CN104012789B - Regulation beef flavor feed additive and preparation method - Google Patents

Regulation beef flavor feed additive and preparation method Download PDF

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CN104012789B
CN104012789B CN 201410218775 CN201410218775A CN104012789B CN 104012789 B CN104012789 B CN 104012789B CN 201410218775 CN201410218775 CN 201410218775 CN 201410218775 A CN201410218775 A CN 201410218775A CN 104012789 B CN104012789 B CN 104012789B
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parts
oil
preparation
linseed oil
beef flavor
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CN104012789A (en )
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白元生
刘强
杨子森
师周戈
刘晓妮
赵宇琼
焦光月
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山西省生态畜牧产业管理站
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production
    • Y02P60/877Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production from by-products of vegetal origin

Abstract

改善牛肉风味品质的饲料添加剂,由以下质量份的原料配制而成:山楂10~15、陈皮6~8、松针粉15~18、黄芪8~10、当归6~8、桂皮6~8、亚麻油32~38、食用油固化剂2~3、膨润土13~15、酪蛋白10~11、0.2%氢氧化钠溶液200~220、甲醛溶液0.06~0.07。 Beef flavor improved quality feed additive, is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by mass: 10 to 15 Hawthorn, Citrus 6 to 8, 15 to 18 pine needle powder, tragacanth 8-10, angelica 6-8, 6-8 cinnamon, flax oil 32 to 38, a curing agent, 2 to 3 oil, bentonite, 13 to 15, 10 to 11,0.2% casein sodium hydroxide solution and 200 to 220, 0.06 to 0.07 formaldehyde solution. 本发明制备方法是:先将山楂、陈皮、松针粉、黄芪、当归和桂皮粉碎制成粉剂;再将亚麻油、食用油固化剂与膨润土制成芯材;用氢氧化钠、酪蛋白和甲醛溶液制得壁材;将包衣机控制在一定条件下,先后投入芯材和壁材进行包膜,制成过瘤胃亚麻油;最后将制备的中草药粉剂与过瘤胃亚麻油混匀包装得成品。 Preparation process of the invention is: first hawthorn, orange peel, pine needle powder, tragacanth, cinnamon, angelica, and pulverized into a fine powder; then linseed oil, curing agent and oil core material made of bentonite; with sodium hydroxide, and formaldehyde casein prepare a solution of wall material; the coater control under certain conditions, has invested core material and wall material for the capsule, made of rumen linseed oil; finally prepared herbal powder mixing linseed oil with the rumen finished packaged . 本发明添加剂按肉牛混合精料1%~3%的质量份直接加入混匀即可饲喂。 Additives according to the present invention is beef mixed concentrate of 1% to 3% by mass of the parts can be fed directly into the mix.

Description

牛肉风味调控饲料添加剂及其制备方法 Regulation beef flavor feed additive and preparation method

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及饲料添加剂领域,具体涉及一种改善牛肉风味品质的饲料添加剂及其制备方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of feed additives, feed additives, and particularly relates to an improved method for preparing a beef flavor quality.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 牛肉营养价值高,味道鲜美,享有"肉中骄子"的美称,随着人们生活水平的不断提高以及对健康的日益关注,人们对牛肉品质的追求,不仅只体现在营养价值上,还有观赏价值和赏味价值。 [0002] beef high nutritional value, taste delicious, enjoy "proud flesh" of the name, with the continuous improvement of people's living standards and health of growing concern, the quest for quality beef, not just reflected in the nutritional value, there are ornamental value and worth tasting. 牛肉风味是一些物质刺激嗅觉神经通过鼻子或口腔而被感知的。 Beef flavor, some substances stimulate the olfactory nerve through the nose or mouth is perceived. 牛肉风味的好坏关系到消费者对牛肉品质的满意程度,也直接关系到牛肉产品的经济价值。 Beef flavor is good or bad related to consumer satisfaction with the quality of beef, but also directly related to the economic value of beef products. 如何提高牛肉风味也越来越成为人们关注的热点。 How to improve the flavor of beef has increasingly become the focus of attention. 现代肉牛业生产中,人们片面追求产肉性能,以获得最佳经济效益为目的,在饲料中大量使用化学合成药物、抗生素甚至激素类促生长添加剂,导致牛肉风味急剧下降。 Modern beef production industry, it is one-sided pursuit of meat production performance, to get the best value for money for the purpose of using a large number of synthetic drugs in feed, antibiotics and even growth-promoting hormones, additives, resulting in a sharp decline in beef flavor. 消费者不满牛肉风味现状,迫切需要提高牛肉风味。 Consumer dissatisfaction with the status quo beef flavor, beef flavor urgent need to improve. 影响牛肉风味的因素主要包括性别、品种、年龄、肌肉类型、日粮、屠宰前后的因素和烹调方式等。 The main factors affecting the beef flavor include sex, breed, before and after age, muscle type, diet, slaughtering and cooking and other factors. 在肉牛的饲养管理中,饲料及添加剂是主要影响牛肉风味的因素。 In the feeding and management of beef cattle in feed and additives are the main factors affecting the beef flavor. 因此,寻求能够改善和调控牛肉风味的安全高效饲料添加剂显得十分迫切。 Therefore, looking for ways to improve the flavor of beef and regulation of safe and efficient feed additive is very urgent. 近年来,在猪肉品质方面已大量应用中草药添加剂,在鸡肉品质方面也已开始应用,而在牛肉风味调控方面,中药添加剂应用研究较少。 In recent years, in terms of meat quality have been widely used herbal additives in meat quality also have begun to use, and in the regulation of beef flavor, application of traditional Chinese medicine additive is less. 为此,针对我国牛肉风味较差的现状,结合多年研究经验和技术总结,研制成功牛肉风味调控饲料添加剂,主要通过中草药调控营养消化与沉积,通过过瘤胃脂肪调控肌肉之间脂肪沉积,提高牛肉风味。 To this end, for the poor status of our beef flavor, combined with years of research experience and technical summary, the successful development of beef flavor feed additive regulation, mainly through the regulation of herbal nutrition digestion and deposition, fat deposition between rumen by over-regulation of muscle fat, improve beef flavor.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明的目的是提供一种牛肉风味调控饲料添加剂,该饲料添加剂能够改善牛肉的风味品质,本发明的另一目的是公开生产牛肉风味调控饲料添加剂的制备方法。 [0003] The object of the present invention is to provide a beef flavor regulating feed additives, feed additives capable of improving the flavor quality of beef, another object of the present invention is to disclose a method of producing beef flavor prepared feed additive regulation.

[0004] 为实现上述目的,本发明采用了以下技术方案。 [0004] To achieve the above object, the present invention employs the following technical solutions.

[0005] 本发明的牛肉风味调控饲料添加剂,由以下质量份的原料配制而成:山楂10~15 份、陈皮6~8份、松针粉15~18份、黄芪8~10份、当归6~8份、桂皮6~8份、亚麻油32~38份、食用油固化剂2~3份、膨润土13~15份、酪蛋白10~11份、0. 2%氢氧化钠溶液200~220份、甲醛溶液0. 06~0. 07份。 [0005] Beef flavor regulation feed additive of the invention, prepared from the following raw materials in parts by mass: 10 to 15 parts of Hawthorn, Citrus 6 to 8 parts, 15 to 18 parts pine needle powder, 8 to 10 parts astragalus, angelica 6 ~ 8 parts, cinnamon 6 to 8 parts, 32 to 38 parts linseed oil, 2 to 3 parts of a curing agent, edible oil, 13 to 15 parts bentonite, 10 to 11 parts of casein, 200 to 220 parts of 0.2% sodium hydroxide solution , formaldehyde solution 0.06 ~ 0.07 parts. 所述的亚麻油、食用油固化剂和酪蛋白要符合食品级添加剂标准;所述的膨润土符合饲料级添加剂标准。 The linseed oil, cooking oil, and a curing agent casein food-grade additive to meet the standards; bentonite meet the standard feed-grade additive.

[0006] 本发明牛肉风味调控饲料添加剂中的山楂具有健脾开胃、消食化滞等作用,陈皮能益脾健胃,桂皮可抗菌、增强血液循环、增进消化机能,黄芪可以补气开阳、固表止汗、抗毒生肌、利水消肿、促进营养利用等作用,当归可止血补血、提高代谢水平,松针粉可促进增重、提高肉质和风味,过瘤胃亚麻油可促进肌间不饱和脂肪酸沉积而提高牛肉风味。 Beef flavor invention feed additive regulation Hawthorn spleen appetite, digestion of stagnation and so on [0006] the present, spleen stomach can peel, cinnamon can be antibacterial, enhance blood circulation, promotion of digestive function, astragalus qi can open sun, solid form antiperspirant, anti-drug myogenic benefits of water swelling, promote the use of nutrition and so on, Angelica can stop bleeding blood, improve metabolism, pine needle powder can promote weight gain, improve meat quality and flavor, rumen linseed oil can not promote inter-muscular saturated fatty acid deposition and raise beef flavor.

[0007] 本发明的牛肉风味调控饲料添加剂的制备方法,包括如下步骤: [0007] A method for the regulation of the feed beef flavor additives according to the present invention, comprising the steps of:

[0008] (1)取山楂10~15份、陈皮6~8份、松针粉15~18份、黄芪8~10份、当归6~8份、桂皮6~8份,将上述中草药原料筛选去杂、然后粉碎过120~150目筛,备用; [0008] (1) take the hawthorn 10 to 15 parts, Citrus 6-8 parts, pine needle powder 15 to 18 parts, tragacanth 8 to 10 parts, angelica 6-8 parts, cinnamon 6-8 parts, the screening to the above herbal material heteroaryl, and then sifted through a 120 mesh to 150 mesh, the standby;

[0009] (2)将32~38份亚麻油用商业销售的食用油固化剂固化; [0009] (2) 32 to 38 parts of linseed oil sold commercially by curing a curing agent;

[0010] (3)将(2)制备的固化食用油与13~15份膨润土混合搅拌制成芯材,备用; [0010] (3) mixing (2) Preparation of a cured oil to 15 parts of bentonite and 13 made of the core material was stirred standby;

[0011] (4)用200~220份0• 2%氢氧化钠溶液溶解10~11份酪蛋白后,再加入0• 06~ 0.07份甲醛溶液,制得壁材,备用; After [0011] (4) 200 to 220 parts 0 • 2% sodium hydroxide solution was dissolved 10 to 11 parts of casein, was added 0 • 06 ~ 0.07 parts of a formaldehyde solution, prepared by wall material, standby;

[0012] (5)将(3)制备的芯材投入包衣机内,预热至35~40°C,并引风使之悬浮在包衣室内,继续预热包衣机至40~45°C,调节喷雾压力在0. 3MPa,将(4)制备的壁材喷入包衣机包衣室内进行包膜,制成过瘤胃亚麻油; [0012] (5) (3) Preparation of core material into the coating machine, preheated to 35 ~ 40 ° C, and the wind and suspended in a coating chamber, coating machine preheated to 40 to continue to 45 ° C, spray pressure regulating 0. 3MPa, the (4) preparation of the wall material is injected into the coater for a coating chamber envelope, made of the rumen linseed oil;

[0013] (6)将(1)制备的中草药粉剂与(5)制备的过瘤胃亚麻油混合均匀后包装,即得成品。 After [0013] (6) mixing the herbal powders (1) prepared in Preparation (5) of uniform packaging rumen linseed oil, derived products.

[0014] 本发明的牛肉风味调控饲料添加剂的使用方法是,将本发明的牛肉风味调控饲料添加剂按肉牛混合精料1%~3%的质量份直接加入混合均匀即可饲喂。 [0014] Beef flavor using the method of the invention feed additive regulation is beef flavor additives according to the present invention by regulating cattle feed mixing 1% to 3% parts by mass of the fine material can be added directly mixed feeding.

[0015] 本发明的牛肉风味调控饲料添加剂的使用效果试验 [0015] Beef flavor of the present invention is regulated by the feed additive effect test

[0016] L试验方法 [0016] L Test Method

[0017] 1.1试验设计试验设二个处理,分别是对照组和试验组;对照组饲喂基础饲粮(45份混合精料+55份玉米秸杆);试验组在对照组饲喂基础饲粮中添加肉牛混合精料2%的下列配比的牛肉风味调控饲料添加剂:山楂12份、陈皮6份、松针粉16份、黄芪8份、当归6份、桂皮8份、过瘤胃亚麻油36份,按本发明的制备方法制备而成。 [0017] 1.1 Experimental Design Experimental design two treatments were control and test groups are; fed a basal diet control group (45 + 55 parts of concentrate were mixed corn stover); Experimental group Control group were fed the basic feed adding grain beef mixed concentrate of the following formulation 2% beef flavor regulation feed additive: 12 parts of hawthorn, 6 parts of dried orange peel, pine needle powder 16 parts, 8 parts of astragalus, angelica 6 parts, 8 parts of cinnamon, linseed oil rumen 36 parts produced from the production method according to the present invention.

[0018] 饲养试验预试期10天,正试期90天。 [0018] The feeding experiment pretest 10 days test period of 90 days.

[0019] 1.2试验动物分别选用24月龄左右、体况良好、体重近似的西门塔尔牛各14 头,随机分为2组,每组7头牛。 [0019] 1.2 Experimental animals were selected around 24 months, good body condition, body weight of approximately 14 Simmental each, were randomly divided into 2 groups, each group of 7 cows.

[0020] 1. 3试验饲粮及饲养管理 [0020] 1.3 Experimental diet and feeding management

[0021] 试验饲粮按照肉牛营养需要和饲养标准配制,由混合精料和玉米秸杆组成,其组成及营养水平见表1。 [0021] Experimental diets formulated according to the needs and cattle breeding standard nutrition by mixing concentrate and corn stover, whose composition and nutrient levels are shown in Table 1. 饲粮的精粗比为45 : 55。 Dietary forage to concentrate ratio was 45: 55. 试验牛单槽饲养,每日07 : 00和19 : 00 饲喂。 Single test cattle breeding, daily 7:00 and 19:00 feeding. 自由采食,自由饮水。 Free feeding, free drinking water.

[0022] 表1试验基础饲粮组成和营养水平(干物质基础) [0022] Table 1 Test basal diet and nutrition composition (dry matter basis)

[0023] [0023]

Figure CN104012789BD00041

[0024] 1每千克饲粮含:维生素A3000IU,维生素D1200IU,维生素E15IU,铁30mg, 铜8mg,锌30mg,猛40mg,碘0. 25mg,硒0. 3mg,钴0. 1mg;2综合净能根据原料组成计算所得,其余为实测值。 [0024] 1-containing diet per kg: Vitamin A3000IU, vitamin D1200IU, vitamin E15IU, iron 30mg, copper 8mg, zinc 30mg, Meng 40mg, iodine 0. 25mg, selenium 0. 3mg, cobalt 0. 1mg; 2 combined NE The calculated feed composition, the remainder being found.

[0025] 1. 4样品采集与测定 [0025] 1.4 Sample Collection and assay

[0026] 1.4. 1采食量测定及饲料样品采集与分析试验期间逐日详细记录采食量和剩草料量,每天按比例采集精料与玉米秸杆样品,测定初水分后保存备用。 [0026] Measurement 1.4. 1 and feed intake and the amount of fodder remaining amount of detail recorded daily during the experiment feed sample collection and analysis, scale collection day and corn stover concentrate sample was measured after the beginning of water stored for use.

[0027] 1.4.2体重和日增重饲养试验开始与结束,全部牛按相同顺序空腹称重,每次称重连称两天,两次差别超过3%时,第三天再称一次,取平均值,最后据试验始末体重与天数计算日增重。 [0027] 1.4.2 daily gain weight and feeding trials beginning and end of all cattle weighing an empty stomach in the same order, each weighing even called two days later, when twice the difference exceeds 3%, the third day once again said, averaged, the final daily gain and weight according to the test beginning and end number of days.

[0028] 1.4.3瘤胃液的采集与测定饲养试验期结束后两天,在饲喂前(07 :00)及采食后3、6、9h采用负压装置利用胃管采集瘤胃液200mL,用四层纱布过滤,立即用Startorius BasicpHMeterPB-20型酸度计测定pH值,3000rpm离心10min后取上清液在-40°C冷冻保存。 Collection and Determination of the feeding experiment [0028] 1.4.3 rumen fluid after the end of two days, before feeding (07: 00) and the negative pressure means 3,6,9h rumen fluid collection tube using 200mL after feeding, filtered through four layers of gauze, measured pH with Startorius BasicpHMeterPB-20 type acidity immediately after centrifugation at 3000rpm for 10min and the supernatant stored frozen at -40 ° C. 采用氧化镁直接蒸馏法测定氨态氮。 Determination of ammonium nitrogen magnesium oxide direct distillation. 取瘤胃液1mL,加入0.2mL25%偏磷酸溶液,混合均匀,冰水浴中放置30min后于5000rpm离心10min,然后取上清液,用GC102AF 气相色谱仪测定挥发性脂肪酸(VFA),色谱柱为巾4 (外)X2M玻璃柱,固定相PEG-20M,涂布浓度为3%,载体为ChromsorbWAWDMCS;色谱柱温160°C,汽化室温度200°C;空气压力0• 12Mpa,氢气压力0• 06Mpa,氮气压力0• 08Mpa;氮气(载气)流速30mL/min,氢气流速60mL/min,空气流速360mL/min;灵敏度10-10,衰减16 ;进样量1yL。 Rumen fluid taken 1mL, 0.2mL25% metaphosphoric acid solution was added, mixed well, centrifuged at 5000rpm 10min after 30min placed an ice-water bath, and then the supernatant was measured volatile fatty acids (VFA) GC102AF by gas chromatography column was towel 4 (outer) X2M glass column, stationary phase PEG-20M, 3% concentration applied, the carrier is a ChromsorbWAWDMCS; column temperature 160 ° C, vaporizer temperature of 200 ° C; air pressure 0 • 12Mpa, a hydrogen pressure of 0 • 06Mpa , nitrogen pressure 0 • 08Mpa; nitrogen (carrier gas) flow rate of 30mL / min, hydrogen flow rate of 60mL / min, air flow rate of 360mL / min; 10-10 sensitivity, attenuation 16; injection volume 1yL.

[0029] 1.4.4瘤胃液酶活测定用于分析瘤胃内酶活的瘤胃液样品要立即冰浴,且收集后立刻转移到实验室。 [0029] Enzyme assay 1.4.4 rumen fluid sample for analysis of rumen fluid in the rumen to activity immediately ice bath, and transferred immediately after collection to the laboratory. 将样品在4°C(冰浴,30s脉冲率)用超声波处理10min,然后在4 °C27000Xg下离心20min。 Samples at 4 ° C (ice bath, 30s pulse rate) with ultrasound for 10min, then centrifuged at 4 ° C27000Xg 20min. 收集上清液分析微生物酶活。 The supernatant was collected microbial and enzymatic analysis. 测定CMCase(羧甲基纤维素酶)活性,反应液含1mL0. 1M磷酸盐缓冲液(pH=6. 8),0. 5mL1%羧甲基纤维素和0. 5mL 酶。 Determination of the CMCase (CMCase) activity, a reaction solution containing 1mL0. 1M phosphate buffer (pH = 6. 8), 0. 5mL1% carboxymethylcellulose and 0. 5mL enzymes. 测定木聚糖酶,反应液含0.5mL缓冲液,0.5mL0.25%木聚糖和0.5mL酶。 Determination of xylanase, reaction buffer solution containing 0.5mL, 0.5mL0.25% and 0.5mL xylanase enzyme. 上述反应液需39°C分别培育60、15、30min,加入3mL硝基水杨酸溶液使反应停止,酶解释放的还原糖可通过硝基水杨酸试剂测定(Miller,1959)。 The reaction solution were incubated 39 ° C for an 60,15,30min, added 3mL nitro salicylic acid to stop the reaction, reducing sugars released by enzymatic assay dinitrosalicylic acid reagent (Miller, 1959). 该测定条件下酶活表示为:产生的还原糖(ym)/min•mL〇 The enzyme activity under assay conditions is expressed as: reducing sugars (YM) produced / min • mL〇

[0030] 1. 4. 5样品初水分、DM、0M、CP、Ca和P含量采用试验室常规方法测定;NDF和ADF 采用VanSoest(1991)方法测定。 [0030] 4.5 1. First sample water, DM, 0M, CP, Ca and P content was determined by conventional laboratory methods; Determination of NDF and ADF using VanSoest (1991) method.

[0031] 1.4.6屠宰测定饲养结束后,每个组选择3头健康的体重相似的牛进行屠宰。 After [0031] 1.4.6 Slaughtering feeding, selecting each group of three similar slaughter cattle healthy weight. 屠宰前绝食24h,在屠宰过程中尽量减少动物的应激。 Before slaughter hunger strike 24h, minimize animal stress during slaughter. 宰前称重,宰后去头蹄内脏测定胴体重。 Weighed before slaughter, after slaughter offal measuring head, feet to carcass weight. 0-4°C排酸72h。 0-4 ° C row acid 72h. 在第12至第13胸肋间眼肌切面处测定眼肌面积、背膘厚。 Determination eye area between 12 to 13 Sternocostal - eye, the backfat. 取10-11 肋眼肌肉样去皮、去筋、去脂后,冷冻干燥用于肉样化学成分的测定,包括蛋白、脂肪、灰分和脂肪酸等。 10-11 rib eye muscle samples taken peeled, to the tendons, after degreasing, lyophilized for measuring the chemical composition of the meat samples, including protein, fat, ash, and fatty acids.

[0032] 1. 5数据处理及统计分析 [0032] 1.5 Data processing and statistical analysis

[0033] 数据应用SPSS17. 0统计分析软件的One-way-anova进行方差分析和LSD多重比较。 [0033] data applications SPSS17. 0 statistical analysis software One-way-anova analysis of variance and LSD multiple comparisons.

[0034] 2 •试验结果 [0034] 2 • Test results

[0035] 由表2可见,试验组育肥牛瘤胃总挥发性脂肪酸、乙酸、丙酸和丁酸浓度显著高于对照组(K0. 05);试验组瘤胃液乙酸与丙酸比例显著低于对照组(K0. 05)。 [0035] Table 2 shows the test group fattening cattle rumen total volatile fatty acids, acetic, propionic and butyric acid concentration was significantly higher (K0 05.); Test group with rumen fluid acetate propionate ratio was significantly lower than the control group (K0. 05). 试验组瘤胃液中羧甲基纤维素酶和木聚糖酶活性显著高于对照组(K〇. 05)。 Test group rumen fluid carboxymethyl cellulase and xylanase activity was significantly higher (K〇. 05). 育肥牛采食量和平均日增重显著增加,试验组干物质采食量和显著平均日增重高于对照组(K0. 05),试验组饲料转化效率显著优于对照组(/M). 05)。 Fattening cattle feed intake and a significant increase in average daily gain, dry matter intake and the test group was significantly higher average daily gain (K0. 05), feed conversion efficiency of the test group was significantly better than the control group (/ M) 05). 其中,提高了育肥牛瘤胃纤维素酶活力10. 6%~13.2%, 提高了木聚糖酶活力11. 4%~14. 7%,提高了育肥牛采食量15%~20%,日增重提高18%~ 25%〇 Wherein the improved cellulase activity fattening cattle rumen 10.6% to 13.2%, an increase of xylanase activity 11.4% ~ 14.7%, fattening cattle feed intake increased by 15% to 20%, on weight gain increased by 18% to 25% square

[0036] 表2 饲料添加剂对育肥牛瘤胃发酵、瘤胃液酶活性、采食量、日增重和饲料转化效率的影响 [0036] Table 2 Feed additives for fattening cattle rumen fermentation, rumen juice activity, feed intake, average daily gain and feed conversion efficiency

[0037] [0037]

Figure CN104012789BD00061

[0038] 注:同行字母a,b中有相同的表示差异不显著(尸>0.05),字母不同者表示差异显著(尸〈0• 05)。 [0038] Note: counterparts letters a, b have the same representation in no significant difference (P> 0.05), represented by different letters significantly different (P <0 • 05).

[0039] 由表3可见,试验组屠宰体重、胴体重、屠宰率、净肉重、净肉率、背膘厚度、大理石花纹和眼肌面积均显著优于对照组(K0. 05)。 [0039] Table 3 shows the test group slaughter weight, carcass weight, dressing percentage, meat weight, meat percentage, backfat thickness, loin eye area and marbling were significantly better than the control group (K0. 05). 其中,背膘厚度、大理石花纹和眼肌面积分别比对照提高了18. 7% ~21. 4%、31. 7% ~35. 4% 和5. 7% ~6. 4%。 Wherein backfat thickness, loin eye area and marbling increased by 18.7% ~ 21.4% compared with the control, 31.7% ~ 35.4% and 5.7% ~ 6.4%.

[0040] 表3 饲料添加剂对育肥牛屠宰性能的影响 [0040] Table 3 Effect of feed additives in fattening cattle slaughter performance

[0041 ] [0041]

Figure CN104012789BD00062

[0042] 注:同行字母a,b中有相同的表示差异不显著(尸>0.05),字母不同者表示差异显著(尸〈0• 05)。 [0042] Note: counterparts letters a, b have the same representation in no significant difference (P> 0.05), represented by different letters significantly different (P <0 • 05).

[0043] 由表4可见,试验组粗脂肪和灰分含量均显著高于对照组(K0. 05);肌肉中不饱和脂肪酸含量(亚油酸、亚麻油酸、花生四烯酸、二十碳五烯酸、二十二碳二烯酸和二十二碳六烯酸)显著高于对照组,牛肉风味得到明显改善。 [0043] Table 4 shows, fat and ash content test group were significantly higher (K0 05.); Muscle unsaturated fatty acids (linoleic acid, linolenic acid, arachidonic acid, eicosenoic five acid, docosadienoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid) was significantly higher in beef flavor has been significantly improved. 其中粗脂肪和灰分含量分别比对照提高了34. 7%~36. 2%和21. 8%~23. 4% ;亚油酸、亚麻油酸、花生四烯酸、二十碳五烯酸、二十二碳二烯酸和二十二碳六烯酸分别提高了43. 7%~46. 2%、15. 5%~16. 9%、25. 8%~27. 2%、 48. 5% ~51. 9%、48. 8% ~53. 1% 和54. 5% ~57. 9%。 Crude fat and ash content were increased compared with the control of 34.7% ~ 362%, and 21.8% to 23 4%;. Linoleic acid, linolenic acid, arachidonic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid , docosadienoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid increased by 43.7% ~ 46.2%, 15.5% ~ 16.9%, 25.8% ~ 27.2%, 48 5% 51.9%, 48.8% ~ 53.1% and 54.5% ~ 57.9%.

[0044] 表4 饲料添加剂对育肥牛肌肉成分和脂肪酸含量的影响 [0044] Table 4 Effect of fattening cattle feed additive for fatty acid content and muscle composition

[0045] [0045]

Figure CN104012789BD00071

[0046] 注:同行字母a,b中有相同的表示差异不显著(尸>0.05),字母不同者表示差异显著(尸〈0• 05)。 [0046] Note: counterparts letters a, b have the same representation in no significant difference (P> 0.05), represented by different letters significantly different (P <0 • 05).

[0047] 本发明的有益效果 [0047] Advantageous effects of the present invention.

[0048] 本发明能够替代目前畜牧生产中抗生素类、化学合成药物和激素类的使用,可以促进肉牛对饲料营养的消化、吸收和代谢,提高肌间脂肪含量,改善牛肉风味,益于人体健康,同时增加养殖效益。 [0048] The present invention can replace the current use of antibiotics in livestock production, synthetic drugs and hormones can promote digestion of beef cattle on feed nutrition, absorption and metabolism, increase intramuscular fat content, improve beef flavor, benefit human health while increasing the breeding efficiency. 具体表现在:(1)采用本发明牛肉风味调控饲料添加剂比对照提高了育肥牛瘤胃纤维素酶活力10. 6%~13. 2%,提高了木聚糖酶活力11. 4%~14. 7% ;提高了育肥牛采食量15%~20%,日增重提高了18%~25%。 Specific features: (1) beef flavor feed additive of the present invention to improve the regulation of fattening cattle rumen cellulase activity 10.6% ~ 132% higher than the control, increased xylanase activity 14 ~ 11.4%. 7%; fattening cattle feed intake increased by 15% to 20%, average daily gain increased by 18% to 25%. (2)采用本发明牛肉风味调控饲料添加剂后,背膘厚度、大理石花纹和眼肌面积分别比对照提高了18. 7%~21. 4%、31. 7%~35. 4% 和5. 7%~6. 4%。 (2) With the present invention, the beef flavor feed additive regulation, backfat thickness, loin eye area and marbling increased by 18.7% ~ 21.4% compared with the control, 31.7% ~ 35.4%, and 5. from 7% to 6.4%. (3)采用本发明牛肉风味调控饲料添加剂后,粗脂肪和灰分含量分别比对照提高了34. 7%~36. 2%和21. 8%~23. 4% ;亚油酸、亚麻油酸、花生四烯酸、二十碳五烯酸、二十二碳二烯酸和二十二碳六烯酸分别比对照提高了43. 7%~46. 2%、15. 5%~16. 9%、 25. 8% ~27. 2%、48. 5% ~51. 9%、48. 8% ~53. 1% 和54. 5% ~57. 9%。 (3) The regulation of beef flavor feed additive of the invention, crude fat and ash content increased by 34.7% ~ 362%, and 21.8% to 23 4% compared with the control;. Linoleic acid, linolenic acid , arachidonic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, docosadienoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid increased by 43.7% ~ 46.2% compared with the control, 15.5% ~ 16. 9%, 25.8% ~ 27.2%, 48.5% ~ 51.9%, 48.8% ~ 53.1% and 54.5% ~ 57.9%.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0049] 下面结合具体实施例对本发明作进一步说明。 [0049] The following embodiments in conjunction with specific embodiments of the present invention will be further described.

[0050] 实施例1 [0050] Example 1

[0051] 制备牛肉风味调控饲料添加剂,采用以下质量份的原料配制而成:山楂10份、陈皮6份、松针粉15份、黄芪8份、当归6份、桂皮6份、亚麻油32份、食用油固化剂2份、膨润土13份、酪蛋白10份、0. 2%氢氧化钠溶液200份、甲醛溶液0. 06份。 [0051] Preparation of beef flavor feed additive regulation, the following parts by mass of raw material prepared from: 10 parts of hawthorn, tangerine peel 6 parts, 15 parts pine needle powder, tragacanth 8 parts, 6 parts of angelica, cinnamon 6 parts, 32 parts of linseed oil, curing agent 2 parts oil, 13 parts of bentonite, 10 parts of casein, 200 parts of 0.2% sodium hydroxide solution, 0.06 parts of a formaldehyde solution.

[0052] 制备方法如下: [0052] was prepared as follows:

[0053] ( 1)取将上述质量份的山楂、陈皮、松针粉、黄芪、当归、桂皮筛选去杂、粉碎过120~150目筛; [0053] (1) taking the above-mentioned parts by mass of hawthorn, orange peel, pine needle powder, astragalus, angelica, cinnamon screening to mixed, sifted through a 120 mesh to 150 mesh;

[0054] (2)将32份亚麻油用2份食用油固化剂固化后,再与13份膨润土混合搅拌制成芯材; After [0054] (2) 32 parts of linseed oil with 2 parts of a curing agent curing, and then mixed with 13 parts of bentonite was stirred prepared core material;

[0055] (3)用0• 2% 200份氢氧化钠溶液溶解10份酪蛋白后,再加入0• 06份甲醛溶液,制得壁材; After [0055] (3) 10 parts of casein was dissolved by 0 • 2% 200 parts of sodium hydroxide solution was added 0 • 06 parts of a formaldehyde solution, prepared by wall material;

[0056] (4)将(2)制备的芯材投入包衣机内,预热至35~40°C,并引风使之悬浮在包衣室内,继续预热包衣机至40~45°C,调节喷雾压力在0. 3MPa,将(3)制备的壁材喷入包衣机包衣室内进行包膜,制成过瘤胃亚麻油; [0056] (4) (2) Preparation of core material into the coating machine, preheated to 35 ~ 40 ° C, and the wind and suspended in a coating chamber, coating machine preheated to 40 to continue to 45 ° C, spray pressure regulating 0. 3MPa, the (3) preparation of the wall material is injected into the coater for a coating chamber envelope, made of the rumen linseed oil;

[0057] (5)将(1)制备的中草药粉剂与(4)制备的过瘤胃亚麻油混合均匀后包装,即得本发明的牛肉风味调控饲料添加剂。 [0057] (5) A herbal powders (1) Preparation of Preparation of (4) is uniformly mixed rumen linseed oil packaging, beef flavor of the present invention to obtain feed additive regulation. 将该牛肉风味调控饲料添加剂按肉牛混合精料1%的质量份直接加入混合均匀即可。 The regulation of beef flavor concentrate feed additive mixture according to cattle parts of 1% by mass is added directly mixed evenly.

[0058] 实施例2 [0058] Example 2

[0059] 制备牛肉风味调控饲料添加剂,采用以下质量份的原料配制而成:山楂15份、陈皮8份、松针粉18份、黄芪10份、当归8份、桂皮8份、亚麻油38份、食用油固化剂3份、膨润土15份、酪蛋白11份、0. 2%氢氧化钠溶液220份、甲醛溶液0. 07份。 [0059] Preparation of beef flavor feed additive regulation, the following parts by mass of raw material prepared from: 15 parts of hawthorn, Citrus 8 parts, 18 parts pine needle powder, 10 parts of Astragalus, Angelica 8 parts, cinnamon 8 parts, 38 parts of linseed oil, curing agent 3 parts oil, 15 parts of bentonite, 11 parts of casein, 220 parts of 0.2% sodium hydroxide solution, 0.07 parts of a formaldehyde solution.

[0060] 制备方法如下: [0060] was prepared as follows:

[0061] ( 1)取将上述质量份的山楂、陈皮、松针粉、黄芪、当归、桂皮筛选去杂、粉碎过120~150目筛; [0061] (1) taking the above-mentioned parts by mass of hawthorn, orange peel, pine needle powder, astragalus, angelica, cinnamon screening to mixed, sifted through a 120 mesh to 150 mesh;

[0062] (2)将38份亚麻油用3份食用油固化剂固化后,再与15份膨润土混合搅拌制成芯材; After [0062] (2) 38 parts of linseed oil with 3 parts of a curing agent, curing, and then mixed with 15 parts of bentonite was stirred prepared core material;

[0063] (3)用0. 2% 220份氢氧化钠溶液溶解11份酪蛋白后,再加入0. 07份甲醛溶液,制得壁材; After [0063] (3) 11 parts of casein was dissolved with 220 parts of 0.2% sodium hydroxide solution was added 0.07 parts of a formaldehyde solution, prepared by wall material;

[0064] (4)将(2)制备的芯材投入包衣机内,预热至35~40°C,并引风使之悬浮在包衣室内,继续预热包衣机至40~45°C,调节喷雾压力在0. 3MPa,将(3)制备的壁材喷入包衣机包衣室内进行包膜,制成过瘤胃亚麻油; [0064] (4) (2) Preparation of core material into the coating machine, preheated to 35 ~ 40 ° C, and the wind and suspended in a coating chamber, coating machine preheated to 40 to continue to 45 ° C, spray pressure regulating 0. 3MPa, the (3) preparation of the wall material is injected into the coater for a coating chamber envelope, made of the rumen linseed oil;

[0065] (5)将(1)制备的中草药粉剂与(4)制备的过瘤胃亚麻油混合均匀后包装,即得本发明的牛肉风味调控饲料添加剂。 [0065] (5) A herbal powders (1) Preparation of Preparation of (4) is uniformly mixed rumen linseed oil packaging, beef flavor of the present invention to obtain feed additive regulation. 将该牛肉风味调控饲料添加剂按肉牛混合精料2%的质量份直接加入混合均匀即可。 The regulation of beef flavor concentrate feed additive mixture according to 2% parts by mass cattle added directly mixed evenly.

[0066] 实施例3 [0066] Example 3

[0067] 制备牛肉风味调控饲料添加剂,采用以下质量份的原料配制而成:山楂13份、陈皮7份、松针粉16份、黄芪9份、当归7份、桂皮7份、亚麻油35份、食用油固化剂2. 5份、 膨润土14份、酪蛋白10. 5份、0. 2%氢氧化钠溶液210份、甲醛溶液0. 065份。 [0067] Preparation of beef flavor feed additive regulation, the following parts by mass of raw material prepared from: 13 parts of hawthorn, tangerine peel 7 parts, 16 parts of pine needle powder, tragacanth 9 parts, 7 parts angelica, cinnamon 7 parts, 35 parts of linseed oil, 2.5 parts of a curing agent, edible oil, 14 parts of bentonite, 10.5 parts of casein, 210 parts of 0.2% solution of sodium hydroxide, 0.065 parts of formaldehyde solution.

[0068] 制备方法如下: [0068] was prepared as follows:

[0069] (1)取将上述质量份的山楂、陈皮、松针粉、黄芪、当归、桂皮筛选去杂、粉碎过120~150目筛; [0069] (1) taking the above-mentioned parts by mass of hawthorn, orange peel, pine needle powder, astragalus, angelica, cinnamon screening to mixed, sifted through a 120 mesh to 150 mesh;

[0070] (2)将35份亚麻油用2. 5份食用油固化剂固化后,再与14份膨润土混合搅拌制成芯材; After [0070] (2) 35 parts of linseed oil with 2.5 parts of a curing agent, curing, and then mixed with 14 parts of bentonite was stirred prepared core material;

[0071](3)用0. 2% 210份氢氧化钠溶液溶解10. 5份酪蛋白后,再加入0. 065份甲醛溶液,制得壁材; After [0071] (3) were dissolved 10.5 parts of casein with 210 parts of 0.2% sodium hydroxide solution was added 0.065 parts of a formaldehyde solution, prepared by wall material;

[0072] (4)将(2)制备的芯材投入包衣机内,预热至35~40°C,并引风使之悬浮在包衣室内,继续预热包衣机至40~45°C,调节喷雾压力在0. 3MPa,将(3)制备的壁材喷入包衣机包衣室内进行包膜,制成过瘤胃亚麻油; [0072] (4) (2) Preparation of core material into the coating machine, preheated to 35 ~ 40 ° C, and the wind and suspended in a coating chamber, coating machine preheated to 40 to continue to 45 ° C, spray pressure regulating 0. 3MPa, the (3) preparation of the wall material is injected into the coater for a coating chamber envelope, made of the rumen linseed oil;

[0073] (5)将⑴制备的中草药粉剂与(4)制备的过瘤胃亚麻油混合均匀后包装,即得本发明的牛肉风味调控饲料添加剂。 [0073] (5) The herbal powder prepared ⑴ rumen and linseed oil (4) Preparation of mixed uniformly packed, beef flavor of the present invention to obtain feed additive regulation. 将该牛肉风味调控饲料添加剂按肉牛混合精料3%的质量份直接加入混合均匀即可。 The regulation of beef flavor concentrate feed additive mixture according to cattle parts of 3% by mass is added directly mixed evenly.

[0074] 实施例4 [0074] Example 4

[0075] 制备牛肉风味调控饲料添加剂,采用以下质量份的原料配制而成:山楂10份、陈皮8份、松针粉15份、黄芪10份、当归6份、桂皮8份、亚麻油32份、食用油固化剂3份、膨润土13份、酪蛋白11份、0. 2%氢氧化钠溶液200份、甲醛溶液0. 07份。 [0075] Preparation of beef flavor feed additive regulation, the following parts by mass of raw material prepared from: 10 parts of hawthorn, Citrus 8 parts, 15 parts pine needle powder, 10 parts of Astragalus, Angelica 6 parts, 8 parts of cinnamon, 32 parts of linseed oil, curing agent 3 parts oil, 13 parts of bentonite, 11 parts of casein, 200 parts of 0.2% sodium hydroxide solution, 0.07 parts of a formaldehyde solution.

[0076] 制备方法如下: [0076] was prepared as follows:

[0077] ( 1)取将上述质量份的山楂、陈皮、松针粉、黄芪、当归、桂皮筛选去杂、粉碎过120~150目筛; [0077] (1) taking the above-mentioned parts by mass of hawthorn, orange peel, pine needle powder, astragalus, angelica, cinnamon screening to mixed, sifted through a 120 mesh to 150 mesh;

[0078] (2)将32份亚麻油用3份食用油固化剂固化后,再与13份膨润土混合搅拌制成芯材; After [0078] (2) 32 parts of linseed oil with 3 parts of a curing agent, curing, and then mixed with 13 parts of bentonite was stirred prepared core material;

[0079] (3)用0• 2% 200份氢氧化钠溶液溶解11份酪蛋白后,再加入0• 07份甲醛溶液,制得壁材; After [0079] (3) were dissolved 11 parts of casein with 0 • 2% 200 parts of sodium hydroxide solution was added 0 • 07 parts of a formaldehyde solution, prepared by wall material;

[0080] (4)将(2)制备的芯材投入包衣机内,预热至35~40°C,并引风使之悬浮在包衣室内,继续预热包衣机至40~45°C,调节喷雾压力在0. 3MPa,将(3)制备的壁材喷入包衣机包衣室内进行包膜,制成过瘤胃亚麻油; [0080] (4) (2) Preparation of core material into the coating machine, preheated to 35 ~ 40 ° C, and the wind and suspended in a coating chamber, coating machine preheated to 40 to continue to 45 ° C, spray pressure regulating 0. 3MPa, the (3) preparation of the wall material is injected into the coater for a coating chamber envelope, made of the rumen linseed oil;

[0081] (5)将(1)制备的中草药粉剂与(4)制备的过瘤胃亚麻油混合均匀后包装,即得本发明的牛肉风味调控饲料添加剂。 [0081] (5) A herbal powders (1) Preparation of Preparation of (4) is uniformly mixed rumen linseed oil packaging, beef flavor of the present invention to obtain feed additive regulation. 将该牛肉风味调控饲料添加剂按肉牛混合精料1. 5%的质量份直接加入混合均匀即可。 The regulation of beef flavor concentrate feed additive mixture according to cattle parts by mass of 1.5% were added directly mixed evenly.

[0082] 实施例5 [0082] Example 5

[0083] 制备牛肉风味调控饲料添加剂,采用以下质量份的原料配制而成:山楂15份、陈皮6份、松针粉18份、黄芪8份、当归8份、桂皮6份、亚麻油38份、食用油固化剂2份、膨润土15份、酪蛋白10份、0. 2%氢氧化钠溶液220份、甲醛溶液0. 06份。 [0083] Preparation of beef flavor feed additive regulation, the following parts by mass of raw material prepared from: 15 parts of hawthorn, Citrus 6 parts, 18 parts of pine needle powder, tragacanth parts 8, 8 parts angelica, cinnamon 6 parts, 38 parts of linseed oil, curing agent 2 parts oil, 15 parts of bentonite, 10 parts of casein, 220 parts of 0.2% sodium hydroxide solution, 0.06 parts of a formaldehyde solution.

[0084] 制备方法如下: [0084] was prepared as follows:

[0085] ( 1)取将上述质量份的山楂、陈皮、松针粉、黄芪、当归、桂皮筛选去杂、粉碎过120~150目筛; [0085] (1) taking the above-mentioned parts by mass of hawthorn, orange peel, pine needle powder, astragalus, angelica, cinnamon screening to mixed, sifted through a 120 mesh to 150 mesh;

[0086] (2)将38份亚麻油用3份食用油固化剂固化后,再与15份膨润土混合搅拌制成芯材; After [0086] (2) 38 parts of linseed oil with 3 parts of a curing agent, curing, and then mixed with 15 parts of bentonite was stirred prepared core material;

[0087] (3)用0. 2% 220份氢氧化钠溶液溶解10份酪蛋白后,再加入0. 06份甲醛溶液,制得壁材; After [0087] (3) 10 parts of casein was dissolved with 220 parts of 0.2% sodium hydroxide solution was added 0.06 parts of a formaldehyde solution, prepared by wall material;

[0088] (4)将(2)制备的芯材投入包衣机内,预热至35~40°C,并引风使之悬浮在包衣室内,继续预热包衣机至40~45°C,调节喷雾压力在0. 3MPa,将(3)制备的壁材喷入包衣机包衣室内进行包膜,制成过瘤胃亚麻油; [0088] (4) (2) Preparation of core material into the coating machine, preheated to 35 ~ 40 ° C, and the wind and suspended in a coating chamber, coating machine preheated to 40 to continue to 45 ° C, spray pressure regulating 0. 3MPa, the (3) preparation of the wall material is injected into the coater for a coating chamber envelope, made of the rumen linseed oil;

[0089](5)将(1)制备的中草药粉剂与(4)制备的过瘤胃亚麻油混合均匀后包装,即得本发明的牛肉风味调控饲料添加剂。 [0089] (5) A herbal powders (1) Preparation of Preparation of (4) is uniformly mixed rumen linseed oil packaging, beef flavor of the present invention to obtain feed additive regulation. 将该牛肉风味调控饲料添加剂按肉牛混合精料2. 5%的质量份直接加入混合均匀即可。 The regulation of beef flavor concentrate feed additive mixture according to cattle parts by mass of 2.5% were added directly mixed evenly.

[0090] 实施例6 [0090] Example 6

[0091] 制备牛肉风味调控饲料添加剂,采用以下质量份的原料配制而成:山楂12~14 份、陈皮7~7. 5份、松针粉16~17份、黄芪9~9. 5份、当归7~7. 5份、桂皮7~7. 5 份、亚麻油34~36份、食用油固化剂2~2. 5份、膨润土14~15份、酪蛋白10~10. 5份、 0. 2%氢氧化钠溶液210~215份、甲醛溶液0. 06~0. 07份。 [0091] Preparation of beef flavor feed additive regulation, the following parts by mass of raw material prepared from: 12 to 14 parts by Hawthorn, Citrus 7 to 75 parts, 16 to 17 parts pine needle powder, tragacanth 9 to 95 parts, Angelica. 7 to 7.5 parts, cinnamon 7 to 7.5 parts, 34 to 36 parts linseed oil, 2 to 2.5 parts of a curing agent of edible oil, 14 to 15 parts bentonite, 10 to 10.5 parts of casein, 0. 2% sodium hydroxide solution and 210 to 215 parts of a formaldehyde solution 0.06 ~ 0.07 parts.

[0092] 制备方法如下: [0092] was prepared as follows:

[0093] ( 1)取将上述质量份的山楂、陈皮、松针粉、黄芪、当归、桂皮筛选去杂、粉碎过120~150目筛; [0093] (1) taking the above-mentioned parts by mass of hawthorn, orange peel, pine needle powder, astragalus, angelica, cinnamon screening to mixed, sifted through a 120 mesh to 150 mesh;

[0094] (2)将34~36份亚麻油用2~2. 5份食用油固化剂固化后,再与14~15份膨润土混合搅拌制成芯材; After [0094] (2) 34 to 36 parts of linseed oil with 2 to 25 parts Solidified oil, then with 14 to 15 parts of bentonite were mixed and stirred prepared core material;

[0095] (3)用0. 2% 210~215份氢氧化钠溶液溶解10~10. 5份酪蛋白后,再加入0. 06~0. 07份甲醛溶液,制得壁材; After [0095] (3) was dissolved in 10 to 105 parts of casein with 0.2% sodium hydroxide solution and 210 to 215 parts, was added 0.06 ~ 007 parts of formaldehyde solution, prepared by wall material.;

[0096] (4)将(2)制备的芯材投入包衣机内,预热至35~40°C,并引风使之悬浮在包衣室内,继续预热包衣机至40~45°C,调节喷雾压力在0. 3MPa,将(3)制备的壁材喷入包衣机包衣室内进行包膜,制成过瘤胃亚麻油; [0096] (4) (2) Preparation of core material into the coating machine, preheated to 35 ~ 40 ° C, and the wind and suspended in a coating chamber, coating machine preheated to 40 to continue to 45 ° C, spray pressure regulating 0. 3MPa, the (3) preparation of the wall material is injected into the coater for a coating chamber envelope, made of the rumen linseed oil;

[0097] (5)将(1)制备的中草药粉剂与(4)制备的过瘤胃亚麻油混合均匀后包装,即得本发明的牛肉风味调控饲料添加剂。 [0097] (5) A herbal powders (1) Preparation of Preparation of (4) is uniformly mixed rumen linseed oil packaging, beef flavor of the present invention to obtain feed additive regulation. 将该牛肉风味调控饲料添加剂按肉牛混合精料2%的质量份直接加入混合均匀即可。 The regulation of beef flavor concentrate feed additive mixture according to 2% parts by mass cattle added directly mixed evenly.

Claims (2)

  1. 1. 一种牛肉风味调控饲料添加剂,其特征在于,添加剂由以下质量份的原料配制而成: 山楂10~15份、陈皮6~8份、松针粉15~18份、黄芪8~10份、当归6~8份、桂皮6~8份、亚麻油32~38份、食用油固化剂2~3份、膨润土13~15份、酪蛋白10~11 份、0. 2%氢氧化钠溶液200~220份、甲醛溶液0. 06~0. 07份;所述的亚麻油、食用油固化剂和酪蛋白要符合食品级添加剂标准;所述的膨润土符合饲料级添加剂标准; 所述的牛肉风味调控饲料添加剂的制备方法,包括如下步骤: (1) 取山楂10~15份、陈皮6~8份、松针粉15~18份、黄芪8~10份、当归6~8 份、桂皮6~8份,将上述中草药原料筛选去杂、然后粉碎过120~150目筛,备用; (2) 将32~38份亚麻油用商业销售的食用油固化剂固化; (3) 将(2)制备的固化食用油与13~15份膨润土混合搅拌制成芯材,备用; (4) 用200~220份0. 2%氢氧化钠溶液溶解10~11份酪蛋白 A beef flavor regulation feed additive, wherein the additive is formulated from the following raw materials in parts by mass: 10 to 15 parts of Hawthorn, Citrus 6 to 8 parts, 15 to 18 parts pine needle powder, tragacanth 8 to 10 parts, 6 to 8 parts angelica, cinnamon 6 to 8 parts, 32 to 38 parts linseed oil, 2 to 3 parts of a curing agent, edible oil, 13 to 15 parts bentonite, 10 to 11 parts of casein, 0.2% sodium hydroxide solution and 200 to 220 parts of a formaldehyde solution 0.06 - 007 parts; the linseed oil, cooking oil, and a curing agent casein food-grade additive to meet the standards; the additive feed grade bentonite compliance standard; the beef flavor preparation regulation feed additive, comprising the steps of: (1) taking hawthorn 10 to 15 parts, Citrus 6-8 parts, pine needle powder 15 to 18 parts, tragacanth 8 to 10 parts, angelica 6-8 parts, cinnamon 6-8 parts of the above-described selection of raw materials to mixed herbs, then crushed through a 120 mesh to 150 mesh, the standby; (2) 32 to 38 parts of linseed oil cured with a curing agent sold commercially; (3) (2) preparation of solidified oil and 13 to 15 parts of bentonite were mixed and stirred prepared core, standby; (4) 200 to 220 parts of 0.2% aqueous sodium hydroxide solution was dissolved 10 to 11 parts of casein ,再加入0. 06~0. 07 份甲醛溶液,制得壁材,备用; (5) 将(3)制备的芯材投入包衣机内,预热至35~40°C,并引风使之悬浮在包衣室内, 继续预热包衣机至40~45°C,调节喷雾压力在0. 3MPa,将(4)制备的壁材喷入包衣机包衣室内进行包膜,制成过瘤胃亚麻油; (6) 将⑴制备的中草药粉剂与(5)制备的过瘤胃亚麻油混合均匀后包装,即得成品。 , Then add 0.06 ~ 007 parts of formaldehyde solution, prepared by wall material, alternate;. (5) (3) Preparation of core material into the coating machine, preheated to 35 ~ 40 ° C, and the wind and suspended in a coating chamber, coating machine continues preheated to 40 ~ 45 ° C, spray pressure regulating 0. 3MPa, the (4) preparation of the wall material is injected into the indoor envelope coater coating, prepared linseed oil into the rumen; (6) through the rumen linseed ⑴ and herbal powders prepared in preparation (5) of the mixed packaging, i.e., finished.
  2. 2. 根据权利要求1所述的牛肉风味调控饲料添加剂的使用方法是,将按权利要求1制成的牛肉风味调控饲料添加剂按肉牛混合精料质量的1%~3%直接加入混合均匀即可饲喂。 2. The method of claim 1 using beef flavor additives are regulated feed, beef flavor regulation will be made of a feed additive according to claim 1 mixed beef% to 3% by mass of concentrate added directly mixed to claim feeding.
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101019838A (en) * 2007-02-12 2007-08-22 清华大学 Linseed oil microcapsule powder and its prepn
CN101623053A (en) * 2009-07-31 2010-01-13 山西天沐合生农牧科技开发有限公司 Chinese herbal medicine feed additive with pine needle flavor for fattening lambs
CN101700103A (en) * 2009-09-17 2010-05-05 河南省农业科学院 Core premix for organic beef cattle
CN101912034A (en) * 2010-08-28 2010-12-15 青岛农业大学 Protective fat of rumen bypass substance
CN102934747A (en) * 2012-10-17 2013-02-20 河南科技大学 Chinese herbal feed additive for weight increase and beef quality improvement at late beef cattle fattening stage
CN103300258A (en) * 2013-07-11 2013-09-18 曾勇 Special feed additive for fattened cattle

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101019838A (en) * 2007-02-12 2007-08-22 清华大学 Linseed oil microcapsule powder and its prepn
CN101623053A (en) * 2009-07-31 2010-01-13 山西天沐合生农牧科技开发有限公司 Chinese herbal medicine feed additive with pine needle flavor for fattening lambs
CN101700103A (en) * 2009-09-17 2010-05-05 河南省农业科学院 Core premix for organic beef cattle
CN101912034A (en) * 2010-08-28 2010-12-15 青岛农业大学 Protective fat of rumen bypass substance
CN102934747A (en) * 2012-10-17 2013-02-20 河南科技大学 Chinese herbal feed additive for weight increase and beef quality improvement at late beef cattle fattening stage
CN103300258A (en) * 2013-07-11 2013-09-18 曾勇 Special feed additive for fattened cattle

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