CN103986517A - Method and system for transmitting information through dynamic two-dimensional image information - Google Patents

Method and system for transmitting information through dynamic two-dimensional image information Download PDF

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CN103986517A
CN103986517A CN 201410241293 CN201410241293A CN103986517A CN 103986517 A CN103986517 A CN 103986517A CN 201410241293 CN201410241293 CN 201410241293 CN 201410241293 A CN201410241293 A CN 201410241293A CN 103986517 A CN103986517 A CN 103986517A
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information
dimensional
image
images
array
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CN 201410241293
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CN103986517B (en )
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张效义
朱环宇
邬江兴
于宏毅
刘洛琨
张剑
朱义君
仵国锋
田忠骏
付红双
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中国人民解放军信息工程大学
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Abstract

The invention discloses a method and system for transmitting information through dynamic two-dimensional image information. The method includes the steps that according to information carrying capacity of each frame of a set imaging array, information to be sent is converted into multi-frame two-dimensional image driving information; the imaging array is controlled to sequentially display multiple frames of two-dimensional images according to the two-dimensional image driving information; the display state of the imaging array is sampled to obtain the two-dimensional images, and the sampling speed is higher than or equal to two times of the frame conversion speed of the two-dimensional images; the two-dimensional images are demodulated, and thus the information to be sent is obtained. Through the technical scheme, the information transmission amount and the transmission speed of visible light communication are increased.

Description

一种采用动态二维图像信息进行信息传输的方法及系统 Two-dimensional image information of one kind of dynamic information transmission method and system

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及可见光通讯技术领域,更具体地说,涉及一种采用动态二维图像信息进行信息传输的方法及系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to a visible light communication technology, and more particularly, to a method and system for dynamic two-dimensional image information transmitting information.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 可见光通讯是一种在发光二极管(LED发光器件)技术上发展起来的新型的、短距离高速无线通讯技术。 [0002] A visible light communication is a light emitting diode (LED light-emitting device) technology developed a new type of high-speed short-range wireless communication technology. 可见光通信的基本原理就是利用发光二极管比荧光灯和白炽灯切换速度快的特点,通过LED发光器件光源的高频闪烁来进行通信,有光代表1,无光代表0,发出高速的光信号,经过光电转换而获取信息。 The basic principle is to use visible light communication speed ratio of the light emitting diode switching characteristics of fluorescent and incandescent lamps, to communicate via a high frequency flashing light source LED light-emitting device, the light represents 1, represents 0 matt, high-speed optical signal is emitted, through photoelectric conversion and access to information.

[0003] 可见光通信因为其数据不易被干扰和捕获,光通信设备制作简单且不易损坏和消磁,可以用来制作无线光加密钥匙。 [0003] The visible light communication data because it can not easily be captured and interference, the optical communication device produced simply and easily damaged and demagnetization can be used to produce optical wireless encryption key. 与微波技术相比,可见光通信技术有相当丰富的频谱资源,这是一般微波通信和无线通信无法比拟的;同时可见光通信可以使用任何通信协议、适用于任何环境;在安全方面,其相比于传统的磁性材料,无需担心消磁问题,更不必担心通信内容被别人窃取;无线光通信的设备假设灵活边界,且成本低廉,适合大规模的普及与应用。 Compared with microwave technology, visible light communication technology has extensive spectrum resources, which is generally of microwave communications and wireless communication can not be compared; while the visible light communication may use any communication protocol, suitable for any environment; in terms of security, as compared to traditional magnetic material without worrying about degaussing problem, not to worry about the communication content stolen by others; wireless optical communication equipment assumptions flexible boundary, and low cost, suitable for large-scale popularization and application.

[0004] 但是,可见光通讯受到LED发光器件调制带宽的限制,单个LED发光器件进行光通讯时信息传输量小,信息传递效率低。 [0004] However, visible light communication by the light emitting device LED modulation bandwidth limitations, optical communication when a small amount of information transmitted single LED devices, information transmission efficiency is low. 如何提高光通讯过程中信息的传输量以及传递效率是当前亟待解决的问题。 How to improve the transmission capacity and the transmission efficiency of optical communication of information during the current problems to be solved.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 为解决上述技术问题,本发明提供一种采用动态二维图像信息进行信息传输的方法及系统,提高了可见光通讯的信息传输量和传递效率。 [0005] To solve the above problems, the present invention provides a dynamic two-dimensional image information transmission method and system information, and improve the transmission efficiency of information transmission quantity of visible light communication.

[0006] 为实现上述目的,本发明提供如下技术方案: [0006] To achieve the above object, the present invention provides the following technical solutions:

[0007] 一种采用动态二维图像信息进行信息传输的方法,该信息传输方法包括: [0007] A two-dimensional image information is dynamic information transmission method, the information transmission method comprising:

[0008] 按照设定成像阵列的每一帧的信息承载量将待发送信息转换为多帧的二维图像驱动信息; [0008] The information carrying capacity of each frame is set to be transmitted to the imaging array of two-dimensional image information into a plurality of frames of the driving information;

[0009] 根据所述二维图像驱动信息控制所述成像阵列依次显示多帧二维图像; [0009] The two-dimensional image information for controlling the driving of the imaging array to sequentially display a plurality of frames of two-dimensional images;

[0010] 对所述成像阵列的显示状态进行采样,获取所述二维图像,所述采样的速度大于或等于所述二维图像的帧变换速度的二倍; [0010] for a display state of the imaging array of samples, acquiring the two-dimensional image of the sample is greater than or equal to twice the speed of the two-dimensional image of a frame rate conversion;

[0011] 对所述二维图像进行解调处理,进而获取所述待发送信息。 [0011] demodulation process of the two-dimensional image, thereby acquiring information to be transmitted.

[0012] 优选的,在上述方法中,所述成像阵列包括设置在所述成像阵列三个顶角的锚点区域,位于所述成像阵列同一边的两个锚点间设置有同步带,所述同步带包括第一显示状态以及第二显示状态; [0012] Preferably, in the method described above, the imaging array disposed in said imaging array comprises three apex anchor region, located in said imaging array disposed between two anchors with the timing belt side, the said belt comprising a first display state and a second display state;

[0013] 在控制所述成像阵列显示多帧二维图像时,所述锚点显示状态不改变,在相邻的两帧二维图像中,前一帧的二维图像与后一帧的二维图像的同步带的显示状态不相同。 [0013] When the control of the imaging array to display frames of two-dimensional images, the anchor display state does not change, two adjacent two-dimensional image, two-dimensional image of the previous frame and two rear frame the belt-dimensional image display state is not the same.

[0014] 优选的,在上述方法中,在进行解调处理之前还包括:[0015] 对获取的所述二维图像进行几何校正,消除所述二维图像的几何畸变。 [0014] Preferably, in the above method, prior to performing the demodulation process further comprises: [0015] the two-dimensional image acquired geometric correction to eliminate geometric distortion of the two-dimensional image.

[0016] 优选的,在上述方法中,所述对所述二维图像进行解调处理包括: [0016] Preferably, in the above method, the demodulation processing of the two-dimensional image comprising:

[0017] 根据获取的所述二维图像的锚点区域确定所述二维图像的有效信息区域; [0017] determining an effective area of ​​the two-dimensional image information according to the anchor region of the two-dimensional image acquired;

[0018] 根据获取的所述二维图像的同步带显示状态去除所述二维图像中的冗余图像,使得采样得到的二维图像与成像阵列显示的二维图像一一对应,实现信息同步; [0018] The belt of the two-dimensional image acquired by removing redundant image display state of the two-dimensional image, so that the one-dimensional image obtained by sampling two-dimensional image display of the imaging array, to achieve synchronization information ;

[0019] 对信息同步后的二维图像依次进行解调处理,获取所述待发送信息。 [0019] The two-dimensional image information of the synchronization sequence demodulation processing, acquiring the information to be transmitted.

[0020] 优选的,在上述方法中,所述采样速度为所述二维图像的帧变换速度的二倍。 [0020] Preferably, in the above method, the sampling rate is twice the frame rate conversion of the two-dimensional image.

[0021] 优选的,在上述方法中,所述成像阵列为LED阵列显示面板或液晶显示面板。 [0021] Preferably, in the above method, the imaging array is an LED array or a liquid crystal display panel, the display panel.

[0022] 本发明还提供了一种采用动态二维图像信息进行信息传输的系统,该信息传输系统包括:图像生成模块、图像采集模块以及信息检测模块; [0022] The present invention also provides a system for dynamic two-dimensional image information transmitting information, the information transmission system comprising: an image generating module, an image information acquisition module and a detection module;

[0023] 所述图像生成模块用于按照设定成像阵列的每一帧的信息承载量将待发送信息转换为多帧的二维图像驱动信息,根据所述二维图像驱动信息控制所述成像阵列依次显示多帧二维图像; [0023] The image generation module for each frame in accordance with the information carrying capacity of the set imaging array conversion information to be transmitted to the driving information of the multi-dimensional image frame, based on the two-dimensional image information control driving the imaging a two-dimensional array of a plurality of frames are sequentially displayed images;

[0024] 所述图像采集模块用于对所述成像阵列的显示状态进行采样,获取所述二维图像,所述图像采集模块的采样速度大于或等于所述二维图像的帧变换速度的二倍; [0024] The image acquisition module for displaying a state of sampling of the imaging array, acquiring the two-dimensional image, the image acquisition module sampling speed is equal to or greater than the frame rate converting two-dimensional images of the two times;

[0025] 所述信息检测模块用于对所述二维图像进行解调处理,进而获取所述待发送信 The [0025] information detection means for demodulating said two-dimensional image processing, and further obtains the transmission signal to be

肩、O Shoulder, O

[0026] 优选的,在上述系统中,所述成像阵列包括设置在所述成像阵列三个顶角的锚点区域,位于所述成像阵列同一边的两个锚点间设置有同步带,所述同步带包括第一显示状态以及第二显示状态; [0026] Preferably, in the above system, the imaging array disposed in said imaging array comprises three apex anchor region, located in said imaging array disposed between two anchors with the timing belt side, the said belt comprising a first display state and a second display state;

[0027] 在控制所述成像阵列显示多帧二维图像时,所述图像生成模块用于控制所述锚点的显示状态不改变,在相邻的两帧二维图像中,控制前一帧的二维图像与后一帧的二维图像的同步带的显示状态不相同。 [0027] When the control of the imaging array to display frames of two-dimensional images, the image generation module for controlling the display state of the anchor point does not change, two adjacent two-dimensional image, a front control the display state of the belt-dimensional image of the two-dimensional image of the subsequent frame is not the same.

[0028] 优选的,在上述系统中,所述图像采集模块还用于对获取的所述二维图像进行几何校正,消除所述二维图像的几何畸变。 [0028] Preferably, in the above system, the image acquisition module is further configured to obtain the two-dimensional image of the geometric correction to eliminate geometric distortion of the two-dimensional image.

[0029] 优选的,在上述系统中,所述信息检测模块包括: [0029] Preferably, in the above system, the information detection module comprises:

[0030] 定位单元,所述定位单元用于根据获取的所述二维图像的锚点区域确定所述二维图像的有效信息区域; [0030] The positioning unit, the positioning unit according to the anchor region of the two-dimensional image information acquired determining the effective region of the two-dimensional image;

[0031] 信息同步单元,所述信息同步单元用于根据获取的所述二维图像的同步带显示状态去除所述二维图像中的冗余图像,使得采样得到的二维图像与成像阵列显示的二维图像 [0031] The synchronization unit information, the synchronization information acquiring unit according to the two-dimensional image of the belt to remove redundant image display state of the two-dimensional image, so that the two-dimensional image obtained by sampling display imaging array the two-dimensional image

对应,实现信息同步; Correspondence, to achieve synchronization of information;

[0032] 解调处理单元,所述解调处理单元用于对信息同步后的二维图像依次进行解调处理,获取所述待发送信息。 [0032] The demodulation processing unit, a demodulation processing unit for the two-dimensional image information of the synchronous demodulation process sequentially acquire the information to be transmitted.

[0033] 优选的,在上述系统中,所述图像采集模块的采样速度为所述二维图像的帧变换 [0033] Preferably, in the above system, the sampling rate of the image acquisition module for transforming the two-dimensional image frame

速度的二倍。 Twice the speed.

[0034] 优选的,在上述系统中,所述成像阵列为LED阵列显示面板或液晶显示面板。 [0034] Preferably, in the above system, the imaging array is an LED array or a liquid crystal display panel, the display panel.

[0035] 从上述技术方案可以看出,本发明所提供的采用动态二维图像信息进行信息传输的方法包括:按照设定成像阵列的每一帧的信息承载量将待发送信息转换为多帧的二维图像驱动信息;根据所述二维图像驱动信息控制所述成像阵列依次显示多帧二维图像;对所述成像阵列的显示状态进行采样,获取所述二维图像,所述采样的速度大于或等于所述二维图像的帧变换速度的二倍;对所述二维图像进行解调处理,进而获取所述待发送信息。 [0035] As can be seen from the above technical solutions, the present invention provides dynamic information of two-dimensional image information transmission method comprising: The information carrying capacity of each frame is set to be transmitted to the imaging array information is converted into a plurality of frames drive two-dimensional image information; two-dimensional image based on said drive control information said plurality of frames of the imaging array of two-dimensional images sequentially displayed; performing display state of the imaging array of samples, acquiring the two-dimensional image of the sample speed is greater than or equal twice the frame rate two-dimensional image conversion; two-dimensional image of the demodulation processing, thereby acquiring the information to be transmitted. 可见,所述信息方法通过成像阵列进行可见光通讯,提高了可见光通讯的信息传输量以及传递速度。 Visible, the visible light communication method information through the imaging array, and increase the transmission speed of information transmission amount of the visible light communication.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0036] 为了更清楚地说明本发明实施例或现有技术中的技术方案,下面将对实施例或现有技术描述中所需要使用的附图作简单地介绍,显而易见地,下面描述中的附图仅仅是本发明的一些实施例,对于本领域普通技术人员来讲,在不付出创造性劳动的前提下,还可以根据这些附图获得其他的附图。 [0036] In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions in the embodiments or the prior art embodiment of the present invention, briefly introduced hereinafter, embodiments are described below in the accompanying drawings or described in the prior art needed to be used in describing the embodiments the drawings are only some embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art is concerned, without creative efforts, can derive from these drawings other drawings.

[0037] 图1为本发明实施例提供的一种采用动态二维图像信息进行信息传输的方法的流程示意图; Flow of the method [0037] FIG. 1 embodiment of the present invention to provide a dynamic two-dimensional image information transmitting information schematic;

[0038] 图2为本发明实施例提供的一种成像阵列的结构示意图; [0038] FIG. 2 is a schematic structure of an imaging array according to an embodiment of the present invention;

[0039] 图3为本发明实施例提供的一种对二维图像进行解调处理的方法流程示意图; [0039] FIG. 3 is a schematic flow of a method embodiment of the two-dimensional image provided by the demodulation process embodiment of the invention;

[0040]图4为本发明实施例提供的一种采用动态二维图像信息进行信息传输的传输系统的结构示意图。 [0040] FIG. 4 embodiment provides a dynamic two-dimensional image information of the schematic structure of a transmission system of the present invention, transmission of information.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0041] 下面将结合本发明实施例中的附图,对本发明实施例中的技术方案进行清楚、完整地描述,显然,所描述的实施例仅仅是本发明一部分实施例,而不是全部的实施例。 [0041] below in conjunction with the present invention in the accompanying drawings, technical solutions of embodiments of the present invention are clearly and completely described, obviously, the described embodiments are merely part of embodiments of the present invention, but not all embodiments example. 基于本发明中的实施例,本领域普通技术人员在没有做出创造性劳动前提下所获得的所有其他实施例,都属于本发明保护的范围。 Based on the embodiments of the present invention, all other embodiments of ordinary skill in the art without any creative effort shall fall within the scope of the present invention.

[0042] 正如背景技术中所述,如何提高光通讯过程中信息的传输量以及传递效率是当前亟待解决的问题。 [0042] As described in the background art, how to improve the transmission efficiency and the amount of transmission light during communication of information it is currently a serious problem.

[0043] 发明人研究发现,可以利用成像阵列进行可见光通讯,这样可以创造出多个并行通讯的空间信道,有效利用这些并行的空间信道进行数据传输可以提高数据传输量以及传递速率。 [0043] The inventors have found that, with the imaging array may be visible light communication, this can create a plurality of parallel spatial channels of communication, effective use of these parallel spatial channels for data transmission may increase the data transmission amount and the transmission rate.

[0044] 将待发送的信息通过成像阵列进行多帧动态的二维图像显示,获取所述二维图像后,并通过信息解调可获取所述待发送信息,相对于单个LED发光器件的可见光通讯,提高了信息传输量以及信息传递速度。 [0044] The information to be transmitted by the imaging array of a plurality of frames of two-dimensional moving image display, after acquiring the two-dimensional image can be obtained by demodulating the information to be transmitted information, relative to a single visible light LED devices communication, improve the amount of information transmission and information transfer speed.

[0045] 基于上述研究,本申请一个实施例提供了一种采用动态二维图像信息进行信息传输的方法,参考图1,该方法包括: [0045] Based on the above, an embodiment of the present application provides a method for dynamic two-dimensional image information transmitting information, with reference to FIG. 1, the method comprising:

[0046] 步骤S1:按照设定成像阵列的每一帧的信息承载量将所述待发送信息转换为多帧的二维图像驱动信息。 [0046] Step S1: The information carrying capacity of each frame is set to the imaging array of information to be transmitted is converted into a two-dimensional image information of the multi-frame driving.

[0047] 所述待发送信息可以为视频信息、声音信息、图像信息或文字信息,但不局限于上述信息类型。 [0047] The information may be transmitted as video information, audio information, image information or text information, but is not limited to the above types of information.

[0048] 本实施例通过成像阵列的二维图像进行信息传递,而对于设定的成像阵列其每一帧图像的信息传输量是设定的,而待发送信息包括大量的数据信息,因此,需要将将所述待发送信息根据所述成像阵列的每一帧图像的承载量转换为多帧的二维图像驱动信息。 [0048] This embodiment will be transmitted through the two-dimensional image information of the imaging array, imaging array and for setting an amount of the transmission information is set for each frame image, and information to be transmitted includes a number of data information, therefore, It needs to be transmitted to the two-dimensional image information into a plurality of frames of information in accordance with the driving load amount of each frame image of the imaging array. 如果所述待发送信息包括的数据信息较少,只需将其转换为一帧二维图像驱动信息即可。 If less data to be transmitted includes information, just to convert it to a two-dimensional image information to the drive.

[0049] 所述待发送信息可以通过信息转换技术转换为二维图像驱动信息,用于驱动成像阵列进行二维图像显示。 [0049] The information to be transmitted may be driven by the conversion of information into two-dimensional image information for driving the image display two-dimensional imaging array. 所述二维图像驱动信息可以为二进制数据或是四进制数据或是十六进制数据。 Driving the two-dimensional image information may be binary data or quaternary data or hexadecimal data. 即所述二维图像驱动信息可以为2"进制数据,其中,η为正整数。 I.e., the two-dimensional image information may drive 2 "binary data, where, [eta] is a positive integer.

[0050] 步骤S2:根据所述二维图像驱动信息控制所述成像阵列依次显示多帧二维图像。 [0050] Step S2: According to the two-dimensional image information for controlling the driving of the imaging array to sequentially display a plurality of frames of two-dimensional images.

[0051] 在不同帧的二维图像驱动信息下,所述成像阵列进行不同帧的二维图像显示。 Dimensional image [0051] In the two-dimensional image information of different frames of driving the imaging array in different frames of display.

[0052] 所述成像阵列可以为LED阵列显示面板或是液晶显示面板,在本实施例中以LED阵列显示面板为例进行说明。 [0052] The imaging array may be an array of LED display panel or liquid crystal display panel, an LED array embodiment of the display panel will be described as an example in the present embodiment.

[0053] 当所述显示阵列为LED阵列显示面板时,所述成像阵列中包含多个阵列排布的LED发光器件,根据所述二维图像驱动信息控制所述LED发光器件的电压,进而可以控制所述LED发光器件的发光强度,进而控制所述成像阵列整体的图像显示。 [0053] When the display is an LED array of a display panel array, said imaging array comprising a plurality of LED arrays arranged in a light emitting device, driving voltage according to the two-dimensional image information for controlling the LED light emitting device, and thus can controlling the emission intensity of the LED light emitting device, and thus the entire image display controlling the imaging array.

[0054] 如所述二维图像驱动信息为二进制数据时,可以通过高电平与低电平(零电压)两种电压控制各个LED发光器件仅具有亮与不亮两个显示状态,使得各个LED发光器件在高电平时亮,在低电平时不亮。 When [0054] The driving of the two-dimensional image information into binary data, by high and low (zero voltage) two kinds of voltage control individual LED light and the light emitting device having only two Off display state, so that the respective LED light emitting device at a high level, it does not shine at the low level.

[0055] 当所述二维图像驱动信息为2η进制数据时,η≥2,只需将上述高电平分为2η_1份,使得所述LED在非零电压下具有2n-l种不同亮度的显示状态,加上零电压下的不亮状态即可共有2n种显示状态。 [0055] When the two-dimensional image information 2η binary driving data, η≥2, just above the high level 2η_1 into parts, so that the LED has 2n-l at different luminance non-zero voltage display state, plus Off state in the zero voltage state to a total of 2n kinds of display.

[0056] 本实施中所述二维图像驱动信息为四进制数据,可用于驱动所述LED发光器件具有四种不同的显示状态,相比于二进制数据,降低了成像阵列进行图像显示时编码冗余,提高了信息传递量,同时驱动相对简单易于实现。 [0056] In the present embodiment the two-dimensional image information to the driving quaternary data, may be used to drive the LED light emitting device having four different display state, compared to the binary data to reduce the displayed image when the imaging array encoding redundancy, improving the amount of information transmitted, while the drive is relatively simple to implement.

[0057] 如果所述二维图像驱动信息仅为一帧图像,只需控制所述成像阵列对应显示一帧二维图像即可。 [0057] If only the two-dimensional image information of an image driving, simply controlling the imaging array corresponding to a two-dimensional image can be displayed. 如果所述二维图像驱动信息具有多帧二维图像,则需要以设定的帧变换速度,依次控制所述LED显示多帧二维图像。 If the two-dimensional image information having a plurality of driving a two-dimensional image frame, it is necessary to set the frame rate conversion, in turn controls the LED display a two-dimensional multi-frame image.

[0058] 所述成像阵列包括设置在所述成像阵列三个顶角的锚点区域,位于所述成像阵列同一边的两个锚点间设置有同步带,所述同步带包括第一显示状态以及第二显示状态; [0058] The imaging array disposed in said imaging array comprises three apex anchor region, located in said imaging array disposed between two anchors with the timing belt side, said belt comprising a first display state and a second display state;

[0059] 在控制所述成像阵列显示多帧二维图像时,所述锚点显示状态不改变,在相邻的两帧二维图像中,前一帧的二维图像与后一帧的二维图像的同步带的显示状态不相同。 [0059] When the control of the imaging array to display frames of two-dimensional images, the anchor display state does not change, two adjacent two-dimensional image, two-dimensional image of the previous frame and two rear frame the belt-dimensional image display state is not the same.

[0060] 参考图2,图2为本实施所述LED阵列显示面板的结构示意图,所述LED阵列显示面板为64X64的LED阵列,包括4096个LED发光器件显示器件。 [0060] Referring to FIG 2, which illustrates a schematic structural view of the LED array of the display panel embodiment, the LED array as the LED array 64X64 display panel, comprising a light emitting device 4096 LED display device. 其三个顶角分别设置有具有3X3个LED发光器件的锚点区域1,锚点区域2,锚点区域3,位于。 Its three apex regions are respectively provided with an anchor having a 3X3 LED lighting device 1, the anchor regions 2, 3 anchor region, located. 位于LED阵列同一边的两个锚点间设置有同步带,所述同步带包括:同步带5和同步带4。 An LED array located between two anchors with one side provided with a belt, said belt comprising: a belt 5 and the belt 4. 每个同步带包括位于同一条直线上的61个LED发光器件。 Each belt 61 includes LED devices on the same line.

[0061] 通过所述锚点区域可以定位所述LED阵列的显示区域,设置所有锚点区域的在进行图像显示时显示状态不变,对于具有3X3个LED发光器件的锚点区域,设置所述锚点的显示状态为中间的LED发光器件为最亮,位于中间LED发光器件四周的八个ELD发光器件为不売。 [0061] The anchors may be positioned through the display region of the LED array, all the anchor points provided when the image display area when the display state change, for 3X3 anchor region having a LED lighting device, provided the an intermediate display state anchor LED lighting device is brightest, the middle LED lighting device around the eight light-emitting device is not bai ELD.

[0062] 所述同步带包括第一显示状态以及第二显示状态,通过所述同步带可以确定两帧二维图像是否是相邻的两帧二维图像,在驱动所述LED阵列显示面板进行多帧二维图像显示时,同一帧的二维图像的同步带显示状态相同,相邻的两帧二维图像中同步带显示状态不同。 [0062] The belt includes a first display state and a second display state, the belt may be determined by two-dimensional image whether the adjacent two-dimensional image, to drive the LED array in display panel when the two-dimensional image display multi-frame, two-dimensional images of the same frame timing belt show the same state, two adjacent two-dimensional image display timing belt different states. 可以设置所述第一显示状态为不亮,所述第二显示状态为最亮。 May be provided as the first display state is not lit, the display state is the second brightest.

[0063] 对于64X64的成像阵列除去三个锚点区域以及两个同步带,还有3947个LED发光器件可以用于填充所述二维图像驱动信息,即此时所述成像阵列每帧图像有3947个像素点。 [0063] For removing the three regions and two belt anchors, as well as LED lighting device 3947 64X64 imaging array may be used to fill a two-dimensional image of the driving information, i.e., the case the imaging array each image frame has 3947 pixels.

[0064] 需要说明的是,当采用液晶显示面板作为所述成像阵列时,可通过控制所述液晶显示面板的各个像素单元的显示状态使得依次显示多帧二维图像。 [0064] Incidentally, when the liquid crystal display panel employed as the imaging array, by controlling the state of each liquid crystal display panel pixel units are sequentially displayed such that a plurality of frames of two-dimensional images.

[0065] 步骤S3:对所述成像阵列的显示状态进行采样,获取所述二维图像,所述采样的速度大于或等于所述二维图像的帧变换速度的二倍。 [0065] Step S3: display state of the imaging array is sampled, the acquired two-dimensional image, the sampling rate is equal to or greater than twice the frame rate converting two-dimensional image.

[0066] 控制所述采样的速度大于或等于所述二维图像的帧变换速度,以使得所述成像阵列在显示多帧二维图像时,将成像阵列所有显示的二维图像都采集,避免遗漏成像阵列的显示状态。 [0066] The control of the sampling speed is greater than or equal to the frame rate converting two-dimensional images, the imaging array such that when displaying a plurality of frames of two-dimensional images, the image display of two-dimensional imaging array are all collected, avoiding omission display state imaging array. 具体的,所述采样速度可以等于所述二维图像的帧变换速度的二倍。 Specifically, the sampling rate may be equal to twice the frame rate conversion of the two-dimensional image.

[0067] 步骤S4:对所述二维图像进行解调处理,进而获取所述待发送信息。 [0067] Step S4: demodulating said two-dimensional image processing, thereby acquiring the information to be transmitted.

[0068] 由于在获取所述二维图像时,不能完全保证图像采集装置与所述成像阵列正对设置,所以获取的成像阵列的显示图像可能存在几何畸变。 [0068] Since in acquiring the two-dimensional image, the image pickup apparatus can not guarantee the imaging array disposed on the positive, the display image may be acquired by the imaging array of geometrical distortions. 故在进行解调处理之前还包括:对获取的所述二维图像进行几何校正,消除所述二维图像的几何畸变。 Therefore, prior to demodulation processing further comprises: obtaining two-dimensional images of the geometric correction to eliminate geometric distortion of the two-dimensional image. 可采用图像处理领域的数学变化进行所述几何校正,如可以采用HOUGH变换原理进行几何校正。 Mathematical image processing can be change the geometric correction, such as the principle HOUGH transform geometric correction may be employed.

[0069] 参考图3,所述对所述二维图像进行解调处理包括: [0069] Referring to FIG 3, the demodulation processing of the two-dimensional image comprising:

[0070] 步骤S41:根据获取的所述二维图像的锚点区域确定所述二维图像的有效信息区域。 [0070] Step S41: determining the effective two-dimensional image information region based on the anchor regions of the two-dimensional image acquired.

[0071] 在采用图像采集装置获取所述成像阵列的显示图像时,势必会将成像阵列周围环境图像一并采集到,即采集的二维图像信息存在环境信息干扰。 [0071] When using an image acquisition device acquires a display image of the imaging array, the array is bound to the surrounding environment of the image forming will be collectively acquired, i.e., the presence of interference environment information acquired two-dimensional image information. 因此,此时首先需要根据所述锚点区域确定每一帧二维图像的有效显示区域。 Thus, this case is first necessary to determine the effective region of each frame of the two-dimensional display image in accordance with the anchor region.

[0072] 步骤S42:根据获取的所述二维图像的同步带显示状态去除所述二维图像中的冗余图像,使得采样得到的二维图像与所述成像阵列显示的二维图像一一对应,实现信息同 [0072] Step S42: The timing belt of the two-dimensional image acquired by removing redundant image display state of the two-dimensional image, so that the two-dimensional image obtained by sampling the two-dimensional image and the display of the imaging array eleven correspondence, information with

止/J/ O Stop / J / O

[0073] 由于所述采样的速度大于所述二维图像的帧变换速度,这样会导致成像阵列的同一帧二维图像被采集多次,因此,此时根据所述同步带的显示状态可以去除被重复采集的二维图像,使得采集的二维图图像与成像阵列显示的多帧二维图像一一对应,实现信息同步。 [0073] Since the sampling rate is greater than the frame rate converting two-dimensional image, this will cause the two-dimensional image of the same frame imaging array are acquired a plurality of times, therefore, when the display state according to the timing belt may be removed two-dimensional image is repeatedly acquired, such that a plurality of frames captured one-dimensional image and two-dimensional imaging array of FIG display image to achieve the synchronization information. 如果采集相邻的二维图像的同步带显示状态相同,即可判定为重复采集的二维图像,仅采用其中一帧图像即可。 If adjacent two-dimensional image acquisition timing belt show the same state, it can be determined that the two-dimensional image acquisition is repeated, using only one frame image can.

[0074] 步骤S43:对信息同步后的二维图像依次进行解调处理,获取所述待发送信息。 [0074] Step S43: two-dimensional image information of the synchronization sequence demodulation processing, acquiring the information to be transmitted.

[0075] 经过信息同步后的二维图像与成像阵列显示的多帧二维图像一一对应,此时进行信息解调处理即可获得所述待发送信息。 [0075] After more than one-dimensional image frame with a two-dimensional image information of the imaging array display in synchronization, this time information can be obtained demodulation processing information to be transmitted.

[0076] 通过上述描述可知,本实施例所述信息传输方法通过成像阵列进行的动态二维图像进行数据传输,提高了信息传输量以及传递速度。 [0076] apparent from the above description, the present embodiment perform data transmission embodiment of the moving two-dimensional image information transmission method performed by the imaging array, and increase the transmission speed of information transmission amount.

[0077] 基于上述实施例,本申请另一个实施例还提供了一种采用动态二维图像信息进行信息传输的系统,参考图3,该系统包括:图像生成模块6、图像采集模块7以及信息检测模块8。 [0077] Based on the above embodiments, another embodiment of the present application also provides a dynamic two-dimensional image information of the information transmission system, with reference to FIG. 3, the system comprising: an image generation module 6, and the image information acquisition module 7 detecting module 8.

[0078] 所述图像生成模块6用于按照设定成像阵列的每一帧的信息承载量将所述待发送信息转换为多帧的二维图像驱动信息,根据所述二维图像驱动信息控制所述成像阵列依次显示多帧二维图像。 [0078] The image generation module 6 according to the information carrying capacity of each frame is set to the imaging array conversion information to be transmitted to the driving information of the multi-dimensional image frame, based on the two-dimensional image information control drive the imaging array of a plurality of frames to sequentially display two-dimensional images.

[0079] 所述图像采集模块7用于对所述成像阵列的显示状态进行采样,获取所述二维图像,所述图像采集模块的采样速度大于或等于所述二维图像的帧变换速度的二倍。 [0079] The image acquisition module 7 for sampling display state of the imaging array, acquiring the two-dimensional image, the image acquisition module sampling speed is equal to or greater than the frame rate converting two-dimensional images of twice. 优选的,所述图像采集模块的采样速度等于所述二维图像的帧变换速度的二倍。 Preferably, the sampling rate is equal to the image acquisition module converting the frame rate two-dimensional image twice.

[0080] 所述信息检测模块8用于对所述二维图像进行解调处理,进而获取所述待发送信 The [0080] information detecting module 8 for demodulating two-dimensional image processing, and further obtains the transmission signal to be

肩、O Shoulder, O

[0081] 如上述是实施例所述,所述成像阵列包括设置在所述成像阵列三个顶角的锚点区域,位于所述成像阵列同一边的两个锚点间设置有同步带,所述同步带包括第一显示状态以及第二显示状态。 [0081] As described in the above embodiments is, the imaging array disposed in said imaging array comprises three apex anchor region, located between the imaging array is provided with two side timing belt anchors, the said belt comprising a first display state and second display state.

[0082] 在控制所述成像阵列显示多帧二维图像时,所述图像生成模块6用于控制所述锚点的显示状态不改变,在相邻的两帧二维图像中,控制前一帧的二维图像与后一帧的二维图像的同步带的显示状态不相同。 [0082] In controlling the imaging array to display frames of a two-dimensional image, the image generation module 6 for controlling the display state of the anchor point does not change, two adjacent two-dimensional image, a front control a two-dimensional image display state belt frame and after a two-dimensional image is not the same.

[0083] 所述图像采集模块7还用于对获取的所述二维图像进行几何校正,消除所述二维图像的几何畸变。 [0083] The image acquisition module 7 for further two-dimensional images acquired by the geometric correction to eliminate geometric distortion of the two-dimensional image. 所述图像采集模块包括具有图像采集功能的手机、平板电脑、摄像机等装置,并采用相应的图像处理系统对采集的二维图像进行几何校正。 Said image acquisition module comprises means phones, tablet computers, video cameras having an image capture function and an image processing system with the corresponding two-dimensional image acquired geometric correction.

[0084] 所述信息检测模块8包括:定位单元,所述定位单元用于根据获取的所述二维图像的锚点区域确定所述二维图像的有效信息区域;信息同步单元,所述信息同步单元用于根据获取的所述二维图像的同步带显示状态去除所述二维图像中的冗余图像,使得采样得到的二维图像与成像阵列显示的二维图像一一对应,实现信息同步;解调处理单元,所述解调处理单元用于对信息同步后的二维图像依次进行解调处理,获取所述待发送信息。 [0084] The information detection module 8 comprising: a positioning unit, a positioning unit according to the anchor region of the two-dimensional image information acquired determining the effective region of the two-dimensional image; synchronization unit information, said information the belt of the synchronizing unit for acquiring two-dimensional image display state of the image removing redundant two-dimensional image, so that the one-dimensional image and two-dimensional imaging array sampled image display, information synchronization; demodulation processing unit, a demodulation processing unit for the two-dimensional image information of the synchronous demodulation process sequentially acquire the information to be transmitted.

[0085] 可将所述图像采集模块7以及所述信息检测模块8集成在手机、平板电脑或是智能眼镜等电子设备中,通过所述电子设备可以直接读取并解码对应的成像阵列显示的动态二维图像所传递的数据信息,相对于静止的二维码具有更大的信息量,为使用者提供更多的使用体验。 [0085] The image acquisition module may be 7 and the information detection module 8 is integrated in a mobile phone, a tablet computer or a smart electronic devices such as glasses, can be read directly by the electronic device corresponding to the imaging array and decoding the display moving the two-dimensional image data transfer with respect to a stationary two-dimensional code has a larger amount of information, providing the user with more experience.

[0086] 在所述系统中,所述成像阵列可以为LED阵列显示面板也可以为液晶显示面板,其具体实施方式可参见上述实施例,在本实施例中不再赘述。 [0086] In the system, the imaging array may be a display panel is a liquid crystal display panel, specific embodiments thereof can be found in the above-described embodiments, embodiments of the present embodiment is not repeated in the LED array.

[0087] 通过上述描述可知,本实施例所述信息传输系统通过成像阵列的动态图像显示,采用动态的二维图像进行信息传输,提高了可见光通讯的信息传输量以及传递速度。 [0087] apparent from the above description, the present embodiment of the information transmission system by displaying the moving image imaging array, two-dimensional dynamic image information transmission, the information transmission amount and improve transmission of visible light communication speed.

[0088] 需要说明的是,本实施例所述方法实施例以及系统实施例描述各有侧重,相同相似之处可以相互补充说明。 [0088] Incidentally, the present embodiment of the method and system embodiments described embodiments have focused on the same similarities can supplement each other.

[0089] 对所公开的实施例的上述说明,使本领域专业技术人员能够实现或使用本发明。 [0089] The above description of the disclosed embodiments enables those skilled in the art to make or use the present invention. 对这些实施例的多种修改对本领域的专业技术人员来说将是显而易见的,本文中所定义的一般原理可以在不脱离本发明的精神或范围的情况下,在其它实施例中实现。 Various modifications to these professionals skilled in the art of the present embodiments will be apparent, and the generic principles defined herein may be implemented in other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention. 因此,本发明将不会被限制于本文所示的这些实施例,而是要符合与本文所公开的原理和新颖特点相一致的最宽的范围。 Accordingly, the present invention will not be limited to the embodiments shown herein but is to be accorded herein consistent with the principles and novel features disclosed widest scope.

Claims (12)

  1. 1.一种采用动态二维图像信息进行信息传输的方法,其特征在于,包括: 按照设定成像阵列的每一帧的信息承载量将待发送信息转换为多帧的二维图像驱动信息; 根据所述二维图像驱动信息控制所述成像阵列依次显示多帧二维图像; 对所述成像阵列的显示状态进行采样,获取所述二维图像,所述采样的速度大于或等于所述二维图像的帧变换速度的二倍; 对所述二维图像进行解调处理,进而获取所述待发送信息。 A two-dimensional image information is dynamic information transmission method comprising: according to the information carrying capacity of each frame is set to be transmitted to the imaging array of two-dimensional image information into a plurality of frames of drive information; the two-dimensional image information for controlling the driving of the imaging array to sequentially display a plurality of frames of two-dimensional images; the speed of a display state of the imaging array is sampled, the acquired two-dimensional image of the sample greater than or equal to the two double frame conversion rate of dimensional image; a two-dimensional image of the demodulation processing, thereby acquiring the information to be transmitted.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,所述成像阵列包括设置在所述成像阵列三个顶角的锚点区域,位于所述成像阵列同一边的两个锚点间设置有同步带,所述同步带包括第一显示状态以及第二显示状态; 在控制所述成像阵列显示多帧二维图像时,所述锚点显示状态不改变,在相邻的两帧二维图像中,前一帧的二维图像与后一帧的二维图像的同步带的显示状态不相同。 2. The method according to claim 1, wherein said imaging array disposed in said imaging array comprises three apex anchor region, located between the imaging array is provided with two anchors are side belt, the belt comprising a first display state and a second display state; when controlling the image forming two-dimensional image array to display frames, the anchor display state does not change in the adjacent two-dimensional image , the two-dimensional image display state before the belt is a two-dimensional image of the subsequent frame is not the same.
  3. 3.根据权利要求2所述的方法,其特征在于,在进行解调处理之前还包括: 对获取的所述二维图像进行几何校正,消除所述二维图像的几何畸变。 3. The method according to claim 2, characterized in that, prior to the demodulation process further comprising: acquiring the two-dimensional image of the geometric correction to eliminate geometric distortion of the two-dimensional image.
  4. 4.根据权利要求3所述的方法,其特征在于,所述对所述二维图像进行解调处理包括: 根据获取的所述二维图像的锚点区域确定所述二维图像的有效信息区域; 根据获取的所述二维图像的同步带显示状态去除所述二维图像中的冗余图像,使得采样得到的二维图像与成像阵列显示的二维图像一一对应,实现信息同步; 对信息同步后的二维图像依次进行解调处理,获取所述待发送信息。 4. The method according to claim 3, wherein said demodulation processing to the two-dimensional image comprising: the active two-dimensional image information is determined based on the anchor regions of the two-dimensional image acquired region; belt according to the two-dimensional image acquired by removing redundant image display state of the two-dimensional image, so that the one-dimensional image obtained by sampling two-dimensional image display of the imaging array, to achieve synchronization of information; two-dimensional image information of the synchronization sequence demodulation processing, acquiring the information to be transmitted.
  5. 5.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,所述采样速度为所述二维图像的帧变换速度的二倍。 5. The method according to claim 1, wherein the sampling rate is twice the frame rate conversion of the two-dimensional image.
  6. 6.根据权利要求1所述的信息发送方法,其特征在于,所述成像阵列为LED阵列显示面板或液晶显示面板。 The information transmitting method according to claim 1, wherein the imaging array is an LED array or a liquid crystal display panel, the display panel.
  7. 7.一种采用动态二维图像信息进行信息传输的系统,其特征在于,包括:图像生成模块、图像采集模块以及信息检测模块; 所述图像生成模块用于按照设定成像阵列的每一帧的信息承载量将待发送信息转换为多帧的二维图像驱动信息,根据所述二维图像驱动信息控制所述成像阵列依次显示多帧二维图像; 所述图像采集模块用于对所述成像阵列的显示状态进行采样,获取所述二维图像,所述图像采集模块的采样速度大于或等于所述二维图像的帧变换速度的二倍; 所述信息检测模块用于对所述二维图像进行解调处理,进而获取所述待发送信息。 A dynamic two-dimensional image information of the information transmission system, characterized by comprising: an image generating module, an image information acquisition module and a detection module; the image generation module for each frame in accordance with the setting of the imaging array the information carrying capacity of information to be transmitted is converted into a two-dimensional image information of the multi-frame driving, according to the two-dimensional image information for controlling the driving of the imaging array to sequentially display a plurality of frames of two-dimensional images; the image acquisition module for the display state imaging array is sampled, the acquired two-dimensional image, the image acquisition module sampling rate is greater than or equal to twice the frame rate converting two-dimensional image; a detection module for the information of the two demodulating dimensional image processing, thereby acquiring the information to be transmitted.
  8. 8.根据权利要求7所述的系统,其特征在于,所述成像阵列包括设置在所述成像阵列三个顶角的锚点区域,位于所述成像阵列同一边的两个锚点间设置有同步带,所述同步带包括第一显示状态以及第二显示状态; 在控制所述成像阵列显示多帧二维图像时,所述图像生成模块用于控制所述锚点的显示状态不改变,在相邻的两帧二维图像中,控制前一帧的二维图像与后一帧的二维图像的同步带的显示状态不相同。 8. The system according to claim 7, wherein said imaging array comprises three imaging array disposed on the apex of the anchor region, located between the imaging array is provided with two anchors are side belt, the belt comprising a first display state and a second display state; when controlling the multi-frame imaging array dimensional image display, the image generation module for controlling the display state of the anchor point does not change, two adjacent two-dimensional image, the control of the timing belt prior to a two-dimensional image and a two-dimensional image after the display state is not the same.
  9. 9.根据权利要求8所述的系统,其特征在于,所述图像采集模块还用于对获取的所述二维图像进行几何校正,消除所述二维图像的几何畸变。 9. The system of claim 8, wherein the image acquisition module is further configured to obtain the two-dimensional image of the geometric correction to eliminate geometric distortion of the two-dimensional image.
  10. 10.根据权利要求9所述的系统,其特征在于,所述信息检测模块包括: 定位单元,所述定位单元用于根据获取的所述二维图像的锚点区域确定所述二维图像的有效信息区域; 信息同步单元,所述信息同步单元用于根据获取的所述二维图像的同步带显示状态去除所述二维图像中的冗余图像,使得采样得到的二维图像与成像阵列显示的二维图像一一对应,实现信息同步; 解调处理单元,所述解调处理单元用于对信息同步后的二维图像依次进行解调处理,获取所述待发送信息。 10. The system according to claim 9, wherein said information detection module comprising: a positioning unit, the positioning unit for the anchor region of the two-dimensional image acquired two-dimensional image is determined valid information region; information synchronization unit, said synchronization unit information according to the timing belt for the two-dimensional image acquired removing redundant image display state of the two-dimensional image, so that the two-dimensional image obtained by sampling the imaging array one-dimensional image is displayed, and information synchronization; demodulation processing unit, a demodulation processing unit for the two-dimensional image information of the synchronous demodulation process sequentially acquire the information to be transmitted.
  11. 11.根据权利要求7所述的系统,其特征在于,所述图像采集模块的采样速度为所述二维图像的帧变换速度的二倍。 11. The system according to claim 7, wherein the sampling rate is twice the image acquisition module converting a frame rate of the two-dimensional image.
  12. 12.根据权利要求7所述的系统,其特征在于,所述成像阵列为LED阵列显示面板或液晶显示面板。 12. The system according to claim 7, wherein the imaging array is an LED array or a liquid crystal display panel, the display panel.
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