CN104008241A - System and method for multi-window linked line selection and tower arrangement positioning of power transmission lines - Google Patents

System and method for multi-window linked line selection and tower arrangement positioning of power transmission lines Download PDF

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CN104008241A
CN104008241A CN201410224749.4A CN201410224749A CN104008241A CN 104008241 A CN104008241 A CN 104008241A CN 201410224749 A CN201410224749 A CN 201410224749A CN 104008241 A CN104008241 A CN 104008241A
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tower
module
route selection
ranking
dimensional
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CN104008241B (en
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张瑞永
赵新宇
孙纯军
陶青松
张瑞龙
姚成
马军
赵纪倩
奚海波
崔君瑞
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Jiangsu Electric Power Design Institute
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Jiangsu Electric Power Design Institute
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E40/00Technologies for an efficient electrical power generation, transmission or distribution
    • Y02E40/70Smart grids as climate change mitigation technology in the energy generation sector

Abstract

The invention discloses a system and a method for multi-window linked line selection and tower arrangement positioning of power transmission lines. The system and the method are used for realizing real-time linkage of multi-window line selection, tower arrangement positioning and scene modeling. The method comprises the steps of selecting line routes by use of a two-dimensional line selection module and by virtue of message communication and a real-time linkage common database, and determining corner poles, performing discretization on a digital elevation model along the center of lines and a windage yaw line to extract section data, realizing manual and intelligent optimized arrangement of poles and towers by use of a pole and tower arrangement module, carrying out linked feedback of tower coordinates after arrangement to a GIS (Geographic Information System) line selection module, and carrying out scene modeling, fine adjustment and calculation verification in real time in a three-dimensional scene modeling module and a calculation verification module. The system and the method is characterized in that the advantages of two dimensions and three dimensions are combined, multi-dimensional information such as geographical distribution, topography and landforms, crisscross spanning objects and power transmission equipment, and multi-window linkage of line selection, tower arrangement positioning, calculation verification and three-dimensional scene modeling module is realized, and therefore, the traditional operation manner can be effectively improved and the working efficiency can be raised.

Description

A kind of transmission line of electricity multiwindow interlock route selection, row's tower positioning system and method
Technical field
The present invention relates to power transmission engineering design and computer realm, be specifically related to a kind of for realizing method for designing and the system of the multiwindow interlock of route selection, row tower location, calculation check and three-dimensional scenic MBM.
Background technology
In Transmission Line Design, routing and row's tower positioning relation are to convenience and the safety of the cost of circuit and construction, operation, a job with very strong policy, technical, practicality, need survey and design personnel scene to make an on-the-spot survey on the spot and collect photo, landform and tower position data, and carry out according to the design process that surveys eventually line, plane cross section and row's tower location.But, geology more, with a varied topography at barrier changes area greatly, line route is determining the selection of tower position, whether, this just needs designer repeatedly to carry out the modification of alignment, location, thereby affects quality and the efficiency of line design in the establishment that local tower position affects again route scheme.Therefore, for adapting to line design advanced IT application, the developing direction of robotization, change traditional alignment, the problem that locator meams rework rate is high, improve quality and the efficiency of line design, need to be by two-dimentional route selection, three-dimensional scenic modeling, the transmission line of electricity route selections such as shaft tower ranking and calculation check, the intelligent real-time Transmission of ranking process implementation data, transmission line of electricity data modification is frequent, and interrelated large, if two-dimentional route selection, three-dimensional scenic modeling, between shaft tower ranking and calculation check, directly carry out the mutual of data, volume of transmitted data is large, and data easily produce conflict, the bit error rate is high.
Need to develop a kind of transmission line of electricity multiwindow interlock route selection, row's tower positioning system, address the above problem.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is the weak point for avoiding above-mentioned existing operating type to exist, a kind of transmission line of electricity multiwindow interlock route selection, row's tower localization method and system are provided, can be in two dimension, the alignment that synchronously carries out transmission line of electricity, section and the location work of row's tower in three-dimensional many windows, the operation of the realization " with line selection position, with position main track " of interlock in real time, realize the real-time interactive of message between two-dimentional route selection, three-dimensional scenic modeling, shaft tower ranking and calculation check, greatly reduce the amount of doing over again of design, make design proposal more economical rationally.
The present invention is that technical solution problem adopts following technical scheme: a kind of transmission line of electricity multiwindow interlock route selection, row's tower positioning system, comprise real-time interlock public database, two-dimentional route selection module, shaft tower ranking module, calculation check module and three-dimensional scenic MBM.
Two dimension route selection module, shaft tower ranking module, calculation check module, three-dimensional scenic MBM are linked in sequence successively, two dimension route selection module is connected with three-dimensional scenic MBM, interlock public database is connected with two-dimentional route selection module, shaft tower ranking module, calculation check module, three-dimensional scenic MBM in real time, and the public database that links in real time links in real time and upgrades the data message from two-dimentional route selection module, shaft tower ranking module, calculation check module, three-dimensional scenic MBM.
Two dimension route selection module is used for choosing power transmission line circuit path, and profile data extracts, and determines corner pile, and the message that line route, profile data have been occurred to revise sends to respectively shaft tower ranking module, three-dimensional scenic MBM.
Shaft tower ranking module is used for optimizing shaft tower ranking, and tower position coordinate feedback message is sent to two-dimentional route selection module, and carries out tower tower position interlock interacting message with calculation check module.
Calculation check module, for the verification of three-dimensional scenic modeling, is carried out checking and debugging to tower tower bit data information, and the message of tower tower position adjustment is sent to shaft tower ranking module.
Three-dimensional scenic MBM is for three-dimensional scenic modeling based on three-dimensional path data message, tower tower position information, carries out the interacting message of route adjust with two-dimentional route selection module, meanwhile, carries out three-dimensional linkage interacting message with calculation check module.
Calculation check module, three-dimensional scenic MBM are connected, and realize three-dimensional scenic modeling, tower bit shift and become more meticulous and adjust and tower position calculation check; Two dimension route selection module is connected with shaft tower ranking module, and two-dimentional route selection module sends to shaft tower ranking module by the extraction message of profile data, and shaft tower ranking module is revised message by tower position coordinate and sent to two-dimentional route selection module; Two dimension route selection module is connected with three-dimensional scenic MBM, realizes line route message interactive; Shaft tower ranking module is connected with calculation check module, realizes the message interlock of tower tower position and sends out mutually; Calculation check module is connected with three-dimensional scenic MBM, and between calculation check module and three-dimensional scenic MBM, three-dimensional linkage message is sent out mutually, realizes scene modeling, tower position and becomes more meticulous and adjust and tower position calculation check.
When the line route data of transmission line of electricity, profile data, tower position coordinate are revised, route selection, row's tower location specifically comprise:
(1) when the line route data slot of two-dimentional route selection module is revised, the line route data slot of revising writes real-time interlock public database, simultaneously, the message that two dimension route selection module has occurred that line route revise sends to three-dimensional scenic MBM, three-dimensional scenic MBM is obtained line route data slot from real-time interlock public database, and more after new data, carry out three-dimensional scenic modeling.
(2) when the profile data fragment of two-dimentional route selection module is modified, the profile data fragment of revising writes real-time interlock public database, simultaneously, the message that two dimension route selection module transmission profile data fragment has occurred to revise is to shaft tower ranking module, shaft tower ranking module is obtained profile data fragment from real-time interlock public database, carry out shaft tower again after ranking, deposit the shaft tower ranking data of ranking again in real-time interlock public database, and send shaft tower ranking message to calculation check module simultaneously, calculation check module is obtained profile data fragment from real-time interlock public database, carry out tower tower position calculation check, adjust tower tower bit data, deposit the tower tower bit data after adjusting in real-time interlock public database, simultaneously, calculation check module sends tower tower position and adjusts message to three-dimensional scenic MBM, three-dimensional scenic MBM is obtained tower tower bit data from real-time interlock public database, and re-start three-dimensional scenic modeling.
(3) when the tower position coordinate of shaft tower ranking module is revised, the tower position coordinate data of revising writes real-time interlock public database, send the message of tower position coordinate data modification to two-dimentional route selection module and calculation check module simultaneously, two dimension route selection module is obtained the tower position coordinate data of modification from real-time interlock public database, carry out two-dimentional route selection, calculation check module is obtained tower position coordinate data from real-time interlock public database, carry out calculation check, tower tower position is adjusted, the tower tower bit data of adjustment is write to real-time interlock public database, and the message that sends the adjustment of tower tower position is to three-dimensional scenic MBM, three-dimensional scenic MBM is obtained the tower tower bit data adjustment from real-time interlock public database, re-start three-dimensional scenic modeling.
Interactive message between two dimension route selection module, shaft tower ranking module, calculation check module and three-dimensional scenic MBM is that line route, profile data, the tower position coordinate of transmission line of electricity are, the modification message of the data of tower tower position, the data slot content of the modification that two dimension route selection module, shaft tower ranking module, calculation check module and three-dimensional scenic MBM are concrete sends to real-time interlock public database in real time, when some modules receive after the message of other module datas modifications, from real-time interlock public database reading out data, real-time update data.
Utilize interlock public database in real time to guarantee the consistance of two-dimentional route selection module, shaft tower ranking module and three-dimensional scenic MBM and calculation check module data, and by the communication of inter-process messages, realize the real-time interlock of two dimension, three-dimensional multiwindow.
Two dimension route selection module comprises two-dimension GIS route selection window, and shaft tower ranking module comprises two dimension row tower anchor window, and calculation check module comprises three-dimensional CAD calculation check window, and three-dimensional scenic MBM comprises three-dimension GIS impression window; Two-dimension GIS route selection window, two dimension row's tower anchor window, three-dimensional CAD calculation check window and three-dimension GIS impression window synchronously or separately show on computing machine multi-screen; Adopt the visualized operation of two-dimentional, three-dimensional multiwindow interlock, realize the real-time of the design efforts such as route selection, row tower location, calculation check and three-dimensional scenic MBM and synchronize, so that line selection and location achievement is more efficient, reasonable.
Two dimension route selection module is based on two-dimension GIS secondary development, carry out manual route selection and intelligent route selection, by load image in two-dimension GIS, map vector, present situation electrical network, Environmental sensitive area and planning region, set up steel tower, basis, wire, the cost model of insulator, two-dimensional space information is identified, carrying out barrier evades, generate the optimal route of network minimal, according to route selection achievement, from digital elevation model, carry out discrete processes in real time simultaneously, in order to extract wire center and windage yaw line profile data, respectively to shaft tower ranking module, three-dimensional scenic MBM is sent profile data and is extracted message, the interactive message of line route.Two dimension route selection module can be carried out manual route selection and intelligent route selection, can from digital elevation model, extract wire center and windage yaw line profile data in real time according to route selection achievement simultaneously.Two dimension route selection module can be modified to route selection achievement at any time, and the application's cutting in real time offers shaft tower ranking module when revising the path section of section and will be updated to fruit.
The shaft tower ranking system of shaft tower ranking module based on two-dimentional CAD secondary development carried out shaft tower ranking, shaft tower ranking module is carried out shaft tower ranking and is specifically comprised: specifying the manual insertion in stake site, revising shaft tower, by setting economical span, increase crossover point, extreme terrain, force vertical tower to be intervened, shaft tower ranking system based on two-dimentional CAD secondary development is carried out Intelligent drainage tower location according to shaft tower service condition, terrain feature, sends tower position coordinate feedback message, tower tower position interlock message respectively to two-dimentional route selection module, calculation check module.Shaft tower ranking module is carried out the renewal of tower position according to up-to-date path sectional drawing, give two-dimentional route selection module to carry out the demonstration of tower position tower position achievement Real-time Feedback, and simultaneity factor also offers calculation check module by information such as tower position, tower and elevations in real time.
Calculation check module adopts three-dimensional CAD second development system, by integrated Tensile Sag, calculate, wire jumper calculates to be installed, hardware string is adjusted, damper and conductor spacer are installed submodule, realizing Tensile Sag calculates, wire jumper calculates to be installed, hardware string is adjusted, damper and conductor spacer are installed the interaction feedback of result of calculation between submodule, realize the integrated of calculation check, while is according to the result of calculation check, calculation check module is carried out the generation of CAD 3D scene, respectively to shaft tower ranking module, three-dimensional scenic MBM is sent tower tower position interlock message, three-dimensional linkage message.The function that simultaneity factor has tower bit shift concurrently, revises.Calculation check module is carried out Mechanics Calculation, electric verification and hardware equipment according to information such as tower position, tower and elevations, generates CAD 3D topological model, and CAD 3D topological data is offered to three-dimensional scenic MBM in real time.
Three-dimensional scenic MBM is the roaming display systems that adopts three-dimension GIS secondary development, the dimensional topography data set scene creating by TerraBuilder, utilize ITerraExplorer interface to carry out circuit full-view modeling, distance to the ground measurement, barrier and column foot landform three-dimensional display, simultaneously by line route is revised, tower bit shift, revise and realize three-dimensional scenic modeling and upgrade, three-dimensional scenic MBM is sent the interactive message of line route, three-dimensional linkage message to two-dimentional route selection module, calculation check module respectively.Simultaneity factor has line route concurrently and revises, tower bit shift, the function of revising.Three-dimensional scenic MBM is according to CAD 3D topological model, and in real time automatic generating three-dimensional GIS scene, by the rationality of three scene verification paths of the overall situation and tower position scheme.
Transmission line of electricity multiwindow interlock route selection, row's tower localization method, comprise the following steps:
Step S101, carries out the collection that electrical network topic space data, transmission facility property parameters, topomap, administrative planning figure, boat fly to obtain image, dem data, carries out the three-dimensional modeling of shaft tower, insulator chain by parameter model instrument;
Step S102, two-dimentional route selection module by setting up vectorial geographical information, the thing of placing obstacles buffering radius, optimize some line routes, after completing the intelligent automatic route selection of some paths, manually route selection path optimizing, determines corner pile;
Step S103, according to the route selection achievement of step S102, two-dimentional route selection module is carried out discretize extraction profile data to digital elevation model along wire center and windage yaw line, and profile data is sent to shaft tower ranking module in real time;
Step S104, the shaft tower ranking of shaft tower ranking module adopts two kinds of working methods: manual row's tower and Automatic Optimal ranking; Manual row's tower is specifically included in an appointment site and inserts by hand, revises shaft tower, and intervenes by setting economical span, increase crossover point, the vertical tower of extreme terrain pressure; Automatic Optimal ranking comprises according to shaft tower service condition, terrain feature carries out Intelligent drainage tower location;
Step S105, in the process of row's tower location, as found, found the line route unreasonable (observe vertical tower circuit and actual geographic environment topomap, check the line route of vertical tower) of tower, carry out after the modification of part circuit, enter the profile data that step S103 extract real-time is revised part; If do not find the irrational problem in line position, enter step S106;
Step S106, in calculation check module, according to flat profile data and shaft tower ranking result, carry out Mechanics Calculation, electric verification and gold utensil adjustment configuration, generate CAD 3D and open up topological model, and CAD 3D topological data is offered to three-dimensional scenic MBM in real time;
Step S107, the CAD 3D providing according to calculation check module is opened up topological model, three-dimensional scenic MBM 5 is real-time carries out circuit full-view modeling, distance to the ground measurement, barrier and column foot landform three-dimensional display, the rationality of generating three-dimensional GIS scene verification path and tower position scheme;
Step S108, user flies to obtain the rationality of image verification route scheme in conjunction with overall topomap, administrative planning figure and boat, whether the vertical tower of judgement is spacing reasonable, as unreasonable in the line route of finding vertical tower, (observe vertical tower circuit and actual geographic environment topomap, check the line route of vertical tower) carries out, after the modification of part circuit, entering step S103, if do not find the irrational problem in line position, enter step S109;
Step S109, in conjunction with high-resolution boat, fly to obtain the rationality of image, dimensional topography and scissors crossing thing verification tower position scheme, judge that whether tower position is reasonable, as find tower position and tower unreasonable, return to the modification that step S104 carries out local tower tower position, if do not find the irrational problem in tower position, enter step S110 and finish line selection and location;
Step S110, line selection and location finishes.
The present invention has following positive technique effect: the interactive message between two-dimentional route selection module, shaft tower ranking module, calculation check module and three-dimensional scenic MBM is that line route, profile data, the tower position coordinate of transmission line of electricity are, the modification message of the data of tower tower position, and the data slot content of concrete modification sends to real-time interlock public database in real time, when some modules receive after the message of other module datas modifications, from real-time interlock public database reading out data, real-time update data.Revise message data amount little, be easy to high efficiency of transmission between module; The Update Table that transmission line of electricity is concrete, data volume is large, by the data transmission between real-time interlock public database and module, avoided the direct transmission of data slot between two-dimentional route selection module, shaft tower ranking module, calculation check module and three-dimensional scenic MBM, data transmission security, efficient, and guaranteed the consistance of data.
Further, the design efforts such as the route selection by real-time synchronization, row tower location, calculation check and three-dimensional scenic MBM, performance high definition is defended sheet, boat sheet, Internet resources and the effect of three-dimensional visible technology in route selection and shaft tower ranking, make line design faster directly perceived, can better help designer to grasp the information such as landform, elevation and " two is micro-" comprehensively, dodge bad landform, accomplish " in line, having position "; By the factors such as line project execution conditions, economical cost and operation maintenance are carried out to comprehensive consideration, can according to real-time the carrying out of local tower position scheme " with position main track ", operate easily, obtain optimized line route and tower spotting scheme, reduce the implementation cost of engineering, reduce the workload that design is returned.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is transmission line of electricity multiwindow interlock route selection of the present invention, row's tower positioning system structure figure;
Fig. 2 is transmission line of electricity multiwindow interlock route selection, row's tower localization method schematic flow sheet.
Embodiment
The invention provides a kind of whole process method for designing and system that collects the multiwindow interlock of transmission line of electricity route selection, row tower location, calculation check and three-dimensional scenic MBM, broken through the partition between traditional Transmission Line Design step, take into account the overall economy in macroscopical path and the reasonable of microcosmic tower position, realize design Full procedure integrated and visual.Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is described in detail.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of transmission line of electricity multiwindow interlock route selection, row's tower positioning system, comprise real-time interlock public database 1, two-dimentional route selection module 2, shaft tower ranking module 3, calculation check module 4 and three-dimensional scenic MBM 5.
Two dimension route selection module 2, shaft tower ranking module 3, calculation check module 4, three-dimensional scenic MBM 5 are linked in sequence successively, two dimension route selection module 2 is connected with three-dimensional scenic MBM 5, interlock public database 1 is connected with two-dimentional route selection module 2, shaft tower ranking module 3, calculation check module 4, three-dimensional scenic MBM 5 in real time, and the data message from two-dimentional route selection module 2, shaft tower ranking module 3, calculation check module 4, three-dimensional scenic MBM 5 is upgraded in public database 1 interlock in real time that links in real time.
Two dimension route selection module 2 is for choosing power transmission line circuit path, and profile data extracts, and determines corner pile, and the message that line route, profile data have been occurred to revise sends to respectively shaft tower ranking module 3, three-dimensional scenic MBM 5.
Shaft tower ranking module 3, for optimizing shaft tower ranking, sends to two-dimentional route selection module 2 by tower position coordinate feedback message, and carries out tower tower position interlock interacting message with calculation check module 4.
Calculation check module 4, for the verification of three-dimensional scenic modeling, is carried out checking and debugging to tower tower bit data information, and the message of tower tower position adjustment is sent to shaft tower ranking module 3.
Three-dimensional scenic MBM 5 is for the three-dimensional scenic modeling based on three-dimensional path data message, tower tower position information, carries out the interacting message of route adjust with two-dimentional route selection module 2, meanwhile, carries out three-dimensional linkage interacting message with calculation check module 4.
Described calculation check module 4, three-dimensional scenic MBM 5 are connected, and realize three-dimensional scenic modeling, tower bit shift and become more meticulous and adjust and tower position calculation check; Described two-dimentional route selection module 2 is connected with shaft tower ranking module 3, and two-dimentional route selection module 2 sends to shaft tower ranking module 3 by the extraction message of profile data, and described shaft tower ranking module 3 is revised message by tower position coordinate and sent to two-dimentional route selection module 2; Described two-dimentional route selection module 2 is connected with three-dimensional scenic MBM 5, realizes line route message interactive; Described shaft tower ranking module 3 is connected with calculation check module 4, realizes the message interlock of tower tower position and sends out mutually; Described calculation check module 4 is connected with three-dimensional scenic MBM 5, and between calculation check module 4 and three-dimensional scenic MBM 5, three-dimensional linkage message is sent out mutually, realizes scene modeling, tower position and becomes more meticulous and adjust and tower position calculation check.
Two dimension route selection module 2, shaft tower ranking module 3, interactive message between calculation check module 4 and three-dimensional scenic MBM 5 is the line route of transmission line of electricity, profile data, tower position coordinate, the modification message of the data of tower tower position, two dimension route selection module 2, shaft tower ranking module 3, the data slot content of the modification that calculation check module 4 and three-dimensional scenic MBM 5 are concrete sends to real-time interlock public database 1 in real time, when some modules receive after the message of other module datas modifications, from real-time interlock public database 1 reading out data, real-time update data.
When the line route data of transmission line of electricity, profile data, tower position coordinate are revised, route selection, row's tower location specifically comprise:
(1) when the line route data slot of two-dimentional route selection module 2 is revised, the line route data slot of revising writes real-time interlock public database 1, simultaneously, the message that two dimension route selection module 2 has occurred that line route revise sends to three-dimensional scenic MBM 5, three-dimensional scenic MBM 5 is obtained line route data slot from real-time interlock public database 1, and more after new data, carry out three-dimensional scenic modeling.
(2) when the profile data fragment of two-dimentional route selection module 2 is modified, the profile data fragment of revising writes real-time interlock public database 1, simultaneously, the message that two dimension route selection module 2 transmission profile data fragments have occurred to revise is to shaft tower ranking module 3, shaft tower ranking module 3 is obtained profile data fragment from real-time interlock public database 1, carry out shaft tower again after ranking, deposit the shaft tower ranking data of ranking again in real-time interlock public database 1, and send shaft tower ranking message to calculation check module 4 simultaneously, calculation check module 4 is obtained profile data fragment from real-time interlock public database 1, carry out tower tower position calculation check, adjust tower tower bit data, deposit the tower tower bit data after adjusting in real-time interlock public database 1, simultaneously, calculation check module 4 sends tower tower position and adjusts message to three-dimensional scenic MBM 5, three-dimensional scenic MBM 5 is obtained tower tower bit data from real-time interlock public database 1, and re-start three-dimensional scenic modeling.
(3) when the tower position coordinate of shaft tower ranking module 3 is revised, the tower position coordinate data of revising writes real-time interlock public database 1, send the message of tower position coordinate data modification to two-dimentional route selection module 2 and calculation check module 4 simultaneously, two dimension route selection module 2 is obtained the tower position coordinate data of modification from real-time interlock public database 1, calculation check module 4 is obtained tower position coordinate data from real-time interlock public database 1, carry out calculation check, the tower tower bit data of checking and debugging is write to real-time interlock public database 1, and the message that sends the adjustment of tower tower position is to three-dimensional scenic MBM 5, three-dimensional scenic MBM 5 is obtained the tower tower bit data adjustment from real-time interlock public database 1, re-start three-dimensional scenic modeling.
Utilize interlock public database in real time to guarantee the consistance of two-dimentional route selection module, shaft tower ranking module and three-dimensional scenic MBM and calculation check module data, and by the communication of inter-process messages, realize the real-time interlock of two dimension, three-dimensional multiwindow.
Two dimension route selection module 2 comprises two-dimension GIS route selection window, and shaft tower ranking module 3 comprises two dimension row tower anchor window, and calculation check module 4 comprises three-dimensional CAD calculation check window, and three-dimensional scenic MBM 5 comprises three-dimension GIS impression window; Described two-dimension GIS route selection window, two dimension row's tower anchor window, three-dimensional CAD calculation check window and three-dimension GIS impression window synchronously or separately show on computing machine multi-screen; Adopt the visualized operation of two-dimentional, three-dimensional multiwindow interlock, realize the real-time of the design efforts such as route selection, row tower location, calculation check and three-dimensional scenic MBM and synchronize, so that line selection and location achievement is more efficient, reasonable.
Described two-dimentional route selection module 2 is based on two-dimension GIS secondary development, carry out manual route selection and intelligent route selection, by load image in two-dimension GIS, map vector, present situation electrical network, Environmental sensitive area and planning region, set up steel tower, basis, wire, the cost model of insulator, two-dimensional space information is identified, carrying out barrier evades, generate the optimal route of network minimal, according to route selection achievement, from digital elevation model, carry out discrete processes in real time simultaneously, in order to extract wire center and windage yaw line profile data, respectively to shaft tower ranking module 3, three-dimensional scenic MBM 5 is sent profile data and is extracted message, the interactive message of line route.Two dimension route selection module 2 can be carried out manual route selection and intelligent route selection, can from digital elevation model, extract wire center and windage yaw line profile data in real time according to route selection achievement simultaneously.Two dimension route selection module can be modified to route selection achievement at any time, and the application's cutting in real time offers shaft tower ranking module when revising the path section of section and will be updated to fruit.
The shaft tower ranking system of described shaft tower ranking module 3 based on two-dimentional CAD secondary development carried out shaft tower ranking, shaft tower ranking module 3 is carried out shaft tower ranking and is specifically comprised: specifying the manual insertion in stake site, revising shaft tower, by setting economical span, increase crossover point, extreme terrain, force vertical tower to be intervened, the described shaft tower ranking system based on two-dimentional CAD secondary development is carried out Intelligent drainage tower location according to shaft tower service condition, terrain feature, sends tower position coordinate feedback message, tower tower position interlock message respectively to two-dimentional route selection module 2, calculation check module 4.Described shaft tower ranking module is carried out the renewal of tower position according to up-to-date path sectional drawing, give two-dimentional route selection module to carry out the demonstration of tower position tower position achievement Real-time Feedback, and simultaneity factor also offers calculation check module by information such as tower position, tower and elevations in real time.
Described calculation check module 4 adopts three-dimensional CAD second development system, by integrated Tensile Sag, calculate, wire jumper calculates to be installed, hardware string is adjusted, damper and conductor spacer are installed submodule, realizing described Tensile Sag calculates, wire jumper calculates to be installed, hardware string is adjusted, damper and conductor spacer are installed the interaction feedback of result of calculation between submodule, realize the integrated of calculation check, while is according to the result of calculation check, described calculation check module 4 is carried out the generation of CAD 3D scene, respectively to shaft tower ranking module 3, three-dimensional scenic MBM 5 is sent tower tower position interlock message, three-dimensional linkage message.The function that simultaneity factor has tower bit shift concurrently, revises.Described calculation check module is carried out Mechanics Calculation, electric verification and hardware equipment according to information such as tower position, tower and elevations, generates CAD 3D topological model, and CAD 3D topological data is offered to three-dimensional scenic MBM in real time.
Three-dimensional scenic MBM 5 is the roaming display systems that adopt three-dimension GIS secondary development, the dimensional topography data set scene creating by TerraBuilder, utilize ITerraExplorer interface to carry out circuit full-view modeling, distance to the ground measurement, barrier and column foot landform three-dimensional display, simultaneously by line route is revised, tower bit shift, revise and realize three-dimensional scenic modeling and upgrade, described three-dimensional scenic MBM 5 is sent the interactive message of line route, three-dimensional linkage message to two-dimentional route selection module 2, calculation check module 4 respectively.Simultaneity factor has line route concurrently and revises, tower bit shift, the function of revising.Described three-dimensional scenic MBM is according to CAD 3D topological model, and in real time automatic generating three-dimensional GIS scene, by the rationality of three scene verification paths of the overall situation and tower position scheme.
As shown in Figure 2, a kind of transmission line of electricity multiwindow interlock route selection, row's tower localization method, comprise the following steps:
Step S101, carries out the collection that electrical network topic space data, transmission facility property parameters, topomap, administrative planning figure, boat fly to obtain image, dem data, carries out the three-dimensional modeling of shaft tower, insulator chain by parameter model instrument;
Step S102, two-dimentional route selection module 2 by setting up vectorial geographical information, the thing of placing obstacles buffering radius, optimize some line routes, after completing the intelligent automatic route selection of some paths, manually route selection path optimizing, determines corner pile;
Step S103, according to the route selection achievement of step S102,2 pairs of digital elevation models of two-dimentional route selection module carry out discretize extraction profile data along wire center and windage yaw line, and profile data is sent to step S1031 in shaft tower ranking module 3(accompanying drawing 2 in real time);
Step S104, the shaft tower ranking of shaft tower ranking module 3 adopts two kinds of working methods: manual row's tower and Automatic Optimal ranking; Manual row's tower is specifically included in an appointment site and inserts by hand, revises shaft tower, and intervenes by setting economical span, increase crossover point, the vertical tower of extreme terrain pressure; Automatic Optimal ranking comprises according to shaft tower service condition, terrain feature carries out Intelligent drainage tower location;
Step S105, in the process of row's tower location, as found, the line route of vertical tower is unreasonable, carries out after the modification of step S1032 part circuit, enters the profile data that step S103 extract real-time is revised part; If do not find the irrational problem in line position, enter step S106;
Step S106, in calculation check module 4, according to flat profile data and shaft tower ranking result, carry out Mechanics Calculation, electric verification and gold utensil adjustment configuration, generate CAD 3D and open up topological model, and CAD 3D topological data is offered to three-dimensional scenic MBM 5 in real time;
Step S107, the CAD 3D providing according to calculation check module 4 is opened up topological model, three-dimensional scenic MBM 5 is real-time carries out circuit full-view modeling, distance to the ground measurement, barrier and column foot landform three-dimensional display, the rationality of generating three-dimensional GIS scene verification path and tower position scheme;
Step S108, user flies to obtain the rationality of image verification route scheme in conjunction with overall topomap, administrative planning figure and boat, whether the vertical tower of judgement is spacing reasonable, as unreasonable in the line route of finding vertical tower, (observe vertical tower circuit and actual geographic environment topomap, check the line route of vertical tower) carries out, after the modification of part circuit, entering step S103, if do not find the irrational problem in line position, enter step S109;
Step S109, in conjunction with high-resolution boat, fly to obtain the rationality of image, dimensional topography and scissors crossing thing verification tower position scheme, judge whether rationally (rationality that tower position arranges is not the content that the present invention optimizes in tower position, the present embodiment is by the rationality of artificial judgment tower position, manually check three-dimensional scenic modeler model and actual geographic environment, detect the rationality of tower position), as find tower position and tower unreasonable, return to the modification that step S104 carries out local tower tower position, if do not find the irrational problem in tower position, enter step S110 and finish line selection and location;
Step S110, line selection and location finishes.
Finally, it should be noted that above enumerate only for the part case study on implementation of main flow of the present invention.Obviously, the invention is not restricted to above case study on implementation, the distortion of the platform that can also depend on just like Development of Module, functions of modules, interlock mode.All distortion that those of ordinary skill in the art can directly derive from content disclosed by the invention or association falls, all should think protection scope of the present invention.
Other is prior art without the part describing in detail.

Claims (10)

1. transmission line of electricity multiwindow interlock route selection, row's tower positioning system, is characterized in that: comprise real-time interlock public database (1), two-dimentional route selection module (2), shaft tower ranking module (3), calculation check module (4) and three-dimensional scenic MBM (5);
Described two-dimentional route selection module (2), shaft tower ranking module (3), calculation check module (4), three-dimensional scenic MBM (5) is linked in sequence successively, described two-dimentional route selection module (2) is connected with three-dimensional scenic MBM (5), described real-time interlock public database (1) and two-dimentional route selection module (2), shaft tower ranking module (3), calculation check module (4), three-dimensional scenic MBM (5) is connected, described real-time interlock public database (1) in real time interlock upgrades from two-dimentional route selection module (2), shaft tower ranking module (3), calculation check module (4), the data message of three-dimensional scenic MBM (5),
Described two-dimentional route selection module (2) is for choosing power transmission line circuit path, and profile data extracts, and determines corner pile;
Described shaft tower ranking module (3), for optimizing shaft tower ranking, sends to described two-dimentional route selection module (2) by tower position coordinate feedback message, and carries out tower tower position interlock interacting message with described calculation check module (4);
Described calculation check module (4), for the verification of three-dimensional scenic modeling, is carried out checking and debugging to tower tower bit data information, and the message of tower tower position adjustment is sent to described shaft tower ranking module (3);
Described three-dimensional scenic MBM (5) is for the three-dimensional scenic modeling based on three-dimensional path data message, tower tower position information, carry out the interacting message of route adjust with described two-dimentional route selection module (2), meanwhile, carry out three-dimensional linkage interacting message with described calculation check module (4).
2. a kind of transmission line of electricity multiwindow interlock route selection according to claim 1, row's tower positioning system, it is characterized in that, two dimension route selection module (2) comprises two-dimension GIS route selection window, shaft tower ranking module (3) comprises two dimension row tower anchor window, calculation check module (4) comprises three-dimensional CAD calculation check window, and three-dimensional scenic MBM (5) comprises three-dimension GIS impression window;
Described two-dimension GIS route selection window, two dimension row's tower anchor window, three-dimensional CAD calculation check window and three-dimension GIS impression window synchronously or separately show on computing machine multi-screen.
3. a kind of transmission line of electricity multiwindow interlock route selection according to claim 1, row's tower positioning system, it is characterized in that, when the line route data slot of described two-dimentional route selection module (2) is revised, the line route data slot of described modification writes real-time interlock public database (1), simultaneously, the message that two dimension route selection module (2) has occurred that line route revise sends to three-dimensional scenic MBM (5), three-dimensional scenic MBM (5) is obtained described line route data slot from real-time interlock public database (1), and more after new data, carry out three-dimensional scenic modeling.
4. a kind of transmission line of electricity multiwindow interlock route selection according to claim 1, row's tower positioning system, it is characterized in that, when the profile data fragment of described two-dimentional route selection module (2) is modified, the profile data fragment of described modification writes real-time interlock public database (1), simultaneously, the message that two dimension route selection module (2) transmission profile data fragment has occurred to revise is to shaft tower ranking module (3), described shaft tower ranking module (3) is obtained described profile data fragment from real-time interlock public database (1), carry out shaft tower again after ranking, deposit the shaft tower ranking data of ranking again in real-time interlock public database (1), and send shaft tower ranking message to calculation check module (4) simultaneously, described calculation check module (4) is obtained described profile data fragment from real-time interlock public database (1), carry out tower tower position calculation check, adjust tower tower bit data, deposit the tower tower bit data after adjusting in real-time interlock public database (1), simultaneously, calculation check module (4) sends tower tower position and adjusts message to three-dimensional scenic MBM (5), described three-dimensional scenic MBM (5) is obtained described tower tower bit data from real-time interlock public database (1), and re-start three-dimensional scenic modeling.
5. a kind of transmission line of electricity multiwindow interlock route selection according to claim 1, row's tower positioning system, it is characterized in that, when the tower position coordinate of described shaft tower ranking module (3) is revised, the tower position coordinate data of described modification writes described real-time interlock public database (1), send the message of tower position coordinate data modification to two-dimentional route selection module (2) and calculation check module (4) simultaneously, described two-dimentional route selection module (2) is obtained the tower position coordinate data of described modification from real-time interlock public database (1), carry out two-dimentional route selection, simultaneously, described calculation check module (4) is obtained described tower position coordinate data from real-time interlock public database (1), carry out calculation check, tower tower position is adjusted, the tower tower bit data of adjustment is write to real-time interlock public database (1), and the message that sends the adjustment of tower tower position is to three-dimensional scenic MBM (5), described three-dimensional scenic MBM (5) is obtained the tower tower bit data adjustment from real-time interlock public database (1), re-start three-dimensional scenic modeling.
6. a kind of transmission line of electricity multiwindow interlock route selection according to claim 1, row's tower positioning system, it is characterized in that, described two-dimentional route selection module (2) is based on two-dimension GIS secondary development, carry out manual route selection and intelligent route selection, by load image in two-dimension GIS, map vector, present situation electrical network, Environmental sensitive area and planning region, set up steel tower, basis, wire, the cost model of insulator, two-dimensional space information is identified, carrying out barrier evades, generate the optimal route of network minimal, according to route selection achievement, from digital elevation model, carry out discrete processes in real time simultaneously, in order to extract wire center and windage yaw line profile data, respectively to shaft tower ranking module (3), three-dimensional scenic MBM (5) is sent profile data and is extracted message, the interactive message of line route.
7. a kind of transmission line of electricity multiwindow interlock route selection according to claim 1, row's tower positioning system, it is characterized in that, the shaft tower ranking system of described shaft tower ranking module (3) based on two-dimentional CAD secondary development carried out shaft tower ranking, shaft tower ranking module (3) is carried out shaft tower ranking and is specifically comprised: specifying the manual insertion in stake site, revise shaft tower, by setting economical span, increase crossover point, extreme terrain forces vertical tower to be intervened, the described shaft tower ranking system based on two-dimentional CAD secondary development is according to shaft tower service condition, terrain feature is carried out Intelligent drainage tower location, respectively to two-dimentional route selection module (2), calculation check module (4) is sent tower position coordinate feedback message, tower tower position interlock message.
8. a kind of transmission line of electricity multiwindow interlock route selection according to claim 1, row's tower positioning system, it is characterized in that, described calculation check module (4) adopts three-dimensional CAD second development system, by integrated Tensile Sag, calculate, wire jumper calculates to be installed, hardware string is adjusted, damper and conductor spacer are installed submodule, realizing described Tensile Sag calculates, wire jumper calculates to be installed, hardware string is adjusted, damper and conductor spacer are installed the interaction feedback of result of calculation between submodule, realize the integrated of calculation check, while is according to the result of calculation check, described calculation check module (4) is carried out the generation of CAD 3D scene, respectively to shaft tower ranking module (3), three-dimensional scenic MBM (5) is sent tower tower position interlock message, three-dimensional linkage message.
9. a kind of transmission line of electricity multiwindow interlock route selection according to claim 1, row's tower positioning system, it is characterized in that, described three-dimensional scenic MBM (5) is the roaming display systems that adopts three-dimension GIS secondary development, the dimensional topography data set scene creating by TerraBuilder, utilize ITerraExplorer interface to carry out circuit full-view modeling, distance to the ground measurement, barrier and column foot landform three-dimensional display
Simultaneously by line route is revised, tower bit shift, revise and realize three-dimensional scenic modeling and upgrade, described three-dimensional scenic MBM (5) is sent the interactive message of line route, three-dimensional linkage message to two-dimentional route selection module (2), calculation check module (4) respectively.
10. transmission line of electricity multiwindow interlock route selection, row's tower localization method, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
Step S101, carries out the collection that electrical network topic space data, transmission facility property parameters, topomap, administrative planning figure, boat fly to obtain image, dem data, carries out the three-dimensional modeling of shaft tower, insulator chain by parameter model instrument;
Step S102, two-dimentional route selection module (2) by setting up vectorial geographical information, the thing of placing obstacles buffering radius, optimize some line routes, after completing the intelligent automatic route selection of some paths, manually route selection path optimizing, determines corner pile;
Step S103, according to the route selection achievement of step S102, two-dimentional route selection module (2) is carried out discretize extraction profile data to digital elevation model along wire center and windage yaw line, and profile data is sent to shaft tower ranking module (3) in real time;
Step S104, the shaft tower ranking of shaft tower ranking module (3) adopts two kinds of working methods: manual row's tower and Automatic Optimal ranking; Manual row's tower is specifically included in an appointment site and inserts by hand, revises shaft tower, and intervenes by setting economical span, increase crossover point, the vertical tower of extreme terrain pressure; Automatic Optimal ranking comprises according to shaft tower service condition, terrain feature carries out Intelligent drainage tower location;
Step S105, in the process of row's tower location, as found, the line route of vertical tower is unreasonable, carries out after the modification of part circuit, enters the profile data that step S103 extract real-time is revised part; If do not find the irrational problem in line position, enter step S106;
Step S106, in calculation check module (4), according to flat profile data and shaft tower ranking result, carry out Mechanics Calculation, electric verification and gold utensil adjustment configuration, generate CAD 3D and open up topological model, and CAD 3D topological data is offered to three-dimensional scenic MBM (5) in real time;
Step S107, the CAD 3D providing according to calculation check module (4) is opened up topological model, three-dimensional scenic MBM (5) is real-time carries out circuit full-view modeling, distance to the ground measurement, barrier and column foot landform three-dimensional display, the rationality of generating three-dimensional GIS scene verification path and tower position scheme;
Step S108, in conjunction with overall topomap, administrative planning figure and boat, fly to obtain the rationality of image verification route scheme, whether the vertical tower of judgement is spacing reasonable, if the line route of vertical tower is unreasonable, carry out after the modification of part circuit, enter step S103, if do not find the irrational problem in line position, enter step S109;
Step S109, in conjunction with high-resolution boat, fly to obtain the rationality of image, dimensional topography and scissors crossing thing verification tower position scheme, judge that whether tower position is reasonable, as find tower position and tower unreasonable, return to the modification that step S104 carries out local tower tower position, if do not find the irrational problem in tower position, enter step S110 and finish line selection and location;
Step S110, line selection and location finishes.
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CN104200046A (en) * 2014-09-18 2014-12-10 国家电网公司 GIS (geographic information system)-based three-dimensional power transmission line corridor design method
CN104200046B (en) * 2014-09-18 2018-08-14 国家电网公司 A kind of three-dimensional power transmission line corridor band design method based on GIS
CN104268794A (en) * 2014-09-19 2015-01-07 国家电网公司 Drawing method of power transmission line bird damage distribution diagram
CN106156883A (en) * 2016-06-21 2016-11-23 长江勘测规划设计研究有限责任公司 A kind of work transmission line early stage tower-pole planning method
CN106503301A (en) * 2016-09-28 2017-03-15 山东东电电气工程技术有限公司 A kind of three-dimensional panorama digitized electric power line pole tower ranks method
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CN106780738A (en) * 2017-01-23 2017-05-31 国网山东省电力公司电力科学研究院 Path site optimization method based on project of transmitting and converting electricity environmental sensitive area
CN106780738B (en) * 2017-01-23 2020-02-11 国网山东省电力公司电力科学研究院 Path site optimization method based on environmental sensitive area of power transmission and transformation project
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CN109655044A (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-04-19 中国能源建设集团浙江省电力设计院有限公司 A kind of Survey of Transmission Line positioning measurement final product quality control method
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