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Visible multifunctional kidney stone removing device

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Publication number
CN103989503A
CN103989503A CN 201410234948 CN201410234948A CN103989503A CN 103989503 A CN103989503 A CN 103989503A CN 201410234948 CN201410234948 CN 201410234948 CN 201410234948 A CN201410234948 A CN 201410234948A CN 103989503 A CN103989503 A CN 103989503A
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CN
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Prior art keywords
forceps
handle
left
kidney
right
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CN 201410234948
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘可峰
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河南科技大学第一附属医院
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/22Implements for squeezing-off ulcers or the like on the inside of inner organs of the body; Implements for scraping-out cavities of body organs, e.g. bones; Calculus removers; Calculus smashing apparatus; Apparatus for removing obstructions in blood vessels, not otherwise provided for
    • A61B17/22031Gripping instruments, e.g. forceps, for removing or smashing calculi
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/22Implements for squeezing-off ulcers or the like on the inside of inner organs of the body; Implements for scraping-out cavities of body organs, e.g. bones; Calculus removers; Calculus smashing apparatus; Apparatus for removing obstructions in blood vessels, not otherwise provided for
    • A61B17/22031Gripping instruments, e.g. forceps, for removing or smashing calculi
    • A61B2017/22034Gripping instruments, e.g. forceps, for removing or smashing calculi for gripping the obstruction or the tissue part from inside

Abstract

The invention relates to a visible multifunctional kidney stone removing device. The visible multifunctional kidney stone removing device comprises a left forceps handle and a right forceps handle, wherein the left forceps handle and the right forceps handle are connected through a hinge pin. A left forceps head is integrally arranged at the head end of the left forceps handle, a right forceps head is integrally arranged at the head end of the right forceps handle, and the left forceps handle and the right forceps handle are respectively of a hollow structure. The opposite surfaces of the left forceps handle and the right forceps handle are provided with meshed teeth. The left forceps head and the right forceps head are provided with holes, and the holes are covered with elastic films. A miniature camera and a miniature LED lamp are arranged at the connection portion of the right forceps head and the right forceps handle, a water outlet is formed in the end, far away from the left forceps handle, of the left forceps head, and the left forceps handle is provided with a water inlet. Being provided with the miniature LED lamp, the kidney stone removing device can illuminate the kidney pelvis and the kidney calices during the kidney stone removal operation, so that the visuality is improved, the kidney stone removal time is shortened, the risk of the operation is reduced, pains of patients are relieved, and the operation effect can be achieved well. In addition, the visible multifunctional kidney stone removing device is stable in illuminance, free of heating phenomena and safe and reliable to use.

Description

—种可视多功能肾脏取石装置 - kind of visual multifunctional apparatus kidney stone

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及医疗器械技术领域,具体涉及一种可视多功能肾脏取石装置。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of medical devices, particularly to a multi-functional kidney stone visual means.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 在人体肾脏结石治疗方式中。 [0002] In the human kidney stone treatment modality. 目前,常采用体外震波碎石术(ESWL)和手术治疗,其中手术治疗分开放手术和微创手术,但肾结石如合并肾功能差,仍需开放手术,特别是在我国县级医院和贫困地区,不能开展微创手术,多以开放手术为主。 Currently, often using extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) and surgical treatment, surgical treatment of open surgery and minimally invasive surgery division, but as kidney stones and renal function is poor, still open surgery, especially in our county hospital and poverty area, can not carry out minimally invasive surgery, and more open based on surgery. 肾结石最常用的手术方式是肾盂切口取石。 The most common surgical approach kidney pelvis incision is stone. 现有临床上所使用的肾脏取石装置其取石面为有浅横纹的平面,用它夹取肾脏结石,取石装置与结石接触面小,特别是结石位于肾盏内时,常是结石尖端露出在肾盂内或朝向肾盂,肾盂、肾盏结石周围空间有限,取石装置仅能夹住结石一端,结石易滑脱。 When kidney stone means prior used clinically which stone surface is a flat shallow stripes, with which the gripping kidney stones, stone device stones small contact area, in particular stone located within the calyx, often stone tip is exposed in the renal pelvis or toward pelvis, renal pelvis, calyx calculi limited space around the stone extraction device is only clamped at one end stones, calculi easy to slip. 有时为防结石滑脱,用大力钳夹,将结石一部分夹碎,有时医务人员手工捏持结石,这样操作起来十分麻烦、费时费力,给医务人员增加了极大的工作难度。 Sometimes stones to prevent slippage, with the strong jaw, a portion of the stone broken to pieces, and sometimes medical personnel manual pinch stones, so the operation is very cumbersome, time-consuming, to increase the medical staff work extremely difficult.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明的目的是为解决上述技术问题的不足,提供一种可视多功能肾脏取石装置。 [0003] The object of the present invention is to solve the above technical problems is insufficient, there is provided a multi-functional kidney stone visual means.

[0004] 本发明为解决上述技术问题的不足,所采用的技术方案是: [0004] The present invention is to solve the above problems of inadequate technical solutions adopted are:

一种可视多功能肾脏取石装置,包括通过销轴连接左钳柄和右钳柄,左钳柄和右钳柄的头端分别一体设有左钳头和右钳头,左钳柄和右钳柄的尾端均设有套环,所述左钳柄和右钳柄均为中空结构,左钳柄和右钳柄的相对面上设有啮合的齿,左钳头和右钳头上均设有孔,左、右钳头的孔处均覆盖有弹性膜,所述右钳头与右钳柄相连接处设有微型摄像头和微型LED灯,微型摄像头和微型LED灯分别通过光纤导线与显示器和电源连接,所述左钳头远离左钳柄一端设置有出水口,左钳柄上设置有进水口。 A visual kidney stone multifunctional apparatus, comprising connecting the left and right clamp jaw lever handle by a pin, clamp handle left and right ends of each jaw shank head is integrally provided with left and right clamp jaw head, the left and right clamp handle the trailing end clamp handle are provided with a collar, of the left and right clamp handle clamp handle are hollow structure, the left and right clamp handle clamp handle provided on the surface opposite the toothing, the left and right clamp head clamp are provided with holes, left, and right clamp hole are covered with an elastic membrane of the right and the right jaw clamp connected to the handle is provided with micro-miniature camera and LED light, micro-miniature camera and LED light through the optical fiber wires are and a power supply connected to a display, the left away from the left jaw clamp is provided with a water outlet end of the shank, the shank is provided with a water inlet on the left jaw.

[0005] 所述的弹性膜由医用硅胶制成。 Said elastic membrane [0005] made of medical grade silicone.

[0006] 所述的左钳头和右钳头为椭圆形、方形或圆形。 [0006] The left and right clamp clamp elliptical, square or round.

[0007] 使用时,将左钳头和右钳头置入肾脏内,手握操作左、右钳柄及套环,打开微型LED灯和微型摄像头使其工作,照亮肾盂、肾盏,这样在有光照的情况下,将左钳头和右钳头移至结石处并夹住结石,此刻弹性膜根据结石大小扩张,紧紧兜住结石使其不产生滑动,拉出左钳头和右钳头即可从肾盂、肾盏取出结石,此过程同时利用微型摄像头和光纤导线传递的数据,医务人员可通过显示器观察肾盂、肾盏内的具体情况,能够准确地操作取石装置进行钳取石头,大大地缩短了取石时间,而且通过显示器的显示能够准确的了解到肾盂、肾盏内是否还有结石残留,避免了术后结石残留现象发生。 [0007] In use, the left and right clamp clamp into the kidney, operation of the left hand, and right clamp handle and collar, open micro-miniature camera and the LED make it work, illuminated renal pelvis, calyx, and in the case where there is light, the left and right clamp clamp and grip the stones to move stones, stone size at the moment according to the expansion of the elastic membrane, it does not tightly sliding Douzhu stones, pulled left and right clamp clamp to the renal pelvis, calyx remove the stones, this procedure while using the data micro-camera and optical fiber line delivery, medical personnel can observe the pelvis, the specific situation in the renal calyx through the display, capable of operating accurately stone apparatus forceps stone greatly shorten the time stone, and by displaying the display can accurately understand the renal pelvis, whether there are stones in the kidney residual light, to avoid postoperative residual stones occurred.

[0008] 当遇到取石装置周围有血迹影响观测时,可通过注水孔向左钳柄内注水,左钳头顶端的出水孔出水清除血迹,方便观测。 [0008] When the observed effects encountered with blood around the stone means through the water injection holes left clamp handle, the head nozzle holes to clear the top of the left clamp effluent blood to facilitate observation.

[0009] 有益效果 [0009] beneficial effects

I)、本发明在取石装置上设置了微型LED灯,在进行肾内取石手术时可对肾盂、肾盏内进行照明,提高了可视性,从而缩短了取石时间,降低了手术的危险性,减轻患者痛苦,很好地达到手术的效果,且照明度稳定,无发热现象,使用安全可靠; The I), the present invention is provided on the LED micro lithotomy means may pelvis and, when performed during renal calyces stone surgery lighting, improve the visibility, shortening the time stone, reducing the risk of surgery alleviate the suffering of patients, to achieve good surgical results, and the illumination stability, no heat generation, safe and reliable;

2)、 本发明通过弹性膜容受性舒张套取结石,取石方便,大大地提高了医务人员的工作效率; 2), the elastic membrane of the present invention by taking receptive relaxation stones, stone easy, greatly improve the working efficiency of medical personnel;

3)、本发明结构合理,设计新颖,实用性强,使用寿命长,使用既方便快捷,又安全卫生。 3), the advantages of reasonable structure, novel design, practical, long service life, use only convenient, but also health and safety. 附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0010] 图1为本发明的肾脏取石装置结构示意图; Kidney present invention [0010] Fig 1 a schematic view of the device structure stone;

图2为本发明的右钳头的结构示意图; Right clamp structure of FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the present disclosure;

图3为本发明的左钳头的结构示意图; Left clamp structure of FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the present disclosure;

图中标记:1、左甜柄,2、右甜柄,3、销轴,4、套环,5、右甜头,6、齿,7、弹性I吴,8、微型摄像头,9、微型LED灯,10、光纤导线,11、进水口,12、出水口,13、左钳头。 FIG labeled: 1, left sweet stem, 2, a right sweet handle, 3, pin 4, the collar 5, the right sweetness, 6 teeth, 7, elastically I Wu, 8, miniature camera, 9, micro-LED lamp 10, optical fiber line 11, inlet 12, outlet 13, the left clamp.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0011] 如图所示:一种可视多功能肾脏取石装置,包括通过销轴3连接左钳柄I和右钳柄2,左甜柄I和右甜柄2顶部分别一体设有左甜头13和右甜头5,左甜柄I和右甜柄2底部分别设有套环4,右钳头5下方设有微型摄像头8和微型LED灯9,微型摄像头8和微型LED灯9分别通过光纤导线10与显示器和电源连接。 [0011] As shown in FIG: a visual kidney stone multifunctional apparatus 3 by a pin connection comprising a clamp handle left and right clamp handle I 2, I left and right handle sweet sweet handle 2 are integrally provided with the top left sweetness 13 and a right sweetness 5, bottom left sweet handle I and the right sweet shank 2 are respectively provided with a collar 4, is provided with micro-camera 8 and the micro-LED lamp 9 right bottom clamp 5, micro-camera 8 and the micro-LED lamp 9, respectively through the optical fiber wire 10 connected to a display and power supply. 左钳头13和右钳头5上皆设有孔,左钳头13和右钳头5的相向面上设有啮合的齿6,左钳头13和右钳头5的孔处固设有弹性膜7,弹性膜7由医用硅胶制成,左钳头13和右钳头5为椭圆形,右钳柄2为中空结构,光纤导线10 —端位于右甜柄2中空部内,另一端在销轴3处芽出右甜柄2,左甜柄I为中空结构,销轴3上端的左钳柄I上设有进水口11,左钳头13的顶部设有出水口12,进水口11和出水口12通过左钳柄I中空部连通。 Left clamp 13 are provided with holes 5 and a right clamp, the opposing surfaces of the left clamp 13 and the right clamp 5 is provided with engaging teeth 6, the left and the right clamp 13 clamp fixedly disposed hole 5 elastic film 7, the elastic film 7 is made of medical grade silicone, the left clamp 13 and the right clamp 5 is elliptical, the right clamp handle 2 has a hollow structure, 10 optical fiber line - end positioned within the second hollow portion of the right sweet lever, the other end pin 3 at the right budding shank 2 sweet, sweet left handle structure I is hollow, the upper end of the pin 3 is provided with a left inlet I jaw shank 11, 13 top of the left clamp 12 is provided with a water outlet, water inlet 11 and outlet 12 communicating through the hollow portion I left clamp handle.

[0012] 使用时,将左钳头13和右钳头5置入肾脏内,手握操作左钳柄I和右钳柄2及相应的套环4,打开微型LED灯9和微型摄像头8使其工作,照亮肾盂、肾盏,这样在有光照的情况下,将左钳头13和右钳头5移至结石处并夹住结石,此刻弹性膜7根据结石大小扩张,紧紧兜住结石使其不产生滑动,拉出左钳头13和右钳头5即可从肾盂、肾盏取出结石,此过程同时利用微型摄像头8和光纤导线10传递的数据,医务人员可通过显示器观察肾盂、肾盏内的具体情况,能够准确的操作取石装置进行钳取石头,大大地缩短了取石时间,而且通过显示器的显示能够准确地了解到肾盂、肾盏内是否还有结石残留,避免了术后结石残留现象发生。 [0012] In use, the left and the right clamp 13 clamp 5 into the kidney, operation of the left hand and right clamp jaw lever handle I 2 and respective collar 4, to open the micro-LED lamp 9 and 8 that the micro-camera its work illuminated renal pelvis, calyx, so that in case where there is light, the left and the right clamp 13 moves clamp 5 of the stones and the stones clamped, at the moment the elastic film 7 stone size expansion, closely Douzhu it does not generate stones slide and pull the left and the right clamp 13 from the clamp 5 to renal pelvis, calyx remove the stones, the process data while using micro-camera 8 and the transmission optical fiber line 10, the medical staff can be observed through the display pelvis , the specific situation in the calyces, can accurately operate stone apparatus forceps stone, greatly reducing the stone time, but also to accurately know the renal pelvis, if there is residual stone calyceal by the display monitor, to avoid intraoperative after residual stones occurred.

[0013] 当遇到取石装置周围有血迹影响观测时,可通过注水孔向左钳柄I内注水,左钳头13顶端的出水孔出水清除血迹,方便观测。 [0013] When the observed effects encountered with blood around the stone means through the water injection holes left clamp handle I, the left clamp 13 to the top of the nozzle holes to clear blood outlet, to facilitate observation.

Claims (3)

1.一种可视多功能肾脏取石装置,包括通过销轴连接左钳柄和右钳柄,左钳柄和右钳柄的头端分别一体设有左钳头和右钳头,左钳柄和右钳柄的尾端均设有套环,其特征在于:所述左甜柄和右甜柄均为中空结构,左甜柄和右甜柄的相对面上设有哨合的齿,左甜头和右钳头上均设有孔,左、右钳头的孔处均覆盖有弹性膜,所述右钳头与右钳柄相连接处设有微型摄像头和微型LED灯,微型摄像头和微型LED灯分别通过光纤导线与显示器和电源连接,所述左钳头远离左钳柄一端设置有出水口,左钳柄上设置有进水口。 A kidney stone visible multifunctional apparatus comprising connecting the left and right clamp jaw lever handle by a pin, clamp handle left and right ends of each jaw shank head is integrally provided with left and right clamp clamp, clamp handle left and right trailing end clamp handle has a collar, characterized in that: said left and right handle sweet sweet shank are hollow structure, on opposite sides of the left and right handle sweet sweet post shank provided with teeth engaged, left sweetness and the clincher right head has holes, left, and right clamp hole are covered with an elastic membrane of the right and the right jaw clamp connected to the handle is provided with micro-miniature camera and LED light, micro-miniature camera and LED lights are connected by an optical fiber with a display and a power supply conductor, away from the left of the left clamp jaw is provided with a water outlet end of the shank, the shank is provided on the clincher left water inlet.
2.如权利要求1所述的一种可视多功能肾脏取石装置,其特征在于:所述的弹性膜由医用硅胶制成。 A visual kidney stone multifunctional apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein: said elastic membrane made of medical grade silicone.
3.如权利要求1所述的一种可视多功能肾脏取石装置,其特征在于:所述的左钳头和右钳头为椭圆形、方形或圆形。 A visual kidney stone multifunctional device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: said left and right clamp clamp elliptical, square or round.
CN 201410234948 2014-05-30 2014-05-30 Visible multifunctional kidney stone removing device CN103989503A (en)

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4088134A (en) * 1976-08-05 1978-05-09 Joseph A. Caprini Forceps
DE3006027A1 (en) * 1980-02-18 1981-11-26 Rudolf Dr Med Pfab Kidney-stone surgical forceps - have elastic jaw surface beyond which metal tip protrudes to grip stone
CN202740080U (en) * 2012-08-11 2013-02-20 山东省立医院 Bladder stone forceps
CN202821513U (en) * 2012-08-28 2013-03-27 柳翠萍 Biliary tract lithotomy forceps
CN103431891A (en) * 2013-09-25 2013-12-11 刘丹青 Visible biliarystone removal forceps
CN203354602U (en) * 2013-07-05 2013-12-25 中国人民解放军第三军医大学第二附属医院 Bile duct stone removal device with visual shooting system
CN203852400U (en) * 2014-05-30 2014-10-01 河南科技大学第一附属医院 Multifunctional and visual kidney calculus removing device

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4088134A (en) * 1976-08-05 1978-05-09 Joseph A. Caprini Forceps
DE3006027A1 (en) * 1980-02-18 1981-11-26 Rudolf Dr Med Pfab Kidney-stone surgical forceps - have elastic jaw surface beyond which metal tip protrudes to grip stone
CN202740080U (en) * 2012-08-11 2013-02-20 山东省立医院 Bladder stone forceps
CN202821513U (en) * 2012-08-28 2013-03-27 柳翠萍 Biliary tract lithotomy forceps
CN203354602U (en) * 2013-07-05 2013-12-25 中国人民解放军第三军医大学第二附属医院 Bile duct stone removal device with visual shooting system
CN103431891A (en) * 2013-09-25 2013-12-11 刘丹青 Visible biliarystone removal forceps
CN203852400U (en) * 2014-05-30 2014-10-01 河南科技大学第一附属医院 Multifunctional and visual kidney calculus removing device

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