CN103978245B - The manual drilling machine of thin plate boring - Google Patents

The manual drilling machine of thin plate boring Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103978245B
CN103978245B CN201410244928.4A CN201410244928A CN103978245B CN 103978245 B CN103978245 B CN 103978245B CN 201410244928 A CN201410244928 A CN 201410244928A CN 103978245 B CN103978245 B CN 103978245B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
screw
boring
screwed hole
plate
threaded
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201410244928.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103978245A (en
Inventor
赵夫超
孟鉴
吴爽
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赵夫超
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Publication date
Application filed by 赵夫超 filed Critical 赵夫超
Priority to CN201410244928.4A priority Critical patent/CN103978245B/en
Publication of CN103978245A publication Critical patent/CN103978245A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103978245B publication Critical patent/CN103978245B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B41/00Boring or drilling machines or devices specially adapted for particular work; Accessories specially adapted therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B51/00Tools for drilling machines
    • B23B51/12Adapters for drills or chucks; Tapered sleeves
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/062Work-clamping means adapted for holding workpieces having a special form or being made from a special material
    • B23Q3/065Work-clamping means adapted for holding workpieces having a special form or being made from a special material for holding workpieces being specially deformable, e.g. made from thin-walled or elastic material

Abstract

The invention discloses the manual drilling machine of thin plate boring, it comprises base, boring screw rod, drill bit clamping device, adjusting device and fixture, one end of described base is fixed with two pieces of parallel gripper shoes, the other end is fixed with two parallel guide pillars; Described gripper shoe is respectively provided with screwed hole I, and described boring screw rod forms screw thread pair through the screwed hole I of two gripper shoes, and one end of boring screw rod is provided with handwheel I, and the other end is provided with screwed hole II, and is threaded with drill bit clamping device.Structure of the present invention is simple, easy to operate, safe and reliable, effectively can solve the technical barrier that existing equipment cannot complete the boring of single-piece sheet parts economy.

Description

The manual drilling machine of thin plate boring
Technical field
The invention belongs to machining equipment field, be specifically related to the manual drilling machine of thin plate boring.
Background technology
Drilling machine is the common equipment of machining hole, and existing drilling machine adopts motor to provide power, and motor drives when main shaft and bit can produce vibration, thus affects cylindricity and the dimensional accuracy in hole, when particularly holing on thin plate, manifests particularly outstanding.Because sheet thickness is thinner, strength and stiffness are poor, yielding, so the processing in hole usually adopts the method for die punching on thin plate.Die punching is adopted to be applicable to producing in batches and the less product of varying aperture.But when the sheet parts for single and mini-batch production processes the hole of multiple different-diameter, adopt die punching to drop into, increase production cost and extend manufacture cycle by increasing device, the method for other machining hole cannot meet cost-effectiveness requirement again.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide that a kind of structure is simple, easy to operate, the range of work is wide and the equipment of lower-cost sheet parts boring.It can meet the needs that existing technology and equipment cannot be processed the economy in hole on single-piece sheet parts.
For achieving the above object, technical scheme of the present invention, it comprises base, boring screw rod, drill bit clamping device, adjusting device and fixture, one end of described base is fixed with two pieces of parallel gripper shoes, the other end is fixed with two parallel guide pillars; Described gripper shoe is respectively provided with screwed hole I, and described boring screw rod forms screw thread pair through the screwed hole I of two gripper shoes, and one end of boring screw rod is provided with handwheel I, and the other end is provided with screwed hole II and is threaded with drill bit clamping device.
Described drill bit clamping device comprises mounting head, drill sleeve and pinching screw, and one end of described mounting head is provided with external screw thread and is threaded with the screwed hole II of boring screw rod, and the face of cylinder of the other end is provided with screwed hole III, and end face is provided with shoulder hole; Described drill sleeve is arranged in shoulder hole, and the face of cylinder of drill sleeve offers circular apertures, and described pinching screw is arranged in the screwed hole III of mounting head, and the front end of pinching screw is dropped in the circular apertures of drill sleeve.
Described adjusting device comprises guide pillar, guide pin bushing, lifting screw, travelling nut, slide plate and movable plate, and the upper end of described guide pillar is provided with pressing plate, described pressing plate be provided with lifting screw, the top of lifting screw is provided with handwheel II; The one side of described slide plate is fixed with two guide pin bushings and travelling nut, and two described guide pin bushings and two guide pillars are slidably matched, and travelling nut is threaded with lifting screw; The another side of described slide plate offers two dovetail grooves, and one end of slide plate is provided with back-up block, and the other end is provided with limited block; Be provided with adjusting screw(rod) in described movable plate, one end of described adjusting screw(rod) is passed back-up block and is provided with handwheel III, and the other end is threaded with movable plate; The one side of described movable plate is provided with two forked tail platforms, two described forked tail platforms and two dovetail groove matched in clearance.
Described fixture comprises support bar, workbench, sheeting caps, C-type clamp plate and clamping screw, the one side of described workbench is connected with the threaded one end of four support bars, another side is provided with sheeting caps, the other end of four described support bars is respectively threaded with movable plate, the both sides of described workbench are respectively provided with two straight troughs, be provided with C-type clamp plate in the straight trough on every limit, described C-type clamp plate is provided with clamping screw, and clamping screw is provided with locking nut.
The junction of described base and two pieces of gripper shoes is respectively provided with floor.
After adopting technique scheme, rotate handwheel I, utilize the rotation of boring screw rod and move and light sheet material is holed, the advantages such as its process has flexibly and easily, drilling quality is high, processing cost is low, can avoid again because adopting the motor source that is used as power to drive main shaft and bit time hole of causing tiltedly biased, the quality problems such as cylindricity is poor simultaneously.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the hand drill bed structure schematic diagram of thin plate of the present invention boring;
Fig. 2 is the top view of adjusting device and fixture in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is A direction view in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the top view of Fig. 3.
In accompanying drawing, each label respectively: 1, base, 11, gripper shoe, 12, floor, 13, screwed hole I, 2, boring screw rod, 21, handwheel I, 22, screwed hole II, 3, drill bit clamping device, 4, mounting head, 41, external screw thread, 42, shoulder hole, 43, screwed hole III, 5, drill sleeve, 6, pinching screw, 7, adjusting device, 71, guide pillar, 72, guide pin bushing, 73, lifting screw, 74, travelling nut, 75, handwheel II, 76, pressing plate, 8, slide plate, 81, dovetail groove, 82, back-up block, 83, limited block, 84, adjusting screw(rod), 85, handwheel III, 9, movable plate, 91, forked tail platform, 10, fixture, 101, support bar, 102, workbench, 103, sheeting caps, 104, C-type clamp plate, 105, clamping screw, 106, locking nut, 107, straight trough.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the manual drilling machine that thin plate of the present invention is holed is described further:
From Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, the present invention it comprise base 1, boring screw rod 2, drill bit clamping device 3, adjusting device 7 and fixture 10, one end of described base 1 is fixed with two pieces of parallel gripper shoes 11, the other end is fixed with two parallel guide pillars 71; Described gripper shoe 11 is respectively provided with screwed hole I 13, and described boring screw rod 2 forms screw thread pair through the screwed hole I 13 of two gripper shoes 11, and one end of boring screw rod 2 is provided with handwheel I 21, and the other end is provided with screwed hole II 22 and is threaded with drill bit clamping device 3.
Described drill bit clamping device 3 comprises mounting head 4, drill sleeve 5 and pinching screw 6, one end of described mounting head 4 is provided with external screw thread 41 and is threaded with the screwed hole II 22 of boring screw rod 2, the face of cylinder of the other end is provided with screwed hole III 43, and end face is provided with shoulder hole 42; Described drill sleeve 5 is arranged in shoulder hole 42, and the face of cylinder of drill sleeve 5 offers circular apertures, and described pinching screw 6 is arranged in the screwed hole III 43 of mounting head 4, and the front end of pinching screw 6 is dropped in the circular apertures of drill sleeve 5.
Described adjusting device 7 comprises guide pillar 71, guide pin bushing 72, lifting screw 73, travelling nut 74, slide plate 8 and movable plate 9, the upper end of described guide pillar 71 is provided with pressing plate 76, described pressing plate 76 while be provided with lifting screw 73, the top of lifting screw 73 is provided with handwheel II 75; The one side of described slide plate 8 is fixed with two guide pin bushings 72 and travelling nut 74, and described two guide pin bushings 72 and two guide pillars 71 are slidably matched, and travelling nut 74 is threaded with lifting screw 73; The another side of described slide plate 8 offers two dovetail grooves 81; Be provided with adjusting screw(rod) 84 in described movable plate 9, one end of described adjusting screw(rod) 84 is passed back-up block 82 and is provided with handwheel III 85, and the other end is threaded with movable plate 9; The one side of described movable plate 9 is provided with two forked tail platforms 91, described two forked tail platforms 91 and two dovetail groove 81 matched in clearance.
Described fixture 10 comprises support bar 101, workbench 102, sheeting caps 103, C-type clamp plate 104 and clamping screw 105, the one side of described workbench 102 is connected with the threaded one end of four support bars 101, another side is provided with sheeting caps 103, the other end of four described support bars 101 is respectively threaded with movable plate 9, the both sides of described workbench 102 are respectively provided with two straight troughs 107, C-type clamp plate 104 is provided with in the straight trough 107 on every limit, described C-type clamp plate 104 is provided with clamping screw 105, and clamping screw 105 is provided with locking nut 106.
Method of operating of the present invention is: the first step is fixing plate, the thin plate material that will hole is placed on the right side of sheeting caps 103, the position of adjustment C-type clamp plate 104 on workbench 102, C-type clamp plate 104 is made to catch on sheeting caps 103 and thin plate material, screw clamping screw 105, thin plate material is securely held on sheeting caps 103 by C-type clamp plate 104; Second step installs drill bit, selects suitable drill bit to put into drill sleeve 5, screw pinching screw 6, drill bit can be arranged on boring screw rod 2; 3rd step is the bore position on adjustment thin plate material, rotation hand wheel I 21, boring screw rod 2 is made to drive drill bit to move to right near thin plate material, observe position that thin plate material will be holed relative to the biased direction at the center of drill bit and size, rotation hand wheel II 75, can drive thin plate material to finely tune up and down, rotation hand wheel III 85, can drive before and after thin plate material and finely tune, until the center superposition of the center that thin plate material will be holed and drill bit; 4th step rotation hand wheel I 21, makes drill bit move to thin plate material and rotate and gets out desired hole, and repetition the 3rd step and the 4th step can get out desired hole in other positions on thin plate material; 5th step takes off workpiece, unclamps locking nut 106 and clamping screw 105, can take off workpiece.
When using of the present invention, according to the diameter of drill bit not etc., the aperture of drill sleeve 5(and the drill sleeve 5 matched with bit diameter must be selected should to equal bit diameter, and external diameter should equal the aperture of mounting head 4).
In the present embodiment, described base 1 and the junction of two pieces of gripper shoes 11 are respectively provided with floor 12, and floor 12 can guarantee the depth of parallelism between two gripper shoes 11 and the perpendicularity between gripper shoe 11 and base 1, thus guarantee that boring is carried out smoothly; One end of slide plate 8 is provided with back-up block 82, and be used for supporting adjusting screw(rod) 84 and rotate in gripper shoe 82, the other end is provided with limited block 83, is used for stoping movable plate 9 to be thrown off from adjusting screw(rod) 84.
In the present embodiment, screw locking nut 106, make locking nut 106 be attached on the face of C-type clamp plate 104, effectively can prevent thin plate material and sheeting caps 103 from producing when holing and loosen, thus guarantee the quality of boring.

Claims (2)

1. the manual drilling machine of a thin plate boring, comprise base (1), boring screw rod (2), drill bit clamping device (3), adjusting device (7) and fixture (10), it is characterized in that: one end of described base (1) is fixed with two pieces of parallel gripper shoes (11), the other end is fixed with two parallel guide pillars (71), described gripper shoe (11) is respectively provided with screwed hole I (13), described boring screw rod (2) forms screw thread pair through the screwed hole I (13) of two gripper shoes (11), one end of boring screw rod (2) is provided with handwheel I (21), and the other end is provided with screwed hole II (22) and is threaded with drill bit clamping device (3), described drill bit clamping device (3) comprises mounting head (4), drill sleeve (5) and pinching screw (6), one end of described mounting head (4) is provided with external screw thread (41) and is threaded with the screwed hole II (22) of boring screw rod (2), the face of cylinder of the other end is provided with screwed hole III (43), and end face is provided with shoulder hole (42), described drill sleeve (5) is arranged in shoulder hole (42), the face of cylinder of drill sleeve (5) offers circular apertures, described pinching screw (6) is arranged in the screwed hole III (43) of mounting head (4), and the front end of pinching screw (6) is dropped in the circular apertures of drill sleeve (5), described adjusting device (7) comprises guide pillar (71), guide pin bushing (72), lifting screw (73), travelling nut (74), slide plate (8) and movable plate (9), the upper end of described guide pillar (71) is provided with pressing plate (76), described pressing plate (76) while be provided with lifting screw (73), the top of lifting screw (73) is provided with handwheel II (75), the one side of described slide plate (8) is fixed with two guide pin bushings (72) and travelling nut (74), and two described guide pin bushings (72) and two guide pillars (71) are slidably matched, and travelling nut (74) is threaded with lifting screw (73), the another side of described slide plate (8) offers two dovetail grooves (81), and one end of slide plate (8) is provided with back-up block (82), and the other end is provided with limited block (83), be provided with adjusting screw(rod) (84) in described movable plate (9), one end of described adjusting screw(rod) (84) is passed back-up block (82) and is provided with handwheel III (85), and the other end is threaded with movable plate (9), the one side of described movable plate (9) is provided with two forked tail platforms (91), two described forked tail platforms (91) and two dovetail groove (81) matched in clearance, described fixture (10) comprises support bar (101), workbench (102), sheeting caps (103), C-type clamp plate (104) and clamping screw (105), the one side of described workbench (102) is connected with the threaded one end of four support bars (101), another side is provided with sheeting caps (103), the other end of four described support bars (101) is respectively threaded with movable plate (9), the both sides of described workbench (102) are respectively provided with two straight troughs (107), C-type clamp plate (104) is provided with in the straight trough (107) on every limit, described C-type clamp plate (104) is provided with clamping screw (105), clamping screw (105) is provided with locking nut (106).
2. the manual drilling machine of a kind of thin plate boring according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described base (1) is respectively provided with floor (12) with the junction of two pieces of gripper shoes (11).
CN201410244928.4A 2014-06-05 2014-06-05 The manual drilling machine of thin plate boring Expired - Fee Related CN103978245B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410244928.4A CN103978245B (en) 2014-06-05 2014-06-05 The manual drilling machine of thin plate boring

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410244928.4A CN103978245B (en) 2014-06-05 2014-06-05 The manual drilling machine of thin plate boring

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CN103978245B true CN103978245B (en) 2016-04-06

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Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106994525A (en) * 2016-01-25 2017-08-01 上海十三冶建设有限公司 The boring through lathe device and its application method finished for steel construction
CN105499663A (en) * 2016-02-22 2016-04-20 成都优拓优联科技有限公司 Compound drill bit for thin-wall small hole machining
CN111112680A (en) * 2019-12-25 2020-05-08 诸暨市祥顺箱包制造有限公司 Drilling equipment is used in case and bag processing
CN112643354B (en) * 2020-08-26 2021-11-26 李小龙 Accurate location thin wall gear machining frock
CN112846290A (en) * 2020-12-30 2021-05-28 中航贵州飞机有限责任公司 Titanium alloy hinge deep hole machining device and machining method

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FR578021A (en) * 1924-09-15
FR423139A (en) * 1910-11-29 1911-04-08 Louis Sellier Enhancements to the combination of a vise, pipe clamp, anvil, fan, forge, grinding wheel and drill
GB208210A (en) * 1922-09-11 1923-12-11 Frederick Chopping Improvements in hand and power drilling-machines
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