CN103993680B - A kind of System of Housings with Light Steel Structure masonry wall structure and construction method - Google Patents

A kind of System of Housings with Light Steel Structure masonry wall structure and construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103993680B
CN103993680B CN201410232333.7A CN201410232333A CN103993680B CN 103993680 B CN103993680 B CN 103993680B CN 201410232333 A CN201410232333 A CN 201410232333A CN 103993680 B CN103993680 B CN 103993680B
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China
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thermal insulation
steel
insulation mortar
cement plate
housings
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CN201410232333.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103993680A (en
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马保国
韩磊
李海南
黄健
吕正航
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Wuhan University of Technology WUT
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Wuhan University of Technology WUT
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Abstract

The invention discloses the energy-efficient masonry wall structure of a kind of System of Housings with Light Steel Structure and construction method thereof. Its body of wall is heat reflection waterproof coating, grid cloth, thermal insulation mortar, steel wire, waterproof ventilated membrane, cement plate, lightweight steel construction skeleton from outside to inside successively, be filled in the rock wool of lightweight steel construction skeleton inside; Described cement plate, steel wire all adopt rivet and the anchoring of lightweight steel construction skeleton; Thermal insulation mortar is applied on steel wire; Grid cloth sticks on thermal insulation mortar surface; Heat reflection waterproof coating is painted on grid cloth surface; The thickness of thermal insulation mortar is at 18-25mm, and the thickness of cement plate is at 10-15mm. Steel wire is riveted on lightweight steel construction skeleton steel plate body of wall, is used for supporting thermal insulation mortar, makes mortar bonding more firm, strengthens barrier propterty. Cement plate mainly plays protective action, its directly by screw rivet clasp on steel construction wall. Thermal insulation mortar surface attachment has grid cloth, plays the effect that strengthens cracking resistance.

Description

A kind of System of Housings with Light Steel Structure masonry wall structure and construction method
Technical field
The invention belongs to building material field, be specifically related to the energy-efficient masonry wall structure of a kind of System of Housings with Light Steel Structure andConstruction method.
Background technology
Steel construction is applicable to batch production and produces, can be by the design of steel house, production, construction, installation by BIM platformRealize integrated, become " built on-site " be " factory's manufactures ", raising house industrialization and commercialization level, therefore, steel tieStructure house is the version that one meets " green building " concept most. Meanwhile, mix and reinforced concrete structure with traditional brickHouse is compared, and steel house is environment-friendly type house, have estimate one's own ability light, intensity is high, anti-seismic performance good, foundation cost is low, itsConstruction and installation are convenient, shorten construction period, and can realize field operation, reduce environmental pollution, and material can also be recycled,Therefore be worldwide able to promotion and application. Structural steelwork has also obtained good development in China, in recent years along with steelThe continuous increase of output, construction(al)steel kind and production capacity are constantly promoted, and the main matter basis of Zhe Shi China steel construction, pushes awayEnter steel house development and meet energy-saving and environmental protection and the strategy of sustainable development, China is about the policies and regulations of steel house aspectAnd the development of formulating successively and be embodied as steel house of technical specification created good soft environment, build successively in recent yearsSteel construction demonstration project is laid a good foundation for it further develops.
Compared with European and American developed countries, also there is certain gap in steel construction application aspect in us, and many problems have not also obtainedKind. China's light-weight structure residence development is started late, and engineering application is less, therefore, lacks light-weight structure residence targetedlyCodes and standards. Lightweight steel construction body is from heavy and light, and cavity is many, and when occupant is placed in the middle, noise is larger, and a large amount of steel and sheet material are multipleThe structure closing, the building system thermal inertia making is poor; The distinct issues of dwelling house system are exterior wall enclosure structural system, existingThere are materials for wall performance and installation method to be difficult to meet steel house wanting at aspects such as insulation, ventilation, fire prevention and durabilitiesAsk.
China Patent No. 200910302847.4, name is called a kind of body of wall and construction method thereof of lightweight steel construction, discloses a kind of wallBody structure, skeleton is to cross screw by the cleat stanchion shape vertically distributing and both sides non-dismantling formwork Netcom to be formed by connecting, at lightweight steel construction skeletonMiddle fill concrete LIFT, the outside brushing cement sand bed of non-dismantling formwork net, this structural thermal insulation soundproof effect is good, and deficiency isWater resistance has much room for improvement, and when concreting, construction is comparatively complicated.
China Patent No. 201120029460.9, name is called a kind of steel construction wall, discloses a kind of composite steel structure body of wall, itBe spliced into by some Rigid foam polyurethanes, composite plate two sides is noninflammability panel, and centre is polyurethane, multiple at two blocks of polyurethaneIn plywood groove, insert square bar, filled polyurethane in square light steel, its advantage is lightweight, good heat insulating, shortcoming is body of wallStructural strength is not high, water proofing property is poor.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to provide the System of Housings with Light Steel Structure that a kind of insulation, ventilation, fire prevention and durability are good energy-efficientMasonry wall structure and construction method.
A kind of System of Housings with Light Steel Structure masonry wall structure, its body of wall be successively from outside to inside heat reflection waterproof coating, grid cloth,Thermal insulation mortar, steel wire, waterproof ventilated membrane, cement plate, lightweight steel construction skeleton, be filled in the rock wool of lightweight steel construction skeleton inside;
Described cement plate, steel wire all adopt rivet and the anchoring of lightweight steel construction skeleton; Thermal insulation mortar is applied on steel wire; GridCloth sticks on thermal insulation mortar surface; Heat reflection waterproof coating is painted on grid cloth surface;
Wherein, the thickness of thermal insulation mortar is at 18-25mm, and the thickness of cement plate is at 10-15mm.
Press such scheme, described heat reflection waterproof coating is light water-repellent paint, is inside mixed with cenosphere, and coating layer thickness exists1-2mm。
Press such scheme, described thermal insulation mortar is glass bead fireproof heat insulating mortar.
Press such scheme, to be that polypropylene, polyethylene are synthetic process described waterproof ventilated membrane.
Press such scheme, described cement plate be cement as binding agent, fiber is as the fibre cement reinforcement plate of reinforcing material.
Press such scheme, between described lightweight steel construction skeleton two floors, have partition, and in skeleton, have U-shaped groove, for filling rock wool.
The construction method of above-mentioned System of Housings with Light Steel Structure masonry wall structure, comprises the following steps:
The inner filling of lightweight steel construction skeleton rock wool;
The outer facade of waterproof ventilated membrane parcel cement plate, is then anchored at rivet the cement plate wrapping on lightweight steel construction skeleton;
Steel wire is penetrated to cement plate with rivet to be fixed on lightweight steel construction skeleton;
Thermal insulation mortar is spread upon to heavy weight steel wire online;
Grid cloth is sticked on to thermal insulation mortar surface;
Heat reflection waterproof coating is painted on grid cloth surface.
Detailed description of the invention
Following examples further illustrate technical scheme of the present invention, but not as the restriction to protection domain.
System of Housings with Light Steel Structure masonry wall structure of the present invention, its body of wall is heat reflection waterproof coating, grid from outside to inside successivelyCloth, thermal insulation mortar, steel wire, waterproof ventilated membrane, cement plate, lightweight steel construction skeleton, be filled in lightweight steel construction skeleton insideRock wool;
Described cement plate, steel wire all adopt rivet and the anchoring of lightweight steel construction skeleton; Thermal insulation mortar is applied on steel wire; GridCloth sticks on thermal insulation mortar surface; Heat reflection waterproof coating is painted on grid cloth surface; The thickness of thermal insulation mortar is at 18-25mm,The thickness of cement plate is at 10-15mm.
Importantly, between lightweight steel construction skeleton two floors, there is partition, and in skeleton, have U-shaped groove, for filling rock wool. Rock wool isAdopting basalt, dolomite etc. is the manmade inorganic fibre of main raw material(s), has extremely strong insulated fire performance. Its heat conduction systemNumber is generally less than 0.04w/ (mK); A large amount of elongated fibers has formed porous syndeton, has determined that rock wool is a kind of outstandingAbsorbing sound and lowering noise material; Hydrophobic rate can reach 99.9%, and water absorption rate is extremely low, can moisture resistant; Chemical property is steady, and pH value is 7~8,Be neutrality or alkalescent, corrosion-free to steel construction wall, do not contain asbestos, CFC, HFC, HCFC etc. are environmentally harmfulMaterial, can not be corroded or produce and go mouldy and bacterium.
Heat reflection waterproof coating is light water-repellent paint, is inside mixed with cenosphere, and thickness is at 1-2mm. Main performance index: attachedPut forth effort to reach 1 grade, impact strength >=50cm, sunshine reflectivity can reach 83%.
Thermal insulation mortar is glass bead fireproof heat insulating mortar, thermal insulation mortar compression strength >=0.20MPa, thermal conductivity factor≤0.085W/mk, adhesion strength >=50kPa, combustibility rank reaches A level, and the structure of porous makes it have good soundproof effect.
Wherein, to be that polypropylene, polyethylene are synthetic process waterproof ventilated membrane, also can be for breathing paper. Be characterized in water vapourCan pass through freely micropore, and aqueous water and water droplet are because its surface tension effects can not be passed through, and can well play water proofMoistureproof effect can ensure again the gas permeability of body of wall, its size in 100 DEG C, the test of 8h without significant change, at 0.2MPa30min under hydraulic pressure, without obvious phenomenon of osmosis. The selected insulating mold coating 30min under 0.3MPa hydraulic pressure of outermost layer is not saturatingWater.
Cement plate adopts fibre reinforced cement reinforcement plate, and plate structure densification also has good permeability resistance.
The construction method of System of Housings with Light Steel Structure masonry wall structure of the present invention, comprises the following steps:
The inner filling of lightweight steel construction skeleton rock wool;
The outer facade of waterproof ventilated membrane parcel cement plate, is then anchored at rivet the cement plate wrapping on lightweight steel construction skeleton;
Steel wire is penetrated to cement plate with rivet to be fixed on lightweight steel construction skeleton;
Thermal insulation mortar is spread upon to heavy weight steel wire online;
Grid cloth is sticked on to thermal insulation mortar surface;
Heat reflection waterproof coating is painted on grid cloth surface.
Steel wire is riveted on lightweight steel construction skeleton steel plate body of wall, is used for supporting thermal insulation mortar, makes mortar bonding more firm, strengthensBarrier propterty. Cement plate mainly plays protective action, its directly by screw rivet clasp on steel construction wall. Thermal insulation mortar surface attachmentThere is grid cloth, play the effect that strengthens cracking resistance.

Claims (6)

1. a System of Housings with Light Steel Structure masonry wall structure, its body of wall is heat reflection waterproof coating, grid cloth, thermal insulation mortar, steel wire, waterproof ventilated membrane, cement plate, lightweight steel construction skeleton from outside to inside successively, be filled in the rock wool of lightweight steel construction skeleton inside;
Described cement plate, steel wire all adopt rivet and the anchoring of lightweight steel construction skeleton; Thermal insulation mortar is applied on steel wire; Grid cloth sticks on thermal insulation mortar surface; Heat reflection waterproof coating is painted on grid cloth surface;
Wherein, the thickness of thermal insulation mortar is at 18-25mm, and the thickness of cement plate is at 10-15mm;
Described heat reflection waterproof coating is light water-repellent paint, is inside mixed with cenosphere, and coating layer thickness is at 1-2mm.
2. System of Housings with Light Steel Structure masonry wall structure as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that described thermal insulation mortar is glass bead fireproof heat insulating mortar.
3. System of Housings with Light Steel Structure masonry wall structure as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that described waterproof ventilated membrane is that polypropylene, polyethylene are synthetic and processes.
4. System of Housings with Light Steel Structure masonry wall structure as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that described cement plate be cement as binding agent, fiber is as the fibre cement reinforcement plate of reinforcing material.
5. System of Housings with Light Steel Structure masonry wall structure as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that there is partition between described lightweight steel construction skeleton two floors, and in skeleton, has U-shaped groove, for filling rock wool.
6. the construction method of System of Housings with Light Steel Structure masonry wall structure described in claim 1-5 any one, comprises the following steps:
The inner filling of lightweight steel construction skeleton rock wool;
The outer facade of waterproof ventilated membrane parcel cement plate, is then anchored at rivet the cement plate wrapping on lightweight steel construction skeleton;
Steel wire is penetrated to cement plate with rivet to be fixed on lightweight steel construction skeleton;
Thermal insulation mortar is spread upon to heavy weight steel wire online;
Grid cloth is sticked on to thermal insulation mortar surface;
Heat reflection waterproof coating is painted on grid cloth surface.
CN201410232333.7A 2014-05-29 2014-05-29 A kind of System of Housings with Light Steel Structure masonry wall structure and construction method Expired - Fee Related CN103993680B (en)

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CN103993680B true CN103993680B (en) 2016-05-11

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108842938A (en) * 2018-06-22 2018-11-20 吕铁男 Large Area Steel plate face super thick cement mortar protective course and its construction technology

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN1150986A (en) * 1995-11-17 1997-06-04 林火村 Construction method for wall
CN2332765Y (en) * 1997-06-08 1999-08-11 烟台市福山福松开发有限公司 Steel wire net foamed concrete light wall slab
CN2381691Y (en) * 1998-06-26 2000-06-07 梁炳恒 Foamed inorganic polymer sandwich wall panel
CN2474614Y (en) * 2001-04-06 2002-01-30 梁军 Field pouring reinforced keel concrete composite wall plate

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Granted publication date: 20160511

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