CN103978184B - A kind of semisolid four direction squeeze casting mould of compressor scroll plate - Google Patents

A kind of semisolid four direction squeeze casting mould of compressor scroll plate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103978184B
CN103978184B CN201410230787.0A CN201410230787A CN103978184B CN 103978184 B CN103978184 B CN 103978184B CN 201410230787 A CN201410230787 A CN 201410230787A CN 103978184 B CN103978184 B CN 103978184B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
scroll plate
horizontal
iii
die
semisolid
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CN201410230787.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103978184A (en
Inventor
赵升吨
王永飞
张晨阳
韩晓兰
赵永强
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西安交通大学
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Priority to CN201410230787.0A priority Critical patent/CN103978184B/en
Publication of CN103978184A publication Critical patent/CN103978184A/en
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Publication of CN103978184B publication Critical patent/CN103978184B/en

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Abstract

A kind of semisolid four direction squeeze casting mould of compressor scroll plate, comprise pressurizing unit, fixed mold device, press horizontal mobile die device, vertical moving mold device and horizontal ejecting device five major part of scroll plate, wherein fixed mold device inside is provided with the pressurizing unit be mated together, fixed mold device surrounding is press horizontal mobile die device, it is vertical moving mold device above fixed mold device, it is the horizontal ejecting device of scroll plate outside press horizontal mobile die device III, during use, through die device preheating, matched moulds, pressurization, pressurize, die sinkings etc. have operated and have been shaped to the semisolid four direction extrusion casint of scroll plate, it is high that the scroll plate utilizing the present invention to prepare has dimensional accuracy, good mechanical property, efficiency is high, the advantages such as low cost.

Description

A kind of semisolid four direction squeeze casting mould of compressor scroll plate
Technical field
The invention belongs to metal semi-solid squeeze casting technology field, particularly relate to a kind of semisolid four direction squeeze casting mould of compressor scroll plate.
Background technology
Scroll plate is one of core part of automobile air-conditioning refrigeration screw compressor, and it normally adopts and carries out machined to accurate blank and get, and therefore, the manufacturing technology of scroll plate blank becomes the key factor affecting scroll plate forming quality.
Traditional scroll plate blank is got by direct mechanical processing, low owing to becoming to produce efficiency, had afterwards and developed low pressure casting, liquid forging, hot forging, counterpressure forming etc., wherein, low pressure casting can guarantee the requirement of part complicated shape, dimensional accuracy is good, cost is low and production efficiency is high, but the mechanical property of drip molding is bad, there is pore, shrinkage cavity, can not heat-treat; Liquid forging drip molding can be heat-treated, good mechanical property, but die life is short, and production efficiency is low; Few and the good mechanical property of hot forging drip molding cutting output, but die forming load is large, die life is short, production efficiency is low and cost is high; Counterpressure forming part has that good mechanical property, production efficiency are high, die life advantages of higher, but mould structure is complicated, processing difficulties.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome the shortcoming of above-mentioned prior art, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of semisolid four direction squeeze casting mould of compressor scroll plate, can be shaped by the extrusion casint of semi-solid-state metal and prepare that dimensional accuracy is high, the scroll plate blank of the high and low cost of good mechanical property, efficiency.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention takes following technical scheme:
A kind of semisolid four direction squeeze casting mould of compressor scroll plate, comprise pressurizing unit I, fixed mold device II, press horizontal mobile die device III, vertical moving mold device IV and horizontal ejecting device V 5 major part of scroll plate, wherein fixed mold device II inside is provided with the pressurizing unit I be mated together, fixed mold device II surrounding is press horizontal mobile die device III, it is vertical moving mold device IV above fixed mold device II, outside press horizontal mobile die device III, ejecting device V horizontal in scroll plate is connected, and ready semi-solid blank is put into the die cavity that pressurizing unit I and fixed mold device II form, then the vertical moving mold device IV that declines carries out matched moulds, then, promote pressurizing unit I and carry out semi-solid low pressure filling and pressurize is solidified, then, pull open press horizontal mobile die device III and carry out parting, the scroll plate blank 16 be then shaped is pulled off from centre and follows press horizontal mobile die device III and moves, the movement of scroll plate blank 16 simultaneously will be subject to the promotion of the horizontal ejecting device V of scroll plate, and is finally forced to depart from press horizontal mobile die device III, treat that scroll plate blank 16 departs from press horizontal mobile die device III, by changing the confined state of the horizontal ejecting device V of scroll plate, the distance that press horizontal mobile die device III is outwards pulled open increases, finally, then again pull open press horizontal mobile die device III and upwards vertical moving mold device IV, thus take out the drip molding of scroll plate.
Described fixed mold device II comprises mold base 10, is equipped with mould lower cushion block 9 on the upside of mold base 10, is connected with scroll plate intermediate mass 13 on the upside of mould lower cushion block 9, and scroll plate intermediate mass 13 mounted inside has scroll plate steel bushing 11.
Described pressurizing unit I comprises bearing shell stopper rod 12, be used for being shaped to the extrusion casint of the semi-solid blank of scroll plate and action has been extruded to the scroll plate blank 16 be shaped, and bearing shell stopper rod 12 being reserved with the counter sink and screw that are connected with the piston rod of multidirectional extruder hydraulic cylinder.
Described press horizontal mobile die device III comprises the horizontal lateral mass 3 of scroll plate on four direction, be connected with die horizontal push pedal 8 outside the horizontal lateral mass 3 of each scroll plate, and die horizontal push pedal 8 be reserved with the counter sink and screw that are connected with the piston rod of multidirectional extruder hydraulic cylinder.
Described vertical moving mold device IV comprises scroll plate upper block 2, is fixed with the vertical push pedal 1 of mould on the upside of scroll plate upper block 2, and the vertical push pedal of mould 1 is reserved with the counter sink and screw that are connected with the piston rod of multidirectional extruder hydraulic cylinder.
The horizontal ejecting device V of described scroll plate comprises four push rods 14, each push rod 14 outer end withstands on horizontal side top board 4, control lever 5 is ejected in the through hole at horizontal side top board 4 two ends, ejecting control lever 5 other end withstands on push rod block 7, push rod block 7 is placed on right push rod block supporting plate 6 or left push rod block supporting plate 15, and right push rod block supporting plate 6, left push rod block supporting plate 15 are reserved with the through hole be connected with multidirectional extruder hydraulic cylinder barrel and screw.
Relative to prior art, the invention provides a kind of semisolid four direction squeeze casting mould of compressor scroll plate, can be shaped by the extrusion casint of semi-solid-state metal and prepare that dimensional accuracy is high, the scroll plate blank of the high and low cost of good mechanical property, efficiency.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the vertical view cutaway drawing of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is three-dimensional structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of scroll plate intermediate mass 13.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the horizontal lateral mass 3 of scroll plate.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of scroll plate one mould four scroll plate blanks 16.
Fig. 7 is the sectional view of scroll plate one mould four scroll plate blanks 16.
Fig. 8 is the front view of scroll plate one mould four scroll plate blanks 16.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in further detail.
With reference to Fig. 1, a kind of semisolid four direction squeeze casting mould of compressor scroll plate, comprise horizontal ejecting device V 5 major part of pressurizing unit I, fixed mold device II, press horizontal mobile die device III, vertically moving mold device IV and scroll plate, wherein fixed mold device II inside is provided with the pressurizing unit I be mated together, fixed mold device II surrounding is press horizontal mobile die device III, be vertical moving mold device IV above fixed mold device II, outside press horizontal mobile die device III, ejecting device V horizontal in scroll plate is connected.
With reference to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, described fixed mold device II comprises mold base 10, be equipped with mould lower cushion block 9 on the upside of mold base 10, be connected with scroll plate intermediate mass 13 on the upside of mould lower cushion block 9, scroll plate intermediate mass 13 mounted inside has scroll plate steel bushing 11.
With reference to Fig. 1, Fig. 6, Fig. 7 and Fig. 8, described pressurizing unit I comprises bearing shell stopper rod 12, be used for being shaped to the extrusion casint of the semi-solid blank of scroll plate and action has been extruded to the scroll plate blank 16 be shaped, and bearing shell stopper rod 12 being reserved with the counter sink and screw that are connected with the piston rod of multidirectional extruder hydraulic cylinder.
With reference to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3 and Fig. 5, described press horizontal mobile die device III comprises the horizontal lateral mass 3 of scroll plate on four direction, be connected with die horizontal push pedal 8 outside the horizontal lateral mass 3 of each scroll plate, and die horizontal push pedal 8 be reserved with the counter sink and screw that are connected with the piston rod of multidirectional extruder hydraulic cylinder.
With reference to Fig. 1 and Fig. 3, described vertical moving mold device IV comprises scroll plate upper block 2, is fixed with the vertical push pedal 1 of mould on the upside of scroll plate upper block 2, and the vertical push pedal of mould 1 is reserved with the counter sink and screw that are connected with the piston rod of multidirectional extruder hydraulic cylinder.
With reference to Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, the horizontal ejecting device V of described scroll plate comprises 15 push rods 14, each push rod 14 outer end withstands on horizontal side top board 4, control lever 5 is ejected in the through hole at horizontal side top board 4 two ends, ejecting control lever 5 other end withstands on push rod block 7, push rod block 7 is placed on right push rod block supporting plate 6 or left push rod block supporting plate 15, and right push rod block supporting plate 6, left push rod block supporting plate 15 are reserved with the through hole be connected with multidirectional extruder hydraulic cylinder barrel and screw.
Operation principle of the present invention is: first this die device is preheating to rational temperature range, then upwards vertical moving mold device IV arrives certain altitude rapidly, and ready semi-solid blank is put into the die cavity that pressurizing unit I and fixed mold device II form, the vertical moving mold device IV that then declines carries out matched moulds; Then, promote pressurizing unit I and carry out semi-solid low pressure filling and pressurize is solidified; Then, pull open press horizontal mobile die device III and carry out parting, the scroll plate blank 16 be then shaped will be pulled off from centre and follow press horizontal mobile die device III and move, the movement of scroll plate blank 16 simultaneously will be subject to the promotion of the horizontal ejecting device V of scroll plate, and is finally forced to depart from press horizontal mobile die device III; Treat that scroll plate blank 16 departs from press horizontal mobile die device III, desirable lower push rod block 7 and eject control lever 5, then the distance that press horizontal mobile die device III outwards pulls open will increase; Finally, then again can pull open press horizontal mobile die device III and upwards vertical moving mold device IV, thus take out the drip molding of scroll plate.

Claims (6)

1. the semisolid four direction squeeze casting mould of a compressor scroll plate, comprise pressurizing unit I, fixed mold device II, press horizontal mobile die device III, vertical moving mold device IV and horizontal ejecting device V 5 major part of scroll plate, it is characterized in that: wherein fixed mold device II inside is provided with the pressurizing unit I be mated together, fixed mold device II surrounding is press horizontal mobile die device III, it is vertical moving mold device IV above fixed mold device II, outside press horizontal mobile die device III, ejecting device V horizontal in scroll plate is connected, and ready semi-solid blank is put into the die cavity that pressurizing unit I and fixed mold device II form, then the vertical moving mold device IV that declines carries out matched moulds, then, promote pressurizing unit I and carry out semi-solid low pressure filling and pressurize is solidified, then, pull open press horizontal mobile die device III and carry out parting, the scroll plate blank (16) be then shaped will be pulled off from centre and follow press horizontal mobile die device III and move, the movement of scroll plate blank (16) simultaneously will be subject to the promotion of the horizontal ejecting device V of scroll plate, and is finally forced to depart from press horizontal mobile die device III, treat that scroll plate blank (16) departs from press horizontal mobile die device III, by changing the confined state of the horizontal ejecting device V of scroll plate, the distance that press horizontal mobile die device III is outwards pulled open increases, finally, then again pull open press horizontal mobile die device III and upwards vertical moving mold device IV, thus take out the drip molding of scroll plate.
2. the semisolid four direction squeeze casting mould of a kind of compressor scroll plate according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described fixed mold device II comprises mold base (10), mold base (10) upside is equipped with mould lower cushion block (9), mould lower cushion block (9) upside is connected with scroll plate intermediate mass (13), and scroll plate intermediate mass (13) mounted inside has scroll plate steel bushing (11).
3. the semisolid four direction squeeze casting mould of a kind of compressor scroll plate according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described pressurizing unit I comprises bearing shell stopper rod (12), be used for being shaped to the extrusion casint of the semi-solid blank of scroll plate and action has been extruded to the scroll plate blank (16) be shaped, and bearing shell stopper rod (12) being reserved with the counter sink and screw that are connected with the piston rod of multidirectional extruder hydraulic cylinder.
4. the semisolid four direction squeeze casting mould of a kind of compressor scroll plate according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described press horizontal mobile die device III comprises the horizontal lateral mass of scroll plate (3) on four direction, the horizontal lateral mass of each scroll plate (3) outside is connected with die horizontal push pedal (8), and die horizontal push pedal (8) is reserved with the counter sink and screw that are connected with the piston rod of multidirectional extruder hydraulic cylinder.
5. the semisolid four direction squeeze casting mould of a kind of compressor scroll plate according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described vertical moving mold device IV comprises scroll plate upper block (2), scroll plate upper block (2) upside is fixed with the vertical push pedal of mould (1), and the vertical push pedal of mould (1) is reserved with the counter sink and screw that are connected with the piston rod of multidirectional extruder hydraulic cylinder.
6. the semisolid four direction squeeze casting mould of a kind of compressor scroll plate according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the horizontal ejecting device V of described scroll plate comprises four push rods (14), each push rod (14) outer end withstands on horizontal side top board (4), control lever (5) is ejected in the through hole at horizontal side top board (4) two ends, ejecting control lever (5) other end withstands on push rod block (7), push rod block (7) is placed on right push rod block supporting plate (6) or left push rod block supporting plate (15), right push rod block supporting plate (6), left push rod block supporting plate (15) is reserved with the through hole and screw that are connected with multidirectional extruder hydraulic cylinder barrel.
CN201410230787.0A 2014-05-28 2014-05-28 A kind of semisolid four direction squeeze casting mould of compressor scroll plate CN103978184B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104550838B (en) * 2014-12-26 2017-01-04 西安交通大学 The technique that a kind of radial forging strain-induced method prepares semisolid iron and steel camshaft
CN107030268A (en) * 2017-04-19 2017-08-11 瑞田汽车压缩机(江苏)有限公司 Scroll plate extrusion process
CN109277547A (en) * 2018-11-19 2019-01-29 常熟市强盛冲压件有限公司 A kind of preparation method of compressor scroll plate
CN110899660A (en) * 2019-12-24 2020-03-24 余姚市康西精密模具有限公司 Semi-solid forming machine five-open type die

Citations (5)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH08168866A (en) * 1994-11-29 1996-07-02 Toshiba Mach Co Ltd Pressure pin device
JP2000263214A (en) * 1999-03-17 2000-09-26 Aisin Takaoka Ltd Mold opening and closing device
CN201493473U (en) * 2009-09-23 2010-06-02 郭保连 Production device for brake assisting cylinder sleeve
CN103170519A (en) * 2013-03-29 2013-06-26 西安交通大学 Multi-directional hydraulic extrusion press for semi-solid metal forming
CN103230954A (en) * 2013-04-16 2013-08-07 西安交通大学 Semi-solid state metal molding multi-direction extrusion mold for refrigerator and air-conditioning compressor crankshafts

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100861414B1 (en) * 2007-04-06 2008-10-07 하태수 Forging apparatus and forging method for rheocasting

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH08168866A (en) * 1994-11-29 1996-07-02 Toshiba Mach Co Ltd Pressure pin device
JP2000263214A (en) * 1999-03-17 2000-09-26 Aisin Takaoka Ltd Mold opening and closing device
CN201493473U (en) * 2009-09-23 2010-06-02 郭保连 Production device for brake assisting cylinder sleeve
CN103170519A (en) * 2013-03-29 2013-06-26 西安交通大学 Multi-directional hydraulic extrusion press for semi-solid metal forming
CN103230954A (en) * 2013-04-16 2013-08-07 西安交通大学 Semi-solid state metal molding multi-direction extrusion mold for refrigerator and air-conditioning compressor crankshafts

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Termination date: 20180528