CN103976188B - A kind of yellow-head catfish feed and application thereof containing stratiomyiid worm powder - Google Patents

A kind of yellow-head catfish feed and application thereof containing stratiomyiid worm powder Download PDF

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CN103976188B
CN103976188B CN201410224765.3A CN201410224765A CN103976188B CN 103976188 B CN103976188 B CN 103976188B CN 201410224765 A CN201410224765 A CN 201410224765A CN 103976188 B CN103976188 B CN 103976188B
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feed
yellow
stratiomyiid
pelteobagrus fulvidraco
worm powder
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CN201410224765.3A
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CN103976188A (en
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张吉斌
喻子牛
靳鹏
郑龙玉
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华中农业大学
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of yellow-head catfish feed and the application thereof that contain stratiomyiid worm powder, this feed comprises by weight: fish meal 24-40, stratiomyiid worm powder 6-23, bean cake powder 27, Strong flour 22-24, fish oil 0.5, soya-bean oil 0.2-3.4, Choline Chloride 0.5, vitamin premix 0.4, mineral substance premix 0.4, phagostimulant 1, microcrystalline cellulose 1-2.5; The present invention utilizes stratiomyiid worm powder Substitute For Partial fish meal, makes novel yellow-head catfish feed, is equipped with other raw materials and effectively can provides the matter of the complete nutrients needed for Pelteobagrus fulvidraco, effectively ensure that survival rate and the rate of body weight gain of Pelteobagrus fulvidraco.Nonspecific immune factors serum lysozyme activities reached, serum and liver pancreas SOD active quantities and leukocytes phagocytic ability are all significantly improved, and significantly improve the immunity of Pelteobagrus fulvidraco.

Description

A kind of yellow-head catfish feed and application thereof containing stratiomyiid worm powder
Technical field
The invention belongs to aquatic animal feed field, be specifically related to a kind of yellow-head catfish feed and the application thereof that contain stratiomyiid worm powder, the Pelteobagrus fulvidraco propagated artificially can be made to have higher survival rate, rate of body weight gain, efficiency of feed utilization and autoimmunity.
Background technology
Pelteobagrus fulvidraco (Pelteobagrusfulvidraco), SILURIFORMES, Chang section, Pelteobagrus.Have another name called Huang Lading, loud, high-pitched sound serratd edge, yellow Buddhist nun etc., being distributed widely in China the Changjiang river, the Yellow River, the Zhujiang River and Heilongjiang river, is small-sized fresh water bottom economic fish common in the waters such as China's rivers, lake, reservoir, irrigation canals and ditches.
Pelteobagrus fulvidraco body is slightly microscler, and anterior sturdy, rear portion is changed one's position flat, and overhead is exposed and coarse, and kiss circle is blunt, back protuberance, and the starting point place of dorsal fin is peak.Upper lower jaw and vomer all have fine hair shape serration.Lip is thick, and palpus 4 is right, after the upper jaw the longlyest must exceed pectoral fin base portion.Eye side is upper, and eyes-affinity is dissociated.Pectoral fin stings more flourishing firmly, and front and rear edge all has sawtooth, and leading edge is tiny, and trailing edge is sturdy.Adipose fin base is short compared with anal fin base, free end.Have a gonapophysis after the milter anus in sexal maturity stage, and raun is without this structure.Pelteobagrus fulvidraco fish body is smooth without squama.Fish body body back pitchy, there are two vertical and two horizontal yellow faciola stripeds on side, becomes 3 pieces of black patches, and extend into the centre of tail fin upper and lower lobes.
Pelteobagrus fulvidraco because of individuality little, the speed of growth is slower, for a long time many by people as the process of small-sized wild fishes class, do not cause the attention of people, but along with the raising of people's living standard, the consumption of people to aquatic products is rapidly to " quality leading type " and changes, thus so all many-sided economic worths such as Pelteobagrus fulvidraco nutritive value have been carried out re-recognizing how much " taking off heap " and dump by the past, become the hot-sale products of every kilogram of 30-40 unit (more than 0.1kg/ tail) now, not only domestic market demand expands, and has exported to the state such as Korea S, Japan.But because Pelteobagrus fulvidraco breeding potential in natural water area is lower, the speed of growth is slow, and the wild Pelteobagrus fulvidraco by fishing in natural water area cannot meet the demand in market.So carried out cultivating the approval more and more obtaining people as an economic fish by Pelteobagrus fulvidraco, it is also many to carry out also more coming of propagating artificially, and various places have extensively been carried out the artificial breeding of Pelteobagrus fulvidraco, seed rearing and the research of aspect such as to have been propagated artificially.About the nutritional need of Pelteobagrus fulvidraco and formulating less, and some raiser throws something and feeds in order to oneself formula feed cost-saving, owing to lacking the nutrition of Pelteobagrus fulvidraco and the knowledge of feed aspect, causes later stage feeding effect unsatisfactory.The yellow-head catfish feed cost used at present is higher, simultaneously owing to lacking the research of comparison system and technical imperfection, the problems such as ubiquity nutrition is unbalanced, cause yellow catfish growing speed slow, lower to the resistance of disease, can not meet the demand to Pelteobagrus fulvidraco on market.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of yellow-head catfish feed containing stratiomyiid worm powder, this feed contains the stratiomyiid albumen of antibacterial functions, containing appropriate stratiomyiid fat, there is the features such as feed coefficient is low, the nutritional need of Pelteobagrus fulvidraco can be met, improve the autoimmunity of Pelteobagrus fulvidraco, strengthen Pelteobagrus fulvidraco to the resistivity of disease.
Another object of the present invention there are provided a kind of application of yellow-head catfish feed in Culture of Pelteobagrus Fulvidraco containing stratiomyiid worm powder.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention takes following technical measures:
A yellow-head catfish feed containing stratiomyiid worm powder, is made up of by weight following raw material:
Described vitamin premix, by 1kg, is made up of following component: VA0.5g, VD0.2g, VE0.01g, VK0.05g, VB 11g, VB 21.8g, VB 61.5g, nicotinic acid 7g, calcium pantothenate 16g, folic acid 28g, biotin 0.064g, inositol 40g, wheat bran 903.876g;
Described mineral substance premix, by 1kg, is made up of following component: calcium dihydrogen phosphate 181.5g, KI 15g, magnesium carbonate 21g, ferrous sulfate heptahydrate 95g, white vitriol 14g, manganese carbonate 8g, cobalt carbonate 0.5g, sodium selenite 0.11g, cupric sulfate pentahydrate 0.8g, antioxidant BHT (dibutyl hydroxy toluene) 1.25g, zeolite powder 662.84g.
In above raw material, commercially available all the present invention can be completed.
In the above scheme, preferred:
Phagostimulant is purchased from Weifang Jia Jia animal husbandry Science and Technology Ltd.;
Microcrystalline cellulose carrys out company union purchased from ten thousand visitors;
Fish meal is Peru's red fish meal, purchased from Guangzhou Ling Mu feed corporation,Ltd;
Fish oil, purchased from Haixing County Xin Yu feed corporation,Ltd, is mixing fish fish oil.
Soya-bean oil, purchased from Xin Yuan grease Co., Ltd, is gold imperial fish board soybean oil.
Stratiomyiid is speck flat angle WH, (Fen Zhou, Jeffery K.Tomberlin, Longyu Zheng, Ziniu Yu, and Jibin Zhang, Developmental and Waste Reduction Plasticity of Three Black SoldierFlyStrains (Diptera:Stratiomyidae) Raised on DifferentLivestock Manures Journal of MedicalEntomology, 2013,50 (6): 1224-1230.).
Preferably, a kind of yellow-head catfish feed containing stratiomyiid worm powder, is made up of by weight following raw material:
All feedstuffs are all pulverized and are crossed 80 mesh sieves, and add the water mixing of 20% of fish oil, soya-bean oil and feed gross weight after being mixed by other compositions, be made into fodder granulating machine the pellet that diameter is 2.00mm, 50 DEG C of oven dry, after cooling ,-20 DEG C save backup.
The application of yellow-head catfish feed in Culture of Pelteobagrus Fulvidraco containing stratiomyiid albumen, preferably, this feed is used for feeding parr of yellow catfish, throws something and feeds in the usual way.
Concrete, its application process is as follows:
After experiment is bought back with Pelteobagrus fulvidraco, every day to be satiated with food throw something and feed 2 times (08:30 and 15:00) with mixed fodder, raises and train 2 weeks.
Cultivating system is made up of the plastic cistern of 15 87cm × 65cm × 61cm, and each water tank contains 200L and to spend the night running water.
When experiment starts, pick out physically fit, size is even, and average weight is Pelteobagrus fulvidraco 450 tail of 1.65g, is assigned in 15 water tanks, each water tank 30 tail fish.15 water tanks are divided into 5 groups at random, often organize 3 repetitions.
Be satiated with food every day throw something and feed 2 times (08:30 and 15:00), and daily ration, feeding quantity is 4% of body weight.Weigh to the daily ration, feeding quantity of each water tank before throwing something and feeding every day, after throwing something and feeding, 1h collects residual bait, and 50 DEG C of oven dry weigh to calculate food ration.
The uninterrupted aeration of whole day 24h, illumination is lamp, water temperature 28 ± 2 DEG C.Culture-cycle is 65d.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has the following advantages:
First: the present invention utilizes stratiomyiid worm powder Substitute For Partial fish meal, makes novel yellow-head catfish feed.Stratiomyiid breeding is fast, and rapidly, the stratiomyiid of experiment, a breeding can lay eggs about 1000, and only need 3 ~ 4d from egg hatching to larva, individual weight gain reaches 10 times, and reaching mature larva only needs 12d in growth.Stratiomyiid nutritional labeling is complete, and nutritious, protein content reaches 46.95%.Be equipped with other raw materials and the matter of the complete nutrients needed for Pelteobagrus fulvidraco can be effectively provided, effectively ensure that survival rate and the rate of body weight gain of Pelteobagrus fulvidraco.Nonspecific immune factors serum lysozyme activities reached, serum and liver pancreas SOD active quantities and leukocytes phagocytic ability are all significantly improved, and significantly improve the immunity of Pelteobagrus fulvidraco.
Second: stratiomyiid worm powder contains the fat of about 31%, while Peru Fish Dietary albumen, partly can replace soya-bean oil, stratiomyiid fat, containing 50% unrighted acid, can improve fish body autoimmunity, strengthens Pelteobagrus fulvidraco to the resistivity of disease.Stratiomyiid aquaculture cost is cheap simultaneously, utilizes stratiomyiid worm powder Substitute For Partial fish meal, reduces feed cost, and then reduce aquaculture cost.
3rd: the raw material that Selection utilization rate of the present invention is higher, add phagostimulant, be conducive to ingesting fast of Pelteobagrus fulvidraco, effectively utilize, absorption and digestion; Meanwhile, decrease scattering and disappearing of nutriment, reduce the pollution to environment.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment and experimental data, the present invention is further illustrated.Technical scheme described in the embodiment of the present invention, if not otherwise specified, is conventional techniques, if agents useful for same or formula special instruction, all purchased from biochemical shop.
Embodiment 1:
Control group feed, is formed by weight ratio by following raw material:
Described vitamin premix, by 1kg, is made up of following component: VA0.5g, VD0.2g, VE0.01g, VK0.05g, VB 11g, VB 21.8g, VB 61.5g, nicotinic acid 7g, calcium pantothenate 16g, folic acid 28g, biotin 0.064g, inositol 40g, wheat bran 903.876g; As follows;
Described mineral substance premix, by 1kg, is made up of following component: calcium dihydrogen phosphate 181.5g, KI 15g, magnesium carbonate 21g, ferrous sulfate heptahydrate 95g, white vitriol 14g, manganese carbonate 8g, cobalt carbonate 0.5g, sodium selenite 0.11g, cupric sulfate pentahydrate 0.8g, antioxidant BHT (dibutyl hydroxy toluene) 1.25g, zeolite powder 662.84g.As follows.
Phagostimulant is purchased from Weifang Jia Jia animal husbandry Science and Technology Ltd., as follows;
Microcrystalline cellulose carrys out company union purchased from ten thousand visitors, as follows;
Fish meal is Peru's red fish meal, purchased from Guangzhou Ling Mu feed corporation,Ltd, as follows;
Fish oil, purchased from Haixing County Xin Yu feed corporation,Ltd, is mixing fish fish oil, as follows;
Soya-bean oil, purchased from Xin Yuan grease Co., Ltd, is gold imperial fish board soybean oil, as follows;
In the feed of the present embodiment, moisture is 4.9%, and crude protein is 43.37%, and crude fat is 9.49%, and cinder is divided into 8.52%, and total energy is 19.4MJ/kg
Adopting the feed of the present embodiment to utilize the white plastic water tank of 87cm × 65cm × 61cm to cultivate average weight in laboratory is the Pelteobagrus fulvidraco of 1.65g, and each water tank contains 200L and to spend the night running water, cultivates 30 tail fishes, arranges three repetitions.
Be satiated with food every day throw something and feed 2 times (08:30 and 15:00), and daily ration, feeding quantity is 4% of body weight.Weigh to the daily ration, feeding quantity of each water tank before throwing something and feeding every day, after throwing something and feeding, 1h collects residual bait, and 50 DEG C of oven dry weigh to calculate food ration.
The uninterrupted aeration of whole day 24h, illumination is lamp, water temperature 28 ± 2 DEG C.Culture-cycle is 65d.
Embodiment 2:
A yellow-head catfish feed containing stratiomyiid worm powder, by following raw material by weight ratio:
Stratiomyiid is speck flat angle stratiomyiid (Hermetiaillucens L.) Wuhan strain, (Fen Zhou, Jeffery K.Tomberlin, Longyu Zheng, Ziniu Yu, and Jibin Zhang, Developmental and Waste Reduction Plasticity ofThree Black SoldierFly Strains (Diptera:Stratiomyidae) Raised on DifferentLivestock ManuresJournal of Medical Entomology, 2013,50 (6): 1224-1230.), as follows.
The preparation method of stratiomyiid powder is: by stratiomyiid 50 DEG C of oven dry, pulverized with high speed disintegrator, crosses 80 mesh sieves, obtains stratiomyiid worm powder.As follows.
In the feed of the present embodiment, moisture is 4.19%, and crude protein is 43.93%, and crude fat is 14.2%, and cinder is divided into 8.73%, and total energy is 19.41MJ/kg.
Adopting the feed of the present embodiment to utilize the white plastic water tank of 87cm × 65cm × 61cm to cultivate average weight in laboratory is the Pelteobagrus fulvidraco of 1.65g, and each water tank contains 200L and to spend the night running water, cultivates 30 tail fishes, arranges three repetitions.
Be satiated with food every day throw something and feed 2 times (08:30 and 15:00), and daily ration, feeding quantity is 4% of body weight.Weigh to the daily ration, feeding quantity of each water tank before throwing something and feeding every day, after throwing something and feeding, 1h collects residual bait, and 50 DEG C of oven dry weigh to calculate food ration.
The uninterrupted aeration of whole day 24h, illumination is lamp, water temperature 28 ± 2 DEG C.Culture-cycle is 65d.
Embodiment 3:
A yellow-head catfish feed containing stratiomyiid worm powder, by following raw material by weight ratio:
In the feed of the present embodiment, moisture is 4.71%, and crude protein is 43.67%, and crude fat is 14.38%, and cinder is divided into 8.48%, and total energy is 19.5MJ/kg
Adopting the feed of the present embodiment to utilize the white plastic water tank of 87cm × 65cm × 61cm to cultivate average weight in laboratory is the Pelteobagrus fulvidraco of 1.65g, and each water tank contains 200L and to spend the night running water, cultivates 30 tail fishes, arranges three repetitions.
Be satiated with food every day throw something and feed 2 times (08:30 and 15:00), and daily ration, feeding quantity is 4% of body weight.Weigh to the daily ration, feeding quantity of each water tank before throwing something and feeding every day, after throwing something and feeding, 1h collects residual bait, and 50 DEG C of oven dry weigh to calculate food ration.
The uninterrupted aeration of whole day 24h, illumination is lamp, water temperature 28 ± 2 DEG C.Culture-cycle is 65d.
Embodiment 4:
A yellow-head catfish feed containing stratiomyiid worm powder, by following raw material by weight ratio:
In the feed of the present embodiment, moisture is 5.12%, and crude protein is 43.14%, and crude fat is 14.42%, and cinder is divided into 8.5%, and total energy is 19.08MJ/kg
Adopting the feed of the present embodiment to utilize the white plastic water tank of 87cm × 65cm × 61cm to cultivate average weight in laboratory is the Pelteobagrus fulvidraco of 1.65g, and each water tank contains 200L and to spend the night running water, cultivates 30 tail fishes, arranges three repetitions.
Be satiated with food every day throw something and feed 2 times (08:30 and 15:00), and daily ration, feeding quantity is 4% of body weight.Weigh to the daily ration, feeding quantity of each water tank before throwing something and feeding every day, after throwing something and feeding, 1h collects residual bait, and 50 DEG C of oven dry weigh to calculate food ration.
The uninterrupted aeration of whole day 24h, illumination is lamp, water temperature 28 ± 2 DEG C.Culture-cycle is 65d.
Embodiment 5:
A yellow-head catfish feed containing stratiomyiid worm powder, by following raw material by weight ratio:
In the feed of the present embodiment, moisture is 6.7%, and crude protein is 43.45%, and crude fat is 14.59%, and cinder is divided into 8.25%, and total energy is 19.83MJ/kg
Adopting the feed of the present embodiment to utilize the white plastic water tank of 87cm × 65cm × 61cm to cultivate average weight in laboratory is the Pelteobagrus fulvidraco of 1.65g, and each water tank contains 200L and to spend the night running water, cultivates 30 tail fishes, arranges three repetitions.
Be satiated with food every day throw something and feed 2 times (08:30 and 15:00), and daily ration, feeding quantity is 4% of body weight.Weigh to the daily ration, feeding quantity of each water tank before throwing something and feeding every day, after throwing something and feeding, 1h collects residual bait, and 50 DEG C of oven dry weigh to calculate food ration.
The uninterrupted aeration of whole day 24h, illumination is lamp, water temperature 28 ± 2 DEG C.Culture-cycle is 65d.
Embodiment 6:
Embodiment 1-5 raises result
Adopt above-described embodiment diet Pelteobagrus fulvidraco effect, in table 1 and table 2.
Table 1 yellow-head catfish feed raises yellow catfish growing effect
Note: with different letter representation significant difference (p<0.05) of data line, same letter represents difference, and significantly (P>0.05) following table is not same.
As can be seen from Table 1, compared with embodiment one, after adding stratiomyiid worm powder in yellow-head catfish feed, in embodiment two to embodiment five, the rate of body weight gain of Pelteobagrus fulvidraco and specific growth rate all increase significantly, and rate of body weight gain and the highest embodiment three of specific growth rate improve 29.1% and 11.2% respectively.Feed coefficient decreases, and efficiency of feed utilization is improved.In the feed of embodiment three, stratiomyiid addition is 10.8, the rate of body weight gain of the Pelteobagrus fulvidraco of raising, specific growth rate and efficiency of feed utilization higher than embodiment two, the Pelteobagrus fulvidraco of the diet of embodiment four and embodiment five.Utilize embodiment two, the survival rate of the Pelteobagrus fulvidraco of the diet of embodiment three and embodiment five is higher than embodiment one and embodiment four.
Table 2 yellow-head catfish feed raises Pelteobagrus fulvidraco immune effect
As can be seen from Table 2, compared with embodiment one, after adding stratiomyiid worm powder in yellow-head catfish feed, the serum lysozyme activities reached of Pelteobagrus fulvidraco in embodiment two to embodiment five, serum and liver pancreas SOD active quantities and leukocytes phagocytic ability are improved, and embodiment three immune effect improves the most obvious, wherein, activity of SOD in serum significantly improves, serum lysozyme activities reached, serum and liver pancreas SOD activity respectively higher than embodiment one by 31.9%, 42.6% and 2.9%; The leukocytes phagocytic percentage embodiment one of embodiment three high 6.3 percentage points.This illustrates, adds stratiomyiid worm powder, improves the immunity of Pelteobagrus fulvidraco, enhance the resistivity of Pelteobagrus fulvidraco to disease in yellow-head catfish feed.In the feed of embodiment three, stratiomyiid addition is 10.8, the serum lysozyme activities reached of the Pelteobagrus fulvidraco of raising, the active and leukocytes phagocytic ability of serum and liver pancreas SOD all higher than embodiment two, the Pelteobagrus fulvidraco of the diet of embodiment four and embodiment five.
Stratiomyiid aquaculture cost is cheap, and larva worm powder nutritional labeling is complete, nutritious, protein content is high, and containing antibacterial materials such as antibacterial peptides, stratiomyiid fat contains the unrighted acid of 50% simultaneously, the immunity of Pelteobagrus fulvidraco can be improved, strengthen Pelteobagrus fulvidraco to the resistivity of disease.
What the present invention can be widely used in Pelteobagrus fulvidraco propagates field artificially.

Claims (5)

1. the yellow-head catfish feed containing stratiomyiid worm powder, comprises following raw material by weight ratio:
Described fish meal is Peru's red fish meal, and stratiomyiid is speck flat angle WH.
2. yellow-head catfish feed according to claim 1, is characterized in that:
3. yellow-head catfish feed according to claim 1, is characterized in that:
Described vitamin premix, by 1kg, is made up of following component: VA 0.5g, VD 0.2g, VE 0.01g, VK0.05g, VB 11g, VB 21.8g, VB 61.5g, nicotinic acid 7g, calcium pantothenate 16g, folic acid 28g, biotin 0.064g, inositol 40g, wheat bran 903.876g;
Described mineral substance premix, by 1kg, is made up of following component: calcium dihydrogen phosphate 181.5g, KI 15g, magnesium carbonate 21g, ferrous sulfate heptahydrate 95g, white vitriol 14g, manganese carbonate 8g, cobalt carbonate 0.5g, sodium selenite 0.11g, cupric sulfate pentahydrate 0.8g, antioxidant BHT 1.25g, zeolite powder 662.84g.
4. the application in parr of yellow catfish feed prepared by feed described in claim 1.
5. the application of feed described in claim 1 in parr of yellow catfish is propagated artificially.
CN201410224765.3A 2014-05-26 2014-05-26 A kind of yellow-head catfish feed and application thereof containing stratiomyiid worm powder CN103976188B (en)

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