CN103976678B - Two chambers are used alternatingly one-way exhaust fecaluria and separate non-irrigated lavatory - Google Patents

Two chambers are used alternatingly one-way exhaust fecaluria and separate non-irrigated lavatory Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103976678B
CN103976678B CN201410196123.7A CN201410196123A CN103976678B CN 103976678 B CN103976678 B CN 103976678B CN 201410196123 A CN201410196123 A CN 201410196123A CN 103976678 B CN103976678 B CN 103976678B
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chamber
manure storage
manure
storage pond
pond
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CN103976678A (en
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李英杰
张振文
杨晨曦
张蓓
孙长顺
薛旭东
林启才
王西锋
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SHAANXI ENVIRONMENT SCIENCE RESEARCH INSTITUTE
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SHAANXI ENVIRONMENT SCIENCE RESEARCH INSTITUTE
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of two chambers is used alternatingly one-way exhaust fecaluria and separates non-irrigated lavatory, comprise between the use of upper strata and manure storage pond, the two chamber of lower floor, upper strata is provided with the manure diversity type squatting pan that comprises urinal and closet stall in using; urinal is communicated with urinal by ureter, and closet stall is communicated with manure storage pond, the two chamber of lower floor by the gravity type isolating valve that automatically resets. Manure storage pond, the two chamber of lower floor comprises the manure storage pond partition wall that manure storage pond is divided into two chambers, and is connected to the stool that can turn on the partition wall of manure storage pond and turns to groove, and stool turns to groove indoor by one of the manure storage pond, the two chamber of ight soil guiding by the isolating valve landing that automatically resets; Manure storage pond, the two chamber of lower floor feces outlet is provided with hanger plate; For rainwater-proof enters, between upper strata is used, ground level and lower floor manure storage pond, two chamber surrounding pool wall is all higher than outer ground between using. Realize the slaking function of alternately fermenting in manure storage pond, two chamber; Manure storage pond, two chamber is provided with blast pipe, and blast pipe is combined the foul smell problem that has solved manure storage pond, two chamber with the isolating valve that automatically resets.

Description

Two chambers are used alternatingly one-way exhaust fecaluria and separate non-irrigated lavatory
Technical field
The invention belongs to water saving field, non-irrigated lavatory, be specifically related to a kind of two chamber and be used alternatingly the separation of one-way exhaust fecaluriaDrought lavatory.
Background technology
Hu Yong lavatory, the vast rural area of China is mostly very simple and crude, mostly is simple outdoor latrine pit or and manure pitThe outdoor latrine pit being connected, manure pit and latrine pit are all open. The peasant household that condition is better builds on squatting over a pit to relieve oneselfThe cubicle that having becalms takes shelter from rain. Traditional Hu Yong lavatory, rural area has following three large problems: the one, fecaluria regardless ofFrom, after heap fermentation, produce the stench such as ammonia, hydrogen sulfide toxic and harmful; The 2nd, ight soil is difficult to the slaking of fermenting,Be difficult to kill the pathogenic microorganism and the parasitic ovum that in ight soil, exist, easily cause infectious disease; The 3rd, grow mosquitos and flies,And squat over a pit to relieve oneself and be easy to the unrestrained Kingsoft of water, sewage crossing current in the Summer Heavy Rainfall phase. Along with the raising of people's living standard, anxiousThe Hu Yong lavatory, rural area that needs transformation to fall behind.
The lavatory in cities and towns is water closet duties packing formula and exempts from water portion lavatory at present, but will use a large amount ofWater resource, construction cost is high, operation expense is high, and is unfavorable for manurial value using in ight soil etc., noBe applicable to vast rural area.
For this reason, over nearly more than 10 years, a collection of scientific research personnel has successively carried out the technical research of non-irrigated lavatory, discloses manyThe technical scheme in drought lavatory. But still there is such-and-such problem, for example: build (1), working service complexity,Cost is high; (2) do not solve the three large problems that above-mentioned traditional rural pit toilet exists comprehensively; (3) people have been changedEnter lavatory custom, not only dark but also large manure storage pond under direct-view closet stall, often the heart is afraid fears for people; (4) after an action of the bowelsAdd mulch covering and be difficult to add accurately, need to add the problem of more mulch, and because of the large mulch of consumptionObtaining is also a problem; (5) prior art separates by adopting snap-in bascule closet to solve fecaluriaTwo chambers in drought lavatory are used alternatingly problem, the water, rainwater, urine etc. of clearing up squatting pan by closet stall, snap inFormula bascule urinal surrounding gap, blast pipe etc. enter manure storage pond, or blast pipe arrange unreasonable, Yi ZaoIn one-tenth lavatory, stink is serious.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of two chambers and be used alternatingly one-way exhaust fecaluria and separate non-irrigated lavatory, it has been realizedFecaluria separation, manure fermentation slaking, fecaluria is airtight deposits, and has solved preferably Hu Yong lavatory, rural area existingThree large problems, that has improved people enters lavatory environment. It is simple in structure, and it is convenient to build, and operational and administrative expenses is low,Can reduce floor space, be the environment-friendly type drought lavatory that a kind for the treatment of effeciency is high, and ight soil can be used as organic fertilizer moneySourceization is utilized.
The object of the invention is to realize by following technical proposals:
Two chambers are used alternatingly one-way exhaust fecaluria and separate non-irrigated lavatory, comprise between the use of upper strata and manure storage pond, the two chamber of lower floor,Described upper strata is provided with the manure diversity type squatting pan that comprises urinal and closet stall in using, and urinal passes throughUreter is communicated with urinal; Closet stall is communicated with manure storage pond, the two chamber of lower floor by the gravity type isolating valve that automatically resets;Manure storage pond, the two chamber of described lower floor comprises the manure storage pond partition wall that manure storage pond is divided into two chambers, and is connected to manure storageThe stool that can commutate on the partition wall of pond turns to groove, stool turn to groove with described in the isolating valve that automatically resets corresponding up and down;Manure storage pond, the two chamber of described lower floor feces outlet is provided with hanger plate; Between described upper strata is used and manure storage pond, the two chamber of lower floor surroundingPool wall all, higher than outer ground between using, prevents that rainwater from entering.
Further, the manure diversity type squatting pan that establish in using on described upper strata is inlayed and is fixed on two chamber manure storagesOn the upper cover plate of pond, in manure diversity type squatting pan, establish dividing plate and be divided into before and after urinal and closet stall twoPoint.
Further, described upper strata use between ground level and manure storage pond, the two chamber upper cover plate hight of same level with itGround 30cm-40cm outside between using; The pool wall of manure storage pond, the two chamber of lower floor hanger plate one side is higher than other places between usingFace 10cm-20cm.
Further, body bottom surface, described closet stall pond is the shape that has a down dip, and body bottom surface, pond tilts 45 ° from top to bottom-60 °; Connect the gravity type isolating valve that automatically resets in body rear end, closet stall pond, the gravity type isolation that automatically resetsValve bottom joins with closet stall bottom surface.
Further, the described gravity type isolating valve that automatically resets is that one utilizes Action of Gravity Field to realize ight soil and skyThe unidirectional movable family of power and influence who passes through of gas, the gravity type isolating valve valve upper end that automatically resets is connected to isolation by rotating shaftOn valve, when valve closes and perpendicular be an angle that is less than 10 °, utilize at the effect lower valve of gravityThe principle with recurrence perpendicular trend realizes closes.
Further, the urinal both sides of described manure diversity type squatting pan are curved, and arc lowermost portion is lowGround level 0.5cm in using in upper strata, is beneficial to urinal and collects the water on ground level, prevents clean water etc.Enter closet stall; Closet stall surrounding pool wall exceeds upper strata and uses interior ground level 1-3cm, and establishes on closet stallThere is deodorant cover.
Further, described stool turns to trench bottom to be connected on the partition wall of manure storage pond, top be connected to be located at twoOn two hooks on the upper cover plate of manure storage pond, chamber and easy to removal and installation, stool turn to groove will by gravity type fromIn the manure storage pond, the two chamber of ight soil guiding lower floor of moving reset isolating valve landing one is indoor.
Further, described stool turns to groove bottom land to be of a size of 50cm × 60cm, and two side height is 6-10cm,Four jiaos of kerves have 4 holes, uprightly follow closely and be arranged on manure storage pond by two of being arranged on the partition wall of manure storage pondTwo hooks on upper cover plate are fixing.
Further, the T communicating with manure storage pond is established near wall between the use of upper strata in partition wall top, described manure storage pondShape blast pipe.
In sum, the invention solves multiple problems that prior art exists, the one, adopt snap-in activityTwo chambers that structure closet solution fecaluria separates non-irrigated lavatory are used alternatingly problem, and the liquid such as the cleaning water of existence pass throughSnap-in bascule enters the problem in manure storage pond; The 2nd, not only dark but also large manure storage pond under direct-view closet stall, peopleThe afraid problem of fearing of the heart; The 3rd, blast pipe etc. arrange unreasonable, easily cause the serious problem of stink in lavatory;The 4th, after an action of the bowels in the face of not only dark but also large manure storage pond, be difficult to accurately add mulch and cover, and need to add more coveringThe problem of lid material.
Advantage of the present invention is as follows:
1, odorless. Realize fecaluria separation, avoided fecaluria dual disposal, piled up generation ammonia, hydrogen sulfide etc.Foul gas.
2, health. Be used alternatingly mode by easy manure storage Chi Shuan chamber and realized manure fermentation slaking, from sourcePathogenic microbe killing, can effectively prevent the propagation of enteric infectious disease and parasitic disease.
3, enhancement of environment. Fecaluria its collecting, has improved people's the environment that enters lavatory environment and lavatory periphery.
4, water saving. Only urinal needs a small amount of water to rinse, saving water resource.
5, cost is low. Simple in structure, it is convenient to build, and operational and administrative expenses is low.
6, recycling. Ight soil after fermentation slaking and the urine of collection can be used as the fertilizer of high-quality, straightConnect also field.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is cross-sectional view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is that the present invention dismantles, installs stool and turns to the cross-sectional view of groove.
As shown in FIG.: 1-manure diversity type squatting pan; 2-urinal; 3-closet stall; 4-gravity type is automatically multiplePosition isolating valve; 5-stool turns to groove; 6-hook; 7-hanger plate; 8-urinal; 9-T shape blast pipe; 10-lower floorManure storage pond, two chamber; Between 11-upper strata is used; 12-manure storage pond partition wall; 13-uprightly follows closely; 14-manure storage pond upper cover plate;Outer ground between 15-uses; 16-ureter.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the invention will be further described.
As shown in Figure 1, the present invention mainly comprise upper strata use between 11, manure storage pond, the two chamber of lower floor 10, fecaluria divideCollection formula squatting pan 1, gravity type automatically reset isolating valve 4, urinal 8, T shape blast pipe 9. Its body portionFor upper and lower two parts, bottom is manure storage pond, the two chamber of lower floor 10 Hes that are deeper than outer ground 100-120cm between useThe urinal 8 that volume 20-50 rises; Top is between the upper strata use higher than outer ground 30cm-40cm between using11, between upper strata is used, the manure diversity type squatting pan 1 of 11 interior settings is inlayed and is fixed on manure storage pond upper cover plate 14Upper, manure diversity type squatting pan 1 becomes urinal 2, closet stall 3 front and back two parts by baffle for separating; Stool3 body bottom surfaces, pond, pond are the shape that has a down dip, and body bottom surface, pond tilts 45 °-60 ° from top to bottom; Manure storage pond, the two chamber of lower floor10 comprise the manure storage pond partition wall 12 that manure storage pond is divided into two chambers, and are connected to energy on the partition wall 12 of manure storage pondThe stool of enough commutations turns to groove 5; Connect the gravity type isolation that automatically resets in closet stall 3 body rear ends, pond with rotating shaftValve 4, automatically reset isolating valve 4 bottoms and body bottom surface, pond of gravity type joins, and stool turns to groove 5 with automatically multiplePosition isolating valve is corresponding Shang Xia 4. The bottom of urinal 2 is communicated with urinal 8 by ureter 16. On upper strataManure storage pond, the two chamber of lower floor 10 feces outlets between use outside 11 are established hanger plate 7, near manure storage pond, the two chamber of lower floor 10Have the cement tub of depositing urinal 8, cement tub surrounding pool wall top higher than outer ground 15 between using approximately20cm, prevents that rainwater from entering. For preventing rainwater, 11 ground levels and manure storage pond, two chamber between upper strata, lavatory is usedUpper cover plate 14 is than the outer high 30cm-40cm in ground 15 between using.
Manure diversity type squatting pan 1 main body and conventional fecaluria separate type closet are similar, it is characterized in that surroundingHeight is obviously different, and after being fixed on manure storage pond, two chamber upper cover plate 14, urinal 2 front ends exceed cover plate approximately8cm, both sides are curved, the about 0.5cm of ground level in arc lowermost portion is used lower than upper strata, object isCollect better urine and cleaning water; Closet stall 3 surroundings exceed upper strata and use interior ground level 1-3cm,Object is to prevent that urine etc. from entering manure storage pond, and closet stall 3 is provided with deodorant cover.
The gravity type that the is located at closet stall 3 ight soil floss hole places isolating valve 4 that automatically resets is that one utilizes gravity to doWith realizing the unidirectional movable family of power and influence who passes through of ight soil and air, isolating valve valve upper end is connected to isolation by rotating shaftOn valve, when valve closes and perpendicular be an angle that is less than 10 °, utilize at the effect lower valve of gravityThe principle with recurrence perpendicular trend realizes closes. Without ight soil and air by or air while wanting reverse flowAutomatically closed, odor-proof enter upper strata, lavatory use between 11. Drop on stool on closet stall inwall at gravityUnder effect, by the isolating valve that automatically resets, stool automatically resets under the effect at gravity by rear isolating valve.
Automatically reset and between isolating valve 4, establish stool easy to removal and installation in manure storage pond partition wall 12 and gravity typeTurn to groove 5, stool turns to groove 5 kerve sizes to be about 50cm × 60cm, the high about 6-10cm in two side, the endFour jiaos of grooves are opened 4, the hole of diameter 1.5cm, by being arranged on two upright nails 13 on partition wall 12 and establishingTwo hooks 6 of putting on the upper cover plate of manure storage pond, two chamber are fixed; When stool turns to groove to be fixed on a side, stoolTurn to groove by a chamber in the manure storage pond, the two chamber of ight soil guiding 10 of isolating valve 4 landings that automatically reset by gravity typeIn, while being fixed on opposite side, another in manure storage pond, the two chamber of guiding 10 is indoor. This design is by simple sideFormula has realized the slaking of fermentation by stages of ight soil.
Between partition wall 12 tops, manure storage pond, two chamber are used near upper strata, wall is established and manure storage pond, the two chamber of lower floor 10 phasesLogical T-shaped blast pipe 9, high approximately 3 meters of T-shaped blast pipe, utilizes principle of negative pressure by the foul smell in manure storage pond on the one handDischarge, on the other hand for manure storage pond ventilates, be beneficial to the dry and slaking of fermenting of ight soil.
This newly-designed manure diversity type squatting pan, in realizing dung or urine collecting, has been realized and has been prevented foul smellReturn between the use of lavatory, and similar with existing tradition latrine pit, seem more shallow, be not bound to arouse fear.
Using method of the present invention is:
Indoor one deck mulch (plant ash or wood fragments bits, broken straw rod, the raw stone first put in the manure storage pond usingAsh etc.). When someone enters lavatory, urine is collected by urinal, enters urinal storage, stool by ureterUnder Action of Gravity Field, push the isolating valve that automatically resets open, turn to groove to slip into manure storage pond through stool and using manure storageIndoor, in closet stall, add mulch greatly after an action of the bowels. In manure fermentation maturing process, the smelly G&W of generationDivide by T shape blast pipe high-altitude and discharge, free from extraneous odour in lavatory is used. After the one Room storage of manure storage pond is full, stop usingThe slaking of fermenting, at this moment can turn to groove commutation by stool for convenience detach, use the manure storage chamber of opposite side instead.Stop using the indoor ight soil of manure storage through fermentation slaking after a while, can be used as the fertilizer of high-quality, directly alsoField, has avoided labour and the secondary pollution of compost. The urine of collecting in use procedure after adding the dilution of 5 times of water,Can directly be used as liquid fertilizer.

Claims (6)

1. pair chamber is used alternatingly one-way exhaust fecaluria and separates non-irrigated lavatory, comprises (11) and lower floor pair between the use of upper strataManure storage pond, chamber (10), is characterized in that: between described upper strata is used, in (11), be provided with and comprise urinal (2)And the manure diversity type squatting pan (1) of closet stall (3), urinal (2) is communicated with by ureter (16)Urinal (8); Closet stall (3) is communicated with the two chamber manure storages of lower floor by the gravity type isolating valve (4) that automatically resetsPond (10); The two manure storage ponds, chamber (10) of described lower floor comprise the manure storage pond partition wall (12) that manure storage pond is divided into two chambers,And be connected to the stool that can commutate on manure storage pond partition wall (12) and turn to groove (5), stool turns to groove (5)Corresponding up and down with the gravity type isolating valve (4) that automatically resets; Described lower floor two manure storage ponds, chamber (10) feces outlet is establishedThere is hanger plate (7); Between described upper strata is used (11) and lower floor pair manure storage ponds, chamber (10) surrounding pool wall all higher thanBetween use outer ground (15);
Body bottom surface, described closet stall (3) pond is the shape that has a down dip, and body bottom surface, pond tilts 45 °-60 ° from top to bottom;Connect the gravity type isolating valve (4) that automatically resets in body rear end, closet stall (3) pond, gravity type automatically reset everyJoin with body bottom surface, pond from valve (4) bottom;
The described gravity type isolating valve (4) that automatically resets utilizes Action of Gravity Field to realize ight soil and air is unidirectional for oneThe movable family of power and influence who passes through, gravity type isolating valve (4) the valve upper end that automatically resets is connected to isolating valve by rotating shaftUpper, when valve closes and perpendicular be an angle that is less than 10 °;
Between described manure storage pond partition wall (12) top is used near upper strata, (11) wall is established the T communicating with manure storage pondShape blast pipe (9).
2. according to claim 1 pair of chamber is used alternatingly one-way exhaust fecaluria and separates non-irrigated lavatory, and its feature existsIn: the manure diversity type squatting pan (1) of establishing in (11) between described upper strata is used is inlayed and is fixed on two chamber manure storagesThe upper cover plate (14) in pond is upper, establishes dividing plate and be divided into urinal (2) in manure diversity type squatting pan (1)And two parts before and after closet stall (3).
3. according to claim 1 pair of chamber is used alternatingly one-way exhaust fecaluria and separates non-irrigated lavatory, and its feature existsIn: (11) ground level and two chamber manure storage pond upper cover plate (14) of same level with it between described upper strata is usedHigher than outer ground (15) 30cm-40cm between using; The pool wall of lower floor's two manure storage ponds, chamber (10) hanger plate one sideHigher than outer ground (15) 10cm-20cm between using.
4. according to claim 1 pair of chamber is used alternatingly one-way exhaust fecaluria and separates non-irrigated lavatory, and its feature existsIn: urinal (2) both sides of described manure diversity type squatting pan (1) are curved, and arc lowermost portion is lowGround level 0.5cm in (11) between upper strata is used; Closet stall (3) surrounding pool wall exceeds between the use of upper strata (11)Interior ground level 1-3cm, and closet stall (3) is provided with deodorant cover.
5. according to claim 1 pair of chamber is used alternatingly one-way exhaust fecaluria and separates non-irrigated lavatory, and its feature existsIn: described stool turns to groove (5) bottom to be connected to uprightly nailing on manure storage pond partition wall (12), and top connectsBe connected on two hooks (6) of being located on two chamber manure storage pond upper cover plates (14) upper and easy to removal and installation, largeJust turn to the groove (5) will be by the automatically reset two chamber manure storages of ight soil guiding lower floor of isolating valve (4) landing of gravity typeIn pond (10) one is indoor.
6. according to claim 5 pair of chamber is used alternatingly one-way exhaust fecaluria and separates non-irrigated lavatory, and its feature existsIn: described stool turns to groove (5) bottom land to be of a size of 50cm × 60cm, and two side height is 6-10cm, the endFour jiaos of grooves have 4 holes, by being arranged on the two upright nails (13) on manure storage pond partition wall (12) and establishingTwo hooks (6) of putting on manure storage pond upper cover plate (14) are fixed.
CN201410196123.7A 2014-05-09 2014-05-09 Two chambers are used alternatingly one-way exhaust fecaluria and separate non-irrigated lavatory Active CN103976678B (en)

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CN104958031A (en) * 2015-06-30 2015-10-07 山东农业大学 Composting type rural hygiene latrine pit excrement box

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CN202537374U (en) * 2012-04-27 2012-11-21 山东信博洁具有限公司 Rural environment-friendly water-saving dry pail latrine
CN203424880U (en) * 2013-08-01 2014-02-12 刘建春 Environment-friendly and energy-saving non-rinse automatic toilet for countryside
CN203953501U (en) * 2014-05-09 2014-11-26 陕西省环境科学研究院 A kind of two chamber is used alternatingly one-way exhaust fecaluria and separates non-irrigated lavatory

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3918106A (en) * 1974-05-23 1975-11-11 Sundsvalls Specialprodukter Ab Method and apparatus for natural biochemical decomposition of latrine
CN202537374U (en) * 2012-04-27 2012-11-21 山东信博洁具有限公司 Rural environment-friendly water-saving dry pail latrine
CN203424880U (en) * 2013-08-01 2014-02-12 刘建春 Environment-friendly and energy-saving non-rinse automatic toilet for countryside
CN203953501U (en) * 2014-05-09 2014-11-26 陕西省环境科学研究院 A kind of two chamber is used alternatingly one-way exhaust fecaluria and separates non-irrigated lavatory

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