CN103994018A - Wave energy comprehensively harvesting and conversion power generation device - Google Patents

Wave energy comprehensively harvesting and conversion power generation device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103994018A
CN103994018A CN201410258464.2A CN201410258464A CN103994018A CN 103994018 A CN103994018 A CN 103994018A CN 201410258464 A CN201410258464 A CN 201410258464A CN 103994018 A CN103994018 A CN 103994018A
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wave
honeycomb duct
pipe clamp
rib
rigid pipe
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CN201410258464.2A
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CN103994018B (en
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董万章
王桂林
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董万章
王桂林
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/30Energy from the sea, e.g. using wave energy or salinity gradient

Abstract

The invention provides a wave energy comprehensively harvesting and conversion power generation device. Kinetic energy and potential energy of wave energy can be comprehensively utilized to form accelerated speed to sea water in a division pipe and improve power generation efficiency of wave power generation. The power generation device comprises a flexible floating type hollow sea wave division pipe, a wave accepting port is formed in one end of the sea wave division pipe, and a power generating and converting device is arranged at the other end of the sea wave division pipe, namely the tail end. The power generation device further comprises one or more water flow propelling devices enabling the sea water flowing into the sea wave division pipe to flow to the tail end, and floating devices are further arranged on the water flow propelling devices and/or the sea wave division pipe.

Description

Wave energy synthetical collection power generating device by conversion
Technical field
The present invention relates to seawave power generation technical field, particularly relate to Wave energy synthetical collection power generating device by conversion, the multiple kinds of energy producing for gathering wave current fluctuation, is converted to electric energy by wave energy by ocean current, improves the generating efficiency of wave current power generation.
Background technique
The energy that wave ocean current contains mainly refers to kinetic energy and the potential energy that ocean surface wave has.The energy of wave and wave height square, cycle of motion of wave and the width of meeting corrugated be directly proportional.Wave energy is changed by the earth and lunar gravitation and earth windward passes to ocean energy and produces.Rate of energy transfer is how relevant with wind speed, also relevant with the interactional distance of wind and water (Ji Feng district).The wave wave stream of ocean is that regular laminar flow and random turbulence accompany, and beam sea peak and side direction water body agitate mutually, when water body is subjected to displacement at any time with respect to sea level, make wave have potential energy, and the motion of water particle makes wave have kinetic energy.The energy of storage dissipates by friction and turbulence, and the size of its dissipation speed depends on wave characteristics and the depth of water.Wave can be described by features such as wave height, wavelength (distances between two adjacent crests) and periods of wave (times between two adjacent crests).
Now, the situation that facing mankind global energy is in short supply, taps a new source of energy very urgent.Wherein marine energy has a high potential.Wave energy has that energy density is high, the advantage such as wide distributes.It is a kind of inexhaustible renewable and clean energy resource.The relative wind energy of wave energy, energy density is much higher, has highest energy density in the various renewable sources of energy.The key advantages of wave energy is that it exists with the form of energy of this high-quality of vibration mechanical energy, and can under little energy loss, propagate, and its another advantage, be an absorption effect, that is to say that any point that Wave energy converting device can be on wave collects wave energy.Wave-activated power generation is the major way of wave power utilization, and especially in energy consumption larger winter, utilizable wave energy energy is also maximum.Low power wave-energy power generation, in the application that puts it over such as navigation buoy, beacon.There are wide marine resources in China, although the wave energy averag density of China mainland bank is lower, but consider that the wave height of wave and major cycle (being dominant frequency) and this wave form the geographical position in place, wind-force, the factor such as wind direction, morning and evening tides time, sea bed shape, sea water advanced, the sea bed gradient throughout the year, have the wave energy enrichment point that some energy densities are very high, the Huanghai Sea forms the billow band wave energy of moving towards in a northeast to southwest to the South Sea relatively concentrated.Therefore have in marine site, the many islands of China and reach the theoretical typical wave utilizing (in 4~8 seconds cycles, wave is high more than 2 meters), exploitation wave energy will become island, the future thrust of coastal cities power supply and construction scale type sea wave power station.
Since the 1980s, the states such as the U.S. (Hawaii), Britain, Norway, Brazil, Australia, France, Japan are all that wave-energy power generation research drops into a large amount of manpower and materials, make outstanding achievements, they grind at the intensive seashore of its wave energy the experimental power station of building wave energy power generation along the line energetically." limpet (LIMPET) " ocean wave generator of 500 kilowatts that Wavegen company builds, the HosePump elemental floating body of Technocean company of Sweden, the AWEnergyOy's of Finland is swing etc.Wherein Oceana Energy Company of Britain builds up floating type Wave energy electric generator " sea snake (Pelamis) " and has started to carry out commercial power generation test at Orkny, there is the peak efficiency of global floating type sea wave generator system at that time, 40% of the incident wave energy that heads on can be converted to electric energy.The conversion of China sea wave energy Bian collection also makes important progress, and as floating type energy Bian collection, conversion has formed independent knowledge power and solely held technology path.The wave energy collection electricity generating device of at present domestic and international prior art has generally only utilized kinetic energy and the potential energy one wherein of wave energy, and another kind not only runs off, and also becomes negative effect and becomes the power that damages collecting device.This is that wave energy development benefit is not high, the crucial state element that rate of return on investment is undesirable.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides Wave energy synthetical collection power generating device by conversion, adopt flexible wave honeycomb duct and the pipe clamp of rigidity, and water ski device is set on rigid pipe clamp, flexible wave honeycomb duct is imposed to multi-acting force, kinetic energy and the potential energy of comprehensive utilization wave energy, honeycomb duct maritime interior waters is formed to positive acceleration, improve the generating efficiency of wave-activated power generation.
Technological scheme of the present invention is:
Wave energy synthetical collection power generating device by conversion, it is characterized in that, comprise flexible floating type hollow wave honeycomb duct, one end of described wave honeycomb duct is the port of heading sea, the other end is that tail end arranges power generation and conversion device, also comprise along one or more ocean currents that flow in wave honeycomb duct that make of the pipe range direction setting of described wave honeycomb duct and accelerate mobile Water flow propelling device to described tail end, on described Water flow propelling device and/or described wave honeycomb duct, flotation device is also set.
Described Water flow propelling device is pressurization advancing means, and described pressurization advancing means comprises the pipe rib type pipe clamp of rigidity and can make the pipe rib type pipe clamp of rigidity flexible wave honeycomb duct be produced to the water ski device of extruding contractile force; Described rigid pipe clamp is contained on wave honeycomb duct along pipe range direction spacer sleeve; The movable rib that described rigid pipe clamp has fixing rib and arranges separately along pipe range direction with fixing rib, described fixing rib has the movable hinge pin coupling shaft of hinge type, described movable rib is divided into left movable rib and right movable rib, the rib root of two movable ribs is connected on described movable hinge pin coupling shaft, the afterbody of movable rib is made up of the rib tip having along the spacing of pipe range direction, and the gap of the afterbody of two movable ribs adjacent rib tip in the time intersecting forms cross one another chute; A set of water ski device is at least set on described rigid pipe clamp, described water ski device comprises left ripping bar, right ripping bar, buoyant weight floating platform and is arranged on the ripping bar swivel pin on coupling shaft, described left ripping bar and right ripping bar are rigidly connected with the coupling shaft that is connected activity rib by ripping bar swivel pin, buoyant weight floating platform is arranged on ripping bar free end top, described ripping bar is at buoyant weight floating platform under the effect moving up and down with the heave of waves, opening or shrinking of drive activity rib, produces extruding contractile force to flexible wave honeycomb duct; Described flotation device is the floating keg float arranging on described rigid pipe clamp.
Described left ripping bar with described right movable rib for being fixedly connected with or being structure as a whole, and be connected on described coupling shaft by ripping bar swivel pin, described right ripping bar, and is connected on described coupling shaft by ripping bar swivel pin for being fixedly connected with or being structure as a whole with described left movable rib.
Described left ripping bar with described left movable rib for being fixedly connected with or being structure as a whole, and be connected on described coupling shaft by ripping bar swivel pin, described right ripping bar, and is hinged on described coupling shaft by ripping bar swivel pin for being fixedly connected with or being structure as a whole with described right movable rib.
Described rigid pipe clamp is equidistant setting on wave honeycomb duct, and the end of heading sea in rigid pipe clamp is provided with one-way cock.
Described wave honeycomb duct arranges horn-like air guide sleeve at head sea port and afterbody; The rigid pipe clamp of stem is connected at the air guide sleeve of the port of heading sea with wave honeycomb duct, and the rigid pipe clamp of afterbody connects afterbody air guide sleeve, in the rigid pipe clamp of afterbody, is provided with power generation and conversion device; The caliber of the rigid pipe clamp of afterbody from large to small, makes main flow water acceleration shock water turbine.
The buoyant weight floating platform of described water ski device has the cavity of balancing weight and sealing air.
Described Water flow propelling device also comprises impact force advancing means, the board-like water inlet of some anti-stream having on the fixing rib bottom that described impact force advancing means is described rigid pipe clamp and the wave honeycomb duct of sidepiece and corresponding laminating, water inlet place is provided with one-way pressure valve, when under the effect of rigid pipe clamp at wave in the time that one end of the port of heading sea is inclined upwardly, and when wave honeycomb duct maritime interior waters pressure is less than outside wave impact force, the board-like valve open of anti-stream, produces side impacting force to wave honeycomb duct.
Described impact force advancing means also comprises the controllable type side water inlet that described wave honeycomb duct side direction has, described controllable type side water inlet is positioned at the corresponding position of movable rib of rigid pipe clamp, one-way valve is set respectively inside and outside water inlet place, and described outer one-way valve is connected with the movable rib of rigid pipe clamp by reciprocating type connecting rod; In the time that hydroskis device drive activity rib opens, the outer one-way valve opens at side water inlet place, in the time that honeycomb duct pressure outside is greater than honeycomb duct internal pressure, internal check valve is opened, and crest seawater enters wave honeycomb duct to increase the pressure flow velocity in wave honeycomb duct from side water inlet.
Described wave honeycomb duct and/or rigid pipe clamp are along tube wall circumference installation activity retaining board, i.e. edge water inlet direction is at tube wall at right angle setting, buttress portion is moveable hinge, plate hight be honeycomb duct half warp 1/2nd to 1/4th between, retaining board is along direction downstream from vertical 90 degree to movable between 180 degree; When water inlet retaining board movable to approaching between 180 degree from 90 degree, in the time flowing against the current, retaining board, from 180 degree to movable between 90 degree, produces opposition while being intended in pipe against the current.
The ripping bar swivel pin arranging on described rigid pipe clamp is positioned at the top of rigid pipe clamp; When rigid pipe clamp is during in crest, described ripping bar moves downward under the Action of Gravity Field of buoyant weight floating platform, drives the movable rib of rigid pipe clamp to open, when rigid pipe clamp is during in trough, described ripping bar moves upward under the floating function of buoyant weight floating platform, drives the movable rib of rigid pipe clamp to shrink.
The ripping bar swivel pin arranging on described rigid pipe clamp is positioned at the below of rigid pipe clamp; When rigid pipe clamp is during in trough, described ripping bar moves upward under the floating function of buoyant weight floating platform, drives the movable rib of rigid pipe clamp to open, when rigid pipe clamp is during in crest, described ripping bar moves downward under the Action of Gravity Field of buoyant weight floating platform, drives the movable rib of rigid pipe clamp to shrink.
Described rigid pipe clamp both sides are provided with floating keg float, respectively in the symmetrical fixing rib that hangs over rigid pipe clamp.
The wave honeycomb duct of described flexibility adopts elastic material to make, and is woven with steel strand, and described rigid pipe clamp adopts metallic material or engineering plastics to make.
Technique effect of the present invention:
Wave energy synthetical collection power generating device by conversion provided by the invention, adopt flexible wave honeycomb duct and spacer sleeve to be contained in the rigid pipe clamp on wave honeycomb duct, and water ski device is set on rigid pipe clamp, can impose multi-acting force to flexible wave honeycomb duct, kinetic energy and the potential energy of comprehensive utilization wave energy, honeycomb duct maritime interior waters is formed to positive acceleration, improve the generating efficiency of wave-activated power generation.
Concrete, device of the present invention:
1) adopt flexible wave honeycomb duct, be mainly used in gathering forward laminar flow wave ocean current impact force, adopt anchor hawser to fix body, one end is towards the direction of wave, sea beat enters wave honeycomb duct flared horn, and move to pipe tail direction, sea beat is patted to squeeze and is rubbed body, the oscillating force effect that makes body be subject to wave produces agitates wave current, in addition cause vibration with wave dipping and heaving, in pipe, produce positive pressure, the outer lateral pressure that produced of pipe, the horizontal thrust of wave and oscillating force are passed to pipe tail by the harmomegathus power of flexible pipe by tube head, by the mechanical transmission of turbo machine, repeatedly move and make turbodynamo continue generating with wave, the flexible good flexible cavity of honeycomb duct, enlarged diameter in the time of trough, in the time of crest, diameter diminishes, and due to the External Force Acting adjust flux of wave, makes power generation and conversion device be tending towards continuous state.
2) on flexible wave honeycomb duct, spacer sleeve is equipped with the pipe rib type pipe clamp of rigidity, pipe rib type pipe clamp have fixing rib and with fixing rib movable rib separately, water ski device is set on rigid pipe clamp, is mainly used in gathering the fluctuating active force of side direction turbulent flow irregular seaway water body.The effect of rigid pipe clamp of the present invention is, it is the platform of the floating keg float of attached extension, also be the platform of fixing water ski device, water ski device utilizes lever principle, flexible seawater collecting pipe is applied to Mechanical Contraction and expansionary force, rigid pipe clamp is as the fulcrum of the ripping bar of water ski device, the ripping bar of water ski device by counterweight floating platform with the fluctuating of wave one on the other, energy gather the wave paddy variation of unrestrained peak during in honeycomb duct both sides, drive one one, the movable rib of pipe rib type pipe clamp to close, wave honeycomb duct is produced to extruding contractile force, strengthen the mechanically operated energy of wave honeycomb duct, floating keg float is on the one hand for supporting wave honeycomb duct, on the other hand also can water filling in the time resisting typhoon, gas injection, be replaced into counterweight keg float.
3) rigid pipe clamp water inlet stem arranges one-way cock, wave is carried out to rectification, in the time of unrestrained peak water impact rigid pipe clamp, valve open, wave peak seawater enters wave honeycomb duct at high water level, and in the time that wave low ebb water enters rigid pipe clamp, valve is in low water level closure, utilize the poor Action of Gravity Field of current between high-low water level, also increased the mechanically operated energy of wave honeycomb duct main flow water; Rigid pipe clamp fixing rib bottom and sidepiece also have the board-like water inlet of some anti-streams, water inlet place is provided with one-way valve, in the time being inclined upwardly under the effect of rigid pipe clamp at wave, and when wave honeycomb duct maritime interior waters pressure is less than outside wave impact force, the board-like valve open of anti-stream, wave honeycomb duct is produced to side impacting force, so repeatedly, also increased the mechanically operated energy of wave honeycomb duct.
4) wave honeycomb duct also has controllable type side water inlet, and side water inlet is positioned at the corresponding position of movable rib of rigid pipe clamp, and one-way valve is set respectively inside and outside water inlet place, and outer one-way valve is connected with the movable rib of rigid pipe clamp by reciprocating type connecting rod; Under the External Force Acting of seawater surge formula, utilize ripping bar to move up and down, flexible wave honeycomb duct is produced and clamps and put easypro, cramping causes vibration water jet impulse water turbine, putting the drive activity rib that relaxes opens, in the time that hydroskis device drive activity rib opens, the outer one-way valve opens at side water inlet place, in the time that honeycomb duct pressure outside is greater than honeycomb duct internal pressure, internal check valve is opened, and surge current enter wave honeycomb duct from side direction, collects with main flow water in pipe, promote the accelerated motion of honeycomb duct maritime interior waters, realize acting generating.
5) wave honeycomb duct arranges horn-like air guide sleeve at the port of heading sea and is connected with the rigid pipe clamp of stem, can be at the more effective hydrodynamic head that collects of wave; Afterbody also arranges horn-like air guide sleeve, air guide sleeve is connected with the rigid pipe clamp of afterbody, and the caliber of the rigid pipe clamp of afterbody from large to small, make main flow water acceleration shock turbo machine, the horn-like air guide sleeve of afterbody, in the more effective quickening draining of energy later of main flow water pressure, makes the energy of the more effective collection conversion of wave honeycomb duct wave ocean current; Head sea port and the afterbody of wave honeycomb duct also arrange guiding wing plate, and head is met in front, plays the effect that prevents that honeycomb duct from turning to.
6) wave honeycomb duct and/or rigid pipe clamp are along tube wall circumference installation activity retaining board, i.e. edge water inlet direction is at tube wall at right angle setting, and buttress portion is moveable hinge, and plate edge downstream direction is spent to movable between 180 degree from vertical 90; In the time of water inlet, retaining board is movable to approaching between 180 degree from 90 degree, and in the time flowing against the current, retaining board is from 180 degree to movable between 90 degree.At this moment play non-return and reverse baffling perpendicular to the retaining board of tube wall, strengthen current direction pipe tail forward thrust, prevent that pipe maritime interior waters from refluxing.
Therefore device of the present invention can fully utilize wave energy by ocean current, advance rich these five kinds of active force actings in conjunction of shrinkage expansion mechanical force of hitting power, inner chamber oscillating force and outside hydroskis effect in wave honeycomb duct the axial impact force of wave, fluctuating vertical force, side direction, hydraulic head pressure in chamber is strengthened, improve generating effect, overcome both at home and abroad the single unidirectional collection single energy of wave power generation device from sea current for a long time, the defect that impact generating effect improves.
Wave energy synthetical collection power generating device by conversion of the present invention is a kind of new and effective wave-energy power generation equipment, with the floating sea that is arranged in of mode of mooring, deployment site is flexible, construction cost is low, set in a row or arranged in matrix, make it series connection in parallel, be widely used in ocean energy generating, explore exploitation maritime wave energy generating ship, power station, promote the well-being of mankind.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the composition structural representation of apparatus of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the view of apparatus of the present invention in wave.
Fig. 3 is the power generation and conversion device structural representation in afterbody rigid pipe clamp of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is one of side view of apparatus of the present invention.
Fig. 5 be apparatus of the present invention side view two.
Fig. 6 is the rigid pipe clamp structural representation of pipe rib type of the present invention.
Fig. 7 a is one of rigid pipe clamp of the present invention schematic diagram of being subject to the effect of hydroskis device.
Fig. 7 b is two of the rigid pipe clamp of the present invention schematic diagram that is subject to the effect of hydroskis device.
Fig. 7 c is three of the rigid pipe clamp of the present invention schematic diagram that is subject to the effect of hydroskis device.
Fig. 7 d is four of the rigid pipe clamp of the present invention schematic diagram that is subject to the effect of hydroskis device.
Reference character lists as follows: 1-wave honeycomb duct, 2-rigid pipe clamp, 3-ripping bar, 4-buoyant weight floating platform, 5-ripping bar swivel pin, the movable rib chute of 6-, 7-fixing rib, the movable rib of 8-, 9-coupling shaft, 10-air guide sleeve, the floating keg float of 11-, 12-one-way cock, the board-like water inlet of the anti-stream of 13-, one-way valve outside 14-controllable type side water inlet, 15-power generation and conversion device, 16-turbofan, 17-generator set, 18-stationary axle, 19-wave district, 20-anchor hawser, 21-anchoring part, 22-reciprocating type connecting rod, 23-retaining board ring support, 24-retaining board, the 25-wing plate that leads.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, embodiments of the invention are described in further detail.
As shown in Figure 1, 2, the composition structural representation of apparatus of the present invention.Wave energy synthetical collection power generating device by conversion, comprises the pipe rib type pipe clamp 2 of flexible wave honeycomb duct 1, rigidity and can make the pipe rib type pipe clamp of rigidity flexible wave honeycomb duct be produced to the water ski device of extruding contractile force; Rigid pipe clamp 2 spacer sleeves are contained on wave honeycomb duct 1, rigid pipe clamp 2 both sides are provided with floating keg float 11, symmetrical hanging on rigid pipe clamp respectively, for supporting floating type wave honeycomb duct, make wave honeycomb duct partly (for example more than 1/2 honeycomb duct) be sunken to below sea; The mountion plate of rigid pipe clamp 2 or hydroskis device, a set of hydroskis device is at least set on each rigid pipe clamp 2, hydroskis device comprises ripping bar 3 and buoyant weight floating platform 4 and is arranged on the ripping bar swivel pin 5 on rigid pipe clamp 2, ripping bar 3 comprises left ripping bar, right ripping bar, left ripping bar and right ripping bar are rigidly connected by ripping bar swivel pin 5, as ripping bar active force fulcrum; The buoyant weight floating platform 4 of water ski device has the cavity of balancing weight and sealing air, and buoyant weight floating platform 4 is arranged on ripping bar 3 tops, and buoyant weight floating platform 4 can move up and down under the effect of wave, and ripping bar 3 is imposed to active force; Wave honeycomb duct 2 also arranges horn-like air guide sleeve 10 and guiding wing plate 25 at head sea port and afterbody; The rigid pipe clamp of stem is connected at the air guide sleeve 10 of the port of heading sea with wave honeycomb duct, and the rigid pipe clamp of afterbody connects the air guide sleeve 10 of afterbody, is provided with power generation and conversion device 15 in the rigid pipe clamp of afterbody; All the other rigid pipe clamps that are positioned at intermediate portion are standard rigid pipe clamp.
As shown in Figure 3, be the power generation and conversion device structural representation in afterbody rigid pipe clamp of the present invention.The caliber of the rigid pipe clamp of afterbody from large to small, makes main flow water acceleration shock turbo machine, and power generation and conversion device comprises turbofan 16, the stationary axle 18 of generator set 17 and stationary power generation unit.The rigid pipe clamp of afterbody air guide sleeve and afterbody reducing plays to seawater the water supercharging acceleration effect of receiving.
Fig. 4, Fig. 5 are the side views of apparatus of the present invention.The wave honeycomb duct of flexibility of the present invention adopts elastic material to make, and be woven with steel strand, flexible wave honeycomb duct 1 swims in wave district 19, adopt anchor hawser 20 and anchoring part 21 fixing, one end is towards the direction of wave, the promotion of wave ocean current enters in flexible wave honeycomb duct seawater, sea beat body, make body be subject to the oscillating force effect of wave, bounce and cause vibration to seawater with wave dipping and heaving and outer side, pressure and lateral stress are just produced, the horizontal thrust of wave, lateral force and oscillating force are passed to pipe tail by the harmomegathus of flexible pipe by tube head, generate electricity by the electricity generating device 15 that is arranged on pipe tail, be sleeved on the one-way cock 12 of the end setting of heading sea of the rigid pipe clamp 2 of wave honeycomb duct 1, wave is carried out to rectification, in the time of unrestrained peak water impact rigid pipe clamp, valve 12 is opened, wave peak seawater enters wave honeycomb duct at high water level, in the time that wave low ebb water enters rigid pipe clamp, valve 12 is in low water level closure, rigid pipe clamp fixing rib bottom and sidepiece also have the board-like water inlet 13 of some anti-stream, water inlet place is provided with one-way valve, in the time being inclined upwardly under the effect of rigid pipe clamp at wave, and when wave honeycomb duct maritime interior waters pressure is less than outside wave impact force, the board-like valve open of anti-stream, produces side impacting force to wave honeycomb duct.Be sleeved on the equidistant setting of rigid pipe clamp on wave honeycomb duct, the length of rigid pipe clamp is generally 0.5 to 2 times of wave crest one halfwidth, and diameter is high 1 to 2 times of wave wave; The total length of described wave honeycomb duct at least comprises the unrestrained peak width of conventional 2 waves.The length of the ripping bar of water ski device is 3~6 times of rigid pipe clamp diameter.In the present embodiment, the length of rigid pipe clamp is 5~10 meters, 1~5 meter of diameter, and the total length of wave honeycomb duct is determined according to seawater hydrologic regime, is generally 25~100 meters; The length of the ripping bar of water ski device is 5~15 meters.
As shown in Figure 6, be standard rigid pipe clamp structural representation of the present invention.Rigid pipe clamp 2 adopts metallic material or high performance engineering plastics to make, rigid pipe clamp 2 have fixing rib 7 and with fixing rib movable rib 8 separately, fixing rib 7 has the movable hinge pin coupling shaft 9 of hinge type, movable rib 8 is divided into left movable rib and right movable rib, the rib root of two movable ribs is connected on described movable hinge pin coupling shaft 9, movable rib 8 can be opened or shrink, the afterbody of movable rib 8 is made up of the rib tip having along the spacing of pipe range direction, the gap of the afterbody of two movable ribs adjacent rib tip in the time intersecting forms cross one another chute 6, ripping bar swivel pin 5 is arranged on coupling shaft 9, standard rigid pipe clamp fixing rib 7 bottoms and the sidepiece at middle part have the board-like water inlet 13 of some anti-stream, water inlet place is provided with one-way valve.The floating keg float 11 that rigid pipe clamp both sides arrange, respectively in the symmetrical fixing rib that hangs over rigid pipe clamp.
As shown in Fig. 7 a, 7b, 7c, 7d, it is the cross sectional representation that rigid pipe clamp of the present invention is subject to the effect of water ski device.In figure left ripping bar with right movable rib for being fixedly connected with or being structure as a whole, and be connected to by ripping bar swivel pin 5 on the coupling shaft of rigid pipe clamp, right ripping bar, and is connected to by ripping bar swivel pin 5 on the coupling shaft of rigid pipe clamp for being fixedly connected with or being structure as a whole with left movable rib; Or left ripping bar with left movable rib for being fixedly connected with or being structure as a whole, and be connected to by ripping bar swivel pin 5 on the coupling shaft of rigid pipe clamp, right ripping bar, and is hinged on by ripping bar swivel pin 5 on the coupling shaft of rigid pipe clamp for being fixedly connected with or being structure as a whole with right movable rib.Ripping bar swivel pin 5 is as ripping bar active force fulcrum, and under the fluctuating effect of wave, ripping bar 3 moves up and down by buoyant weight floating platform 4, and by the opening or shrink of ripping bar swivel pin 5 drive activity ribs 8, the afterbody of movable rib 8 is cross one another slip on chute 6.What Fig. 7 a, 7b represented is that paddy bundle mode is opened at movable rib peak, ripping bar swivel pin 5 is positioned at the top of rigid pipe clamp, as shown in Figure 7a, and when rigid pipe clamp 2 is during in crest, ripping bar 3 moves downward under the Action of Gravity Field of buoyant weight floating platform 4, drives the movable rib 8 of rigid pipe clamp to open; As shown in Figure 7b, when rigid pipe clamp is during in trough, ripping bar moves upward under the floating function of buoyant weight floating platform, drives the movable rib 8 of rigid pipe clamp to shrink; What Fig. 7 c, 7d represented is that movable rib paddy opens peak bundle mode, and ripping bar swivel pin 5 is positioned at the below of rigid pipe clamp, and as shown in Figure 7 c, when rigid pipe clamp is during in trough, ripping bar moves upward under the floating function of buoyant weight floating platform, drives the movable rib of rigid pipe clamp to open; As shown in Fig. 7 d, when rigid pipe clamp is during in crest, ripping bar moves downward under the Action of Gravity Field of buoyant weight floating platform, drives the movable rib of rigid pipe clamp to shrink.The fluctuating of wave and rigid pipe clamp relax and put contraction movement, the ripping bar of pipe clamp both sides is subject to the effect of end buoyant weight floating platform, move up and down with Wave crest and wave trough, produce upper and lower active force, forming rhythmical contraction unfolds, two kinds of external force cause the vibration of pipe maritime interior waters, and flexible wave honeycomb duct is produced to extruding contractile force.In addition, wave honeycomb duct also has controllable type side water inlet, controllable type side water inlet is positioned at the corresponding position of movable rib of rigid pipe clamp, side water inlet arranges respectively one-way valve inside and outside place, outer one-way valve 14 is connected with the movable rib 8 of rigid pipe clamp by reciprocating type connecting rod 22, as Fig. 7 a, shown in 7c, utilize ripping bar to transport up and down merit, in the time that ripping bar drive activity rib opens, after main flow water pressure reduces, reciprocating type connecting rod 22 is in the time that movable rib 8 opens, the outer one-way valve 14 of side direction is opened, in the time that honeycomb duct pressure outside is greater than honeycomb duct internal pressure, internal check valve is opened, crest seawater enters wave honeycomb duct from side direction, increase the pressure flow velocity in wave honeycomb duct, from side direction pressurised seawater collecting pipe, impulse water turbine, shown in Fig. 7 b, 7d, be the movable rib 8 of rigid pipe clamp while shrinking, the state of lateral one-way valve 14 closures.In addition, wave honeycomb duct and/or rigid pipe clamp, along tube wall circumference installation activity retaining board 24, are vertically mounted on retaining board ring support 23 at tube wall along water inlet direction, and buttress portion is moveable hinge, and plate edge downstream direction is spent to movable between 180 degree from vertical 90; In the time of water inlet, retaining board 24 is movable to approaching between 180 degree from 90 degree, as Fig. 7 c, is that retaining board 24 is the state of 180 degree; From 180 degree to movable between 90 degree, as Fig. 7 a, be that retaining board 24 is the state of 90 degree when there being retaining board while flowing against the current, at this moment play non-return and reverse baffling perpendicular to the retaining board of tube wall, strengthen current direction pipe tail thrust, prevent that pipe maritime interior waters from refluxing.
Therefore device of the present invention can fully utilize wave, ocean current, absorb ocean current horizontal thrust, by the shrinkage expansion mechanical force acting in conjunction of axial force and vertical force, lateral force, inner chamber oscillating force and outside hydroskis effect, hydraulic head pressure in chamber is strengthened greatly, promote hydraulic turbine generator.Wave honeycomb duct end to end two ends is provided with anchor hawser and fixes, and sets in a row or arranged in matrix, makes it parallel connection and is connected into power generating plant on sea.For resisting typhoon, the floating keg float of the present embodiment also can water filling, gas injection, is replaced into counterweight keg float.It should be pointed out that the above embodiment can make the present invention of those skilled in the art's comprehend, but do not limit the present invention in any way.Therefore, although this specification and embodiment have been described in detail to the present invention,, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that still and can modify or be equal to replacement the present invention; And all do not depart from technological scheme and the improvement thereof of the spirit and scope of the present invention, it is all encompassed in the middle of the protection domain of patent of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. Wave energy synthetical collection power generating device by conversion, it is characterized in that, comprise flexible floating type hollow wave honeycomb duct, one end of described wave honeycomb duct is the port of heading sea, the other end is that tail end arranges power generation and conversion device, also comprise along one or more ocean currents that flow in wave honeycomb duct that make of the pipe range direction setting of described wave honeycomb duct and accelerate mobile Water flow propelling device to described tail end, on described Water flow propelling device and/or described wave honeycomb duct, flotation device is also set.
2. Wave energy synthetical collection power generating device by conversion according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described Water flow propelling device is pressurization advancing means, and described pressurization advancing means comprises the pipe rib type pipe clamp of rigidity and can make the pipe rib type pipe clamp of rigidity flexible wave honeycomb duct be produced to the water ski device of extruding contractile force; Described rigid pipe clamp is contained on wave honeycomb duct along pipe range direction spacer sleeve; The movable rib that described rigid pipe clamp has fixing rib and arranges separately along pipe range direction with fixing rib, described fixing rib has the movable hinge pin coupling shaft of hinge type, described movable rib is divided into left movable rib and right movable rib, the rib root of two movable ribs is connected on described movable hinge pin coupling shaft, the afterbody of movable rib is made up of the rib tip having along the spacing of pipe range direction, and the gap of the afterbody of two movable ribs adjacent rib tip in the time intersecting forms cross one another chute; A set of water ski device is at least set on described rigid pipe clamp, described water ski device comprises left ripping bar, right ripping bar, buoyant weight floating platform and is arranged on the ripping bar swivel pin on coupling shaft, described left ripping bar and right ripping bar are rigidly connected with the coupling shaft that is connected activity rib by ripping bar swivel pin, buoyant weight floating platform is arranged on ripping bar free end top, described ripping bar is at buoyant weight floating platform under the effect moving up and down with the heave of waves, opening or shrinking of drive activity rib, produces extruding contractile force to flexible wave honeycomb duct; Described flotation device is the floating keg float arranging on described rigid pipe clamp.
3. Wave energy synthetical collection power generating device by conversion according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described left ripping bar with described right movable rib for being fixedly connected with or being structure as a whole, and be connected on described coupling shaft by ripping bar swivel pin, described right ripping bar, and is connected on described coupling shaft by ripping bar swivel pin for being fixedly connected with or being structure as a whole with described left movable rib.
4. Wave energy synthetical collection power generating device by conversion according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described left ripping bar with described left movable rib for being fixedly connected with or being structure as a whole, and be connected on described coupling shaft by ripping bar swivel pin, described right ripping bar, and is hinged on described coupling shaft by ripping bar swivel pin for being fixedly connected with or being structure as a whole with described right movable rib.
5. according to the Wave energy synthetical collection power generating device by conversion described in claim 3 or 4, it is characterized in that, described rigid pipe clamp is equidistant setting on wave honeycomb duct, and the end of heading sea in rigid pipe clamp is provided with one-way cock.
6. Wave energy synthetical collection power generating device by conversion according to claim 5, is characterized in that, described wave honeycomb duct arranges horn-like air guide sleeve at head sea port and afterbody; The rigid pipe clamp of stem is connected at the air guide sleeve of the port of heading sea with wave honeycomb duct, and the rigid pipe clamp of afterbody connects afterbody air guide sleeve, in the rigid pipe clamp of afterbody, is provided with power generation and conversion device; The caliber of the rigid pipe clamp of afterbody from large to small, makes main flow water acceleration shock water turbine.
7. Wave energy synthetical collection power generating device by conversion according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the buoyant weight floating platform of described water ski device has the cavity of balancing weight and sealing air.
8. Wave energy synthetical collection power generating device by conversion according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described Water flow propelling device also comprises impact force advancing means, the board-like water inlet of some anti-stream having on the fixing rib bottom that described impact force advancing means is described rigid pipe clamp and the wave honeycomb duct of sidepiece and corresponding laminating, water inlet place is provided with one-way pressure valve, when under the effect of rigid pipe clamp at wave in the time that one end of the port of heading sea is inclined upwardly, and when wave honeycomb duct maritime interior waters pressure is less than outside wave impact force, the board-like valve open of anti-stream, wave honeycomb duct is produced to side impacting force.
9. according to the Wave energy synthetical collection power generating device by conversion described in claim 2 or 8, it is characterized in that, described impact force advancing means also comprises the controllable type side water inlet that described wave honeycomb duct side direction has, described controllable type side water inlet is positioned at the corresponding position of movable rib of rigid pipe clamp, one-way valve is set respectively inside and outside water inlet place, and described outer one-way valve is connected with the movable rib of rigid pipe clamp by reciprocating type connecting rod; In the time that hydroskis device drive activity rib opens, the outer one-way valve opens at side water inlet place, in the time that honeycomb duct pressure outside is greater than honeycomb duct internal pressure, internal check valve is opened, and crest seawater enters wave honeycomb duct to increase the pressure flow velocity in wave honeycomb duct from side water inlet.
10. Wave energy synthetical collection power generating device by conversion according to claim 9, it is characterized in that, described wave honeycomb duct and/or rigid pipe clamp are along tube wall circumference installation activity retaining board, i.e. edge water inlet direction is at tube wall at right angle setting, buttress portion is moveable hinge, plate hight be honeycomb duct half warp 1/2nd to 1/4th between, retaining board is along direction downstream from vertical 90 degree to movable between 180 degree; When water inlet retaining board movable to approaching between 180 degree from 90 degree, in the time flowing against the current, retaining board, from 180 degree to movable between 90 degree, produces opposition while being intended in pipe against the current.
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CN105240203A (en) * 2015-11-09 2016-01-13 天津大学 Raft wave energy generating set with flexible structure
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GB2554407A (en) * 2016-09-26 2018-04-04 Fortitudo Maris Ltd Wave energy capture system
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CN111472917A (en) * 2020-04-03 2020-07-31 浙江海洋大学 Water-intake type wave energy power generation device

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