CN104016624B - High-strength low-density flame retardant inorganic wall heat insulation material and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

High-strength low-density flame retardant inorganic wall heat insulation material and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104016624B
CN104016624B CN201410194002.9A CN201410194002A CN104016624B CN 104016624 B CN104016624 B CN 104016624B CN 201410194002 A CN201410194002 A CN 201410194002A CN 104016624 B CN104016624 B CN 104016624B
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
protective layer
water
heat insulation
flame retardant
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CN201410194002.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104016624A (en
Inventor
施兆武
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太仓市金锚新材料科技有限公司
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/24Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation
    • Y02A30/244Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation using natural or recycled building materials, e.g. straw, wool, clay or used tires

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of novel high-strength low density flame retardant type wall heat insulation material and preparation method thereof, described lagging material is made up of foaming layer and protective layer; Described foaming layer comprises 15 ~ 20 parts, flyash, vermiculite 10 ~ 20 parts, cement 60 ~ 70 parts, whipping agent 8 ~ 15 parts, alkali resistant glass fibre cloth 5 ~ 10 parts, slag wool fiber 10 ~ 15 parts, light calcium carbonate 20 ~ 30 parts and suitable quantity of water; Described protective layer comprises cement 35 ~ 40 parts, the fine sand 30 ~ 40 parts that sieves, Galvanized Steel Wire Netting 10 ~ 15 parts, brucite fiber 10 ~ 15 parts, fire retardant 15 ~ 20 parts and suitable quantity of water; Protective layer is placed in above foaming layer, and its thickness is greater than the thickness of protective layer.Preparation method of the present invention is easy, and the wall heat insulation material of preparation has the advantages such as intensity is high, density is low, flame retardant properties is good and with low cost, has wide market outlook.

Description

High-strength low-density flame retardant inorganic wall heat insulation material and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to building material field, particularly relate to a kind of high-strength low-density flame retardant type wall heat insulation material.
Background technology
The heat that external wall of house body is distributed by exterior wall is in the winter time about 20% of the total heat dissipation capacity of buildings; be about that buildings always recepts the caloric by the heat that external wall absorbs summer 30%; in the world today; while improving constantly the requirement of save energy and protection of the environment, external-wall heat-insulation material is adopted to save aforementioned capabilities loss significant.
Current, the external-wall heat-insulation material of building field mainly adopts styrofoam, extruded sheet and urethane etc. as insulation main body, then applies the protective layers such as one deck cement in its appearance.The shortcomings such as this kind of lagging material ubiquity fire line is poor, the low and ageing resistance difference of the intensity of thermal insulation layer.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem that the present invention mainly solves is to provide a kind of high-strength low-density flame retardant type wall heat insulation material
And preparation method thereof, the above-mentioned shortcoming that existing lagging material exists can be solved.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the present invention adopts is: provide a kind of high-strength low-density flame retardant type wall heat insulation material, described lagging material is made up of foaming layer and protective layer; Described foaming layer comprises the component of following weight part: 15 ~ 20 parts, flyash, vermiculite 10 ~ 20 parts, cement 60 ~ 70 parts, whipping agent 8 ~ 15 parts, alkali resistant glass fibre cloth 5 ~ 10 parts, slag wool fiber 10 ~ 15 parts, light calcium carbonate 20 ~ 30 parts, and water is appropriate; Described protective layer comprises the component of following weight part: cement 35 ~ 40 parts, the fine sand 30 ~ 40 parts that sieves, Galvanized Steel Wire Netting 10 ~ 15 parts, brucite fiber 10 ~ 15 parts, fire retardant 15 ~ 20 parts, and water is appropriate; Described protective layer is placed in above described foaming layer, and the thickness of described foaming layer is greater than the thickness of described protective layer.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, described whipping agent is at least one in hydrogen peroxide whipping agent or tea saponin whipping agent.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, another technical solution used in the present invention is: the preparation method providing a kind of high-strength low-density flame retardant type wall heat insulation material, comprises the steps:
(1) each component accurately taking described foaming layer and described protective layer is for subsequent use;
(2) each component of taken protective layer is mixed, and add suitable quantity of water, be mixed into the mixture slurry that water cement ratio is 1:0.65 ~ 0.70;
(3) the mixture slurry in step (2) is injected the rectangular parallelepiped mould that the degree of depth is 80 ~ 120mm, make it account for mould
1/6 ~ 1/4 of the degree of depth, vibrations are hardened to protective layer;
(4) each component of taken foaming layer is mixed, and add suitable quantity of water, be mixed into the foam mixture slurry that water cement ratio is 1:0.35 ~ 0.40;
(5) the foam mixture slurry in step (4) is injected into above the sclerosis protective layer in step (3), floating, layer
3/4 ~ 5/6 of high described die depth, maintenance is until end face sclerosis in atmosphere for band mould, and then the demoulding is placed in water maintenance, obtains described wall heat insulation material.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the preparation method of a kind of high-strength low-density of the present invention flame retardant type wall heat insulation material is easy, using inorganic materials as foam body, and add fire retardant at protective layer, make prepared foam material have essential uninflammability and flame retardant resistance, reach the object of dual fire-resisting protection; By the use of alkali resistant glass fibre cloth and erosion resistance Galvanized Steel Wire Netting, improve the intensity of fire retardant material on the whole, improve its work-ing life; Wall heat insulation material prepared by the present invention has the advantages such as intensity is high, density is low, flame retardant properties is good and with low cost, has wide market outlook.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of high-strength low-density flame retardant type wall heat insulation material of the present invention;
In accompanying drawing, the mark of each parts is as follows: 1. foaming layer, 2. protective layer.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, preferred embodiment of the present invention is described in detail, to make advantages and features of the invention energy
Be easier to be readily appreciated by one skilled in the art, thus more explicit defining is made to protection scope of the present invention.
Refer to Fig. 1, the embodiment of the present invention comprises:
A kind of high-strength low-density flame retardant type wall heat insulation material, is made up of foaming layer 1 and protective layer 2; Described protective layer 2 is placed in above described foaming layer 1; The thickness of described foaming layer 1 is greater than the thickness of described protective layer 2.
Embodiment 1
Accurately take 40kg cement, 30kg sieve fine sand, 15kg Galvanized Steel Wire Netting, 10kg brucite fiber and 20kg fire retardant, after mixing, add suitable quantity of water, be mixed into the mixture slurry that water cement ratio is 1:0.65; Then said mixture slurry being injected the degree of depth is 80mm, long and is widely in the rectangular parallelepiped mould of 100mm, makes it account for 1/6 of die depth, shakes and be hardened to protective layer;
Accurately take 15kg flyash, 20kg vermiculite, 60kg cement, the hydrogen peroxide whipping agent of 8kg35%, 10kg alkali resistant glass fibre cloth, 10kg slag wool fiber and 20kg light calcium carbonate, after mixing, add suitable quantity of water, foam while stirring, make to be mixed into the foam mixture slurry that water cement ratio is 1:0.35; After above-mentioned protective layer sclerosis; the foam mixture slurry of preparation is injected into above sclerosis protective layer; floating; its floor height is made to reach 5/6 of described die depth; then thermal insulating material material strip mold is placed in air maintenance; until end face cementation index is higher than 70%, then the demoulding is placed in water maintenance, obtains described wall heat insulation material.
Embodiment 2
Accurately take 35kg cement, 40kg sieve fine sand, 10kg Galvanized Steel Wire Netting, 15kg brucite fiber and 15kg fire retardant, after mixing, add suitable quantity of water, be mixed into the mixture slurry that water cement ratio is 1:0.70; Then said mixture slurry being injected the degree of depth is 120mm, long and is widely in the rectangular parallelepiped mould of 120mm, makes it account for 1/4 of die depth, shakes and be hardened to protective layer;
Accurately take 20kg flyash, 10kg vermiculite, 70kg cement, 15kg tea saponin whipping agent, 5kg alkali resistant glass fibre cloth, 15kg slag wool fiber and 30kg light calcium carbonate, after mixing, add suitable quantity of water, foam while stirring, make to be mixed into the foam mixture slurry that water cement ratio is 1:0.40; After above-mentioned protective layer sclerosis; the foam mixture slurry of preparation is injected into above sclerosis protective layer; floating; its floor height is made to reach 3/4 of described die depth; then thermal insulating material material strip mold is placed in air maintenance; until end face cementation index is higher than 70%, then the demoulding is placed in water maintenance, obtains described wall heat insulation material.
The foregoing is only embodiments of the invention, not thereby limit the scope of the claims of the present invention, every utilize specification sheets of the present invention and accompanying drawing content to do equivalent structure or the conversion of equivalent flow process, or be directly or indirectly used in other relevant skills
Art field, is all in like manner included in scope of patent protection of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. a high-strength low-density flame retardant type wall heat insulation material, is characterized in that, described lagging material is made up of foaming layer and protective layer; Described foaming layer comprises the component of following weight part: 15 ~ 20 parts, flyash, vermiculite 10 ~ 20 parts, cement 60 ~ 70 parts, whipping agent 8 ~ 15 parts, alkali resistant glass fibre cloth 5 ~ 10 parts, slag wool fiber 10 ~ 15 parts, light calcium carbonate 20 ~ 30 parts, and water is appropriate; Described protective layer comprises the component of following weight part: cement 35 ~ 40 parts, the fine sand 30 ~ 40 parts that sieves, Galvanized Steel Wire Netting 10 ~ 15 parts, brucite fiber 10 ~ 15 parts, fire retardant 15 ~ 20 parts, and water is appropriate; Described protective layer is placed in above described foaming layer, and the thickness of described foaming layer is greater than the thickness of described protective layer.
2. high-strength low-density flame retardant type wall heat insulation material according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described whipping agent is at least one in hydrogen peroxide whipping agent or tea saponin whipping agent.
3. a preparation method for high-strength low-density flame retardant type wall heat insulation material as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, comprise the steps:
(1) each component accurately taking described foaming layer and described protective layer is for subsequent use;
(2) each component of taken protective layer is mixed, and add suitable quantity of water, be mixed into the mixture slurry that water cement ratio is 1:0.65 ~ 0.70;
(3) the mixture slurry in step (2) is injected the rectangular parallelepiped mould that the degree of depth is 80 ~ 120mm, make it account for 1/6 ~ 1/4 of die depth, vibrations are hardened to protective layer;
(4) each component of taken foaming layer is mixed, and add suitable quantity of water, be mixed into the foam mixture slurry that water cement ratio is 1:0.35 ~ 0.40;
(5) the foam mixture slurry in step (4) is injected into above the sclerosis protective layer in step (3); floating; its floor height is made to reach 3/4 ~ 5/6 of described die depth; band mould in atmosphere maintenance until end face sclerosis; then the demoulding is placed in water maintenance, obtains described wall heat insulation material.
CN201410194002.9A 2014-05-09 2014-05-09 High-strength low-density flame retardant inorganic wall heat insulation material and preparation method thereof CN104016624B (en)

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Families Citing this family (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104529266A (en) * 2014-11-26 2015-04-22 王新荣 Crack-resistant flame retardation surface mortar and preparation method thereof
CN104529270A (en) * 2014-12-02 2015-04-22 王小波 Fire-resistant flame-retardant concrete
CN106904913A (en) * 2017-03-30 2017-06-30 常州工程职业技术学院 A kind of non-dismantling formwork insulation material production technology
CN107601976A (en) * 2017-08-24 2018-01-19 成都圻坊生物科技有限公司 A kind of inorganic wall heat-insulating material
CN107721460A (en) * 2017-08-24 2018-02-23 成都圻坊生物科技有限公司 A kind of inorganic wall heat-insulating material and preparation method thereof
CN107584646B (en) * 2017-10-20 2019-09-13 郑州工大高新材料科技有限公司 A kind of light foaming cement thermal insulation material maintenance process and its curing means
CN109483965A (en) * 2018-11-22 2019-03-19 遵义市世和建材有限公司 High-intensity heat insulating material
CN110130555A (en) * 2019-05-22 2019-08-16 山东联兴绿厦建筑科技有限公司 Fire-resisting floor structure and production method

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2843520B2 (en) * 1995-01-19 1999-01-06 日本碍子株式会社 Method for producing coal ash solidified material
CN1557768A (en) * 2004-01-15 2004-12-29 杨苏文 Light high-strength heat-insulation building material and method for making same
CN101798850A (en) * 2010-03-11 2010-08-11 李珠 Foaming type inorganic heat insulation plate, preparation method thereof and heat insulation layer thereof
CN102503289A (en) * 2011-11-23 2012-06-20 成都新柯力化工科技有限公司 Thermal-insulating anti-flaming building material and preparation method thereof
CN102557542A (en) * 2011-12-22 2012-07-11 长安大学 Inorganic fiber reinforced cement heat preservation product

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2843520B2 (en) * 1995-01-19 1999-01-06 日本碍子株式会社 Method for producing coal ash solidified material
CN1557768A (en) * 2004-01-15 2004-12-29 杨苏文 Light high-strength heat-insulation building material and method for making same
CN101798850A (en) * 2010-03-11 2010-08-11 李珠 Foaming type inorganic heat insulation plate, preparation method thereof and heat insulation layer thereof
CN102503289A (en) * 2011-11-23 2012-06-20 成都新柯力化工科技有限公司 Thermal-insulating anti-flaming building material and preparation method thereof
CN102557542A (en) * 2011-12-22 2012-07-11 长安大学 Inorganic fiber reinforced cement heat preservation product

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