CN103991547B - A kind of small-sized class flapping wing aircraft - Google Patents

A kind of small-sized class flapping wing aircraft Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103991547B
CN103991547B CN201410234289.3A CN201410234289A CN103991547B CN 103991547 B CN103991547 B CN 103991547B CN 201410234289 A CN201410234289 A CN 201410234289A CN 103991547 B CN103991547 B CN 103991547B
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wing
axle
flapping wing
hand rotation
sheet
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CN103991547A (en
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王志成
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Guangzhou Xin Cai computer supplies Co., Ltd.
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Foshan Shenfeng Aviation Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

A kind of small-sized class flapping wing aircraft, belongs to vehicle technology field.It is made up of fuselage, alighting gear, energy resource system, control system, anticlockwise flapping wing and right rotation flapping wing.Fuselage is framed structure, adopts carbon fiber composite material; Energy resource system comprises motor, convenient lithium cell, train of reduction gears and speed regulation device of charging; Control system comprises radio telecommand projector, receptor and steering wheel; Anticlockwise flapping wing is identical with right rotation flapping wing structure, and rotational symmetry is in the fuselage left and right sides.Anticlockwise flapping wing is made up of the arm that turns left, left-hand rotation arm axle, left wing's axle, left wing's sheet, left pilot bar and left guides; Right rotation flapping wing is made up of arm of turning right, right-hand rotation arm axle, right flank axle, right flank sheet, right pilot bar and right guides.This aircraft can vertical lift and hovering.Band photographs equipment can be used for taking photo by plane, geographical measurements, traffic duty, militaryly to investigate and the multiple-task such as rescue and relief work.

Description

A kind of small-sized class flapping wing aircraft
Technical field
A kind of small-sized class flapping wing aircraft, belongs to vehicle technology field, particularly relates to a kind of rotary flapping wing aircraft.
Background technology
The lift unit that tradition flapping wing aircraft adopts is traditional flapping wing mechanism, driven by crankshaft-link rod, flapping wing is fluttered generation thrust up and down, efficiency is lower, complex structure, require higher to the strength at repeated alternation of flapping wing, flapping wing adopts flexible, the thrust that comparatively difficult labour is raw very large, and be difficult to vertical lift and hovering.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome the deficiency of above-mentioned conventional aircraft, the invention provides a kind of small-sized class flapping wing aircraft, fin rotates, can vertical lift and hovering.
The technical solution used in the present invention is: a kind of small-sized class flapping wing aircraft is made up of fuselage, alighting gear, energy resource system, control system, anticlockwise flapping wing and right rotation flapping wing.Fuselage is framed structure, adopts carbon fiber composite material; Energy resource system comprises a motor, convenient lithium cell, train of reduction gears and speed regulation device of charging; Control system comprises radio telecommand projector, receptor and steering wheel; Anticlockwise flapping wing is identical with right rotation flapping wing structure, and they are arranged in the left and right sides of fuselage axisymmetrically respectively about the plumb bob vertical crossing body center of gravity, and under the driving of motor, synchronized contrarotation provides thrust.This aircraft can vertical lift and hovering.
Anticlockwise flapping wing is made up of the arm that turns left, left-hand rotation arm axle, left wing's axle, left wing's sheet, left pilot bar and left guides; Right rotation flapping wing is made up of arm of turning right, right-hand rotation arm axle, right flank axle, right flank sheet, right pilot bar and right guides; Left guides is made up of left linear bearing and left oscillating bearing; Right guides is made up of right linear bearing and right oscillating bearing; Left-hand rotation arm axle and right-hand rotation arm axle near and coaxially install, be connected with the subtend flower wheel of two in train of reduction gears respectively, driving wheel is driven to drive the reverse synchronized rotation of these two subtend flower wheels again by motor, thus drive left-hand rotation arm axle and right-hand rotation arm axle constant speed to rotate backward respectively, drive anticlockwise flapping wing and the reverse constant speed rotation of right rotation flapping wing to flutter simultaneously.
The concrete structure of anticlockwise flapping wing is: one end of left-hand rotation arm axle is connected with fuselage by antifriction-bearing box, one end of left-hand rotation arm is vertical with the other end of left-hand rotation arm axle to be connected, the other end of left-hand rotation arm is vertical with one end of left wing axle to be connected, and the other end of left wing's axle is connected with left wing sheet by bearing; Left-hand rotation arm axle, left-hand rotation arm and left wing's axle are in same plane; Left wing's axle and left wing's sheet are connected in the leading edge place close to left wing's sheet, and left wing's axle is parallel with the leading edge of left wing's sheet, and left wing's sheet can around left wing's axle flexible rotating, but left wing's axle can not make axial motion in left wing's sheet; The rectangular triangle of left wing's sheet, left wing's sheet is near the leading vertical of the end face of left-hand rotation arm and the root end face of left wing's sheet and left wing's sheet; Left wing's sheet is rigidity, is made up of carbon fiber composite material; One end of left pilot bar and left wing's sheet are fixed on the root end face of left wing's sheet, and overlapping with the string of a musical instrument of this end face, and left pilot bar is vertical with left wing axle, and the other end of left pilot bar is through left guides; Left guides is fixedly bumped into left oscillating bearing by left linear bearing and combines, and left guides is connected with fuselage by the shell of its left oscillating bearing; Left pilot bar can do reciprocating linear motion and can swing flexibly around guides center in the left linear bearing of left guides; The length of left pilot bar enough guarantees that rotating left pilot bar in overall process at left-hand rotation arm has one end not come off in left guides all the time.
The principle of work of anticlockwise flapping wing is: the power of motor passes to left-hand rotation arm axle after slowing down, left-hand rotation arm axle rotates and drives left-hand rotation arm to rotate, left-hand rotation arm straps is moved left wing's axle and is rotated, rotate at the traction bottom left fin of left wing's axle and flutter, due to the restriction of left pilot bar and left guides, when left wing's sheet rotates, its angle of attack revolves at a cycle of operations the regular change of interior generation of turning around, and meets flapping wing, is conducive to producing thrust.In order to higher efficiency and the left wing's sheet of fluttering can be fluttered flexibly, left guides is a bit larger tham the maximum chord length sum of left-hand rotation arm lengths and left wing's sheet to the distance of left-hand rotation arm axle.In one-period, the effect of flutterring generation under left wing's sheet much larger than on flutter, the efficiency producing thrust is higher.The size of thrust is realized by the rotating speed of change left wing sheet, and the faster thrust of rotating speed is larger; The direction of thrust is relative azimuth by changing left guides and left-hand rotation arm axle and highly realizes.
The concrete structure of right rotation flapping wing is identical with the concrete structure of anticlockwise flapping wing, and they are about the symmetrical left and right sides being also placed in fuselage respectively of plumb bob vertical of the mistake center of gravity of body.The principle of work of right rotation flapping wing is also identical with the principle of work of anticlockwise flapping wing.Right rotation flapping wing is identical with the rotating speed of anticlockwise flapping wing but turn to contrary.Because left wing's sheet and right flank sheet all make circular-rotation, less demanding to the strength at repeated alternation of material.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the schematic front view of a kind of small-sized class flapping wing aircraft of the present invention; Fig. 2 is the left view of Fig. 1.
In figure: 1-fuselage; 2-alighting gear; 3-energy resource system; 4-control system; 5-anticlockwise flapping wing; 51-left-hand rotation arm axle; 52-left-hand rotation arm; 53-left wing sheet; 54-left wing axle; The left pilot bar of 55-; The left guides of 56-; The left linear bearing of 561-; The left oscillating bearing of 562-; 6-right rotation flapping wing.The broken circle of band arrow large in Fig. 2 represents rotational trajectory and the rotation direction of left wing's axle 54.
Detailed description of the invention
Now by reference to the accompanying drawings 1 and accompanying drawing 2 illustrate the present invention be illustrated: a kind of small-sized class flapping wing aircraft is made up of fuselage 1, alighting gear 2, energy resource system 3, control system 4, anticlockwise flapping wing 5 and right rotation flapping wing 6.Fuselage 1 is framed structure, adopts carbon fiber composite material; Energy resource system 3 comprises a motor, the lithium cell of convenient charging, train of reduction gears and speed regulation device, and train of reduction gears comprises coaxial identical with two of driving wheel and the flower wheel be mounted opposite; Control system 4 comprises radio telecommand projector, receptor and steering wheel; Anticlockwise flapping wing 5 is identical with right rotation flapping wing 6 structure, and the left and right sides synchronized reversion under the driving of motor that they are arranged in fuselage 1 respectively about the plumb bob vertical symmetry crossing body center of gravity provides thrust.This aircraft can vertical lift and hovering.
Anticlockwise flapping wing 5 is made up of left-hand rotation arm 52, left-hand rotation arm axle 51, left wing's axle 54, left wing's sheet 53, left pilot bar 55 and left guides 56; Right rotation flapping wing 6 is made up of right-hand rotation arm, right-hand rotation arm axle, right flank axle, right flank sheet, right pilot bar and right guides; Left guides 56 is made up of left linear bearing 561 and left oscillating bearing 562; Right guides is made up of right linear bearing and right oscillating bearing; Left-hand rotation arm axle 51 and right-hand rotation arm axle near and coaxially install, be connected with two subtend flower wheels in the train of reduction gears of energy resource system 3 respectively, driving wheel is driven to drive the reverse synchronized rotation of these two subtend flower wheels by motor, thus drive left-hand rotation arm axle 51 and right-hand rotation arm axle constant speed to rotate backward respectively, drive anticlockwise flapping wing 5 and the reverse synchronized rotation of right rotation flapping wing 6 simultaneously.
The concrete structure of anticlockwise flapping wing 5 is: one end of left-hand rotation arm axle 51 is connected with fuselage 1 by antifriction-bearing box, one end of left-hand rotation arm 52 is vertical with the other end of left-hand rotation arm axle 51 to be connected, the other end of left-hand rotation arm 52 is vertical with one end of left wing axle 54 to be connected, and the other end of left wing's axle 54 is connected with left wing sheet 53 by bearing; Left-hand rotation arm axle 51, left-hand rotation arm 52 and left wing's axle 54 are in same plane; Left wing's axle 54 and left wing's sheet 53 are connected in the leading edge place close to left wing's sheet 53, and left wing's axle 54 is parallel with the leading edge of left wing sheet 53, and left wing's sheet 53 can around left wing's axle 54 flexible rotating, but left wing's axle 54 can not make axial motion in left wing's sheet 53; Left wing's sheet 53 at right angles triangle, left wing's sheet 53 is near the leading vertical of the end face of left-hand rotation arm 52 and the root end face of left wing's sheet 53 and left wing's sheet 53; Left wing's sheet 53 is rigidity, is made up of carbon fiber composite material; One end of left pilot bar 55 and left wing's sheet 53 are fixed on the root end face of left wing's sheet 53, and overlapping with the string of a musical instrument of this end face, and left pilot bar 55 is vertical with left wing axle 54, and the other end of left pilot bar 55 is through left guides 56; Left guides 56 is fixedly bumped into left oscillating bearing 562 by left linear bearing 561 and combines, and left guides 56 is connected with fuselage 1 by the shell of its left oscillating bearing 562; Left pilot bar 55 can do reciprocating linear motion and can swing flexibly around guides 56 center in the left linear bearing of left guides 56; The length of left pilot bar 55 enough guarantees that rotating left pilot bar 55 in overall process at left-hand rotation arm 52 has one end not come off in left guides 56 all the time.
Alighting gear 2 adopts slide-type structure.
The principle of work of anticlockwise flapping wing 5 is: the power of motor passes to left-hand rotation arm axle 51 after slowing down, left-hand rotation arm axle 51 rotates and drives left-hand rotation arm 52 to rotate, left-hand rotation arm 52 drives left wing's axle 54 to rotate, rotate at the traction bottom left fin 53 of left wing's axle 54 and flutter, due to the restriction of left pilot bar 55 and left guides 56, when left wing's sheet 53 rotates, its angle of attack revolves at a cycle of operations the regular change of interior generation of turning around, and meets flapping wing, is conducive to producing thrust.In order to higher efficiency and the left wing's sheet 53 of fluttering can be fluttered flexibly, left guides 56 is a bit larger tham the maximum chord length sum of left-hand rotation arm 52 length and left wing's sheet 53 to the distance of left-hand rotation arm axle 51.In one-period, left wing's sheet effect of flutterring generation for 53 times much larger than on flutter, the efficiency producing thrust is higher.The size of thrust is realized by the rotating speed of change left wing sheet 53, and the faster thrust of rotating speed is larger; The direction of thrust is relative azimuth by changing left guides 56 and left-hand rotation arm axle 51 and highly realizes.
The concrete structure of right rotation flapping wing 6 is identical with the concrete structure of anticlockwise flapping wing 5, they about the mistake center of gravity of body plumb bob vertical rotational symmetry and be placed in the left and right sides of fuselage 1 respectively, the center of gravity of body is immediately below left-hand rotation arm axle 51 with the line of right-hand rotation arm axle.The principle of work of right rotation flapping wing 6 is also identical with the principle of work of anticlockwise flapping wing 5.Right rotation flapping wing 6 is identical with the rotating speed of anticlockwise flapping wing 5 but turn to contrary.Due to the structural symmetry of right rotation flapping wing 6 and anticlockwise flapping wing 5, drive their flower wheel also symmetrical, the starting altitude of guides is identical, the centnifugal force self-balancing of all tumblers, and the pneumatic moment of couple of fuselage 1 both sides also balances mutually.Therefore, anticlockwise flapping wing 5 and the right rotation flapping wing 6 of fuselage 1 both sides can produce equal and opposite in direction, and direction is parallel, and point of action is symmetrical in the directional thrust of fuselage.A kind of small-sized class flapping wing aircraft of this invention can realize smooth vertical lifting under the effect of both sides lift.
Because left wing's sheet 53 and right flank sheet all make circular-rotation, less demanding to the strength at repeated alternation of material.
The flight attitude should inventing a kind of small-sized class flapping wing aircraft is below described further this invention.
Take off: actuating motor, anticlockwise flapping wing 5 and right rotation flapping wing 6 is driven to flutter, utilize control system 4 to make left guides 56 and right guides be in sustained height position simultaneously, and make making a concerted effort upwards of the aerodynamic force of anticlockwise flapping wing 5 and right rotation flapping wing 6 generation, when this makes a concerted effort to be greater than body weight, this small-sized class flapping wing aircraft vertically goes up to the air.
Before fly: after taking off, under the control of control system 4, raise that left guides 56 is simultaneously synchronous reduces right guides, suitably improve the rotating speed of motor, this aircraft forward flight can be made.
After fly: when flying, under the control of control system 4, raise that right guides is simultaneously synchronous reduces left guides 56 aloft, suitably improve the rotating speed of motor, can realize flying backward.
Turning flight: when front flying, under the control of control system 4, little Xu raises left guides 56 aircraft and will bend to right; little Xu reduces right guides aircraft and will turn left.
Hovering: when aloft flying, utilize control system 4 to make left guides 56 and right guides be in same suitable height and position simultaneously, adjust the rotating speed of motor, making a concerted effort upwards of the aerodynamic force that anticlockwise flapping wing 5 and right rotation flapping wing 6 are produced, and equal body weight, after eliminating flight inertia by fine setting control system 4, this aircraft will be in hovering position.
Landing: after this aircraft is adjusted to hovering position, slowly reduce the rotating speed of motor, this aircraft is by slowly vertical landing.
More than illustrate it is make under the operating mode not having interference in air flow, if there is the existence of interference in air flow, then should carry out repairing partially according to the direction of air-flow and flow velocity.
A kind of small-sized class flapping wing aircraft band photographs equipment of the present invention can be used for taking photo by plane, geographical measurements, traffic duty, militaryly to investigate and the multiple-task such as rescue and relief work.

Claims (5)

1. a small-sized class flapping wing aircraft is made up of fuselage (1), alighting gear (2), energy resource system (3), control system (4), anticlockwise flapping wing (5) and right rotation flapping wing (6), it is characterized in that: energy resource system (3) comprises a motor, convenient lithium cell, train of reduction gears and speed regulation device of charging; Control system (4) comprises radio telecommand projector, receptor and steering wheel; Anticlockwise flapping wing (5) is identical with right rotation flapping wing (6) structure, they are arranged in the left and right sides of fuselage (1) axisymmetrically respectively about the plumb bob vertical crossing body center of gravity, and under the driving of motor, synchronized contrarotation provides thrust; Anticlockwise flapping wing (5) is made up of left-hand rotation arm (52), left-hand rotation arm axle (51), left wing's axle (54), left wing's sheet (53), left pilot bar (55) and left guides (56); Right rotation flapping wing (6) is made up of right-hand rotation arm, right-hand rotation arm axle, right flank axle, right flank sheet, right pilot bar and right guides; One end of left-hand rotation arm axle (51) is connected with fuselage (1) by antifriction-bearing box, one end of left-hand rotation arm (52) is vertical with the other end of left-hand rotation arm axle (51) to be connected, the other end of left-hand rotation arm (52) is vertical with one end of left wing's axle (54) to be connected, and the other end of left wing's axle (54) is connected with left wing's sheet (53) by bearing; Left-hand rotation arm axle (51), left-hand rotation arm (52) and left wing's axle (54) are in same plane; Left wing's axle (54) and left wing's sheet (53) are connected in the leading edge place close to left wing's sheet (53), left wing's axle (54) is parallel with the leading edge of left wing's sheet (53), and left wing's sheet (53) can around left wing's axle (54) flexible rotating; One end and left wing's sheet (53) of left pilot bar (55) are fixed on left wing's sheet (53) root end face, and it is overlapping with the string of a musical instrument of this end face, left pilot bar (55) is vertical with left wing's axle (54), and the other end of left pilot bar (55) is through left guides (56); Left guides (56) is connected with fuselage (1); The length of left pilot bar (55) enough guarantees that rotating left pilot bar (55) in overall process at left-hand rotation arm (52) has one end not come off in left guides (56) all the time; Left guides (56) is a bit larger tham the maximum chord length sum of left-hand rotation arm (52) length and left wing's sheet (53) to the distance of left-hand rotation arm axle (51); Left-hand rotation arm axle (51) and right-hand rotation arm axle near and coaxially install, be connected with the subtend flower wheel of two in train of reduction gears respectively, drive driving wheel to drive the reverse synchronized rotation of these two subtend flower wheels again by motor, drive anticlockwise flapping wing (5) and the reverse constant speed rotation of right rotation flapping wing (6) to flutter simultaneously.
2. the small-sized class flapping wing aircraft of one according to claim 1, is characterized in that: fuselage (1) is framed structure, adopts carbon fiber composite material.
3. the small-sized class flapping wing aircraft of one according to claim 1, is characterized in that: left wing's sheet (53) and right flank sheet be triangle all at right angles, is rigidity, is made up of carbon fiber composite material.
4. the small-sized class flapping wing aircraft of one according to claim 1, is characterized in that: alighting gear (2) adopts ski type structure.
5. the small-sized class flapping wing aircraft of one according to claim 1, is characterized in that: left guides (56) is made up of left linear bearing (561) and left oscillating bearing (562); Right guides is made up of right linear bearing and right oscillating bearing.
CN201410234289.3A 2014-05-30 2014-05-30 A kind of small-sized class flapping wing aircraft Active CN103991547B (en)

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104443386B (en) * 2014-12-15 2016-06-29 佛山市神风航空科技有限公司 A kind of miniature self-service class flapping wing aircraft
CN106585984B (en) * 2017-01-03 2021-06-01 谷峰 Rolling type ornithopter

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3865060A (en) * 1972-04-26 1975-02-11 Paul Bastide Special submarine devices using a novel integrated lift, propulsion and steering system
US4247251A (en) * 1978-05-17 1981-01-27 Wuenscher Hans F Cycloidal fluid flow engine
CN1050005A (en) * 1990-09-24 1991-03-20 韩培洲 The rolling-swing device that is used for aircraft
CN202481310U (en) * 2012-01-30 2012-10-10 西北工业大学 Aviation cycloid paddle thruster
CN203845010U (en) * 2014-05-30 2014-09-24 佛山市神风航空科技有限公司 Small ornithopter

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3865060A (en) * 1972-04-26 1975-02-11 Paul Bastide Special submarine devices using a novel integrated lift, propulsion and steering system
US4247251A (en) * 1978-05-17 1981-01-27 Wuenscher Hans F Cycloidal fluid flow engine
CN1050005A (en) * 1990-09-24 1991-03-20 韩培洲 The rolling-swing device that is used for aircraft
CN202481310U (en) * 2012-01-30 2012-10-10 西北工业大学 Aviation cycloid paddle thruster
CN203845010U (en) * 2014-05-30 2014-09-24 佛山市神风航空科技有限公司 Small ornithopter

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Effective date of registration: 20161020

Address after: 510000, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Tianhe District Longdong Dragon Road No. 260 Longdong industrial building D-6 building on the third floor

Patentee after: Guangzhou Xin Cai computer supplies Co., Ltd.

Address before: Foshan City, Guangdong province 528500 city streets Gaoming District No. 78 Jiangwan Road, room 402 Fu Wan

Patentee before: Shenfeng science and technology of aviation Co., Ltd of Foshan City