CN103990294B - Crab shells one kind of crushing, extraction apparatus - Google Patents

Crab shells one kind of crushing, extraction apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103990294B
CN103990294B CN 201410230884 CN201410230884A CN103990294B CN 103990294 B CN103990294 B CN 103990294B CN 201410230884 CN201410230884 CN 201410230884 CN 201410230884 A CN201410230884 A CN 201410230884A CN 103990294 B CN103990294 B CN 103990294B
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crab shells
crushing
cylinder
crab
connecting rod
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CN 201410230884
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CN103990294A (en )
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孙刚
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昆山市富众网络科技有限公司
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Abstract

本发明公开了一种螃蟹壳破碎、萃取装置,包括圆锥形螃蟹壳破碎缸,所述螃蟹壳破碎缸中间设有中心轴,所述中心轴位于螃蟹壳破碎缸口端设有数个连接杆,所述连接杆与中心轴之间为活动链接,连接杆可上下移动,所述每个连接杆末端设有捣碎装置,所述捣碎装置呈圆锥形,且锥形头部向下,用于捣碎螃蟹壳;所述螃蟹壳破碎缸锥形口部设有第一过滤膜,所述螃蟹壳破碎缸锥形口部,位于第一过滤膜下方设有第二过滤膜,所述螃蟹壳破碎缸锥形口部通过连接管链接有萃取装置;本发明的优点有:能够批量破碎螃蟹壳,且破碎的彻底、高效,极大的提高了后续萃取的效率;双重过滤,且保护了过滤膜,防止其被螃蟹壳刮坏,延长了过滤膜的使用寿命。 The present invention discloses a crushing crab shells, the extraction apparatus comprising a conical crushing cylinder crab shells, crab shells crushing said intermediate cylinder has a central axis, the central axis is located crab shells broken end is provided with a plurality of cylinder ports connecting rod, the connection between the rod and the central axis of the active link, the connecting rod may be moved up and down, the end of each connecting rod is provided with a stamp device, said means mashed conical and downwardly tapered head, with mashed in crab shells; crab shells breaking the tapered cylinder portion is provided with a first opening filtration membrane, the crushed crab shells cylinder tapered mouth portion, located below the first filter membrane is provided with the second filter membrane, said crab crushing the tapered cylinder housing portion by opening the extraction device has a connection pipe linking; advantages of this invention are: the ability to bulk crushing crab shells, and broken completely efficient, greatly improves the efficiency of subsequent extraction; dual filter, and to protect the filtration membrane, preventing it from being scratched crab shells, extending the service life of the filter membrane.

Description

一种螃蟹壳破碎、萃取装置 Crab shells one kind of crushing, extraction apparatus

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种化学萃取装置,特别是一种螃蟹壳破碎、萃取装置。 [0001] The present invention relates to a chemical extraction device, in particular a crab shells crushing, extraction apparatus.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 螃蟹味美、富含营养,受到人们的喜爱,且螃蟹壳中含有甲壳素,其具有抗癌抑制癌、瘤细胞转移,提高人体免疫力及护肝解毒作用。 [0002] crab delicious, nutrient-rich, loved by the people, and contains crab shell chitin, which has anti-cancer inhibition of cancer, tumor cell metastasis, enhance the human immune system and liver detoxification. 尤其适用于糖尿病、肝肾病、高血压、月巴胖等症,有利于预防癌细胞病变和辅助放化疗治疗肿瘤疾病。 Especially for diabetes, liver and kidney disease, high blood pressure, fat embolism Pakistan month, help prevent cancer lesions and adjuvant chemoradiation treatment of neoplastic diseases. 天然的甲壳素需要从甲壳类东西的壳中提取,而螃蟹壳中富含甲壳素,因此对螃蟹壳的提取成为焦点。 Need to be extracted from natural chitin crustacean shells things, the rich chitin and crab shells, crab shells thus extracted into focus.

[0003] 然而螃蟹壳坚硬,且带有突刺,给破碎带来一定的不便,而且破碎后的螃蟹壳用于溶解、粗提、萃取的过程非常繁琐,给批量破碎螃蟹壳并提取甲壳素带来一定的困难,耗时耗力。 [0003] However, hard crab shells, and with a thrusting, broken to bring some inconvenience, and the crushed crab shells used to dissolve the crude extract, the extraction process is very cumbersome, and a bulk crushing crab shell chitin extracted with to certain difficulties, time-consuming and labor-intensive.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 为解决现有技术的不足,本发明的目的在于提供一种螃蟹壳破碎、萃取装置,能够大批量破碎螃蟹壳,并进行粗提、萃取。 [0004] To solve the problem of the prior art, an object of the present invention is to provide a crushing crab shells, extraction means capable of crushing large quantities crab shells, and crude extract.

[0005] 为了实现上述目标,本发明采用如下的技术方案: [0005] In order to achieve the above object, the present invention adopts the following technical solution:

[0006] 一种螃蟹壳破碎、萃取装置,其特征在于,包括圆锥形螃蟹壳破碎缸,所述螃蟹壳破碎缸中间设有中心轴,所述中心轴一端通过固定杆固定于螺蟹壳破碎缸边缘,所述中心轴位于螃蟹壳破碎缸口端设有数个连接杆,所述连接杆与中心轴之间为活动链接,连接杆可上下移动,所述每个连接杆末端设有捣碎装置,所述捣碎装置呈圆锥形,且锥形头部向下,用于捣碎螃蟹壳;所述螃蟹壳破碎缸锥形口部设有第一过滤膜,所述螃蟹壳破碎缸锥形口部,位于第一过滤膜下方设有第二过滤膜,所述螃蟹壳破碎缸锥形口部通过连接管链接有萃取装置。 [0006] A crab shells crushing, extraction device, characterized in that the crushing cylinder comprising a conical crab shells, crab shells crushing said intermediate cylinder has a central axis, the central axis is fixed to one end of the screw rod fixed crushing shells cylinder edges, said central axis located crab shells broken end is provided with a plurality of cylinder ports connecting rod, said connecting rod and the central axis between an active link, the connecting rod movable up and down, the end of each connecting rod is provided with a stamp It means the mashed means conical and downwardly tapered head for mashing crab shells; crab shells breaking the tapered cylinder portion is provided with a first opening filtration membrane, the crab shells cone crusher cylinder shaped mouth portion, located below the first filter membrane is provided with the second filter membrane, the crushed crab shells tapered cylinder portion through the connection pipe linking the mouth has an extraction device.

[0007] —种螃蟹壳破碎、萃取装置,其特征在于,所述连接杆的数量为3个以上,且在中心轴上均匀分布。 [0007] - crushing shell crab species, extraction apparatus, wherein the number of the connecting rod is at least 3, and uniformly distributed on the central axis.

[0008] —种螃蟹壳破碎、萃取装置,其特征在于,所述捣碎装置外表面设有旋转螺纹凸起。 [0008] - crushing shell crab species, extraction device, characterized in that the mashing device rotating threaded outer surface provided with projections.

[0009] —种螃蟹壳破碎、萃取装置,其特征在于,所述捣碎装置与连接杆之间为旋转连接,捣碎装置能够自转。 [0009] - crushing shell crab species, extraction device, characterized in that the mashed between the connecting rod means connected to rotation, a rotatable mashing device.

[0010] 一种螃蟹壳破碎、萃取装置,其特征在于,所述第一过滤膜的材质为不锈钢,孔径为50-100 目。 [0010] A crab shells crushing, extraction device, characterized in that said first filter membrane made of stainless steel, a pore size of 50-100 mesh.

[0011] —种螃蟹壳破碎、萃取装置,其特征在于,所述第二过滤膜的材质为二醋酸纤维或硝酸纤维,孔径为350-500目。 [0011] - crushing shell crab species, extraction means, wherein said second filter membrane made of nitrocellulose or diacetate fiber, pore size of 350-500 mesh.

[0012] —种螃蟹壳破碎、萃取装置,其特征在于,所述螃蟹壳破碎缸、中心轴、连接杆、捣碎装置的材质为304不锈钢。 [0012] - crushing shell crab species, extraction device, characterized in that the crushing cylinder crab shells, the central shaft, connecting rod, the material was crushed apparatus 304 stainless steel.

[0013] 本发明的有益之处在于:1.能够批量破碎螃蟹壳,且破碎的彻底、高效,极大的提高了后续萃取的效率;2.双重过滤,且保护了过滤膜,防止其被螃蟹壳刮坏,延长了过滤膜的使用寿命;3.生产成本低,使用效率提高,效果显著。 [0013] the benefits of the present invention is: a bulk can be broken crab shells, and broken completely efficient, greatly improves the efficiency of subsequent extraction; dual filter 2, and protect the filter membrane, it is prevented. scratched crab shells, extending the life of the filter membrane; 3. low production cost, improve efficiency, the effect is significant.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0014]图1是本发明的螃蟹壳破碎、萃取装置示意图。 [0014] FIG. 1 is a broken crab shells of the present invention, a schematic view of the extraction device.

[0015] 图中附图标记的含义: [0015] The reference numerals in FIG meanings:

[0016] 1.螃蟹壳破碎缸,2.中心轴,3.连接杆,4.捣碎装置,5.第一过滤膜,6.第二过滤膜,7.萃取装置。 [0016] 1. crab shells breaking cylinder, 2 central axis 3. connecting rod 4. Mashed means 5. The first filter membrane, 6. The second filtration membrane 7. Extraction apparatus.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0017] 以下结合附图和具体实施例对本发明作具体的介绍。 [0017] The following embodiments in conjunction with accompanying drawings and specific embodiments as a specific description of the present invention.

[0018] 结合图1,本发明的螃蟹壳破碎、萃取装置,包括圆锥形螃蟹壳破碎缸1,所述螃蟹壳破碎缸I中间设有中心轴2,所述中心轴2 —端通过固定杆固定于螃蟹壳破碎缸I边缘,所述中心轴2位于螃蟹壳破碎缸I 口端设有4个连接杆3,且在中心轴2上均匀分布,所述连接杆3与中心轴2之间为活动链接,连接杆3可上下移动,所述每个连接杆3末端设有捣碎装置4,所述捣碎装置4呈圆锥形,且锥形头部向下,用于捣碎螃蟹壳,连接杆3能够带动捣碎装置4上下移动,从而对螃蟹壳进行捣碎;所述螃蟹壳破碎缸I锥形口部设有不锈钢材质的第一过滤膜5,其孔径为70目,所述第一过滤膜5用于对捣碎的螃蟹进行第一步粗提(螃蟹壳破碎后期,向螃蟹壳破碎缸I中加入萃取溶液),同时其材质坚硬,不易被螃蟹壳刮破,进一步保护了第二过滤膜6,所述螃蟹壳破碎缸I锥形口部,位 [0018] in conjunction with FIG. 1, the present invention is crab shells crushing, extraction means comprising a conical crushing cylinder 1 crab shells, crab shells crushing said intermediate cylinder has a central axis I 2, the central axis 2 - the end by a fixing rod fixed between an edge I crab shells breaking cylinder, the central axis of the cylinder 2 located crab shells broken end is provided with four port I tie-rod 3, and uniformly distributed on the center shaft 2, the connecting rod 3 with the central axis 2 active link, the connecting rod 3 can be moved up and down, each of the connecting rod is provided with mashed crab shells terminal apparatus 4 3, 4 of the mashing apparatus conical, downwardly tapered head and, for mashing , connecting rod 3 can be moved up and down driven by a stamp device 4, thereby crushed crab shells; the crushed crab shells I tapered cylinder portion is provided with opening a first stainless steel filter membrane 5, pore size of 70 mesh, the said first filter membrane 5 for crushed crab first step crude (crab shells late breaking, crushing crab shells to extraction solution was added to the cylinder I), while it is hard material, not easily scratched crab shells, further protection of the second filter film 6, the crushing cylinder crab shells I tapered mouth portion, bit 第一过滤膜5下方设有材质为硝酸纤维的第二过滤膜6,其孔径为400目,所述螃蟹壳破碎缸I锥形口部通过连接管链接有萃取装置7 ;所述螃蟹壳破碎缸1、中心轴2、连接杆3、捣碎装置4的材质为304不锈钢。 5 is provided below the first filter membrane made of a second nitrocellulose membrane filter 6, a pore size of 400 mesh, the crushing cylinder crab shells I tapered mouth portion extraction means 7 via the connection pipe linking; the crushing crab shells 1 cylinder, the central axis 2, connecting rod 3, 4 is made mashed apparatus 304 stainless steel.

[0019] 本发明的螃蟹壳破碎、萃取装置,除上述结构外,其不同之处在于,所述捣碎装置4外表面设有旋转螺纹凸起(图上未示出),所述捣碎装置4与连接杆3之间为旋转连接,捣碎装置4能够自转,从而更好的对螃蟹壳进行破碎,使得破碎更为充分、彻底;所述第一过滤膜5的孔径为50目,所述第二过滤膜6的材质为二醋酸纤维,孔径为350目。 [0019] crab shells breaking the invention, the extraction device, in addition to the above-described structure except that the outer surface of the stamp means 4 is provided with rotation of the threaded projection (not shown in the figure), the mashed means 4 between the connecting rod 3 is rotatably connected, in a rotatable mashing apparatus 4, so as to better the crushed crab shells, such that crushed more fully, thoroughly; pore size of the first filter membrane 5 is 50 mesh, the material of the second filter film 6 diacetate fiber, pore size of 350 mesh.

[0020] 本发明的螃蟹壳破碎、萃取装置,除上述结构外,其不同之处在于,所述连接杆3的个数为3个;所述第一过滤膜5的孔径为100目,所述第二过滤膜6的材质为二醋酸纤维,孔径为500目。 [0020] crab shells breaking the invention, the extraction device, in addition to the above-described structure except that the number 3 is the connecting rod 3; 5 pore size of the first filter membrane 100 mesh, the said second material is a filtration membrane 6 diacetate fiber, pore size of 500 mesh.

[0021] 本发明的螃蟹壳破碎、萃取装置能够大批量、高效的对螃蟹壳进行粉碎,并有效的进行粗提、萃取,使得这些复杂的过程联系在一起,操作简单、省力,极大的提高了使用效率,且极大的延长了使用寿命。 [0021] The present invention crushing crab shells, large quantities of the extraction device can be efficiently pulverized shells of crabs and effectively be crude, extracted, so that the processes associated with these complex, simple operation, labor-saving, great improve efficiency, and greatly extended service life.

[0022] 本发明的螃蟹壳破碎、萃取装置螃蟹壳破碎、萃取装置已投入生产,并进行了试用,效果良好,适合广泛的使用。 [0022] The present invention crushing crab shells, crab shells breaking extraction device, the extraction device has been put into production and trial, good results, for widespread use.

[0023] 以上显示和描述了本发明的基本原理、主要特征和优点。 [0023] The above and described the principles of the invention, the main features and advantages. 本行业的技术人员应该了解,上述实施例不以任何形式限制本发明,凡采用等同替换或等效变换的方式所获得的技术方案,均落在本发明的保护范围内。 The industry the art will appreciate, the above-described embodiments do not limit the present invention in any form, where the use of equivalent technical solutions substitutions or equivalent manner the obtained conversion, are within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

  1. 1.一种螃蟹壳破碎、萃取装置,其特征在于,包括圆锥形螃蟹壳破碎缸,所述螃蟹壳破碎缸中间设有中心轴,所述中心轴一端通过固定杆固定于螃蟹壳破碎缸边缘,所述中心轴位于螃蟹壳破碎缸口端设有数个连接杆,所述连接杆与中心轴之间为活动链接,连接杆可上下移动,所述每个连接杆末端设有捣碎装置,所述捣碎装置呈圆锥形,且锥形头部向下,用于捣碎螃蟹壳;所述螃蟹壳破碎缸锥形口部设有第一过滤膜,所述螃蟹壳破碎缸锥形口部,位于第一过滤膜下方设有第二过滤膜,所述螃蟹壳破碎缸锥形口部通过连接管链接有萃取装置。 A crab shells crushing, extraction device, characterized in that the crushing cylinder comprising a conical crab shells, crab shells crushing said intermediate cylinder has a central axis, the central axis is fixed to one end by a rod fixed to the cylinder edge crushing crab shells , located on the central axis crab shells broken end is provided with a plurality of cylinder ports connecting rod, said connecting rod and the central axis between an active link, the connecting rod is movable vertically, the end of each connecting rod is provided with a stamp device, the stamp apparatus conical and downwardly tapered head for mashing crab shells; crab shells breaking the tapered cylinder portion is provided with a first opening filtration membrane, the crushed crab shells tapered cylinder port section, located below the first filter membrane is provided with the second filter membrane, the crushed crab shells tapered cylinder portion through the connection pipe linking the mouth has an extraction device.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的螃蟹壳破碎、萃取装置,其特征在于,所述连接杆的数量为3个以上,且在中心轴上均匀分布。 2. The crab shells according to claim 1 crushing, extraction apparatus, wherein the number of the connecting rod is at least 3, and uniformly distributed on the central axis.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的螃蟹壳破碎、萃取装置,其特征在于,所述捣碎装置外表面设有旋转螺纹凸起。 Crab shells according to claim 1, wherein the crushing, extraction device, characterized in that the mashing device rotating threaded outer surface provided with projections.
  4. 4.根据权利要求3所述的螃蟹壳破碎、萃取装置,其特征在于,所述捣碎装置与连接杆之间为旋转连接,捣碎装置能够自转。 4. crab shells according extraction apparatus according to claim 3 crushing, characterized in that said means mashed between the connecting rod is connected to the rotation, a rotatable mashing device.
  5. 5.根据权利要求1所述的螃蟹壳破碎、萃取装置,其特征在于,所述第一过滤膜的材质为不锈钢,孔径为50-100目。 The crab shells according to claim 1 crushing, extraction device, characterized in that said first filter membrane made of stainless steel, a pore size of 50-100 mesh.
  6. 6.根据权利要求1所述的螃蟹壳破碎、萃取装置,其特征在于,所述第二过滤膜的材质为二醋酸纤维或硝酸纤维,孔径为350-500目。 6. crab shells according to claim 1 crushing, extraction device, characterized in that said second filter membrane made of nitrocellulose or diacetate fiber, pore size of 350-500 mesh.
  7. 7.根据权利要求1所述的螃蟹壳破碎、萃取装置,其特征在于,所述螃蟹壳破碎缸、中心轴、连接杆、捣碎装置的材质为304不锈钢。 7. crab shells according to claim 1 crushing, extraction device, characterized in that the crushing cylinder crab shells, the central shaft, connecting rod, the material was crushed apparatus 304 stainless steel.
CN 201410230884 2014-05-28 2014-05-28 Crab shells one kind of crushing, extraction apparatus CN103990294B (en)

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CN203227325U (en) * 2013-05-15 2013-10-09 大连民族学院 Extracting device
CN103752033A (en) * 2014-01-13 2014-04-30 桂林茗兴生物科技有限公司 Integrated device for extraction and separation of traditional Chinese medicine
CN203874501U (en) * 2014-05-28 2014-10-15 昆山市富众网络科技有限公司 Crab shell crushing and extracting device

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6551642B2 (en) * 2001-03-08 2003-04-22 Cocotech, Inc. Process for removing oil from foodstuffs using a membrane filter

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CA2402033A1 (en) * 2002-09-09 2004-03-09 Jeremy Napora Method and device for extracting oil from plant material
CN203227325U (en) * 2013-05-15 2013-10-09 大连民族学院 Extracting device
CN103316733A (en) * 2013-07-09 2013-09-25 广西大学 Traditional Chinese medicine pounding machine
CN103752033A (en) * 2014-01-13 2014-04-30 桂林茗兴生物科技有限公司 Integrated device for extraction and separation of traditional Chinese medicine
CN203874501U (en) * 2014-05-28 2014-10-15 昆山市富众网络科技有限公司 Crab shell crushing and extracting device

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