CN103968370A - Burner - Google Patents

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Publication number
CN103968370A
CN103968370A CN201410226902.7A CN201410226902A CN103968370A CN 103968370 A CN103968370 A CN 103968370A CN 201410226902 A CN201410226902 A CN 201410226902A CN 103968370 A CN103968370 A CN 103968370A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
communicated
burner
bellows
air
pipe
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410226902.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张金锁
孙进才
张旭峰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shanxi Ling Ying Biomass Energy Development Corp Ltd
Original Assignee
Shanxi Ling Ying Biomass Energy Development Corp Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shanxi Ling Ying Biomass Energy Development Corp Ltd filed Critical Shanxi Ling Ying Biomass Energy Development Corp Ltd
Priority to CN201410226902.7A priority Critical patent/CN103968370A/en
Publication of CN103968370A publication Critical patent/CN103968370A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a burner, and belongs to the technical field of burners. The burner is high in fire outlet temperature, convenient to move and capable of being used on a boiler, saves energy and protects environments. According to the burner, a stock bin is communicated with a hearth inside a barrel through a feeding pipe, an ash falling chamber is formed in the lower portion of the hearth, fire bars are arranged between the hearth and the ash falling chamber, an air bellow is arranged on the lower portion of the stock bin, the air bellow is communicated with a draught fan, a fire outlet is formed in the right side of the barrel, the barrel, the air bellow and the draught fan are all arranged on a base, the air bellow is communicated with a feeding port of the feeding pipe through a feeding air pipe, a secondary air pipe is arranged on the lower portion of the feeding pipe, the two ends of the secondary air pipe are communicated with the air bellow and the hearth respectively, the air bellow is communicated with the ash falling chamber through a main air inlet pipe, the air bellow is communicated with a cooling air pipe, the cooling air pipe is communicated with an air outlet channel through an interlayer, and the air outlet channel is a channel formed between the barrel and the fire outlet. The burner is mainly applied to boilers and other aspects needing burners.

Description

A kind of burner
Technical field
A kind of burner of the present invention, belongs to technical field of burner.
Background technology
At present, family or industrial heating plant major part all adopt coal or natural gas as fuel, as everyone knows, day by day severe due to ecological environment in recent years, add the increase of cost of winning, the price of coal and natural gas is more and more higher, and the exhaustion day by day along with these non-renewable resources, as long-range consideration people, must research and develop again the resource that makes new advances to replace coal and natural gas, rural area major part all adopted the straw of crops to meet all kinds of life requirements as fuel in the past, but because crop stalk easily discharges a large amount of black smokes when burning, contaminated environment, and general temperature is not high, mobile dumb, generally can not on boiler, use, therefore be necessary to be improved.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of burner that a kind of temperature that fires is high, facilitate movement, energy-conserving and environment-protective and can use on boiler.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution used in the present invention is:
A kind of burner, feed bin is communicated with the burner hearth of inner barrel by feed pipe, lower furnace portion is provided with ash-falling chamber, between burner hearth and ash-falling chamber, there is fire bars, feed bin bottom is provided with bellows, bellows are communicated with blower fan, there is crater on cylindrical shell right side, described cylindrical shell, bellows and blower fan are all placed on base, described bellows are communicated with feed pipe charging aperture place by charging airduct, secondary air channel is arranged at described feed pipe bottom, described secondary air channel two ends are communicated with bellows and burner hearth respectively, described bellows are communicated with ash-falling chamber by main blast pipe, described bellows are communicated with cooling airduct, described cooling airduct is communicated with exhaust passage by interlayer, described exhaust passage is the passage forming between cylindrical shell and crater.
There is lighting-up tuyere lower end, described cylindrical shell left side, and described lighting-up tuyere is communicated with bellows by igniting combustion supporting airduct.
Between described feed bin and feed pipe, have feeding to stir wheel, described feeding is stirred wheel and is connected with motor by decelerator.
Described base connects with wheel by support.
There is thermal insulation separation thermosphere described cylindrical shell upper end.
The beneficial effect that the present invention compared with prior art had is:
1, the present invention laterally dispels feed pipe material out by secondary air channel, material can be burnt better in burner hearth, and now, material has a horizontal power in burner hearth, simultaneously main blast pipe by ash-falling chamber in burner hearth on dispel, now material has a power making progress, and because material has the effect of cross force and longitudinal force simultaneously, so forms eddy effect, make material can reach in the temperature at crater place 1500 ℃, the temperature that fires is high, and burning exhaust, energy-conserving and environment-protective;
2, at lighting-up tuyere, igniting combustion air pipe is set, can carries out better work;
3, motor stirs to take turns by decelerator and feeding and connects, and regulates feeding to stir the speed of wheel, and then controlled the temperature at bocca place by decelerator;
4, bottom of the present invention is provided with base, makes its complete equipment integrated, and there is wheel base lower end, can conveniently move this equipment;
5, the present invention reaches second-time burning by crater and exhaust passage, has effectively utilized the energy, has reduced again pollution.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below by accompanying drawing, the specific embodiment of the present invention is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
In figure, 1 is cylindrical shell, 2 is burner hearth, 3 is ash-falling chamber, 4 is bocca, 5 is spit tube, 6 is exhaust passage, 7 is discharge pipe, 8 is feed bin, 9 stir wheel for feeding, 10 is motor, 11 is feed pipe, 12 is charging airduct, 13 is secondary air channel, 14 is bellows, 15 is blower fan, 16 is lighting-up tuyere, 17 is the combustion-supporting airduct of lighting-up tuyere, 18 is main blast pipe, 19 is cooling airduct, 20 is thermal insulation separation thermosphere, 21 is base, 22 is wheel, 23 is decelerator, 24 is interlayer, 25 is support, 26 is crater, 27 is fire bars.
The specific embodiment
The invention will be further described by reference to the accompanying drawings for embodiment below.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of burner, feed bin 8 is communicated with the burner hearth 2 of cylindrical shell 1 inside by feed pipe 11, burner hearth 2 bottoms are provided with ash-falling chamber 3, there are fire bars 27 in 3 of burner hearth 2 and ash-falling chamber, feed bin 8 bottoms are provided with bellows 14, bellows 14 are communicated with blower fan 15, there is crater 26 on cylindrical shell 1 right side, described cylindrical shell 1, bellows 14 and blower fan 15 are all placed on base 21, described bellows 14 are communicated with feed pipe 11 charging aperture places by charging airduct 12, secondary air channel 13 is arranged at described feed pipe 11 bottoms, described secondary air channel 13 two ends are communicated with bellows 14 and burner hearth 2 respectively, described bellows 14 are communicated with by main blast pipe 18Yu ash-falling chamber 3, described bellows 14 are communicated with cooling airduct 19, described cooling airduct 19 is communicated with exhaust passage 6 by interlayer 24, 6 Jun You gaps, both sides, described exhaust passage, described cylindrical shell 1 right side also has bocca 4, described bocca 4 is positioned at the inner side of crater 26, place, gap between described bocca 4 and 6 inner sides, exhaust passage is coated with spit tube 5, the place, gap in 6 outsides, described exhaust passage is coated with discharge pipe 7.
There is lighting-up tuyere 16 described cylindrical shell 1 lower end, left side, and described lighting-up tuyere 16 is communicated with bellows 14 by igniting combustion supporting airduct 17.
11 of described feed bin 8 and feed pipes have feeding to stir wheel 9, and described feeding is stirred wheel 9 and connected with motor 10 by decelerator 23.
Described base 21 connects with wheel 22 by support 25.
There is thermal insulation separation thermosphere 20 described cylindrical shell 1 upper end.
Operation principle of the present invention is: material (as agricultural crop straw) is put into feed bin 8, motor 10 drives feeding to stir wheel 9 and rotates, the effect of stirring wheel 9 due to gravity and feeding makes material enter feed pipe 11, because motor 10 and feeding are stirred 9, wheel and are had decelerator 23, therefore the quantity that, material enters feed pipe 11 can be regulated by decelerator 23; Bellows 15 are communicated with the charging aperture place of feed pipe 11 by charging airduct 12, therefore can better make material enter in burner hearth 2 from feed pipe 11; Bellows 15 are communicated with burner hearth 2 by secondary air channel 13, therefore connectivity part is positioned at the lower end of feed pipe 11, the material just entering in burner hearth 2 laterally can be dispelled, and bellows 15 are also communicated with by main blast pipe 18Yu ash-falling chamber 3, ash-falling chamber 3 is positioned at burner hearth 2 belows, therefore, the wind entering in ash-falling chamber 3 can upwards blow afloat the material in burner hearth 2, due to the interior existing horizontal power of burner hearth 2, there is again power longitudinally, so burner hearth 2 is interior, can form whirlpool, burn more complete, temperature is also higher; Because there is thermal insulation separation thermosphere 20 cylindrical shell 1 upper end, skin has interlayer 24, makes the interior thermal loss of burner hearth 2 seldom, because there is again very high temperature inside, therefore at bocca 4 places, carries out flame, and the temperature at crater 26 places can reach 1500 ℃; Bellows 15 are communicated with cooling airduct 19, and cooling airduct 19 is communicated with exhaust passage 6 by interlayer 24, and the wind of exhaust passage 6 enters bocca 4 through the spit tube 5 of inner side, for it, burns more fully, and unnecessary wind is emitted through discharge pipe 7; Bellows 15 are communicated with lighting-up tuyere 16 by the combustion-supporting airduct 17 of lighting-up tuyere, and lighting-up tuyere 16 can be worked better; Base 21 joins the present invention's equipment used together, and bottom is provided with wheel 22, makes the present invention convenient mobile, can be suitable for more occasions, can better promote.

Claims (6)

1. a burner, feed bin (8) is communicated with by feed pipe (11) burner hearth (2) inner with cylindrical shell (1), burner hearth (2) bottom is provided with ash-falling chamber (3), between burner hearth (2) and ash-falling chamber (3), there is fire bars (27), feed bin (8) bottom is provided with bellows (14), bellows (14) are communicated with blower fan (15), there is crater (26) on cylindrical shell (1) right side, described cylindrical shell (1), bellows (14) and blower fan (15) are all placed on base (21), it is characterized in that: described bellows (14) are communicated with feed pipe (11) charging aperture place by charging airduct (12), secondary air channel (13) is arranged at described feed pipe (11) bottom, described secondary air channel (13) two ends are communicated with bellows (14) and burner hearth (2) respectively, described bellows (14) are communicated with ash-falling chamber (3) by main blast pipe (18), described bellows (14) are communicated with cooling airduct (19), described cooling airduct (19) is communicated with exhaust passage (6) by interlayer (24).
2. a kind of burner according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described exhaust passage (6) passage for forming between cylindrical shell (1) and crater (26).
3. a kind of burner according to claim 1, is characterized in that: there is lighting-up tuyere (16) lower end, described cylindrical shell (1) left side, and described lighting-up tuyere (16) is communicated with bellows (14) by igniting combustion supporting airduct (17).
4. a kind of burner according to claim 1, is characterized in that: between described feed bin (8) and feed pipe (11), have feeding to stir wheel (9), described feeding is stirred wheel (9) and connected with motor (10) by decelerator (23).
5. a kind of burner according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described base (21) connects with wheel (22) by support (25).
6. a kind of burner according to claim 1, is characterized in that: there is thermal insulation separation thermosphere (20) described cylindrical shell (1) upper end.
CN201410226902.7A 2014-05-27 2014-05-27 Burner Pending CN103968370A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410226902.7A CN103968370A (en) 2014-05-27 2014-05-27 Burner

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410226902.7A CN103968370A (en) 2014-05-27 2014-05-27 Burner

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103968370A true CN103968370A (en) 2014-08-06

Family

ID=51238196

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410226902.7A Pending CN103968370A (en) 2014-05-27 2014-05-27 Burner

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103968370A (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104595887A (en) * 2014-12-03 2015-05-06 余姚市朗霞双俊塑料拉丝厂 Automatic control type biomass energy baking device
CN104848203A (en) * 2015-05-18 2015-08-19 苏州市亘晟涂装工程有限公司 Biomass particle burner
CN105333448A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-02-17 嘉善宝丰合同能源管理有限公司 Boiler feed mechanism
CN105333420A (en) * 2014-08-11 2016-02-17 涂玉明 Bio-particle gasification burner
CN105485896A (en) * 2016-01-11 2016-04-13 山东禄禧新能源科技有限公司 Vacuum structure biomass combustor
CN105526581A (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-04-27 广西节得乐生物质能源科技有限公司 Biomass gasification combustor
CN110542114A (en) * 2018-05-28 2019-12-06 张金旗 Throwing machine

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
ES1075583U (en) * 2011-09-30 2011-11-03 Calorifica Domestica, S.L. Modular boiler (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
CN202048567U (en) * 2011-05-16 2011-11-23 何飞昆 Biomass combustor
WO2012096900A2 (en) * 2011-01-10 2012-07-19 Whitfield Jerry Devices for and methods of producing renewable thermal energy and biochar
CN202432509U (en) * 2011-12-30 2012-09-12 朱春华 Quintic-air-distribution automatic-control biomass combustion machine
CN202813342U (en) * 2012-06-26 2013-03-20 中山市兴和生物能源科技有限公司 Semi-gasification biomass burning machine
CN103017146A (en) * 2012-12-25 2013-04-03 常熟市辛庄镇前进五金厂 Biomass sawdust fuel burning mechanism
CN203517767U (en) * 2013-05-29 2014-04-02 中山市兴和生物能源科技有限公司 Biomass combustor
CN203848275U (en) * 2014-05-27 2014-09-24 山西灵英生物质能源开发有限公司 Combustor

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2012096900A2 (en) * 2011-01-10 2012-07-19 Whitfield Jerry Devices for and methods of producing renewable thermal energy and biochar
CN202048567U (en) * 2011-05-16 2011-11-23 何飞昆 Biomass combustor
ES1075583U (en) * 2011-09-30 2011-11-03 Calorifica Domestica, S.L. Modular boiler (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
CN202432509U (en) * 2011-12-30 2012-09-12 朱春华 Quintic-air-distribution automatic-control biomass combustion machine
CN202813342U (en) * 2012-06-26 2013-03-20 中山市兴和生物能源科技有限公司 Semi-gasification biomass burning machine
CN103017146A (en) * 2012-12-25 2013-04-03 常熟市辛庄镇前进五金厂 Biomass sawdust fuel burning mechanism
CN203517767U (en) * 2013-05-29 2014-04-02 中山市兴和生物能源科技有限公司 Biomass combustor
CN203848275U (en) * 2014-05-27 2014-09-24 山西灵英生物质能源开发有限公司 Combustor

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105333420A (en) * 2014-08-11 2016-02-17 涂玉明 Bio-particle gasification burner
CN104595887A (en) * 2014-12-03 2015-05-06 余姚市朗霞双俊塑料拉丝厂 Automatic control type biomass energy baking device
CN104848203A (en) * 2015-05-18 2015-08-19 苏州市亘晟涂装工程有限公司 Biomass particle burner
CN105333448A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-02-17 嘉善宝丰合同能源管理有限公司 Boiler feed mechanism
CN105526581A (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-04-27 广西节得乐生物质能源科技有限公司 Biomass gasification combustor
CN105485896A (en) * 2016-01-11 2016-04-13 山东禄禧新能源科技有限公司 Vacuum structure biomass combustor
CN110542114A (en) * 2018-05-28 2019-12-06 张金旗 Throwing machine

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Application publication date: 20140806

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication