CN104002266B - A kind of floating type 4DOF aligning device and using method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of floating type 4DOF aligning device and using method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104002266B
CN104002266B CN201410187666.2A CN201410187666A CN104002266B CN 104002266 B CN104002266 B CN 104002266B CN 201410187666 A CN201410187666 A CN 201410187666A CN 104002266 B CN104002266 B CN 104002266B
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China
Prior art keywords
pedestal
floating
floating installation
ball
installation
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CN201410187666.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104002266A (en
Inventor
刘洪伟
徐建中
徐德敏
周国海
李高进
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Shanghai Shipbuilding Technology Research Institute
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Shanghai Shipbuilding Technology Research Institute
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Priority to CN201410187666.2A priority Critical patent/CN104002266B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B11/00Work holders not covered by any preceding group in the subclass, e.g. magnetic work holders, vacuum work holders
    • B25B11/02Assembly jigs
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P21/00Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of floating type 4DOF aligning device, it is characterised in that: pedestal is provided with floating installation, and floating installation is provided with locking device and gathering sill. During use, described floating installation is the installation base surface of equipment or component of machine, installation base surface can move along x-axis direction in basal plane, described adjustment ball is by being threadably mounted on pedestal, rotate adjustment ball can realize regulating the distance that ball most salient point is seen with basal plane, it is achieved thereby that the movement in the normal z-axis direction of the equipment contacted, component of machine installation base surface. Described floating installation is to regulate ball for fulcrum, it is possible to achieve installation base surface is around the rotation of x, y-axis. Described floating installation, after positional precision has regulated, by the fixing equipment of locking device or component of machine, finally realize in equipment, component of machine team, the purpose of regulation of mental activities, owing to can arbitrarily regulate 4DOF so that the use scope of product is more extensive, and regulation of mental activities mode is more easy.

Description

A kind of floating type 4DOF aligning device and using method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to the technical field of positioner, specifically a kind of floating type 4DOF aligning device and using method thereof.
Background technology
At present, when equipment, component of machine are installed, if there being installation accuracy requirement, then will improve the size and positional precision of installing pedestal, also can be multiplied cost and difficulty of processing so simultaneously. The method that common installation is only adjusted by use parallels, pad or oval screw, regulating power is limited, it is impossible to meets multivariant centering and regulates, reduces the installation accuracy of equipment, affect work efficiency and the crudy of equipment. Meanwhile, there is debugging inconvenience in existing aligning device, precision is poor when adjusting, and adjusts the defect that mode is loaded down with trivial details.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide the floating type 4DOF aligning device of a kind of improvement and using method thereof, it can overcome the regulation of mental activities requirement that cannot meet equipment, component of machine in prior art, the some shortcomings that particularly regulation of mental activities in internal small space requires, particularly regulation of mental activities mode is loaded down with trivial details, and precision is poor.
To achieve these goals, the technical scheme is that a kind of floating type 4DOF aligning device, it mainly includes pedestal, it is characterised in that: pedestal is provided with floating installation, and floating installation is provided with locking device and gathering sill.
A kind of using method of floating type 4DOF aligning device, it is characterized in that: described using method is as follows: a, the floating installation of aligning device is moved along X-direction, time mobile, slide block moves along gathering sill so that floating installation realizes the adjustment of x-axis direction degree of freedom; B, floating installation distance along the z-axis direction is adjusted, and rotates and regulates ball to regulate the distance between ball and pedestal so that floating installation realizes the adjustment of Z-direction degree of freedom; C, adjusting the extension elongation regulating ball both sides bolts, making floating installation to regulate centered by ball, around x-axis or y-axis rotation, thus realizing the floating installation rotary freedom along x-axis or y-axis.
During use, described floating installation is the installation base surface of equipment or component of machine, installation base surface can move along x-axis direction in basal plane, described adjustment ball is by being threadably mounted on pedestal, rotate adjustment ball can realize regulating the distance that ball most salient point is seen with basal plane, it is achieved thereby that the movement in the normal z-axis direction of the equipment contacted, component of machine installation base surface. Described floating installation is to regulate ball for fulcrum, it is possible to achieve installation base surface is around the rotation of x, y-axis. Described floating installation, after positional precision has regulated, by the fixing equipment of locking device or component of machine, finally realize in equipment, component of machine team, the purpose of regulation of mental activities, owing to can arbitrarily regulate 4DOF so that the use scope of product is more extensive, and regulation of mental activities mode is more easy.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of one embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 2 is x of the present invention, z-axis direction and regulates schematic diagram around z-axis degree of freedom.
Fig. 3 is the x-axis direction Principles of Regulation schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 4 for A-A in Fig. 3 to slide block partial enlargement structural representation.
Fig. 5 is that the present invention regulates ball schematic diagram.
Fig. 6 is locking device schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the another partial structurtes schematic diagram of locking device of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention:
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described.
Each attached number in the figure is expressed as follows: 1 pedestal, and 2 regulate ball, 3 floating installations, 4 locking devices, 5 equipment or component of machine, and 6 require concentric part, 7 slide blocks, 8 gathering sills, 9 clamping screws, 10 centre bores.
The floating type 4DOF aligning device of one of the present invention, it mainly includes pedestal, and its difference with the prior art is in that: pedestal is provided with floating installation, and floating installation is provided with locking device and gathering sill. Being connected by adjustment ball between pedestal with floating installation, regulate ball and be bolted on pedestal, described adjustment ball has 1, and diameter 20~50mm is arranged at the middle part of pedestal. T-shaped or V-arrangement adjusting slider it is provided with in gathering sill, slide block is provided with centre bore, and described locking device is provided with clamping screw, and clamping screw is connected with pedestal, clamping screw is symmetrical arranged on four angles of pedestal, and clamping screw matches with centre bore to merge and is fixed with nut.
Clamping screw, through the centre bore of slide block, unclamps clamping screw, translates floating installation (slide block is motionless) along gathering sill, it is achieved the adjustment of equipment translation freedoms. Clamping screw, through its center hole, after nut compresses, has the floating installation of enough rigidity to regulate ball for fulcrum, fixes with pedestal realization under bolt presses power effect. Slide block is located between the gathering sill of floating installation, and under the compression of upper and lower two nuts, frictionally is locking, is finally reached the locking purpose of whole equipment.
The using method of a kind of floating type 4DOF aligning device is as follows: a, moved along X-direction by the floating installation of aligning device, and time mobile, slide block moves along gathering sill so that floating installation realizes the adjustment of x-axis direction degree of freedom; B, floating installation distance along the z-axis direction is adjusted, and rotates and regulates ball to regulate the distance between ball and pedestal so that floating installation realizes the adjustment of Z-direction degree of freedom; C, adjusting the extension elongation regulating ball both sides bolts, making floating installation to regulate centered by ball, around x-axis or y-axis rotation, thus realizing the floating installation rotary freedom along x-axis or y-axis.
After adopting technique scheme, have the advantage that
1. floating installation described in, can realize the movement in x-axis direction in installation base surface, has 1 degree of freedom.
2. it is arranged on the upper adjustment ball of pedestal, realizes regulating the distance of the most jag distance base plane of ball by screw thread, there is an one-movement-freedom-degree in z-axis direction.
3. installation base surface is to regulate ball for fulcrum, it is possible to achieve in installation base surface, x, y-axis rotate, and have two rotary freedoms.
4. floating installation described in is after completing 4 or adjustment less than 4 degree of freedom, and locking device can realize fixing 4 degree of freedom, the permanent installation accuracy keeping equipment or component of machine.
5. floating installation can realize in the equipment in various position, particularly small space, component of machine team, regulation of mental activities operates.
6. floating installation described in reduces equipment or the component of machine installation requirement to the precision of equipment installation pedestal, and flexible adjustment is convenient.
In enforcement, T-shaped adjusting slider, it is arranged in gathering sill, than being used alone the convenient adjustment of bar hole. Rotate and regulate ball, regulate the extension elongation of its bolt, it is possible to adjust the distance regulating ball with base-plates surface, it is achieved the adjustment of the coordinate in z-axis direction. The length of regulation locking device bolt, floating installation is to regulate ball for fulcrum, can rotate around x-axis and z-axis, realize the adjustment of two rotary freedoms, adjust the extension elongation regulating ball both sides bolt specifically, stretch out L as regulated ball side bolt, opposite side shortens L, then floating installation to regulate centered by ball, will rotate a certain angle around some axle (such as x-axis or y-axis), thus realizing the floating installation rotary freedom along certain axle. After the position adjustment of equipment or parts, screw the locking nut on locking device, the degree of regulation of fixing equipment.
The present invention is installed on above equipment or component of machine pedestal 1, during use, move described floating installation 3 as required along the x-axis direction, now T-shaped slide block 7 will move along gathering sill 8, it is possible to prevent that the phenomenon that obliquity effects moves occurs, the adjustment of x-axis direction degree of freedom can be realized by aforesaid operations. Regulate ball 2 and be bolted on pedestal 1, it is positioned at below described floating installation 3, rotating adjustment ball 2 and can regulate its extension elongation, it is achieved regulating the adjustment of ball distance in the z-axis direction, thus also achieving the adjustment of described floating installation 3 distance along the z-axis direction. The length of left and right, upper-lower position locking device 4 bolt on symmetrical adjustment floating installation, floating installation 3 will to regulate ball 2 for fulcrum, it is achieved floating installation 3 rotates around x-axis and y-axis, changes the centre coordinate position of equipment, it is achieved the purpose of regulation of mental activities.
Foregoing invention achieves freely regulating of 4 degree of freedom of floating installation, reduce equipment or component of machine installs the requirement to equipment base design accuracy, reduce processing cost, also solve the adjustment problem of equipment or component of machine installation accuracy in small space simultaneously, convenient operation, has heightened efficiency. Such as, having the seal member of individual concentricity requirement φ 0.05mm holding an internal tank, parts are arranged on a cylinder, and Telescopic-cylinder realizes contact and the disconnection of concentric parts. Owing to container volume is limited, only design has only small hand hole, operates inconvenient. And, equipment base is after installing hole machines, then is welded on container, if the precision merely desiring to install pedestal by improving cylinder realizes, then extremely difficult.After adopting 4DOF aligning device, then just can pass through the adjustment of translation, rotary freedom, reach the concentricity requirement of seal member, not only facilitate manual adjustment, also being avoided that because cylinder mounting seat positional precision is inadequate, affect concentric requirement, the phenomenon that even structure is scrapped occurs.

Claims (6)

1. a floating type 4DOF aligning device, it mainly includes pedestal, it is characterized in that: pedestal is provided with floating installation, floating installation is provided with locking device and gathering sill, is provided with T-shaped or V-arrangement adjusting slider in gathering sill, and slide block is provided with centre bore, described locking device is provided with clamping screw, clamping screw is connected with pedestal, and clamping screw is symmetrical arranged on four angles of pedestal, and clamping screw matches with centre bore to merge and is fixed with nut.
2. the floating type 4DOF aligning device of one according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: being connected by adjustment ball between pedestal with floating installation, floating installation is bolted on pedestal, and described adjustment ball has 1, diameter 20~50mm, is arranged at the middle part of pedestal.
3. the using method of a floating type 4DOF aligning device, it is characterized in that: described using method is as follows: a, the floating installation of aligning device is moved along X-direction, time mobile, slide block moves along gathering sill so that floating installation realizes the adjustment of x-axis direction degree of freedom; B, floating installation distance along the z-axis direction is adjusted, and rotates and regulates ball to regulate the distance between ball and pedestal so that floating installation realizes the adjustment of Z-direction degree of freedom; C, adjusting the extension elongation regulating ball both sides bolts, making floating installation to regulate centered by ball, around x-axis or y-axis rotation, thus realizing the floating installation rotary freedom along x-axis or y-axis.
4. the using method of a kind of floating type 4DOF aligning device according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: aligning device is provided with pedestal, and pedestal is provided with floating installation, and floating installation is provided with locking device and gathering sill.
5. the using method of a kind of floating type 4DOF aligning device according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: be connected by adjustment ball between pedestal with floating installation, floating installation is bolted on pedestal, described adjustment ball has 1, diameter 20~50mm, is arranged at the middle part of pedestal.
6. the using method of a kind of floating type 4DOF aligning device according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: in gathering sill, be provided with T-shaped or V-arrangement adjusting slider, slide block is provided with centre bore, described locking device is provided with clamping screw, clamping screw is connected with pedestal, clamping screw is symmetrical arranged on four angles of pedestal, and clamping screw matches with centre bore to merge and is fixed with nut.
CN201410187666.2A 2014-05-06 2014-05-06 A kind of floating type 4DOF aligning device and using method thereof Active CN104002266B (en)

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104400374B (en) * 2014-10-29 2015-10-28 哈尔滨工业大学 Two frames coplanar guide type aligning method and apparatus of stator alignment measurement is turned for aero-engine
CN105547548A (en) * 2016-02-05 2016-05-04 沈阳埃克斯邦科技有限公司 Elastomer fastening device

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2541918A1 (en) * 1983-03-01 1984-09-07 Europ Propulsion Process and device for automatically positioning two components with respect to each other with a view especially to their assembly
SU1296347A1 (en) * 1985-03-07 1987-03-15 Шяуляйский Учебно-Производственный Комбинат Литовского Общества Слепых Assembling apparatus
SU1689010A1 (en) * 1989-05-03 1991-11-07 Каунасский Политехнический Институт Им.А.Снечкуса Assembling device
CN102689173A (en) * 2012-06-17 2012-09-26 鞍钢集团矿业公司 Ball type multidirectional fine-adjustment clamping and aligning device
CN103737310A (en) * 2014-01-15 2014-04-23 西安电子科技大学 Cylindrical cabin docking assembly

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2541918A1 (en) * 1983-03-01 1984-09-07 Europ Propulsion Process and device for automatically positioning two components with respect to each other with a view especially to their assembly
SU1296347A1 (en) * 1985-03-07 1987-03-15 Шяуляйский Учебно-Производственный Комбинат Литовского Общества Слепых Assembling apparatus
SU1689010A1 (en) * 1989-05-03 1991-11-07 Каунасский Политехнический Институт Им.А.Снечкуса Assembling device
CN102689173A (en) * 2012-06-17 2012-09-26 鞍钢集团矿业公司 Ball type multidirectional fine-adjustment clamping and aligning device
CN103737310A (en) * 2014-01-15 2014-04-23 西安电子科技大学 Cylindrical cabin docking assembly

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