CN104006794A - Automatic box staff straightening device and use method thereof - Google Patents

Automatic box staff straightening device and use method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104006794A
CN104006794A CN201410271644.4A CN201410271644A CN104006794A CN 104006794 A CN104006794 A CN 104006794A CN 201410271644 A CN201410271644 A CN 201410271644A CN 104006794 A CN104006794 A CN 104006794A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sopwith staff
shell
straightening
box staff
staff
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Granted
Application number
CN201410271644.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104006794B (en
Inventor
柳军
桑果
田晨
何星
黄陈
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Southwest Petroleum University
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Southwest Petroleum University
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Publication date
Application filed by Southwest Petroleum University filed Critical Southwest Petroleum University
Priority to CN201410271644.4A priority Critical patent/CN104006794B/en
Publication of CN104006794A publication Critical patent/CN104006794A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104006794B publication Critical patent/CN104006794B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
    • G01C5/00Measuring height; Measuring distances transverse to line of sight; Levelling between separated points; Surveyors' levels

Abstract

The invention relates to an automatic box staff straightening device and a use method of the automatic box staff straightening device. The automatic box staff straightening device is mainly used for measuring sedimentation of structures and buildings. The automatic box staff straightening device comprises a box staff shell (1), box staff clamps (2), a stabilizing and straightening frame (4), and a balance weight (10). The box staff shell (1) is perpendicularly welded to the top of the stabilizing and straightening frame (4). The box staff shell (1) is a C-shaped shell, and the length of the box staff shell (1) is equal to the length of the first section of a box staff. The two edges of the inner side of the box staff shell (1) are respectively provided with two box staff clamps (2). A hemispherical groove circular truncated cone (6) is formed in the geometric center of the lower surface of the top of the stabilizing and straightening frame (4). A level indicator (5) used for auxiliary checking of the perpendicularity is arranged on the front side of the stabilizing and straightening frame (4). The lower portion of the stabilizing and straightening frame (4) is shrunk to be in a funnel shape. The conical weight balance (10) is arranged in a center hole (11) of the funnel shape, and the box staff is automatically straightened through the balance weight (10). The automatic box staff straightening device has the advantages of being simple in structure and convenient to carry and use. One person can operate the automatic box staff straightening device. By the adoption of the automatic box staff straightening device, the measurement error is small, the measurement time can be shortened, and practicability is high.

Description

A kind of Sopwith staff auto-strengthening device and using method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to the servicing unit of the settlement measurement of a kind of structures, buildings, specifically a kind of Sopwith staff auto-strengthening device that is used as settlement observation measurement.
Background technology
Current settlement observation is mainly also to carry out according to measurement of the level, when carrying out measurement of the level, will use multi-section tower-like ruler, like this, during measurement, with regard at least two personnel of needs, measures.Due to personnel's error and environmental factor, sometimes because of the verticality problem of Sopwith staff, need to do gesture or propaganda directed to communicate, cause measurement efficiency low, and affect the precision of measurement data.And current number of patent application provides the self-standing device of Sopwith staff for CN201320052575, for the measurement of the elevation in route, place, but can not be for the settlement observation of structure, buildings.Number of patent application is that the patent of invention of CN201220427789 and CN201310305339 has reduced the process of propagandaing directed to communicate or doing gesture, hold up chi people to carry out proper handling according to feature described in foregoing invention patent, yet still need survey crew to remove to use hand steered chi, be difficult to adapt to the execute-in-place in the low cold purgation of high temperature.Number of patent application is that the invention of CN201210134760 needs manual adjustments, troublesome poeration, and Measuring Time is slightly long, is unfavorable for Quick Measurement.
Therefore, provide a kind of simple in structure, easy operating, measures efficiency high, and measuring accuracy is high, and practical erection device is the problem of needing at present solution badly.
Summary of the invention
The object of patent of the present invention is: overcome the deficiency that existing patented technology exists, provide a kind of measuring speed fast, measuring accuracy is accurate, measures efficiency high, and adaptable Sopwith staff auto-strengthening device.
Object of the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions: a kind of Sopwith staff auto-strengthening device, comprise Sopwith staff shell, Sopwith staff clamping card, stablize centralizing bracket, counterweight, Sopwith staff shell is a C shape shell identical with Sopwith staff first segment length, link together with the top vertical welding of stablizing centralizing bracket below, the fixed bar that Sopwith staff clamping cartoon is crossed Sopwith staff shell inner side overlaps in the above, and that stablizes centralizing bracket connects counterweight below by flexible steel wire, forms an integral system.
Above-mentioned a kind of Sopwith staff auto-strengthening device, wherein, before described Sopwith staff shell, oriented centre is tiltedly played one section, there is vertical interval bar hole at back, inner side, both sides is each horizontal fixed bar at regular intervals up and down, on each fixed bar, have identical spring, there is vertical hole the end of fixed bar, has the little pin of T shape correspondingly in hole.
Above-mentioned a kind of Sopwith staff auto-strengthening device, wherein, there is the hole consistent with fixed bar inside Sopwith staff at the back side of described Sopwith staff clamping card, and opposite side has the fixed strip identical with Sopwith staff both sides shape.
Above-mentioned a kind of Sopwith staff auto-strengthening device, wherein, the middle before the top of described stable centralizing bracket is provided with the level of auxiliary check verticality.
Above-mentioned a kind of Sopwith staff auto-strengthening device, wherein, the geometric center below described stable centralizing bracket top has a hemispherical groove round platform, is welded together with centralizing bracket.
Above-mentioned a kind of Sopwith staff auto-strengthening device, wherein, draws four equilateral aluminium alloy frames under four angles at described stable centralizing bracket top.
Above-mentioned a kind of Sopwith staff auto-strengthening device, wherein, four equilateral aluminium alloy frames of described stable centralizing bracket shrink under the hemispherical groove of top, are infundibulate.
Above-mentioned a kind of Sopwith staff auto-strengthening device, wherein, the funnel shaped center below of described stable centralizing bracket has the hole of certain size.
Above-mentioned a kind of Sopwith staff auto-strengthening device, wherein, described counterweight comprises a plummet cone, top center has hex(agonal)screw, has annular collar, overall dimensions to be less than the size 2-3mm in hopper centre hole above hex(agonal)screw.
Above-mentioned a kind of Sopwith staff auto-strengthening device, wherein, described counterweight is connected by the steel wire of end band round platform, and steel wire is connected with round platform top center.
Above-mentioned a kind of Sopwith staff auto-strengthening device, wherein, the bed-plate dimension of described steel wire end round platform should be greater than the size 4-5mm that stablizes center pit below centralizing bracket, and the end face size of round platform should be less than the size 2-3mm that stablizes center pit below centralizing bracket.
Advantage of the present invention: make simple, economic and practical, can fast automatic righting Sopwith staff, without holding up for a long time chi, singlely can realize settlement observation field operation, improve and measure efficiency.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is for stablizing erection device front elevation
Fig. 2 is for stablizing erection device side view
Fig. 3 is for stablizing erection device vertical view
Fig. 4 is the A-A cut-open view of Fig. 3
Fig. 5 is the B-B cut-open view of Fig. 3
Fig. 6 is for stablizing centralizing bracket cutaway top view
Fig. 7 is for stablizing centralizing bracket top view in cross-section
Fig. 8 is counterweight part component
Fig. 9 is Sopwith staff clamping card front elevation
Figure 10 is Sopwith staff clamping card side view
Figure 11 is Sopwith staff clamping card vertical view
Figure 12 is the C-C cut-open view of Fig. 9
Figure 13 be Sopwith staff clamping card with Sopwith staff be connected detail drawing and pin shape figure
Figure 14 is the outer shape figure of conventional Sopwith staff clamping card
In figure: 1-Sopwith staff shell, 2-Sopwith staff clamping card, 2a-hole clipping, 2b-Sopwith staff clamping bar, the vertical bar hole of 3-, 4-stablizes centralizing bracket,, 5-level, 6-hemispherical groove round platform, the equilateral aluminium alloy frame of 7-, 8-irony round platform, 9-steel wire, 10-counterweight, 10a-screw, 10b-annular collar, 11-hopper centre hole, 12-fixed bar, 12a-pin hole, 12b-spring, 12c-T shape pin, 13-Sopwith staff
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, patent of the present invention is described further, the protection domain of patent of the present invention is not limited to the following stated: consult Fig. 1-14, a kind of Sopwith staff auto-strengthening device, comprise Sopwith staff shell 1, Sopwith staff clamping card 2, stablize centralizing bracket 4, counterweight 10, the first segment length of the length of Sopwith staff shell 1 and Sopwith staff is identical, link together with the top vertical welding of stable centralizing bracket 4, there is fixed bar 12 both sides, inside of Sopwith staff shell 1, fixed bar 12 has spring 12b above, there is the little pin hole 12a of T shape end, fixed bar 12 connects the side of Sopwith staff clamping card 2, there is vertical bar hole 3 at the back side of Sopwith staff shell 1, level 5 be fixed on stablize centralizing bracket 4 tops just before, hemispherical groove round platform 6 is positioned in the geometric center of stablizing below centralizing bracket 4 tops, and link together with stable centralizing bracket 4 welded top, stablize the Si Ge angle, top of centralizing bracket 4 and draw respectively four equilateral aluminium alloy frames 7 downwards, below top Baltimore groove 6, shrink and be infundibulate, funnel shaped center has circular hole 11, counterweight 10 is mainly a plummet cone, top has the corresponding screw with hex(agonal)screw 10a, the annular collar 10b the same with nut size arranged at the top of hex(agonal)screw 10a, the whole size of screw 10a and annular collar 10b is less than the size 2-3mm of center pit 11, annular collar 10b connects flexible steel wire 9, the end of flexible steel wire 9 is one and is enlarged round platform 8, from the top center of round platform 8, draw flexible steel wire, the bottom size of round platform 8 is greater than the size 4-5mm of center pit 11, top dimension is less than the size 2-3mm of center pit 11.
As Fig. 1-5 each several part, except porose part, all the other are and are fixedly connected with, the both sides, inner side of Sopwith staff shell 1 respectively arrange a Sopwith staff clamping card 2 up and down, as Fig. 9-14, listed the shape of conventional removable Sopwith staff clamping card 2, more different Sopwith staffs clamping card 2 can be set according to different Sopwith staff profiles, as Fig. 6-8, stablize each composition of righting part, it is upper that steel wire 9 is connected to annular collar 10b by center pit 11, then be connected on plummet cone by screw 10a.
The principle of work of patent of the present invention is described below in conjunction with instantiation, and operation using method.First guarantee Sopwith staff shell 1, Sopwith staff clamping card 2, stablizes centralizing bracket 4, level 5, and counterweight 10 is all in normal range of operation.The first step, each instrument component of horizontal, take off the little pin 12c of T shape, spring 12b is installed on fixed bar 12 successively, according to the profile of Sopwith staff 13, select corresponding Sopwith staff clamping card 2, by after Sopwith staff clamping card 2 Compress Spring 12b, the little pin 12c of T shape is inserted in to the pin hole 12a of fixed bar 12, install successively three remaining Sopwith staff clamping cards 2.Second step, wears out steel wire 9 by center pit 11, according to the position height of settlement observation point, regulate the length of steel wire 9, its be tied to annular collar 10b above, then hex(agonal)screw 10a is tightened in plummet cone screw above.The 3rd step, clamps card 2 Compress Spring 12b by Sopwith staff, struts after Sopwith staff clamping card 2, tower 13 is slowly inserted in the Sopwith staff clamping card 2 of Sopwith staff shell 1, unclamps Sopwith staff clamping card 2, allow its automatic clamping Sopwith staff 13, when Sopwith staff 13 injects behind the bottom of Sopwith staff shell, guarantee firmly.The 4th step, slow righting Sopwith staff shell 1, by the top of the end spheroid of the groove alignment of ball recess round platform 6 settlement observation point to be measured, slowly be put on the spheroid of settlement observation point, plummet cone is under the effect of deadweight, can be by the equilateral aluminium alloy frame 7 of steel wire 9 tension, and can automatically adjust the verticality of stablizing centralizing bracket under the deadweight of plummet cone, make to stablize centralizing bracket in vertical state, and whether level 5 now can check Sopwith staff really in vertical state, and then make Sopwith staff shell 1 vertical state, also just guaranteed the verticality of Sopwith staff.Now, surveyor can a survey station can such auto-strengthening device be all set measuring point place, then at the elevation of each measuring point of instrument side observation structure, buildings.After measurement finishes, Sopwith staff can be taken off, take off Sopwith staff clamping card 2 and spring 12b, be kept.Hex(agonal)screw 10a is directly backed out, by center pit 11, take out, when measuring next time, directly hex(agonal)screw 10a is screwed in the screw of plummet cone top part through center pit 11 again, so not only reduced measurement number, but also improve, measure efficiency, improved measuring accuracy.

Claims (7)

1. a Sopwith staff auto-strengthening device and using method thereof, comprise: Sopwith staff shell (1), Sopwith staff clamping card (2), the stable centralizing bracket (4) of bottom, counterweight (10), it is characterized in that: described Sopwith staff shell (1) is connected with the top vertical welding of stable centralizing bracket (4), Sopwith staff clamping card (2) is flexibly connected by being welded on the fixed bar (12) of Sopwith staff shell (1) inner side and the spring (12b) of the inside with Sopwith staff shell (1), end has the little pin of vertical T shape (12c) fixing, counterweight (10) is connected with the annular collar (10b) on plummet cone top part screw (10a) through the contraction infundibulate center pit (11) of stablizing centralizing bracket (4) by finer wire (9).
2. a kind of Sopwith staff auto-strengthening device according to claim 1 and using method thereof, it is characterized in that: described Sopwith staff shell (1) is the C shape shell that a size is consistent with the first segment length of Sopwith staff, both sides, inner side are respectively provided with fixed bar (12) up and down, the end of fixed bar (12) has vertical circular hole (12a), the vertical hole of spaced bar shaped (3) is established at the back side of Sopwith staff shell (1), in vertical circular hole, is provided with the little pin of T shape (12c).
3. a kind of Sopwith staff auto-strengthening device according to claim 1 and using method thereof, it is characterized in that: the side of described Sopwith staff clamping card (2) is provided with the hole clipping (2a) consistent with fixed bar (12) size and spacing, an other side has the Sopwith staff clamping bar (2b) consistent with Sopwith staff (13) both sides.
4. a kind of Sopwith staff auto-strengthening device according to claim 1 and using method thereof, it is characterized in that: stablize below the top of centralizing bracket (4) described bottom ball recess round platform (6), top is provided with the level (5) of auxiliary check verticality, the equilateral aluminium alloy frame (7) that the You Yu top, four angles at top is connected just above.
5. a kind of Sopwith staff auto-strengthening device according to claim 4 and using method thereof, it is characterized in that: described four aluminium alloy frames (7) bottom shrink in Baltimore groove round platform (6) just below, be infundibulate, in the middle of infundibulate, be provided with circular hole (11).
6. a kind of Sopwith staff auto-strengthening device according to claim 1 and using method thereof, it is characterized in that: described counterweight (10) is the solid plummet cone of a taper, detachable screw (10a) is arranged at top, the size of screw (10a) is less than the size 2-3mm of infundibulate center hole (11), annular collar (10b) is arranged at its top, and annular collar (10b) is welded to connect with the nut of screw (10a).
7. a kind of Sopwith staff auto-strengthening device according to claim 6 and using method thereof, it is characterized in that: the annular collar (10b) on described counterweight (10) top is connected with steel wire (9), the end of steel wire (9) is round table-like (8) and steel wire (9) is drawn from the top center of round platform (8), the bottom size of round platform (8) is greater than the size 4-5mm of stable centralizing bracket (4) infundibulate center hole (11) below, and top dimension is less than the size 2-3mm of (4) infundibulate center pit (11) below of stablizing centralizing bracket.
CN201410271644.4A 2014-06-18 2014-06-18 A kind of Sopwith staff auto-strengthening device and using method thereof Expired - Fee Related CN104006794B (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105444733A (en) * 2016-01-09 2016-03-30 长安大学 Measuring scale and measuring method for automatically-centralized level gauge
CN108680149A (en) * 2018-05-15 2018-10-19 中铁十二局集团第七工程有限公司 A kind of Sopwith staff/prism bar is vertically from steady control device and control method
CN111623748A (en) * 2020-05-06 2020-09-04 中铁桥隧技术有限公司 Ruler pad of automatic centering sliding staff and working method thereof

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2258982Y (en) * 1995-09-26 1997-08-06 温正看 Self-adjusting leveler
CN1982844A (en) * 2005-12-15 2007-06-20 薛庆勉 High-precision level

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DD219858A1 (en) * 1983-08-09 1985-03-13 Komb Geodaesie U Kartographie Arrangement for measuring latte supply inserts in precision levels

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2258982Y (en) * 1995-09-26 1997-08-06 温正看 Self-adjusting leveler
CN1982844A (en) * 2005-12-15 2007-06-20 薛庆勉 High-precision level

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105444733A (en) * 2016-01-09 2016-03-30 长安大学 Measuring scale and measuring method for automatically-centralized level gauge
CN108680149A (en) * 2018-05-15 2018-10-19 中铁十二局集团第七工程有限公司 A kind of Sopwith staff/prism bar is vertically from steady control device and control method
CN111623748A (en) * 2020-05-06 2020-09-04 中铁桥隧技术有限公司 Ruler pad of automatic centering sliding staff and working method thereof

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Inventor after: Liu Jun

Inventor after: Wang Wei

Inventor after: Sang Guo

Inventor after: Tian Chen

Inventor after: He Xing

Inventor after: Huang Chen

Inventor before: Liu Jun

Inventor before: Sang Guo

Inventor before: Tian Chen

Inventor before: He Xing

Inventor before: Huang Chen

C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160914

Termination date: 20170618