CN103960488B - Crab feed of a kind of cicada/oyster compound and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Crab feed of a kind of cicada/oyster compound and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103960488B
CN103960488B CN201410140166.3A CN201410140166A CN103960488B CN 103960488 B CN103960488 B CN 103960488B CN 201410140166 A CN201410140166 A CN 201410140166A CN 103960488 B CN103960488 B CN 103960488B
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China
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cicada
water
oyster
crab
oil
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CN201410140166.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103960488A (en
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孙才海
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孙才海
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Abstract

The invention discloses the crab feed of a kind of cicada/oyster compound, it is characterized in that, be made up of the raw material of following weight portion: wheat bran 25-30, rice bran 23-28, sodium sorbate 0.4-0.8, threonine 1-3, salt 2-4, the sweet 0.2-0.6 of knob, tricalcium phosphate 1-3, anistree 2-4, fish-bone 18-25, cicada 26-34, oyster 13-16, mustard oil 0.1-0.4, linseed oil 2-5, caraway 15-18, Chinese cabbage 19-24, lilac 12-15, potato 16-23, cucurbit shell 19-26, Chinese bulbul 0.2-0.4, coptis 0.1-0.3, folium panacis japonici cum caule 0.4-0.6, phagostimulant 3-6, suitable quantity of water, feed of the present invention adds cicada, oyster, and protein content is high, can increase crab getting fat speed, add disease resistance and appetite that the Chinese herbal medicines such as the Chinese bulbul, the coptis, folium panacis japonici cum caule can improve crab, absorb fast, crab meat is comparable wild more solid, and long-term edible feed of the present invention can improve the cultivation survival rate of crab.

Description

Crab feed of a kind of cicada/oyster compound and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of fodder, be specifically related to crab feed of a kind of cicada/oyster compound and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
The food variety of crab is various, small fish and shrimp is their favorite, but some crab eats marine alga, connect even spoil or plant can eat, they spend with the most of the time at search of food, not particular about food, as long as the food that can chew can be eaten, this exactly also have impact on the fresh and tender of crab meat and taste.In addition the small fish that the many employings of animal fodder of a lot of crab are fresh or freezing in the market and fish meal are primary raw material, exist and destroy the shortcoming such as the stock of fish and easy polluted source, these feeds easily become pasty state in water, do not meet the eating habit that crab likes molded food product; In addition, existing crab feed kind is single, and trophic structure is uneven, the easy shortcoming such as putrid and deteriorated.So find that a kind of trophic structure is balanced, palatability is good, the feed accommodating crab each growth period of the facile hydrolysis not novel green health of polluted source be not extremely urgent.
Summary of the invention
Object of the present invention is just to provide crab feed of a kind of cicada/oyster compound and preparation method thereof, to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this:
The crab feed of a kind of cicada/oyster compound, it is characterized in that, be made up of the raw material of following weight portion: wheat bran 25-30, rice bran 23-28, sodium sorbate 0.4-0.8, threonine 1-3, salt 2-4, the sweet 0.2-0.6 of knob, tricalcium phosphate 1-3, anistree 2-4, fish-bone 18-25, cicada 26-34, oyster 13-16, mustard oil 0.1-0.4, linseed oil 2-5, caraway 15-18, Chinese cabbage 19-24, lilac 12-15, potato 16-23, cucurbit shell 19-26, Chinese bulbul 0.2-0.4, coptis 0.1-0.3, folium panacis japonici cum caule 0.4-0.6, phagostimulant 3-6, suitable quantity of water.
Described phagostimulant is made up of following raw materials in part by weight: sea cucumber 9-11, inkfish 12-15, brown rice 18-21, oat 19-24, dimethyl-β-DMPT 0.3-0.6, betaine 2-4, KI 1-3, bodinier beautyberry seed 8-10, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 1.3-2.4, lysine 0.4-0.9, oil tea oil 2.1-4.3, ethoxyquinoline 0.5-0.9, Catergen-4, zeolite 11-15, suitable quantity of water, and its preparation method is dried and grind to form seafood powder at sea cucumber, inkfish; Brown rice, oat, bodinier beautyberry seed, oil tea oil together fried dry are ground to form coarse cereal powder; Zeolite is put into calcining furnace and calcine 2-3 hour at 510-570 DEG C, take out, the hydrochloric acid solution putting into 10-13% soaks 4-5 hour, filter and take out, use clear water cyclic washing, dry and pulverize, be added to the water, meanwhile, add dimethyl-β-DMPT, betaine, KI grinding, spraying dry obtains xeraphium; Finally add water obtained seafood powder, coarse cereal powder, xeraphium and other residual components mixing, grinds granulation and get final product.
Described cicada belongs to cicada, and nutriment enriches, and butt protein content is more than 70%, and fat about 7%, vitamin and various healthy trace elements with household are all higher than general meat product.
The described Chinese bulbul is ranunculaceae plant, perennial herb, has anti-Amoeba, anti-virus sterilizing effect, and to pyrotoxic dysentery disease, cool blood, also has good curative effect.
The preparation method of the crab feed of described a kind of cicada/oyster compound, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) caraway, Chinese cabbage, lilac are added suitable quantity of water to put into cooking machine and break into slurry, then add potato and be heated to ripe rotten together, smash into mud to pieces;
(2) Chinese bulbul, the coptis, folium panacis japonici cum caule are added water and in water, decoct 1-2 hour and filter, get its filter residue fried dry grind to form mixed powder together with rice bran;
(3) flaxseed rusting heat is added fish-bone, cicada, oyster, anise stir-fry, the middle drug filtrate adding step (2) after adding mustard oil, salt seasoning boils 40-50min, filter out fish-bone, cicada, oyster, anistree oven dry, the meat soup of pulverizing after adding filtration again stirs and evenly mixs pulping;
(4) step (1), (2), (3) reaction mass and other residual components are added water and stir, steam 40 minutes through 90-110 DEG C, cooling, granulation, balling-up particle diameter, at 0.5-2mm, is dried and be get final product.
The chemical classes additive component such as dimethyl-β-DMPT, betaine, KI, lysine, ethoxyquinoline, vitamin C in the present invention, dosage form is all adopted to add, do not adopt neat form to add, each composition addition should meet national Specification.Bodinier beautyberry seed is the seed of Verbenaceae bodinier beautyberry.
The present invention has following beneficial effect: compared with prior art, and feed of the present invention is easy and simple to handle, and component is reasonable, comprehensive nutrition and enriching; Feed of the present invention adds cicada, oyster, and protein content is high, can increase crab getting fat speed; Add disease resistance and appetite that the Chinese herbal medicines such as the Chinese bulbul, the coptis, folium panacis japonici cum caule can improve crab, absorb fast, crab meat is comparable wild more solid, and long-term edible feed of the present invention can improve the cultivation survival rate of crab.
Detailed description of the invention
The crab feed of described a kind of cicada/oyster compound, it is characterized in that, be made up of the raw material of following weight portion: wheat bran 27, rice bran 26, sodium sorbate 0.4, threonine 1, salt 4, knob are sweet 0.2, tricalcium phosphate 1, anistree 2, fish-bone 18, cicada 26, oyster 13, mustard oil 0.1, linseed oil 2, caraway 15, Chinese cabbage 19, lilac 12, potato 16, cucurbit shell 19, the Chinese bulbul 0.2, the coptis 0.1, folium panacis japonici cum caule 0.4, phagostimulant 3, suitable quantity of water.
Described phagostimulant is made up of following raw materials in part by weight: sea cucumber 9, inkfish 14, brown rice 19, oat 24, dimethyl-β-DMPT 0.3, betaine 2, KI 3, bodinier beautyberry seed 8, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 1.3, lysine 0.4, oil tea oil 2.6, ethoxyquinoline 0.5, Catergen, zeolite 15, suitable quantity of water, and its preparation method is dried and grind to form seafood powder at sea cucumber, inkfish; Brown rice, oat, bodinier beautyberry seed, oil tea oil together fried dry are ground to form coarse cereal powder; Zeolite is put into calcining furnace and calcine 2-3 hour at 510-570 DEG C, take out, the hydrochloric acid solution putting into 10-13% soaks 4-5 hour, filter and take out, use clear water cyclic washing, dry and pulverize, be added to the water, meanwhile, add dimethyl-β-DMPT, betaine, KI grinding, spraying dry obtains xeraphium; Finally add water obtained seafood powder, coarse cereal powder, xeraphium and other residual components mixing, grinds granulation and get final product.
Preparation method comprises the following steps:
(1) caraway, Chinese cabbage, lilac are added suitable quantity of water to put into cooking machine and break into slurry, then add potato and be heated to ripe rotten together, smash into mud to pieces;
(2) Chinese bulbul, the coptis, folium panacis japonici cum caule are added water and in water, decoct 1-2 hour and filter, get its filter residue fried dry grind to form mixed powder together with rice bran;
(3) flaxseed rusting heat is added fish-bone, cicada, oyster, anise stir-fry, the middle drug filtrate adding step (2) after adding mustard oil, salt seasoning boils 40-50min, filter out fish-bone, cicada, oyster, anistree oven dry, the meat soup of pulverizing after adding filtration again stirs and evenly mixs pulping;
(4) step (1), (2), (3) reaction mass and other residual components are added water and stir, steam 40 minutes through 90-110 DEG C, cooling, granulation, balling-up particle diameter, at 0.5-2mm, is dried and be get final product.
In order to further illustrate using value of the present invention, raise family and crab is equally divided into test group and control group two groups according to age in days, body weight, principle that health status is identical by 200 crabs, separately feed, test group feeds crab feed of the present invention, control group feeds traditional crab feed, experimental period is 90 days, and compared with control group, test group every technical parameter index is as follows:
Weight average growth rate after (1) 90 day: 212%;
(2) sick rate reduces by 12.4%;
(3) water float thing is only 0.06%;
(4) meat consolidation, shell is firmly crisp, and shell color and luster green grass or young crops is bright.

Claims (1)

1. the crab feed of cicada/oyster compound, it is characterized in that, be made up of the raw material of following weight portion: wheat bran 25-30, rice bran 23-28, sodium sorbate 0.4-0.8, threonine 1-3, salt 2-4, the sweet 0.2-0.6 of knob, tricalcium phosphate 1-3, anistree 2-4, fish-bone 18-25, cicada 26-34, oyster 13-16, mustard oil 0.1-0.4, linseed oil 2-5, caraway 15-18, Chinese cabbage 19-24, lilac 12-15, potato 16-23, cucurbit shell 19-26, Chinese bulbul 0.2-0.4, coptis 0.1-0.3, folium panacis japonici cum caule 0.4-0.6, phagostimulant 3-6, suitable quantity of water;
Described phagostimulant is made up of following raw materials in part by weight: sea cucumber 9-11, inkfish 12-15, brown rice 18-21, oat 19-24, dimethyl-β-DMPT 0.3-0.6, betaine 2-4, KI 1-3, bodinier beautyberry seed 8-10, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 1.3-2.4, lysine 0.4-0.9, oil tea oil 2.1-4.3, ethoxyquinoline 0.5-0.9, Catergen-4, zeolite 11-15, suitable quantity of water
Sea cucumber, inkfish are dried and grind to form seafood powder by the preparation method of this phagostimulant; Brown rice, oat, bodinier beautyberry seed, oil tea oil together fried dry are ground to form coarse cereal powder; Zeolite is put into calcining furnace and calcine 2-3 hour at 510-570 DEG C, take out, the hydrochloric acid solution putting into 10-13% soaks 4-5 hour, filter and take out, use clear water cyclic washing, dry and pulverize, be added to the water, meanwhile, add dimethyl-β-DMPT, betaine, KI grinding, spraying dry obtains xeraphium; Finally add water obtained seafood powder, coarse cereal powder, xeraphium and other residual components mixing, grinds granulation and get final product;
The preparation method of the crab feed of described cicada/oyster compound, comprises the following steps:
(1) caraway, Chinese cabbage, lilac are added suitable quantity of water to put into cooking machine and break into slurry, then add potato and be heated to ripe rotten together, smash into mud to pieces;
(2) Chinese bulbul, the coptis, folium panacis japonici cum caule are added water and in water, decoct 1-2 hour and filter, get its filter residue fried dry grind to form mixed powder together with rice bran;
(3) flaxseed rusting heat is added fish-bone, cicada, oyster, anise stir-fry, the middle drug filtrate adding step (2) after adding mustard oil, salt seasoning boils 40-50min, filter out fish-bone, cicada, oyster, anistree oven dry, the meat soup of pulverizing after adding filtration again stirs and evenly mixs pulping;
(4) step (1), (2), (3) reaction mass and other residual components are added water and stir, steam 40 minutes through 90-110 DEG C, cooling, granulation, balling-up particle diameter, at 0.5-2mm, is dried and be get final product.
CN201410140166.3A 2014-04-10 2014-04-10 Crab feed of a kind of cicada/oyster compound and preparation method thereof CN103960488B (en)

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CN105851709A (en) * 2016-05-23 2016-08-17 合肥栖龙阁生态农业有限公司 Crab feed

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CN100394863C (en) * 2006-03-17 2008-06-18 淮安市康达饲料有限公司 Chinese crab mixed batching feed
CN1951182A (en) * 2006-11-28 2007-04-25 厦门大学 Organic blue crab breeding method
CN103082151B (en) * 2013-02-04 2014-05-28 上海农好饲料有限公司 Portunus trituberculatus non-fish-meal compound feed and its preparation method
CN103404454B (en) * 2013-07-23 2015-02-11 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Method for raising river crabs by using multi-element fodder
CN103504127A (en) * 2013-09-03 2014-01-15 陈秀苓 Adult crab feed

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