CN104002015B - Vertical type circular seam automatic pipe welder - Google Patents

Vertical type circular seam automatic pipe welder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104002015B
CN104002015B CN201410232252.7A CN201410232252A CN104002015B CN 104002015 B CN104002015 B CN 104002015B CN 201410232252 A CN201410232252 A CN 201410232252A CN 104002015 B CN104002015 B CN 104002015B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
welding gun
drive
installing rack
motor
frame
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410232252.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104002015A (en
Inventor
刘作祥
居孝红
郑前东
周斌
刘旭东
Original Assignee
宁波管通机械有限公司
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Application filed by 宁波管通机械有限公司 filed Critical 宁波管通机械有限公司
Priority to CN201410232252.7A priority Critical patent/CN104002015B/en
Publication of CN104002015A publication Critical patent/CN104002015A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104002015B publication Critical patent/CN104002015B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K9/00Arc welding or cutting
    • B23K9/02Seam welding; Backing means; Inserts
    • B23K9/028Seam welding; Backing means; Inserts for curved planar seams
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K9/00Arc welding or cutting
    • B23K9/12Automatic feeding or moving of electrodes or work for spot or seam welding or cutting

Abstract

The invention discloses a vertical type circular seam automatic pipe welder. The vertical type circular seam automatic pipe welder comprises a vertical frame, a welding gun assembly and a worktable. The welding gun assembly comprises a box, a first driving mechanism arranged inside the box, a welding gun connected with the driving mechanism in a transmission mode, and an arc striker. The frame is provided with a control screen; the first driving mechanism comprises an air cylinder and an electromagnetic valve; the worktable comprises a base plate and a linear slide rail on the base plate, wherein the linear slide rail is slidingly provided with a mounting rack, the mounting rack is rotatably provided with a turntable, the turntable is fixedly provided with a clamping jaw, a control motor is arranged inside the mounting rack, and the turntable is connected with the control motor in a transmission mode; the base plate is provided with a second driving mechanism for driving the mounting rack to slide; the welding gun the arc striker, the electromagnetic valve, the control motor, the clamping claw and the second driving mechanism are electrically connected with the control screen. The vertical type circular seam automatic pipe welder is high in machining precision, good in welding effects, simple in structure, easy to control, low in manufacturing cost and wide in machining range.

Description

Vertical circumferential weld automatic pipe welder
Technical field
The present invention relates to welded tube mill technical field, particularly to a kind of vertical circumferential weld automatic pipe welder.
Background technology
Automatic welding machine for circular seam be a kind of can complete various circular, the general automatic welding devices of circular weld welding, can use In the high-quality welding of the materials such as carbon steel, low-alloy steel, rustless steel, aluminum and its alloy, thus it is widely used in machinery manufacturing industry In field.Automatic welding machine for circular seam can be divided into vertical automatic welding machine for circular seam and horizontal automatic welding machine for circular seam by work pieces process structure difference Two kinds, wherein vertical automatic welding machine for circular seam is by well known greatly and common.The knot of currently known vertical circumferential weld automatic pipe welder Structure mainly include Vertical Rack, the welding gun assembly located at frame top and located at bottom of the frame and with welding gun assembly cooperation Workbench, casing, the drive mechanism in casing and drive mechanism that described welding gun assembly includes being fixed in frame pass The welding gun that is dynamically connected and the Igniting unit on welding gun and with welding gun cooperation, described workbench are fixed with and welding gun phase Corresponding fixture, described frame is additionally provided with control panel, and described control panel is electric with drive mechanism, welding gun, Igniting unit, fixture respectively Connect.Its operation principle is: when needing to carry out welding processing to pipe fitting, first pipe fitting to be processed is placed on fixture, and Clamp is made by control panel, after Workpiece clamping is fixing, drive mechanism energising work is made by control panel, drive mechanism obtains electric Afterwards, drive welding gun to be vertically lowered first, stop declining when welding gun reaches welding post, now Igniting unit carries out arc automatic starting, After striking reaches certain welding current, welding gun starts pipe fitting is welded, and meanwhile, drive mechanism drives welding gun to treat The center of processing pipe fitting is the center of circle, the length away from the center of circle for the Working position is rotated for radius, thus complete welding gun justifying to pipe fitting The automatic welding in week;After the completion of welding, welding gun and Igniting unit all quit work, and drive mechanism makes welding gun homing, passes through Control panel makes fixture unclamp, and takes out pipe fitting, completes the automatic welding of a workpiece.
However, above-mentioned " vertical circumferential weld automatic pipe welder " is unreasonable because of structure setting, all exist following in actual use Defect: first, because fixture is fixedly installed on the table, using the processing of " workpiece is fixed, and welding gun rotates " during welding processing Mode, welding gun is difficult to ensure that the Working position with workpiece is fully contacted, and leads to machining accuracy relatively low when rotating, and welding effect is relatively Difference;Second, drive mechanism, due to vertically movable firstly the need of controlling welding gun, then control welding gun to be rotated, leads to drive The design of motivation structure is complex, and control difficulty is larger, and manufacturing cost is higher;3rd, due to using " workpiece is fixed, and welding gun rotates " Processing mode, welding gun rotates in the presence of drive mechanism, and the radius that it rotates is limited, leads to pipe fitting processing dimension scope to have Limit, the scope of application is narrower.
Content of the invention
Present invention aims to the defect of prior art and deficiency, provide that a kind of machining accuracy is higher, welding effect Fruit is preferably, structure is simple, be easy to the vertical circumferential weld automatic pipe welder that controls, manufacturing cost is relatively low, the range of work is wider.
For achieving the above object, the present invention employs the following technical solutions:
Vertical circumferential weld automatic pipe welder of the present invention, including Vertical Rack, the welding gun assembly located at frame top, with And the workbench located at bottom of the frame and with the cooperation of welding gun assembly, casing that described welding gun assembly includes being fixed in frame, The welding gun that is in transmission connection with the first drive mechanism located at the first drive mechanism in casing and on welding gun and and welding gun The Igniting unit of cooperation, described frame is additionally provided with control panel, and described first drive mechanism includes controlling the gas of welding gun vertical lifting The electromagnetic valve that cylinder and cylinder are connected, described workbench includes substrate, the straight line that matches on substrate and with welding gun is slided Rail, described line slide rail is slidably provided with installing rack, and described installing rack is rotatably provided with rotating disk, fixing peace on described rotating disk It is equiped with jaw, in installing rack, is provided with controlled motor, described rotating disk is in transmission connection with controlled motor by drive mechanism, described base The second drive mechanism driving described installing rack to slide, described welding gun, Igniting unit, electromagnetic valve, control electricity are additionally provided with plate Machine, jaw and the second drive mechanism are electrically connected with described control panel respectively.
Further, described drive mechanism includes rotary shaft, the deceleration in rotary shaft being fixed at rotating disk bottom Gear, the output shaft of described controlled motor is provided with the travelling gear being connected with reduction gearing engagement.
Further, described second drive mechanism includes motor, the input of described motor and described control Screen electrical connection, the outfan of described motor is provided with screw mandrel, and described installing rack is provided with the screw axis with the cooperation of described screw mandrel Hold, described motor passes through screw mandrel and drives described installing rack motion with screw mandrel bearing fit.
The invention has the benefit that compared with prior art, the present invention is made up of cylinder and electromagnetic valve setting First drive mechanism, under the control action of electromagnetic valve, controls the vertical lifting of welding gun by cylinder, and structure setting is simply closed Reason, electromagnetic valve is electrically connected with control panel, controls more convenient, manufacturing cost is relatively low;Slided by the straight line of setting and welding gun cooperation Rail, and installing rack is slidably set on line slide rail, rotatable setting rotating disk on installing rack, rotating disk passes through drive mechanism and sets Controlled motor in installing rack is in transmission connection, and rotating disk is fixed with jaw, and substrate is provided with the slip of drive installation frame Second drive mechanism, when the present invention works, by workpiece fixed placement on jaw, by the second drive mechanism drive installation frame Advance to processing stations, now air cylinder driven welding gun drops to the position corresponding with workpiece, Igniting unit proceeds by striking, when When striking electric current reaches setting value, welding gun starts workpiece is welded, and meanwhile, controlled motor is made in the control of control panel With lower driving rotating disk, centered on rotary shaft, axle drives workpiece to rotate, so that welding gun can be fully contacted with the periphery of pipe fitting, After workpiece rotates one week, welding gun is quit work with controlled motor simultaneously, air cylinder driven welding gun homing, the second drive mechanism Drive installation frame homing, clamps and unclamps, and manually takes off pipe fitting, by arranging said structure it is ensured that welding gun and pipe Being fully contacted of part periphery, effectively increases machining accuracy during pipe fitting welding;Due to setting line slide rail and rotating disk, the present invention During work, welding gun is in a fixed position, and pipe fitting to be processed, with rotating disk synchronous axial system, when processing various sizes of pipe fitting, only need to lead to Cross motor and ensure that the periphery of pipe fitting is in tangent state with the axis of welding gun, thus effectively expanding the suitable of the present invention With scope, using more convenient.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is mplifying structure schematic diagram at a of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is that workbench, installing rack, rotating disk, jaw and the second drive mechanism cooperation mounting structure of the present invention are illustrated Figure.
In figure:
1st, frame;30th, workbench;20th, casing;21st, welding gun;22nd, Igniting unit;10th, control panel;31st, substrate;32nd, straight line Slide rail;33rd, installing rack;34th, rotating disk;35th, jaw;36th, controlled motor;41st, rotary shaft;42nd, reduction gearing;43rd, travelling gear; 51st, motor;52nd, screw mandrel;53rd, screw mandrel bearing.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Vertical circumferential weld automatic pipe welder as shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, including Vertical Rack 1, the welding gun located at frame 1 top Assembly and the workbench 30 located at frame 1 bottom and with the cooperation of welding gun assembly, described welding gun assembly includes being fixed at frame Welding gun 21 that casing 20 on 1, the first drive mechanism in casing 20 are in transmission connection with the first drive mechanism, Yi Jishe The Igniting unit 22 coordinating on welding gun 21 and with welding gun 21, described frame 1 is additionally provided with control panel 10, described first drive mechanism Including the electromagnetic valve controlling the cylinder of welding gun 21 vertical lifting to be connected with cylinder.Work by solenoid valve control cylinder State, and then control the vertical height of welding gun 21, easy to control;The the first drive mechanism knot constituting with cylinder and electromagnetic valve Structure arranges advantages of simple, and manufacturing cost is relatively low;The effect of the first drive mechanism is to control the position height of welding gun 21.
The line slide rail 32 that described workbench 30 includes substrate 31, match on substrate 31 and with welding gun 21, described Installing rack 33 is slidably provided with line slide rail 32, described installing rack 33 is rotatably provided with rotating disk 34, solid on described rotating disk 34 Dingan County is equiped with jaw 35, is provided with controlled motor 36 in installing rack 33, and described rotating disk 34 passes through drive mechanism and controlled motor 36 It is in transmission connection, specifically, described drive mechanism includes being fixed at the rotary shaft 41 of rotating disk 34 bottom, in rotary shaft 41 Reduction gearing 42, the output shaft of described controlled motor 36 is provided with the travelling gear 43 being connected with reduction gearing 42 engagement.
The second drive mechanism driving described installing rack 33 to slide, described second driving are additionally provided with described substrate 31 Mechanism includes motor 51, and the input of described motor 51 is electrically connected with described control panel 10, described motor 51 Outfan be provided with screw mandrel 52, described installing rack 33 is provided with the screw mandrel bearing 53 with the cooperation of described screw mandrel 52, described stepping electricity Machine 51 passes through screw mandrel 52 and coordinates the described installing rack 33 of driving to move with screw mandrel bearing 53.Described welding gun 21, Igniting unit 22, electromagnetism Valve, controlled motor 36, jaw 35 and the second drive mechanism are electrically connected with described control panel 10 respectively.
The job step of the present invention is: the first step, makes the present invention be in energising opening by control panel 10;
Second step, manually pipe fitting is placed on jaw 35, and control panel 10 controls jaw 35 clamping pipe fitting;
3rd step, after pipe fitting is fixing, motor 51 is started working, in the mating reaction of screw mandrel 52 and screw mandrel bearing 53 Under, installing rack 33 advances along line slide rail 32 and slides;
4th step, when installing rack 33 reaches processing stations, (periphery of pipe fitting is in tangency location with the axis of welding gun Can), motor 51 quits work, and installing rack 33 is in stationary state;
5th step, it is electric in running order that control panel 10 makes electromagnetic valve obtain, and cylinder, under the control action of electromagnetic valve, drives Welding gun 21 reaches specified altitude assignment (i.e. welding gun 21 reaches corresponding processing stations);
6th step, Igniting unit 22 starts the welding position to pipe fitting under the control action of control panel 10 and carries out striking;
7th step, when striking electric current reaches setting value, welding gun 21 is started working, and pipe fitting is welded, meanwhile, Controlled motor 36 driving rotating disk 34 under the control of control panel 10 rotates, and then by jaw 35 drive pipe fitting with rotary shaft 41 is Axis is rotated, thus completing the welding to pipe fitting circumference;
8th step, after the completion of welding, welding gun 21, Igniting unit 22 and controlled motor 36 quit work simultaneously, and welding gun 21 exists Return in the presence of cylinder, motor 51 drive installation frame 33 moves back to original position;
9th step, jaw 35 unclamps, and manually takes off pipe fitting.
Because welding gun 21 only moves up and down in the presence of cylinder, when the present invention processes various sizes of pipe fitting, only The displacement of installing rack 33 movement on line slide rail 32 need to be controlled by motor 51, you can ensure periphery and the welding gun of pipe fitting 21 axis is in tangent state, ensures that the present invention can carry out welding processing, applicable model to various sizes of pipe fitting Enclose wider, using more convenient.
The above is only the better embodiment of the present invention, therefore the construction described in all scopes according to present patent application, Equivalence changes or modification that feature and principle are done, are all included in the range of present patent application.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of vertical circumferential weld automatic pipe welder, including Vertical Rack (1), the welding gun assembly located at frame (1) top, Yi Jishe The workbench (30) coordinating in frame (1) bottom and with welding gun assembly, described welding gun assembly includes being fixed in frame (1) Welding gun (21) that casing (20), the first drive mechanism in casing (20) are in transmission connection with the first drive mechanism, Yi Jishe The Igniting unit (22) coordinating on welding gun (21) and with welding gun (21), described frame (1) is additionally provided with control panel (10), its feature It is: described first drive mechanism includes the electromagnetic valve controlling the cylinder of welding gun (21) vertical lifting to be connected, institute with cylinder State workbench (30) and include substrate (31), the line slide rail (32) gone up located at substrate (31) and match with welding gun (21), described Installing rack (33) is slidably provided with line slide rail (32), described installing rack (33) is rotatably provided with rotating disk (34), described turn The upper fixed installation of disk (34) is provided with jaw (35), is provided with controlled motor (36) in installing rack (33), and described rotating disk (34) passes through to pass Motivation structure is in transmission connection with controlled motor (36), described substrate (31) is additionally provided with drive described installing rack (33) to slide Second drive mechanism, described welding gun (21), Igniting unit (22), electromagnetic valve, controlled motor (36), jaw (35) and the second drive Motivation structure is electrically connected with described control panel (10) respectively;Described drive mechanism includes being fixed at the rotary shaft of rotating disk (34) bottom (41), the reduction gearing (42) in rotary shaft (41), the output shaft of described controlled motor (36) is provided with and reduction gearing (42) travelling gear (43) that engagement connects.
2. vertical circumferential weld automatic pipe welder according to claim 1 it is characterised in that: described second drive mechanism include walk Stepper motor (51), the input of described motor (51) is electrically connected with described control panel (10), described motor (51) Outfan is provided with screw mandrel (52), and described installing rack (33) is provided with the screw mandrel bearing (53) coordinating with described screw mandrel (52), described Motor (51) passes through screw mandrel (52) and drives described installing rack (33) motion with screw mandrel bearing (53) cooperation.
CN201410232252.7A 2014-05-28 2014-05-28 Vertical type circular seam automatic pipe welder CN104002015B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410232252.7A CN104002015B (en) 2014-05-28 2014-05-28 Vertical type circular seam automatic pipe welder

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410232252.7A CN104002015B (en) 2014-05-28 2014-05-28 Vertical type circular seam automatic pipe welder

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CN104002015A CN104002015A (en) 2014-08-27
CN104002015B true CN104002015B (en) 2017-01-18

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104551341B (en) * 2014-11-25 2019-10-29 苏州谷夫道自动化科技有限公司 Numerical control ring welder and its interpolation control method
CN104551342B (en) * 2014-12-09 2016-08-10 天津卡达克汽车高新技术公司 A kind of mechanism carrying out girth welding in setting mode
CN104625518B (en) * 2014-12-20 2016-09-21 芜湖盛力科技股份有限公司 A kind of method of controlling operation thereof of automatic nut welding machine
CN106624276B (en) * 2016-10-26 2019-10-11 广西科技大学鹿山学院 A kind of full-automatic vertical circular seam welder
CN110744235A (en) * 2019-10-30 2020-02-04 合肥真谊机械制造有限公司 Vertical circular seam welding machine

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JPS60124474A (en) * 1983-12-09 1985-07-03 Hitachi Zosen Corp Automatic welding method of circular work
CN2820417Y (en) * 2005-06-24 2006-09-27 芜湖恒信汽车内饰制造有限公司 Flexible automatic welding device
CN2894922Y (en) * 2005-06-29 2007-05-02 中国重型汽车集团泰安五岳专用汽车有限公司 Circular weldment semiautomatic welding apparatus
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CN104191144A (en) * 2014-08-12 2014-12-10 安徽利锋机械工具有限公司 Automatic 360-degree arc welding machine

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