CN103989182B - A kind of gold rice companion preparation method being rich in crocin and Gardenoside - Google Patents

A kind of gold rice companion preparation method being rich in crocin and Gardenoside Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103989182B
CN103989182B CN201410200189.9A CN201410200189A CN103989182B CN 103989182 B CN103989182 B CN 103989182B CN 201410200189 A CN201410200189 A CN 201410200189A CN 103989182 B CN103989182 B CN 103989182B
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China
Prior art keywords
rice
degreasing
dregs
cape jasmine
crocin
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CN201410200189.9A
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CN103989182A (en
Inventor
庞会利
谷令彪
陈妙源
卢可可
孔令军
秦广雍
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秦广雍
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A21D OR A23B-A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L33/00Modifying nutritive qualities of foods; Dietetic products; Preparation or treatment thereof
    • A23L33/10Modifying nutritive qualities of foods; Dietetic products; Preparation or treatment thereof using additives
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A21D OR A23B-A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L5/00Preparation or treatment of foods or foodstuffs, in general; Food or foodstuffs obtained thereby; Materials therefor
    • A23L5/20Removal of unwanted matter, e.g. deodorisation or detoxification
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A21D OR A23B-A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L7/00Cereal-derived products; Malt products; Preparation or treatment thereof
    • A23L7/10Cereal-derived products

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of preparation method being rich in crocin and Gardenoside rice companion, especially relate to a kind of subcritical abstraction technology that utilizes and prepare the method being rich in the rice companion of crocin and Gardenoside, belong to medicinal food and field of health care food.The preparation method that the present invention adopts comprises degreasing, precipitation and boiling three steps.Liposoluble constituent more than 99.9% in material can extract by subcritical abstraction technology (after degreasing in the dregs of rice oil content below 0.1%), and taking-up can directly use or reprocess further prepares cape jasmine gold rice etc. as rice gold companion; Both ensured that the physiologically active of functional component in extract was not only easy to preserve simultaneously, active ingredient Gardenoside and crocin have also been stored in the dregs of rice, in addition extensive use can be continued, also ensure to extract the comprehensive utilization of " dregs of rice " Middle nutrition composition after fat, there is very wide application prospect.

Description

A kind of gold rice companion preparation method being rich in crocin and Gardenoside
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of gold rice companion preparation method being rich in crocin and Gardenoside, belong to medicinal food and field of health care food.
Technical background
Madder wort cape jasmine (Gardenia jasminoides Ellis) is one of first batch of medicine-food two-purpose resource announced of country, has effect of clearing heart fire relieving restlessness, and successive dynasties medicine masterpiece is all on the books from Compendium of Material Medica to " Chinese Pharmacopoeia " etc.Along with improving constantly of domestic and international living standard and quality, people more and more pay attention to the exploitation of natural medical substance.In recent years, have also discovered crocin constituents (being called Gardenia Yellow) from Chinese conventional Chinese medicine cape jasmine, from cape jasmine, thus extract rare crocin becomes study hotspot.The active ingredient of cape jasmine mainly contains the iridoids such as Gardenoside and Gardenia Yellow (one of main component is crocin) etc. containing oxygen carotenoid, and wherein Gardenoside is the material medicine of the diseases such as treatment cardiovascular and cerebrovascular, liver and gall and diabetes; Containing the crocin of 0.12 ~ 0.25% in cape jasmine ripening fruits, having another name called α-crocin, ALPHA-Crocin, is water-soluble carotenoid compound, has very strong scavenging free radicals, anti-oxidant and active anticancer.Therefore, the comprehensive utilizating research of Efforts To Develop capejasmine extract in medicine food has great importance.
The domestic and international utilization for cape jasmine all the time mainly concentrates on traditional Chinese medicinal material raw materials sale and pigment extracts two main aspects.The investigation and application extracting Gardenoside from cape jasmine is very general, but the research of crocin is then in laboratory stage in cape jasmine, so, develop the value of crocin in cape jasmine, especially the edible health as medicine-food two-purpose resource cape jasmine is worth, and also has very large potentiality to be exploited.
Containing the grease of 18 ~ 25% in ripe cape jasmine fruit, seriously lack the background of edible oil resource in China under, the concern that grease has been subject in industry is extracted from cape jasmine, therefore will produce the degreasing cape jasmine dregs of rice of 75 ~ 80% content, the comprehensive development and utilization of this part cape jasmine dregs of rice is not then also paid close attention to accordingly.Subcritical abstraction grease carries out at normal temperatures, can to reach in the full degreasing dregs of rice residual oil content lower than 0.1%, and in the dregs of rice, water miscible crocin and Gardenoside composition does not lose, and still have very big Development volue; Add the cape jasmine dregs of rice after full degreasing and be easy to storage, advantageously in exploitation.So the present invention makes rice companion by choosing the cape jasmine dregs of rice after degreasing.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is used to the cape jasmine dregs of rice after utilizing the full degreasing of subcritical abstraction technology, and the rice companion of crocin and Gardenoside is rich in comprehensive preparation, fully the method that is worth of exploitation cape jasmine medicine-food two-purpose.Specifically comprise the following steps:
1) subcritical degreasing: cross 40 mesh sieves after choosing the drying of Gardenia Ellis plant material, pulverizing, load airtight degreasing tank, vacuumize, inject appropriate subcritical degreasing solvent extremely by complete for sample submergence, under certain degreasing condition, repeatedly repeat degreasing, until in the dregs of rice residual oil content lower than 0.1% level;
2) precipitation: after degreasing terminates, carries out low vacuum and high vacuum precipitation respectively to the cape jasmine dregs of rice, and in the cape jasmine dregs of rice obtained after precipitation, solvent is lower than 1ppm;
3) the cape jasmine dregs of rice after above-mentioned full degreasing are crossed 200 mesh sieves after crushed; Using the cape jasmine dregs of rice after pulverizing as rice gold companion, according to the cape jasmine dregs of rice: rice ratio is that the mass ratio of 1:15 ~ 30 mixes, and adds appropriate water, cooks.
Described step 1) mass ratio of raw material and degreasing solvent is 1:1 ~ 10.
Described degreasing condition: pressure is 0.1 ~ 0.9MPa, temperature is 10 ~ 60 DEG C, and degreasing time is 10 ~ 40min, and degreasing number of times is 1 ~ 3 time.
Described subcritical fluids organic solvent is at least one in propane, butane, HFC-134a.
Described step 2) solvent reusable edible after precipitation.
Grease more than 99.9% in material can extract by subcritical abstraction technology, after full degreasing in the dregs of rice residual oil content below 0.1%, ensure that the activity of functional component (Gardenoside and crocin) in the dregs of rice is not destroyed, and can directly use or develop further simultaneously.The present invention fully utilizes the cape jasmine dregs of rice after the full degreasing of subcritical abstraction technology, and the dregs of rice after being extracted by grease are turned waste into wealth, and the gold rice companion of crocin and Gardenoside is rich in preparation first both at home and abroad, is a kind of method that abundant exploitation cape jasmine dregs of rice medicine-food two-purpose is worth.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention by the restriction of following embodiment, can not determine concrete embodiment according to the technical scheme of the invention described above and actual conditions.
Embodiment 1, be rich in the preparation of the cape jasmine rice of Gardenoside and crocin
Choose 200g fructus gardeniae raw material and load airtight degreasing tank, vacuumize, inject subcritical butane degreasing solvent by complete for sample submergence, expect molten than 1:10, temperature 25 DEG C, time 30min, carries out twice degreasing.After degreasing terminates, the cape jasmine dregs of rice carry out low vacuum and high vacuum precipitation respectively, the cape jasmine dregs of rice after acquisition precipitation.Get the above-mentioned cape jasmine dregs of rice (residual oil content≤0.1%) of 20g as rice gold companion, carry out pulverizing and cross 200 mesh sieves, mixing with 400g rice and suitable quantity of water, put into electric cooker boiling, till cooking.After steamed rice completes, flavous rice can be obtained.Contrast is not for adding the rice of gold companion, and all the other operations are identical.After steamed rice completes, find through sensory evaluation, add the rice taste of gold companion, perfume (or spice) and all do not change, and color becomes golden yellow, easily causes appetite.Detect through HPLC, containing Gardenoside and crocin in gained cape jasmine rice, its content is respectively 0.1201% and 0.0116%.
Embodiment 2, be rich in the preparation of the cape jasmine rice of Gardenoside and crocin
Choose 240g water cape jasmine raw material and load airtight degreasing tank, vacuumize, inject Propane degreasing solvent by complete for sample submergence, expect molten than 1:12, temperature 20 DEG C, time 25min, carry out three degreasings.After degreasing terminates, low vacuum and high vacuum precipitation are carried out respectively to the cape jasmine dregs of rice, the cape jasmine dregs of rice after the precipitation of acquisition.Get the above-mentioned cape jasmine dregs of rice (residual oil content≤0.1%) of 15g as rice gold companion.Other operations are the same.After steamed rice completes, flavous rice can be obtained.Contrast is not for adding the rice of gold companion, and all the other operations are identical.After steamed rice completes, find through sensory evaluation, add the rice taste of gold companion, perfume (or spice) and all do not change, and color becomes golden yellow.Detect through HPLC, containing Gardenoside 0.0920% and crocin 0.0062% in gained cape jasmine rice.
Finally should to illustrate: above embodiment is only in order to illustrate, and unrestricted technical scheme of the present invention.Although with reference to above-described embodiment to invention has been detailed description, those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that, still can modify to the present invention or equivalent replacement, and not departing from any modification or partial replacement of the spirit and scope of the present invention, it all should be encompassed in the middle of right of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. be rich in a preparation method for crocin and Gardenoside rice companion, its feature comprises the steps:
1) degreasing: cross 40 mesh sieves after choosing the drying of Gardenia Ellis plant material, pulverizing, load airtight degreasing tank, vacuumize, inject appropriate subcritical degreasing solvent to by complete for sample submergence, under certain pressure and degreasing condition, repeatedly repeat degreasing until in the dregs of rice residual oil content lower than 0.1%; 2) precipitation: after degreasing terminates, carries out low vacuum and high vacuum precipitation respectively to the cape jasmine dregs of rice, and in the cape jasmine dregs of rice obtained after precipitation, dissolvent residual content is lower than 1ppm; 3) the cape jasmine dregs of rice after above-mentioned full degreasing are crossed 200 mesh sieves after crushed; Using the cape jasmine dregs of rice after pulverizing as rice gold companion, according to the cape jasmine dregs of rice: rice quality ratio is that the ratio of 1:15 ~ 30 mixes, and adds appropriate water, cooks;
Described subcritical fluids organic solvent is at least one in propane, butane, HFC-134a; Degreasing condition: pressure is 0.1 ~ 0.9MPa, temperature is 10 ~ 60 DEG C, and degreasing time is 10 ~ 40min, and degreasing number of times is 1 ~ 3 time.
2. method according to claim 1, is characterized in that described step 1) mass ratio of raw material and degreasing solvent is 1:1 ~ 10.
3. method according to claim 1, is characterized in that described step 2) solvent reusable edible after precipitation.
CN201410200189.9A 2014-05-13 2014-05-13 A kind of gold rice companion preparation method being rich in crocin and Gardenoside Expired - Fee Related CN103989182B (en)

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CN104381856B (en) * 2014-11-28 2017-09-15 江南大学 A kind of method that pasta is prepared as raw material using gardenia powder and brown rice
CN106260257A (en) * 2016-08-12 2017-01-04 翁学军 A kind of food ingredient and application thereof
CN106360347A (en) * 2016-09-23 2017-02-01 浙江农林大学 Making method of golden texture rice containing whole potato flour and gardenia fruits

Citations (3)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1403124A (en) * 2002-10-19 2003-03-19 吉林省辉南长龙生化药业股份有限公司 Cape jasmine medicine for dredging meridian and reducing blood fat and its prepn
CN101864461A (en) * 2010-03-23 2010-10-20 南京泽朗农业发展有限公司 Process for extracting alpha-crocin from fructus gardeniae
CN101912696A (en) * 2010-09-26 2010-12-15 祁鲲 Subcritical extraction method using liquid ammonia as solvent

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1403124A (en) * 2002-10-19 2003-03-19 吉林省辉南长龙生化药业股份有限公司 Cape jasmine medicine for dredging meridian and reducing blood fat and its prepn
CN101864461A (en) * 2010-03-23 2010-10-20 南京泽朗农业发展有限公司 Process for extracting alpha-crocin from fructus gardeniae
CN101912696A (en) * 2010-09-26 2010-12-15 祁鲲 Subcritical extraction method using liquid ammonia as solvent

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