CN103982021A - Construction method of reinforced thermal insulating decoration system - Google Patents

Construction method of reinforced thermal insulating decoration system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103982021A
CN103982021A CN201410236162.5A CN201410236162A CN103982021A CN 103982021 A CN103982021 A CN 103982021A CN 201410236162 A CN201410236162 A CN 201410236162A CN 103982021 A CN103982021 A CN 103982021A
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China
Prior art keywords
construction
plate
decoration
insulation
thermal insulating
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Application number
CN201410236162.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103982021B (en
Inventor
律殿津
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Zhongqi Jiaojian Group Corp Ltd
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Zhongqi Jiaojian Group Corp Ltd
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Publication of CN103982021B publication Critical patent/CN103982021B/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to a construction method of a reinforced thermal insulating decoration system. The construction method comprise the sequential construction steps of preparing before construction, examining a base layer, dividing and snapping the line, mounting anchor bolts on a wall, coating the bottom surface of a shingle with an adhesive agent, pouring a glue in the anchor bolt holes of a thermal insulating compound board, spreading the glue on the bottom surface of the shingle, bonding the thermal insulating compound board, treating dividing joints, removing a protective film and cleaning the surfaces of the boards. The construction method has the advantages that a thermal insulation material is integrally combined with a stone facing so that the construction period is greatly shortened and the construction cost is saved, meanwhile, a reinforcing rib adopted functions in fire retardation and enhancing the soundness of the system, and the bonding and anchoring technologies are adopted to improve the safety of the construction process; besides, the construction method meets the national class A fire protection requirements and has excellent economic benefit and development prospect.

Description

A kind of ribs insulation and decoration system construction engineering method
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of building construction, be specifically related to a kind of ribs insulation and decoration system construction engineering method.
Background technology
Along with the develop rapidly of domestic economy, high-rise, super highrise building more and more enters our life, and exterior-wall heat insulation and lithotome decorative system are also applied in the exterior-wall heat insulation and decorative engineering of various buildings widely.But insulation is first carried out in exterior-wall heat insulation in the past and the general employing of lithotome decorative system traditional handicraft, then by dry-hanging method, stone material formal layout is installed, is wasted time and energy.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to solve the problems of the technologies described above and a kind of ribs insulation and decoration system construction engineering method is provided.
For achieving the above object, the present invention is by the following technical solutions:
A ribs insulation and decoration system construction engineering method, is undertaken by following sequence of construction: before construction, prepare → check basic unit → lattice, snap the line → install crab-bolt → shingle nail coated on bottom side interfacial agents → thermal insulating composite panel anchor hole encapsulating → shingle nail bottom surface cloth glue → paste heat-preserving composite plate → processing dividing joint → take off diaphragm, cleaner plate face on metope; Wherein, while crab-bolt being installed on metope, the position of first having measured on the wall preformed hole on thermal insulating composite panel, then with Churn drill, according to measured position, punch, when crab-bolt is installed, anchoring disk and body of wall are tightly affixed, more threaded holdfast is screwed in anchoring base, formation is similar to the connection structure of expansion bolt, chooses one section of stainless steel lag screws outward; During paste heat-preserving composite plate, adopt and rub subsides mode, the air of alite paste and sheet material inside is all discharged; While processing dividing joint, clog polystyrene foam bar between lattice gap, filling height is 4-6mm apart from plate face, according to the width snap the line of dividing joint design, sturdy with paper self-adhesive tape leeched line, then the blade coating elasticity fluid sealant of resistance to marquis, throws off paper self-adhesive tape after gluing.
Wherein, when paste heat-preserving composite plate, between plate and plate, the gap of reserved 2-5cm is as dividing joint.
Wherein, when pasting circular arc or Special-Shaped Surface, add upper outside firmware and fix, at least after 48-72h, remove again.
The present invention is by being combined as a whole heat insulating material and stone facing, thereby greatly shorten the construction period, save construction cost, ribs had both played fire retardation simultaneously, strengthened again system robust, paste anchoring and improved the safety of work progress, and reach the fire protection requirement of national A level, have good economic benefit and development prospect.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The structural representation of the ribs insulation and decoration system that the construction that Fig. 1 is depicted as the embodiment of the present invention to be provided forms afterwards.
The specific embodiment
Below, in conjunction with example, substantive distinguishing features of the present invention and advantage are further described, but the present invention is not limited to listed embodiment.
A ribs insulation and decoration system construction engineering method, is undertaken by following sequence of construction: before construction, prepare → check basic unit → lattice, snap the line → install crab-bolt → shingle nail coated on bottom side interfacial agents → thermal insulating composite panel anchor hole encapsulating → shingle nail bottom surface cloth glue → paste heat-preserving composite plate → processing dividing joint → take off diaphragm, cleaner plate face on metope.
Shown in Figure 1, described thermal insulating composite panel has six faces, each face is provided with glass fiber network and strengthens polymer mortar, inside be surrounded by thickness and be the heat insulating material 2 that the EPS warming plate of 50mm is made, and in centre, be provided with ribs structure (not shown), the stone facing 6 of 6mm strengthens polymer mortar 4 connection heat insulating materials 2 by the glass fiber network in outside, the inner side of described heat insulating material 2 joins by high molecular polymer bonding mortar 1 and base course wall by being located at the glass fiber network enhancing polymer mortar 2 of inner side, glass fiber network enhancing polymer mortar 3 by upper and lower end face between the upper and lower end face of each thermal insulating composite panel joins, left and right sides end face strengthens polymer mortar (not shown) by the glass fiber network on the side of left and right.
Described thermal insulating composite panel strengthens polymer mortar composite bed shell by heat insulating material 2--EPS warming plate being all wrapped in to firm glass fiber network, centre arranges ribs structure, every composite plate is formed by a plurality of shell combination, thereby greatly strengthened the intensity of thermal insulating composite panel, there is good fireproof performance simultaneously, reach the fire protection requirement of national A level.The plane materiel of this system--stone facing 6 back sides fit tightly in glass network and strengthen on polymer mortar 4, be subject to the surface layer that only has that weathering affects, and stone material inside need not bore a hole, although only have 3-8mm thick, weather resistance performance still can reach and building with the requirement in life-span.
Carry out after the front preparation of construction, when checking basic unit, base layer quality is required be: basic floated coat should be non-foaming, not drop, plastering quality reaches 1: 3 grade of cement mortar, when concrete surface needs levelling, first smears one deck special bottom layer binder and uses cement mortar screeding again.Basic unit's surface finish allowable variation of plastering is 5mm, facade verticality allowable variation is 5mm, the 10M of generally take is long as detecting size section, external corner and ornamental tape all will be in the above bracing wire inspections of 10M, large plane also must check in diagonal bracing wire, by eminence is carried out to chipping, lower adopts the method for plaster leveling to make degree of plainness for wall surface reach allowable variation requirement again.When meeting strong wind, should stopping construction when raining heavyly, winter construction surface of wall temperature must not, lower than 4 ℃, during hot weather construction, not make cementing agent airing overlong time, in order to avoid affect its adhesion strength.
Row's plate, lattice, snap the line should meet the following requirements: should arrange plate by designing requirement, and the width of definite dividing joint.
It should be noted that, when hot weather construction, should make surface of wall trickle moistening, i.e. hot weather construction should be wetting with clear water by metope.
Shown in Figure 1, while (screw-on) crab-bolt 8 being installed on metope, the position of first having measured on the wall preformed hole on thermal insulating composite panel, then with Churn drill, according to measured position, on body of wall, punch, when crab-bolt is installed, anchoring disk 7 and body of wall are tightly affixed, guarantee that crab-bolt is firmly connected in body of wall, again threaded crab-bolt is screwed in anchoring base, form the connection structure that is similar to expansion bolt, choose one section of stainless steel lag screws outward.
Preformed hole is made by the pore-forming mould of plastics 9 of moulding by manufacturer, one-body molded with the sheet material of thermal insulating composite panel, stay on ribs, and from limit 10-20 centimeters, every block of sheet material stays 4 preformed holes, the material that each engineering of constructing is for convenience the used position consistency of leaving a blank.
During paste heat-preserving composite plate, by exposing (choosing) stainless steel lag screws, penetrate in the preformed hole of filling sticking mortar 10 of sheet material of thermal insulating composite panel, after mortar solidifies, crab-bolt becomes one sheet material body of wall, has played the anchorage effect to sheet material.
Install after crab-bolt, in shingle nail coated on bottom side interfacial agents, interfacial agents should be brushed evenly.
Preparation cementing agent: add appropriate water in bonding adhesive, stir and can use with electric mixer, more suitably increase and decrease the addition (smooth with blade coating, not flow pendant and be advisable) of clear water according to temperature height.Cementing agent Ying Suiyong is with stirring, and the cementing agent being stirred must be finished in 2-4 hour.Through scene, repeatedly construction experience is learnt, mixing ratio is adhesive mortar: the about 18%-22% of water can reach best sticking effect.
Thermal insulating composite panel anchor hole encapsulating: fill polymer grout in composite plate preformed hole.
Shingle nail bottom surface cloth glue: use trowel polymer grout full coat on thermal insulating composite panel bottom surface.
During paste heat-preserving composite plate, composite plate is rubbed and is attached to surface of wall, squeeze and rub in process and the air of alite paste and sheet material inside all must be discharged, can not occur hollowing phenomenon, finally adjust the planeness of plate face and the width of dividing joint.
In order to guarantee construction quality, paste ribs heat-insulating decorative composite board and should note following item:
1) in order to guarantee the planeness of plate face, in sticking construction, by a length, be not less than the chi inspection of 2m, reveal gap and answer < 3mm.
2) while boning circular arc or shaped face, must add upper outside fastener and fix, after 48-72 hour, just can pull down setting fastener.
3) should reserve 2-5mm gap as process adjustments size during pasting board.
While processing dividing joint, by following requirement, undertaken:
1) between dividing joint, clog polystyrene foam bar, filling height is 4-6mm apart from plate face.
2) according to the width snap the line of dividing joint design, then use paper self-adhesive tape leeched line sturdy, then the blade coating high-quality elasticity fluid sealant of resistance to marquis, after gluing, should throw off immediately paper self-adhesive tape.
Remove diaphragm, cleaner plate face
Throw off diaphragm, cleaner plate face, to positions such as the entrance that may bump in the position that may pollute because of successive projects and construction, passage, external corners, should take temporary protection measure.The general composite plate that is 600 * 300 by specification, sticks on metope by job specfication requirement, after natural drying 28 days, does drawing experiment, answer >=1.3Mpa of tensile strength.
Ribs insulation and decoration system construction engineering method of the present invention, construction materials have effectively been reduced, heat insulating material EPS plate and stone facing are combined as a whole, thereby greatly shorten the construction period, save construction cost, simultaneously, ribs had both played fire retardation, strengthened again system robust, improved the safety of work progress, native system reaches the fire protection requirement of national A level.By system and basic unit's anchoring, guaranteed the reliability of insulation and decoration system.
Ribs insulation and decoration system construction technology of the present invention can be saved steel 100%; The stone material of this system applies is that the ultrathin natural stone sheet material of 3-8 millimeter can be saved rock material resource 60%, reaches same construction effect, than the every square meter of traditional handicraft, will save 150 yuan of-200 yuan of left and right.Native system fabrication and installation are lightly convenient, and efficiency of construction is high, speed of application is fast, can the reduction of erection time more than 30%.Overall economic efficiency is very remarkable.
Being widely used of ribs insulation and decoration system construction technology of the present invention can reduce stone material consumption, is conducive to reduce the use of the rock resource of China, reduces the destruction of ecological environment, meets the fundamental state policy of China's sustainable development.This system is one-body molded, belongs to extensive one-tenth and produces, and effectively reduces the waste of material problem producing because of a variety of causes in work progress, for the development of building batch production, has played impetus.In work progress, can not cause secondary pollution to environment, realize zero-emission, effectively accomplish energy-saving and emission-reduction.This system construction is easy, can effectively reduce workman's labour intensity.
Ribs insulation and decoration system of the present invention has following characteristics:
1, save material
Because ribs insulation and decoration system is by insulation and decorates the system in conjunction with construction, so apply the engineering of this system, than the engineering that is first incubated again dry-hang stone, shorten man-hour 2/3; This system need not be cladding, so save steel 100%; The stone material of this system applies is the ultrathin natural stone sheet material of 3-8 millimeter, saves rock material resource 60%, lightens the load 60%, and various performances all add the performance of dry-hang stone construction technology higher than tradition insulation.
2, fireproof performance is good
Because ribs insulation and decoration system is finish coat and insulation layer to be fitted tightly and warming plate is cut off by ribs completely every 6 centimetres, the back side is polymer mortar, can effectively block burning things which may cause a fire disaster, also can only make it melt, and can not make its burning even if run into naked light.
3, long service life, good waterproof performance
Ribs insulation and decoration system is because the reprocessing processing to stone material of the lithotome that its surface is stable chemical performance process, polymer grout and heat insulating material etc. all cover below stone material, and combine closely, whole system can reach and the same life-span of building.Through economizing verification test Spot detection, system heat/rain cycle 80 times, hot cold cycle 10 times, surperficial flawless freeze thawing 10 circulations surperficial flawless, hollowings, the phenomenon such as bubbles, peels off.Wind-Pressure Resistance value 6KPa, comprehensive thermal resistance 1.156 (㎡ K)/W, impact strength 10J impacts at 10 without destroying, and impermeability is anhydrous infiltration inside sample overcoat.
The good physical property of ribs insulation and decoration system of the present invention, makes it have good refractoriness and compliance widely.This technology easy construction, can guarantee good construction quality, is also conducive to civilized construction simultaneously.By optimizing it, paste agent polymer grout match ratio, improve its adhesive property; By system and basic unit's anchoring, guaranteed the reliability of insulation and decoration system, simplified working procedure, shortened the duration, obtained good economic benefit and social benefit.
This engineering method popularizing application prospect is wide.China's building is more and more to appearance requirement at present, this system can guarantee heat-insulating property, material fire prevention, the energy-conservation material that subtracts, durable easy construction, the requirements such as reduction of erection time, can change again multiple plane materiel construction, reach desirable appearance effect, can become the desirable thermal insulation decorative material of future architecture.
[0038] the above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention; it should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention; can also make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention.Ribs insulation and decoration system construction engineering method.

Claims (4)

1. a ribs insulation and decoration system construction engineering method, it is characterized in that, by following sequence of construction, undertaken: before construction, prepare → check basic unit → lattice, snap the line → install crab-bolt → shingle nail coated on bottom side interfacial agents → thermal insulating composite panel anchor hole encapsulating → shingle nail bottom surface cloth glue → paste heat-preserving composite plate → processing dividing joint → take off diaphragm, cleaner plate face on metope; Wherein, while crab-bolt being installed on metope, the position of first having measured on the wall preformed hole on thermal insulating composite panel, then with Churn drill, according to measured position, punch, when crab-bolt is installed, anchoring disk and body of wall are tightly affixed, more threaded holdfast is screwed in anchoring base, formation is similar to the connection structure of expansion bolt, chooses one section of stainless steel lag screws outward; During paste heat-preserving composite plate, adopt and rub subsides mode, the air of alite paste and sheet material inside is all discharged; While processing dividing joint, clog polystyrene foam bar between lattice gap, filling height is 4-6mm apart from plate face, according to the width snap the line of dividing joint design, sturdy with paper self-adhesive tape leeched line, then the blade coating elasticity fluid sealant of resistance to marquis, throws off paper self-adhesive tape after gluing.
2. ribs insulation and decoration system construction engineering method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, when paste heat-preserving composite plate, between plate and plate, the gap of reserved 2-5cm is as dividing joint.
3. ribs insulation and decoration system construction engineering method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, adds upper outside firmware and fix when pasting circular arc or Special-Shaped Surface, at least after 48-72h, removes again.
4. ribs insulation and decoration system construction engineering method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, when hot weather construction, installs before crab-bolt on metope, should first make metope trickle moistening.
CN201410236162.5A 2014-05-29 2014-05-29 A kind of ribs insulation and decoration system construction engineering method Expired - Fee Related CN103982021B (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105201166A (en) * 2015-10-23 2015-12-30 北京艺高世纪科技股份有限公司 Elastic thick marble-imitated coating and brushing process thereof
CN105507526A (en) * 2014-09-27 2016-04-20 花海东 Construction process of back-bolted insulation and decoration integrated panel system
CN108915200A (en) * 2018-07-16 2018-11-30 上海紫霓节能科技有限公司 GRC art stone heat-insulating decorative composite board is pasted plus anchoring installation method
CN109184122A (en) * 2018-11-06 2019-01-11 江苏东保装饰集团有限公司 A kind of building heat preservation decorative integrated plate construction technology
CN109577590A (en) * 2018-11-29 2019-04-05 武汉市盘龙明达建筑有限公司 A kind of work of nature stone decorative construction method
CN109723155A (en) * 2019-01-15 2019-05-07 博洛尼家居装饰(北京)有限公司 The isothermal holding method of finishing
CN110306744A (en) * 2019-04-25 2019-10-08 克拉玛依市住房和城乡建设局 A kind of installation method building outer wall decorating insulation board
CN111764652A (en) * 2020-07-21 2020-10-13 中亿丰建设集团股份有限公司 Construction method of external wall heat-insulation decorative composite board

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0333360A (en) * 1989-06-29 1991-02-13 Shimizu Corp Tile facing exterior technique
CN101168994A (en) * 2007-11-30 2008-04-30 康玉范 Outside thermal insulation construction method for anchoring and sticking composite thermal insulation plate outside wall
CN101280615A (en) * 2007-11-22 2008-10-08 蔡哲安 Stone panel wall construction method
CN201193388Y (en) * 2008-04-23 2009-02-11 李丙银 Ultrathin face brick composite thermal insulation decorative board
CN201343840Y (en) * 2009-01-07 2009-11-11 河北北方绿野居住环境发展有限公司 Mechanical fixed-type external wall insulation decorative board

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0333360A (en) * 1989-06-29 1991-02-13 Shimizu Corp Tile facing exterior technique
CN101280615A (en) * 2007-11-22 2008-10-08 蔡哲安 Stone panel wall construction method
CN101168994A (en) * 2007-11-30 2008-04-30 康玉范 Outside thermal insulation construction method for anchoring and sticking composite thermal insulation plate outside wall
CN201193388Y (en) * 2008-04-23 2009-02-11 李丙银 Ultrathin face brick composite thermal insulation decorative board
CN201343840Y (en) * 2009-01-07 2009-11-11 河北北方绿野居住环境发展有限公司 Mechanical fixed-type external wall insulation decorative board

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105507526A (en) * 2014-09-27 2016-04-20 花海东 Construction process of back-bolted insulation and decoration integrated panel system
CN105201166A (en) * 2015-10-23 2015-12-30 北京艺高世纪科技股份有限公司 Elastic thick marble-imitated coating and brushing process thereof
CN108915200A (en) * 2018-07-16 2018-11-30 上海紫霓节能科技有限公司 GRC art stone heat-insulating decorative composite board is pasted plus anchoring installation method
CN109184122A (en) * 2018-11-06 2019-01-11 江苏东保装饰集团有限公司 A kind of building heat preservation decorative integrated plate construction technology
CN109577590A (en) * 2018-11-29 2019-04-05 武汉市盘龙明达建筑有限公司 A kind of work of nature stone decorative construction method
CN109723155A (en) * 2019-01-15 2019-05-07 博洛尼家居装饰(北京)有限公司 The isothermal holding method of finishing
CN110306744A (en) * 2019-04-25 2019-10-08 克拉玛依市住房和城乡建设局 A kind of installation method building outer wall decorating insulation board
CN111764652A (en) * 2020-07-21 2020-10-13 中亿丰建设集团股份有限公司 Construction method of external wall heat-insulation decorative composite board

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