CN104016767A - Hypsizigus marmoreus culture medium containing starch residue and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Hypsizigus marmoreus culture medium containing starch residue and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104016767A
CN104016767A CN201410189800.2A CN201410189800A CN104016767A CN 104016767 A CN104016767 A CN 104016767A CN 201410189800 A CN201410189800 A CN 201410189800A CN 104016767 A CN104016767 A CN 104016767A
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
powder
starch
hypsizigus marmoreus
starch residue
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CN201410189800.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104016767B (en
Inventor
柯家厚
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Nanjing Xingxi Education Technology Co., Ltd
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Hefei Fuquan Modern Agriculture Science And Technology Ltd
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Abstract

The invention relates to a hypsizigus marmoreus culture medium containing starch residue and a preparation method thereof. The hypsizigus marmoreus culture medium is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 30-34 parts of starch residue, 40-45 parts of pear tree wood dust, 30-35 parts of wheat straw, 15-18 parts of bamboo leaf, 20-22 parts of rice chaff, 10-12 parts of peanut meal, 6-7 parts of phosphate fertilizer, 7-8 parts of coal gangue powder, 1-1.5 parts of broken-wall ganoderma lucidum spore powder, 1-1.1 parts of emblic leafflower fruit, 0.9-1 part of broomrape, 1.3-1.5 parts of amomum fruit, 1-1.1 parts of Common Adenostema Herb, 150-155 parts of sweet potato, 3-3.5 parts of sodium carboxymethyl cellulose, 0.15-0.16 part of potassium sorbate and 9-10 parts of nutrition additive. The starch residue used as the main raw material widens the raw material sources; the starch residue contains rich nutrients, including abundant starch, cellulose, hemicellulose, pectin and the like, and is matched with the pear tree wood dust, wheat straw and other crop leftovers; the coal gangue powder provides minerals to satisfy the nutrients required by growth of hypsizigus marmoreus; and thus, the cultured hypsizigus marmoreus has high quality.

Description

Hypsizygus marmoreus substratum of a kind of starch-containing slag and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to mushroom cultivation technical field, relate to Hypsizygus marmoreus substratum of a kind of starch-containing slag and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Hypsizygus marmoreus is a kind of saprophytic fungus, can not utilize solar energy to carry out photosynthesis, and it can only absorb nutritive substance from substratum, and its required nutrition of growing comprises carbohydrate and nitrogenous compound, and a small amount of inorganic salt and VITAMIN etc.Therefore, substratum has a great impact Hypsizygus marmoreus output and quality.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide Hypsizygus marmoreus substratum of a kind of starch-containing slag and preparation method thereof, the high feature of Hypsizygus marmoreus quality that the present invention has is nutritious, cultivate.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
A Hypsizygus marmoreus substratum for starch-containing slag, is characterized in that being made up of the raw material of following weight part: fecula 30-34, pear tree wood chip 40-45, wheat straw 30-35, leaf of bamboo 15-18, rice chaff 20-22, groundnut meal 10-12, phosphate fertilizer 6-7, colliery powder 7-8, Ganoderma spore powder with cellular wall broken 1-1.5, phyllanthus emblica 1-1.1, Herba Cistanches 0.9-1, fructus amomi 1.3-1.5, Herba Adenostemmatis 1-1.1, sweet potato 150-155, Xylo-Mucine 3-3.5, potassium sorbate 0.15-0.16, nutritional additive 9-10;
Described nutritional additive is made up of following raw materials in part by weight: chicken feather 15-18, Oleum Bupleuri 0.1-0.2, diatomite 10-12, vinegar 4-5, yeast rich in selenium 4-5;
Preparation method is: (1), by expanded chicken feather rear grinding powder, obtains chicken feather powder;
(2) by diatomite and vinegar mixing and stirring, after oven dry, carry out micronizing, then, with chicken feather powder, leftover materials mixing and stirring, to obtain final product.
The preparation method of the Hypsizygus marmoreus substratum of described starch-containing slag, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) after being exposed to the sun 20-22 hour, fecula, pear tree wood chip, wheat straw, the leaf of bamboo, rice chaff carries out micronizing;
(2) phyllanthus emblica, Herba Cistanches, fructus amomi, Herba Adenostemmatis are added to 4-5 water slow fire boiling 30-40 minute doubly, filter cleaner, collects filtrate;
(3) sweet potato is poured in boiled water pot into big fire and boil after 15-20 minute and pull out, drain, break into mud, then mix with step (1), (2) gained material and leftover materials, the stirring that adds water, controls water content and reaches 65-68%;
(4) by step (3) gained material, send in high-pressure sterilizing pot, at 121 DEG C, sterilizing was taken out after 20 minutes, was distributed in culture dish, to obtain final product.
Herba Adenostemmatis in the present invention is the herb of feverfew Common Adenostema Herb.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
The present invention adopts fecula as main raw material, raw material sources are expanded, and it is nutritious, contain a large amount of starch, Mierocrystalline cellulose, hemicellulose, pectin etc., the crops leftovers such as collocation pear tree wood chip, wheat straw, simultaneously provide mineral substance by colliery powder, can meet Hypsizygus marmoreus growth required, make the Hypsizygus marmoreus quality that cultivates high.
Embodiment
A Hypsizygus marmoreus substratum for starch-containing slag, it is characterized in that by following weight part (kilogram) raw material make: fecula 30, pear tree wood chip 45, wheat straw 35, the leaf of bamboo 18, rice chaff 22, groundnut meal 12, phosphate fertilizer 6, colliery powder 8, Ganoderma spore powder with cellular wall broken 1.5, phyllanthus emblica 1.1, Herba Cistanches 1, fructus amomi 1.5, Herba Adenostemmatis 1.1, sweet potato 155, Xylo-Mucine 3.5, potassium sorbate 0.16, nutritional additive 10;
Described nutritional additive by following weight part (kilogram) raw material makes: chicken feather 18, Oleum Bupleuri 0.1, diatomite 12, vinegar 4, yeast rich in selenium 5;
Preparation method is: (1), by expanded chicken feather rear grinding powder, obtains chicken feather powder;
(2) by diatomite and vinegar mixing and stirring, after oven dry, carry out micronizing, then, with chicken feather powder, leftover materials mixing and stirring, to obtain final product.
The preparation method of the Hypsizygus marmoreus substratum of described starch-containing slag, comprises the following steps:
(1) after being exposed to the sun 20-22 hour, fecula, pear tree wood chip, wheat straw, the leaf of bamboo, rice chaff carries out micronizing;
(2) phyllanthus emblica, Herba Cistanches, fructus amomi, Herba Adenostemmatis are added to 4-5 water slow fire boiling 30-40 minute doubly, filter cleaner, collects filtrate;
(3) sweet potato is poured in boiled water pot into big fire and boil after 15-20 minute and pull out, drain, break into mud, then mix with step (1), (2) gained material and leftover materials, the stirring that adds water, controls water content and reaches 65-68%;
(4) by step (3) gained material, send in high-pressure sterilizing pot, at 121 DEG C, sterilizing was taken out after 20 minutes, was distributed in culture dish, to obtain final product.
Cultivating Hypsizygus marmoreus comparative result with Hypsizygus marmoreus substratum of the present invention and existing Hypsizygus marmoreus substratum sees the following form.
Item compared Hypsizygus marmoreus profile Regenerative power power
Hypsizygus marmoreus substratum of the present invention Mushroom lid rounding, size evenly By force
Existing Hypsizygus marmoreus substratum Not rounding of mushroom lid, size is irregular A little less than
From table, can draw: Hypsizygus marmoreus substratum provided by the invention, through overtesting plantation, per kilogram Hypsizygus marmoreus substratum results Hypsizygus marmoreus amount, increase production more than 60% than existing substratum, and the mushroom handle of Hypsizygus marmoreus is short, mushroom meat is thick, quality is high, regenerative power is strong, turns stubble fast.

Claims (2)

1. a Hypsizygus marmoreus substratum for starch-containing slag, is characterized in that being made up of the raw material of following weight part:
Fecula 30-34, pear tree wood chip 40-45, wheat straw 30-35, leaf of bamboo 15-18, rice chaff 20-22, groundnut meal 10-12, phosphate fertilizer 6-7, colliery powder 7-8, Ganoderma spore powder with cellular wall broken 1-1.5, phyllanthus emblica 1-1.1, Herba Cistanches 0.9-1, fructus amomi 1.3-1.5, Herba Adenostemmatis 1-1.1, sweet potato 150-155, Xylo-Mucine 3-3.5, potassium sorbate 0.15-0.16, nutritional additive 9-10;
Described nutritional additive is made up of following raw materials in part by weight: chicken feather 15-18, Oleum Bupleuri 0.1-0.2, diatomite 10-12, vinegar 4-5, yeast rich in selenium 4-5;
Preparation method is: (1), by expanded chicken feather rear grinding powder, obtains chicken feather powder;
(2) by diatomite and vinegar mixing and stirring, after oven dry, carry out micronizing, then, with chicken feather powder, leftover materials mixing and stirring, to obtain final product.
2. the preparation method of the Hypsizygus marmoreus substratum of starch-containing slag according to claim 1, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) after being exposed to the sun 20-22 hour, fecula, pear tree wood chip, wheat straw, the leaf of bamboo, rice chaff carries out micronizing;
(2) phyllanthus emblica, Herba Cistanches, fructus amomi, Herba Adenostemmatis are added to 4-5 water slow fire boiling 30-40 minute doubly, filter cleaner, collects filtrate;
(3) sweet potato is poured in boiled water pot into big fire and boil after 15-20 minute and pull out, drain, break into mud, then mix with step (1), (2) gained material and leftover materials, the stirring that adds water, controls water content and reaches 65-68%;
(4) by step (3) gained material, send in high-pressure sterilizing pot, at 121 DEG C, sterilizing was taken out after 20 minutes, was distributed in culture dish, to obtain final product.
CN201410189800.2A 2014-05-07 2014-05-07 Hypsizygus marmoreus substratum of a kind of starch-containing slag and preparation method thereof Expired - Fee Related CN104016767B (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104303830A (en) * 2014-09-28 2015-01-28 铜陵市香江食用菌种植有限责任公司 Planting method of Pleurotus eryngii
CN105237119A (en) * 2015-08-27 2016-01-13 马鞍山市安康菌业有限公司 High-effective culture medium for improving crab-like umami taste of hypsizigus marmoreus and preparation method thereof
CN105519352A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-04-27 龙泉市年年丰家庭农场 Bamboo-stump cultivation method for wild Ganoderma lucidum

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1280758A (en) * 2000-08-29 2001-01-24 洪震 Artificial linden wood for cultivating edible or medicinal fungus and its preparing process
CN101580425A (en) * 2008-05-18 2009-11-18 李畅 Preparation method of Hypsizigus marmoreus cultivation material
CN101684054A (en) * 2009-03-27 2010-03-31 广东星河生物科技股份有限公司 Formula of culture medium for high yield beech mushrooms and production process
CN102617240A (en) * 2012-04-10 2012-08-01 绥化学院 Novel edible fungus culture medium and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1280758A (en) * 2000-08-29 2001-01-24 洪震 Artificial linden wood for cultivating edible or medicinal fungus and its preparing process
CN101580425A (en) * 2008-05-18 2009-11-18 李畅 Preparation method of Hypsizigus marmoreus cultivation material
CN101684054A (en) * 2009-03-27 2010-03-31 广东星河生物科技股份有限公司 Formula of culture medium for high yield beech mushrooms and production process
CN102617240A (en) * 2012-04-10 2012-08-01 绥化学院 Novel edible fungus culture medium and preparation method thereof

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104303830A (en) * 2014-09-28 2015-01-28 铜陵市香江食用菌种植有限责任公司 Planting method of Pleurotus eryngii
CN105237119A (en) * 2015-08-27 2016-01-13 马鞍山市安康菌业有限公司 High-effective culture medium for improving crab-like umami taste of hypsizigus marmoreus and preparation method thereof
CN105519352A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-04-27 龙泉市年年丰家庭农场 Bamboo-stump cultivation method for wild Ganoderma lucidum

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