CN103986224A - Wind, solar and electricity complementary type portable power source - Google Patents

Wind, solar and electricity complementary type portable power source Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103986224A
CN103986224A CN201410094167.9A CN201410094167A CN103986224A CN 103986224 A CN103986224 A CN 103986224A CN 201410094167 A CN201410094167 A CN 201410094167A CN 103986224 A CN103986224 A CN 103986224A
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China
Prior art keywords
wind
energy
power source
portable power
storage
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Pending
Application number
CN201410094167.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
冯能莲
于静美
宾洋
占子奇
张志林
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Beijing University of Technology
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Beijing University of Technology
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Application filed by Beijing University of Technology filed Critical Beijing University of Technology
Priority to CN201410094167.9A priority Critical patent/CN103986224A/en
Publication of CN103986224A publication Critical patent/CN103986224A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a wind, solar and electricity complementary type portable power source, and pertains to the technical field of new energy applications. The wind, solar and electricity complementary type portable power source comprises a power generation system, an energy optimal management or balanced management controller, an energy storage system, and a power conversion device. The power generation system comprises a wind power generation system and a solar power generation system. The wind power generation system is installed on the top portion of the portable power source or the front end of the portable power source. The solar power generation system is installed on the top portion of the portable power source onto which the sunlight can be irradiated directly or two sides of the portable power source box. The energy optimal management or balanced management controller adopts the energy optimal management or balanced control strategy, optimization and balancing are performed on energy from different sources, and at the same time, the service life of the battery can be prolonged. The critical components in the energy storage system comprise a storage battery, a supercapacitor and a DC/DC converter, and the supercapacitor is serially connected with the DC/DC converter, so the performance of the energy storage system can be improved. The power conversion device inverter can be used to converting a direct current into an alternating current for being used by an alternating-current load.

Description

A kind of wind-light-electricity complementary type portable power source
Technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of wind-light-electricity complementary type portable power source, a kind of energy storage device based on storage battery-super capacitor particularly, and new forms of energy are organic combines closely with wind power generation, solar power generation etc., belong to novel energy for electrical domain, be applicable to the maritime traffic instruments such as movable work station (as the newpapers and periodicals Room, retail shop etc.), field emergency locomotive and boats and ships, applied range.
Background technology:
At present, storage battery is most electricity consumption facility powers, and storage battery limited containing electric weight discharges and recharges limited speed, during emergent and marine transportation especially in the wild, if when electric weight deficiency or no storage battery charging station, can bring a lot of inconvenience to work requirements.
Aspect energy storage, super capacitor has specific power height and discharges and recharges the advantages such as life-span length, adopts the synthetic energy storage device of super capacitor and batteries, protects storage battery, extends the useful life of storage battery simultaneously, reduces costs.
At electric energy supply respect, solar energy, wind energy, green clean energy resource as sustainable development, store in extensive range, the novel energies such as solar energy and wind energy are carried out to integrated complementary utilization, be applied on portable power source, solved energy storage device charging problem, the power supply discontinuity of simultaneously avoiding single green clean energy resource to cause.
Summary of the invention:
The present invention is intended to propose a kind of wind-light-electricity complementary type portable power source, and object is to meet an urgent need in the wild etc. under special environment, and storage battery-super capacitor energy storage device can, under the integrated complementary of wind power generation and solar power generation, be load normal power supply.
For achieving the above object, the scheme of technology of the present invention is: a kind of wind-light-electricity complementary type portable power source, comprises electricity generation system, energy-optimised management or balanced management controller, energy-storage system, power supply change-over device, DC/DC booster circuit; Described electricity generation system comprises wind generator system and solar power system; Described energy-storage system comprises storage battery, super capacitor and DC/DC converter; Described power supply change-over device is inverter; Described electricity generation system output, energy-storage system input are all connected with energy-optimised or balanced management controller by wire.
The wind-driven generator of described wind generator system, is arranged on the anterior of portable power source casing or is arranged on casing top by vertical member by retention mechanism, while not using wind power generation, for convenience detach.
The solar panel of described solar power system becomes curved surface or plane according to installation site shape fabricating, and the assembly of solar panel is laid in the top of portable power source casing, is designed to collapsible.
Described storage battery-super capacitor energy-storage system, is intended to improve the performance of energy-storage system; In structure, super capacitor is connected with DC/DC, and the circuit that super capacitor and DC/DC form is in parallel with batteries again, the terminal voltage of buffering stable batteries; There is sequencing in charging, preferentially, to super capacitor charging, the energy of redundance charges a battery, and super capacitor also can charge to storage battery; Described energy-storage system output is connected with DC/DC booster circuit input.
Described DC/DC booster circuit output directly drives DC load, or converts alternating current driving AC load to through inverter circuit.
Described energy-optimised management or balanced management controller, adopt energy-optimised management or two kinds of strategies of balanced control, the electric energy optimizing that energy-optimised management converts to solar panel, wind-driven generator is distributed to super capacitor and the batteries in energy storage device; Balanced control strategy carries out balanced Matching to cell terminal voltage imbalance, guarantees battery simultaneously.
The present invention has following outstanding advantage:
1. solar energy and wind energy have good complementarity, and wind and solar hybrid generating system has made up wind-powered electricity generation and the defect of photoelectricity autonomous system in resource in resource; Solar panel of the present invention and the variation of wind-driven generator mounting arrangements general layout, be widely used.
2. super capacitor has specific power height and discharges and recharges the advantages such as life-span length, adopts storage battery-super capacitor energy-storage system, is intended to improve the performance of energy-storage system.
3. by energy-optimised management or balanced management, the energy of separate sources is carried out to balance, improve battery charging and discharging ability, guaranteed battery simultaneously.
Accompanying drawing explanation:
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of wind-light-electricity complementary type portable power source.
Fig. 2 is a kind of wind-light-electricity complementary type field emergency portable power source structural representation.
Fig. 3 is that a kind of wind-light-electricity complementary type moves Ship Structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of balanced management system.
Fig. 5 is the balanced topology diagram of electric capacity.
Specific embodiments:
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, preferred embodiment method of the present invention is elaborated.
Referring to Fig. 1, this wind-light-electricity complementary type portable power source, comprises wind-driven generator, solar panel, energy-optimised management or balanced management controller, storage battery, super capacitor, DC/DC, DC/DC booster circuit, inverter circuit, DC load and AC load.Wind-driven generator, solar panel, storage battery, super capacitor are all connected by wire with energy-optimised management or balanced management controller; Super capacitor is connected with DC/DC, more in parallel with storage battery, and both are all connected with DC/DC booster circuit; DC/DC booster circuit output can directly drive DC load, also can convert alternating current to through inverter circuit and drive AC load.
In the present invention, described energy storage device is loaded in the battery cabinet of sealing, according to application scenario, can be designed to movable type; Possess good ventilation, heat radiation, ventilatory simultaneously, can discharge in time the gas and the heat that in storage battery use procedure, produce; Battery cabinet divides Multi-layers distributing, and every layer can parallel placement plurality of groups of storage batteries and super-capacitor module, and fixed support is installed in energy storage device, avoids the movement of energy storage device in handling process.
Fig. 2 is the embodiment that wind-light-electricity complementary type portable power source is met an urgent need on locomotive in the wild.
The present embodiment is considered the situation of field special operation, and wind-light-electricity complementary type portable power source is designed to mobile power vehicle.The devices such as energy storage control are designed to monolithic construction, are arranged on the chassis of mobile power vehicle; Solar panel is designed to folding, is arranged on roof, and the roof size of mobile power vehicle is determined the size of solar panel; Wind generator design becomes to be convenient to disassembly and assembly structure, and can be arranged on the anterior of portable power source box body or be arranged on casing top by vertical member by retention mechanism, while not using wind power generation, can be for convenience detach.
Fig. 3 is that wind-light-electricity complementary type portable power source is at an embodiment of boats and ships maritime traffic.
The present embodiment and above-described embodiment are basic identical, and special feature is: the devices such as energy storage of wind-light-electricity complementary type portable power source are designed to bottom with the portable body structure of roller, place belowdecks, improve the portability of transportation use procedure.The layout of wind-driven generator and solar panel can be determined according to the space of ship and general layout, consider and from wind energy and solar energy, obtain energy as much as possible, the position of solar panel can be arranged on ship top or deck, and the shape of solar panel can be made into curved surface or plane according to installation site; Wind-driven generator can be arranged on deck by the enough longitudinal rod members of intensity, wind wheel breeze wind or the turbine wind-power of optional small size.After the location positioning of wind-driven generator and solar panel, then be connected with portable energy-storing device.
Fig. 4 is equalizing system structure chart, is an embodiment of balanced management in the present invention.
Energy storage device is comprised of cell serial or parallel connection, and the factors such as cell individual difference, temperature contrast cause battery terminal voltage uneven; Balanced management strategy can be avoided the deterioration of uneven trend, and can improve the service life cycle of battery pack.
Referring to Fig. 4, balanced management system is mainly comprised of controller, equalizer, batteries, voltage acquisition and signal processing apparatus, and wherein batteries is composed in series by a plurality of cells, and equalizer is connected in parallel on the two ends of batteries.The specific works process of system is as follows: wind-driven generator, solar panel change into electric energy wind energy and solar energy respectively, and according to different batteries charging requirement, via controller, exports given charging current; Controller carries out Real-Time Monitoring to state informations such as cell electric current, voltage and temperature, and monitoring result and predefined status signal are carried out to difference comparison, output respective drive signal, the break-make of control equalizing circuit; By balance optimizing control strategy, improve performance and the cycle life of battery pack.
Fig. 5 is the balanced topology diagram of electric capacity, and 2 cells of take are example, and the advantage of balanced management is described.
Suppose storage battery B1 voltage V b1higher than B2 voltage V b2, two single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT)s are all positioned at a place, and storage battery B1 is to capacitor charging; Through certain charging interval, two single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT)s are switched to b place, and electric capacity charges to storage battery B2; After constantly repeating switching, B1 voltage V b1equal B2 voltage V b2.In the balanced topological structure of electric capacity, energy exchanges by capacitor, and equalizing circuit does not have energy loss; Balanced management improves battery charging and discharging ability, has guaranteed battery simultaneously.

Claims (5)

1. a wind-light-electricity complementary type portable power source, is characterized in that, comprises electricity generation system, energy-optimised management or balanced management controller, energy-storage system, power supply change-over device, DC/DC booster circuit; Described electricity generation system comprises wind generator system and solar power system; Described energy-storage system comprises storage battery, super capacitor and DC/DC converter; Described power supply change-over device is inverter; Described electricity generation system output, energy-storage system input are all connected with energy-optimised management or balanced management controller by wire.
2. wind-light-electricity complementary type portable power source according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the wind-driven generator of described wind generator system is arranged on casing anterior of portable power source or is arranged on casing top by vertical member by retention mechanism, while not using wind power generation, for convenience detach.
3. wind-light-electricity complementary type portable power source according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the solar panel of described solar power system becomes curved surface or plane according to installation site shape fabricating, and the assembly of solar panel is laid in portable power source top, for collapsible.
4. wind-light-electricity complementary type portable power source according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described energy-storage system mainly comprises storage battery, super capacitor and DC/DC converter, described super capacitor is connected with DC/DC, the circuit that super capacitor and DC/DC form is in parallel with batteries again, the terminal voltage of buffering stable batteries; Described energy-storage system output is connected with DC/DC booster circuit input.
5. wind-light-electricity complementary type portable power source according to claim 4, is characterized in that, DC/DC booster circuit output directly drives DC load, or converts alternating current driving AC load to through power supply change-over device.
CN201410094167.9A 2014-03-14 2014-03-14 Wind, solar and electricity complementary type portable power source Pending CN103986224A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (20)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105034825A (en) * 2015-07-23 2015-11-11 河南科技大学 Wind-solar complementary power generation system used for electric automobile
CN106026136A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-10-12 上海电气分布式能源科技有限公司 Power balance control method for power supply access apparatus
CN106849848A (en) * 2016-12-07 2017-06-13 银西兰 Solar energy photovoltaic electricity generation system
WO2017139692A3 (en) * 2016-02-12 2017-09-21 Capacitor Sciences Incorporated Capacitive energy storage system
US9899150B2 (en) 2014-05-12 2018-02-20 Capacitor Sciences Incorporated Energy storage device and method of production thereof
US9916931B2 (en) 2014-11-04 2018-03-13 Capacitor Science Incorporated Energy storage devices and methods of production thereof
US9932358B2 (en) 2015-05-21 2018-04-03 Capacitor Science Incorporated Energy storage molecular material, crystal dielectric layer and capacitor
US9941051B2 (en) 2015-06-26 2018-04-10 Capactor Sciences Incorporated Coiled capacitor
US9978517B2 (en) 2016-04-04 2018-05-22 Capacitor Sciences Incorporated Electro-polarizable compound and capacitor
US10026553B2 (en) 2015-10-21 2018-07-17 Capacitor Sciences Incorporated Organic compound, crystal dielectric layer and capacitor
CN108483648A (en) * 2018-05-11 2018-09-04 中国科学院生态环境研究中心 A kind of integrating device using wind energy and Driven by Solar Energy Sewage Biological Treatment
US10153087B2 (en) 2016-04-04 2018-12-11 Capacitor Sciences Incorporated Electro-polarizable compound and capacitor
CN109631204A (en) * 2018-12-16 2019-04-16 北京工业大学 Caravan/family wind-optical-electronic complementation energy-storage system and its thermal management algorithm
US10305295B2 (en) 2016-02-12 2019-05-28 Capacitor Sciences Incorporated Energy storage cell, capacitive energy storage module, and capacitive energy storage system
US10340082B2 (en) 2015-05-12 2019-07-02 Capacitor Sciences Incorporated Capacitor and method of production thereof
US10347423B2 (en) 2014-05-12 2019-07-09 Capacitor Sciences Incorporated Solid multilayer structure as semiproduct for meta-capacitor
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CN110486229A (en) * 2019-07-18 2019-11-22 北京工业大学 A kind of wind light mutual complementing, free-piston energy-storing and power-generating system
US10636575B2 (en) 2016-02-12 2020-04-28 Capacitor Sciences Incorporated Furuta and para-Furuta polymer formulations and capacitors
US10872733B2 (en) 2016-04-04 2020-12-22 Capacitor Sciences Incorporated YanLi material and dielectric and capacitor thereof

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CN102403737A (en) * 2011-12-27 2012-04-04 保定天威集团有限公司 Method and system for controlling wind-solar hybrid power generation and energy storage
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CN101619711A (en) * 2009-07-13 2010-01-06 北京动力京工科技有限公司 Complementary power supply system of movable wind generation, solar generation and vehicle starting/generation
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CN102403737A (en) * 2011-12-27 2012-04-04 保定天威集团有限公司 Method and system for controlling wind-solar hybrid power generation and energy storage
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Cited By (28)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US10347424B2 (en) 2014-05-12 2019-07-09 Capacitor Sciences Incorporated Energy storage device and method of production thereof
US10685782B2 (en) 2014-05-12 2020-06-16 Capacitor Sciences Incorporated Capacitor and method of production thereof
US10347423B2 (en) 2014-05-12 2019-07-09 Capacitor Sciences Incorporated Solid multilayer structure as semiproduct for meta-capacitor
US9899150B2 (en) 2014-05-12 2018-02-20 Capacitor Sciences Incorporated Energy storage device and method of production thereof
US9916931B2 (en) 2014-11-04 2018-03-13 Capacitor Science Incorporated Energy storage devices and methods of production thereof
US10340082B2 (en) 2015-05-12 2019-07-02 Capacitor Sciences Incorporated Capacitor and method of production thereof
US9932358B2 (en) 2015-05-21 2018-04-03 Capacitor Science Incorporated Energy storage molecular material, crystal dielectric layer and capacitor
US10854386B2 (en) 2015-06-26 2020-12-01 Capacitor Sciences Incorporated Coiled capacitor
US9941051B2 (en) 2015-06-26 2018-04-10 Capactor Sciences Incorporated Coiled capacitor
US10672561B2 (en) 2015-06-26 2020-06-02 Capacitor Sciences Incorporated Coiled capacitor
CN105034825B (en) * 2015-07-23 2017-11-07 河南科技大学 A kind of wind and solar hybrid generating system for electric automobile
CN105034825A (en) * 2015-07-23 2015-11-11 河南科技大学 Wind-solar complementary power generation system used for electric automobile
US10026553B2 (en) 2015-10-21 2018-07-17 Capacitor Sciences Incorporated Organic compound, crystal dielectric layer and capacitor
US10636575B2 (en) 2016-02-12 2020-04-28 Capacitor Sciences Incorporated Furuta and para-Furuta polymer formulations and capacitors
WO2017139692A3 (en) * 2016-02-12 2017-09-21 Capacitor Sciences Incorporated Capacitive energy storage system
US10305295B2 (en) 2016-02-12 2019-05-28 Capacitor Sciences Incorporated Energy storage cell, capacitive energy storage module, and capacitive energy storage system
US9978517B2 (en) 2016-04-04 2018-05-22 Capacitor Sciences Incorporated Electro-polarizable compound and capacitor
US10672560B2 (en) 2016-04-04 2020-06-02 Capacitor Sciences Incorporated Electro-polarizable compound and capacitor
US10153087B2 (en) 2016-04-04 2018-12-11 Capacitor Sciences Incorporated Electro-polarizable compound and capacitor
US10707019B2 (en) 2016-04-04 2020-07-07 Capacitor Science Incorporated Electro-polarizable compound and capacitor
US10872733B2 (en) 2016-04-04 2020-12-22 Capacitor Sciences Incorporated YanLi material and dielectric and capacitor thereof
CN106026136A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-10-12 上海电气分布式能源科技有限公司 Power balance control method for power supply access apparatus
CN106026136B (en) * 2016-05-20 2019-06-21 上海电气分布式能源科技有限公司 A kind of method for controlling power balance for access device of powering
US10395841B2 (en) 2016-12-02 2019-08-27 Capacitor Sciences Incorporated Multilayered electrode and film energy storage device
CN106849848A (en) * 2016-12-07 2017-06-13 银西兰 Solar energy photovoltaic electricity generation system
CN108483648A (en) * 2018-05-11 2018-09-04 中国科学院生态环境研究中心 A kind of integrating device using wind energy and Driven by Solar Energy Sewage Biological Treatment
CN109631204A (en) * 2018-12-16 2019-04-16 北京工业大学 Caravan/family wind-optical-electronic complementation energy-storage system and its thermal management algorithm
CN110486229A (en) * 2019-07-18 2019-11-22 北京工业大学 A kind of wind light mutual complementing, free-piston energy-storing and power-generating system

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Application publication date: 20140813