention adds, montmorillonite powder can be mushroom provides mineral substance, and garlicin has the effect of sterilization, make mycelial growth vigorous, shorten growth cycle, thus improve the quantity and quality of mushroom.

Description

A kind of tea seed episperm is mushroom culture medium of raw material and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to mushroom cultivation technical field, relating to a kind of tea seed episperm is mushroom culture medium of raw material and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Mushroom is second-biggest-in-the-world edible mushrooms, one of Ye Shi China special product, and it can only absorb nutritive substance from substratum, and its required nutrition of growing comprises carbohydrate and nitrogenous compound, and a small amount of inorganic salt and VITAMIN etc.Therefore, substratum has a great impact mushroom production and quality.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of tea seed episperm is mushroom culture medium of raw material and preparation method thereof, and the present invention has the high feature of mushroom quality that is nutritious, that cultivate.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
Tea seed episperm is a mushroom culture medium for raw material, it is characterized in that being made up of the raw material of following weight part:
Cotton seed hulls 45-50, tea seed episperm 30-35, furfural dregs 18-19, broad bean skin 15-17, dregs of beans 14-17, red clay 10-11, cottonseed meal 8-10, montmorillonite powder 7-9, Chinese yam 3-4, wind-weed 1-2, stem of noble dendrobium 1.5-2.3, bear tail grass 1.3-1.5, glutinous rice 120-130, garlicin 0.3-0.4, potassium fulvate 0.7-0.9, Xylo-Mucine 3-3.2, potassium sorbate 0.13-0.15, nutritional additive 8-10;
Described nutritional additive is made up of following raw materials in part by weight: waste paper 15-20, Oleum Bupleuri 0.1-0.2, acid-sludge 12-14, vitamins B 10.1-0.2;
Preparation method is: pulverized by waste paper, add the hydrochloric acid soln of 2%, solid-to-liquid ratio is 1:2, heated and stirred at 100 DEG C, reacts and adds sodium hydroxide solution after 0.5-1 hour, regulates pH to neutral, then Oleum Bupleuri, acid-sludge is added, carry out micronizing after concentrated oven dry, then mix with leftover materials, to obtain final product.
Described tea seed episperm is the preparation method of the mushroom culture medium of raw material, it is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) cotton seed hulls, tea seed episperm, furfural dregs, broad bean skin, dregs of beans are carried out micronizing after being exposed to the sun 20-22 hour;
(2) glutinous rice is poured in pot, add the dry rear taking-up of 1.1-1.2 poach doubly, break into mud;
(3) Chinese yam, the wind-weed, the stem of noble dendrobium, bear tail grass are added 4-5 water slow fire boiling 30-40 minute doubly, filter cleaner, collect filtrate;
(4) step (1), (2), (3) gained material are mixed with leftover materials, adding water is stirred to water content and reaches 65-67%, and then send in high-pressure sterilizing pot by material, at 121 DEG C, sterilizing was taken out after 20 minutes, was distributed in culture dish, obtained final product.
Bear tail grass in the present invention is the herb of labiate stone live chickens pin ginseng.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
Substratum of the present invention adopts multiple kinds of crops tankage as main raw material, achieve making full use of of resource, simultaneously, the red clay that the present invention adds, montmorillonite powder can be mushroom provides mineral substance, and garlicin has the effect of sterilization, make mycelial growth vigorous, shorten growth cycle, thus improve the quantity and quality of mushroom.
Embodiment
Tea seed episperm is a mushroom culture medium for raw material, it is characterized in that being made up of the raw material of following weight part (kilogram): cotton seed hulls 45, tea seed episperm 35, furfural dregs 19, broad bean skin 17, dregs of beans 17, red clay 11, cottonseed meal 8, montmorillonite powder 7, Chinese yam 4, the wind-weed 2, the stem of noble dendrobium 2.3, bear tail grass 1.5, glutinous rice 130, garlicin 0.4, potassium fulvate 0.9, Xylo-Mucine 3.2, potassium sorbate 0.15, nutritional additive 8;
Described nutritional additive is made up of following weight part (kilogram) raw material: waste paper 15, Oleum Bupleuri 0.2, acid-sludge 14, vitamins B 10.2;
Preparation method is: pulverized by waste paper, add the hydrochloric acid soln of 2%, solid-to-liquid ratio is 1:2, heated and stirred at 100 DEG C, reacts and adds sodium hydroxide solution after 0.5-1 hour, regulates pH to neutral, then Oleum Bupleuri, acid-sludge is added, carry out micronizing after concentrated oven dry, then mix with leftover materials, to obtain final product.
Described tea seed episperm is the preparation method of the mushroom culture medium of raw material, comprises the following steps:
(1) cotton seed hulls, tea seed episperm, furfural dregs, broad bean skin, dregs of beans are carried out micronizing after being exposed to the sun 20-22 hour;
(2) glutinous rice is poured in pot, add the dry rear taking-up of 1.1-1.2 poach doubly, break into mud;
(3) Chinese yam, the wind-weed, the stem of noble dendrobium, bear tail grass are added 4-5 water slow fire boiling 30-40 minute doubly, filter cleaner, collect filtrate;
(4) step (1), (2), (3) gained material are mixed with leftover materials, adding water is stirred to water content and reaches 65-67%, and then send in high-pressure sterilizing pot by material, at 121 DEG C, sterilizing was taken out after 20 minutes, was distributed in culture dish, obtained final product.
See the following form with mushroom culture medium of the present invention and existing mushroom culture medium mushroom culture comparative result
Item compared Shape of mushroom Regenerative power is strong and weak
Mushroom culture medium of the present invention Mushroom handle is short, and mushroom meat is thick By force
Existing mushroom culture medium Mushroom handle is long, and mushroom meat is thin Weak
Can draw from table: mushroom culture medium provided by the invention, through experimental cultivation, per kilogram mushroom culture medium results mushroom amount, than existing substratum volume increase more than 70%, and the mushroom handle of mushroom is short, mushroom meat is thick, and quality is high, and regenerative power is strong, turns stubble fast.

Claims (1)

1. tea seed episperm is a mushroom culture medium for raw material, it is characterized in that being made up of the raw material of following weight part:
Cotton seed hulls 45-50, tea seed episperm 30-35, furfural dregs 18-19, broad bean skin 15-17, dregs of beans 14-17, red clay 10-11, cottonseed meal 8-10, montmorillonite powder 7-9, Chinese yam 3-4, wind-weed 1-2, stem of noble dendrobium 1.5-2.3, bear tail grass 1.3-1.5, glutinous rice 120-130, garlicin 0.3-0.4, potassium fulvate 0.7-0.9, Xylo-Mucine 3-3.2, potassium sorbate 0.13-0.15, nutritional additive 8-10;
Described nutritional additive is made up of following raw materials in part by weight: waste paper 15-20, Oleum Bupleuri 0.1-0.2, acid-sludge 12-14, vitaminB10 .1-0.2; The preparation method of described nutritional additive is: pulverized by waste paper, add the hydrochloric acid soln of 2%, solid-to-liquid ratio is 1:2, heated and stirred at 100 DEG C, reacts and adds sodium hydroxide solution after 0.5-1 hour, regulates pH to neutral, then Oleum Bupleuri, acid-sludge is added, carry out micronizing after concentrated oven dry, then mix with leftover materials, to obtain final product;
Described tea seed episperm is the preparation method of the mushroom culture medium of raw material, comprises the following steps:
(1) cotton seed hulls, tea seed episperm, furfural dregs, broad bean skin, dregs of beans are carried out micronizing after being exposed to the sun 20-22 hour;
(2) glutinous rice is poured in pot, add the dry rear taking-up of 1.1-1.2 poach doubly, break into mud;
(3) Chinese yam, the wind-weed, the stem of noble dendrobium, bear tail grass are added 4-5 water slow fire boiling 30-40 minute doubly, filter cleaner, collect filtrate;
(4) step (1), (2), (3) gained material are mixed with leftover materials, adding water is stirred to water content and reaches 65-67%, and then send in high-pressure sterilizing pot by material, at 121 DEG C, sterilizing was taken out after 20 minutes, was distributed in culture dish, obtained final product.
CN201410189807.4A 2014-05-07 2014-05-07 A kind of tea seed episperm is mushroom culture medium of raw material and preparation method thereof Active - Reinstated CN104016773B (en)

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CN104261994A (en) * 2014-09-25 2015-01-07 安徽天都灵芝制品公司 Agaricus blazei murill medium with effect of infectious microbe pollution resistance and preparation method thereof
CN106083315A (en) * 2016-06-02 2016-11-09 蚌埠市蚌山区海上明珠家庭农场 A kind of Agaricus Bisporus mycelia earthing earth material
CN106083317A (en) * 2016-06-02 2016-11-09 蚌埠市蚌山区海上明珠家庭农场 A kind of beefsteak mushroom silk earthing earth material
CN106258482A (en) * 2016-08-09 2017-01-04 全椒县香妃农业专业合作社 A kind of Lentinus Edodes collagen cultivation matrix utilizing cinder to prepare
CN107810785A (en) * 2017-12-22 2018-03-20 枞阳县新农民农业种植有限公司 A kind of mushroom bacteria stick
CN108371056A (en) * 2018-03-21 2018-08-07 潍坊医学院 A kind of chrysanthemum culture medium

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1059457A (en) * 1991-10-22 1992-03-18 北京市营养源研究所 The manufacture method of nutriment from " Xianggu mushroom
US20080034453A1 (en) * 1999-05-06 2008-02-07 Nordine Cheikh Annotated Plant Genes
CN103508822A (en) * 2013-10-17 2014-01-15 安徽徽王食品有限公司 Flammulina compost containing oats and method for preparing flammulina compost
CN103724077A (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-04-16 凤台县千秋食用菌有限公司 Sorghum-skin-containing needle mushroom cultivation material and preparation method thereof
CN103739357A (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-04-23 颍上县鸿涛菌业专业合作社 Lentinus edodes cultivation material prepared by taking chrysanthemum straws as raw material and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1059457A (en) * 1991-10-22 1992-03-18 北京市营养源研究所 The manufacture method of nutriment from " Xianggu mushroom
US20080034453A1 (en) * 1999-05-06 2008-02-07 Nordine Cheikh Annotated Plant Genes
CN103508822A (en) * 2013-10-17 2014-01-15 安徽徽王食品有限公司 Flammulina compost containing oats and method for preparing flammulina compost
CN103724077A (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-04-16 凤台县千秋食用菌有限公司 Sorghum-skin-containing needle mushroom cultivation material and preparation method thereof
CN103739357A (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-04-23 颍上县鸿涛菌业专业合作社 Lentinus edodes cultivation material prepared by taking chrysanthemum straws as raw material and preparation method thereof

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