CN103988668A - Planting method for sweet potatoes - Google Patents

Planting method for sweet potatoes Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103988668A
CN103988668A CN201410179414.5A CN201410179414A CN103988668A CN 103988668 A CN103988668 A CN 103988668A CN 201410179414 A CN201410179414 A CN 201410179414A CN 103988668 A CN103988668 A CN 103988668A
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China
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centimetres
kilograms
potato rattan
potato
rattan
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CN201410179414.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
梁栋
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梁栋
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Priority to CN201410179414.5A priority Critical patent/CN103988668A/en
Publication of CN103988668A publication Critical patent/CN103988668A/en

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Abstract

The invention belongs to the field of planting methods for sweet potatoes. On the aspect of breeding, a vine of a good autumn sweet potato is selected for breeding, and a new root is cultivated on the vine, so that the survival rate is increased and growth is accelerated. On the aspect of field management, deinsectization is carried out before soil ridges are turned over, and rich fertilizer is guaranteed after planting. Through the planting method, the yield is similarly equal to that of sweet potatoes grown in autumn.

Description

A kind of Ipomoea batatas implantation methods

Technical field

The present invention relates to the implantation methods field of Ipomoea batatas, particularly a kind of summer Ipomoea batatas high-yield planting method.

Background technology

Ipomoea batatas is not only balanced in nutrition, and has rarely known by the people prevent inferior health, fat-reducing, fitness and the effect such as anticancer.Ipomoea batatas, claims again pachyrhizus, sweet potato, sweet potato, sweet potato, sweet potato etc., is Convolvulaceae therophytes, is a kind of healthy food of dietotherapeutic.Ipomoea batatas contains dietary fiber, carotin, vitamin A, B, C, E and potassium, iron, copper, selenium, calcium etc. more than 10 plants trace element, and nutritive value is very high, is called the most balanced health food of nutrition by nutritionists.The girl who much likes to be beautiful feels that Ipomoea batatas is very fragrant and sweet, is afraid of to overeat and can get fat.Health-preserving chamber professor Zhang Hude of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine introduces, and eats Ipomoea batatas and not only can not get fat, can lose weight on the contrary, vigorous and graceful, prevent inferior health, catharsis and toxin expelling.Every 100 grams of fresh sweet potatoes only, containing 0.2 gram of fat, produce 99 kilocalories of heat energy, are probably rice 1/3, are good low fat, low calorie food, can effectively stop carbohydrate to become fat again simultaneously, are conducive to fat-reducing, fitness.Ipomoea batatas contains a large amount of dietary fibers, in enteron aisle, cannot digestedly absorb, and can stimulate enteron aisle, strengthens and wriggles, and catharsis and toxin expelling, especially has good curative effect to atonic constipation.

General, output in the summer output in relative autumn of Ipomoea batatas is lower, thereby it is very necessary to find a kind of implantation methods that improves Ipomoea batatas output in summer.

Summary of the invention

Goal of the invention of the present invention is: Ipomoea batatas one provides healthy food, for the high-yield planting of Ipomoea batatas, particularly for summer Ipomoea batatas yield poorly, a kind of method of Ipomoea batatas high-yield planting in summer is provided.

Technical solution of the present invention is: (1) seed selection, after sweet potato harvesting, select healthy and strong potato rattan in the fall, remove blade, retain 2-3 centimetre of petiole, cut and cut by one section, every two joint, the An Feitelin solution of the potato rattan shearing being put into concentration 0.5% soaks 3-4 minute, takes out and dries surface moisture; Be placed in 1.2 meters of heatable adobe sleeping platforms of long 1.5m, wide 1m and the degree of depth, keep flat in hole stacked potato rattan, between every layer of potato rattan, place and be no less than 3 centimetres of thickness river sands, last layer river sand is thick is no less than 15 centimetres, in its surface cover with plastic film;

(2) whole ground, before turning over, every mu with 300 milliliters of phoxims, mixes 20 kilograms of fine earths and evenly apply in field, and while turning over, 25 kilograms of two ammoniums are executed in every mu of field, 10 kilograms of potassium sulfates, ridging, 30 centimetres of row spacings, ridge is high 30 centimetres, 30 centimetres of furrow widths;

(3) transplant, choose potato rattan in (1), have new root one end to plant potato rattan, every potato rattan interval 15-20cm;

(4) management, plants rear 5-7 days, and every mu imposes 5-8 kilogram of carbonic hydroammonium; Plant rear 40-70 days, every mu applies 6 kilograms of potassium sulfates, 5 kilograms, urea;

(5) collect.

In the fall time, that put in order, anosis healthy and strong potato rattan, is the potato kind in order to choose.By the heap buried of potato rattan and river sand being contributed to good potato rattan is saved in to plantation in summer, in river sand heap buried, potato rattan starts to grow new root simultaneously, and these new is conducive to after potato rattan is planted survive and Fast Growth.

Here for yielding poorly summer, potato rattan is adopted to intensive plantation.Apply phoxim and mainly prevent and treat cutworm, wireworm, grub etc.

Beneficial effect of the present invention is: the invention provides a kind of implantation methods that is conducive to Ipomoea batatas plantation in summer high yield and bumper harvest, in breeding, adopt good sweet potato vine breeding in autumn, and accelerated growth by potato rattan first being trained to culture new root increase survival rate.In field management, before being turned over, ridge carries out deinsectization, after plantation, ensure that fertilizer is abundant.By the inventive method in output compared with autumn output suitable.

Embodiment

The invention discloses a kind of Ipomoea batatas implantation methods, comprise (1) seed selection, in the fall after sweet potato harvesting, select healthy and strong potato rattan, remove blade, retain 2-3 centimetre of petiole, cut and cut by one section, every two joint, the An Feitelin solution of the potato rattan shearing being put into concentration 0.5% soaks 3-4 minute, takes out and dries surface moisture; Be placed in 1.2 meters of heatable adobe sleeping platforms of long 1.5m, wide 1m and the degree of depth, keep flat in hole stacked potato rattan, between every layer of potato rattan, place and be no less than 3 centimetres of thickness river sands, last layer river sand is thick is no less than 15 centimetres, in its surface cover with plastic film;

(2) whole ground, before turning over, every mu with 300 milliliters of phoxims, mixes 20 kilograms of fine earths and evenly apply in field, and while turning over, 25 kilograms of two ammoniums are executed in every mu of field, 10 kilograms of potassium sulfates, ridging, 30 centimetres of row spacings, ridge is high 30 centimetres, 30 centimetres of furrow widths;

(3) transplant, choose potato rattan in (1), have new root one end to plant potato rattan, every potato rattan interval 15-20cm;

(4) management, plants rear 5-7 days, and every mu imposes 5-8 kilogram of carbonic hydroammonium; Plant rear 40-70 days, every mu applies 6 kilograms of potassium sulfates, 5 kilograms, urea;

(5) collect.

In the fall time, that put in order, anosis healthy and strong potato rattan, is the potato kind in order to choose.By the heap buried of potato rattan and river sand being contributed to good potato rattan is saved in to plantation in summer, in river sand heap buried, potato rattan starts to grow new root simultaneously, and these new is conducive to after potato rattan is planted survive and Fast Growth.

Here for yielding poorly summer, potato rattan is adopted to intensive plantation.Apply phoxim and mainly prevent and treat cutworm, wireworm, grub etc.

Describe below in conjunction with implementing.

Embodiment 1

(1) seed selection, selects southern potato 88, in the fall after sweet potato harvesting, select healthy and strong potato rattan, remove blade, retain 3 centimetres of petioles, cut and cut by one section, every two joint, the An Feitelin solution of the potato rattan shearing being put into concentration 0.5% soaks 3 minutes, takes out and dries surface moisture; Be placed in 1.2 meters of heatable adobe sleeping platforms of long 1.5m, wide 1m and the degree of depth, keep flat in hole stacked potato rattan, between every layer of potato rattan, place 3 centimetres of thickness river sands, thick 15 centimetres of last layer river sand, in its surface cover with plastic film;

(2) whole ground, before turning over, every mu with 300 milliliters of phoxims, mixes 20 kilograms of fine earths and evenly apply in field, and while turning over, 25 kilograms of two ammoniums are executed in every mu of field, 10 kilograms of potassium sulfates, ridging, 30 centimetres of row spacings, ridge is high 30 centimetres, 30 centimetres of furrow widths;

(3) transplant, choose potato rattan in (1), have new root one end to plant potato rattan, every potato rattan interval 15cm;

(4) management, plants latter 7 days, and every mu imposes 6 kilograms of carbonic hydroammonium; Plant latter 50 days, every mu applies 6 kilograms of potassium sulfates, 5 kilograms, urea.

Embodiment 2

(1) seed selection, selects southern potato 88, in the fall after sweet potato harvesting, select healthy and strong potato rattan, remove blade, retain 2 centimetres of petioles, cut and cut by one section, every two joint, the An Feitelin solution of the potato rattan shearing being put into concentration 0.5% soaks 3 minutes, takes out and dries surface moisture; Be placed in 1.2 meters of heatable adobe sleeping platforms of long 1.5m, wide 1m and the degree of depth, keep flat in hole stacked potato rattan, between every layer of potato rattan, place 4 centimetres of thickness river sands, thick 17 centimetres of last layer river sand, in its surface cover with plastic film;

(2) whole ground, before turning over, every mu with 300 milliliters of phoxims, mixes 20 kilograms of fine earths and evenly apply in field, and while turning over, 25 kilograms of two ammoniums are executed in every mu of field, 10 kilograms of potassium sulfates, ridging, 30 centimetres of row spacings, ridge is high 30 centimetres, 30 centimetres of furrow widths;

(3) transplant, choose potato rattan in (1), have new root one end to plant potato rattan, every potato rattan interval 20m;

(4) management, plants latter 5 days, and every mu imposes 8 kilograms of carbonic hydroammonium; Plant latter 60 days, every mu applies 6 kilograms of potassium sulfates, 5 kilograms, urea.

In other field management, be mainly some necessary deinsectization and weedings, specifically can be with reference to prior art.Above-described embodiment 1,2 all carries out in an experimental field, sandy field, 0.7 mu of cultivated area.

Ipomoea batatas to described experimental field summer, plantation in autumn carries out Statistical Comparison.Wherein autumn plantation from plant difference summer and be: different in breeding.Southern potato 88 directly transplanting potato rattan plantations are selected in plantation in autumn.Other field management are identical.

Autumn is while plantation, to the total 4300kg Ipomoea batatas of experimental field output statistics; In the time of summer, to the total 4170kg Ipomoea batatas of experimental field output statistics.Easily see from output, two season output be more or less the same, meet the needs to sweet potato production increasing good harvest in summer.

Claims (1)

1. an Ipomoea batatas implantation methods, is characterized in that:
(1) seed selection, after sweet potato harvesting, selects healthy and strong potato rattan in the fall, removes blade, retains 2-3 centimetre of petiole, cuts and cuts by one section, every two joint, and the An Feitelin solution of the potato rattan shearing being put into concentration 0.5% soaks 3-4 minute, takes out and dries surface moisture; Be placed in 1.2 meters of heatable adobe sleeping platforms of long 1.5m, wide 1m and the degree of depth, keep flat in hole stacked potato rattan, between every layer of potato rattan, place and be no less than 3 centimetres of thickness river sands, last layer river sand is thick is no less than 15 centimetres, in its surface cover with plastic film;
(2) whole ground, before turning over, every mu with 300 milliliters of phoxims, mixes 20 kilograms of fine earths and evenly apply in field, and while turning over, 25 kilograms of two ammoniums are executed in every mu of field, 10 kilograms of potassium sulfates, ridging, 30 centimetres of row spacings, ridge is high 30 centimetres, 30 centimetres of furrow widths;
(3) transplant, choose potato rattan in (1), have new root one end to plant potato rattan, every potato rattan interval 15-20cm;
(4) management, plants rear 5-7 days, and every mu imposes 5-8 kilogram of carbonic hydroammonium; Plant rear 40-70 days, every mu applies 6 kilograms of potassium sulfates, 5 kilograms, urea;
(5) collect.
CN201410179414.5A 2014-04-30 2014-04-30 Planting method for sweet potatoes CN103988668A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104396490A (en) * 2014-10-31 2015-03-11 颍上县永祥旱粮研究所 Sweet potato seedling-raising method
CN104429484A (en) * 2014-11-12 2015-03-25 安徽省龙海种业有限公司 Method for cultivating sweet potatoes in southwest region
CN106105700A (en) * 2016-07-01 2016-11-16 刘刚 A kind of loessland Radix Ipomoeae implantation methods
CN106134723A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-23 普洱绿海生物开发有限公司 A kind of detoxification implantation methods of gold zone Radix Ipomoeae
CN106305120A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-01-11 袁西和 High yield sweet potato planting method
CN107079700A (en) * 2017-05-18 2017-08-22 何振贤 A kind of method of the organic Sweet Potato For High. yield Production cultivation in hills drought-hit area
CN107691157A (en) * 2017-11-02 2018-02-16 佛山市高明区云大机械科技有限公司 A kind of sweet potato method for culturing seedlings
CN107810728A (en) * 2017-10-18 2018-03-20 赵华勤 A kind of sweet potato high efficiency seedling cultivating method

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CN101647363A (en) * 2009-07-03 2010-02-17 谈发来 Cultivation method of sweet potato
JP2011217611A (en) * 2010-04-02 2011-11-04 National Agriculture & Food Research Organization Method of cultivating sweet potato, cultivation container and agricultural material
CN103210778A (en) * 2013-05-10 2013-07-24 浙江省农业科学院 Production method of sweet potato sprout
CN103563640A (en) * 2013-11-15 2014-02-12 广西天然食品科技有限公司 Sweet potato high-yield planting method
CN103703974A (en) * 2013-12-18 2014-04-09 浙江农林大学 Method for cultivating sweet potatoes

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KR100840064B1 (en) * 2007-03-02 2008-06-19 한국참다래유통사업단영농조합법인 A method for growing eco-agricultural products
CN101647363A (en) * 2009-07-03 2010-02-17 谈发来 Cultivation method of sweet potato
JP2011217611A (en) * 2010-04-02 2011-11-04 National Agriculture & Food Research Organization Method of cultivating sweet potato, cultivation container and agricultural material
CN103210778A (en) * 2013-05-10 2013-07-24 浙江省农业科学院 Production method of sweet potato sprout
CN103563640A (en) * 2013-11-15 2014-02-12 广西天然食品科技有限公司 Sweet potato high-yield planting method
CN103703974A (en) * 2013-12-18 2014-04-09 浙江农林大学 Method for cultivating sweet potatoes

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104396490A (en) * 2014-10-31 2015-03-11 颍上县永祥旱粮研究所 Sweet potato seedling-raising method
CN104429484A (en) * 2014-11-12 2015-03-25 安徽省龙海种业有限公司 Method for cultivating sweet potatoes in southwest region
CN106134723A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-23 普洱绿海生物开发有限公司 A kind of detoxification implantation methods of gold zone Radix Ipomoeae
CN106105700A (en) * 2016-07-01 2016-11-16 刘刚 A kind of loessland Radix Ipomoeae implantation methods
CN106305120A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-01-11 袁西和 High yield sweet potato planting method
CN107079700A (en) * 2017-05-18 2017-08-22 何振贤 A kind of method of the organic Sweet Potato For High. yield Production cultivation in hills drought-hit area
CN107079700B (en) * 2017-05-18 2020-09-01 何振贤 High-yield cultivation method of organic sweet potatoes in hilly and arid regions
CN107810728A (en) * 2017-10-18 2018-03-20 赵华勤 A kind of sweet potato high efficiency seedling cultivating method
CN107691157A (en) * 2017-11-02 2018-02-16 佛山市高明区云大机械科技有限公司 A kind of sweet potato method for culturing seedlings

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Application publication date: 20140820