CN103985169A - System utilizing handheld terminal and USB interface to lock/unlock door lock and controlling method thereof - Google Patents

System utilizing handheld terminal and USB interface to lock/unlock door lock and controlling method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103985169A
CN103985169A CN201410197808.3A CN201410197808A CN103985169A CN 103985169 A CN103985169 A CN 103985169A CN 201410197808 A CN201410197808 A CN 201410197808A CN 103985169 A CN103985169 A CN 103985169A
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China
Prior art keywords
handheld terminal
door lock
usb
lock mechanism
electromechanical
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Granted
Application number
CN201410197808.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103985169B (en
Inventor
李伟
崔晶晶
王於翔
王振宇
杨代飞
陶浩浩
顾方
韩大鹏
刘天明
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Nanjing Putian Telecommunications Co Ltd
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Nanjing Putian Telecommunications Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410197808.3A priority Critical patent/CN103985169B/en
Publication of CN103985169A publication Critical patent/CN103985169A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103985169B publication Critical patent/CN103985169B/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a system utilizing a handheld terminal and a USB interface to lock/unlock a door lock and a controlling method thereof. A background network management data center carries out data interaction with a handheld terminal through a Wi-Fi/3G/4G/GPRS wireless communication mode; the handheld terminal is connected to a target object namely a mechatronic door lock mechanism through a USB wire and a downlink USB interface; at the same time energy is provided for the mechatronic door lock mechanism through the USB interface; corresponding data information is fed back to the handheld terminal and application program through the USB interface, and the data information is synchronized to the background network management data center through a wireless mode. The system has the following advantages: (1) an internal mechatronic lock without a power supply is adopted; (2) a special lock locking/unlocking tool for conventional door locks is not required; (3) the management on locking/unlocking operation and people who carry out the operation is realtime and contact, and thus the safety is high; (4) cost can be reduced; (5) the phenomenon that everyone can open/close the door with a conventional lock is avoided, the safety is improved, and the work operation process and result can be confirmed.

Description

Utilize handheld terminal and USB mouth to carry out door lock open and close system and control method
Technical field
The present invention is that a kind of handheld terminal and USB mouth of utilizing carries out door lock open and close system and control method.The door lock mechanism that is applicable to target object carries out open and close controlling and management, comprises the public network, private network user and the enterprises and institutions that are applicable in communication network relevant indoor external application machine room, cabinet, rack are carried out to open and close controlling and the management of door lock.Common unified USB physical interface on main exploitation handheld terminal, by USB connecting line, be connected with the door lock mechanism of electromechanical on target object, by USB mouth, to the door lock mechanism of electromechanical on target object, power simultaneously, in conjunction with running on an application program on handheld terminal, Bing Yu background net management data center is connected by wireless, operating personnel are completed be managed open and close controlling and the management of the door lock mechanism on target object, thereby realize operating personnel by handheld terminal, multiple data between the door lock mechanism of electromechanical and background net management data center, the multiplexing of transmission of control information is carried out and management function, relate to multiple data information acquisition, the management system of controlling and carrying out, belong to intelligent hand-held terminal and USB mouth and be applied to door lock mechanism intelligent management technical field.
Background technology
At present, on to the open and close controlling of indoor outer target object door lock and management, comprising it being on the casing of related communication facility and the door lock control and management of cabinet, is pure mechanical lock mostly, need to be used in conjunction with corresponding a large amount of key.The electromechanical lock of other modes needs to be used in conjunction with special-purpose authentication object and carries out assistant authentification, or use special-purpose open locking facility to carry out opening and closing operations, and install electric supply installation additional in facility inside, to support electromechanical gates latch mechanism can carry out and complete the door lock control and management of related facility, this will bring many inconveniences and dangerous:
1) pure mechanical lock mechanism to exist security poor, be easy to be imitated, be also easy to maliciously be unblanked.Certainly exist the physical aspect of pure mechanical lock key, the corresponding more inconvenience of carrying of key of pure mechanical lock, easily forgets loss, the use management of key is existed to the possibility of multihead management, easily occurs chaotic.
2) real-time of reply management is poor, and what can only open and close at locking mechanism auxiliaryly before or after the event carries out certain passive management, open locking implementation phase and concrete behavior on lack ladder of management effectively, flexibly, initiatively.Simultaneously to the custodian of key and license people also lack initiatively, flexibly, effective ladder of management.
3) in the situation that adopt special-purpose authentication object to carry out assistant authentification, mostly need to carry out certain pre-typing and pre-authorization to relevant assistant authentification object, a lot of management work can only be carried out before open locking action, or transfer after open locking completes funeral affairs, lack real-time and the integrality of splitting block action and involved party's management.
4) for the mode that adopts special-purpose open locking facility, its special-purpose open locking facility also exist relevant pre-typing and pre-authorization operation, the people that licenses of relevant facility is lacked to corresponding authentication function simultaneously, as long as whoso is taken so authorized facility, can carry out relevant opening and closing operations, the management of personnel, process and action is all lacked to corresponding real-time and integrality.
5) what for the key of pure mechanical lock or special-purpose open locking facility, all need to be correlated with before use uses and returns formality, the complicacy of operation and the cost of use have artificially been increased, also the time cost that has increased complete operation process, work efficiency is lower.Pure mechanical lock and special-purpose open locking facility itself have also increased hardware cost to a certain extent simultaneously.
6) when the inside at related facility must install additional after power supply device, increased the complexity of door lock mechanism, also there is the realistic problem of maintenance and management in power supply device itself, be difficult for observing and monitoring the actual state of its normal power supply ability, the existence of installing electric supply installation additional has higher requirement to the environment for use of door lock mechanism and mode, adaptive surface is narrower, and use scenes is limited, lacks corresponding dirigibility and universality.The electric supply installation simultaneously installing additional has also increased the cost using to a certain extent.
7) cost that the staff who uses under existing mode completes associative operation work is higher, it is the management expectancy that pure mechanical key or the facility of special-purpose open locking all exist Handwork register, work efficiency is low, even take on-the-spot pure mechanical key or the facility of special-purpose open locking, also exist and the not corresponding unmatched possibility of target object, the inaccurate meeting of associated key and special-purpose open locking facility brings larger difficulty to work on the spot.Consequent mistake, needs a large amount of human and material resources to correct maintenance.
Summary of the invention
What the present invention proposed is that a kind of handheld terminal and USB mouth of utilizing carries out door lock open and close system and control method, its object is intended to overcome the shortcomings and limitations of prior art application, and on the common hand-held intelligent terminal being easy to get, use related application and its general USB mouth utilizing, can help fast, effectively, easily operating personnel to carry out unlatching control and the intelligent management of related objective thing door lock mechanism.
Utilize unified USB physical interface common on handheld terminal, by usb connecting line, be connected with the door lock mechanism of electromechanical on target object, by USB mouth, to the door lock mechanism of electromechanical on target object, power simultaneously, in conjunction with running on an application program on handheld terminal, Bing Yu background net management data center is connected by wireless, complete the open and close controlling and the management that are managed door lock mechanism on target object, thereby realize operating personnel by handheld terminal, multiple data between the door lock mechanism of electromechanical and background net management data center, the multiplexing of transmission of control information is carried out and management function, relate to multiple data information acquisition, the management system of controlling and carrying out.
Technical solution of the present invention: utilize handheld terminal and USB mouth to carry out door lock open and close system, its structure comprises the door lock mechanism of background net management data center, handheld terminal and object electromechanical; Wherein background net management data center carries out data interaction by the communications such as WI-FI/3G/4G/GPRS and handheld terminal, handheld terminal joins by USB line and unified descending USB interface and the door lock mechanism of object electromechanical, by USB mouth, to the door lock mechanism of electromechanical on target object, power simultaneously, related data information and result return to handheld terminal and application program by USB, and are synchronized with background net management data center by wireless mode.
Its control method comprises:
1) arrive working site, the application program of pre-installing on starting up's handheld terminal, data center is connected with background net management, by checking, obtains the authorization.
2) plug general USB line to the USB mouth of handheld terminal, on the USB of USB line end mouth, connect the door lock mechanism of electromechanical on target object, by USB mouth, to the door lock mechanism of electromechanical on target object, power simultaneously.
3) utilize the application program in handheld device, set up and complete the purview certification under wireless mode, open and close controlling, execution and transmitted in both directions to hand-held intelligent terminal.
4) in there is no the environment of wireless signal, can utilize offline mode operation, in the place that has related wireless signal, start the selection that application program completes relevant purview certification, operation and operand, obtain corresponding pre-authorization and operator password, be kept in handheld terminal, come after relevant practical operation scene, connect the door lock mechanism of object, by reserved operator password and pre-authorization, complete associative operation, and having the place of related wireless signal that the result of operation is returned to background net management data center.
5) on target object, in the supply of the door lock mechanism working power of electromechanical, adopt the rechargeable lithium battary on handheld terminal immediately to power.
Compared with prior art tool of the present invention has the following advantages:
1) adopt the inner electromechanical lockset without power supply, only need external power source, adopt external interface power supply mode, the size of lock core and original mechanical lock are completely compatible, install without changing original structure.
2) do not need to carry the open locking facility of key, access card or the similar special use of conventional door lock, as long as a handheld terminal and a usb data line can complete the process of unblanking, solve conventional door lock and ordinary electronic lock and need to be with key or the similar authentication means of unblanking (as access card etc.), also solved key or problem that the authentication means of unblanking is not mated and lost.
3) adopting real-time online authorization identifying, that splits block action and involved party's management has real-time and integrality, a confidentiality and safe.
4) adopt handheld terminal immediately to power to the door lock mechanism of electromechanical on target object, replaced installing additional after power supply device when the transformation of conventional door lock, thereby the complexity that the door lock mechanism that has lowered electromechanical is realized, has also reduced the cost of transforming simultaneously.
5) control of personnel being opened the door adopts real-time authorization, effectively record switch gate related personnel's action, time, and can pass as required the much informations such as relevant on-site target thing outward appearance in kind and sign situation, surrounding enviroment image, GPS location back, evade traditional whose and had the open locking facility of key, access card or similar special use, who is the unsafe situation of energy switch gate just, also supports operation process and result to carry out actual confirmation.
6) overcome the existing above-mentioned defect of prior art.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing 1 is to utilize handheld terminal and USB mouth to carry out the structural representation of door lock open and close system.
Accompanying drawing 2 is the workflow diagrams that utilize handheld terminal and USB mouth to carry out door lock switching.
Embodiment
Contrast accompanying drawing 1: utilize handheld terminal and USB mouth to carry out door lock open and close system, its structure is the door lock mechanism that comprises background net management data center, handheld terminal and object electromechanical; Wherein background net management data center carries out data interaction by the communications such as WI-FI/3G/4G/GPRS and handheld terminal, handheld terminal joins by USB line and unified descending USB interface and the door lock mechanism of object electromechanical, by USB mouth, to the door lock mechanism of electromechanical on target object, power simultaneously, related data information returns to handheld terminal and application program by USB, and is synchronized with background net management data center by wireless mode.
Handheld terminal in the situation that having wireless network, set up and background net management data center between interconnecting channels, start application program, input validation information obtains background data center system authorization, the selection of purview certification, acquisition operation and operand, in the situation that having the wireless signals such as WI-FI/3G/4G, can carry out the operation of real-time online, if on-the-spot, do not have in the situation of the wireless signals such as WI-FI/3G/4G, can utilize offline mode to operate, also can utilize traditional short message mode carry out mutual and control;
Its down going channel utilizes unified USB mouth to be connected with the door lock mechanism of object electromechanical, by USB mouth, to the door lock mechanism of electromechanical on target object, power simultaneously, utilize the application program in handheld device, set up and complete purview certification, open and close controlling, execution and transmitted in both directions, also can complete long-range accurate collection and the control information of other multiclass management data information (as the image of two-dimension code label additional on on-site target object, shooting and picture, the on-the-spot operator's of use image information, ambient temperature and humidity, GPS location etc.).
The door lock mechanism of described object electromechanical, it is the intelligent regeneration part to all traditional indoor outer locking objects, this part comprises traditional mechanical door locking device and electronic control part, this part externally draw USB interface for externally fed with communicate by letter, this door latch structure can design according to the concrete size of object.
Described application program, is the client-side program being arranged on mobile phone operating system, and this program is developed in conjunction with outside hardware environment according to practical application scene.
Contrast accompanying drawing 2: the workflow of utilizing handheld terminal and USB mouth to carry out door lock switching, comprise,
Online mode
1) start the selection that application program completes relevant purview certification, operation and operand, obtain corresponding operator password;
2) in the USB interface of handheld terminal, by USB connecting line, connect the door lock mechanism of object electromechanical, by USB mouth, to the door lock mechanism of electromechanical on target object, power simultaneously;
3) purview certification, open and close controlling, execution and transmitted in both directions;
4) complete long-range accurate collection and the control information of other multiclass management data information (as the image of two-dimension code label additional on on-site target object, shooting and picture, the on-the-spot operator's of use image information, ambient temperature and humidity etc.);
5) online data and result return and are synchronized to background net management data center automatically in real time.
Offline mode
1) before leaving for work destination, in the situation that having wireless signal, start the selection that application program completes relevant purview certification, operation and operand, obtain corresponding pre-authorization and operator password;
2) off-line, has entered in the environment that there is no wireless signal, and the USB interface of handheld terminal connects the door lock mechanism of object electromechanical by USB connecting line, power by USB mouth to the door lock mechanism of electromechanical on target object simultaneously;
3) purview certification, open and close controlling, execution and transmitted in both directions;
4) complete long-range accurate collection and the control information of other multiclass management data information (as the image of two-dimension code label additional on on-site target object, shooting and picture, the on-the-spot operator's of use image information, ambient temperature and humidity etc.);
5) make manually or automatically data and result deposit handheld terminal in, enter under the environment of wireless signal, then return manually or automatically and be synchronized to background net management data center.
In practical application, on multiclass handheld terminal, (comprise commercially available smart mobile phone, panel computer), adopt the Android series of Google, the Windows series of Microsoft, one of multiple mainstream operation systems such as the OS series of Apple, multiclass handheld terminal (comprises commercially available smart mobile phone, panel computer) data feedback channel utilize it to carry that the communications such as WI-FI/3G/4G/GPRS are set up and background net management data center between interconnecting channels, if on-the-spot without wireless communication signals such as WI-FI/3G/4G/GPRS, can utilize the short message mode of 2G wireless signal carry out mutual and control, its down going channel utilizes unified USB mouth to be connected with the door lock mechanism of object electromechanical, by USB mouth, to the door lock mechanism of electromechanical on target object, power simultaneously, utilize the application program in handheld device, set up and complete the purview certification under wireless mode to hand-held intelligent terminal, open and close controlling, carry out and transmitted in both directions.In the supply of whole device working power, adopt the rechargeable lithium battary on handheld terminal.As 2G wireless signal under special screne does not have yet, can utilize offline mode operation, in the place that has related wireless signal, start application program and complete relevant purview certification, the selection of operation and operand, obtain corresponding pre-authorization and operator password, be kept in handheld terminal, come after relevant practical operation scene, connect the door lock mechanism of object, by USB mouth, to the door lock mechanism of electromechanical on target object, power simultaneously, by reserved operator password and pre-authorization, complete associative operation, and there iing the place of related wireless signal data and the result of operation, return and be synchronized to background net management data center.See accompanying drawing 1.
Like this in actual application, associative operation personnel and background net management data center just can be with wireless communication modes, by multiclass handheld terminal, (comprise mobile phone, panel computer) and be arranged on application program wherein, door lock mechanism with the electromechanical of the USB mouth linking objective object on hand-held intelligent terminal, by USB mouth, to the door lock mechanism of electromechanical on target object, power simultaneously, set up and complete associative operation personnel the open and close controlling of door lock mechanism and management, simultaneously also can be by wireless mode, set up and complete other multiclass management data information of target object (as two-dimension code label additional on on-site target object, the image of shooting and picture, the on-the-spot image information of using operator, ambient temperature and humidity etc.) long-range accurate collection and the transmitted in both directions of control information.Add the chargeable high-capacity lithium battery utilizing in handheld terminal, realized the door lock mechanism of electromechanical on target object with the controlled convenient power supply mode in outside.In actual use, also realized the multiplexing of transmission of multiple data, control information and carried out and management function, relate to the management system of multiple data information acquisition, control and execution.

Claims (2)

1. utilize handheld terminal and USB mouth to carry out door lock open and close system, it is characterized in that comprising the door lock mechanism of background net management data center, handheld terminal and object electromechanical; Wherein background net management data center carries out data interaction by WI-FI/3G/4G/GPRS communication and handheld terminal, handheld terminal joins by USB line and unified descending USB interface and the door lock mechanism of object electromechanical, by USB mouth, to the door lock mechanism of electromechanical on target object, power simultaneously, related data information returns to handheld terminal and application program by USB, and is synchronized with background net management data center by wireless mode.
2. handheld terminal and the USB mouth of utilizing as claimed in claim 1 carries out door lock open and close controlling method, it is characterized in that the method comprises following processing step:
1) arrive working site, the application program of pre-installing on starting up's handheld terminal, data center is connected with background net management, by checking, obtains the authorization;
2) plug general USB line to the USB mouth of handheld terminal, on the USB of USB line end mouth, connect the door lock mechanism of electromechanical on target object, by USB mouth, to the door lock mechanism of electromechanical on target object, power simultaneously;
3) utilize the application program in handheld device, set up and complete the purview certification under wireless mode, open and close controlling, execution and transmitted in both directions to hand-held intelligent terminal;
4) in there is no the environment of wireless signal, can utilize offline mode operation, in the place that has related wireless signal, start the selection that application program completes relevant purview certification, operation and operand, obtain corresponding pre-authorization and operator password, be kept in handheld terminal, come after relevant practical operation scene, connect the door lock mechanism of object, by reserved operator password and pre-authorization, complete associative operation, and having the place of related wireless signal that data and the result of operation are returned to background net management data center;
5) on target object, in the supply of the door lock mechanism working power of electromechanical, adopt the rechargeable lithium battary on handheld terminal immediately to power.
CN201410197808.3A 2014-05-13 2014-05-13 Handheld terminal and USB port is utilized to carry out door lock open and close system and control method Active CN103985169B (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104318644A (en) * 2014-09-03 2015-01-28 马文超 Method for achieving cipher lock, cipher lock formed by the method, and annular lock
CN110517378A (en) * 2019-07-17 2019-11-29 青岛海尔空调器有限总公司 Method, mobile device and the vehicle shared for vehicle
CN111402458A (en) * 2018-12-26 2020-07-10 新唐科技股份有限公司 Lock control circuit and electronic system comprising same
TWI733534B (en) * 2020-07-23 2021-07-11 亞適企業有限公司 Intelligent electric control lock system and its application method

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CN102592342A (en) * 2012-03-05 2012-07-18 成都昊普环保技术有限公司 Wireless terminal power supply and control-based access control management method and system
CN102867347A (en) * 2012-08-03 2013-01-09 合肥天智科技发展有限公司 RFID (radio frequency identification) wireless interconnection safety control intelligent terminal management system
CN103606214A (en) * 2013-11-27 2014-02-26 南京邮电大学 Cloud platform-based intelligent security access control system
CN203503036U (en) * 2013-10-25 2014-03-26 北京金储自动化技术有限公司 Dynamic password lock for network management of self-service equipment

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2434463A2 (en) * 2005-03-18 2012-03-28 Phoniro AB An access control system and associated device and method
CN102592342A (en) * 2012-03-05 2012-07-18 成都昊普环保技术有限公司 Wireless terminal power supply and control-based access control management method and system
CN102867347A (en) * 2012-08-03 2013-01-09 合肥天智科技发展有限公司 RFID (radio frequency identification) wireless interconnection safety control intelligent terminal management system
CN203503036U (en) * 2013-10-25 2014-03-26 北京金储自动化技术有限公司 Dynamic password lock for network management of self-service equipment
CN103606214A (en) * 2013-11-27 2014-02-26 南京邮电大学 Cloud platform-based intelligent security access control system

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104318644A (en) * 2014-09-03 2015-01-28 马文超 Method for achieving cipher lock, cipher lock formed by the method, and annular lock
CN111402458A (en) * 2018-12-26 2020-07-10 新唐科技股份有限公司 Lock control circuit and electronic system comprising same
CN111402458B (en) * 2018-12-26 2022-03-25 新唐科技股份有限公司 Lock control circuit and electronic system comprising same
CN110517378A (en) * 2019-07-17 2019-11-29 青岛海尔空调器有限总公司 Method, mobile device and the vehicle shared for vehicle
TWI733534B (en) * 2020-07-23 2021-07-11 亞適企業有限公司 Intelligent electric control lock system and its application method

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