CN103956873A - Permanent magnet synchronous motor and rotor thereof - Google Patents

Permanent magnet synchronous motor and rotor thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103956873A
CN103956873A CN201410169240.4A CN201410169240A CN103956873A CN 103956873 A CN103956873 A CN 103956873A CN 201410169240 A CN201410169240 A CN 201410169240A CN 103956873 A CN103956873 A CN 103956873A
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China
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magnetic links
synchronous motor
utmost point
permagnetic synchronous
rotor
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CN201410169240.4A
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Inventor
黄文祥
韩明
暴捷
孔勇进
蒋大千
陈益辉
石佳
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United Automotive Electronic Systems Co Ltd
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United Automotive Electronic Systems Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410169240.4A priority Critical patent/CN103956873A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a permanent magnet synchronous motor which is a fractional-slot motor. A rotor of the motor comprises an iron core. The iron core is cylindrical. P S-pole magnetic steel sheets and p N-pole magnetic steel sheets are evenly arranged around the axis in the iron core, wherein p is a positive integer. The S-pole magnetic steel sheets and the N-pole magnetic steel sheets are arranged at intervals. A q-axis surface groove is axially formed in the portion, between each S-pole magnetic steel sheet and the corresponding adjacent N-pole magnetic steel sheet, of the outer surface of the iron core. The invention further discloses the rotor of the permanent magnet synchronous motor. According to the permanent magnet synchronous motor and the rotor of the permanent magnet synchronous motor, the amplitude of motor torque fluctuation, especially torque fluctuation in an intermediate torque area and a high torque area, generated when a load works can be effectively lowered,; in addition, the structure is simple, machining and manufacturing are easy, and cost is low.

Description

Permagnetic synchronous motor and rotor thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to motor, particularly a kind of permagnetic synchronous motor and rotor thereof.
Background technology
Magneto has the advantages such as high torque density, high power density, high efficient area be wide, is the first-selection of drive motors for the new-energy automobiles such as hybrid power, pure electronic and fuel cell.Especially for the permagnetic synchronous motor of Interior permanent magnet, can utilize the reluctance torque of the saliency generation of rotor, can further improve level of torque, expand weak-magnetic speed-regulating range, improve rotating speed.But p-m rotor also can bring cogging torque, the impacts such as non-linear magnetic circuit that magnetic saturation brings in addition, the back-emf harmonic content of magneto is abundant, and torque ripple level during load is more serious than the magneto of general asynchronous machine and surface magnetic steel.These also can cause certain NVH (Noise, Vibration, Harshness, noise, vibration and sound vibration roughness), increase passenger's discomfort, must solve.
Existing a kind of effective reduction back-emf harmonic wave and cogging torque, reduce the scheme of torque ripple, is to select rational utmost point groove to coordinate.Such as take most automobile drive motors that Toyota general sharp this (PRIUS) is representative, all adopt stator 48 grooves (tooth), the scheme of rotor 8 utmost points, adopts 3:2 slot number to count the concentrated winding scheme of ratio and take the ISG motor that Honda IMA is representative more.
The PRIUS of Toyota a kind of 48 groove 8 pole permanent-magnet synchronous machines used as shown in Figure 1, because rotor does not have the oblique utmost point, can be seen in its counter potential waveform and have abundant harmonic content, as shown in Figure 2.This not only can increase iron loss, determines that rotor position angle also can cause certain trueness error, can be attended by obvious cogging torque and torque ripple simultaneously during to match control.
Existing another kind effectively reduces the scheme of harmonic wave, cogging torque and torque ripple, by method harmonic carcellation content and the cogging torque of skewed stator slot or the oblique utmost point of rotor segmentation, reduce torque ripple, its operation principle is equivalent to the stack of staggering vertically of a plurality of motors, make the cogging torque of each section of motor and level off to zero, back-emf harmonic wave is cancelled out each other.But there is following defect in it:
One. the oblique utmost point of skewed stator slot or rotor segmentation requires there is positioning tool when closed assembly stator punching or rotor lamination stack, and increasing device input cost reduces the efficiency that complete machine is manufactured;
Two. the stator after skewed slot can increase the difficulty that rolls off the production line, and the effective length of winding also can correspondingly increase, and increases copper cash consumption;
Three. the oblique utmost point of rotor segmentation can make between adjacent laminates group opposed polarity pole pitch shorten, and interelectrode magnetic leakage increases, thereby weakens the output performance of motor, and especially, for oblique extremely more motor, hydraulic performance decline level is more obvious;
Four. same motor, completely skewed slot and the tiltedly peak torque of utmost point rear motor and power 10% left and right that all can decline, if reach original performance level, being equivalent to increase by 10% magnet steel consumption, the magnet steel of permagnetic synchronous motor is mainly neodymium iron boron at present, be subject to the impact of rare earth price, magnet steel was once accounting for 50% left and right of complete machine cost, and magnet steel consumption is responsive on product economy impact;
Five. for the oblique utmost point of rotor segmentation, general segments >=3 o'clock, change not quite the weakening degree of cogging torque and torque ripple, as long as segments is not to accomplish infinity, just cannot reach the effect of skewed stator slot, and some specific cogging torque can not be segmented the method weakening of the oblique utmost point;
Six. for ISG (Integrated Starter Generator, combination starting/generator) etc. the motor that axial length is shorter or slot-number ratio is less, skewed slot or the tiltedly utmost point implement and acquire a certain degree of difficulty, and brow leakage bring affect large percentage, the cogging torques that bring thus etc. cannot be by skewed slots or are tiltedly extremely effectively weakened;
Seven. skewed slot or the tiltedly utmost point all can produce a periodic axial thrust load on rotor, increase the failure probability of bearing, make the lost of life, also can increase axial NVH.
Daily output is listened wind (LEAF) the oblique pole permanent-magnet synchronous machine of a kind of rotor segmentation used as shown in Figure 3, the oblique pole permanent-magnet synchronous machine of this rotor segmentation can improve counter potential waveform significantly, reduce cogging torque and torque ripple, but to the peak performance of motor, also can weaken to some extent, increase the manufacture complexity of rotor simultaneously.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of permagnetic synchronous motor and rotor thereof, the torque ripple level of motor in the time of effectively reducing loaded work piece, and the torque ripple in especially middle and high torque zone, and also simple in structure, be easy to processing and manufacturing, cost is low.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, permagnetic synchronous motor provided by the invention, is fractional-slot motor; Its rotor comprises an iron core; Described iron core, for cylindrical, core interior is evenly provided with p S utmost point magnetic links, a p N utmost point magnetic links around axis, and p is positive integer; S utmost point magnetic links is spaced with N utmost point magnetic links;
Described iron core, is provided with q axle surface groove vertically being positioned at the outer surface of adjacent S utmost point magnetic links with the middle of N utmost point magnetic links.
Preferably, described iron core, is also provided with internal holes vertically being positioned at the inside of adjacent S utmost point magnetic links with the middle of N utmost point magnetic links.
Preferably, described iron core, is also provided with two d axle surface grooves on the rotor core surface at each magnetic links place;
Corresponding to two d axle surface grooves of a magnetic links, be symmetrically distributed in the both sides of this magnetic links center line;
Corresponding to the axis spacing of two d axle surface grooves of a magnetic links, it is 90% to 110% of the increment width of the stator tooth of permagnetic synchronous motor.
Preferably, permagnetic synchronous motor is that fractional-slot is concentrated winding permanent magnet synchronous machine;
Fractional-slot concentrates every extremely every phase groove number of winding permanent magnet synchronous machine to be more than or equal to 1/4 and be less than or equal to 1/2.
Preferably, described fractional-slot is concentrated the stator of winding permanent magnet synchronous machine, has 24 stator tooths;
Described iron core, inside is alternately evenly provided with 8 S utmost point magnetic links and 8 N utmost point magnetic links around axis.
Preferably, the A/F of d axle surface groove, the tooth boots width of the stator tooth of permagnetic synchronous motor 50% to 150% between;
The degree of depth of d axle surface groove, air gap 20% to 80% between;
Corresponding to the axis spacing of two d axle surface grooves of a magnetic links, it is 90%, 100% or 110% of the increment width of the stator tooth of permagnetic synchronous motor.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the rotor of permagnetic synchronous motor provided by the invention, comprises an iron core; Described iron core, for cylindrical, core interior is evenly provided with p S utmost point magnetic links, a p N utmost point magnetic links around axis, and p is positive integer; S utmost point magnetic links is spaced with N utmost point magnetic links;
Described iron core, is provided with q axle surface groove vertically being positioned at the outer surface of adjacent S utmost point magnetic links with the middle of N utmost point magnetic links.
Preferably, described iron core, is also provided with internal holes vertically being positioned at the inside of adjacent S utmost point magnetic links with the middle of N utmost point magnetic links.
Preferably, described iron core, is also provided with two d axle surface grooves on the rotor core surface at each magnetic links place;
Corresponding to two d axle surface grooves of a magnetic links, be symmetrically distributed in the both sides of this magnetic links center line;
Corresponding to the axis spacing of two d axle surface grooves of a magnetic links, it is 90% to 110% of the increment width of the stator tooth of permagnetic synchronous motor.
Preferably, permagnetic synchronous motor is that fractional-slot is concentrated winding permanent magnet synchronous machine;
Fractional-slot concentrates every extremely every phase groove number of winding permanent magnet synchronous machine to be more than or equal to 1/4 and be less than or equal to 1/2;
Preferably, described fractional-slot is concentrated the stator of winding permanent magnet synchronous machine, has 24 stator tooths;
Described iron core, inside is alternately evenly provided with 8 S utmost point magnetic links and 8 N utmost point magnetic links around axis.
Preferably, the A/F of d axle surface groove, the tooth boots width of the stator tooth of permagnetic synchronous motor 50% to 150% between;
The degree of depth of d axle surface groove, air gap 20% to 80% between;
Corresponding to the axis spacing of two d axle surface grooves of a magnetic links, it is 90%, 100% or 110% of the increment width of the stator tooth of permagnetic synchronous motor.
Permagnetic synchronous motor of the present invention, for fractional-slot motor, by slotting at q axle place, its rotor core surface, change the shape of rotor q axle magnetic circuit, thereby can in the situation that total synthetic torque substantially remain unchanged, torque ripple is significantly reduced, the torque ripple level of motor while reducing loaded work piece, the torque ripple in especially middle and high torque zone, simple in structure, be easy to processing and manufacturing, cost is low.
Accompanying drawing explanation
In order to be illustrated more clearly in technical scheme of the present invention, below the accompanying drawing that will use required for the present invention is briefly described, apparently, accompanying drawing in the following describes is only some embodiments of the present invention, for those of ordinary skills, do not paying under the prerequisite of creative work, can also obtain according to these accompanying drawings other accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is existing a kind of 48 groove 8 pole permanent-magnet synchronous machine schematic diagrames;
Fig. 2 is the counter potential waveform of permagnetic synchronous motor shown in Fig. 1 schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is the oblique pole permanent-magnet synchronous machine schematic diagram of existing a kind of rotor segmentation;
Fig. 4 permanent-magnetic synchronous motor rotor embodiment mono-schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 5 permanent-magnetic synchronous motor rotor embodiment bis-schematic diagrames of the present invention;
Fig. 6 permanent-magnetic synchronous motor rotor embodiment tri-schematic diagrames of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is tooth boots width and air gap schematic diagram;
Fig. 8 A is the back-emf schematic diagram of the permagnetic synchronous motor that do not process of rotor;
Fig. 8 B is the cogging torque schematic diagram of the permagnetic synchronous motor that do not process of rotor;
Fig. 8 C is the torque ripple schematic diagram of the permagnetic synchronous motor that do not process of rotor;
Fig. 9 A is the back-emf schematic diagram that rotor core is provided with the permagnetic synchronous motor after q axle surface groove and q axle internal holes;
Fig. 9 B is the cogging torque schematic diagram that rotor core is provided with the permagnetic synchronous motor after q axle surface groove and q axle internal holes;
Fig. 9 C is the torque ripple schematic diagram that rotor core is provided with the permagnetic synchronous motor after q axle surface groove and q axle internal holes;
Figure 10 A is the back-emf schematic diagram that rotor core is provided with the permagnetic synchronous motor after q axle surface groove and d axle surface groove;
Figure 10 B is the cogging torque schematic diagram that rotor core is provided with the permagnetic synchronous motor after q axle surface groove and d axle surface groove;
Figure 10 C is the torque ripple schematic diagram that rotor core is provided with the permagnetic synchronous motor after q axle surface groove and d axle surface groove;
Figure 11 A is the back-emf schematic diagram that rotor core is provided with the permagnetic synchronous motor after q axle surface groove and q axle internal holes and d axle surface groove;
Figure 11 B is the cogging torque schematic diagram that rotor core is provided with the permagnetic synchronous motor after q axle surface groove and q axle internal holes and d axle surface groove;
Figure 11 C is the torque ripple schematic diagram that rotor core is provided with the permagnetic synchronous motor after q axle surface groove and q axle internal holes and d axle surface groove;
Figure 12 is the air gap flux density amplitude schematic diagram of offering d axle surface groove front and back.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the technical scheme in the present invention is carried out to clear, complete description, obviously, described embodiment is a part of embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiment.Embodiment based in the present invention, all other embodiment that those of ordinary skills obtain under the prerequisite of not making creative work, belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
Embodiment mono-
Permagnetic synchronous motor is fractional-slot motor; Its rotor as shown in Figure 4, comprises iron core 1;
Described iron core 1, for cylindrical, core interior is evenly provided with p S utmost point magnetic links 11, a p N utmost point magnetic links 11 around axis, and p is positive integer; S utmost point magnetic links is spaced with N utmost point magnetic links;
Described iron core 1, is provided with q axle surface groove 12 vertically at the outer surface that is positioned at the middle (being rotor q axle place) of adjacent S utmost point magnetic links with N utmost point magnetic links.
The average torque T=p[φ of permagnetic synchronous motor fi d+ (L d-L q) i di q], in formula, p is motor number of pole-pairs, φ ffor the magnetic linkage that permanent magnet fundamental wave magnetic field produces in stator winding, id is stator d shaft current, and iq is stator q shaft current, the d axle inductance that Ld is stator winding, the q axle inductance that Lq is stator winding.The torque T of permagnetic synchronous motor mainly consists of two parts, the synchronous torque being produced by permanent magnetic material excitation field and the effect of d shaft current, form with the reluctance torque causing because d axle, asymmetric d axle inductance L d, the q axle inductance L q causing of q axle magnetic circuit are unequal, reluctance torque can promote the torque/current density of magneto, but tends to torque ripple is significantly increased simultaneously.
For fractional-slot motor (be the motor that every extremely every phase groove number is mark, its every extremely every phase groove number p is motor number of pole-pairs, m is the number of phases, Z is the stator number of teeth, b, j, k are positive integer, k>j), because d axle, the asymmetric unequal reluctance torque proportion causing of d axle inductance L d, q axle inductance L q causing of q axle magnetic circuit are little, so by changing the shape of rotor q axle magnetic circuit, often can make torque ripple significantly reduce, and total synthetic torque remain unchanged.
The permagnetic synchronous motor of embodiment mono-, for fractional-slot motor, by slotting at its q axle place, rotor core surface, change the shape of rotor q axle magnetic circuit, thereby can in the situation that total synthetic torque substantially remain unchanged, torque ripple is significantly reduced, the torque ripple level of motor while reducing loaded work piece, the torque ripple in especially middle and high torque zone, and, the rotor structure of the permagnetic synchronous motor of embodiment mono-is simple, is easy to processing and manufacturing, and cost is low.
Preferably, permagnetic synchronous motor is that fractional-slot is concentrated winding permanent magnet synchronous machine, its every extremely every phase groove to count T to be more than or equal to 1/4 and be less than or equal to 1/2.The advantage of concentrating winding is that winding termination portion shortens, and wire consumption reduces, and winding coil resistance reduces, and copper loss reduces, and electric efficiency improves, and finished product reduces, and the manufacturing cycle shortens.Because fractional-slot is concentrated the winding pitch y=1 of winding permanent magnet synchronous machine, when Z/p scope is between 3/2 to 3, be that every extremely every phase groove is counted T and is more than or equal to 1/4 and be less than or equal at 1/2 o'clock, two coil side induced electromotive forces of same coil differ and approach 180 °, can obtain higher winding coefficient.
Preferably, described fractional-slot is concentrated the stator of winding permanent magnet synchronous machine, has 24 stator tooths (Z=24), and each stator tooth is only around a coil; Described iron core, inside is alternately evenly distributed with 8 S utmost point magnetic links and 8 N utmost point magnetic links (8 pairs of rotor magnetic poles, p=8, altogether 2p the utmost point) around axis, so every extremely every phase groove number of motor T = Z 2 pm = 24 2 * 8 * 3 = 1 2 .
Embodiment bis-
Permagnetic synchronous motor based on embodiment mono-, as shown in Figure 5, described iron core 1, is also provided with internal holes 13 vertically in the inside that is positioned at the middle (being rotor q axle place) of adjacent S utmost point magnetic links with N utmost point magnetic links.
In iron core q axle place internal openings, the torque ripple that motor saliency causes can be reduced on the one hand, and interelectrode magnetic leakage can be effectively contained, improve the magnet steel utilance of motor; On the other hand, after iron core q axle place internal openings, the magnetic resistance of q axle magnetic circuit increases, and enters magnetic reversal field step-down a little less than the d axle of magnet steel part under identical stator current condition, has strengthened the anti-demagnetization performance of magnet steel.
The permagnetic synchronous motor of embodiment bis-, at rotor core surface q axle place fluting and in iron core q axle place internal openings, can reduce the torque ripple that motor saliency causes, and can effectively contain interelectrode magnetic leakage, improve the magnet steel utilance of motor, and can make to enter magnetic reversal field step-down a little less than the d axle of magnet steel part under identical stator current condition, strengthened the anti-demagnetization performance of magnet steel.
Embodiment tri-
Permagnetic synchronous motor based on embodiment mono-or two, as shown in Figure 6, described iron core 1, is also provided with two d axle surface grooves 14 on the rotor core surface at each magnetic links place;
Corresponding to two d axle surface grooves 14 of a magnetic links, be symmetrically distributed in the both sides of this magnetic links center line (being d axle);
Axis spacing W corresponding to two d axle surface grooves 14 of a magnetic links, approximate the stator tooth of permagnetic synchronous motor increment width W (as 90% to 110% of the increment width W for the stator tooth of permagnetic synchronous motor, can for the increment width W of the stator tooth of permagnetic synchronous motor 90%, 100% or 110%).
Cogging torque is that the tangential component of the permanent magnet of magneto and the stator tooth Interaction Force after stator teeth notching produces, and ignores saturated impact unshakable in one's determination, cogging torque T cogcan be expressed as wherein Z is the stator number of teeth, L afor axial length unshakable in one's determination, μ 0for constant, R 1for the internal diameter of corresponding air gap, R 2for the external diameter of corresponding air gap, G nbe the coefficient of corresponding air-gap permeance, the Br magnetic that to be magnetic field of permanent magnet produce along air gap circumference is close, and α is the angle between permanent magnet center line (d axle) and stator tooth center line, and n is that to make nZ/2p be the positive integer of integer.Known according to expression formula, only have the close component of magnetic of nZ/2p subharmonic just may produce cogging torque, can reduce cogging torque by reducing the air gap flux density Br amplitude of nZ/2p subharmonic.
The permagnetic synchronous motor of embodiment tri-, on the rotor core surface at each magnetic links place, be provided with two d axle surface grooves 14, and make to equal corresponding to the axis spacing of two d axle surface grooves 14 of a magnetic links increment width W of the stator tooth 2 of permagnetic synchronous motor, like this, as shown in Figure 6, when stator tooth center is consistent with d axle, corresponding to the axis of two d axle surface grooves of a magnetic links, be in the tooth boots 21 boots head places of stator tooth, thereby can alleviate the air gap flux density amplitude sudden change causing because of stator teeth notching effect, thereby the amplitude of low magnetic density back-emf harmonic wave is fallen, according to the cogging torque expression formula of theory analysis, cogging torque can corresponding step-down.(the close variation of magnetic before and after the respectively corresponding d axle surface groove fluting of light color and darker curve) as shown in figure 12, in visible back-emf, the amplitude of low-order harmonic has reduced greatly.
The permagnetic synchronous motor of embodiment tri-, can increase the first-harmonic content ratio of air gap flux density in one-period, reduces the back-emf harmonic content of magnetic flux density waveforms, and the sinusoidal degree of air gap flux density is better.And the magnetic field of inside provides by magnet steel completely during motor no power, the torque that rotary rotor produces is only relevant with magnetic permeability to the close amplitude of magnetic, if magnetic flux density waveforms is sine under linear case, cogging torque can be eliminated.So the permagnetic synchronous motor of embodiment tri-, can reduce the cogging torque that the distortion of the air gap flux density waveform bringing because of stator teeth notching causes, thus the torque ripple in torque ripple level, especially the low torque region of motor while reducing loaded work piece.
The permagnetic synchronous motor of embodiment tri-, at q axle place, rotor core surface fluting, in iron core q axle place internal openings, and on the rotor core surface at each magnetic links place, be symmetrical in d axle and be provided with two d axle surface grooves 14, torque ripple level in the time of reducing the work of motor load in cogging torque and whole region, reaches the effect of the oblique utmost point.
Preferably, as shown in Figure 7, the A/F of d axle surface groove 14 the tooth boots 21 width L of the stator tooth 2 of permagnetic synchronous motor 50% to 150% between (as 50%, 100%, 150%), the degree of depth of d axle surface groove 14 air gap F (the stator increment of permagnetic synchronous motor is to the distance between rotor core) 20% to 80% between (as 20%, 50%, 80%), so that air gap flux density from d axle to q axle smooth change, reduces the harmonic effects that d axle surface groove 14 flutings bring.
As shown in Figure 8 A, as shown in Figure 8 B, torque ripple as shown in Figure 8 C for cogging torque for the back-emf of the permagnetic synchronous motor that rotor does not process.
As shown in Figure 9 A, as shown in Figure 9 B, torque ripple as shown in Figure 9 C for cogging torque for the back-emf that rotor core is provided with the permagnetic synchronous motor after q axle surface groove and q axle internal holes.
As shown in Figure 10 A, as shown in Figure 10 B, torque ripple is as shown in Figure 10 C for cogging torque for the back-emf that rotor core is provided with the permagnetic synchronous motor after q axle surface groove and tooth boots groove.
As shown in Figure 11 A, as shown in Figure 11 B, torque ripple as shown in Figure 11 C for cogging torque for the back-emf that rotor core is provided with the permagnetic synchronous motor after q axle surface groove and q axle internal holes and tooth boots groove.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, in order to limit the present invention, within the spirit and principles in the present invention not all, any modification of making, be equal to replacement, improvement etc., within all should being included in the scope of protection of the invention.

Claims (12)

1. a permagnetic synchronous motor, is fractional-slot motor; Its rotor comprises an iron core; Described iron core, for cylindrical, core interior is evenly provided with p S utmost point magnetic links, a p N utmost point magnetic links around axis, and p is positive integer; S utmost point magnetic links is spaced with N utmost point magnetic links; It is characterized in that,
Described iron core, is provided with q axle surface groove vertically being positioned at the outer surface of adjacent S utmost point magnetic links with the middle of N utmost point magnetic links.
2. permagnetic synchronous motor according to claim 1, is characterized in that,
Described iron core, is also provided with internal holes vertically being positioned at the inside of adjacent S utmost point magnetic links with the middle of N utmost point magnetic links.
3. permagnetic synchronous motor according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that,
Described iron core, is also provided with two d axle surface grooves on the rotor core surface at each magnetic links place;
Corresponding to two d axle surface grooves of a magnetic links, be symmetrically distributed in the both sides of this magnetic links center line;
Corresponding to the axis spacing of two d axle surface grooves of a magnetic links, it is 90% to 110% of the increment width of the stator tooth of permagnetic synchronous motor.
4. permagnetic synchronous motor according to claim 3, is characterized in that,
Permagnetic synchronous motor is that fractional-slot is concentrated winding permanent magnet synchronous machine;
Fractional-slot concentrates every extremely every phase groove number of winding permanent magnet synchronous machine to be more than or equal to 1/4 and be less than or equal to 1/2.
5. permagnetic synchronous motor according to claim 4, is characterized in that,
Described fractional-slot is concentrated the stator of winding permanent magnet synchronous machine, has 24 stator tooths;
Described iron core, inside is alternately evenly provided with 8 S utmost point magnetic links and 8 N utmost point magnetic links around axis.
6. permagnetic synchronous motor according to claim 3, is characterized in that,
The A/F of d axle surface groove, the tooth boots width of the stator tooth of permagnetic synchronous motor 50% to 150% between;
The degree of depth of d axle surface groove, air gap 20% to 80% between;
Corresponding to the axis spacing of two d axle surface grooves of a magnetic links, it is 90%, 100% or 110% of the increment width of the stator tooth of permagnetic synchronous motor.
7. a rotor for permagnetic synchronous motor, comprises an iron core; Described iron core, for cylindrical, core interior is evenly provided with p S utmost point magnetic links, a p N utmost point magnetic links around axis, and p is positive integer; S utmost point magnetic links is spaced with N utmost point magnetic links; It is characterized in that,
Described iron core, is provided with q axle surface groove vertically being positioned at the outer surface of adjacent S utmost point magnetic links with the middle of N utmost point magnetic links.
8. the rotor of permagnetic synchronous motor according to claim 7, is characterized in that,
Described iron core, is also provided with internal holes vertically being positioned at the inside of adjacent S utmost point magnetic links with the middle of N utmost point magnetic links.
9. according to the rotor of the permagnetic synchronous motor described in claim 7 or 8, it is characterized in that,
Described iron core, is also provided with two d axle surface grooves on the rotor core surface at each magnetic links place;
Corresponding to two d axle surface grooves of a magnetic links, be symmetrically distributed in the both sides of this magnetic links center line;
Corresponding to the axis spacing of two d axle surface grooves of a magnetic links, it is 90% to 110% of the increment width of the stator tooth of permagnetic synchronous motor.
10. the rotor of permagnetic synchronous motor according to claim 9, is characterized in that,
Permagnetic synchronous motor is that fractional-slot is concentrated winding permanent magnet synchronous machine;
Fractional-slot concentrates every extremely every phase groove number of winding permanent magnet synchronous machine to be more than or equal to 1/4 and be less than or equal to 1/2.
The rotor of 11. permagnetic synchronous motors according to claim 10, is characterized in that,
Described fractional-slot is concentrated the stator of winding permanent magnet synchronous machine, has 24 stator tooths;
Described iron core, inside is alternately evenly provided with 8 S utmost point magnetic links and 8 N utmost point magnetic links around axis.
The rotor of 12. permagnetic synchronous motors according to claim 9, is characterized in that,
The A/F of d axle surface groove, the tooth boots width of the stator tooth of permagnetic synchronous motor 50% to 150% between;
The degree of depth of d axle surface groove, air gap 20% to 80% between;
Corresponding to the axis spacing of two d axle surface grooves of a magnetic links, it is 90%, 100% or 110% of the increment width of the stator tooth of permagnetic synchronous motor.
CN201410169240.4A 2014-04-25 2014-04-25 Permanent magnet synchronous motor and rotor thereof Pending CN103956873A (en)

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CN103956874A (en) * 2014-04-25 2014-07-30 联合汽车电子有限公司 Permanent magnet synchronous motor and rotor thereof
CN109510353A (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-03-22 苏州汇川技术有限公司 Skewed pole rotor and permanent magnet synchronous motor

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CN202260721U (en) * 2011-10-31 2012-05-30 上海中科深江电动车辆有限公司 Internal rotor structure of permanent magnet motor
JP2013162556A (en) * 2012-02-01 2013-08-19 Suzuki Motor Corp Electric rotary machine
CN203896153U (en) * 2014-04-25 2014-10-22 联合汽车电子有限公司 Permanent magnet synchronous motor and rotor thereof

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103956874A (en) * 2014-04-25 2014-07-30 联合汽车电子有限公司 Permanent magnet synchronous motor and rotor thereof
CN109510353A (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-03-22 苏州汇川技术有限公司 Skewed pole rotor and permanent magnet synchronous motor
CN109510353B (en) * 2018-12-29 2024-04-30 苏州汇川联合动力系统股份有限公司 Oblique pole rotor and permanent magnet synchronous motor

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