CN104006109A - Seismic isolation device for equipment - Google Patents

Seismic isolation device for equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104006109A
CN104006109A CN201410172922.0A CN201410172922A CN104006109A CN 104006109 A CN104006109 A CN 104006109A CN 201410172922 A CN201410172922 A CN 201410172922A CN 104006109 A CN104006109 A CN 104006109A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
guide rail
panel
equipment
floor
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201410172922.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104006109B (en
Inventor
魏陆顺
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangzhou Baianju shock absorption technology Co., Ltd
Original Assignee
FOSHAN CITY BAIANJU BUBBLE ABSORBER Co Ltd
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Application filed by FOSHAN CITY BAIANJU BUBBLE ABSORBER Co Ltd filed Critical FOSHAN CITY BAIANJU BUBBLE ABSORBER Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410172922.0A priority Critical patent/CN104006109B/en
Publication of CN104006109A publication Critical patent/CN104006109A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104006109B publication Critical patent/CN104006109B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16FSPRINGS; SHOCK-ABSORBERS; MEANS FOR DAMPING VIBRATION
    • F16F7/00Vibration-dampers; Shock-absorbers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16FSPRINGS; SHOCK-ABSORBERS; MEANS FOR DAMPING VIBRATION
    • F16F15/00Suppression of vibrations in systems; Means or arrangements for avoiding or reducing out-of-balance forces, e.g. due to motion
    • F16F15/02Suppression of vibrations of non-rotating, e.g. reciprocating systems; Suppression of vibrations of rotating systems by use of members not moving with the rotating systems
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16FSPRINGS; SHOCK-ABSORBERS; MEANS FOR DAMPING VIBRATION
    • F16F15/00Suppression of vibrations in systems; Means or arrangements for avoiding or reducing out-of-balance forces, e.g. due to motion
    • F16F15/02Suppression of vibrations of non-rotating, e.g. reciprocating systems; Suppression of vibrations of rotating systems by use of members not moving with the rotating systems
    • F16F15/04Suppression of vibrations of non-rotating, e.g. reciprocating systems; Suppression of vibrations of rotating systems by use of members not moving with the rotating systems using elastic means
    • F16F15/08Suppression of vibrations of non-rotating, e.g. reciprocating systems; Suppression of vibrations of rotating systems by use of members not moving with the rotating systems using elastic means with rubber springs ; with springs made of rubber and metal

Abstract

The invention discloses a seismic isolation device for equipment. The seismic isolation device for equipment comprises an upper panel, a lower panel, and an elastic return device disposed between the upper panel and the lower panel. The upper panel is used for bearing equipment to be protected. The lower panel is used for being placed on the floor or ground. The seismic isolation device for equipment is characterized in that a double-deck bidirectional guide rail assembly which is orthogonal and slider connection blocks which are vertically arranged are arranged between the upper panel and the lower panel; the double-deck bidirectional guide rail assembly bears vertical load and has uplift resistance so that the seismic isolation device has a good overturning resisting function; meanwhile, the seismic isolation device can move in optional horizontal directions through the double-deck bidirectional guide rail assembly. The response of equipment or cultural relics under protection of the seismic isolation device is reduced greatly when the equipment or cultural relics are under the earthquake, and accordingly the safety of the equipment or cultural relics is protected against earthquake action.

Description

A kind of base-isolated equipment device
Technical field
The present invention relates to equipment antidetonation, specifically refer to a kind of base-isolated equipment device.
Background technique
China's earthquake form sternness.In the joint of the world's two violent earthquake band-Mediterranean South Asia earthquake belts and circum-Pacific seismic belt, more than 70% Dou Shi seismic region, territory, is one of maximum country of earthquake in the world.Tradition earthquake-proofing technique is when protection structural safety has made great progress, and the safety of indoor instrument and equipment or cultural relics in the collection of cultural institution is still faced with formidable challenges.When earthquake occurs, indoor communications equipment, computer main and cultural relics in the collection of cultural institution etc. are easily toppled over and are damaged, and the consequence of its generation is very serious.In China's Wenchuan earthquakes in 2008, according to State Cultural Relics Bureau's statistics, 250 provincial cultural relics protection units of place are damaged in various degree, and nearly 3,000 culturals relics in the collection of cultural institution including 292 rare cultural relics are impaired.
Base-isolated equipment technology, by shock-proof device is installed in equipment bottom, greatly reduces the reaction of equipment under geological process, thereby reaches the object of protection equipment.Abroad, Japan, the U.S. etc. have since nineteen ninety-five developed the display historical relic Isolating Platform device of various structures, and have had larger area application in some museums.For example, the Isolating Platform of the pneumatic spring structure of Japanese TOKIKO precision machinery factory development, was installed under the first national treasure Maitreya half seated image of Guang Long temple, capital of a country first for historical relic's protection in nineteen ninety-five.Roller type, spring or the rail mounted Isolating Platform device of many manufacturers produce have been equipped by Tokyo museum, municipal Japan's Ceramic Art shop, Osaka, museum of Nara, MOA museum etc. large size, and Structural Hardware showcase and showpiece are carried out to shock insulation protection.Though this device is expensive, can make the isolating affection of seismic acceleration reach more than 80%.U.S. Getty protection research institute has developed the Isolating Platform of ball and spring structure, shockproof for a small amount of large-scale sculpture.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of base-isolated equipment device, adopt under the protected equipment of this shock-proof device or its geological process of historical relic and react and can greatly reduce, thereby protect its safety under geological process.
Above-mentioned purpose of the present invention realizes by following technical solution: a kind of base-isolated equipment device, comprise top plate, lower panel and be arranged on top plate and lower panel between elasticity reset device, described top plate is for the protected equipment of support, described lower panel is used for being placed on floor or ground, it is characterized in that: between described top plate and lower panel, be provided with orthogonal double-layer double-direction guiding pairs and the vertical slide block contiguous block arranging, double-layer double-direction guiding pairs bears vertical load, and there is resistance to plucking ability, make this shock-proof device there is good antidumping function, this shock-proof device can also be realized the displacement of any level direction by double-layer double-direction guiding pairs simultaneously.
Described double-layer double-direction guiding pairs comprises the upper strata guiding pairs that is positioned at upper strata and the lower floor's guiding pairs that is positioned at lower floor, wherein, guiding pairs comprise guide rail and with the guide rail slide block that matches, described upper strata guiding pairs middle guide and top plate are fixedly connected, described lower floor's guiding pairs middle guide and lower panel are fixedly connected, and in described slide block contiguous block and upper and lower layer guiding pairs, slide block is fixedly connected.
In shock-proof device of the present invention, orthogonal double-deck two-way guide rails pair is born vertical load, and frictional damping also can be provided when slip, and damping size is by Location of requirement.
In shock-proof device of the present invention, elasticity reset device is that the class distortion such as natural rubber bearing, high-damp rubber support are large, the elastic device of stable performance, and elasticity reset device does not bear vertical load, horizontal rigidity, horizontal damping is only provided and realizes reset function.
In shock-proof device of the present invention, described orthogonal double-deck two-way guide rails pair arranges two groups of horizontal closed slide pairs at the middle and upper levels, lower floor arranges two groups of parallel longitudinal guiding pairss, upper strata guiding pairs and lower floor's guiding pairs form orthogonal cross form, need according to device, described elasticity reset device can be positioned at the center in cross form region, also can be positioned at shock-proof device surrounding.
Described upper strata guide rail and top plate are fixedly connected with bolt, and described lower floor's guide rail and lower panel are fixedly connected with bolt.Described elasticity reset device and top plate and lower panel are fixedly connected with bolt.
In the present invention, top plate can adopt following various structures:
Structure one: described top plate is an entire plate, needs according to apparatus function, can perforate in entire plate.
Structure two: described top plate is combined by three blocks of plates, wherein in two blocks of plates and upper strata guide rail, each guide rail is fixedly connected, and another piece and elasticity reset device are fixedly connected, and are fixedly connected with two upper strata guide rails simultaneously.
In the present invention, lower panel is an entire plate, and Liang Zu parallel longitudinal lower floor's guide rail and lower panel are fixedly connected, and elasticity reset device and lower panel are fixedly connected.
In the present invention, in the guiding pairs of upper strata, in slide block and lower floor's guiding pairs, slide block is connected and is connect by slide block coupling block, certainly also can directly connect at top slide block and bottom slide block processing connecting hole.
In the present invention, described elasticity reset device can adopt natural rubber bearing or high-damp rubber support, and high-damp rubber support, providing horizontal rigidity simultaneously, also can provide damping, can the distortion of ACU shock-proof device under earthquake.Owing to not bearing vertical load, described elasticity reset device can be formed by upper sealing plate, lower shrouding, the inner rubber entirety sulfuration that is positioned at middle part, and its processing and fabricating is simple, can greatly save cost.Neoprene bearing adopts bolt to be fixedly connected by lower shrouding and lower panel, and upper sealing plate is same with top plate adopts bolt to be fixedly connected.
In the present invention, on the upper surface of described top plate, also lay one deck bath mat, need according to using, between lower panel and ground or plate face, lay one deck bath mat.
In the present invention, shock-proof device has certain resistance to capsizing, and has larger frictional force between device and ground.In the time that this shock-proof device self antidumping can ensure that protected equipment can not topple and the frictional force energy ensuring equipment of device and ground or flooring can not produce slippage, device can directly be placed on ground or flooring; When protected equipment depth-width ratio is larger, need device that larger resistance to capsizing is provided, device and ground or flooring can adopt bolt to fix.
When this shock-proof device is when being furnished with the equipment of wire, shock-proof device top plate adopt open cell or separately reserved wire pass through region.
When the same place of this shock-proof device is during for the protection of multiple devices, each shock-proof device can be by the use that unifies of upper strata guide rail or top plate.
Compared with existing shock-proof device, the present invention is if any following remarkable result:
(1) the large and stable performance of present device shock-proof device simple structure, horizontal deformation;
(2) present device shock-proof device has good antidumping function, can protect more than 5 equipment or the historical relics of depth-width ratio.
Brief description of the drawings
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is described in further details.
Fig. 1 is present device shock-proof device embodiment one scheme of project construction figure;
Fig. 2 is overall sectional view of the present device shock-proof device embodiment one;
Fig. 3 is present device shock-proof device embodiment one floor map;
Fig. 4 is the floor map of top plate in present device shock-proof device embodiment one;
Fig. 5 is the floor map of lower panel in present device shock-proof device embodiment one;
Fig. 6 is present device shock-proof device embodiment two top plate floor map;
Fig. 7 is the elasticity reset device joining plate floor map of top plate in present device shock-proof device embodiment two;
Fig. 8 is present device shock-proof device embodiment two overall structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 9 is that more than three of present device shock-proof device embodiment is used in combination floor map.
Description of reference numerals
1 is top plate; 11, upper strata guide rail connecting hole; 12, connecting hole on elasticity reset device; 2 is lower panel; 21, lower floor's guide rail connecting hole; 22, elasticity reset device lower link hole; 23, ground fixed via; 3 is upper strata guide rail; 4 is lower floor's guide rail; 5 is upper strata slide block; 6 is lower floor's slide block; 7 is slide block contiguous block; 8 is elasticity reset device;
101, the elasticity reset device joining plate of top plate; 102, layer guide rail joining plate on top plate; 200, ground or flooring; 300, protected equipment; 400, bath mat
Embodiment
Embodiment one
The embodiment one of present device shock-proof device as shown in Figures 1 to 5, this base-isolated equipment device comprises top plate 1, lower panel 2 and be arranged on top plate 1 and lower panel 2 between elasticity reset device 8, top plate 1 is for the protected equipment 300 of support, on the upper surface of top plate 1, also lay one deck bath mat 400, lower panel 2 is for being placed on floor or ground 200, between top plate 1 and lower panel 2, be provided with orthogonal double-layer double-direction guide rail and the vertical slide block contiguous block 7 arranging, double-layer double-direction guide rail and slide block contiguous block 7 bear vertical load jointly, and there is resistance to plucking ability, make this shock-proof device there is good antidumping function, this shock-proof device can also be realized the movement of any level direction by double-layer double-direction guide rail simultaneously.The elasticity reset device arranging is used to base-isolated equipment device that horizontal restoring force is provided.
Described double-layer double-direction guide rail comprises the upper strata guide rail 3 that is positioned at upper strata and the lower floor's guide rail 4 that is positioned at lower floor, upper strata guide rail 3 is fixedly connected with top plate 1 use bolt, lower floor's guide rail 4 is fixedly connected with lower panel 2 use bolts, slide block 5 and the upper strata guide rail 3 of upper end match, form upper strata guiding pairs, slide block 6 and lower floor's guide rail 4 of lower end match, and form lower floor's guiding pairs, and slide block contiguous block 7 joins the slide block of the slide block of upper end 5 and lower end 6 together.Wherein, upper strata guide rail 3 is made up of two guide rails that laterally be arranged in parallel; lower floor's guide rail 4 is made up of the guide rail of two parallel longitudinal settings; upper strata guide rail 3 and lower floor's guide rail 4 form orthogonal cross form; elasticity reset device 8 selects according to protected weight of equipment and elasticity reset device horizontal rigidity the quantity that should lay; and arrange according to equipment space, in the present embodiment, arrange 2 elasticity reset devices.The height of slide block contiguous block 7 is determined according to the height of elasticity reset device 8 and guiding pairs, be separately positioned on four point of intersection of upper strata guide rail 3 and lower floor's guide rail 4 cross forms intersections, when the slide block 5 of upper end and the slide block 6 of the lower end corresponding connecting hole that added formula and while highly not needing to adjust, present device shock-proof device can be cancelled slide block contiguous block 7.
In the present embodiment, top plate 1 is entire plate, and drives wire guide in the middle of plate, forms distribution area.
In the present embodiment, the rubber earthquake isolation support that elasticity reset device 8 adopts without inner steel plate, the type bearing is formed by upper sealing plate, lower shrouding and the sulfuration of inner rubber entirety.Elasticity reset device 8 all adopts bolt to be fixedly connected with top plate 1, lower panel 2.
In the present embodiment, on top plate 1, offer upper strata guide rail connecting hole 11 for upper strata guide rail is installed and with elasticity reset device 8 joining isolator lower link holes, top 12.
In the present embodiment, on lower panel 2, offer lower floor's guide rail connecting hole 21 for lower floor's guide rail is installed, with elasticity reset device 8 joining elasticity reset device lower link holes, bottom 22 and with joining ground, ground connecting through hole 23.
As the conversion of the present embodiment, top plate 1 can also adopt following structure:
Described top plate 1 is a whole plate without perforate, and the upper end of elasticity reset device and top plate 1 are connected, and lower end and lower panel 2 are connected.
The base-isolated equipment device of the present embodiment is in the time of construction, and the lower panel 2 of shock-proof device connects with ground or flooring by attachment bolt, and protected equipment 300 is placed on shock-proof device by bath mat 400.
Embodiment two
As shown in Figure 6 to 8, in this embodiment, top plate 1 is combined by three blocks of plates the embodiment two of present device shock-proof device, comprises layer guide rail joining plate 102 on the elasticity reset device joining plate 101 of a top plate and two top plates.
This embodiment's Elastic resetting means 8 arranges 1, is arranged in base-isolated equipment device middle part.
The base-isolated equipment device of the present embodiment is directly placed on ground or flooring 200 by bath mat 400.
Other structure of the present embodiment is identical with embodiment one.
Embodiment three
As shown in Figure 9, in this embodiment, multiple base-isolated equipments unit is by the upper strata guiding pairs shock insulation platform that unifies for the embodiment three of present device shock-proof device.The quantity of shock insulation platform Elastic resetting means 8 is definite by designing.Other structure is identical with embodiment one or embodiment two.
The above embodiment of the present invention is not limiting the scope of the present invention; embodiments of the present invention are not limited to this; all this kind is according to foregoing of the present invention; according to ordinary skill knowledge and the customary means of related domain; do not departing under the above-mentioned basic fundamental thought of the present invention prerequisite; amendment, replacement or the change of other various ways that said structure of the present invention is made, within all should dropping on protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a base-isolated equipment device, comprise top plate, lower panel and be arranged on top plate and lower panel between elasticity reset device, described top plate is for the protected equipment of support, described lower panel is used for being placed on floor or ground, it is characterized in that: between described top plate and lower panel, be provided with orthogonal double-layer double-direction guide rail and the vertical slide block contiguous block arranging, double-layer double-direction guide rail and slide block contiguous block bear vertical load jointly, and there is resistance to plucking ability, make this base-isolated equipment device there is good antidumping function, this shock-proof device can also be realized the movement of any level direction by double-layer double-direction guide rail simultaneously.
2. base-isolated equipment device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described double-layer double-direction guide rail comprises the upper strata guide rail that is positioned at upper strata and the lower floor's guide rail that is positioned at lower floor, described upper strata guide rail and top plate are fixedly connected, described lower floor's guide rail and lower panel are fixedly connected, the slide block of upper end and upper strata guide rail match, form upper strata guiding pairs, the slide block of lower end and lower floor's guide rail match, form lower floor guiding pairs, described slide block contiguous block unifies upper end slide block and lower end and slide block.
3. base-isolated equipment device according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described upper strata guide rail is made up of two guide rails that laterally be arranged in parallel, described lower floor's guide rail is made up of the guide rail of two parallel longitudinal settings, upper strata guide rail and lower floor's guide rail form orthogonal cross form, and described elasticity reset device is positioned at device gap.
4. base-isolated equipment device according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described upper strata guide rail and top plate bolt are fixedly connected, and described lower floor's guide rail and lower panel are fixedly connected with bolt.
5. base-isolated equipment device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described top plate is a plate, and upper end and the top plate of described elasticity reset device are fixedly connected, and lower end and lower panel are fixedly connected.
6. base-isolated equipment device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described top plate is a composition board, top plate is made up of guide rail joining plate on an elasticity reset device joining plate and two, described elasticity reset device joining plate is arranged on top plate middle part, and above guide rail joining plate is positioned at top plate both sides.
7. according to the base-isolated equipment device described in claim 1 to 6 any one, it is characterized in that: described elasticity reset device is natural rubber bearing or high-damp rubber support.
8. base-isolated equipment device according to claim 7, is characterized in that: the inner rubber entirety sulfuration of described elasticity reset device by upper sealing plate, lower shrouding and in the middle part of being positioned at forms.
9. base-isolated equipment device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: on the upper surface of described top plate, also lay one deck bath mat, one deck bath mat is laid in described lower panel bottom, and device can directly be positioned over ground or plate face.
10. base-isolated equipment device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: lower panel and ground or plate face adopt bolt to fix, and improves device antidumping performance.
CN201410172922.0A 2014-04-25 2014-04-25 A kind of base-isolated equipment device Active CN104006109B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410172922.0A CN104006109B (en) 2014-04-25 2014-04-25 A kind of base-isolated equipment device

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410172922.0A CN104006109B (en) 2014-04-25 2014-04-25 A kind of base-isolated equipment device
PCT/CN2015/077224 WO2015161805A1 (en) 2014-04-25 2015-04-22 Shock isolation apparatus for equipment

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CN104006109A true CN104006109A (en) 2014-08-27
CN104006109B CN104006109B (en) 2016-08-31

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104652640A (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-05-27 北京工业大学 Anti-pulling, limiting and earthquake-insulating device integrated by guide rails and vertical ropes
WO2015161805A1 (en) * 2014-04-25 2015-10-29 佛山市百安居减震科技有限公司 Shock isolation apparatus for equipment
CN105387113A (en) * 2015-12-08 2016-03-09 无锡亨宇减震器科技有限公司 Filling type rubber damping device
CN108824649A (en) * 2018-05-25 2018-11-16 株洲时代新材料科技股份有限公司 A kind of shock isolating pedestal

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109437969B (en) * 2018-12-05 2021-09-28 天水师范学院 Method for protecting fragile bone cultural relics based on calcium sulfate material

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CN203847622U (en) * 2014-04-25 2014-09-24 佛山市百安居减震科技有限公司 Shock isolation device for equipment

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CN1185506A (en) * 1996-12-11 1998-06-24 三菱制钢株式会社 Large high-strength vibration isolating device
JP2008121402A (en) * 2006-10-17 2008-05-29 Hirayama Motohiro Elastic body and viscoelastic body for seismic control
TW200909708A (en) * 2007-08-21 2009-03-01 Yu-Guang Lai The rolling seismic isolation device
CN101852265A (en) * 2009-03-31 2010-10-06 株式会社东全 Vibration-proof device
CN203847622U (en) * 2014-04-25 2014-09-24 佛山市百安居减震科技有限公司 Shock isolation device for equipment

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2015161805A1 (en) * 2014-04-25 2015-10-29 佛山市百安居减震科技有限公司 Shock isolation apparatus for equipment
CN104652640A (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-05-27 北京工业大学 Anti-pulling, limiting and earthquake-insulating device integrated by guide rails and vertical ropes
CN105387113A (en) * 2015-12-08 2016-03-09 无锡亨宇减震器科技有限公司 Filling type rubber damping device
CN108824649A (en) * 2018-05-25 2018-11-16 株洲时代新材料科技股份有限公司 A kind of shock isolating pedestal

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Address after: 528100 Guangdong Province, Foshan City Nanhai Danzao national eco industrial park parataxis Road No. 16

Patentee after: Foshan City Baianju Bubble Absorber Co., Ltd.

Address before: 528100 Guangdong city of Foshan province

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Address after: No.8 yunzhan Road, Huangpu District, Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province 510000

Patentee after: Guangzhou Baianju shock absorption technology Co., Ltd

Address before: 528100 Guangdong Province, Foshan City Nanhai Danzao national eco industrial park parataxis Road No. 16

Patentee before: FOSHAN BAIANJU DAMPING TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.