CN103999692B - A kind of Pleurotus eryngii industrial cultivation method - Google Patents

A kind of Pleurotus eryngii industrial cultivation method Download PDF

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CN103999692B
CN103999692B CN201410247285.9A CN201410247285A CN103999692B CN 103999692 B CN103999692 B CN 103999692B CN 201410247285 A CN201410247285 A CN 201410247285A CN 103999692 B CN103999692 B CN 103999692B
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mushroom
step
cultivation
bag
deg
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CN201410247285.9A
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CN103999692A (en
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吴小涛
黄应瑞
陈泽针
黄晓峰
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江苏久禾生物科技发展有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of Pleurotus eryngii industrial cultivation method, this cultivation method comprises: charging, sterilizing, cooling, inoculation, cultivation, fruiting and packaging of gathering, and utilize modernization project technology and sophisticated equipment, artificial setting, the automatically environment such as temperature, humidity, illumination, content of nitrogen dioxide of control Xingbao mushroom when cultivation, fruiting, make the technological process of production, production technical standard, product quality equalization, Xingbao mushroom produces the anniversary.

Description

A kind of Pleurotus eryngii industrial cultivation method

Technical field

The invention belongs to field of edible fungus culture, the technical field of particularly Pleurotus eryngii industrial production, is specifically related to a kind of Pleurotus eryngii industrial cultivation method.

Background technology

Xingbao mushroom is that all suitable fungi eaten by a kind of medicine of preciousness, and Xingbao mushroom bacterial context is plump, quality is tender and crisp, excellent taste, is that one of 16 kinds of edible Rare edible fungus are recommended by the World Health Organization and FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation).

Many countries all successively carry out domestication and the cultivation research of Xingbao mushroom in the world, and cultivate successfully under manually operated environmental condition, the countries and regions such as current China, Japan, Korea S, Thailand and China Taiwan have started to enter commercial production all, Xingbao mushroom belongs to wooden saprophytic mushroom, the seasonal Xinbao mushroom culturing of tradition, very large by effect of natural conditions, product can not anniversary stable market supply, product is unstable, quality is uneven, because mushroom room environment in factory is not by seasonal effect, achieve the year-round supply of Xingbao mushroom edible mushroom, meet the requirement of consumer to fresh food bacterium, domestic Xingbao mushroom changes from seasonality cultivation to factory culture, since two thousand six produce factory's number of Xingbao mushroom specially, every year with 50% speed increase, reach hundreds of family, mushroom with fastest developing speed after industrialized cultivation for needle mushroom will be become, although Xingbao mushroom developing history is short, production technology is not yet very stable, and its mouthfeel is fine, and storage endurance again, shelf life is long, and market demand increases considerably in recent years.

Pleurotus eryngii industrial cultivation is the novel culture technique of one developed rapidly in the world at present, Pleurotus eryngii industrial produces the main distinction of producing relative to traditional booth seasonality: one, efficiency is high: from the configuration of the equipment that is built in mushroom room, substantially all design is pressed, adopt mechanized operation, part adopts Automated condtrol; Substantially increase efficiency, decrease labour intensity; Two, can whole year production: factorial praluction adopts the temperature needed for Artificial Control Growth of Pleurotus eryngii, humidity, illumination, make it by the impact of extraneous seasonal variation; Three, land utilization rate is large: factorial praluction adopts stereo planting, substantially increases the availability of unit are; Short several years are only had, the problems such as although update in recent years, but still it is long to there is the production cycle, and link hand-manipulated is many, and benefit is not good enough in the fast development of China.

Although the industrial cultivation technique of Xingbao mushroom is still in the starting stage in China, represent the developing direction in Xingbao mushroom edible mushroom future.Research and develop towards the Pleurotus eryngii industrial cultivation technology with following characteristics: utilize modernization project technology and advanced facility, equipment, artificial setting, automatic control is suitable for the temperature that Xingbao mushroom edible fungi growth is grown, humidity, illumination, the environment such as content of nitrogen dioxide, mechanized operation spice, pack, the production processes such as inoculation, make the technological process of production, production technical standard, product quality equalization, fresh mushroom produces the anniversary, thus increase substantially labor productivity, Qualified Products Rate and biological conversion rate, decreasing pollution, reduce costs, the economic benefit of further raising Xingbao mushroom edible fungus culturing.

Summary of the invention

Technical problem to be solved by this invention is, overcome the shortcoming of prior art, there is provided a kind of Pleurotus eryngii industrial cultivation method, the method can make planting technique procedure, production technical standard, product quality equalization, Xingbao mushroom produces the anniversary, increases substantially labor productivity, Qualified Products Rate and biological conversion rate, decreasing pollution, reduce costs, improve the economic benefit of planting almond abalone mushroom further.

In order to solve above technical problem, the invention provides a kind of Pleurotus eryngii industrial cultivation method, comprising the following steps:

Step (1): choose Mixed culture material, and the stirring that adds water is prewetted, to control the Mixed culture material water content after prewetting be 64%-66%, PH is 6-7;

Adopt Mixed culture material water content control when 64%-66%, the mycelial growth rate of the bacterial classification that subsequent inoculations is come in is the fastest, in vain dense, vigorous; The height of composts or fertilisers of cultivating acid-base value, directly have influence on the metabolism of Xingbao mushroom hyphal cell and completing of the whole history of life, the PH of Mixed culture material controls under the environment of the such suitable growth of 6-7 by the present invention, avoid because PH is too high and the too low the mycelia growing of pleurotus eryngii that causes is bad, especially under higher PH, the situation that Xingbao mushroom mycelia is obviously suppressed;

Step (2): by the obtained cultivation bag of Mixed culture material packing pack in step (1), wrapping punching in cultivation and in hole, inserting sticking plaster and ensure that reserved hole is not blocked, to be locked the opening of cultivation bag cap beyond the Great Wall with horn mouth Plastibell;

Step (3): wrap in vacuumize in high pressure automation sterilizing cabinet to the cultivation in step (2) and carry out vacuum high-pressure sterilization treatment, through refrigerating work procedure after sterilizing;

Refrigerating work procedure is specially: first to be moved to by the cultivation bag after sterilizing in first cooling chamber of sterilizing in advance and naturally cool, and after temperature drops to and is no more than 40 DEG C, moves to the second cooling chamber and utilizes refrigeration machine to carry out forced refrigeration, be cooled to be no more than 25 DEG C;

What sterilizing of the present invention adopted is vacuum-pumping type high pressure automation sterilizing cabinet, and this sterilizing cabinet is very easy to use, and sterilization effect is good, and sterilizing capacity is large, and each sterilizing cabinet can put more than cultivation Bao Yiwan bag, and land area availability is high,

Step (4): adopt air cleaning streamline by cultivation bag cooled in liquid-spawn inoculation to step (3), pull out the sticking plaster inserted in cultivation bag during inoculation;

What the present invention inoculated employing is the inoculation of air cleaning streamline, the comparatively conventional vaccination case inoculation of this vaccination ways, and inoculation speed is fast, the advantages such as efficiency is high, and microbiological contamination probability is low;

Step (5): it is 24 DEG C that postvaccinal cultivation bag is delivered to temperature, and relative air humidity is no more than in the culturing room of 70%, cultivate 28-32 days and keep culturing room to be dark state, Xingbao mushroom mycelia is well-grown under dark condition;

Xingbao mushroom belongs to alternating temperature fecundity mushroom, and mycelia all can grow within the scope of 6-32 DEG C, and less than 4 DEG C and more than 36 DEG C stop growing, thermophilic 20-28 DEG C, and in the present invention, the temperature of culturing room controls at 24 DEG C, and mycelial growth rate is significantly accelerated;

Step (6): it is 14-16 DEG C that the cultivation bag after cultivation in step (5) is moved into temperature, relative air humidity is in the mushroom producing room of 90%-95% and pulls out the cap and horn mouth Plastibell of cultivating and wrapping, management of producing mushroom 17-19 days, increases the diffused light of 500-1000lx in 9-10 days before management of producing mushroom in culturing room;

Xingbao mushroom has obvious phototaxis, and Xingbao mushroom mycelia is well-grown under dark condition, but the later stage suitably increases the diffused light of 500-1000lx, is conducive to fruit body and occurs;

Xingbao mushroom belongs to the mushroom of middle fruiting performances at low temperature, nourish and grow at Xingbao mushroom and proceed to reproductive growth and will have a stimulating course of lowering the temperature, the temperature difference of 10 DEG C is just enough, the temperature of mushroom producing room of the present invention controls at 14-16 DEG C, with Xingbao mushroom cultivation stage 24 DEG C, the just in time temperature difference of about 10 DEG C, can meet Xingbao mushroom mycelia and proceed to from the vegetative phase prerequisite that reproductive phase " needs thermal stimulation process ";

Step (7): the Xingbao mushroom after management of producing mushroom in step (6) is gathered packaging.

The technical scheme that the present invention limits further is:

In aforementioned Pleurotus eryngii industrial cultivation method, in step (1), Mixed culture material comprises following component before prewetting by mass percentage: weed tree sawdust 15%, corncob 36%, bagasse 15%, wheat bran 20%, corn flour 5%, dregs of beans 5%, calcium carbonate 2%, lime 2%, its stirring operation of prewetting is specially:

Adopt pre-wet mixer to stir Mixed culture material, the time is 5 minutes, controls amount of water as required, then stirs at least 15 minutes obtained Mixed culture material;

Mixed culture material in the present invention comprises following component by mass percentage: weed tree sawdust 15%, corncob 36%, bagasse 15%, wheat bran 20%, corn flour 5%, dregs of beans 5%, calcium carbonate 2%, lime 2%, wherein, weed tree sawdust, corncob, bagasse, dregs of beans, calcium carbonate, lime is as carbon source, wheat bran and corn flour are as nitrogenous source, because the strain of Pleurotus eryngii after cultivating through domestication is a kind of decomposition lignin, the edible mushroom that cellulose ability is stronger, it needs higher nitrogenous source, nitrogen content is higher, mycelial density is high, output, quality is better, but can fruiting be postponed, nitrogenous source amount controls in 30% at a Sq by the present invention, be beneficial to the swift and violent growth of Xingbao mushroom,

Adopt in the present invention pre-wet mixer to composts or fertilisers of cultivating carry out stirring each component of composts or fertilisers of cultivating is stirred evenly, utilize micro computer time controller, magnetic valve and pressure pump interlock simultaneously, controlling amount of water as required makes the humidity of each composts or fertilisers of cultivating can reach basically identical, reaches required humidity; Adopt the spice of this mechanization to invade relative to traditional millpond the labour intensity greatly reducing workman for bubble raw material, improve operating efficiency, make the whole technological process of production, production technical standard, product quality equalization.

In aforementioned Pleurotus eryngii industrial cultivation method, the Polypropylene Bag of 18cm × 35cm × 0.005cm is selected to carry out packing pack by punching type sack filling machine in step (2), control the Mixed culture material of the often in-built 1200-1300g of bag Polypropylene Bag, stirring of prewetting in rate-determining steps (1) terminates to be no more than 2 hours to the time of having packed;

Polypropylene Bag packing composts or fertilisers of cultivating is adopted in the present invention, Polypropylene Bag is heat-resisting, corrosion-resistant, can steam sterilization and lightweight transparent, the cultivation of better observation Xingbao mushroom, punching type sack filling machine is adopted to carry out continuous mechanical packing, the packing of automation, the high uniformity that also ensure that cultivation bag quality of efficiency;

Stirring of prewetting in step (1) terminates be no more than 2 hours to the time controling of having packed, because in the dry state, the microorganism being attached to feed particles surface is resting state, once water suction, bacterium is the significantly increment in geometric progression at once, metabolic process constantly releases energy, impel again composts or fertilisers of cultivating temperature to raise, cause bacterium greater amount to be rised in value, cause becoming sour of composts or fertilisers of cultivating, stir and will pack once end, end of packing at short notice;

In aforementioned Pleurotus eryngii industrial cultivation method, vacuum-pumping type high pressure automation sterilizing cabinet is adopted to carry out sterilizing in step (3), first 0.055 MPa is evacuated to cultivation bag sterilized environment, sterilized environment is warming up to 100 DEG C and keeps 30 minutes by recycling steam, sterilized environment is warming up to 110 DEG C and keeps 20 minutes by recycling steam, finally utilize steam that sterilized environment is warming up to 125 DEG C and keep carrying out sterilizing after 3 hours, after sterilized environment vacuum being dropped to after sterilizing 0 MPa, taking out cultivation bag;

After bacterium packages, sterilizing to be carried out in time because due to the nutrition in bacterium bag abundanter, if sterilizing not in time, a large amount of harmful microorganism time one length in bacterium bag will amount reproduction, causes the nutrition in bacterium bag to destroy.

In aforementioned Pleurotus eryngii industrial cultivation method, cultivation wraps in mushroom producing room and carries out management of producing mushroom and be divided into and promote former base Formation period, mushroom flower bud Formation period, elongating stage and maturing stage management in step (6):

Promote that the mode that former base Formation period adopts ground to add water maintains mushroom producing room humidity at 90%-95%; Mushroom flower bud Formation period maintains mushroom producing room gas concentration lwevel at 0.3-0.5%, and pedestrian's work of going forward side by side dredges flower bud, is cut away by mushroom inferior with cutter, and every bag cultivating bag stays 1-3 mushroom flower bud; The concentration maintaining mushroom producing room carbonic acid gas elongating stage is 0.4-0.6%; The concentration that maturing stage maintains mushroom producing room carbonic acid gas is 0.4-0.6%;

In aforementioned Pleurotus eryngii industrial cultivation method, in step (6), cultivation wraps in mushroom producing room when carrying out management of producing mushroom increases diffused light, illumination every day 8-10h.

In aforementioned Pleurotus eryngii industrial cultivation method, in step (6), cultivation wraps in mushroom producing room when carrying out management of producing mushroom increases diffused light, illumination every day 24h.

Promoting that the mode that former base Formation period adopts ground to add water maintains mushroom producing room humidity in the present invention, prevent from opening charge level dehydration after cultivation bag mouth, former base is difficult to be formed; Manually dredge flower bud at mushroom flower bud Formation period, control mushroom flower bud quantity, nutrition supply is disperseed, the ratio of commodity Xingbao mushroom reduces, and improves the quality of commodity Xingbao mushroom; The certain concentration of carbonic acid gas is all maintained at mushroom flower bud Formation period and maturing stage, promote the sound field speed of Xingbao mushroom and make the upper and lower even thickness of mushroom handle, ratio can be obtained high, colory commodity Xingbao mushroom, in addition, maintain 0.4-0.6% at the carbonic acid gas in maturing stage, Xingbao mushroom cognition is extended gradually, when the concentration of carbonic acid gas just there will be non-cap mushroom more than 0.7%, lose commodity value.

In aforementioned Pleurotus eryngii industrial cultivation method, gather when smooth at Xingbao mushroom cap in step (7), spore not yet launches, disposable glove is put during employing, to reduce the fingerprint on mushroom body, affect exterior of commodity, batch production Xingbao mushroom only gathers one batch, the amount of gathering is the 80-95% of whole composts or fertilisers of cultivating gross yield, gather periodic Control at 17-20 days, in time mushroom room thoroughly cleaned after gathering, sterilize, use again after ventilation 1-2 days; During packaging, reaming basifixed medium by adopting the Xingbao mushroom stainless steel pocket knife got off, being positioned in the freezer of 2-5 DEG C and lowering the temperature 4 hours, then packing with freshness protection package;

When the present invention gathers, Xingbao mushroom cap smooth, spore is the best period of gathering when not yet launching, and batch production Xingbao mushroom only gathers one batch, to improve the turnover of factorial praluction, because second batch of quality, output do not have economic benefit.

The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:

In sum, the Mixed culture material formula adopted in the present invention is for desired nutritional goods and materials in Xingbao mushroom different phase, proportioning contains the raw material of desired nutritional in each stage, reach balanced in nutrition, and the nutriment in this Mixed culture material is easy to Xingbao mushroom absorption, thus fully improve each growth period desired nutritional of Xingbao mushroom, speed the speed of each growth period of Xingbao mushroom, whole growth cycle is significantly shortened, industrial planting method in the present invention utilizes modernization project technology and sophisticated equipment, artificial setting, the temperature that automatic control Growth of Pleurotus eryngii is grown, humidity, illumination, the environment such as content of nitrogen dioxide, mechanized operation spice, pack, the production processes such as inoculation, make the technological process of production, production technical standard, product quality equalization, Xingbao mushroom produces the anniversary, increase substantially labor productivity, Qualified Products Rate and biological conversion rate, decreasing pollution, reduce costs, the economic benefit of further raising planting almond abalone mushroom, make Xingbao mushroom steady quality, product quality is high, not by the impact of natural conditions, this production technology is simple, be applicable to large-scale industrial production, in the present invention, in every bag, the amount of gathering of individual plant Xingbao mushroom can reach its biological efficiency of 400g-475g and reaches 80-95%, substantially increases output.

Embodiment

embodiment 1

A kind of Pleurotus eryngii industrial cultivation method that the present embodiment provides, comprises the following steps:

Step (1): choose and comprise following component by mass percentage: weed tree sawdust 15%, corncob 36%, bagasse 15%, wheat bran 20%, corn flour 5%, dregs of beans 5%, calcium carbonate 2%, the Mixed culture material of lime 2%, change the component in above-mentioned Mixed culture material into corresponding volume, different volumes container is adopted to measure each component of composts or fertilisers of cultivating, pour pre-wet mixer into and first stir 5 minutes, recycling micro computer time controller, magnetic valve and pressure pump interlock, control amount of water as required, stirring 15 minutes obtained water content is again 65%, PH is the Mixed culture material of 6.5,

Step (2): selected by the Mixed culture material in step (1) Polypropylene Bag of 18cm × 35cm × 0.005cm to adopt punching type sack filling machine to carry out the obtained cultivation bag of packing pack, the often Mixed culture material of the in-built 1200g of bag Polypropylene Bag, in rate-determining steps (1), the stirring of prewetting of Mixed culture material terminates the extremely packing deadline is 2 hours, wrap punching in cultivation and insert sticking plaster in hole, being locked the opening of cultivation bag cap beyond the Great Wall with horn mouth Plastibell;

Step (3): utilize vacuum-pumping type high pressure automation sterilizing cabinet to carry out vacuum high-pressure sterilization treatment, through refrigerating work procedure after sterilizing to the cultivation bag in step (2);

Refrigerating work procedure is specially: first moved to by the cultivation bag after sterilizing in first cooling chamber of sterilizing in advance and naturally cool, after temperature drops to 35 DEG C, move to the second cooling chamber and utilize refrigeration machine to carry out forced refrigeration, be cooled to 20 DEG C;

When vacuum-pumping type high pressure automation sterilizing cabinet carries out sterilizing, first 0.055 MPa is evacuated to in cultivation bag sterilizing cabinet, recycling steam is by temperature to 100 in sterilizing cabinet DEG C and keep 30 minutes, recycling steam is by temperature to 110 in sterilizing cabinet DEG C and keep 20 minutes, finally utilize steam by temperature to 125 in sterilizing cabinet DEG C and carry out sterilizing after keeping 3 hours, after vacuum in sterilizing cabinet being dropped to after sterilizing 0 MPa, taking out cultivation bag;

Step (4): adopt air cleaning streamline by cooled for sterilizing in liquid-spawn inoculation to step (3) cultivation bag, cultivation to be carried on Turnround basket after wrapping in sterilizing cooling and to push on streamline, adopt and manually inoculate on streamline, postvaccinal Turnround basket is transported to culturing room successively and cultivates, and pulls out the sticking plaster inserted in cultivation bag during inoculation;

Step (5): it is 24 DEG C that postvaccinal cultivation bag is delivered to temperature, and relative air humidity is in the culturing room of 65%, cultivates 32 days and keeps the dark state of culturing room;

Step (6): it is 15 DEG C that the cultivation bag after cultivation in step (5) is moved into temperature, relative air humidity is in the mushroom producing room of 92% and pulls out the cap and horn mouth Plastibell of cultivating and wrapping, management of producing mushroom 17 days, increases the diffused light of 800lx for 10 days and illumination every day 24h at management of producing mushroom front in culturing room.

Cultivation wrap in mushroom producing room carry out management of producing mushroom be divided into promote former base Formation period, mushroom flower bud Formation period, elongating stage and the maturing stage management:

Promote that the mode that former base Formation period adopts ground to add water maintains mushroom producing room humidity 92%; Mushroom flower bud Formation period maintains mushroom producing room gas concentration lwevel 0.3%, and pedestrian's work of going forward side by side dredges flower bud, is cut away by mushroom inferior with cutter, and every bag cultivating bag stays 2 mushroom flower buds; The concentration maintaining mushroom producing room carbonic acid gas elongating stage is 0.5%; The concentration that maturing stage maintains mushroom producing room carbonic acid gas is 0.4%;

Step (7): gather when smooth at cap after pleurotus eryngii fruiting management in step (6), spore not yet launch, to gather in every bag the individual plant Xingbao mushroom of 425g, periodic Control of gathering, at 18 days, is thoroughly cleaned mushroom room in time after gathering, is sterilized, and ventilates and uses after 2 days again; During packaging, reaming basifixed medium by adopting the Xingbao mushroom stainless steel pocket knife got off, being positioned in the freezer of 4 DEG C and lowering the temperature 4 hours, then packing with freshness protection package.

embodiment 2

A kind of Pleurotus eryngii industrial cultivation method that the present embodiment provides, comprises the following steps:

Step (1): choose and comprise following component by mass percentage: weed tree sawdust 15%, corncob 36%, bagasse 15%, wheat bran 20%, corn flour 5%, dregs of beans 5%, calcium carbonate 2%, the Mixed culture material of lime 2%, changes the component in above-mentioned Mixed culture material into corresponding volume, different volumes container is adopted to measure each component of composts or fertilisers of cultivating, pour pre-wet mixer into and first stir 5 minutes, recycling micro computer time controller, magnetic valve and pressure pump interlock, control amount of water as required, to stir 20 minutes obtained water content be again 64%, PH be 7 Mixed culture material;

Step (2): selected by the Mixed culture material in step (1) Polypropylene Bag of 18cm × 35cm × 0.005cm to adopt punching type sack filling machine to carry out the obtained cultivation bag of packing pack, the often Mixed culture material of the in-built 1300g of bag Polypropylene Bag, in rate-determining steps (1), the stirring of prewetting of Mixed culture material terminates the extremely packing deadline is 1.5 hours, wrap punching in cultivation and insert sticking plaster in hole, being locked the opening of cultivation bag cap beyond the Great Wall with horn mouth Plastibell;

Step (3): utilize vacuum-pumping type high pressure automation sterilizing cabinet to carry out vacuum high-pressure sterilization treatment, through refrigerating work procedure after sterilizing to the cultivation bag in step (2);

Refrigerating work procedure is specially: first moved to by the cultivation bag after sterilizing in first cooling chamber of sterilizing in advance and naturally cool, after temperature drops to 40 DEG C, move to the second cooling chamber and utilize refrigeration machine to carry out forced refrigeration, be cooled to 25 DEG C;

When vacuum-pumping type high pressure automation sterilizing cabinet carries out sterilizing, first 0.055 MPa is evacuated to in cultivation bag sterilizing cabinet, recycling steam is by temperature to 100 in sterilizing cabinet DEG C and keep 30 minutes, recycling steam is by temperature to 110 in sterilizing cabinet DEG C and keep 20 minutes, finally utilize steam by temperature to 125 in sterilizing cabinet DEG C and carry out sterilizing after keeping 3 hours, after vacuum in sterilizing cabinet being dropped to after sterilizing 0 MPa, taking out cultivation bag;

Step (4): adopt air cleaning streamline by cooled for sterilizing in liquid-spawn inoculation to step (3) cultivation bag, cultivation to be carried on Turnround basket after wrapping in sterilizing cooling and to push on streamline, adopt and manually inoculate on streamline, postvaccinal Turnround basket is transported to culturing room successively and cultivates, and pulls out the sticking plaster inserted in cultivation bag during inoculation;

Step (5): it is 24 DEG C that postvaccinal cultivation bag is delivered to temperature, and relative air humidity is in the culturing room of 70%, cultivates 30 days and keeps the dark state of culturing room;

Step (6): it is 14 DEG C that the cultivation bag after cultivation in step (5) is moved into temperature, relative air humidity is in the mushroom producing room of 95% and pulls out the cap and horn mouth Plastibell of cultivating and wrapping, management of producing mushroom 19 days, increases the diffused light of 1000lx for 9 days and illumination every day 8h at management of producing mushroom front in culturing room;

Cultivation wrap in mushroom producing room carry out management of producing mushroom be divided into promote former base Formation period, mushroom flower bud Formation period, elongating stage and the maturing stage management:

Promote that the mode that former base Formation period adopts ground to add water maintains mushroom producing room humidity 95%; Mushroom flower bud Formation period maintains mushroom producing room gas concentration lwevel 0.4%, and pedestrian's work of going forward side by side dredges flower bud, is cut away by mushroom inferior with cutter, and every bag cultivating bag stays 3 mushroom flower buds; The concentration maintaining mushroom producing room carbonic acid gas elongating stage is 0.4%; The concentration that maturing stage maintains mushroom producing room carbonic acid gas is 0.6%;

Step (7): gather when, spore smooth at cap to the Xingbao mushroom after management of producing mushroom in step (6) not yet launches, to gather in every bag cultivating bag the individual plant Xingbao mushroom of 400g, periodic Control of gathering, at 20 days, is thoroughly cleaned mushroom room in time after gathering, is sterilized, and ventilates and uses after 1 day again; During packaging, reaming basifixed medium by adopting the Xingbao mushroom stainless steel pocket knife got off, being positioned in the freezer of 3 DEG C and lowering the temperature 4 hours, then packing with freshness protection package.

embodiment 3

A kind of Pleurotus eryngii industrial cultivation method that the present embodiment provides, comprises the following steps:

Step (1): choose and comprise following component by mass percentage: weed tree sawdust 15%, corncob 36%, bagasse 15%, wheat bran 20%, corn flour 5%, dregs of beans 5%, calcium carbonate 2%, the Mixed culture material of lime 2%, changes the component in above-mentioned Mixed culture material into corresponding volume, different volumes container is adopted to measure each component of composts or fertilisers of cultivating, pour pre-wet mixer into and first stir 5 minutes, recycling micro computer time controller, magnetic valve and pressure pump interlock, control amount of water as required, to stir 20 minutes obtained water content be again 64%, PH be 7 Mixed culture material;

Step (2): selected by the Mixed culture material in step (1) Polypropylene Bag of 18cm × 35cm × 0.005cm to adopt punching type sack filling machine to carry out the obtained cultivation bag of packing pack, the often Mixed culture material of the in-built 1250g of bag Polypropylene Bag, in rate-determining steps (1), the stirring of prewetting of Mixed culture material terminates the extremely packing deadline is 1.8 hours, wrap punching in cultivation and insert sticking plaster in hole, being locked the opening of cultivation bag cap beyond the Great Wall with horn mouth Plastibell;

Step (3): utilize vacuum-pumping type high pressure automation sterilizing cabinet to carry out vacuum high-pressure sterilization treatment, through refrigerating work procedure after sterilizing to the cultivation bag in step (2);

Refrigerating work procedure is specially: first moved to by the cultivation bag after sterilizing in first cooling chamber of sterilizing in advance and naturally cool, after temperature drops to 36 DEG C, move to the second cooling chamber and utilize refrigeration machine to carry out forced refrigeration, be cooled to 22 DEG C;

When vacuum-pumping type high pressure automation sterilizing cabinet carries out sterilizing, first 0.055 MPa is evacuated to in cultivation bag sterilizing cabinet, recycling steam is by temperature to 100 in sterilizing cabinet DEG C and keep 30 minutes, recycling steam is by temperature to 110 in sterilizing cabinet DEG C and keep 20 minutes, finally utilize steam by temperature to 125 in sterilizing cabinet DEG C and carry out sterilizing after keeping 3 hours, after vacuum in sterilizing cabinet being dropped to after sterilizing 0 MPa, taking out cultivation bag;

Step (4): adopt air cleaning streamline by cooled for sterilizing in liquid-spawn inoculation to step (3) cultivation bag, cultivation to be carried on Turnround basket after wrapping in sterilizing cooling and to push on streamline, adopt and manually inoculate on streamline, postvaccinal Turnround basket is transported to culturing room successively and cultivates, and pulls out the sticking plaster inserted in cultivation bag during inoculation;

Step (5): it is 24 DEG C that postvaccinal cultivation bag is delivered to temperature, and relative air humidity is in the culturing room of 60%, cultivates 28 days and keeps the dark state of culturing room;

Step (6): it is 16 DEG C that the cultivation bag after cultivation in step (5) is moved into temperature, relative air humidity is in the mushroom producing room of 90% and pulls out the cap and horn mouth Plastibell of cultivating and wrapping, management of producing mushroom 18 days, increases the diffused light of 900lx for 10 days and illumination every day 10h at management of producing mushroom front in culturing room;

Cultivation wrap in mushroom producing room carry out management of producing mushroom be divided into promote former base Formation period, mushroom flower bud Formation period, elongating stage and the maturing stage management:

Promote that the mode that former base Formation period adopts ground to add water maintains mushroom producing room humidity 90%; Mushroom flower bud Formation period maintains mushroom producing room gas concentration lwevel 0.5%, and pedestrian's work of going forward side by side dredges flower bud, is cut away by mushroom inferior with cutter, and every bag cultivating bag stays 2 mushroom flower buds; The concentration maintaining mushroom producing room carbonic acid gas elongating stage is 0.6%; The concentration that maturing stage maintains mushroom producing room carbonic acid gas is 0.5%.

Step (7): gather when, spore smooth at cap to the Xingbao mushroom after management of producing mushroom in step (6) not yet launches, to gather in every bag cultivating bag the individual plant Xingbao mushroom of 456g, periodic Control of gathering, at 17 days, is thoroughly cleaned mushroom room in time after gathering, is sterilized, and ventilates and uses after 2 days again; During packaging, reaming basifixed medium by adopting the Xingbao mushroom stainless steel pocket knife got off, being positioned in the freezer of 5 DEG C and lowering the temperature 4 hours, then packing with freshness protection package.

In embodiment 1-3, adopt 8 cubes of pre-wet mixers 2 when the component in Mixed culture material being stirred.

The industrial planting method in the present invention is used to make the Xingbao mushroom steady quality cultivated, product quality is high, not by the impact of natural conditions, this industrial planting method utilizes modernization project technology and sophisticated equipment, artificial setting, the temperature that automatic control Growth of Pleurotus eryngii is grown, humidity, illumination, the environment such as content of nitrogen dioxide, mechanized operation spice, pack, the production processes such as inoculation, make the technological process of production, production technical standard, product quality equalization, Xingbao mushroom produces the anniversary, increase substantially labor productivity, Qualified Products Rate and biological conversion rate, decreasing pollution, reduce costs, the economic benefit of further raising planting almond abalone mushroom.

Outside above-described embodiment, the present invention can also have other embodiments, and all employings are equal to the technical scheme of replacement or equivalent transformation formation, all drop on the protection domain of application claims.

Claims (8)

1. a Pleurotus eryngii industrial cultivation method, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
Step (1): choose Mixed culture material, and the stirring that adds water is prewetted, to control the Mixed culture material water content after prewetting be 64%-66%, PH is 6-7;
Step (2): by the obtained cultivation bag of Mixed culture material packing pack in step (1), wrap punching and insert sticking plaster in cultivation in hole, to be locked the opening of cultivation bag cap beyond the Great Wall with horn mouth Plastibell;
Step (3): vacuum high-pressure sterilization treatment is carried out, through refrigerating work procedure after sterilizing to the cultivation bag in step (2);
Described refrigerating work procedure is specially: first to be moved to by the cultivation bag after sterilizing in first cooling chamber of sterilizing in advance and naturally cool, and after temperature drops to and is no more than 40 DEG C, moves to the second cooling chamber and utilizes refrigeration machine to carry out forced refrigeration, be cooled to be no more than 25 DEG C;
Step (4): adopt air cleaning streamline by cultivation bag cooled in liquid-spawn inoculation to step (3), pull out the sticking plaster inserted in cultivation bag during inoculation;
Step (5): it is 24 DEG C that postvaccinal cultivation bag is delivered to temperature, and relative air humidity is no more than in the culturing room of 70%, cultivates 28-32 days and keeps the dark state of culturing room;
Step (6): it is 14-16 DEG C that the cultivation bag after cultivation in step (5) is moved into temperature, relative air humidity is in the mushroom producing room of 90%-95% and pulls out the cap and horn mouth Plastibell of cultivating and wrapping, management of producing mushroom 17-19 days, increases the diffused light of 500-1000lx in 9-10 days before management of producing mushroom in culturing room;
Step (7): the Xingbao mushroom after management of producing mushroom in step (6) is gathered packaging.
2. Pleurotus eryngii industrial cultivation method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in step (1), Mixed culture material comprises following component before prewetting by mass percentage: weed tree sawdust 15%, corncob 36%, bagasse 15%, wheat bran 20%, corn flour 5%, dregs of beans 5%, calcium carbonate 2%, lime 2%, its stirring operation of prewetting is specially:
Adopt pre-wet mixer to stir Mixed culture material, the time is 5 minutes, and recycling micro computer time controller, magnetic valve and pressure pump interlock, control amount of water as required, then stir at least 15 minutes obtained Mixed culture material.
3. Pleurotus eryngii industrial cultivation method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in step (2), select the Polypropylene Bag of 18cm × 35cm × 0.005cm to carry out packing pack, control the Mixed culture material of the often in-built 1200-1300g of bag Polypropylene Bag, stirring of prewetting in rate-determining steps (1) terminates to be no more than 2 hours to the time of having packed.
4. Pleurotus eryngii industrial cultivation method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in step (3), first 0.055 MPa is evacuated to cultivation bag sterilized environment, sterilized environment is warming up to 100 DEG C and keeps 30 minutes by recycling steam, sterilized environment is warming up to 110 DEG C and keeps 20 minutes by recycling steam, finally utilize steam that sterilized environment is warming up to 125 DEG C and keep carrying out sterilizing after 3 hours, after sterilized environment vacuum being dropped to after sterilizing 0 MPa, taking out cultivation bag.
5. Pleurotus eryngii industrial cultivation method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: cultivation wraps in mushroom producing room and carries out management of producing mushroom and be divided into and promote former base Formation period, mushroom flower bud Formation period, elongating stage and maturing stage management in step (6):
Promote that the mode that former base Formation period adopts ground to add water maintains mushroom producing room humidity at 90%-95%; Mushroom flower bud Formation period maintains mushroom producing room gas concentration lwevel at 0.3-0.5%, and pedestrian's work of going forward side by side dredges flower bud, is cut away by mushroom inferior with cutter, and every bag cultivating bag stays 1-3 mushroom flower bud; The concentration maintaining mushroom producing room carbonic acid gas elongating stage is 0.4-0.6%; The concentration that maturing stage maintains mushroom producing room carbonic acid gas is 0.4-0.6%.
6. Pleurotus eryngii industrial cultivation method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: gather when smooth at Xingbao mushroom cap in step (7), spore not yet launches, gather periodic Control at 17-20 days, in time mushroom room thoroughly cleaned after gathering, sterilize, use again after ventilation 1-2 days; During packaging, reaming basifixed medium by adopting the Xingbao mushroom stainless steel pocket knife got off, being positioned in the freezer of 2-5 DEG C and lowering the temperature 4 hours, then packing with freshness protection package.
7. Pleurotus eryngii industrial cultivation method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in step (6), cultivation wraps in mushroom producing room when carrying out management of producing mushroom increases diffused light, illumination every day 8-10h.
8. Pleurotus eryngii industrial cultivation method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in step (6), cultivation wraps in mushroom producing room when carrying out management of producing mushroom increases diffused light, illumination every day 24h.
CN201410247285.9A 2014-06-06 2014-06-06 A kind of Pleurotus eryngii industrial cultivation method CN103999692B (en)

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