CN103979383B - Building operation multiple layer up-down plateform system - Google Patents

Building operation multiple layer up-down plateform system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103979383B
CN103979383B CN201410176504.9A CN201410176504A CN103979383B CN 103979383 B CN103979383 B CN 103979383B CN 201410176504 A CN201410176504 A CN 201410176504A CN 103979383 B CN103979383 B CN 103979383B
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China
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platform
elevator
service platform
column
building
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CN201410176504.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103979383A (en
Inventor
钟世宪
王乔
钟锋
马华伟
刘真泉
王士法
徐福祥
袁辉鹏
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山东腾飞建设机械工程有限公司
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Priority to CN201410176504.9A priority Critical patent/CN103979383B/en
Publication of CN103979383A publication Critical patent/CN103979383A/en
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Publication of CN103979383B publication Critical patent/CN103979383B/en

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Abstract

The present invention proposes a kind of multiple layer up-down platform, make it not only to be applicable to building main body construction, but also outer decoration construction can be applied to simultaneously, the present situation that current building body and outer decoration construction process need install and use two kinds of different work facilities can be changed.The present invention is realized by following measures: a kind of building operation multiple layer up-down plateform system, it is characterized in that: the stock that comprise column, can run along column up and down and the service platform be connected on stock, column is connected with building every a certain distance by wall-attached frame, be also equipped with above column independent of service platform can between ground and service platform the elevator of high-speed cruising.The present invention proposes a kind of supporting and form the elevator of the transport personnel material of system with building operation lifting table, this system can provide the service platform of workmen, simultaneously workmen and material can be transported to service platform, to raising operating efficiency, eliminate safe hidden trouble significant.

Description

Building operation multiple layer up-down plateform system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of be applicable to building body and outer decoration construction multiple layer up-down platform and elevator system supporting with it and method of work thereof.
Background technology
Building operation is divided into main body construction and internal and external ornament to construct two stages, and at present in the main body construction stage, multilayer and low-rise building generally adopt floor type scaffold, and skyscraper generally adopts overhanging scaffold.Attached lifting scaffold is owing to setting up complexity, and only more than 50 meters, in high-building construction, part adopts, and due to lifting action complicated operation, can not the reason such as segmentation lifting, building external decoration work progress can not be applied to.After main body construction binds, need above-mentioned scaffold to remove, then adopt aerial work basket to carry out building external decoration construction.Therefore, at present domestic still do not have a kind of can be applicable to main body construction, again can be applied to simultaneously building external decoration construction safe and reliable operation facility or equipment.Work progress needs to install and use two kinds of different operation facilities, and cost is large, efficiency is low.
There is company from having introduced electronic construction lifting platform abroad, providing a people or many people to work simultaneously thereon.As shown in Figure 1: platform structure adopts individual layer platform, and workmen can only at of a building level operations; As shown in Figure 2: attended operation platform adopts along the stock that column runs that 6 rollers only contact with 2 main limbs of column, column power transmission point is few, poor rigidity, causes the cantilever height going up a more than attachment point to be most restricted; As shown in Figure 3: cantilever height has just exceeded 2 floor heights of building.The spacing of general operation platform wall-attached frame is just 2 floor heights, when building main body construction, particularly concrete main body structure, needs regular hour maintenance.If service platform cantilever height has just exceeded 2 floor heights of building, just in the agent structure not reaching curing cycle, wall-attached frame cannot be installed, so this type of electronic construction lifting platform can not adapt to the requirement in main body construction stage, building external decoration construction can only be used at present.Simultaneously because cost is high, use in the building external decoration stage separately and cannot compete with aerial work basket economy, seldom use in engineering at present.
In current building operation, the transport of operating personal and required material mainly adopts building hoist and tower machine.In the main body construction stage, personnel and material need first to be transported in building or the scope of operation, then by rehandling, have bad luck on scaffold or service platform; Decoration stage outside, general tower machine is removed, the transport of personnel and material can only lean on building hoist, especially external decoration material used, need to be introduced into interior of building, rehandling is to scaffold or service platform again, has had a strong impact on operating efficiency, adds the labour intensity of workman, there is potential safety hazard.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is in order to overcome the deficiency of above technology, propose a kind of multiple layer up-down platform, make it not only to be applicable to building main body construction, but also outer decoration construction can be applied to simultaneously, the present situation that current building body and outer decoration construction process need install and use two kinds of different work facilities can be changed.The present invention proposes a kind of supporting and form the elevator of the transport personnel material of system with building operation lifting table, this system can provide the service platform of workmen, simultaneously workmen and material can be transported to service platform, to raising operating efficiency, eliminate safe hidden trouble significant.
The present invention is realized by following measures:
A kind of building operation multiple layer up-down plateform system, it is characterized in that: the stock that comprise column, can run along column up and down and the service platform be connected on stock, column is connected with building every a certain distance by wall-attached frame, be also equipped with above column independent of service platform can between ground and service platform the elevator of high-speed cruising.
According to described building operation multiple layer up-down plateform system, described elevator adopts six elevator rollers to contact with two main limbs outside column, and elevator is provided with fall protector.
According to described building operation multiple layer up-down plateform system, described is connected to service platform adopts eight rollers and column four main limb uniform contact along the stock that column runs;
Described service platform comprises upper strata main operation platform and is suspended on the auxiliary platform below upper strata main operation platform, auxiliary platform is provided with arrangement for adjusting height, arrangement for adjusting height comprises two steel pipes connected together, and steel pipe is fixed through two steel pipes by set pin.
According to described building operation multiple layer up-down plateform system, the stock of upper strata main operation platform is provided with suspension rod, the mating operation platform docked with elevator is had outside upper strata main operation platform, mating operation platform is provided with the pilot bar to downward-extension, elevator is equipped with the cat ladder protruded upward, main operation platform in upper strata is also mounted with detouchable cat ladder;
Described service platform is provided with service platform limit switch and limit switch assembly, service platform is provided with the service platform collision block stretched out downwards, elevator is provided with elevator collision block, elevator is provided with elevator limit switch and limit switch assembly.
The present invention mainly contains following characteristics:
1, be not only applicable to building main body construction, but also the operation of outer decoration construction can be applied to simultaneously;
2, adopt multilayer service platform scheme, as required, workmen can simultaneously at individual layer, up and down two-layer or tri-level construction scope of operation operation, the installation of large form supporting and building industrialization component end item when being particularly suitable for main body construction;
3, adopt the structure hanging auxiliary platform 6 at main platform, stressed more rationally, structure is lighter and handier, makes safety monitoring system more succinct reliably simultaneously;
4, the diff-H between multilayer platform can according to different floor gap apart from adjusting;
5, this system adopt independent of service platform, can the elevator of high-speed cruising.Except can providing the service platform of workmen, can equipment of itself be utilized simultaneously, complete the transhipment of workmen and material efficiently, solve and utilize other preparation of construction to transport in the past, need the difficult problem that secondary is transported;
6, this system possesses and improves failure-free safety monitoring system.Elevator and service platform close to time, the first operation of system for stopping elevators, then starts platform and declines, possess ramp to stop, prevents the function of colliding, and make it to reach transhipment state;
7, after reaching transhipment state, this system possesses the escape way of a kind of personnel from elevator to service platform;
8, after reaching transhipment state, the suspension rod installed on the operational platform is utilized, the material in handling elevator;
9, the present invention uses in skyscraper particularly high-rise building, can increase substantially the operating efficiency of CONSTRUCTION OPERATIONS platform, enhances the feasibility that CONSTRUCTION OPERATIONS platform is promoted the use of.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is conventional monolayers service platform schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is conventional monolayers service platform stock and column main limb contact structures schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 is the cantilever height schematic diagram that a more than attachment point gone up most by individual layer service platform.
Fig. 4 is major-minor structure pattern multilayer service platform schematic diagram.
Fig. 5 is that CONSTRUCTION OPERATIONS platform and personnel's material transport elevator system front view.
Fig. 6 service platform partial top view.
Fig. 7 is multilayer service platform stock and column main limb contact structures schematic diagram.
Fig. 8 is the cantilever height schematic diagram that a more than attachment point gone up most by multilayer service platform.
Fig. 9 is auxiliary platform hanging rod member arrangement for adjusting height schematic diagram.
Figure 10 is building operation lifting operation platform birds-eye view.
Figure 11 personnel material transports elevator system birds-eye view.
Figure 12 is the part B enlarged view of Figure 10.
Figure 13 is CONSTRUCTION OPERATIONS platform and personnel's material elevator system front view.
In figure, 1, column; 2, stock; 3, upper strata main operation platform; 4, wall-attached frame; 5, building; 6, auxiliary platform; 7, suspension rod; 8, cat ladder; 9, elevator; 10, mating operation platform; 11, arrangement for adjusting height; 12, elevator roller; 13, anti-falling elevator protector; 14, service platform limit switch and limit switch assembly; 15, service platform collision block; 16, elevator collision block; 17, elevator limit switch and limit switch assembly; 18, pilot bar; 19, charge basket.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention is applicable to the multiple layer up-down platform of building body and exterior construction and elevator supporting with it, comprise adopt attaching frame to be connected and fixed with building column 1, the stock 2 that can run along column about 1, be connected to main platform on stock 2 and by the auxiliary platform 6 that adjustable rod is connected, also comprise independent of lifting table, can the elevator 9 of high-speed cruising.The column 1 that this elevator utilizes lifting table to run, as track, transports personnel's material between ground and platform.
That the present invention also comprises a kind of four sides shroud ring, that attended operation platform runs along column 1 stock 2, as shown in Figure 6.Stock 2 adopts four main limb uniform contact of eight rollers and column 1, eliminates the defect (as shown in Figure 2) that external electronic construction lifting platform stock adopts six rollers only to contact with column two main limbs.The present invention strengthens the cross section of column simultaneously, improves the rigidity of column 1, make column 1 can more than three building storey heights in the cantilever height of wall-attached frame more than 4, ensure that the wall-attached frame spacing of two floor heights in main body construction process, building main body construction can be applicable to realizing service platform, outer decoration construction can be applied to again simultaneously and serve key role, as shown in Figure 7.Therefore, the present invention can be applicable to building body and outer decoration construction simultaneously.
Multilayer service platform of the present invention hangs the version of one deck or two-layer auxiliary platform 6.First, from structure stress more rationally, structure is lighter and handier, from heavy and light; Secondly, only sensor can be set on upper strata main operation platform 3, just can detect the load parameter on multilayer platform, as shown in Figure 4.
As shown in Figure 9: under the main platform of the present invention, hang auxiliary platform 6, connection suspension rod is provided with arrangement for adjusting height 11, the spacing of multilayer platform can be adjusted according to the floor height of building before stage+module, adapt to workmen better and operate at multilayer operation side simultaneously.
The present invention be also equipped with a kind of independent of lifting table, can the elevator 9 of high-speed cruising.The track of the column 1 that this elevator 9 utilizes service platform to run, transports personnel's material between ground and service platform.Its operating mechanism's driven wheel runs along the tooth bar that column 1 is installed, and is provided with anti-falling elevator protector 13.As shown in figure 11, this equipment adopts six rollers to contact with two main limbs of (away from building side) outside column 1, and the wall-attached frame 4 be in operation with column 1 can be avoided to interfere, and ensures operating steadily reliably between ground and service platform.Elevator 9 liang of side direction building body directions extend, constructability personnel dismounting wall-attached frame 4.
The present invention also installs the safety monitoring system of a set of building operation lifting operation platform and elevator system, can monitor the load carrying ability of elevator 9, when elevator 9 and service platform close to time, can realize slows down prevents the function of colliding.As shown in figure 13: elevator 9 is provided with limit switch and limit switch, when Proximity operation platform, the service platform collision block 15 stretched out downwards is on the operational platform installed, contacts with limit switch assembly 17 with the elevator limit switch of elevator 9, make elevator 9 out of service, prevent collision.
After elevator 9 stops, the mode of decline platform is taked to make itself and elevator 9 close, so that the transhipment of personnel and material; Service platform is also provided with service platform limit switch and limit switch assembly 14, when service platform declines, elevator 9 is provided with the elevator collision block 16 protruded upward, contacts with limit switch assembly 14 with service platform limit switch, cut off the power supply of platform, prevent from colliding with elevator 9.
The invention still further relates to a kind of personnel from elevator 9 to the escape way of service platform.Elevator 9 is out of service afterwards, service platform is close further, and reach the transhipment state of service platform and personnel's material transport elevator 9, as shown in Figure 6, service platform is provided with the mating operation platform 10 docked with elevator.As shown in figure 13, elevator has the cat ladder 8 protruded upward, can arrive bottom auxiliary platform in transhipment state, workmen can proceed to auxiliary platform 6 by cat ladder 8.After reaching the transhipment state of building service platform and elevator 9 system, as shown in figure 13, utilize and install suspension rod 7 on the operational platform, to sling the material in filling place 19 along pilot bar 18, workmen can expect service platform is constructed by load on mating operation platform 10.
Be applicable to the multiple layer up-down platform of building body and exterior construction and elevator system supporting with it below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments to of the present invention simultaneously, be described further.
With reference to accompanying drawing 4, the present invention forms multiple layer up-down service platform by column 1, the stock 2 that can run along column about 1, upper strata main operation platform 3, the auxiliary platform 6 hung under main operation platform 3.Multilayer service platform adopts upper strata main operation platform 3, hangs the version of one deck or two-layer auxiliary platform 6.
With reference to accompanying drawing 7, stock 2 adopts four main limb uniform contact of 8 rollers and column 1, eliminate the defect (with reference to accompanying drawing 2) that external electronic construction lifting platform stock adopts six rollers only to contact with column 1 two main limbs, the cross section of the column 1 simultaneously strengthened makes column more than three building storey heights, can ensure wall-attached frame 4 spacing of two floor heights in main body construction process in the cantilever height of wall-attached frame more than 4.With reference to accompanying drawing 7, the present invention can be applicable to building body and outer decoration construction simultaneously.
With reference to accompanying drawing 9, connect on suspension rod at auxiliary platform 6 and be provided with arrangement for adjusting height 11, it is be connected together by two steel pipe sockets that auxiliary platform 6 hangs rod member arrangement for adjusting height 11, steel pipe is installed with set pin, the degree of depth inserted by regulating fine steel tube just according to the spacing of the floor height adjustment auxiliary platform 6 of building, can adapt to workmen and operates at multilayer operation side simultaneously better.
With reference to accompanying drawing 6, CONSTRUCTION OPERATIONS platform comprises column 1, the stock 2 that runs along column about 1 and the upper strata main operation platform 3 be connected on stock 2, and column 1 is connected with building 5 at spacing intervals by wall-attached frame 4.The stock 2 being arranged on service platform there is the suspension rod 7 that can lift goods, the demountable cat ladder 8 also having activity is on the operational platform installed, operating personal utilizes this ladder can major-minor platform up and down, this outer column 1 is equipped with independent of service platform, the mating operation platform 10 that can the elevator 9 of high-speed cruising and fitting operation platform dock with elevator 9.
With reference to accompanying drawing 11, elevator 9 adopts six elevator rollers 12 to contact with two main limbs of (away from building side) outside column 1, the wall-attached frame 4 be in operation with column 1 can be avoided to interfere, ensure to operate steadily reliable between ground and service platform, elevator 9 driven wheel runs along the tooth bar that column 1 is installed.
With reference to accompanying drawing 13; service platform is provided with service platform limit switch and limit switch assembly 14; elevator 9 is provided with the elevator collision block 16 protruded upward; elevator 9 is provided with elevator limit switch and limit switch assembly 17; elevator 9 is also provided with anti-falling elevator protector 13, and service platform is provided with the service platform collision block 15 stretched out downwards.
It is a kind of that to be applicable to the multiple layer up-down platform of building body and exterior construction and the installation of elevator system supporting with it and using method as follows simultaneously,
1) first column 1 is installed, according to use height, generally needs to adopt wall-attached frame 4 column and building 5 to be connected and fixed;
2) install stock 2, stock 2 adopts four main limb uniform contact of eight rollers and column 1;
3) install major-minor service platform, main operation platform in upper strata hangs auxiliary platform 63 times, and connection suspension rod is provided with arrangement for adjusting height 11, and it according to the floor height of building, can adjust the spacing of multilayer platform before stage+module;
4) elevator 9 is installed.Elevator 9 adopts six elevator rollers 12 to contact with 2 main limbs of (away from building side) outside column 1, the wall-attached frame 4 be in operation with column can be avoided to interfere, its operating mechanism's driven wheel along the tooth bar high-speed cruising that column 1 is installed, and is provided with anti-falling elevator protector 13;
5) suspension rod 7 that can lift goods is installed on service platform stock 2, on the operational platform mating operation platform 10 is installed, mating operation platform 10 is installed pilot bar 18;
6) fitting operation platform limit switch and limit switch assembly 14, service platform collision block 15 on the operational platform; Elevator 9 is installed elevator limit switch and limit switch assembly 17, elevator collision block 16.
Elevator and service platform close to time, to slow down, the realization of crashproof, transport function.
1) elevator 9 is when Proximity operation platform, installs the operator's station collision block 15 stretched out on the operational platform downwards and contacts with limit switch assembly 17 with elevator limit switch, make elevator 9 out of service, prevent from colliding with service platform.
2), after elevator 9 stops, the mode of decline platform is taked to make itself and elevator 9 close, so that the transhipment of personnel and material; When service platform declines, elevator collision block 16 contacts with limit switch assembly 14 with service platform limit switch, the power supply of rupturing operation platform, prevents from colliding with elevator 9.
3), after reaching the transhipment state of building service platform and personnel's material transport elevator system, the cat ladder 8 on mating operation platform 10 can arrive in the cage of elevator 9, and workmen can proceed to service platform work by cat ladder 8.
4), after reaching the transhipment state of building service platform and elevator system, utilize the suspension rod 7 installed on the operational platform, the material sling in elevator, load can be expected on service platform by workmen on mating operation platform 10, constructs.

Claims (2)

1. a building operation multiple layer up-down plateform system, it is characterized in that: the stock (2) that comprise column (1), can run along column (1) up and down and the service platform be connected on stock (2), column (1) is connected with building (5) every a certain distance by wall-attached frame (4), column (1) be also equipped with above independent of service platform can between ground and service platform the elevator (9) of high-speed cruising;
Be connected to described service platform adopts eight rollers and column (1) four main limb uniform contact along the stock (2) that column (1) runs;
Described service platform comprises upper strata main operation platform (3) and is suspended on the auxiliary platform (6) below upper strata main operation platform (3), auxiliary platform (6) is provided with arrangement for adjusting height (11), arrangement for adjusting height (11) comprises two steel pipes connected together, and steel pipe is fixed through two steel pipes by set pin;
The stock (2) of upper strata main operation platform (3) is provided with suspension rod (7), and there is the mating operation platform (10) docked with elevator (9) in upper strata main operation platform (3) outside, mating operation platform (10) is provided with the cat ladder (8) to downward-extension;
Described service platform is provided with service platform limit switch and limit switch assembly (14), service platform is provided with the service platform collision block (15) stretched out downwards, elevator (9) is provided with elevator collision block (16), elevator (9) is provided with elevator limit switch and limit switch assembly (17).
2. building operation multiple layer up-down plateform system according to claim 1; it is characterized in that: described elevator (9) adopts six elevator rollers (12) and column (1) outside two main limbs to contact, and elevator (9) is provided with fall protector (13).
CN201410176504.9A 2014-04-29 2014-04-29 Building operation multiple layer up-down plateform system CN103979383B (en)

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