CN103960503A - Environment-friendly crab feed and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Environment-friendly crab feed and preparation method thereof Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103960503A
CN103960503A CN201410140210.0A CN201410140210A CN103960503A CN 103960503 A CN103960503 A CN 103960503A CN 201410140210 A CN201410140210 A CN 201410140210A CN 103960503 A CN103960503 A CN 103960503A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
add
water
stir
feed
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201410140210.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103960503B (en
Inventor
孙才海
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shanghai Harmony Feed Co., Ltd.
Original Assignee
孙才海
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 孙才海 filed Critical 孙才海
Priority to CN201410140210.0A priority Critical patent/CN103960503B/en
Publication of CN103960503A publication Critical patent/CN103960503A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103960503B publication Critical patent/CN103960503B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures

Abstract

The invention discloses an environment-friendly crab feed and a preparation method thereof. The environment-friendly crab feed is characterized by comprising the following raw materials in parts by weight: 23-28 parts of rapeseed meal, 25-30 parts of cottonseed meal, 20-25 parts of Chinese yam, 19-23 parts of pumpkin seed, 17-20 parts of oat, 16-19 parts of high gluten flour, 15-18 parts of egg shell powder, 27-34 parts of goat blood, 22-27 parts of swim bladder, 4-6 parts of broad bean sauce, 3-5 parts of rock candy, 5-8 parts of sunflower seed oil, 19-24 parts of seaweed, 18-20 parts of bitter gourd, 14-17 parts of hawthorn, 12-15 parts of yellow peaches, 3-5 parts of lavender, 1-3 parts of vervain, 0.7-1.3 parts of pseudo-ginseng, 4-7 parts of phagostimulant, and a proper amount of water. According to the invention, the added high gluten flour can improve the flexibility and plasticity of the feed, and the rapeseed meal, the cottonseed meal, the pumpkin seed and the oat are rich in nutrition, have rich essential nutrition such as amino acid, vitamins and dietary fiber, can improve the intestines and stomach functions of crabs, and facilitate improving the appetite and digestion-absorption function of crabs; the feed provided by the invention is excellent in utilization ratio, high in nutritive value, simple in preparation and low in cost, avoids additives and improves the cultivation water quality.

Description

A kind of environment-friendly type crab feed and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of fodder, be specifically related to a kind of environment-friendly type crab feed and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
The food variety of crab is various, small fish and shrimp is their favorite, but some crab eats marine alga, connecting even spoil or plant can eat, they spend with the most of the time at search of food, not particular about food, can eat as long as the food that can chew, this has exactly also affected the fresh and tender and taste of crab meat.In addition fresh or freezing small fish and the fish meal of the many employings of the animal fodder of a lot of crabs is in the market primary raw material, exist and destroy the shortcoming such as the stock of fish and easy polluted source, these feeds easily become pasty state in water, do not meet crab and like the eating habit of molded food product; In addition, existing crab feed kind is single, trophic structure imbalance, the easy shortcoming such as putrid and deteriorated.So find a kind of trophic structure equilibrium, palatability good, not facile hydrolysis the feed that accommodates crab each growth period of the novel green health of polluted source is not extremely urgent.
Summary of the invention
Object of the present invention is just to provide a kind of environment-friendly type crab feed and preparation method thereof, to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this:
A kind of environment-friendly type crab feed, it is characterized in that, made by the raw material of following weight portion: dish dregs of rice 23-28, cotton dregs 25-30, Chinese yam 20-25, pumpkin seeds 19-23, oat 17-20, Strong flour 16-19, egg-shell meal 15-18, sheep blood 27-34, air bladder 22-27, broad bean paste 4-6, rock sugar 3-5, sunflower oil 5-8, marine alga 19-24, balsam pear 18-20, hawthorn 14-17, Huang Tao 12-15, lavender 3-5, Verbena officinalis 1-3, pseudo-ginseng 0.7-1.3, phagostimulant 4-7, suitable quantity of water.
Described phagostimulant is made up of following raw materials in part by weight: corn flour 16-19, shrimp shell 17-21, allicin 0.4-0.8, green vegetables fiber 5-8, yeast cell wall powder 12-15, glycine zine 1-2, Mn-Gly 2-3, vitamin A 1.2-3.2, neo dohyfral D3 2.3-4.1, ethoxyquinoline 0.8-2.1, Aspartame 1.1-2.3, tylosin 3-4, ascorbic acid 2.3-5.2, lard 6-9, glycerine 5-7, sepiolite 14-17, Pizza grass 20-25, suitable quantity of water, and its preparation method is that mixed powder is dried and ground to form to corn flour, shrimp shell, Pizza grass; By lard, glycerine heating for dissolving, add while hot ascorbic acid to stir, be cooled to after room temperature and add allicin, green vegetables fiber and yeast cell wall powder to continue to stir 5-8 minute, make slurry; Sepiolite is put into calcining furnace and at 520-570 DEG C, calcine 2-3 hour, take out, the hydrochloric acid solution of putting into 10-13% soaks 4-5 hour, filter and take out, use clear water cyclic washing, dry and pulverize, be added to the water, meanwhile, add tylosin, glycine zine, Mn-Gly to grind, the dry xeraphium that makes of spraying; The mixing that finally mixed powder making, slurry, xeraphium and other residual components added water, grinds granulation and get final product.
The preparation method of described a kind of environment-friendly type crab feed, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) balsam pear, hawthorn, Huang Tao are added to suitable quantity of water and put into cooking machine and break into slurry, then it is ripe rotten to add Chinese yam to be heated to together, smashs into mud to pieces;
(2) lavender, Verbena officinalis, pseudo-ginseng are added water and in water, decoct together 2-3 hour and filter, get its filter residue and dry and grind to form mixed powder together with marine alga;
(3) add rock sugar, air bladder to stir-fry together with broad bean paste sunflower seeds rusting heat, add the middle drug filtrate of step (2) and sheep blood to boil 40-50min, pull air bladder out and dry together with sheep blood, pulverize;
(4) add again the mixed powder of step (2) to stir by pulverizing after the dish dregs of rice, cotton dregs, pumpkin seeds and oat fried dry, then add the meat soup of step (3) to stir and evenly mix pulping;
(5) step (1), (3), (4) reaction mass and other residual components are added water and stirred, through 90-110 DEG C of steaming 40 minutes, cooling, granulation, balling-up particle diameter, at 0.5-2mm, is dried and be get final product.
The chemical classes additive component such as allicin, yeast cell wall powder, glycine zine, Mn-Gly, vitamin A, neo dohyfral D3, ethoxyquinoline, Aspartame, tylosin, ascorbic acid in the present invention, all adopt dosage form to add, do not adopt sterling form to add, addition should meet national Specification.
The present invention has following beneficial effect: the present invention adds Strong flour can increase suppleness and the plasticity of feed, the dish dregs of rice, cotton dregs, pumpkin seeds and cereals nutrient are abundant, contain the essential nutrition such as abundant amino acid, vitamin, dietary fiber, can improve crab functions of intestines and stomach, contribute to improve appetite and the digestion and absorption function of crab; Efficiency of feed utilization of the present invention is good, be of high nutritive value, and containing any additive, reduced the loss of nitrogen and phosphorus in feed, improved cultivation water and prepared simple, with low costly, is suitable for average family and buys.
Detailed description of the invention
Described a kind of environment-friendly type crab feed, it is characterized in that, made by the raw material of following weight portion: the dish dregs of rice 25, cotton dregs 28, Chinese yam 23, pumpkin seeds 19, oat 17, Strong flour 16, egg-shell meal 15, sheep blood 27, air bladder 27, broad bean paste 4, rock sugar 3, sunflower oil 8, marine alga 19, balsam pear 18, hawthorn 14, Huang Tao 12, lavender 3, Verbena officinalis 1, pseudo-ginseng 0.7, phagostimulant 4, suitable quantity of water.
Described phagostimulant is made up of following raw materials in part by weight: corn flour 16, shrimp shell 17, allicin 0.6, green vegetables fiber 5, yeast cell wall powder 14, glycine zine 1, Mn-Gly 2, vitamin A 1.4, neo dohyfral D3 2.3, ethoxyquinoline 0.8, Aspartame 1.1, tylosin 3, ascorbic acid 2.3, lard 8, glycerine 7, sepiolite 14, Pizza grass 22, suitable quantity of water, and its preparation method is that mixed powder is dried and ground to form to corn flour, shrimp shell, Pizza grass; By lard, glycerine heating for dissolving, add while hot ascorbic acid to stir, be cooled to after room temperature and add allicin, green vegetables fiber and yeast cell wall powder to continue to stir 5-8 minute, make slurry; Sepiolite is put into calcining furnace and at 520-570 DEG C, calcine 2-3 hour, take out, the hydrochloric acid solution of putting into 10-13% soaks 4-5 hour, filter and take out, use clear water cyclic washing, dry and pulverize, be added to the water, meanwhile, add tylosin, glycine zine, Mn-Gly to grind, the dry xeraphium that makes of spraying; The mixing that finally mixed powder making, slurry, xeraphium and other residual components added water, grinds granulation and get final product.
Preparation method comprises the following steps:
(1) balsam pear, hawthorn, Huang Tao are added to suitable quantity of water and put into cooking machine and break into slurry, then it is ripe rotten to add Chinese yam to be heated to together, smashs into mud to pieces;
(2) lavender, Verbena officinalis, pseudo-ginseng are added water and in water, decoct together 2-3 hour and filter, get its filter residue and dry and grind to form mixed powder together with marine alga;
(3) add rock sugar, air bladder to stir-fry together with broad bean paste sunflower seeds rusting heat, add the middle drug filtrate of step (2) and sheep blood to boil 40-50min, pull air bladder out and dry together with sheep blood, pulverize;
(4) add again the mixed powder of step (2) to stir by pulverizing after the dish dregs of rice, cotton dregs, pumpkin seeds and oat fried dry, then add the meat soup of step (3) to stir and evenly mix pulping;
(5) step (1), (3), (4) reaction mass and other residual components are added water and stirred, through 90-110 DEG C of steaming 40 minutes, cooling, granulation, balling-up particle diameter, at 0.5-2mm, is dried and be get final product.
In order to further illustrate using value of the present invention, raise family 200 crabs are equally divided into two groups of test group and control groups according to the identical principle of age in days, body weight, health status by crab, separately feed, test group is fed crab feed of the present invention, control group is fed traditional crab feed, experimental period is 90 days, and compared with control group, the every technical parameter index of test group is as follows:
Weight average growth rate after (1) 90 day: 193%;
(2) sick rate reduces by 13.1%;
(3) water float thing is only 0.06%.

Claims (2)

1. an environment-friendly type crab feed, it is characterized in that, made by the raw material of following weight portion: dish dregs of rice 23-28, cotton dregs 25-30, Chinese yam 20-25, pumpkin seeds 19-23, oat 17-20, Strong flour 16-19, egg-shell meal 15-18, sheep blood 27-34, air bladder 22-27, broad bean paste 4-6, rock sugar 3-5, sunflower oil 5-8, marine alga 19-24, balsam pear 18-20, hawthorn 14-17, Huang Tao 12-15, lavender 3-5, Verbena officinalis 1-3, pseudo-ginseng 0.7-1.3, phagostimulant 4-7, suitable quantity of water; Described phagostimulant is made up of following raw materials in part by weight: corn flour 16-19, shrimp shell 17-21, allicin 0.4-0.8, green vegetables fiber 5-8, yeast cell wall powder 12-15, glycine zine 1-2, Mn-Gly 2-3, vitamin A 1.2-3.2, neo dohyfral D3 2.3-4.1, ethoxyquinoline 0.8-2.1, Aspartame 1.1-2.3, tylosin 3-4, ascorbic acid 2.3-5.2, lard 6-9, glycerine 5-7, sepiolite 14-17, Pizza grass 20-25, suitable quantity of water, and its preparation method is that mixed powder is dried and ground to form to corn flour, shrimp shell, Pizza grass; By lard, glycerine heating for dissolving, add while hot ascorbic acid to stir, be cooled to after room temperature and add allicin, green vegetables fiber and yeast cell wall powder to continue to stir 5-8 minute, make slurry; Sepiolite is put into calcining furnace and at 520-570 DEG C, calcine 2-3 hour, take out, the hydrochloric acid solution of putting into 10-13% soaks 4-5 hour, filter and take out, use clear water cyclic washing, dry and pulverize, be added to the water, meanwhile, add tylosin, glycine zine, Mn-Gly to grind, the dry xeraphium that makes of spraying; The mixing that finally mixed powder making, slurry, xeraphium and other residual components added water, grinds granulation and get final product.
2. the preparation method of a kind of environment-friendly type crab feed according to claim 1, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) balsam pear, hawthorn, Huang Tao are added to suitable quantity of water and put into cooking machine and break into slurry, then it is ripe rotten to add Chinese yam to be heated to together, smashs into mud to pieces;
(2) lavender, Verbena officinalis, pseudo-ginseng are added water and in water, decoct together 2-3 hour and filter, get its filter residue and dry and grind to form mixed powder together with marine alga;
(3) add rock sugar, air bladder to stir-fry together with broad bean paste sunflower seeds rusting heat, add the middle drug filtrate of step (2) and sheep blood to boil 40-50min, pull air bladder out and dry together with sheep blood, pulverize;
(4) add again the mixed powder of step (2) to stir by pulverizing after the dish dregs of rice, cotton dregs, pumpkin seeds and oat fried dry, then add the meat soup of step (3) to stir and evenly mix pulping;
(5) step (1), (3), (4) reaction mass and other residual components are added water and stirred, through 90-110 DEG C of steaming 40 minutes, cooling, granulation, balling-up particle diameter, at 0.5-2mm, is dried and be get final product.
CN201410140210.0A 2014-04-10 2014-04-10 A kind of environment-friendly type crab feed and preparation method thereof Active CN103960503B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410140210.0A CN103960503B (en) 2014-04-10 2014-04-10 A kind of environment-friendly type crab feed and preparation method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410140210.0A CN103960503B (en) 2014-04-10 2014-04-10 A kind of environment-friendly type crab feed and preparation method thereof

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103960503A true CN103960503A (en) 2014-08-06
CN103960503B CN103960503B (en) 2016-03-09

Family

ID=51230915

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410140210.0A Active CN103960503B (en) 2014-04-10 2014-04-10 A kind of environment-friendly type crab feed and preparation method thereof

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103960503B (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105285495A (en) * 2015-10-22 2016-02-03 安徽孔津湖农业开发有限公司 Grown river crab feed
CN105380007A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-03-09 全椒县天润生态养殖专业合作社 Aquatic feed capable of promoting growth of river crab
CN105519793A (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-04-27 江苏板桥饲料股份有限公司 Crab feed and preparation method thereof
CN105533262A (en) * 2015-12-16 2016-05-04 苏州蟹家族生态农业有限公司 High-quality crab feed and preparation method thereof
CN105533258A (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-05-04 江苏板桥饲料股份有限公司 Crab feed and preparation method thereof
CN105558413A (en) * 2015-12-16 2016-05-11 苏州蟹家族生态农业有限公司 Crab feed and preparation method thereof

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1403010A (en) * 2002-10-11 2003-03-19 中国科学院水生生物研究所 Formula and compounding process of adult river crab feed
CN101366459A (en) * 2008-09-03 2009-02-18 上海三智生物科技有限公司 Environment-friendly river crab premix
CN103518652A (en) * 2013-08-18 2014-01-22 何执中 Application of Chinese herbal medicine formula in crab and shrimp breeding

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1403010A (en) * 2002-10-11 2003-03-19 中国科学院水生生物研究所 Formula and compounding process of adult river crab feed
CN101366459A (en) * 2008-09-03 2009-02-18 上海三智生物科技有限公司 Environment-friendly river crab premix
CN103518652A (en) * 2013-08-18 2014-01-22 何执中 Application of Chinese herbal medicine formula in crab and shrimp breeding

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
喻麟: "《实用饲料调味剂学》", 31 December 2012, 中国农业出版社 *
曾庆 等: "《无公害水产养殖关键技术》", 31 January 2004, 四川科学技术出版社 *

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105285495A (en) * 2015-10-22 2016-02-03 安徽孔津湖农业开发有限公司 Grown river crab feed
CN105380007A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-03-09 全椒县天润生态养殖专业合作社 Aquatic feed capable of promoting growth of river crab
CN105519793A (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-04-27 江苏板桥饲料股份有限公司 Crab feed and preparation method thereof
CN105533258A (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-05-04 江苏板桥饲料股份有限公司 Crab feed and preparation method thereof
CN105533262A (en) * 2015-12-16 2016-05-04 苏州蟹家族生态农业有限公司 High-quality crab feed and preparation method thereof
CN105558413A (en) * 2015-12-16 2016-05-11 苏州蟹家族生态农业有限公司 Crab feed and preparation method thereof

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN103960503B (en) 2016-03-09

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103461718B (en) Antiviral crucian feed and preparation method thereof
CN103960503B (en) A kind of environment-friendly type crab feed and preparation method thereof
CN103494027B (en) A kind of meat chicken feed of growth promoting effects
CN104304669A (en) Fermentation high-quality beef fattening feed and manufacture method thereof
CN104171303A (en) Seaweed/okra composite crucian feed and manufacturing method thereof
CN103976157A (en) Crab feed capable of strengthening stomach and helping digestion and manufacturing method thereof
CN103976138A (en) Ox liver/leech composite crab feed and manufacturing method thereof
CN103960470B (en) A kind of spirulina crab feed and preparation method thereof
CN103960487A (en) Crab fodder capable of resisting virus and preparation method thereof
CN103960505A (en) Feed for artificially feeding crabs in large scale and production method thereof
CN103960512B (en) A kind of blueberry taste crab feed and preparation method thereof
CN103960502B (en) A kind of crab feed with water purification function and preparation method thereof
CN103960500B (en) Crab feed of a kind of chicken gizzard/Shrimps compound and preparation method thereof
CN103960510B (en) A kind of have stomach invigorating and to disappear the crab feed and preparation method thereof of splenic function
CN103960509B (en) A kind of aid digestion absorption crab feed and preparation method thereof
CN104799074A (en) Snakehead formula feed and preparation method thereof
CN104171378A (en) Black tea flavored crucian carp fodder and making method thereof
CN103960508B (en) A kind of Salvia japonica crab feed and preparation method thereof
CN103960495B (en) A kind of silkworm chrysalis high protein crab feed and preparation method thereof
CN103960499A (en) Housefly larvae-chicken manure compound crab feed and preparation method thereof
CN103960501A (en) Vinegar residue crab feed and preparation method thereof
CN103960517A (en) Ass meat/saltwater fish composite crab feed and preparation method thereof
CN103960514A (en) Livestock and poultry slaughter leftover fodder for crabs and preparation method of fodder
CN103976160B (en) A kind of streaky pork crab feed and preparation method thereof
CN104171379A (en) Chinese sauerkraut/comfrey combined crucian fodder and manufacturing method thereof

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
TA01 Transfer of patent application right

Effective date of registration: 20160204

Address after: 241200 Anhui city of Wuhu province Fanchang County Economic and Technological Development Zone Beisi entrepreneurial Science Park

Applicant after: WUHU RUNLAN BIOTECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

Address before: 243100 Anhui city of Ma'anshan province Dangtu County Tang Nan Zhen Nan Wei

Applicant before: Sun Caihai

C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CB03 Change of inventor or designer information
TR01 Transfer of patent right
CB03 Change of inventor or designer information

Inventor after: Zhao Xiao

Inventor after: Zhu Lin

Inventor before: Sun Caihai

TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20171024

Address after: 201500 Shanghai Jinshan District 6988 Town Gallery Road No.

Patentee after: Shanghai Harmony Feed Co., Ltd.

Address before: 241200 Anhui city of Wuhu province Fanchang County Economic and Technological Development Zone Beisi entrepreneurial Science Park

Patentee before: WUHU RUNLAN BIOTECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.