CN103956963A - Solar energy and wind energy generation combined device - Google Patents

Solar energy and wind energy generation combined device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103956963A
CN103956963A CN201410184730.1A CN201410184730A CN103956963A CN 103956963 A CN103956963 A CN 103956963A CN 201410184730 A CN201410184730 A CN 201410184730A CN 103956963 A CN103956963 A CN 103956963A
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wind
baffler
degree
day
wind wheel
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CN201410184730.1A
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CN103956963B (en
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许润柱
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许润柱
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/46Conversion of thermal power into mechanical power, e.g. Rankine, Stirling or solar thermal engines
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/74Wind turbines with rotation axis perpendicular to the wind direction

Abstract

The invention discloses a solar energy and wind energy generation combined device. Wind energy or electric energy is used as power, a disc condenser generation device or a photovoltaic cell panel generation device on a vertical rod for road lighting is moved towards the east in the morning, and starting from the zero-degree position in the east in the clockwise direction, the disc condenser generation device or the photovoltaic cell panel generation device is simultaneously moved horizontally and ascends according to the track of the sun along with the rule of time; when reaching the ninety-degree position in the south at the noon, the disc condenser generation device or the photovoltaic cell panel generation device is simultaneously moved horizontally and starts to descend along with the rule of time; when reaching the position of one hundred and eighty degrees in the west in the afternoon, the disc condenser generation device or the photovoltaic cell panel generation device stops descending and continues to be moved horizontally along with the rule of time; when moved horizontally to the position of three hundred and sixty degrees in the east, the disc condenser generation device or the photovoltaic cell panel generation device starts to be simultaneously moved horizontally and ascends clockwise, and the disc condenser generation device or the photovoltaic cell panel generation device circulates according to the rule by a cycle per day or returns to the zero-degree position in the morning from the position of the one hundred and eighty degrees to start circulation. The invention discloses a vertical shaft windmill. According to the windmill on the vertical rod for road lighting, the direction of a guide plate is controlled through a weather cock empennage, the guide plate rotates along with changes of the wind direction, wind guided by the guide plate is tangent to blades of a wind wheel, and the guide plate controlled by a weather cock serves as an overload protection device during the storm wind.

Description

Solar energy and wind power generation combination unit
Affiliated technical field:
This device relates to solar energy and the wind power generation field that utilizes natural energy resources.
Background technology:
The electric energy that the light fixture of road lighting is used, the electric energy that generally Dou Shi cogeneration power plant, hydroelectric plant provide, is used solar energy-electric energy and wind energy electric energy few, and uses the many of photovoltaic solar cell plate, solar panel is fixed in vertical rod, or it is expensive to day system to use computer to control; What use wind energy is horizontal axis windmill, with high content of technology, and complex structure is high to foundation requirement, and uses the impact that also can be subject to contrary wind of vertical shaft windmill, although there is the case of using baffler, does not also break away from impact against the wind.
Summary of the invention:
The photovoltaic battery panel Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) of present road lighting is fixed in vertical rod towards a direction by certain inclination angle, and the sun is to move around central horizontal to move up and down, the heat energy that causes solar panel cannot receive sun oblique fire produces electric energy, as long as by the fixture of installing in vertical rod be replaced by according to day track around central horizontal, move and face upward the mobile transmission device of bowing, just solved this problem, also can be by Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) according to the fixing certain optimum angle of incidence in location, according to temporal regularity, around central horizontal, move, also can make the utilance of device of solar generating be greatly improved.
Present according to day track around central horizontal move and face upward bow mobile to day system expensive with high content of technology, and minute move horizontally motor and face upward to bow and move motor two parts.The light of the sun is larger with the variation of wind and rain rain or shine, cut in and out changeable, present computer is controlled to day systematic influence larger, in any case but change, the sun can not become around geocyclic rule, the rule of the four seasons and every day all relative not fixing can change, and utilize all comparative maturities of the machinery of time or electronic installation technology, if best with wind mill equipment combination, there is windmill, tension clockwork spring, clockwork spring pulls mechanical clock device, mechanical clock device drives solar panel to move and replace the costliness of controlling electric energy to day system around central horizontal, there will not be bias phenomenon, there is no technology barriers, according to actual conditions choice for use, can certainly enroll computer program according to temporal regularity, become high-tech product.Following public be a kind of utilize the earth around the temporal regularity of earth rotation the mechanical compound transmission to day system, only use a kind of motor or mechanical device to drive solar panel to move day, use once to calculate and use throughout one's life, machinery or artificial adjustment are very micro-, interval time is long, also can claim solar energy traversing carriage, also be not all the time all according to the track of the sun, to move, as long as can make Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) just passable towards the sun within interval time, I am due to the restriction of knowledge, only know that movement is faced upward in translation on one side on one side or the movement of bowing just can access above result, the transmission combination that can use is many, also divide according to temporal regularity and move horizontally and face upward the mobile two parts of bowing, the scheme that has two transmission devices is not very desirable, there are numerous drawbacks, for everybody reference, wish that a person of noble aspirations proposes better scheme, replace the costliness of present computer control to day Trajectory System.
Scheme one, according to temporal regularity to day track around central horizontal, move and face upward the transmission combination device of bowing mobile and comprise, motor, the transmission device moving horizontally, retractor device, solar panel, cam circle loop device and fixture, described motor, cam annulus and the transmission device moving horizontally are fixedly connected in vertical rod.The track of described horizontally moving device is a circle, described retractor device is by TRAJECTORY CONTROL mobile device in season, it is a part for the transmission device that moves horizontally, elongation is the movement of bowing winter, shortening is to face upward movement summer, centre is spring and autumn, uses Artificial Control or intelligent mechanic control, circulation in a year.Described cam annulus be solar panel according to day track around central shaft, horizontally rotate and face upward the mobile device of bowing, level is fixed, tourelle is installed, solar panel moves solar panel to convex direction and starts to face upward movement, and solar panel moves and starts the movement of bowing to recessed direction.Described solar panel is provided with the track sliding with cam annulus, and upper end is connected on the transmission device moving horizontally, and lower end is connected on cam annulus tourelle and does sliding, away from central shaft, is the movement of bowing, and near central shaft, is to face upward movement.
Motor uses electric energy as power or uses wind energy as power, dish formula concentrator Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) or photovoltaic battery panel Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) to be moved towards east zero degree morning, from zero degree, starting the rule translation on one side one edge cam circle ring along with the time according to the track of the sun clockwise slides, solar panel starts to face upward movement, arrive the translation on one side of the southern rule along with the time of 90 degree the period of the day from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m and start the movement of bowing on one side, the mobile rule along with the time that at dusk stops bowing during 180 degree west continues translation, while moving to 360 deg east, start again to face upward on one side according to the translation of clockwise one side, during according to this rule circulation circle every day one or arrival 180 degree west, turn back to zero degree east, start eastwardly circulation morning.
Scheme two, according to day track around central horizontal, move and face upward the transmission combination device of bowing mobile and comprise, motor, the transmission device moving horizontally, rolling bearing, solar panel, ring ring, hydraulic pump or swash drive, expansion link and fixture, described motor, ring ring and the transmission device moving horizontally are fixedly connected in vertical rod.The track of described horizontally moving device is a circle, and described rolling bearing is a part for the transmission device that moves horizontally, is arranged on horizontally moving device connecting fluid press pump or swash drive.Described hydraulic pump or swash drive are that zero degree starts to hydraulic pump feed flow or to swash drive, to provide power to face upward movement to the power of southern 90 degree rolling bearings eastwardly, 90 degree to 180 degree rolling bearings provide the movement of bowing of power solar panel to hydraulic pump drawing liquid or swash drive, described expansion link is a part for hydraulic pump, there are two functions, function is that the flexible length of artificial or Based Intelligent Control expansion link is as the mobile circulation in a year of bowing of facing upward of season, another feature capability is to use the flexible length of hydraulic pump control expansion link to bow and move an adjusting circulation on the one as facing upward of day, one end is arranged on hydraulic pump, the other end is connected on solar panel, described ring ring is the teeth groove track that rolling bearing rolls, from zero degree, start to have to 180 degree the teeth groove of rolling bearing, 180 spend to 360 deg and there is no teeth groove, rolling bearing is unsettled, in the middle of described solar panel, be connected to according to on the day device that moves horizontally around central shaft of track, upper end or lower end are connected on expansion link, zero degree starts to face upward movement eastwardly, to 90, spend and start the movement of bowing.
Motor uses electric energy as power or uses wind energy as power, dish formula concentrator Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) or photovoltaic battery panel Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) to be moved towards east zero degree morning, from zero degree, start the rule translation along with the time according to the track of the sun clockwise, rolling bearing rolls on ring ring, the power of rolling bearing is to hydraulic pump feed flow, expansion link starts to stretch or contract, solar panel starts to face upward movement, the power that arrives the southern rolling bearing of 90 degree the period of the day from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m stops to hydraulic pump feed flow, start to hydraulic pump drawing liquid, expansion link starts stretch or contract in the other direction, solar panel starts the movement of bowing, horizontally moving device is along with the rule of time continues translation, when spend west the dusk 180, rolling bearing is unsettled de-orbits, solar panel stops bowing, rule continuation translation along with the time, rolling bearing injection while moving to 360 deg east, start again according to the translation of clockwise one side, to face upward movement from zero degree on one side, during according to this rule circulation circle every day one or arrival 180 degree west, turn back to zero degree east, start eastwardly circulation morning.
Can also solar panel be fixed on the transmission device moving around central horizontal according to temporal regularity according to the inclination angle of location, move morning towards east zero degree, from zero degree, start the rule translation along with the time according to the track of the sun clockwise, arrive 90 degree south the period of the day from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m, 180 spend wests at dusk, while moving to 360 deg east, start again according to clockwise translation, during according to this rule circulation circle every day one or arrival 180 degree west, turn back to zero degree east, start eastwardly circulation morning.The electric current that dish formula concentrator Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) or photovoltaic battery panel produce is input to storage battery and deposits, and storage battery output current is to light fixture powered lighting.
On road, use photovoltaic battery panel Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) and horizontal axis windmill Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) normally more reasonable, but because wind and some difference of natural wind on road, in nature, sometimes there is wind sometimes calm, but the common vetch fitful wind that produced by Vehicle Driving Cycle blows and hits, in centre, there is the two way highway of isolation strip more obvious, can form bidirectional rotation air-flow and form new wind energy, horizontal axis windmill just loses the effect of application, only have vertical shaft windmill to be applied, and in the situation that having natural wind, the vehicle sailing with the wind promotes wind-force and accelerates forward drive vertical shaft windmill, vehicle extruding is against the wind moved towards vertical shaft windmill against the wind, drive vertical shaft windmill, so only have, use vertical shaft windmill can obtain satisfied result.
Using vertical shaft windmill to also have a problem is exactly the problem of baffler, the baffler of existing vertical shaft windmill is all on wind wheel, in channeling direction, be also subject to resistance against the wind, the power that makes it vertical shaft windmill is difficult to be improved, only have baffler is arranged on wind wheel device in addition and can be addressed this problem, make wind wheel not be subject to be only subject to the wind against the wind, obtain the wind-force of whole wind wheel wind area, respectively that half directly blows the wind-force that hits and second half blows and hit through the tangent indirect wind-force of baffler guiding and the blade of wind wheel, on highway, be subject to green the planting of trees and isolation strip to equal to have strengthened baffler to the guiding of wind-force, vertical shaft windmill on highway can fixedly mount at least two bafflers on the ground, fixedly mount three bafflers and be mounted in respectively zero degree, 120 degree and 240 degree, the position of four bafflers of fixed installation is respectively at the zero degree of wind wheel, 90 degree, 180 degree and 270 degree places, the like can also be according to the more bafflers tangent with blade of the fixing peace of the size of wind wheel.
In the high-altitude that affected by natural wind, must use a kind of baffler that is subject to wind control or induction to control driving, describe in detail below.
High-level vertical shaft windmill comprises: front and back baffler, weathercock, vertical shaft windmill, generator, storage battery, lamp stand and light fixture, baffler by weathercock empennage controlling party to or induction controlling party to, along with the change of wind direction, rotate, the place ahead of vertical shaft windmill is more than or equal to 90 degree places a front flow guiding plate is installed, the blade of baffler and wind wheel is tangent, be fixedly mounted on after the counterweight of weathercock, after wind wheel, be more than or equal to 270 degree places a contrary rear baffler is installed, baffler is fixedly mounted on before weathercock empennage, natural wind blows, weathercock drives baffle upper plate to rotate, the wind blowing on baffler drives vertical shaft windmill to rotate together with the wind of guiding and blade, the generator that windmill connects produces electric energy input storage battery, storage battery output electric energy is to light fixture powered lighting.
Use vertical shaft windmill often to run into storm wind, storm wind can destroy wind wheel, solution is to change front flow guiding plate into S shape or straight plate shape double leaf wind wheel, also can be the double leaf wind wheel of other shape, in normality situation, control device locking blade is used as baffler, during storm wind, open locking device and become wind wheel, baffler is owing to not had resistance to rotate, empennage and rear baffler become the empennage of weathercock, the wind wheel of front flow guiding plate becomes the counterweight of weathercock, the wind deflector plate wheel of rotation has stopped that wind-force blows the wind-force of electrical turning wind wheel, become overload protection arrangement, the direction that the double leaf wind wheel of baffler rotates selects optimum orientation to omit here according to actual conditions, storm wind was after the past, control device reduction locking baffler wind wheel becomes baffler, the simplest control device is magnet or electromagnet, during storm wind, electromagnet is opened and when locking blade or wind-force are greater than the gravitation of magnet, is disconnected blade and become wind wheel, storm wind was after the past, locked with electromagnet blade or wind-force hold blade while being less than the gravitation of magnet becomes baffler.
Accompanying drawing explanation:
Fig. 1 is case 1 accompanying drawing.
Fig. 2 is case 2 accompanying drawings.
Fig. 3 is vertical shaft windmill vertical view.
1, vertical rod.2, light fixture.3, dish formula concentrator Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) or photovoltaic battery panel Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT).4, according to day track around central horizontal, move and face upward the transmission combination device of bowing mobile.5, storage battery.6, vertical shaft windmill.7, the strong hollow shaft of pipe.8, blade.9, upper cover.10, lower cover.11, rotor.12, stator.13, bearing.14, brake gear.15, weathercock.16, lower plate.17, front flow guiding plate.18, rear baffler.19, the wind wheel on front flow guiding plate.20, magnet or electromagnet.21, water conservancy diversion plate body.22, water conservancy diversion plate body upper cover.23, baffler lower cover.24, baffler.25, cam annulus tourelle.26, motor.27, ring ring.28, rolling bearing.29, hydraulic pump.30, expansion link.31, the counterweight of weathercock.32, weathercock empennage can be also a vertical shaft windmill.33, the rotor shaft on front flow guiding plate.
Embodiment:
Case one,
On the light fixture 2 of vertical rod 1 by according to the day track transmission device 4 that moves and move up and down around central horizontal, cam annulus tourelle 25 and motor 26 are fixed in vertical rod 1, power by solar panel 3 according to day the track transmission combination device 4 that moves and move up and down around central horizontal by dish formula concentrator Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) or 3 mornings of photovoltaic battery panel Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) towards zero degree east, solar panel 3 tops are connected on horizontally moving device 4, be connected to below on cam annulus tourelle 25 and slide, from zero degree, start to face upward on one side according to the translation on one side of the rule of time clockwise, arrive 90 degree south the period of the day from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m along with the rule translation on one side of time is bowed on one side, the rule that the dusk 180 stops while spending west bowing along with the time continues translation, while moving to 360 deg east, solar panel 3 starts to face upward on one side according to the translation of clockwise one side, every day one circle or turn back to zero degree east at 180 degree places and start circulation successively circulates, or solar panel is fixed according to the optimum angle of incidence of location, power will according to temporal regularity around central horizontal move 4 by dish formula concentrator Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) or 3 mornings of photovoltaic battery panel Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) towards zero degree east, from zero degree, start the rule translation according to the time clockwise, arrive 90 degree south the period of the day from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m, 180 degree wests are along with the rule of time continues translation at dusk, while moving to 360 deg east, beginning is according to clockwise temporal regularity translation, every day one circle or turn back to zero degree east at 180 degree places and start circulation successively circulates, the electric current that dish formula concentrator Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) or photovoltaic battery panel 3 produce is input to storage battery 5 and deposits, storage battery 5 output currents are to light fixture 2 powered lightings.
The vertical shaft windmill 6 of installing in the vertical rod 1 below of wind light fixture 2, vertical shaft windmill 6 comprises: vertical rod 1, the strong wind axle 7 of pipe, blade 8, upper cover 9, lower cover 10, rotor 11, stator 12, bearing 13, brake gear 14, weathercock 15, water conservancy diversion plate body 21, water conservancy diversion plate body upper cover 22, water conservancy diversion plate body lower cover 23 and baffler 24, water conservancy diversion plate body 21 comprises baffler upper cover 22, baffler lower cover 23 and baffler 24, baffler upper cover 22 is installed weathercock 15 above, utilize weathercock 15 empennage 32 controlling parties to or without weathercock, control and to be fixed in the peripheral ground of wind wheel 6, baffler upper cover 22 has upper shaft hole and baffler lower cover 23 to have lower shaft hole, bearing 13 is installed in axis hole, bearing 13 is fixed in vertical rod 1, mounting guiding board 24 between baffler upper cover 22 and baffler lower cover 23, straight plate is at least installed on water conservancy diversion plate body 21, two bafflers 24 of S or other shape, upper cover 9 has upper shaft hole and lower cover 10 to have lower shaft hole, the strong hollow shaft 7 of mounting pipe in axis hole, lift or resistance blade 8 are installed between upper cover 9 and lower cover 10, blade is canvas, the straight plate that the light-duty material such as plastics is paved into, S, at least two blades of shape 8 such as centrifugal, also can be the blade 8 of other shape, in the strong hollow shaft 7 of pipe, install bearing 13 and lower bearing 13, bearing 13 is arranged on and in vertical rod 1, supports wind wheel 6, rotor 11 is arranged in the strong hollow shaft 7 of pipe, also can be connected on the strong hollow shaft 7 of pipe, stator 12 is arranged in vertical rod 1, also can be arranged on fixed object, brake 14 is arranged on hollow shaft 7, the water conservancy diversion plate body that weathercock 15 is controlled or fixedly water conservancy diversion plate body are arranged on the outer of vertical shaft windmill 6 and place, baffler 24 is tangent with blade 8, wind is on baffler 24, wind process guiding on baffler 24 is blown wind wheel 6 and is rotated together with the wind on blade 8, the rotor 11 of installing on the strong hollow shaft 7 of pipe rotates, with the mutual motion generation current output of stator 12 electric energy in vertical rod 1.
Case two,
On the light fixture 2 of vertical rod 1, by the transmission device moving around central horizontal according to temporal regularity 4, motor and ring ring 27 are fixed in vertical rod 1, according to day track around central horizontal mobile device 4 by dish formula concentrator Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) or 3 mornings of photovoltaic battery panel Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) towards zero degree east, from zero degree, start the rule translation along with the time according to the track of the sun clockwise, rolling bearing 28 injections that are arranged on horizontally moving device 4 are rolled, the power of rolling bearing 28 is given hydraulic pump 29 feed flows that connect, the expansion link 30 of hydraulic pump 29 starts to stretch, the solar panel 3 that expansion link 30 other ends connect starts to face upward movement, arrive the rule continuation translation of 90 degree south along with the time period of the day from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m, rolling bearing 28 stops to hydraulic pump 29 feed flows, the power of rolling bearing 28 is to hydraulic pump 29 drawing liquids, expansion link 30 contractings, the solar panel 3 that expansion link 30 connects starts the movement of bowing, the unsettled drawing liquid that stops of rolling bearing 28 when spend west the dusk 180, solar panel 3 stops the movement of bowing, rule continuation translation along with the time, rolling bearing 28 injections while moving to 360 deg east, beginning is faced upward movement on one side according to the translation of clockwise one side, every day one circle or turn back to zero degree east at 180 degree places and start circulation successively circulates, or fix according to the optimum angle of incidence of location, according to temporal regularity around central horizontal move 4 by dish formula concentrator Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) or 3 mornings of photovoltaic battery panel Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) towards zero degree east, from zero degree, start the rule translation according to the time clockwise, arrive 90 degree south the period of the day from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m, 180 degree wests are along with the rule of time continues translation at dusk, while moving to 360 deg east, beginning is according to clockwise temporal regularity translation, every day one circle or turn back to zero degree east at 180 degree places and start circulation successively circulates, the electric current that dish formula concentrator Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) or photovoltaic battery panel 3 produce is input to storage battery 5 and deposits, storage battery 5 output currents are to light fixture 2 powered lightings.
The vertical shaft windmill 6 of installing in the vertical rod 1 below of wind light fixture 2, vertical shaft windmill 6 comprises: vertical rod 1, the strong wind axle 7 of pipe, blade 8, upper cover 9, lower cover 10, rotor 11, stator 12, bearing 13, brake gear 14, weathercock 15, lower plate 16, front flow guiding plate 17, wind wheel 19 control device magnet or electromagnet 20 on rear baffler 18 and front flow guiding plate 17, the counterweight 31 of the weathercock that install front flow guiding plate 17 upper ends, lower end is mounted in lower plate 16, rear baffler 18 upper ends be arranged on weathercock empennage 32 before, lower end is arranged in lower plate 16, with front flow guiding plate 17 opposite directions, nature wind is on baffler 17, wind process guiding on baffler 17 is blown wind wheel and is rotated together with the wind on blade 8, the rotor 11 of installing on the strong hollow shaft 7 of pipe rotates, with the mutual motion generation current output of stator 12 electric energy in vertical rod 1.When storm wind comes, electromagnet control device 20 is opened the gravitation that blade 19 or wind-force is greater than magnet becomes wind wheel, empennage 32 and rear baffler 18 are subject to the impact of wind-force to change direction, what the wind wheel 19 of front flow guiding plate 17 moved to power-generation wind wheel 6 above stops that storm wind blows electrical turning wind wheel 6, and storm wind later wind wheel 19 reduction on baffler 17 becomes baffler.
Above case is only for reference, concrete structure and material object are as the criterion, and concrete content is applicable to field of solar thermal power generation and vertical shaft windmill power field, because my capabilities limits is merely able to propose above fuzzy concept, please a person of noble aspirations supplement completely, make it to be developed.

Claims (9)

1. a solar energy and wind power generation combination unit is characterized in that comprising: solar power generation part, vertical shaft windmill power generation part, vertical rod and light fixture, the dish formula concentrator Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) or the photovoltaic battery panel generation current that above the vertical rod of solar light irradiation light fixture, according to temporal regularity track, move are input to storage battery, storage battery output current is to light fixture powered lighting, baffler in lighting vertical rod and the blade of wind wheel are hit in the wind that Vehicle Driving Cycle forms and the wind of self-assembling formation, wind on baffler drives wind wheel with together with wind on blade after guiding, wind wheel rotates generation current and is input to storage battery, storage battery output current is to light fixture powered lighting.
2. a kind of solar power generation claimed in claim 1 partly is characterized in that, comprise dish formula concentrator Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) or photovoltaic battery panel Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT), solar panel according to the time to day track around central horizontal, move and face upward the transmission combination device (also can claim solar energy traversing carriage) of bowing mobile because of friction, storage battery and light fixture, according to day track around central horizontal, move and face upward and bow transmission combination device mobile by dish formula concentrator Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) or photovoltaic battery panel Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) morning towards east because of friction, zero degree starts according to the track of the sun along with the rule translation on one side of time is faced upward on one side eastwardly clockwise, arrive south 90 degree the period of the day from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m along with the rule translation on one side of time is bowed on one side, arrive at dusk the rule that stops when west 180 is spent bowing along with the time and continue translation, while moving to east 360 deg, start to face upward on one side according to the translation of clockwise one side morning from zero degree, according to this rule circulation circle every day one, or 180 degree places turn back to east zero degree and start circulation morning in west,
Also can be by dish formula concentrator Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) or photovoltaic battery panel Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) according to the fixedly optimum angle of incidence of location, morning is towards east, from zero degree, start the rule translation along with the time clockwise, arrive 90 degree Souteern Exposures the period of the day from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m, arrive at dusk 180 degree towards west, continue translation and arrive 360 deg east, start according to clockwise continuation translation morning from zero degree, according to this rule circulation circle every day one or arrive 180 places, degree wests and turn back to zero degree east and start circulation morning.
A solar panel claimed in claim 2 according to the time to day track around central horizontal, move and face upward the mobile combination unit of bowing and it is characterized in that, comprise, motor, according to the time to day track around central horizontal mobile device, retractor device, solar panel and cam annulus tourelle, described motor, according to the time to day track around central horizontal mobile device and cam annulus, be fixedly connected in vertical rod, described solar panel according to the time to day track around central horizontal mobile device, be to move by temporal regularity the device of doing circus movement, described retractor device be according to day track around the part of central horizontal mobile device, elongation is according to the track movement of bowing in winter, shortening be summer track face upward movement, centre is spring and autumn track, circulation in 1 year one, described cam annulus tourelle is to be arranged on uniformly the device that can roll on cam circle loop device, solar panel slides and faces upward the movement of bowing on tourelle, on described solar panel, there is sliding rail, upper end be connected to according to day track on central horizontal mobile device, lower end is connected on cam annulus tourelle and slides, solar panel is to move and start to face upward to convex direction away from central shaft, solar panel is to move and start to bow to recessed direction near central shaft.
Motor uses electric energy as power, dish formula concentrator Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) or photovoltaic battery panel Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) to be moved towards east zero degree morning, from zero degree, starting the rule translation on one side one edge cam circle loop orbit along with the time according to the track of the sun clockwise slides, solar panel starts to face upward movement, arrive the translation on one side of the southern rule along with the time of 90 degree the period of the day from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m and start the movement of bowing on one side, stop the movement of bowing the dusk 180 while spending west, rule continuation translation along with the time, while moving to 360 deg east, start again to face upward movement on one side according to the translation of clockwise one side, during according to this rule circulation circle every day one or arrival 180 degree west, turn back to zero degree east, start eastwardly circulation morning.
A solar panel claimed in claim 2 according to the time to day track around central horizontal, move and face upward the mobile combination unit of bowing and it is characterized in that, comprise, motor, according to the time to day track around central horizontal mobile device, rolling bearing, hydraulic pump or swash drive, expansion link, solar panel and annulus roller track
Described motor, according to the time to day track around central horizontal mobile device and annulus roller track, be fixedly connected in vertical rod,
Described solar panel according to the time to day track around central horizontal mobile device, be to move by temporal regularity the device moving in a circle,
Described rolling bearing is a part for a horizontally moving device, be arranged on horizontally moving device, on ring ring, roll, rolling bearing is connected on hydraulic pump or swash drive, give hydraulic pump feed flow, drawing liquid or provide power solar panel to face upward the movement of bowing to swash drive
Described hydraulic pump eastwardly zero degree utilizes the power of rolling bearing to hydraulic pump feed flow to south 90, and expansion link extends, and from south, to west, 180 degree utilize the power of rolling bearing to shorten to hydraulic pump drawing liquid expansion link to 90 degree,
Described expansion link is a part for hydraulic pump, a function is to use face upward the bow tilt adjustment of the flexible length of artificial or Based Intelligent Control expansion link as season, circulation in 1 year one, another function is to use flexible length that the expansion link of hydraulic pump controls as the adjusting of bowing of facing upward of day, circulation in one day one, one end is arranged on hydraulic pump, and the other end is connected on solar panel
The centre of described solar panel is connected on horizontally moving device, upper end or lower end are connected on expansion link, according to expansion link elongation and shortening, face upward the movement of bowing, described ring ring is the teeth groove track that rolling bearing rolls, from zero degree, start there is teeth groove to 180 degree, 180 spend to 360 deg unsettled
Motor uses electric energy as power, dish formula concentrator Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) or photovoltaic battery panel Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) to be moved towards east zero degree morning, from zero degree, start the rule translation along with the time according to the track of the sun clockwise, the rolling bearing being arranged on horizontally moving device rolls, the power drive hydraulic pump feed flow of rolling bearing, expansion link extends or shortens, solar panel starts to face upward movement, arrive the southern hydraulic pump of 90 degree the period of the day from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m and stop feed flow, the power of rolling bearing is to hydraulic pump drawing liquid, expansion link shrinks or extends, solar panel starts the movement of bowing, horizontally moving device continues the rule translation along with the time, when spend west the dusk 180, rolling bearing de-orbits and stops the movement of bowing, the unsettled horizontally moving device of rolling bearing is along with the rule of time continues translation, while moving to 360 deg east, rolling bearing injection is rolled, start again to face upward on one side according to the translation of clockwise one side, during according to this rule circulation circle every day one or arrival 180 degree west, turn back to zero degree east, start eastwardly circulation morning.
5. a vertical shaft windmill claimed in claim 1 partly is characterized in that, wind wheel is not subject to be only subject to the wind against the wind, make wind wheel obtain the wind-force of whole wind areas, respectively that half directly blows the wind-force that hits and second half blows the wind-force hitting indirectly, making it wind power utilization rate is improved, vertical shaft windmill comprises: baffler (two kinds of minute mobile baffler and fixedly bafflers), weathercock, vertical shaft windmill, generator, storage battery, lamp stand and light fixture, the wind that vehicle forms and the wind of the wind of self-assembling formation on baffler drive wind wheel to rotate together with the wind of guiding and blade, the wind of self-assembling formation is controlled or induction drives on the baffler of controlling or fixedly on baffler at weathercock empennage, wind on baffler drives wind wheel to rotate together with the wind of guiding and blade, the generator output current that wind wheel connects is input to storage battery, storage battery output current is to luminaire for road and street lighting powered lighting.
6. a kind of fixedly baffler claimed in claim 5 is characterized in that, the periphery of vertical shaft windmill fixedly mounts a plurality of bafflers, at least two bafflers, the position of three installations is at zero degree, 120 degree and 240 degree, four bafflers are arranged on zero degree, 90 degree 180 degree and 270 degree, the like installation a plurality of bafflers, the blade of baffler and wind wheel is tangent, has green road of planting to equal to have strengthened baffler.
7. a kind of mobile baffler claimed in claim 5 is characterized in that, the baffler of baffler or water conservancy diversion plate body before and after minute, baffler is straight plate shape, S shape or other shape, by weathercock empennage controlling party to or induction controlling party to, along with the change of wind direction, rotate, the place ahead of wind wheel is more than or equal to 90 degree places a front flow guiding plate is installed, baffler is fixedly mounted on after the counterweight of weathercock, tangent with the blade of wind wheel, after wind wheel, be more than or equal to 270 degree places a contrary rear baffler is installed, baffler is fixedly mounted on before weathercock empennage, natural wind blows, after weathercock drive front flow guiding plate, baffler or baffler rotate, the wind blowing on baffler drives vertical shaft windmill to rotate together with the wind of guiding and blade.
8. a vertical shaft windmill overload protection arrangement is characterized in that, comprising: the devices such as front flow guiding plate, rear baffler and weathercock,
Described front flow guiding plate is slightly S shape or a straight plate shape double leaf wind wheel structure; also can be cup-shaped or arc line shaped double leaf wind wheel structure; and magnet or the electromagnet induction controller of overload protection arrangement are installed; or other control device; front flow guiding plate be fixedly mounted on counterweight after
Described rear baffler is the shape identical with front flow guiding plate; only wind wheel is not fixedly mounted on before empennage; storm wind blows; the induction of overload protection arrangement is controlled the gravitation that electromagnet opens blade or surpass magnet and is automatically disconnected blade; make front flow guiding plate become a wind wheel rotation; become the counterweight of weathercock, empennage and rear baffler become new weathercock empennage controlling party to, stop that storm wind blows to hit wind wheel.
9. a vertical shaft windmill is characterized in that, comprising: vertical rod, the strong wind axle of pipe, blade, upper cover, lower cover, rotor, stator, bearing, brake gear, weathercock, lower plate, front flow guiding plate and rear baffler,
Described upper cover and under be stamped axis hole, the strong hollow shaft of mounting pipe in axis hole,
Lift or resistance blade are installed between described upper and lower covers,
Described blade is the blade of the straight plate that is paved into of the light-duty material such as canvas, plastics, S, the shape such as centrifugal, can be also the blade of other shape,
In the strong hollow shaft of described pipe, install lower bearing, bearing is arranged on and in vertical rod, supports wind wheel,
Described rotor is arranged in the strong hollow shaft of pipe, also can be connected on the strong hollow shaft of pipe, and described stator is arranged in vertical rod, also can be arranged on fixed object,
Described brake is arranged on down and covers,
Described weathercock be bar shaped or circular steel rod member, the length of rod member is greater than the diameter of wind wheel, rod member has axis hole, and bearing is installed in axis hole, bearing is arranged in vertical rod, front end is installed counterweight, empennage is installed in rear end,
Described lower plate is bar shaped or circular steel rod member, length is greater than rotor diameter, rod member has axis hole, bearing is installed in axis hole, and bearing is arranged in vertical rod, and described front flow guiding plate is straight plate shape or the linear double leaf wind wheel of S slightly, the upper end of baffler be arranged on weathercock counterweight after, baffler lower end is arranged in lower plate, and the blade of baffler and wind wheel is tangent
Described rear baffler upper end be arranged on weathercock empennage before, lower end is arranged in lower plate, with front flow guiding plate opposite direction,
Between the baffler of described front and back, guard shield can also be installed, the wind of self-assembling formation is on front flow guiding plate, wind drives wind wheel to rotate together with the wind of guiding and blade, the wind of self-assembling formation is on weathercock empennage, weathercock empennage is controlled or induction drives control baffler to rotate, the wind of baffler drives wind wheel to rotate together with the wind of guiding and blade, and the generator output current that wind wheel connects is input to storage battery, and storage battery output current is to light fixture powered lighting.
CN201410184730.1A 2014-05-05 2014-05-05 Solar energy and wind power generation combination unit Active CN103956963B (en)

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CN104396935A (en) * 2014-11-24 2015-03-11 广西高农机械有限公司 Ultrasonic bird dispeller
CN105289182A (en) * 2015-11-11 2016-02-03 华南理工大学 Low-resistance air-cooled elliptical tube-type demister and demisting method
CN105289181A (en) * 2015-11-11 2016-02-03 华南理工大学 Low-resistance air-cooled droplet-type pipe bundles demister and demisting method thereof
CN105289181B (en) * 2015-11-11 2017-08-25 华南理工大学 A kind of air-cooled drop type tubular demister of low-resistance and its defogging method
TWI609561B (en) * 2016-10-06 2017-12-21 鄭鈞尹 Micro power electric fan wind power generation system
CN110249127A (en) * 2016-11-17 2019-09-17 元志有限公司 Wind-driven rotary device and wind power generation plant
CN108736799A (en) * 2017-04-20 2018-11-02 李宰旭 Improve the solar energy and wind power generation plant of generating efficiency
CN110829963A (en) * 2019-11-14 2020-02-21 杭州煜伟科技有限公司 Photovoltaic panel capable of following illumination angle
CN111207038A (en) * 2020-03-09 2020-05-29 北华航天工业学院 Wind power and photovoltaic combined power generation device
CN111878878A (en) * 2020-08-03 2020-11-03 杭州光旭绿色能源科技有限公司 Solar heating equipment
CN111878878B (en) * 2020-08-03 2021-09-24 中创杰能(济宁)科技发展有限公司 Solar heating equipment

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