CN103960005A - Planting method for organic tomatoes - Google Patents

Planting method for organic tomatoes Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103960005A
CN103960005A CN201310040779.5A CN201310040779A CN103960005A CN 103960005 A CN103960005 A CN 103960005A CN 201310040779 A CN201310040779 A CN 201310040779A CN 103960005 A CN103960005 A CN 103960005A
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China
Prior art keywords
planting
fertilizer
furrow
soil
sowing
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Pending
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CN201310040779.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
肖洪林
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Tianjin Flying Dragon Paddy Eco Science Technology Co Ltd
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Tianjin Flying Dragon Paddy Eco Science Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201310040779.5A priority Critical patent/CN103960005A/en
Publication of CN103960005A publication Critical patent/CN103960005A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention relates to a planting method for organic tomatoes. The planting method comprises the following steps of seedling, cultivating, sowing, planting, water management and pest control, pruning and harvesting. According to the planting method, soil is selected strictly according to the requirements during sowing; base fertilizer containing organic fertilizer is applied first, so that the growth of tomato seedlings is facilitated. The planting method is simple and wide in applicability; nutrition balanced application and absorption of the tomatoes can be improved to a greater degree and the thriving of the tomato seedlings is facilitated, and thus the water contents of fruits of the fruited tomatoes is increased.

Description

A kind of implantation methods of Organic tomato
Technical field
The invention belongs to arviculture field, relate to tomato planting method, especially a kind of implantation methods of Organic tomato.
Background technology
Pass on from one to another the native place of tomato in Peru and Mexico, former a kind of wild acinus being grown in forest before this.Locals is used as it as poisonous fruit, is referred to as " wolf peach ", is only used for viewing and admiring no one ventured food.Local legend wolf peach is poisonous, has eaten wolf peach and will play the long tumor of pimple.Although scarlet wish is dripped when it is ripe, haw is joined greenery, very beautiful tempting.But as the delicate and charming mushroom of color and luster has severe toxicity, people still keep someone at a respectful distance to it, someone did not dare to be able to eat flatly, just it was treated as a kind of ornamental plants.
And current, tomato is as a kind of vegetables, proved to have contained multivitamin and nutrient component by scientist, as tomato contains abundant vitamin C and A and folic acid, these main nutritive elements of potassium.Particularly its contained Lycopene, more helpful to the health of human body, and some fruit only contain a small amount of Lycopene as watermelon, shaddock, apricot.But along with scientific and technological progress, tomato planting method kind is day by day abundant, chemosynthesis fertilizer urges out large and red tomato of common occurrence especially in a short time, especially use the appearance of transgene tomato, providing the while easily also human inheritance to be exerted a certain influence for the mankind, and this tomato often declines to some extent on nutritive value, and mostly all note its fruit individuality, pulp moisture content is few, and glossiness declines, and appearance is poor.
By retrieval, found one section of patent documentation relevant to present patent application content, the Chinese patent that publication number is 101779572A provides a kind of tomato planting pruning method, comprises three steps: the one, before Honoka at the bottom of tomato is open, allow tomato plant free growth, it is not pruned; The 2nd, in the time that Honoka at the bottom of tomato is open, to side shoot pinching, cut short or turn round branch; The 3rd, in the time that fringe fruit is expanded to diameter 3cm left and right at the bottom of tomato, smear again wooden fork, remove whole side shoots.By smearing wooden fork early stage evening, make tomato make full use of sunlight, promote the growth of early stage root system, be beneficial to the nutrient accumulation of the whole breeding time of tomato, promote to change the nutrient distribution of tomato at crucial moment, solved for a long time the little problem of end fringe fruit in tomato production, the present invention simultaneously also contributes to solve tomato early ageing problem, and lays a good foundation for tomato high yield.
By analysis, the disclosed technology contents of above patent application and present patent application have relatively big difference.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art part, provide a kind of and be convenient to cultivation and management, nutritious, moisture content is sufficient and be suitable for the implantation methods of the Organic tomato that northern China peasant applies.
The present invention solves its technical problem and takes following technical scheme to realize:
An implantation methods for Organic tomato, the steps include:
(1) grow seedlings: after planting temperature remains on 20 ~ 23 DEG C, and relative moisture remains on 60 ~ 70%, after vernalization 3 ~ 5d, be placed on moisturizing on seedling bed, keep matrix wetting, after 2d, sprout, grow seedlings with booth cover hut if meet winter, get final product safe overwintering;
(2) cultivation:
A. planting environment screening: soil index is: more than content of organic matter 15g/Kg, more than alkali-hydrolyzable nitrogen content 50mg/Kg, more than available phosphorus contents 32mg/Kg, more than quick-acting potassium content 90mg/Kg, pH6 ~ 7, soil total salt content is not higher than 0.2%;
B. basal dressing: select fertile soil, irrigation and drainage are convenient, and the sandy loam soil of ventilating good uses sufficient base manure, and every mu applies the fertilizer 3000 ~ 4000kg fully becoming thoroughly decomposed, nitrogenous fertilizer 5 ~ 6kg, phosphate fertilizer 6 ~ 7kg, potash fertilizer 5 ~ 6 kg;
C. wholely: do furrow, soil is ploughed rear rake and carefully flattened, furrow are wide 1.3 meters, and furrow are apart from 30 ~ 36cm;
(3) sowing
A. the sowing time is selected: sowing between annual October 20 ~ 25, and daily mean temperature is stabilized in 20 ~ 22 DEG C;
B. thickness of sowing: line-spacing is 55 ~ 75cm, spacing in the rows is 25 ~ 30cm, single cave individual plant;
C. type of seeding: water furrow planting, first, at cultivating bed one side trench digging, dark 4 ~ 5cm, sows by spacing in the rows; Row is opened Article 2 ditch again, with ditch soil covering Article 1 ditch, sequentially carries out; The shallow furrow face of stepping on of raking after having dialled, waters;
(4) field planting:
A. field planting selection of time: late Febuary in next year;
B. field planting method: when height of seedling 20cm the left and right, every furrow field planting 2 row, spacing in the rows 35 ~ 40cm;
(5) water management and the extermination of disease and insect pest:
Water management and the extermination of disease and insect pest: note prevention against water-logging seedling stage, the middle and later periods is noted anti-arid, dispenser insect protected in good time; The every mu of pendimethalin missible oil that is 33% with 150ml content.
(6) training:
Built training: in the time of height of seedling 20cm, just timely built is tied up climing, frame material bamboo pole, the high 1m of frame, herringbone frame, ties up climing degree of tightness and wants appropriateness, indeterminate growth type kind generally adopts single stalk training, in the whole process of growth of plant, only stay 1 major branch, other all side shoots are all plucked in time, self sealing top type or intermediate form kind be suitable pair of stalk training, except staying major branch, then stay a side shoot under the first inflorescence, all the other side shoots are all plucked; Gather.
And described seedling raise period is winter, adopt booth cover hut to grow seedlings.
And, step (2) described in fertilizer be the mixture of chicken manure, pig manure and wheat bran, its weight ratio is 1:3:2, its preparation method is above-mentioned each component to be put into fermenting tank for fermentation and within 20 ~ 25 days, obtain described fertilizer.
And, before described sowing, can adopt phoxim or 2000 ~ 3000 times of Rogor solution seed dressings.
And, while gathering, redly or completely red at fruit half way around pluck when ripe.
Advantage of the present invention and good effect are:
1, this implantation methods is being sowed in strict accordance with requiring to select soil, and first discharge the base manure that contains fertilizer, contribute to the growth of tomato seedling, method is simple, applicability is wide, the equilibrium that can promote largely nutrition is used and the absorption of tomato, is conducive to growing up strong and sturdy of tomato seedling, thereby promotes fruit water content after tomato result.
2, the fertilizer that this implantation methods adopts is the optimum ratio repeatedly drawing by test of many times, use after this fertilizer, the every strain pulp of tomato weight is used the pulp weight of other common fertilizers to improve 20%, and moisture content abundance, fruit grain is sparkling and crystal-clear bright, there is good appearance, thereby improved the producer's income.
Embodiment
Below by specific embodiment, the invention will be further described, and following examples are descriptive, is not determinate, can not limit protection scope of the present invention with this.
An implantation methods for Organic tomato, the steps include:
(1) grow seedlings: after planting temperature remains on 20 ~ 23 DEG C, and relative moisture remains on 60 ~ 70%, after vernalization 3 ~ 5d, be placed on moisturizing on seedling bed, keep matrix wetting, after 2d, sprout, grow seedlings with booth cover hut if meet winter, get final product safe overwintering;
(2) cultivation:
A. planting environment screening: soil index is: more than content of organic matter 15g/Kg, more than alkali-hydrolyzable nitrogen content 50mg/Kg, more than available phosphorus contents 32mg/Kg, more than quick-acting potassium content 90mg/Kg, pH6 ~ 7, soil total salt content is not higher than 0.2%;
B. basal dressing: select fertile soil, irrigation and drainage are convenient, the good sandy loam soil of ventilating uses sufficient base manure, every mu applies the fertilizer 3000 ~ 4000kg fully becoming thoroughly decomposed, fertilizer is the mixture of chicken manure, pig manure and wheat bran, and its weight ratio is chicken manure, pig manure and wheat bran=1:3:2, nitrogenous fertilizer 5 ~ 6kg, phosphate fertilizer 6 ~ 7kg, potash fertilizer 5 ~ 6 kg;
C. wholely: do furrow, soil is ploughed rear rake and carefully flattened, furrow are wide 1.3 meters, and furrow are apart from 30 ~ 36cm;
(3) sowing
A. the sowing time is selected: sowing between annual October 20 ~ 25, and daily mean temperature is stabilized in 20 ~ 22 DEG C;
B. thickness of sowing: line-spacing is 55 ~ 75cm, spacing in the rows is 25 ~ 30cm, single cave individual plant;
C. type of seeding: water furrow planting, first, at cultivating bed one side trench digging, dark 4 ~ 5cm, sows by spacing in the rows; Row is opened Article 2 ditch again, with ditch soil covering Article 1 ditch, sequentially carries out; The shallow furrow face of stepping on of raking after having dialled, waters;
(4) field planting:
Field planting selection of time: late Febuary in next year
Field planting method: when height of seedling 20cm the left and right, every furrow field planting 2 row, spacing in the rows 35 ~ 40cm;
(5) water management and the extermination of disease and insect pest:
Water management and the extermination of disease and insect pest: note prevention against water-logging seedling stage, the middle and later periods is noted anti-arid, dispenser insect protected in good time; The every mu of pendimethalin missible oil that is 33% with 150ml content.
(6) training:
Built training: in the time of height of seedling 20cm, just timely built is tied up climing, frame material bamboo pole, the high 1m of frame, herringbone frame, ties up climing degree of tightness and wants appropriateness, indeterminate growth type kind generally adopts single stalk training, in the whole process of growth of plant, only stay 1 major branch, other all side shoots are all plucked in time, self sealing top type or intermediate form kind be suitable pair of stalk training, except staying major branch, then stay a side shoot under the first inflorescence, all the other side shoots are all plucked;
(7) gather: turn red or completely red at fruit 2/3 and pluck when ripe; Long distance transportation is sold and should suitably early be adopted, and turns when white or 1/3 fruit turns red and gathers at fruit.
Comparative example:
Production stage, with embodiment 1, is only cancelled the use of fertilizer.
After harvesting, the fruit of average every strain that embodiment 1 and comparative example are produced respectively compares.

Claims (5)

1. an implantation methods for Organic tomato, is characterized in that: the steps include:
(1) grow seedlings: after planting temperature remains on 20 ~ 23 DEG C, and relative moisture remains on 60 ~ 70%, after vernalization 3 ~ 5d, be placed on moisturizing on seedling bed, keep matrix wetting, after 2d, sprout, grow seedlings with booth cover hut if meet winter, get final product safe overwintering;
(2) cultivation:
A. planting environment screening: soil index is: more than content of organic matter 15g/Kg, more than alkali-hydrolyzable nitrogen content 50mg/Kg, more than available phosphorus contents 32mg/Kg, more than quick-acting potassium content 90mg/Kg, pH6 ~ 7, soil total salt content is not higher than 0.2%;
B. basal dressing: select fertile soil, irrigation and drainage are convenient, and the sandy loam soil of ventilating good uses sufficient base manure, and every mu applies the fertilizer 3000 ~ 4000kg fully becoming thoroughly decomposed, nitrogenous fertilizer 5 ~ 6kg, phosphate fertilizer 6 ~ 7kg, potash fertilizer 5 ~ 6 kg;
C. wholely: do furrow, soil is ploughed rear rake and carefully flattened, furrow are wide 1.3 meters, and furrow are apart from 30 ~ 36cm;
(3) sowing
A. the sowing time is selected: sowing between annual October 20 ~ 25, and daily mean temperature is stabilized in 20 ~ 22 DEG C;
B. thickness of sowing: line-spacing is 55 ~ 75cm, spacing in the rows is 25 ~ 30cm, single cave individual plant;
C. type of seeding: water furrow planting, first, at cultivating bed one side trench digging, dark 4 ~ 5cm, sows by spacing in the rows; Row is opened Article 2 ditch again, with ditch soil covering Article 1 ditch, sequentially carries out; The shallow furrow face of stepping on of raking after having dialled, waters;
(4) field planting:
A. field planting selection of time: late Febuary in next year;
B. field planting method: when height of seedling 20cm the left and right, every furrow field planting 2 row, spacing in the rows 35 ~ 40cm;
(5) water management and the extermination of disease and insect pest:
Water management and the extermination of disease and insect pest: note prevention against water-logging seedling stage, the middle and later periods is noted anti-arid, dispenser insect protected in good time; The every mu of pendimethalin missible oil that is 33% with 150ml content;
(6) training:
Built training: in the time of height of seedling 20cm, just timely built is tied up climing, frame material bamboo pole, the high 1m of frame, herringbone frame, ties up climing degree of tightness and wants appropriateness, indeterminate growth type kind generally adopts single stalk training, in the whole process of growth of plant, only stay 1 major branch, other all side shoots are all plucked in time, self sealing top type or intermediate form kind be suitable pair of stalk training, except staying major branch, then stay a side shoot under the first inflorescence, all the other side shoots are all plucked; Gather.
2. the implantation methods of Organic tomato according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described seedling raise period is winter, adopts booth cover hut to grow seedlings.
3. the implantation methods of Organic tomato according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: step (2) described in fertilizer be the mixture of chicken manure, pig manure and wheat bran, its weight ratio is 1:3:2, and its preparation method is above-mentioned each component to be put into fermenting tank for fermentation and within 20 ~ 25 days, obtain described fertilizer.
4. the implantation methods of Organic tomato according to claim 1, is characterized in that: before described sowing, can adopt phoxim or 2000 ~ 3000 times of Rogor solution seed dressings.
5. the implantation methods of Organic tomato according to claim 1, is characterized in that: redly or completely red at fruit half way around while gathering pluck when ripe.
CN201310040779.5A 2013-02-02 2013-02-02 Planting method for organic tomatoes Pending CN103960005A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104145697A (en) * 2014-08-28 2014-11-19 太仓市丰缘农场专业合作社 Planting method of seedless tomatoes
CN105104134A (en) * 2015-08-17 2015-12-02 太仓市雅丰农场专业合作社 Planting method of soilless tomatoes
CN105393687A (en) * 2015-11-18 2016-03-16 铜陵三泉现代农业开发有限公司 Method for applying base fertilizer in tomato planting process
CN105766308A (en) * 2016-03-15 2016-07-20 成都繁尚农业有限公司 Method for high yield of organic tomatoes
CN107409694A (en) * 2017-07-24 2017-12-01 华坪县清泉果蔬种植有限公司 A kind of method of greenhouse gardening Organic tomato
CN108184567A (en) * 2018-01-22 2018-06-22 马鞍山市全润农业科技有限公司 A kind of arid, semiarid zone tomato seeds nursery implantation methods
CN110915571A (en) * 2019-11-28 2020-03-27 陈彩姣 Organic cultivation method for tomatoes
CN111357583A (en) * 2020-04-21 2020-07-03 红河哈尼族彝族自治州农业科学院 Cultivation method for twisting branches and changing main parts of tomatoes

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104145697A (en) * 2014-08-28 2014-11-19 太仓市丰缘农场专业合作社 Planting method of seedless tomatoes
CN105104134A (en) * 2015-08-17 2015-12-02 太仓市雅丰农场专业合作社 Planting method of soilless tomatoes
CN105393687A (en) * 2015-11-18 2016-03-16 铜陵三泉现代农业开发有限公司 Method for applying base fertilizer in tomato planting process
CN105766308A (en) * 2016-03-15 2016-07-20 成都繁尚农业有限公司 Method for high yield of organic tomatoes
CN107409694A (en) * 2017-07-24 2017-12-01 华坪县清泉果蔬种植有限公司 A kind of method of greenhouse gardening Organic tomato
CN108184567A (en) * 2018-01-22 2018-06-22 马鞍山市全润农业科技有限公司 A kind of arid, semiarid zone tomato seeds nursery implantation methods
CN110915571A (en) * 2019-11-28 2020-03-27 陈彩姣 Organic cultivation method for tomatoes
CN111357583A (en) * 2020-04-21 2020-07-03 红河哈尼族彝族自治州农业科学院 Cultivation method for twisting branches and changing main parts of tomatoes

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Application publication date: 20140806

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