CN104016767B - Hypsizygus marmoreus substratum of a kind of starch-containing slag and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Hypsizygus marmoreus substratum of a kind of starch-containing slag and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104016767B
CN104016767B CN201410189800.2A CN201410189800A CN104016767B CN 104016767 B CN104016767 B CN 104016767B CN 201410189800 A CN201410189800 A CN 201410189800A CN 104016767 B CN104016767 B CN 104016767B
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Prior art keywords
hypsizygus marmoreus
powder
starch
slag
fecula
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CN201410189800.2A
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CN104016767A (en
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柯家厚
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Nanjing Xingxi Education Technology Co., Ltd
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Hefei Fuquan Modern Agriculture Science And Technology Ltd
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Abstract

Hypsizygus marmoreus substratum of a kind of starch-containing slag and preparation method thereof, is characterized in that being made up of the raw material of following weight part: fecula 30-34, pear tree wood chip 40-45, wheat straw 30-35, leaf of bamboo 15-18, rice chaff 20-22, groundnut meal 10-12, phosphate fertilizer 6-7, colliery powder 7-8, Ganoderma spore powder with cellular wall broken 1-1.5, phyllanthus emblica 1-1.1, Herba Cistanches 0.9-1, fructus amomi 1.3-1.5, Herba Adenostemmatis 1-1.1, sweet potato 150-155, Xylo-Mucine 3-3.5, potassium sorbate 0.15-0.16, nutritional additive 9-10.The present invention adopts fecula as main raw material, expand raw material sources, and it is nutritious, containing a large amount of starch, Mierocrystalline cellulose, hemicellulose, pectin etc., the crops leftovers such as collocation pear tree wood chip, wheat straw, simultaneously provide mineral substance by colliery powder, can meet needed for Hypsizygus marmoreus growth, make the Hypsizygus marmoreus quality that cultivates high.

Description

Hypsizygus marmoreus substratum of a kind of starch-containing slag and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to mushroom cultivation technical field, relate to Hypsizygus marmoreus substratum of a kind of starch-containing slag and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Hypsizygus marmoreus is a kind of saprophytic fungus, and solar energy can not be utilized to carry out photosynthesis, and it can only absorb nutritive substance from substratum, and its required nutrition of growing comprises carbohydrate and nitrogenous compound, and a small amount of inorganic salt and VITAMIN etc.Therefore, substratum has a great impact Hypsizygus marmoreus seed output and quality.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide Hypsizygus marmoreus substratum of a kind of starch-containing slag and preparation method thereof, the present invention has the high feature of Hypsizygus marmoreus quality that is nutritious, that cultivate.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
A Hypsizygus marmoreus substratum for starch-containing slag, is characterized in that being made up of the raw material of following weight part: fecula 30-34, pear tree wood chip 40-45, wheat straw 30-35, leaf of bamboo 15-18, rice chaff 20-22, groundnut meal 10-12, phosphate fertilizer 6-7, colliery powder 7-8, Ganoderma spore powder with cellular wall broken 1-1.5, phyllanthus emblica 1-1.1, Herba Cistanches 0.9-1, fructus amomi 1.3-1.5, Herba Adenostemmatis 1-1.1, sweet potato 150-155, Xylo-Mucine 3-3.5, potassium sorbate 0.15-0.16, nutritional additive 9-10;
Described nutritional additive is made up of following raw materials in part by weight: chicken feather 15-18, Oleum Bupleuri 0.1-0.2, diatomite 10-12, vinegar 4-5, yeast rich in selenium 4-5;
Preparation method is: (1), by expanded for chicken feather rear grinding powder, obtains chicken feather powder;
(2) by diatomite and vinegar mixing and stirring, after oven dry, carry out micronizing, then with chicken feather powder, leftover materials mixing and stirring, to obtain final product.
The preparation method of the Hypsizygus marmoreus substratum of described starch-containing slag, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) fecula, pear tree wood chip, wheat straw, the leaf of bamboo, rice chaff are carried out micronizing after being exposed to the sun 20-22 hour;
(2) phyllanthus emblica, Herba Cistanches, fructus amomi, Herba Adenostemmatis are added 4-5 water slow fire boiling 30-40 minute doubly, filter cleaner, collect filtrate;
(3) poured into by sweet potato after big fire in boiled water pot boils 15-20 minute and pull out, drain, break into mud, then mix with step (1), (2) gained material and leftover materials, add water stirring, controls water content and reach 65-68%;
(4) by step (3) gained material, send in high-pressure sterilizing pot, at 121 DEG C, sterilizing was taken out after 20 minutes, was distributed in culture dish, obtained final product.
Herba Adenostemmatis in the present invention is the herb of feverfew Common Adenostema Herb.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
The present invention adopts fecula as main raw material, expand raw material sources, and it is nutritious, containing a large amount of starch, Mierocrystalline cellulose, hemicellulose, pectin etc., the crops leftovers such as collocation pear tree wood chip, wheat straw, simultaneously provide mineral substance by colliery powder, can meet needed for Hypsizygus marmoreus growth, make the Hypsizygus marmoreus quality that cultivates high.
Embodiment
A Hypsizygus marmoreus substratum for starch-containing slag, is characterized in that being made up of the raw material of following weight part (kilogram): fecula 30, pear tree wood chip 45, wheat straw 35, the leaf of bamboo 18, rice chaff 22, groundnut meal 12, phosphate fertilizer 6, colliery powder 8, Ganoderma spore powder with cellular wall broken 1.5, phyllanthus emblica 1.1, Herba Cistanches 1, fructus amomi 1.5, Herba Adenostemmatis 1.1, sweet potato 155, Xylo-Mucine 3.5, potassium sorbate 0.16, nutritional additive 10;
Described nutritional additive is made up of following weight part (kilogram) raw material: chicken feather 18, Oleum Bupleuri 0.1, diatomite 12, vinegar 4, yeast rich in selenium 5;
Preparation method is: (1), by expanded for chicken feather rear grinding powder, obtains chicken feather powder;
(2) by diatomite and vinegar mixing and stirring, after oven dry, carry out micronizing, then with chicken feather powder, leftover materials mixing and stirring, to obtain final product.
The preparation method of the Hypsizygus marmoreus substratum of described starch-containing slag, comprises the following steps:
(1) fecula, pear tree wood chip, wheat straw, the leaf of bamboo, rice chaff are carried out micronizing after being exposed to the sun 20-22 hour;
(2) phyllanthus emblica, Herba Cistanches, fructus amomi, Herba Adenostemmatis are added 4-5 water slow fire boiling 30-40 minute doubly, filter cleaner, collect filtrate;
(3) poured into by sweet potato after big fire in boiled water pot boils 15-20 minute and pull out, drain, break into mud, then mix with step (1), (2) gained material and leftover materials, add water stirring, controls water content and reach 65-68%;
(4) by step (3) gained material, send in high-pressure sterilizing pot, at 121 DEG C, sterilizing was taken out after 20 minutes, was distributed in culture dish, obtained final product.
Cultivate Hypsizygus marmoreus comparative result with Hypsizygus marmoreus substratum of the present invention and existing Hypsizygus marmoreus substratum to see the following form.
Item compared Hypsizygus marmoreus profile Regenerative power is strong and weak
Hypsizygus marmoreus substratum of the present invention Mushroom lid rounding, size is even By force
Existing Hypsizygus marmoreus substratum Mushroom lid not rounding, size is irregular Weak
Can draw from table: Hypsizygus marmoreus substratum provided by the invention, through experimental cultivation, per kilogram Hypsizygus marmoreus substratum results Hypsizygus marmoreus amount, than existing substratum volume increase more than 60%, and the mushroom handle of Hypsizygus marmoreus is short, mushroom meat is thick, and quality is high, regenerative power is strong, turns stubble fast.

Claims (1)

1. a Hypsizygus marmoreus substratum for starch-containing slag, is characterized in that being made up of the raw material of following weight part: fecula 30-34, pear tree wood chip 40-45, wheat straw 30-35, leaf of bamboo 15-18, rice chaff 20-22, groundnut meal 10-12, phosphate fertilizer 6-7, colliery powder 7-8, Ganoderma spore powder with cellular wall broken 1-1.5, phyllanthus emblica 1-1.1, Herba Cistanches 0.9-1, fructus amomi 1.3-1.5, Herba Adenostemmatis 1-1.1, sweet potato 150-155, Xylo-Mucine 3-3.5, potassium sorbate 0.15-0.16, nutritional additive 9-10; Described nutritional additive is made up of following raw materials in part by weight: chicken feather 15-18, Oleum Bupleuri 0.1-0.2, diatomite 10-12, vinegar 4-5, yeast rich in selenium 4-5; The preparation method of nutritional additive is: (1), by expanded for chicken feather rear grinding powder, obtains chicken feather powder; (2) by diatomite and vinegar mixing and stirring, after oven dry, carry out micronizing, then with chicken feather powder, leftover materials mixing and stirring, to obtain final product;
The preparation method of the Hypsizygus marmoreus substratum of described starch-containing slag, comprises the following steps:
(1) fecula, pear tree wood chip, wheat straw, the leaf of bamboo, rice chaff are carried out micronizing after being exposed to the sun 20-22 hour;
(2) phyllanthus emblica, Herba Cistanches, fructus amomi, Herba Adenostemmatis are added 4-5 water slow fire boiling 30-40 minute doubly, filter cleaner, collect filtrate;
(3) poured into by sweet potato after big fire in boiled water pot boils 15-20 minute and pull out, drain, break into mud, then mix with step (1), (2) gained material and leftover materials, add water stirring, controls water content and reach 65-68%;
(4) by step (3) gained material, send in high-pressure sterilizing pot, at 121 DEG C, sterilizing was taken out after 20 minutes, was distributed in culture dish, obtained final product.
CN201410189800.2A 2014-05-07 2014-05-07 Hypsizygus marmoreus substratum of a kind of starch-containing slag and preparation method thereof Expired - Fee Related CN104016767B (en)

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CN104303830A (en) * 2014-09-28 2015-01-28 铜陵市香江食用菌种植有限责任公司 Planting method of Pleurotus eryngii
CN105237119A (en) * 2015-08-27 2016-01-13 马鞍山市安康菌业有限公司 High-effective culture medium for improving crab-like umami taste of hypsizigus marmoreus and preparation method thereof
CN105519352B (en) * 2015-12-25 2018-01-16 龙泉市年年丰家庭农场 Field red sesame bamboo brain cultural method

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1280758A (en) * 2000-08-29 2001-01-24 洪震 Artificial linden wood for cultivating edible or medicinal fungus and its preparing process
CN101580425A (en) * 2008-05-18 2009-11-18 李畅 Preparation method of Hypsizigus marmoreus cultivation material
CN101684054A (en) * 2009-03-27 2010-03-31 广东星河生物科技股份有限公司 Formula of culture medium for high yield beech mushrooms and production process
CN102617240A (en) * 2012-04-10 2012-08-01 绥化学院 Novel edible fungus culture medium and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1280758A (en) * 2000-08-29 2001-01-24 洪震 Artificial linden wood for cultivating edible or medicinal fungus and its preparing process
CN101580425A (en) * 2008-05-18 2009-11-18 李畅 Preparation method of Hypsizigus marmoreus cultivation material
CN101684054A (en) * 2009-03-27 2010-03-31 广东星河生物科技股份有限公司 Formula of culture medium for high yield beech mushrooms and production process
CN102617240A (en) * 2012-04-10 2012-08-01 绥化学院 Novel edible fungus culture medium and preparation method thereof

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