CN103960503B - A kind of environment-friendly type crab feed and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of environment-friendly type crab feed and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103960503B
CN103960503B CN201410140210.0A CN201410140210A CN103960503B CN 103960503 B CN103960503 B CN 103960503B CN 201410140210 A CN201410140210 A CN 201410140210A CN 103960503 B CN103960503 B CN 103960503B
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water
add
dregs
crab
dry
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CN103960503A (en
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孙才海
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Shanghai Harmony Feed Co., Ltd.
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Wuhu Runlan Biotechnology Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of environment-friendly type crab feed and preparation method thereof, it is characterized in that, be made up of the raw material of following weight portion: dish dregs of rice 23-28, cotton dregs 25-30, Chinese yam 20-25, pumpkin seeds 19-23, oat 17-20, Strong flour 16-19, egg-shell meal 15-18, sheep blood 27-34, air bladder 22-27, broad bean paste 4-6, rock sugar 3-5, sunflower oil 5-8, marine alga 19-24, balsam pear 18-20, hawthorn 14-17, Huang Tao 12-15, lavender 3-5, Verbena officinalis 1-3, pseudo-ginseng 0.7-1.3, phagostimulant 4-7, suitable quantity of water; The present invention adds suppleness and the plasticity that Strong flour can increase feed, the dish dregs of rice, cotton dregs, pumpkin seeds and cereals nutrient are abundant, containing required nutrition such as abundant amino acid, vitamin, dietary fiber etc., crab functions of intestines and stomach can be improved, contribute to the appetite and the digestion and absorption function that improve crab, efficiency of feed utilization of the present invention is good, be of high nutritive value, and not containing any additive, improves cultivation water and prepares simple, with low cost.

Description

A kind of environment-friendly type crab feed and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of fodder, be specifically related to a kind of environment-friendly type crab feed and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
The food variety of crab is various, small fish and shrimp is their favorite, but some crab eats marine alga, connect even spoil or plant can eat, they spend with the most of the time at search of food, not particular about food, as long as the food that can chew can be eaten, this exactly also have impact on the fresh and tender of crab meat and taste.In addition the small fish that the many employings of animal fodder of a lot of crab are fresh or freezing in the market and fish meal are primary raw material, exist and destroy the shortcoming such as the stock of fish and easy polluted source, these feeds easily become pasty state in water, do not meet the eating habit that crab likes molded food product; In addition, existing crab feed kind is single, and trophic structure is uneven, the easy shortcoming such as putrid and deteriorated.So find that a kind of trophic structure is balanced, palatability is good, the feed accommodating crab each growth period of the facile hydrolysis not novel green health of polluted source be not extremely urgent.
Summary of the invention
Object of the present invention is just to provide a kind of environment-friendly type crab feed and preparation method thereof, to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this:
A kind of environment-friendly type crab feed, it is characterized in that, be made up of the raw material of following weight portion: dish dregs of rice 23-28, cotton dregs 25-30, Chinese yam 20-25, pumpkin seeds 19-23, oat 17-20, Strong flour 16-19, egg-shell meal 15-18, sheep blood 27-34, air bladder 22-27, broad bean paste 4-6, rock sugar 3-5, sunflower oil 5-8, marine alga 19-24, balsam pear 18-20, hawthorn 14-17, Huang Tao 12-15, lavender 3-5, Verbena officinalis 1-3, pseudo-ginseng 0.7-1.3, phagostimulant 4-7, suitable quantity of water.
Described phagostimulant is made up of following raw materials in part by weight: corn flour 16-19, shrimp shell 17-21, allicin 0.4-0.8, green vegetables fiber 5-8, yeast cell wall powder 12-15, glycine zine 1-2, Mn-Gly 2-3, retinol1 .2-3.2, vitamine D3 2.3-4.1, ethoxyquinoline 0.8-2.1, Aspartame 1.1-2.3, tylosin 3-4, ascorbic acid 2.3-5.2, lard 6-9, glycerine 5-7, sepiolite 14-17, Pizza grass 20-25, suitable quantity of water, and its preparation method is dried and grind to form mixed powder at corn flour, shrimp shell, Pizza grass; By lard, glycerine heating for dissolving, add while hot ascorbic acid stir, be cooled to room temperature after add allicin, green vegetables fiber and yeast cell wall powder and continue to stir 5-8 minute, obtained slurry; Sepiolite is put into calcining furnace and calcine 2-3 hour at 520-570 DEG C, take out, the hydrochloric acid solution putting into 10-13% soaks 4-5 hour, filter and take out, use clear water cyclic washing, dry and pulverize, be added to the water, meanwhile, add tylosin, glycine zine, Mn-Gly grinding, spraying dry obtains xeraphium; Finally add water obtained mixed powder, slurry, xeraphium and other residual components mixing, grinds granulation and get final product.
The preparation method of described a kind of environment-friendly type crab feed, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) balsam pear, hawthorn, Huang Tao are added suitable quantity of water to put into cooking machine and break into slurry, then add Chinese yam and be heated to ripe rotten together, smash into mud to pieces;
(2) lavender, Verbena officinalis, pseudo-ginseng are added water and in water, decoct 2-3 hour together and filter, get its filter residue and dry together with marine alga and grind to form mixed powder;
(3) sunflower seeds rusting heat is added rock sugar, air bladder stir-fries together with broad bean paste, the middle drug filtrate and the sheep blood that add step (2) boil 40-50min, pull air bladder out and dry together with sheep blood, pulverize;
(4) mixed powder adding step (2) again of pulverizing after the dish dregs of rice, cotton dregs, pumpkin seeds and oat fried dry is stirred, then the meat soup adding step (3) stirs and evenly mixs pulping;
(5) step (1), (3), (4) reaction mass and other residual components are added water and stir, steam 40 minutes through 90-110 DEG C, cooling, granulation, balling-up particle diameter, at 0.5-2mm, is dried and be get final product.
The chemical classes additive component such as allicin, yeast cell wall powder, glycine zine, Mn-Gly, vitamin A, vitamine D3, ethoxyquinoline, Aspartame, tylosin, ascorbic acid in the present invention, dosage form is all adopted to add, do not adopt neat form to add, addition should meet national Specification.
The present invention has following beneficial effect: the present invention adds suppleness and the plasticity that Strong flour can increase feed, the dish dregs of rice, cotton dregs, pumpkin seeds and cereals nutrient are abundant, containing required nutrition such as abundant amino acid, vitamin, dietary fiber etc., crab functions of intestines and stomach can be improved, contribute to the appetite and the digestion and absorption function that improve crab; Efficiency of feed utilization of the present invention is good, be of high nutritive value, and not containing any additive, reduces the loss of nitrogen and phosphorus in feed, improves cultivation water and prepare simple, with low cost, be suitable for average family and buy.
Detailed description of the invention
Described a kind of environment-friendly type crab feed, it is characterized in that, be made up of the raw material of following weight portion: the dish dregs of rice 25, cotton dregs 28, Chinese yam 23, pumpkin seeds 19, oat 17, Strong flour 16, egg-shell meal 15, sheep blood 27, air bladder 27, broad bean paste 4, rock sugar 3, sunflower oil 8, marine alga 19, balsam pear 18, hawthorn 14, Huang Tao 12, lavender 3, Verbena officinalis 1, pseudo-ginseng 0.7, phagostimulant 4, suitable quantity of water.
Described phagostimulant is made up of following raw materials in part by weight: corn flour 16, shrimp shell 17, allicin 0.6, green vegetables fiber 5, yeast cell wall powder 14, glycine zine 1, Mn-Gly 2, retinol1 .4, vitamine D3 2.3, ethoxyquinoline 0.8, Aspartame 1.1, tylosin 3, ascorbic acid 2.3, lard 8, glycerine 7, sepiolite 14, Pizza grass 22, suitable quantity of water, and its preparation method is dried and grind to form mixed powder at corn flour, shrimp shell, Pizza grass; By lard, glycerine heating for dissolving, add while hot ascorbic acid stir, be cooled to room temperature after add allicin, green vegetables fiber and yeast cell wall powder and continue to stir 5-8 minute, obtained slurry; Sepiolite is put into calcining furnace and calcine 2-3 hour at 520-570 DEG C, take out, the hydrochloric acid solution putting into 10-13% soaks 4-5 hour, filter and take out, use clear water cyclic washing, dry and pulverize, be added to the water, meanwhile, add tylosin, glycine zine, Mn-Gly grinding, spraying dry obtains xeraphium; Finally add water obtained mixed powder, slurry, xeraphium and other residual components mixing, grinds granulation and get final product.
Preparation method comprises the following steps:
(1) balsam pear, hawthorn, Huang Tao are added suitable quantity of water to put into cooking machine and break into slurry, then add Chinese yam and be heated to ripe rotten together, smash into mud to pieces;
(2) lavender, Verbena officinalis, pseudo-ginseng are added water and in water, decoct 2-3 hour together and filter, get its filter residue and dry together with marine alga and grind to form mixed powder;
(3) sunflower seeds rusting heat is added rock sugar, air bladder stir-fries together with broad bean paste, the middle drug filtrate and the sheep blood that add step (2) boil 40-50min, pull air bladder out and dry together with sheep blood, pulverize;
(4) mixed powder adding step (2) again of pulverizing after the dish dregs of rice, cotton dregs, pumpkin seeds and oat fried dry is stirred, then the meat soup adding step (3) stirs and evenly mixs pulping;
(5) step (1), (3), (4) reaction mass and other residual components are added water and stir, steam 40 minutes through 90-110 DEG C, cooling, granulation, balling-up particle diameter, at 0.5-2mm, is dried and be get final product.
In order to further illustrate using value of the present invention, raise family and crab is equally divided into test group and control group two groups according to age in days, body weight, principle that health status is identical by 200 crabs, separately feed, test group feeds crab feed of the present invention, control group feeds traditional crab feed, experimental period is 90 days, and compared with control group, test group every technical parameter index is as follows:
Weight average growth rate after (1) 90 day: 193%;
(2) sick rate reduces by 13.1%;
(3) water float thing is only 0.06%.

Claims (1)

1. an environment-friendly type crab feed, it is characterized in that, be made up of the raw material of following weight portion: dish dregs of rice 23-28, cotton dregs 25-30, Chinese yam 20-25, pumpkin seeds 19-23, oat 17-20, Strong flour 16-19, egg-shell meal 15-18, sheep blood 27-34, air bladder 22-27, broad bean paste 4-6, rock sugar 3-5, sunflower oil 5-8, marine alga 19-24, balsam pear 18-20, hawthorn 14-17, Huang Tao 12-15, lavender 3-5, Verbena officinalis 1-3, pseudo-ginseng 0.7-1.3, phagostimulant 4-7, suitable quantity of water; Described phagostimulant is made up of following raw materials in part by weight: corn flour 16-19, shrimp shell 17-21, allicin 0.4-0.8, green vegetables fiber 5-8, yeast cell wall powder 12-15, glycine zine 1-2, Mn-Gly 2-3, retinol1 .2-3.2, vitamine D3 2.3-4.1, ethoxyquinoline 0.8-2.1, Aspartame 1.1-2.3, tylosin 3-4, ascorbic acid 2.3-5.2, lard 6-9, glycerine 5-7, sepiolite 14-17, Pizza grass 20-25, suitable quantity of water, and its preparation method is dried and grind to form mixed powder at corn flour, shrimp shell, Pizza grass; By lard, glycerine heating for dissolving, add while hot ascorbic acid stir, be cooled to room temperature after add allicin, green vegetables fiber and yeast cell wall powder and continue to stir 5-8 minute, obtained slurry; Sepiolite is put into calcining furnace and calcine 2-3 hour at 520-570 DEG C, take out, the hydrochloric acid solution putting into 10-13% soaks 4-5 hour, filter and take out, use clear water cyclic washing, dry and pulverize, be added to the water, meanwhile, add tylosin, glycine zine, Mn-Gly grinding, spraying dry obtains xeraphium; Finally add water obtained mixed powder, slurry, xeraphium and other residual components mixing, grinds granulation and get final product;
The preparation method of described a kind of environment-friendly type crab feed comprises the following steps: balsam pear, hawthorn, Huang Tao are added suitable quantity of water and put into cooking machine and break into slurry by (1), then adds Chinese yam and be heated to ripe rotten together, smashs into mud to pieces; (2) lavender, Verbena officinalis, pseudo-ginseng are added water and in water, decoct 2-3 hour together and filter, get its filter residue and dry together with marine alga and grind to form mixed powder; (3) sunflower seeds rusting heat is added rock sugar, air bladder stir-fries together with broad bean paste, the middle drug filtrate and the sheep blood that add step (2) boil 40-50min, pull air bladder out and dry together with sheep blood, pulverize; (4) mixed powder adding step (2) again of pulverizing after the dish dregs of rice, cotton dregs, pumpkin seeds and oat fried dry is stirred, then the meat soup adding step (3) stirs and evenly mixs pulping; (5) step (1), (3), (4) reaction mass and other residual components are added water and stir, steam 40 minutes through 90-110 DEG C, cooling, granulation, balling-up particle diameter, at 0.5-2mm, is dried and be get final product.
CN201410140210.0A 2014-04-10 2014-04-10 A kind of environment-friendly type crab feed and preparation method thereof Active CN103960503B (en)

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CN105285495A (en) * 2015-10-22 2016-02-03 安徽孔津湖农业开发有限公司 Grown river crab feed
CN105380007A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-03-09 全椒县天润生态养殖专业合作社 Aquatic feed capable of promoting growth of river crab
CN105533258A (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-05-04 江苏板桥饲料股份有限公司 Crab feed and preparation method thereof
CN105519793A (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-04-27 江苏板桥饲料股份有限公司 Crab feed and preparation method thereof
CN105558413A (en) * 2015-12-16 2016-05-11 苏州蟹家族生态农业有限公司 Crab feed and preparation method thereof
CN105533262A (en) * 2015-12-16 2016-05-04 苏州蟹家族生态农业有限公司 High-quality crab feed and preparation method thereof

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CN1189091C (en) * 2002-10-11 2005-02-16 中国科学院水生生物研究所 Formula and compounding process of adult river crab feed
CN101366459A (en) * 2008-09-03 2009-02-18 上海三智生物科技有限公司 Environment-friendly river crab premix
CN103518652A (en) * 2013-08-18 2014-01-22 何执中 Application of Chinese herbal medicine formula in crab and shrimp breeding

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Address after: 241200 Anhui city of Wuhu province Fanchang County Economic and Technological Development Zone Beisi entrepreneurial Science Park

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Patentee after: Shanghai Harmony Feed Co., Ltd.

Address before: 241200 Anhui city of Wuhu province Fanchang County Economic and Technological Development Zone Beisi entrepreneurial Science Park

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