CN104003364A - Special type bone china material containing synthetic bone powder and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Special type bone china material containing synthetic bone powder and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN104003364A
CN104003364A CN201410262577.XA CN201410262577A CN104003364A CN 104003364 A CN104003364 A CN 104003364A CN 201410262577 A CN201410262577 A CN 201410262577A CN 104003364 A CN104003364 A CN 104003364A
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parts
china
water
synthetic bone
bone
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CN201410262577.XA
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CN104003364B (en
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林道藩
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GUANGDONG SONGFA CERAMICS CO Ltd
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GUANGDONG SONGFA CERAMICS CO Ltd
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Abstract

The invention relates to a special type bone china material containing synthetic bone powder. The special type bone china material comprises, by weight, 6-15 parts of quartz, 8-15 parts of potassium feldspar, 25-30 parts of kaolin, 5-10 parts of ball clay, 26-36 parts of natural bone powder, 10-20 parts of synthetic bone powder, and 0.1-0.15 part of CMC. The invention further provides a preparation method of the synthetic bone powder and a preparation method of the special type bone china material containing the synthetic bone powder. The transmittance of light of bone china products prepared through the method is remarkably increased, thermal impact resistance is substantially enhanced, particle distribution of the bone china pug is optimized, and the plasticity of the pug is obviously improved.

Description

A kind of Idiotype Bone China material that contains synthetic bone meal and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Idiotype Bone China material that contains synthetic bone meal and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
It is higher that current domestic ceramics exists starting material, fuel and cost of labor, the production cost of conventional part ceramic product is high, particularly Bone China product, and at present along with growth in the living standard, no matter home-use porcelain or hotel's porcelain is all higher to the individual requirement of porcelain.The production of abnormal member at present mainly adopts slip casing by pressure, labor strength is large, need labour skill higher, use gypsum mold is more, is badly in need of solving the batch moulding of Bone China Idiotype product and a Technology difficult problem of burning till, and improves the regularity of Bone China Idiotype product, reduce energy consumption, reduce and burn till the temperature difference, improve the quality of products, solve the rapid batch production technology of Idiotype Bone China profiling saggar.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of Idiotype Bone China material that contains synthetic bone meal and preparation method thereof, to solve the problem and the defect that exist in above-mentioned technology.
For achieving the above object, the present invention by the following technical solutions:
A kind of preparation method of synthetic bone meal, comprise the following steps: get calcium hydroxide, add water and stir, form calcium hydroxide suspension liquid, controlling its water content is 60%-65%, with calcium hydroxide: the ratio of industrial phosphoric acid=1:0.9~0.94, slowly spray adds industrial phosphoric acid, stirs while adding, make not conglomeration of suspension liquid, add after phosphoric acid, stirring or standing and reacting more than one hour, are controlled at pH value=9~10.5, press filt leaches moisture, after oven dry, calcining within the scope of 1200 DEG C~1280 DEG C, forms the synthetic bone meal of production use.
An Idiotype Bone China material that contains described synthetic bone meal, comprises that weight percent is 6~15 parts, quartz, 8~15 parts of potassium felspar sands, 25~30 parts of kaolin, 5~10 parts of ball clays, 26~36 parts of natural bone powders, 10~20 parts of synthetic bone meal, CMC0.1~0.15 part.
The present invention also provides a kind of preparation method of the Idiotype Bone China material that contains synthetic bone meal, and its method steps is:
Steps A: described in getting, contain the raw material of the Idiotype Bone China material of synthetic bone meal, enter ball milling 25 hours, fineness is controlled at 325 mesh sieves and tails over≤and 0.3%, press filt after slurry iron-removing sieves, stores for future use after pugging;
Step B: in high-speed stirring beater tup or troughing, with pug: the ratio of adding the water yield=1:0.0135-0.0714 adds water, again taking total mass as benchmark, add 0.1-0.15% water glass, 0.1-0.2% sodium humate, start and stir equipment, add while stirring pug, the mud of making moisture and be 26-30% is for subsequent use;
Step C: abnormal member product adopts solid casting or plastic pressure forming technique:
Solid casting technique: gypsum mold is stacked and compressed, be injected in die cavity with the mud of 0.015-0.018MPa pressure, close mud after 20 minutes, open gypsum mold, take out base substrate, enter kiln oxydizing flame on oven dry, repaired biscuit after water and force to burn till;
Plastic pressure forming technique: according to the big or small definite mud bar specification of product, through secondary vacuum pugging, be cut into slice, put into element and press gypsum die cavity, compression moulding, the base substrate after moulding is dried through water on oven dry, repaired biscuit again;
Step D: the production technique with saggar is burnt till in special-shaped pressure: saggar refractory mortar, through pugging, be cut into slice, put into plastic compression mould, compression moulding, enters klining after oven dry, then brushing aluminum oxide, packs china base substrate into, enters kiln oxydizing flame and burns till.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has following beneficial effect:
1. synthesize bone meal owing to adopting the technique of chemosynthesis, stable components, physicals high conformity, after grinding, particle is thinner, optimizes the grain composition of pug, has improved the processability of pug; Synthetic bone meal calcium content is high, is conducive to improve transparence and the intensity of china; Coordinate ball clay and CMC to use, further optimize pug physicals, CMC has stable pug size distribution and improves the effect of plasticity of slurry;
2. saggar adopts plastic pressure forming technique, and Mold Making technique is simple and quick, and the rapid batchization that is conducive to china special-shaped product is produced, and in the product cycle in shortening, surface quality is good, and goods regularity is good, and weight is light and handy, little with batch product size error.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is further illustrated.
Embodiment 1
The present embodiment discloses a kind of Idiotype Bone China material that contains synthetic bone meal and preparation method thereof.
Get calcium hydroxide, add water and stir, form calcium hydroxide suspension liquid, controlling its water content is 60%, and with the ratio of calcium hydroxide: industrial phosphoric acid=1:0.9, slowly spray adds industrial phosphoric acid, stir while adding, make not conglomeration of suspension liquid, add after phosphoric acid, stirring or standing and reacting one hour, be controlled at pH value=9, press filt leaches moisture, after oven dry, calcining within the scope of 1200 DEG C, the synthetic bone meal of formation production use;
Get 9 parts, quartz, 12 parts of potassium felspar sands, 26 parts of kaolin, 6 parts of ball clays, 36 parts of natural bone powders, 10 parts of synthetic bone meal, CMC0.1 part, enters ball milling 25 hours, and fineness is controlled at 325 mesh sieves and tails over 0.3%, and press filt after slurry iron-removing sieves, stores for future use after pugging;
In high-speed stirring beater tup or troughing, with pug: the ratio of adding the water yield=1:0.02 adds water, then adds 0.1% water glass, 0.2% sodium humate, starts and stirs equipment, adds while stirring pug, makes moisture and be 30% mud for subsequent use;
Abnormal member product adopts solid casting technique: gypsum mold is stacked and compressed, be injected in die cavity with the mud of 0.015MPa pressure, after 20 minutes, close mud, open gypsum mold, take out base substrate, enter kiln oxydizing flame and force to burn till on oven dry, repaired biscuit after water;
The production technique with saggar is burnt till in special-shaped pressure: saggar refractory mortar, through pugging, be cut into slice, and put into plastic compression mould, compression moulding, enters klining after oven dry, then brushing aluminum oxide, packs china base substrate into, enters kiln oxydizing flame and burns till.
China product transparence prepared by the present embodiment obviously improves, and thermal shock resistance increases substantially, and does not once split by 180-20 DEG C of hydrothermal exchange; Optimize the size distribution of china pug, obviously improved the plasticity of pug.
Embodiment 2
The present embodiment discloses a kind of Idiotype Bone China material that contains synthetic bone meal and preparation method thereof.
Get calcium hydroxide, add water and stir, form calcium hydroxide suspension liquid, controlling its water content is 65%, and with the ratio of calcium hydroxide: industrial phosphoric acid=1:0.94, slowly spray adds industrial phosphoric acid, stir while adding, make not conglomeration of suspension liquid, add after phosphoric acid, stirring or standing and reacting two hours, be controlled at pH value=10.5, press filt leaches moisture, after oven dry, calcining within the scope of 1280 DEG C, the synthetic bone meal of formation production use;
Get 6 parts, quartz, 15 parts of potassium felspar sands, 27 parts of kaolin, 10 parts of ball clays, 26 parts of natural bone powders, 20 parts of synthetic bone meal, CMC0.15 part, enters ball milling 25 hours, and fineness is controlled at 325 mesh sieves and tails over 0.2%, and press filt after slurry iron-removing sieves, stores for future use after pugging;
In high-speed stirring beater tup or troughing, with pug: the ratio of adding the water yield=1:0.05 adds water, then adds 0.12% water glass, 0.1% sodium humate, starts and stirs equipment, adds while stirring pug, makes moisture and be 26% mud for subsequent use;
Abnormal member product adopts plastic pressure forming technique: according to the big or small definite mud bar specification of product, through secondary vacuum pugging, is cut into slice, puts into element and press gypsum die cavity, and compression moulding, the base substrate after moulding is dried through water on oven dry, repaired biscuit again;
The production technique with saggar is burnt till in special-shaped pressure: saggar refractory mortar, through pugging, be cut into slice, and put into plastic compression mould, compression moulding, enters klining after oven dry, then brushing aluminum oxide, packs china base substrate into, enters kiln oxydizing flame and burns till.
Embodiment 3
The present embodiment discloses a kind of Idiotype Bone China material that contains synthetic bone meal and preparation method thereof.
Get calcium hydroxide, add water and stir, form calcium hydroxide suspension liquid, controlling its water content is 62%, and with the ratio of calcium hydroxide: industrial phosphoric acid=1:0.94, spray adds industrial phosphoric acid, stir while adding, make not conglomeration of suspension liquid, add after phosphoric acid, stirring or standing and reacting one hour, be controlled at pH value=9.5, press filt leaches moisture, after oven dry, calcining within the scope of 1250 DEG C, the synthetic bone meal of formation production use;
Get 14 parts, quartz, 8 parts of potassium felspar sands, 25 parts of kaolin, 7 parts of ball clays, 30 parts of natural bone powders, 16 parts of synthetic bone meal, CMC0.12 part, enters ball milling 25 hours, and fineness is controlled at 325 mesh sieves and tails over 0.1%, and press filt after slurry iron-removing sieves, stores for future use after pugging;
In high-speed stirring beater tup or troughing, with pug: the ratio of adding the water yield=1:0.07 adds water, then adds 0.15% water glass, 0.15% sodium humate, starts and stirs equipment, adds while stirring pug, makes moisture and be 28% mud for subsequent use;
Abnormal member product adopts solid casting technique: gypsum mold is stacked and compressed, be injected in die cavity with the mud of 0.018MPa pressure, after 20 minutes, close mud, open gypsum mold, take out base substrate, enter kiln oxydizing flame and force to burn till on oven dry, repaired biscuit after water;
The production technique with saggar is burnt till in special-shaped pressure: saggar refractory mortar, through pugging, be cut into slice, and put into plastic compression mould, compression moulding, enters klining after oven dry, then brushing aluminum oxide, packs china base substrate into, enters kiln oxydizing flame and burns till.

Claims (3)

1. the preparation method of a synthetic bone meal, it is characterized in that, comprise the following steps: get calcium hydroxide, add water and stir, form calcium hydroxide suspension liquid, controlling its water content is 60%-65%, then with calcium hydroxide: the ratio of industrial phosphoric acid=1:0.9~0.94, spray adds industrial phosphoric acid, stir while adding, make not conglomeration of suspension liquid, add after phosphoric acid, stirring or standing and reacting are more than one hour, be controlled at pH value=9~10.5, press filt leaches moisture, after oven dry, calcining within the scope of 1200 DEG C~1280 DEG C, the synthetic bone meal of formation production use.
2. one kind contains the Idiotype Bone China material of synthetic bone meal as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, comprise that weight percent is 6~15 parts, quartz, 8~15 parts of potassium felspar sands, 25~30 parts of kaolin, 5~10 parts of ball clays, 26~36 parts of natural bone powders, 10~20 parts of synthetic bone meal, CMC0.1~0.15 part.
3. a preparation method for the Idiotype Bone China material that contains synthetic bone meal as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that, method steps is:
Steps A: described in getting, contain the raw material of the Idiotype Bone China material of synthetic bone meal, enter ball milling 25 hours, fineness is controlled at 325 mesh sieves and tails over≤and 0.3%, press filt after slurry iron-removing sieves, stores for future use after pugging;
Step B: in high-speed stirring beater tup or troughing, with pug: the ratio of adding the water yield=1:0.0135-0.0714 adds water, then adds 0.1-0.15% water glass, 0.1-0.2% sodium humate, start and stir equipment, add while stirring pug, the mud of making moisture and be 26-30% is for subsequent use;
Step C: abnormal member product adopts solid casting or plastic pressure forming technique:
Solid casting technique: gypsum mold is stacked and compressed, be injected in die cavity with the mud of 0.015-0.018MPa pressure, close mud after 20 minutes, open gypsum mold, take out base substrate, enter kiln oxydizing flame on oven dry, repaired biscuit after water and force to burn till;
Plastic pressure forming technique: according to the big or small definite mud bar specification of product, through secondary vacuum pugging, be cut into slice, put into element and press gypsum die cavity, compression moulding, the base substrate after moulding is dried through water on oven dry, repaired biscuit again;
Step D: the production technique with saggar is burnt till in special-shaped pressure: saggar refractory mortar, through pugging, be cut into slice, put into plastic compression mould, compression moulding, enters klining after oven dry, then brushing aluminum oxide, packs china base substrate into, enters kiln oxydizing flame and burns till.
CN201410262577.XA 2014-06-13 2014-06-13 A kind of Idiotype Bone China material containing synthesis bone meal and preparation method thereof Active CN104003364B (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104591725A (en) * 2014-12-25 2015-05-06 喀左御成紫陶制品有限公司 Firing process of bone-china
CN106365596A (en) * 2016-08-25 2017-02-01 大埔县怡丰园实业有限公司 Bone china having high-thermostability and preparation method thereof
CN107056243A (en) * 2017-05-17 2017-08-18 安徽青花坊瓷业股份有限公司 A kind of production technology of new china
CN104591725B (en) * 2014-12-25 2018-02-09 喀左御成紫陶制品有限公司 A kind of burning process of Bone China

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH04238851A (en) * 1990-12-31 1992-08-26 Tokuchi Masahide Finely processing clay for burning
JPH06239678A (en) * 1993-02-16 1994-08-30 Narumi China Corp Leadless glazing for bone china
CN101386522A (en) * 2008-10-28 2009-03-18 林道藩 Bone porcelain and production process thereof

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH04238851A (en) * 1990-12-31 1992-08-26 Tokuchi Masahide Finely processing clay for burning
JPH06239678A (en) * 1993-02-16 1994-08-30 Narumi China Corp Leadless glazing for bone china
CN101386522A (en) * 2008-10-28 2009-03-18 林道藩 Bone porcelain and production process thereof

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
任允鹏: "《骨质瓷生产技术》", 31 May 2009, 化学工业出版社 *

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104591725A (en) * 2014-12-25 2015-05-06 喀左御成紫陶制品有限公司 Firing process of bone-china
CN104591725B (en) * 2014-12-25 2018-02-09 喀左御成紫陶制品有限公司 A kind of burning process of Bone China
CN106365596A (en) * 2016-08-25 2017-02-01 大埔县怡丰园实业有限公司 Bone china having high-thermostability and preparation method thereof
CN107056243A (en) * 2017-05-17 2017-08-18 安徽青花坊瓷业股份有限公司 A kind of production technology of new china

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