CN103975728B - A kind of organic cultivation method drinking Flos Chrysanthemi - Google Patents

A kind of organic cultivation method drinking Flos Chrysanthemi Download PDF

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CN103975728B
CN103975728B CN201410173642.1A CN201410173642A CN103975728B CN 103975728 B CN103975728 B CN 103975728B CN 201410173642 A CN201410173642 A CN 201410173642A CN 103975728 B CN103975728 B CN 103975728B
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flos chrysanthemi
soil
time
organic
plant
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CN103975728A (en
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杜志艳
唐醒
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Jiangxi Longping Organic Agriculture Co. Ltd.
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Changsha Long Ping Organic Farming Co Ltd
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Abstract

A kind of organic cultivation method drinking Flos Chrysanthemi, concretely comprises the following steps: 1) seed selection;2) wholely;3) plant division;4) shading shed nursery;5) transplant;6) water;7) diseases prevention insect protected;8) fertilising;9) flower is received;Wherein, step 1) seed selection, 2) wholely, 6) water and 9) receive the way of flower implantation methods routinely, be main cultivation means with plant division, seedling in greenhouse, transplanting, to reach to plant on a large scale, it is simple to production management.The cultural method of the present invention, plants and selects biological organic fertilizer and organic agricultural chemicals during drinking Flos Chrysanthemi, and environmental pollution is little;The Flos Chrysanthemi yield of cultivation is high, quality better, and commodity value is high, is common drug, drinks tens times of Flos Chrysanthemi.

Description

A kind of organic cultivation method drinking Flos Chrysanthemi
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of cultural method drinking Flos Chrysanthemi, especially relate to a kind of organic cultivation method drinking Flos Chrysanthemi.
Background technology
The application of Flos Chrysanthemi is relatively wide, including flower ornamental Flos Chrysanthemi, Chrysanthemum morifolium and tea-drinking Flos Chrysanthemi.The domestic and international demand growth to chrysanthemum scented tea was very fast in recent years, and chrysanthemum scented tea has been developed as China and is only second to the second largest conventional beverage of Folium Camelliae sinensis.
CN 103430748 A disclose a kind of Flos Chrysanthemi implantation methods, including choosing seeds, plant, water, diseases prevention insect protected, apply fertilizer, receive flower, wherein choose seeds, plant, water and receive flower according to a conventional method, add soil diseases prevention insect-prevention treatment, improve fertilising, the method for diseases prevention insect protected, its method is to plough annual early December, open ridge, throws in Calx 150kg, sprays lime sulfur mid-February of waiting for the coming year for every mu;Turning green after planting the later moon and start fertilising, nitrogenous fertilizer is main for the first time, and cake fertilizer, night soil are main for the second time, preferably execute and entirely imitate Protein fertilizer, executing every year 5 ~ 6 times, spray blade face by protease 13m1, humic acids 28m1, the 22kg that adds water simultaneously, root manure is organic 80-85% accounting for annual fertilizer;Insect protected protease, humic acids add water spray blade face, install simultaneously yellow plate paper insect protected, throw in 1 age chicken ask to field and eat worm insect protected.
CN 1843074 A disclose a kind of cultivation method of nuisance-free chrysanthemum for tea use, and it selects obtaining hormone-free tissue culture detoxified seedling, and early stage of planting uses the organic base manure of chrysanthemum for tea use;In detoxic seedling growth course, cultivating soil or substrate are executed water and ensures that cultivating soil or substrate are damp state;In detoxic seedling growth course, to cultivating soil or substrate basal dressing with topdress.
CN 103069998 A disclose the cultural method of a kind of Edible chrysanthemum, first select the detoxification edible chrysanthemum flower seedling obtained through stem apex virus-free culture, plant in booth the last ten-days period in March, are then being transplanted to outside booth around grain rains;In described edible chrysanthemum flower seedling growth course, apply base manure and topdress, using chemical prevention;Edible chrysanthemum after plucking is carried out preservation.
Using inorganic fertilizer in the cultural method of the most several Flos Chrysanthemis, based on crops chemical fertilizer and compound fertilizer, fertilizer cost is high, and the poor effect of use, yield and the quality of Flos Chrysanthemi are impacted, reduce commercialization and edible quality.Substantial amounts of use pesticide and hormone during Flos Chrysanthemi production, to soil, water and environment, make the edible quality of Flos Chrysanthemi reduce.
Additionally, drink Flos Chrysanthemi under organic farming pattern, quality better, yield is relatively big, meets the values standard of the health diet of modern society people;And organic Flos Chrysanthemi has high commodity value, be common drug, tens times of drink Flos Chrysanthemi.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is: overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, it is provided that a kind of organic cultivation method drinking Flos Chrysanthemi being easy to implantation in large scale.
The present invention solves the technical scheme of its technical problem employing: a kind of organic cultivation method drinking Flos Chrysanthemi, concretely comprises the following steps: 1) seed selection;2) wholely;3) plant division;4) shading shed nursery;5) transplant;6) water;7) diseases prevention insect protected;8) fertilising;9) flower is received;Wherein, step 1) seed selection, 2) wholely, 6) water and 9) receive the way of flower implantation methods routinely;
The concrete operations of described step 3) plant division are: at the beginning of first arrival in March 4 months, the Plantula chrysanthemi stayed upper one year carries out plant division, can not hurt root system during transplanting;
The concrete operations of described step 4) shading shed nursery are: after May, and selection growing way is preferable, the coat color of stem stalk is mauve branch, a length of 3 ~ 4 centimetres of internode, and branch stem girth is more than 0.5cm, clip cutting seedling;Cutting seedling is four long vaned effective joints, removes the blade of lower end two joint, by lower two joint embedment soil layers;In shading shed during nursery, within 2 ~ 3 days, water the humidity of a water holding soil;
The concrete operations that described step 5) is transplanted are: when seedling grows two panels young leaves, and time fully deployed, dug out by Flos Chrysanthemi plant band soil from soil, institute's band soil amount need to hold the main root system of Flos Chrysanthemi, digs with spud and cheat on mulch film, plants in hole by the Flos Chrysanthemi plant of band soil, rear earthing, waters.
Further, the branch stem girth of described step 4) is 0.55 ~ 0.7cm.
Further, described step 2) concrete operations on whole ground are: machine is turned over, ridging after rotary tillage, high 0.3 meter × wide 1.10 ~ 1.20 meters of ridge, ditches between ridge, furrow width 0.3 meter × deep 0.3 meter;After ridging, use black film mulching.
Further, in step 5), described transplanting process is with two row/ridge, and line space is 0.7 ~ 0.8 meter, and spacing in the rows is 0.5 ~ 0.6 meter and carries out planting Flos Chrysanthemi, and Flos Chrysanthemi is isosceles triangle distribution, every mu of ground 1500 ~ 1900 strain.
Further, in step 5), the time of described transplanting is annual June, July, August, transplants after rain, and temperature is 25 ~ 32 degree, and soil table is moistening.
Further, in step 5), described hole is 10 centimetres deeply, a diameter of 10 centimetres.
Further, the concrete operations of described step 7) diseases prevention insect protected are: control soil-borne disease in the way of rice field-upland field rotation, control insect pest timely and suppress other diseases;Cuttage, nursery do not use the branch of plant in spite of illness, break off parent, filial generation route of transmission;Deployment trap lamp, is placed on trap lamp limit, field, places a trap lamp for every 8 ~ 10 mu, it is possible to effective trapping moth class lepidopteran insects;At deployment yellow, blue insect-sticking plate, height is 70 ~ 120cm, and 20 insect-sticking plates are placed on every mu of ground, and the specification of insect-sticking plate is 20 × 30 centimetres, preventing and treating aleyrodid, aphid, leafhopper etc.;Use 0.3% nimbin of dilution 500 ~ 800 times with preventing and treating diamondback moth and Spodoptera litura larvae;0.5% matrine spraying dilution 500 ~ 800 times before bud differentiation is prevented eliminating aphis, and reuses before flowering and prevents thrips from endangering Flos Chrysanthemi;Additionally, combine weeding to carry out pest control, and organic agricultural chemicals is used to be controlled within the hot and humid time period.
Further, the concrete operations of described step 8) are: early stage uses base manure, and the later stage need to topdress;The composition of described base manure is the biological organic fertilizer reaching organic standard, and amount of application is every mu of ground 1000~1500kg, after ploughing soil, by fertilizers input, Soil and Fertilizer is mixed with rotary cultivator rotary tillage;Described topdressing is carried out in four times: month after plant division is transplanted of topdressing for the first time, the amount of application of biological organic fertilizer is 25 ~ 40g/ strain;Second time is topdressed as July, and the amount of application of biological organic fertilizer is 25 ~ 40g/ strain;It is 50 ~ 60g/ strain that third time is topdressed as 20 days ~ JIUYUE in August time its dose on the 5th;4th time dressing time is early October, selects Liquid organic fertilizer, and dose is 30 ~ 50g/ strain.
Further, it be that fine day is gathered by the end of October to by the end of November that described step 9) receives the time spent, scatters 2/3 for suitable collection period with fickle in love, needs carry out storage and process, prevent Flos Chrysanthemi rotten, variable color after gathering.
When in step 4) shading shed nursery, the internode length of branch is less than 3 centimetres, the cutting seedling survival rate of clip declines about 12%;When the internode length of branch is more than 4 centimetres, the cutting seedling survival rate of clip is more or less the same with internode length 3 ~ 4 centimetres, but makes whole cultivation period extend more than 1 week;Branch stem girth is the bigger the better, but when compound stem is trapped among 0.55 ~ 0.7cm, the cutting seedling survival rate of clip is to more than 93%, and whole cultivation period is the shortest.
A kind of organic cultivation method drinking Flos Chrysanthemi of the present invention, it is simple to implantation in large scale drinks Flos Chrysanthemi;Owing to selecting biological organic fertilizer and organic agricultural chemicals during plantation, environmental pollution is little;The Flos Chrysanthemi yield of cultivation is high, quality better, and commodity value is high, is common drug, drinks tens times of Flos Chrysanthemi.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the invention will be further described.
Embodiment 1
A kind of organic cultivation method drinking Flos Chrysanthemi of the present embodiment, concretely comprises the following steps:
1) seed selection: select colory Dendranthemamorifolium;
2) wholely: machine is turned over, ridging after rotary tillage, high 0.3 meter × wide 1.20 meters of ridge, ditch between ridge, furrow width 0.3 meter × deep 0.3 meter;After ridging, use black film mulching;
3) plant division: March 15, the Plantula chrysanthemi stayed upper one year carried out plant division, can not hurt root system during transplanting;
4) shading shed nursery: after May, selection growing way is preferable, the coat color of stem stalk is mauve branch, and a length of 3.0 centimetres of internode, branch stem girth is 0.55cm, clip cutting seedling;Cutting seedling is four long vaned effective joints, removes the blade of lower end two joint, by lower two joint embedment soil layers;In shading shed during nursery, within 2 days, water the humidity of a water holding soil;
5) transplanting: at the beginning of 6 months, transplant after rain, temperature is 25 ~ 27 degree, soil table moistens, when seedling grows two panels young leaves, and time fully deployed, Flos Chrysanthemi plant band soil from soil is dug out, institute's band soil amount need to hold the main root system of Flos Chrysanthemi, digs with spud and cheats, with two row/ridge on mulch film, line space is 0.8 meter, spacing in the rows is 0.5 meter and carries out planting Flos Chrysanthemi, and Flos Chrysanthemi is isosceles triangle distribution, every mu of ground 1776 strain;Then, the Flos Chrysanthemi plant of band soil is planted in hole, rear earthing, waters;
6) water: moisture moistens with the soil layer at Flos Chrysanthemi main root system place and is advisable;Seedling Stage: plant is less, water requirement is less, answers soil surface to do and rewaters;Trophophase early stage: branch is more, but it is in the end of spring and the beginning of summer, rainwater is more, and soil moisture content is higher, need to dredge gutter timely, it is to avoid hydrops;July, the temperature height in August, intensity of sunshine is big, should water timely;JIUYUE, Flos Chrysanthemi is by entrance reproductive growth of nourishing and growing, and because controlling the extent of growth of Flos Chrysanthemi stem and leaf, it is simple to bloom, need to control water, less waters;October 20, Flos Chrysanthemi is bloomed in a large number, and precipitation is relatively big, and humidity is higher, need to carry out drainage works;
7) diseases prevention insect protected: control soil-borne disease in the way of rice field-upland field rotation, controls insect pest timely and suppresses other diseases;Cuttage, nursery do not use the branch of plant in spite of illness, break off parent, filial generation route of transmission;Deployment trap lamp, is placed on trap lamp limit, field, places a trap lamp for every 10 mu, it is possible to effective trapping moth class lepidopteran insects;At deployment yellow, blue insect-sticking plate, height is 120cm, and 20 insect-sticking plates are placed on every mu of ground, and the specification of insect-sticking plate is 20 × 30 centimetres, preventing and treating aleyrodid, aphid, leafhopper etc.;Use 0.3% nimbin of dilution 500 times with preventing and treating diamondback moth and Spodoptera litura larvae;0.5% matrine spraying dilution 500 times before bud differentiation is prevented eliminating aphis, and reuses before flowering and prevents thrips from endangering Flos Chrysanthemi;Additionally, combine weeding to carry out pest control, and organic agricultural chemicals is used to be controlled within the hot and humid time period;
8) fertilising: early stage uses base manure, and the later stage need to topdress;The composition of described base manure is the biological organic fertilizer reaching organic standard, and amount of application is every mu of ground 1000kg, after ploughing soil, by fertilizers input, Soil and Fertilizer is mixed with rotary cultivator rotary tillage;Described topdressing is carried out in four times: month after plant division is transplanted of topdressing for the first time, the amount of application of biological organic fertilizer is 30g/ strain;Second time is topdressed as July, and the amount of application of biological organic fertilizer is 30g/ strain.;It is 50g/ strain that third time is topdressed as its dose in 20 days Augusts time;4th time dressing time is early October, selects Liquid organic fertilizer, and dose is 50g/ strain;
9) receive flower: November 10, fine day is gathered, scatter 2/3 for suitable collection period with fickle in love, need after gathering to carry out storage and processing, prevent Flos Chrysanthemi rotten, variable color.
Embodiment 2
A kind of organic cultivation method drinking Flos Chrysanthemi of the present embodiment, concretely comprises the following steps:
1) seed selection: select colory Dendranthemamorifolium;
2) wholely: machine is turned over, ridging after rotary tillage, high 0.3 meter × wide 1.10 meters of ridge, ditch between ridge, furrow width 0.3 meter × deep 0.3 meter;After ridging, use black film mulching;
3) plant division: March 6, the Plantula chrysanthemi stayed upper one year carries out plant division, can not hurt root system during transplanting;
4) shading shed nursery: after May, selection growing way is preferable, the coat color of stem stalk is mauve branch, a length of 4 centimetres of internode, branch stem girth 0.60cm, clip cutting seedling;Cutting seedling is four long vaned effective joints, removes the blade of lower end two joint, by lower two joint embedment soil layers;In shading shed during nursery, within 3 days, water the humidity of a water holding soil;
5) transplanting: July, transplant after rain, temperature is 27 ~ 32 degree, soil table moistens, when seedling grows two panels young leaves, and time fully deployed, Flos Chrysanthemi plant band soil from soil is dug out, institute's band soil amount need to hold the main root system of Flos Chrysanthemi, digs with spud and cheats, with two row/ridge on mulch film, line space is 0.7 meter, spacing in the rows is 0.5 meter and carries out planting Flos Chrysanthemi, and Flos Chrysanthemi is isosceles triangle distribution, every mu of ground 1900 strain;Then, the Flos Chrysanthemi plant of band soil is planted in hole, rear earthing, waters;
6) water: moisture moistens with the soil layer at Flos Chrysanthemi main root system place and is advisable;Seedling Stage: plant is less, water requirement is less, answers soil surface to do and rewaters;Trophophase early stage: branch is more, but it is in the end of spring and the beginning of summer, rainwater is more, and soil moisture content is higher, need to dredge gutter timely, it is to avoid hydrops;July, the temperature height in August, intensity of sunshine is big, should water timely;JIUYUE, Flos Chrysanthemi is by entrance reproductive growth of nourishing and growing, and because controlling the extent of growth of Flos Chrysanthemi stem and leaf, it is simple to bloom, need to control water, less waters;November 5, Flos Chrysanthemi is bloomed in a large number, and precipitation is relatively big, and humidity is higher, need to carry out drainage works;
7) diseases prevention insect protected: control soil-borne disease in the way of rice field-upland field rotation, controls insect pest timely and suppresses other diseases;Cuttage, nursery do not use the branch of plant in spite of illness, break off parent, filial generation route of transmission;Deployment trap lamp, is placed on trap lamp limit, field, places a trap lamp for every 8 mu, it is possible to effective trapping moth class lepidopteran insects;At deployment yellow, blue insect-sticking plate, height is 70cm, and 20 insect-sticking plates are placed on every mu of ground, and the specification of insect-sticking plate is 20 × 30 centimetres, preventing and treating aleyrodid, aphid, leafhopper etc.;Use 0.3% nimbin of dilution 800 times with preventing and treating diamondback moth and Spodoptera litura larvae;0.5% matrine spraying dilution 800 times before bud differentiation is prevented eliminating aphis, and reuses before flowering and prevents thrips from endangering Flos Chrysanthemi;Additionally, combine weeding to carry out pest control, and organic agricultural chemicals is used to be controlled within the hot and humid time period;
8) fertilising: early stage uses base manure, and the later stage need to topdress;The composition of described base manure is the biological organic fertilizer reaching organic standard, and amount of application is every mu of ground 1500kg, after ploughing soil, by fertilizers input, Soil and Fertilizer is mixed with rotary cultivator rotary tillage;Described topdressing is carried out in four times: month after plant division is transplanted of topdressing for the first time, the amount of application of biological organic fertilizer is 40g/ strain;Second time is topdressed as July, and the amount of application of biological organic fertilizer is 40g/ strain.;It is 60g/ strain that third time is topdressed as its dose in 20 days Augusts time;4th time dressing time is early October, selects Liquid organic fertilizer, and dose is 30g/ strain;
9) receive flower: by the end of October, fine day is gathered, scatter 2/3 for suitable collection period with fickle in love, need after gathering to carry out storage and processing, prevent Flos Chrysanthemi rotten, variable color.
Embodiment 3
A kind of organic cultivation method drinking Flos Chrysanthemi of the present embodiment, concretely comprises the following steps:
1) seed selection: select colory Dendranthemamorifolium;
2) wholely: machine is turned over, ridging after rotary tillage, high 0.3 meter × wide 1.20 meters of ridge, ditch between ridge, furrow width 0.3 meter × deep 0.3 meter;After ridging, use black film mulching;
3) plant division: April 3, the Plantula chrysanthemi stayed upper one year carries out plant division, can not hurt root system during transplanting;
4) shading shed nursery: after May, selection growing way is preferable, the coat color of stem stalk is mauve branch, a length of 3.5 centimetres of internode, branch stem girth 0.70cm, clip cutting seedling;Cutting seedling is four long vaned effective joints, removes the blade of lower end two joint, by lower two joint embedment soil layers;In shading shed during nursery, within 2 days, water the humidity of a water holding soil;
5) transplanting: August, transplant after rain, temperature is 27 ~ 30 degree, soil table moistens, when seedling grows two panels young leaves, and time fully deployed, Flos Chrysanthemi plant band soil from soil is dug out, institute's band soil amount need to hold the main root system of Flos Chrysanthemi, digs with spud and cheats, with two row/ridge on mulch film, line space is 0.8 meter, spacing in the rows is 0.6 meter and carries out planting Flos Chrysanthemi, and Flos Chrysanthemi is isosceles triangle distribution, every mu of ground 1500 strain;Then, the Flos Chrysanthemi plant of band soil is planted in hole, rear earthing, waters;
6) water: moisture moistens with the soil layer at Flos Chrysanthemi main root system place and is advisable;Seedling Stage: plant is less, water requirement is less, answers soil surface to do and rewaters;Trophophase early stage: branch is more, but it is in the end of spring and the beginning of summer, rainwater is more, and soil moisture content is higher, need to dredge gutter timely, it is to avoid hydrops;July, the temperature height in August, intensity of sunshine is big, should water timely;JIUYUE, Flos Chrysanthemi is by entrance reproductive growth of nourishing and growing, and because controlling the extent of growth of Flos Chrysanthemi stem and leaf, it is simple to bloom, need to control water, less waters;November 15, Flos Chrysanthemi is bloomed in a large number, and precipitation is relatively big, and humidity is higher, need to carry out drainage works;
7) diseases prevention insect protected: control soil-borne disease in the way of rice field-upland field rotation, controls insect pest timely and suppresses other diseases;Cuttage, nursery do not use the branch of plant in spite of illness, break off parent, filial generation route of transmission;Deployment trap lamp, is placed on trap lamp limit, field, places a trap lamp for every 9 mu, it is possible to effective trapping moth class lepidopteran insects;At deployment yellow, blue insect-sticking plate, height is 90cm, and 20 insect-sticking plates are placed on every mu of ground, and the specification of insect-sticking plate is 20 × 30 centimetres, preventing and treating aleyrodid, aphid, leafhopper etc.;Use 0.3% nimbin of dilution 600 times with preventing and treating diamondback moth and Spodoptera litura larvae;0.5% matrine spraying dilution 600 times before bud differentiation is prevented eliminating aphis, and reuses before flowering and prevents thrips from endangering Flos Chrysanthemi;Additionally, combine weeding to carry out pest control, and organic agricultural chemicals is used to be controlled within the hot and humid time period;
8) fertilising: early stage uses base manure, and the later stage need to topdress;The composition of described base manure is the biological organic fertilizer reaching organic standard, and amount of application is every mu of ground 1200kg, after ploughing soil, by fertilizers input, Soil and Fertilizer is mixed with rotary cultivator rotary tillage;Described topdressing is carried out in four times: month after plant division is transplanted of topdressing for the first time, the amount of application of biological organic fertilizer is 25g/ strain;Second time is topdressed as July, and the amount of application of biological organic fertilizer is 25g/ strain;It is 55g/ strain that third time is topdressed as its dose in 20 days Augusts time;4th time dressing time is early October, selects Liquid organic fertilizer, and dose is 40g/ strain;
9) receive flower: November 20, fine day is gathered, scatter 2/3 for suitable collection period with fickle in love, need after gathering to carry out storage and processing, prevent Flos Chrysanthemi rotten, variable color.

Claims (10)

1. drink an organic cultivation method for Flos Chrysanthemi, concretely comprise the following steps: 1) seed selection;2) wholely;3) plant division;4) shading shed nursery;5) transplant;6) water;7) diseases prevention insect protected;8) fertilising;9) flower is received;Wherein, step 1) seed selection, 2) wholely, 6) water and 9) receive the way of flower implantation methods routinely, it is characterised in that
The concrete operations of described step 3) plant division are: at the beginning of first arrival in March 4 months, the Plantula chrysanthemi stayed upper one year carries out plant division, can not hurt root system during transplanting;
The concrete operations of described step 4) shading shed nursery are: after May, and selection growing way is preferable, the coat color of stem stalk is mauve branch, a length of 3 ~ 4 centimetres of internode, and branch stem girth is more than 0.5cm, clip cutting seedling;Cutting seedling is four long vaned effective joints, removes the blade of lower end two joint, by lower two joint embedment soil layers;In shading shed during nursery, within 2 ~ 3 days, water the humidity of a water holding soil;
The concrete operations that described step 5) is transplanted are: when seedling grows two panels young leaves, and time fully deployed, dug out by Flos Chrysanthemi plant band soil from soil, institute's band soil amount need to hold the main root system of Flos Chrysanthemi, digs with spud and cheat on mulch film, plants in hole by the Flos Chrysanthemi plant of band soil, rear earthing, waters.
Drink the organic cultivation method of Flos Chrysanthemi the most as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the branch stem girth of described step 4) is 0.55 ~ 0.7cm.
Drink the organic cultivation method of Flos Chrysanthemi the most as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that described step 2) whole ground concrete operations be: machine is turned over, ridging after rotary tillage, high 0.3 meter × wide 1.10 ~ 1.20 meters of ridge, between ridge ditch, furrow width 0.3 meter × deep 0.3 meter;After ridging, use black film mulching.
Drink the organic cultivation method of Flos Chrysanthemi the most as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that in step 5), described transplanting process is with two row/ridge, and line space is 0.7 ~ 0.8 meter, and spacing in the rows is 0.5 ~ 0.6 meter and carries out planting Flos Chrysanthemi, Flos Chrysanthemi is isosceles triangle distribution, every mu of ground 1500 ~ 1900 strain.
Drinking the organic cultivation method of Flos Chrysanthemi the most as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that in step 5), the time of described transplanting is annual June, July, August, transplants after rain, and temperature is 25 ~ 32 degree, and soil table is moistening.
Drinking the organic cultivation method of Flos Chrysanthemi the most as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that in step 5), the time of described transplanting is annual June, July, August, transplants after rain, and temperature is 25 ~ 32 degree, and soil table is moistening.
Drinking the organic cultivation method of Flos Chrysanthemi the most as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that in step 5), described hole is 10 centimetres deeply, a diameter of 10 centimetres.
Drink the organic cultivation method of Flos Chrysanthemi the most as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that the concrete operations of described step 7) diseases prevention insect protected are: in the way of rice field-upland field rotation, control soil-borne disease, control insect pest timely and suppress other diseases;Cuttage, nursery do not use the branch of plant in spite of illness, break off parent, filial generation route of transmission;Deployment trap lamp, is placed on trap lamp limit, field, places a trap lamp for every 8 ~ 10 mu, it is possible to effective trapping moth class lepidopteran insects;At deployment yellow, blue insect-sticking plate, height is 70 ~ 120cm, and 20 insect-sticking plates are placed on every mu of ground, and the specification of insect-sticking plate is 20 × 30 centimetres, prevent and treat aleyrodid, aphid, leafhopper;Use 0.3% nimbin of dilution 500 ~ 800 times with preventing and treating diamondback moth and Spodoptera litura larvae;0.5% matrine spraying dilution 500 ~ 800 times before bud differentiation is prevented eliminating aphis, and reuses before flowering and prevents thrips from endangering Flos Chrysanthemi;Additionally, combine weeding to carry out pest control, and organic agricultural chemicals is used to be controlled within the hot and humid time period.
Drink the organic cultivation method of Flos Chrysanthemi the most as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that the concrete operations of described step 8) are: early stage uses base manure, and the later stage need to topdress;The composition of described base manure is the biological organic fertilizer reaching organic standard, and amount of application is every mu of ground 1000~1500kg, after ploughing soil, by fertilizers input, Soil and Fertilizer is mixed with rotary cultivator rotary tillage;Described topdressing is carried out in four times: month after plant division is transplanted of topdressing for the first time, the amount of application of biological organic fertilizer is 25 ~ 40g/ strain;Second time is topdressed as July, and the amount of application of biological organic fertilizer is 25 ~ 40g/ strain;It is 50 ~ 60g/ strain that third time is topdressed as 20 days ~ JIUYUE in August time its dose on the 5th;4th time dressing time is early October, selects Liquid organic fertilizer, and dose is 30 ~ 50g/ strain.
Drink the organic cultivation method of Flos Chrysanthemi the most as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that the described step 9) receipts time spent is by the end of October to by the end of November, fine day is gathered, and scatters 2/3 for suitable collection period with fickle in love, needs to carry out storage and processing after gathering, prevent Flos Chrysanthemi from rotting, variable color.
CN201410173642.1A 2014-04-28 2014-04-28 A kind of organic cultivation method drinking Flos Chrysanthemi Active CN103975728B (en)

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