CN103983798B - Crop detection system - Google Patents

Crop detection system Download PDF

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CN103983798B
CN103983798B CN 201410228304 CN201410228304A CN103983798B CN 103983798 B CN103983798 B CN 103983798B CN 201410228304 CN201410228304 CN 201410228304 CN 201410228304 A CN201410228304 A CN 201410228304A CN 103983798 B CN103983798 B CN 103983798B
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detection
transmission
platform
crop
line
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CN 201410228304
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CN103983798A (en )
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罗斌
王成
姜富斌
潘大宇
宋鹏
朱大洲
赵勇
于春花
辜松
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北京农业信息技术研究中心
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Abstract

本发明公开了一种作物检测系统,包括:在线式传输平台、作物性状检测设备、检测室、数据采集控制模块、数据处理终端;所述在线式传输平台用于承载植株,所述在线式传输平台设置有传送植株的传送带;所述检测室设置在所述在线式传输平台上,传送带穿过所述检测室,所述作物性状检测设备位于所述检测室内,所述作物性状检测设备,用于对进入所述检测室的植株进行检测,得到检测数据;数据处理终端用于,对在线式传输平台的运转以及传送路径进行控制,对所述作物性状检测设备进行控制,获取所述检测数据并对所述检测数据进行分析处理。 The present invention discloses a crop detection system, comprising: a transmission-line platform, the crop property detection device, the detection chamber, a data acquisition and control module, a data processing terminal; the transmission-line plant for carrying platforms, the transmission-line transfer platform is provided with a conveyor belt plant; the detection chamber disposed on the transmission-line platform, a conveyor belt through the detection chamber, the crop trait detecting apparatus in the detection chamber, the crop trait detection apparatus, with to the plants entering the detection chamber is detected to obtain the detection data; a data processing terminal, and a transmission path for the operation of the transmission-line platform is controlled to control the crop property detection device, acquires the detection data the detection and data analysis. 本发明实施例的作物检测系统,能够实现植株全生育期的在线检测。 Embodiment of the present invention, the detection system of the plant, the plant can be achieved online testing whole growth period.

Description

作物检测系统 Crop detection system

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及农业领域,尤其涉及一种作物检测系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of agriculture, particularly to a crop detection system.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 作物的性状获取的常用技术有机器视觉、光谱、激光、生理传感器等,通过这些技术手段可获取作物氮磷钾营养、水分等养分信息以及冠层面积、茎粗、株高、叶面积、植株生长速率等长势信息。 [0002] The conventional technology traits acquired crops are machine vision, spectroscopy, laser, and other physiological sensors, these techniques are available NPK plant nutrition, water and other nutrients information canopy area, stem diameter, plant height, leaf area, growing plant growth rate, etc. information.

[0003] 在作物营养状态的光谱无损检测技术方面,通过检测植株叶片在四个特征波长处的光谱发射强度信息进行植物的营养诊断,并利用对这四个波长植被指数的反演来获取植物的氮素和含水率信息。 [0003] In the non-destructive testing techniques spectrum nutritional status of crops, plant leaves by detecting emission spectral intensity at a wavelength of four feature information plant nutrition diagnosis, and using these four wavelengths inversion to obtain plant vegetation index Nitrogen and water content information.

[0004] 现有的光谱诊断研宄方法主要是利用单个叶片的光谱反射率分析进而推断单个植株的营养状况并,据此分析区域内植物的群体营养水平。 [0004] The conventional spectral study based diagnostic method is to analyze and then infer and nutritional status of individual plants, that analysis plant nutrient levels in the region using the spectral reflectance of a single group of vanes. 然而现有的作物性状检测装置大多是只能对作物单一的生长信息指标的检测。 However, most of the conventional crop property detection apparatus is detecting only a single information indicator crop growth.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本发明实施例提供一种作物检测系统,能够实现植株全生育期的在线检测。 Crop embodiments provide a detection system [0005] In the present invention, the plant line measurement of the growth period.

[0006] 本发明实施例采用如下技术方案: [0006] Embodiments of the invention adopt the following technical solutions:

[0007] 一种作物检测系统,包括: [0007] A crop detection system, comprising:

[0008] 在线式传输平台、作物性状检测设备、检测室、数据采集控制模块、数据处理终端; [0008] The transmission-line platform, the crop property detection device, the detection chamber, a data acquisition and control module, a data processing terminal;

[0009] 所述在线式传输平台用于承载植株,所述在线式传输平台设置有传送植株的传送带; [0009] The transmission-line plant for carrying platform, the platform is provided with a transmission-line plant transfer belt;

[0010] 所述检测室设置在所述在线式传输平台上,传送带穿过所述检测室,所述作物性状检测设备位于所述检测室内,所述作物性状检测设备,用于对进入所述检测室的植株进行检测,得到检测数据; [0010] The detection chamber is provided on the transmission-line platform, a conveyor belt through the detection chamber, the crop trait detecting apparatus in the detection chamber, the crop property detection device for entering the plants detection chamber is detected to obtain the detection data;

[0011] 数据处理终端用于,对在线式传输平台的运转以及传送路径进行控制,对所述作物性状检测设备进行控制,获取所述检测数据并对所述检测数据进行分析处理。 [0011] The data processing terminal for on-line operation, and the transport path of the transport platform is controlled, the crop to control the property detection device, acquires the detection data and the detection data analysis and processing.

[0012] 可选的,所述在线式传输平台采用多层的空间结构,所述在线式传输平台设置有载物板,载物板固定在所述传送带上方,所述在线式传输平台的两端设置有提升和下降装置,植株随着所述传送带在所述在线式传输平台的各层之间传动,被检测的植株通过所述传送带传送至所述检测室内。 [0012] Optionally, the transmission-line multi-layer structure of a space platform, the platform is provided with a transmission-line loading plate, the loading plate is fixed above the conveyor belt, the two-line transport platform end is provided with lifting and lowering device, as the plants in the drive belt between the layers of the transmission-line platform, detected by the conveyor belt plant to the detection chamber.

[0013] 可选的,所述传送带上设置有作物保护装置,用于保障植株在提升和下降过程中保持稳定,防止跌落,同时采用气吹方式,使植株叶片向内靠拢。 [0013] Optionally, the conveyor is provided with crop protection means for the protection of plants held in the lifting and lowering process stability and to prevent falling, while using air blowing mode, the plants blade move inward.

[0014] 可选的,所述作物性状检测设备包括以下至少一种设备:机器视觉检测设备、热像检测设备、光谱检测设备、X光检测设备、叶绿素荧光检测设备、核磁检测设备。 [0014] Optionally, the detection apparatus crop trait apparatus comprises at least one of: machine vision inspection equipment, thermal image detecting apparatus, spectral detection equipment, X-ray detection apparatus, chlorophyll fluorescence detection apparatus, NMR detection equipment.

[0015] 可选的,所述检测室设置有检测门,所述检测门用于当植株传送到检测门的视频检测区域时,检测门自动打开。 [0015] Alternatively, the detection chamber is provided with a detection threshold, a detection gate for detecting when the plants were transferred to a video detection region of the door when the door opens automatically detected.

[0016] 可选的,所述检测室内设置有定位传感器,用于当作物传送到预定位置时所述传送带停止。 [0016] Alternatively, the detection chamber is provided with a positioning sensor, for, when the crop is transferred to a predetermined position of the belt is stopped.

[0017] 可选的,所述检测室内设置有推升旋转装置,用于提升旋转植株。 [0017] Alternatively, the detection chamber is provided with a pushing up the rotary means for rotating lifting plants.

[0018] 可选的,还包括:自动灌溉施肥装置,用于对被测对象进行全生育期栽培管理、自动灌溉、自动施肥。 [0018] Optionally, further comprising: means automatic irrigation fertilization, growth period for the cultivation of the tested object management, automatic irrigation, fertilization automatically.

[0019] 可选的,还包括:数据采集控制模块,用于根据用户的指令设置检测平台的运行和检测方式,处理分析检测的数据,根据用户指令实时显示所述检测数据或根据用户指令向远程服务器实时传输所述检测数据。 [0019] Optionally, further comprising: a data acquisition and control module, and a detection mode for setting operation detection platform according to a user's instructions, data analysis and detection processing according to user instructions displaying the detection data in real time according to a user instruction or the remote server to transmit the detection data in real time.

[0020] 基于上述技术方案,本发明实施例的作物检测系统,传送植株到检测室自动对植株进行检测,得到检测数据,从而实现植株全生育期的在线检测。 [0020] Based on the above technical solution, the system detecting the crop embodiment of the present invention, plants were transferred to the detection chamber plants were automatically detected, the detection data obtained, so that line measurement of the plant growth period.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0021] 为了更清楚地说明本发明实施例或现有技术中的技术方案,下面将对实施例或现有技术描述中所需要使用的附图作一简单地介绍,显而易见地,下面描述中的附图是本发明的一些实施例,对于本领域普通技术人员来讲,在不付出创造性劳动的前提下,还可以根据这些附图获得其他的附图。 [0021] In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions in the embodiments or the prior art embodiment of the present invention, the accompanying drawings for illustrating the prior art described or needed to be used in an embodiment will be briefly introduced hereinafter, the description below the figures show some embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art is concerned, without creative efforts, can derive from these drawings other drawings.

[0022] 图1为本发明实施例的作物检测系统的结构示意图; [0022] FIG. 1 is a schematic configuration crop detection system according to an embodiment of the present invention;

[0023] 图2为本发明实施例中植株直行示意图; [0023] Example 2 a schematic embodiment of the present invention, straight plants;

[0024] 图3为本发明实施例中植株转弯示意图。 [0024] Fig 3 a schematic view of the turning plants embodiment of the present invention.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0025] 为使本发明实施例的目的、技术方案和优点更加清楚,下面将结合本发明实施例中的附图,对本发明实施例中的技术方案进行清楚地描述,显然,所描述的实施例是本发明一部分实施例,而不是全部的实施例。 [0025] In order that the invention object, technical solutions, and advantages of the embodiments more clearly, the following the present invention in the accompanying drawings, technical solutions of embodiments of the present invention will be clearly described, obviously, the described EXAMPLE some embodiments of the present invention rather than all embodiments. 基于本发明中的实施例,本领域普通技术人员在没有做出创造性劳动前提下所获得的所有其他实施例,都属于本发明保护的范围。 Based on the embodiments of the present invention, all other embodiments of ordinary skill in the art without any creative effort shall fall within the scope of the present invention.

[0026] 实施例1 [0026] Example 1

[0027] 本发明实施例提供一种作物检测系统,包括: Embodiment [0027] The present invention provides a crop detection system, comprising:

[0028] 在线式传输平台、作物性状检测设备、检测室、数据采集控制模块、数据处理终端; [0028] The transmission-line platform, the crop property detection device, the detection chamber, a data acquisition and control module, a data processing terminal;

[0029] 所述在线式传输平台用于承载植株,所述在线式传输平台设置有传送植株的传送带; [0029] The transmission-line plant for carrying platform, the platform is provided with a transmission-line plant transfer belt;

[0030] 所述检测室设置在所述在线式传输平台上,传送带穿过所述检测室,所述作物性状检测设备位于所述检测室内,所述作物性状检测设备,用于对进入所述检测室的植株进行检测,得到检测数据; [0030] The detection chamber is provided on the transmission-line platform, a conveyor belt through the detection chamber, the crop trait detecting apparatus in the detection chamber, the crop property detection device for entering the plants detection chamber is detected to obtain the detection data;

[0031] 数据处理终端用于,对在线式传输平台的运转以及传送路径进行控制,对所述作物性状检测设备进行控制,获取所述检测数据并对所述检测数据进行分析处理。 [0031] The data processing terminal for on-line operation, and the transport path of the transport platform is controlled, the crop to control the property detection device, acquires the detection data and the detection data analysis and processing.

[0032] 可选的,所述在线式传输平台采用多层的空间结构,所述在线式传输平台设置有载物板,载物板固定在所述传送带上方,所述在线式传输平台的两端设置有提升和下降装置,植株随着所述传送带在所述在线式传输平台的各层之间传动,被检测的植株通过所述传送带传送至所述检测室内。 [0032] Optionally, the transmission-line multi-layer structure of a space platform, the platform is provided with a transmission-line loading plate, the loading plate is fixed above the conveyor belt, the two-line transport platform end is provided with lifting and lowering device, as the plants in the drive belt between the layers of the transmission-line platform, detected by the conveyor belt plant to the detection chamber.

[0033] 可选的,所述传送带上设置有作物保护装置,用于保障植株在提升和下降过程中保持稳定,防止跌落,同时采用气吹方式,使植株叶片向内靠拢。 [0033] Optionally, the conveyor is provided with crop protection means for the protection of plants held in the lifting and lowering process stability and to prevent falling, while using air blowing mode, the plants blade move inward.

[0034] 可选的,所述作物性状检测设备包括以下至少一种设备:机器视觉检测设备、热像检测设备、光谱检测设备、X光检测设备、叶绿素荧光检测设备、核磁检测设备。 [0034] Optionally, the detection apparatus crop trait apparatus comprises at least one of: machine vision inspection equipment, thermal image detecting apparatus, spectral detection equipment, X-ray detection apparatus, chlorophyll fluorescence detection apparatus, NMR detection equipment.

[0035] 可选的,所述检测室设置有检测门,所述检测门用于当植株传送到检测门的视频检测区域时,检测门自动打开。 [0035] Alternatively, the detection chamber is provided with a detection threshold, a detection gate for detecting when the plants were transferred to a video detection region of the door when the door opens automatically detected.

[0036] 可选的,所述检测室内设置有定位传感器,用于当作物传送到预定位置时所述传送带停止。 [0036] Alternatively, the detection chamber is provided with a positioning sensor, for, when the crop is transferred to a predetermined position of the belt is stopped.

[0037] 可选的,所述检测室内设置有推升旋转装置,用于提升旋转植株。 [0037] Alternatively, the detection chamber is provided with a pushing up the rotary means for rotating lifting plants.

[0038] 可选的,还包括:自动灌溉施肥装置,用于对被测对象进行全生育期栽培管理、自动灌溉、自动施肥。 [0038] Optionally, further comprising: means automatic irrigation fertilization, growth period for the cultivation of the tested object management, automatic irrigation, fertilization automatically.

[0039] 可选的,还包括:数据采集控制模块,用于根据用户的指令设置检测平台的运行和检测方式,处理分析检测的数据,根据用户指令实时显示所述检测数据或根据用户指令向远程服务器实时传输所述检测数据。 [0039] Optionally, further comprising: a data acquisition and control module, and a detection mode for setting operation detection platform according to a user's instructions, data analysis and detection processing according to user instructions displaying the detection data in real time according to a user instruction or the remote server to transmit the detection data in real time.

[0040] 本发明实施例,传送植株倒检测室自动对植株进行检测,得到检测数据,从而实现植株全生育期的在线检测。 [0040] line detection embodiment of the invention, the plant is conveyed down detection chamber plants were automatically detected, the detection data obtained, in order to achieve growth period of the plants.

[0041] 实施例2 [0041] Example 2

[0042]图1为本发明实施例的作物检测系统的整体结构示意图,包括在线式传输平台、作物性状检测设备、检测室、自动灌溉/施肥装置、数据采集控制模块、数据处理终端。 [0042] FIG 1 a schematic view of the overall structure of crop detection system according to an embodiment of the present invention includes a transmission-line platform, the crop property detection device, the detection chamber, automatic irrigation / fertilization device, the data acquisition and control module, a data processing terminal.

[0043] 所述在线式传输平台是植株培育过程的载体平台,为加强空间的利用效率,其采用多层的空间结构,传送带上方固定有载物板,在传输平台的两端设计有提升和下降装置,植株可以随着传送带在整个传输平台的各层之间传动;传送带有一段被嵌入到检测室中,当植株需要被检测时,通过传送带被传送到检测室。 [0043] The transmission-line internet platform support plant breeding process, in order to strengthen the efficiency of space utilization, which employs spatial structure of plural layers, above the conveyor belt is fixed to loading plate, at both ends of the platform are designed to enhance the transmission and lowering means, the plants may vary between the layers of the entire transmission belt drive platform; some belt is embedded in the detection chamber when the plant needs to be detected, transferred to the detection chamber by a conveyor.

[0044] 本发明实施例中,传送带选用双带形式,从而便于制动机构及推升旋转装置的安装,利于排除杂物。 [0044] The embodiments of the present invention, the conveyor belt forms a double selection, thus facilitating the braking mechanism and push up the rotary device is mounted, is conducive to exclude debris. 植株在传送过程中的运动状态有直行和转弯两种。 Plants motion state during transmission are two kinds of straight and cornering. 如图2所示为直行示意图,载物板直行时活动块I下沉,使右侧两个岔道销伸出,卡在输送带活动块I的直行导槽内;活动块2上升,顶起岔道销,使左侧两个岔道销缩回,保证载物板直行。 Shown as straight a schematic, active loading plate 2 straight sink block I, the right-side two projecting fork pins, card conveyor straight guide groove of the movable block I; movable block 2 rises, jacking fork pins, two of the left fork pin is retracted, the loading plate to ensure straight. 图3所示为转弯示意图,载物板转弯时活动块2下沉,使左侧两个岔道销伸出,卡在输送带活动块2的转弯导槽内;活动块I上升,顶起岔道销,使右侧两个岔道销缩回,使得载物板转弯。 Figure 3 shows a schematic view of turning, the turning plate when the movable block loading sink 2, two of the left fork projecting pin, turning the card in the movable block conveyor belt 2 of the guide groove; I rise movable block, fork jacking pin, the right-side two fork pin is retracted, so that the loading plate turns.

[0045] 本发明实施例中,在植株在提升和下降过程中设计有植株保护装置,保障植株在提升和下降过程中保持稳定,防止跌落,同时采用气吹方式,使植株叶片向内靠拢,减小冠部直径,避免植株被损伤。 Embodiment [0045] In the present invention, in designing the plant in the process of lifting and lowering has a plant protection device to protect the plants are kept stable during the lifting and lowering, prevent falling, while using air blowing mode, the plants blade move inward, reducing the diameter of the crown, to avoid being damaged plants.

[0046] 所述植株性状检测设备包括机器视觉、热像、光谱、X光、叶绿素荧光、核磁等检测设备,通过对批量植株的在线式无损检测结合专用分析装置,获取育种材料的综合性状。 [0046] The plant comprises a machine vision property detection apparatus, thermal imaging, spectroscopy, X-ray, chlorophyll fluorescence and NMR detection equipment, by-line non-destructive testing of the batch plant specific binding analysis apparatus, obtaining information on general trait breeding material.

[0047] 所述检测室包含多种植株性状获取的传感装置以及数据采集卡,检测门采用自动控制系统控制,当植株传送到检测室自动门的视频检测区域时会自动进行开和关的控制,检测室中设置有定位传感器用来判定植株是否到达检测位置,当植株传送到此位置时自动停止,植株的检测位置根据检测需求设计有推升旋转装置,保证在检测过程中能够在合适的位置和角度实现植株性状的最佳获取,其中检测推升旋转装置气缸推升载物板,步进电机驱动同步带传动实现载物板的旋转,并保证旋转角度。 [0047] The sensing means comprises a plurality of detection chambers plant traits acquired and a data acquisition card, check door automatic control system, when the plant will be automatically transferred to the video detection zone chamber when the automatic door opening and closing control, the detection chamber is provided with a positioning sensor is used to determine whether the plant reaches the detection position, when the plant is transported to this location automatically stopped according to the detection position of the detection plant design needs to push up the rotating device, can be guaranteed in the detection process in a suitable and position angle to achieve the best plant traits acquired, wherein the rotation detecting means pushing up the cylinder to push up the loading plate, a stepping motor driven belt drive plate loading effect rotation and to ensure the rotation angle. 完成检测后,植株自动传送出检测室,下一株植株进入检测室进行重复操作。 After completion of the detection, the detection chamber automatic transfer plants, the plants into the detection chamber for a repeat operation.

[0048] 所述自动灌溉/施肥装置是可对所有被测对象进行全生育期栽培管理,满足植株全生育期在线式检测需求,同时可辅助植株抗逆性能研宄。 [0048] The automatic irrigation / fertilization means are available for all the measured object management growth period of cultivation, the plant-line inspection needs to satisfy growth period, while the auxiliary energy study based on plant resistance.

[0049] 数据处理终端是整个检测系统的控制中心,用于对数据进行采集、显示、存储控制。 [0049] The data processing terminal is the control center of the entire detection system for data acquisition, display, storage control. 包括在线式传输平台的运转以及传送路径的控制、检测室各个检测设备的自动控制等,完成对检测数据的接收并分析处理。 Comprising controlling the operation of transmission-line platform and a transmission path, automatic control device detecting the respective detection chambers, etc., to complete reception of the detection data processing and analysis. 数据采集控制模块可以根据用户设置,确定检测平台的运行和检测方式,处理分析检测的数据并作出决策,用户可以在控制终端上实时查看检测数据或通过远程网络服务器获取相关数据,实现植株综合性状的实时远程监测。 Data acquisition and control modules based on user settings to determine run and test mode detection platform, data processing analysis and detection of and make decisions, users can view real-time test data on the control terminal or the access to relevant data via a remote network server, achieve comprehensive character Plants real-time remote monitoring.

[0050] 本发明实施例适用于作物全生育期表型、组分、冠层温度、结构、基因表达、抗逆等育种性状参数的在线式无损获取。 [0050] Example-line parameters suitable for the breeding of crop growth period trait phenotypes, component, canopy temperature, structure, gene expression, resilience, etc. of the present invention lossless acquired.

[0051] 本发明实施例采用机器视觉三维成像设备及植株表面温度场成像模块,在线获取批量作物植株表观形态及温度分布信息,准确分析作物长势情况、病害情况、蒸腾特性、抗旱性及胁迫状态。 [0051] Example embodiments of the present invention, an image forming apparatus using three-dimensional machine vision and plant surface temperature field of the imaging module, available online batch of crop plants and temperature distribution information of surface morphology, accurate analysis of the crop, the disease, the characteristics of transpiration, resistance and drought stress status.

[0052] 本发明实施例采用叶绿素/蛋白空间分布荧光成像设备及光谱检测设备,实现批量植株叶绿素、氮素、水分、蛋白质、脂肪、纤维素等组分信息的检测与分析。 Example using chlorophyll detection and analysis / spatial distribution of the fluorescent protein and spectral imaging device detecting equipment, and composition information batch plant chlorophyll, nitrogen, moisture, protein, fat, fiber, etc. [0052] present invention.

[0053] 本发明实施例采用X射线透射检测设备及核磁共振检测设备,实现批量作物植株形态、发育状况、根系分布及对营养离子的吸收检测。 Example [0053] The present invention employs the X-ray transmission detection apparatus and NMR detection equipment, and batch of crop plant morphology, development status, root distribution and nutrient absorption detector ions.

[0054] 本发明实施例采用拉曼光谱快速检测设备,实现批量植株转基因性状的无损在线鉴定。 Example [0054] The present invention employs Raman spectroscopy rapid detection devices, identification of the batch plant lossless line of transgenic traits.

[0055] 本发明实施例采用自动灌溉/施肥设备,实现批量植株的在线式生长管理,满足植株全生育期检测需求。 Embodiment [0055] The present invention uses automatic irrigation / fertigation equipment, and online management batch plant growth, plant growth period to meet testing needs.

[0056] 本发明实施例采用在线式高精度称重传感器,实现植株水分情况的检测,可分析植株的蒸腾状况。 Embodiment [0056] The present invention use the online-precision weighing sensor is performed to detect plant water conditions, conditions may be analyzed plant transpiration.

[0057] 本发明实施例,相比单一设备对作物特定时期单一性状检测,可实现作物全生育期的综合性状的在线检测。 Example [0057] The present invention, as compared to a single device detects a single trait to crop a specific period, be integrated character line measurement of the crop growth period. 实现作物育种性状的综合评判,为育种决策提供数据支撑,有效提高育种效率,缩短育种流程。 Achieve comprehensive evaluation of breeding traits in crop breeding to provide data support for decision-making, improve breeding efficiency, shorten the breeding process.

[0058] 本领域的技术人员可以对本发明进行各种改动和变型而不脱离本发明的精神和范围。 [0058] Those skilled in the art can make various modifications and variations to the invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. 这样,倘若本发明的这些修改和变型属于本发明权利要求及其等同技术的范围之内,则本发明也意图包含这些改动和变型在内。 Thus, if these modifications and variations of the present invention fall within the claims of the invention and the scope of equivalents thereof, the present invention intends to include these modifications and variations.

Claims (7)

  1. 1.一种作物检测系统,其特征在于,包括: 在线式传输平台、作物性状检测设备、检测室、数据采集控制模块、数据处理终端; 所述在线式传输平台用于承载植株,所述在线式传输平台设置有传送植株的传送带; 所述检测室设置在所述在线式传输平台上,传送带穿过所述检测室,所述作物性状检测设备位于所述检测室内,所述作物性状检测设备,用于对进入所述检测室的植株进行检测,得到检测数据; 数据处理终端用于,对在线式传输平台的运转以及传送路径进行控制,对所述作物性状检测设备进行控制,获取所述检测数据并对所述检测数据进行分析处理; 所述在线式传输平台采用多层的空间结构,所述在线式传输平台设置有载物板,载物板固定在所述传送带上方,所述在线式传输平台的两端设置有提升和下降装置,植株随着所述传送带在所述 A crop detection system comprising: a transmission-line platform, the crop property detection device, the detection chamber, a data acquisition and control module, a data processing terminal; the transmission-line plant for carrying platform, the line type transmission with a transfer platform disposed conveyor plant; the detection chamber disposed on the transmission-line platform, a conveyor belt through the detection chamber, the crop trait detecting apparatus in the detection chamber, the detecting apparatus crop trait for the plants into the detection chamber is detected to obtain the detection data; a data processing terminal, and a transmission path for the operation of the transmission-line platform is controlled to control the crop property detection device, acquiring the said detection data and detection data for analysis; the transmission-line multi-layer structure of a space platform, the platform is provided with a transmission-line loading plate, the loading plate is fixed above the conveyor belt, the line both ends of the transmission-type platform with a lifting and lowering device is provided, in the plant as the conveyor belt 线式传输平台的各层之间传动,被检测的植株通过所述传送带传送至所述检测室内; 所述传送带上设置有作物保护装置,用于保障植株在提升和下降过程中保持稳定,防止跌落,同时采用气吹方式,使植株叶片向内靠拢。 Drive transmission wire between layers of the platform, is detected by the conveyor belt of the plant to the detection chamber; crop protection means provided on the conveyor belt, for the protection of plants are kept stable during the lifting and lowering, preventing drop, while using air blowing mode, the plants blade move inward.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的系统,其特征在于,所述作物性状检测设备包括以下至少一种设备:机器视觉检测设备、热像检测设备、光谱检测设备、X光检测设备、叶绿素荧光检测设备、电阻抗成像设备、核磁检测设备。 2. The system according to claim 1, wherein the plant trait detecting apparatus includes at least one device: the machine vision inspection equipment, thermal image detecting apparatus, spectral detection equipment, X-ray detection apparatus, detection of chlorophyll fluorescence equipment, electrical impedance imaging device, nuclear magnetic detection device.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的系统,其特征在于,所述检测室设置有检测门,所述检测门用于当植株传送到检测门的视频检测区域时,检测门自动打开。 3. The system of claim 1, wherein the detection chamber is provided with a detection threshold, a detection gate for detecting when the plants were transferred to a video detection region of the door when the door opens automatically detected.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1所述的系统,其特征在于,所述检测室内设置有定位传感器,用于当作物传送到预定位置时所述传送带停止。 4. The system of claim 1, wherein the detection chamber is provided with a positioning sensor, for, when the crop is transferred to a predetermined position of the belt is stopped.
  5. 5.根据权利要求1所述的系统,其特征在于,所述检测室内设置有推升旋转装置,用于提升旋转植株。 5. The system according to claim 1, characterized in that the detection chamber is provided with a pushing up the rotary means for rotating lifting plants.
  6. 6.根据权利要求1所述的系统,其特征在于,还包括:自动灌溉施肥装置,用于对被测对象进行全生育期栽培管理、自动灌溉、自动施肥。 6. The system according to claim 1, characterized in that, further comprising: means automatic irrigation fertilization, growth period for the cultivation of the tested object management, automatic irrigation, fertilization automatically.
  7. 7.根据权利要求1所述的系统,其特征在于,还包括: 数据采集控制模块,用于根据用户的指令设置检测平台的运行和检测方式,处理分析检测的数据,根据用户指令实时显示所述检测数据或根据用户指令向远程服务器实时传输所述检测数据。 7. The system according to claim 1, characterized in that, further comprising: a data acquisition and control module, and a detection mode for setting operation detection platform according to user's instruction, data analysis and detection processing, displaying the real time according to user instructions said detection data or real-time transmission of the detected data to a remote server according to a user instruction.
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