CN103953728A - Ultrahigh pressure large-diameter anti-shear block loading, unloading and locking mechanism for simulator under deep ocean environment - Google Patents

Ultrahigh pressure large-diameter anti-shear block loading, unloading and locking mechanism for simulator under deep ocean environment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103953728A
CN103953728A CN201410156914.7A CN201410156914A CN103953728A CN 103953728 A CN103953728 A CN 103953728A CN 201410156914 A CN201410156914 A CN 201410156914A CN 103953728 A CN103953728 A CN 103953728A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shearing
resistance blocks
oil cylinder
locking
blocks
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CN201410156914.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103953728B (en
Inventor
吴世海
卞如冈
潘广善
张震
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中国船舶重工集团公司第七○二研究所
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Priority to CN 201310148077 priority Critical patent/CN103216616A/en
Priority to CN201310148077.9 priority
Application filed by 中国船舶重工集团公司第七○二研究所 filed Critical 中国船舶重工集团公司第七○二研究所
Priority to CN201410156914.7A priority patent/CN103953728B/en
Publication of CN103953728A publication Critical patent/CN103953728A/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to an ultrahigh large-diameter anti-shear block loading, unloading and locking mechanism for a simulator under the deep ocean environment. The anti-shear block loading, unloading and locking mechanism comprises a pressure drum; a sealing cover is arranged at the top of the pressure drum; a shearing slot is formed in the inner ring surface of the upper part of the pressure drum; anti-shear blocks are arranged and positioned on the sealing cover; the anti-shear blocks are clamped in the shearing slot formed on the pressure drum; the anti-shear blocks comprise oblique anti-shear blocks and straight anti-shear blocks which are arranged at the top of the sealing cover at intervals and encircle by one circle; a bearing block is arranged in the middle of the sealing cover; the mechanism also comprises an oil cylinder seat; an oil cylinder is arranged on the oil cylinder seat; the oil cylinder seat and the bearing block are integrally assembled by a bearing, so an anti-shear block loading and unloading device is formed. The anti-shear block loading, unloading and locking mechanism is flexible and reliable in use and high in work efficiency.

Description

The environment simulator shearing-resistance blocks handling of ultrahigh pressure major diameter deep-sea and locking mechanism
Technical field
The present invention relates to the auxiliary device of pressurized container, especially be applied to shearing-resistance blocks handling and a locking mechanism on the simulation of deep-sea ultra-high voltage environment and detection device, also can be used for frequently opening on the pressurized container of capping or other have on the equipment of shearing-resistance blocks structural type.
Background technique
Bathyscaphe and associated equipment are the main tool that the mankind carry out deep-sea scientific research, abyssal environment monitoring and deep-sea resources exploration, develop and protect.World ocean power is in carrying out bathyscaphe and associated equipment development, all extremely focus on the experimental basis capacity building of deep-sea equipment, successively build up a series of deep-seas simulation test device including the simulation experiment system of deep-sea, for bathyscaphe and equipment preparation provide ultra-high voltage environment analogue test platform and technical support reliably, promote the development of bathyscaphe technology and deep-sea equipment preparation.
In the ultrahigh pressure analoging detecting device of deep-sea, pressure measuring cylinder is the key equipment of one of them.Frequently open the ultrahigh pressure (more than 60MPa) of capping, large opening (diameter is more than 1.5 meters) pressure measuring cylinder for needs, in prior art, adopt the mode of rotary screw to carry out mounting or dismounting and the locking of shearing-resistance blocks.In mounting or dismounting shearing-resistance blocks process, screw mandrel need to be by manually rotating, and labor intensity is large, expends man-hour long; In pressure measuring cylinder working procedure, make screw mandrel produce distortion, bending or compressive strain, cause screw mandrel cisco unity malfunction, can only be destroyed and also more renew screw mandrel; For the pressure measuring cylinder (more than 60MPa, diameter is more than 1.5 meters) with ultrahigh pressure, large opening, screw mandrel intensity and manually can not meet shearing-resistance blocks mounting or dismounting and locking requirement.For fear of above-mentioned phenomenon, at present, for ease of sealing, adopt shearing-resistance blocks sealing locking structure.After capping and pressure measuring cylinder are locked by shearing-resistance blocks, just form a confined space that can bear ultrahigh pressure, and single shearing-resistance blocks weight reaches 1.7 tons, and can be subjected to displacement in working order, therefore need to design automatic mounting or dismounting and the locking of special winding machine shearing-resistance blocks.
Summary of the invention
The applicant is for adopting manual operation trouble in above-mentioned existing production technology; the shortcomings such as labor intensity is large; a kind of the environment simulator shearing-resistance blocks handling of ultrahigh pressure major diameter deep-sea and locking mechanism rational in infrastructure are provided; thereby automatic mounting or dismounting and the locking of shearing-resistance blocks are realized; avoid manual operation and the frequent problem of changing of locking device of large intensity in prior art, increased work efficiency.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is as follows:
The environment simulator shearing-resistance blocks handling of a kind of ultrahigh pressure major diameter deep-sea and locking mechanism, comprise pressure measuring cylinder, described pressure measuring cylinder top is provided with capping, on the inner ring surface on described pressure measuring cylinder top, have cut groove, be positioned in capping shearing-resistance blocks is installed, described shearing-resistance blocks is connected in pressure measuring cylinder and cuts across in grooving; Described shearing-resistance blocks is divided into oblique shearing-resistance blocks and straight shearing-resistance blocks, and described oblique shearing-resistance blocks is installed on capping top with straight shearing-resistance blocks interval, and surrounds one week; Be positioned at capping middle part installation shaft bearing, also comprise oil cylinder seat, on described oil cylinder seat, oil cylinder is installed, described oil cylinder seat is assembled into one by bearing and described bearing support, forms shearing-resistance blocks mounting-and-dismounting device.
Further improvement as technique scheme:
The structure of described shearing-resistance blocks mounting-and-dismounting device is: comprise oil cylinder seat, the surrounding of described oil cylinder seat is provided with oil cylinder by fastening piece respectively, the piston rod part erection joint device of described oil cylinder; Be positioned at oil cylinder seat top and be provided with fixed base, each oil cylinder top is provided with adjustable lever, and oil cylinder top is fixed on by fastening piece in one end of described adjustable lever, and the other end of described adjustable lever is connected on fixed base by fastening piece;
The structure of described piecing devices is: comprise and coordinate the convex surface pressure head of installing with piston rod; Shearing-resistance blocks inner side surface middle part is all provided with the concave surface pressure head coordinating with convex surface pressure head, and the joint of described convex surface pressure head and concave surface pressure head is fastening by snap ring;
The surrounding of described oil cylinder seat is provided with four group oil cylinders by fastening piece respectively;
Described oblique shearing-resistance blocks is respectively arranged with four with straight shearing-resistance blocks;
The mounting structure of described shearing-resistance blocks is: be positioned at capping top and be arranged at intervals with locating flange, the bottom of described shearing-resistance blocks is respectively arranged with the positioning groove that coordinates clamping with locating flange;
The inner side surface middle part of described oblique shearing-resistance blocks is provided with the concave surface pressure head that coordinates butt with convex surface pressure head;
The inner side surface middle part of described straight shearing-resistance blocks is provided with the concave surface pressure head that coordinates butt with convex surface pressure head;
Described capping middle part has tapped hole, and suspension ring are installed in described tapped hole.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is as follows:
(1) the present invention utilizes the packaged handler of a shearing resistance, can load and unload four oblique shearing-resistance blocks simultaneously, and angle of swing can be loaded and unloaded again four straight shearing-resistance blocks simultaneously, flexible and convenient to use.Compared with artificial rotary screw rod of the prior art, the present invention can carry out four shearing-resistance blocks installation or removal at every turn simultaneously, and working efficiency is high.
(2) shearing-resistance blocks mounting-and-dismounting device adopts hydraulic jack as executive component, have simple in structure, compact, location flexibly, the advantages such as simple and convenient are installed, can realize preferably the handling of cutout and the radial slippage of control cutout, avoid frequent in prior art and used the manual operation of the large intensity of bringing and change defect.And the coupling mechanism force of shearing-resistance blocks is adjustable, state is reliable.
(3) the present invention arranges locating flange in capping, in the bottom of shearing-resistance blocks, positioning groove is set, and for limiting the motion track of shearing-resistance blocks, has guaranteed that shearing-resistance blocks passes in and out groove along specified path in assembling and dissembling process.
(4) adopt hydraulic actuation power to realize the translation of shearing-resistance blocks, hydraulic jack maximum pull can conveniently be realized shearing-resistance blocks by the turnover under the stuck state of cylindrical shell cut groove.
(5) between piston rod end and shearing-resistance blocks, adopt snap ring to be connected, connect and throw off flexible and convenient.
(6) between piston rod end and shearing-resistance blocks, adopt sphere-contact, can ensure that both remain good contact and centring property in pressure process.
(7) four oil cylinders are installed on oil cylinder seat, and oil cylinder seat rotates around bearing support, locates convenient, flexible.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of shearing-resistance blocks mounting-and-dismounting device of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the plan view (whole-cutaway view) of shearing-resistance blocks mounting-and-dismounting device of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the plan view (omission pressure measuring cylinder) of Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is structural representation when the first step in operating process of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is structural representation when second step in operating process of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is structural representation when the 3rd step in operating process of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is structural representation when the 4th step in operating process of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is structural representation when the 5th step in operating process of the present invention.
Figure 10 is structural representation when the 6th step in operating process of the present invention.
Figure 11 is structural representation when the 7th step in operating process of the present invention.
Figure 12 is structural representation when the 8th step in operating process of the present invention.
Figure 13 is structural representation when the 9th step in operating process of the present invention.
Figure 14 is structural representation when the tenth step in operating process of the present invention.
Figure 15 is structural representation when 11 step in operating process of the present invention.
Figure 16 is structural representation when 14 step in operating process of the present invention.
Figure 17 is the structural representation of the oblique shearing-resistance blocks of the present invention.
Figure 18 is the structural representation of the straight shearing-resistance blocks of the present invention.
Wherein: 1, pressure measuring cylinder; 2, oblique shearing-resistance blocks; 3, straight shearing-resistance blocks; 4, shearing-resistance blocks mounting-and-dismounting device; 5, capping; 6, concave surface pressure head; 7, snap ring; 8, convex surface pressure head; 9, piston rod; 10, oil cylinder; 11, adjustable lever; 12, suspension ring; 13, fixed base; 14, oil cylinder seat; 15, bearing; 16, bearing support; 17, locating flange; 18, cut groove; 19, positioning groove.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the specific embodiment of the present invention is described.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the environment simulator shearing-resistance blocks handling of ultrahigh pressure major diameter deep-sea and the locking mechanism of the present embodiment, comprise pressure measuring cylinder 1, pressure measuring cylinder 1 top is provided with capping 5, on the inner ring surface on pressure measuring cylinder 1 top, have cut groove 18, be positioned in capping 5 shearing-resistance blocks be installed, when pressure measuring cylinder 1 pressurizes, shearing-resistance blocks be connected in pressure measuring cylinder 1 in the grooving that cuts across 18; Shearing-resistance blocks is divided into oblique shearing-resistance blocks 2 and straight shearing-resistance blocks 3, and tiltedly shearing-resistance blocks 2 is installed on capping 5 tops with straight shearing-resistance blocks 3 intervals, and surrounds one week; Be positioned at capping 5 middle part installation shaft bearings 16, also comprise oil cylinder seat 14, oil cylinder 10 is installed on oil cylinder seat 14, oil cylinder seat 14 is assembled into one by bearing 15 and bearing support 16, forms shearing-resistance blocks mounting-and-dismounting device 4.
As shown in Figure 2, Figure 3 and Figure 4, the structure of shearing-resistance blocks mounting-and-dismounting device 4 is: comprise oil cylinder seat 14, the surrounding of oil cylinder seat 14 is provided with oil cylinder 10 by fastening piece respectively, the piston rod 9 top erection joint devices of oil cylinder 10; Be positioned at oil cylinder seat 14 tops and be provided with fixed base 13, each oil cylinder 10 tops are provided with adjustable lever 11, and oil cylinder 10 tops are fixed on by fastening piece in one end of adjustable lever 11, and the other end of adjustable lever 11 is connected on fixed base 13 by fastening piece.
As shown in Figure 2, the structure of piecing devices is: comprise and coordinate the convex surface pressure head 8 of installing with piston rod 9, shearing-resistance blocks inner side surface middle part is all provided with the concave surface pressure head 6 coordinating with convex surface pressure head 8, and convex surface pressure head 8 is fastening by snap ring 7 with the joint of concave surface pressure head 6.Can ensure that piston rod 9 remains good contacting and centring property in pressure process with shearing-resistance blocks.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the surrounding of oil cylinder seat 14 is provided with four group oil cylinders 10 by fastening piece respectively.Four piston rods 9 of four group oil cylinders 10 are corresponding four oblique shearing-resistance blocks 2 or straight shearing-resistance blocks 3 respectively.
As shown in Figure 1, tiltedly shearing-resistance blocks 2 is respectively arranged with four with straight shearing-resistance blocks 3.Wherein straight shearing-resistance blocks 3 has to oblique shearing-resistance blocks 2 effect of stopping up;
As shown in Fig. 5, Figure 17 and Figure 18, the mounting structure of shearing-resistance blocks is: be positioned at capping 5 tops and be arranged at intervals with locating flange 17, the bottom of shearing-resistance blocks is respectively arranged with the positioning groove 19 that coordinates clamping with locating flange 17.
As shown in figure 17, tiltedly the inner side surface of shearing-resistance blocks 2 middle part is provided with the concave surface pressure head 6 that coordinates butt with convex surface pressure head 8.
As shown in figure 18, the inner side surface of straight shearing-resistance blocks 3 middle part is provided with the concave surface pressure head 6 that coordinates butt with convex surface pressure head 8.
As shown in Figure 5, capping 5 middle parts have tapped hole, and suspension ring 12 are installed in tapped hole, convenient lifting.
In actual using process, complete as follows:
The first step: as shown in Figure 5, four 2 one of oblique shearing-resistance blocks are placed in the capping 5 of pressure measuring cylinder 1 alternately, the positioning groove 19 of four oblique shearing-resistance blocks 2 bottoms is aimed at the locating flange 17 in capping 5; Suspension ring 12 bolts screw in the tapped hole of capping 5 centers of pressure measuring cylinder 1.
Second step: as shown in Figure 6, by crane gear (not shown in FIG.), capping 5, oblique shearing-resistance blocks 2 are hung in pressure measuring cylinder 1, after putting in place, screw out suspension ring 12.
The 3rd step: as shown in Figure 7, by crane gear (not shown in FIG.), shearing-resistance blocks mounting-and-dismounting device 4 is installed, is fixed in the capping 5 of pressure measuring cylinder 1, four oil cylinders 10 are along diametric(al), respectively with four oblique shearing-resistance blocks 2 centerings.
The 4th step: as shown in Figure 8, primer fluid compressing cylinder 10, the piston rod 9 of controlling each oil cylinder 10 stretches out, now the convex surface pressure head 8 of piston rod 9 heads coordinates butt with the concave surface pressure head 6 of oblique shearing-resistance blocks 2, promote four oblique shearing-resistance blocks 2 and enter in cut groove 18, shift onto behind position, oil cylinder 10 stops.
The 5th step: as shown in Figure 9, again start oil cylinder 10, the piston rod 9 of controlling each oil cylinder 10 bounces back, and retracts to the end.
The 6th step: as shown in figure 10, by crane gear (not shown in FIG.), four 3 one of straight shearing-resistance blocks are hung alternately in the capping 5 of pressure measuring cylinder 1, and make straight shearing-resistance blocks 3 positioning groove 19 below aim at the locating flange 17 in capping 5.
The 7th step: as shown in figure 11, by external force, make oil cylinder seat 14 rotate 45 ° around bearing support 16, four oil cylinders 10 are along diametric(al), respectively with four straight shearing-resistance blocks 3 centerings.
The 8th step: as shown in figure 12, primer fluid compressing cylinder 10 again, the piston rod 9 of controlling each oil cylinder 10 stretches out, now the convex surface pressure head 8 of piston rod 9 heads coordinates butt with the concave surface pressure head 6 of straight shearing-resistance blocks 3, promote four straight shearing-resistance blocks 3 and enter in cut groove 18, shift onto behind position, oil cylinder 10 is forced into specified value (determining according to practical application), four straight shearing-resistance blocks 3 are applied to certain thrust, protect and carry until off-test.
The 9th step: as shown in figure 13, after off-test, oil cylinder 10 releases, install snap ring 7, and switch the moving direction of oil cylinder 10, pull four straight shearing-resistance blocks 3 to leave cut groove 18, move behind position oil cylinder 10 stop motions to.
The tenth step: as shown in figure 14, by crane gear (not shown in FIG.), four straight shearing-resistance blocks 3 are hung out to pressure measuring cylinder 1.
The 11 step: as shown in figure 15, by external force, make oil cylinder seat 14 rotate 45 ° around bearing support 16, four oil cylinders 10 along diametric(al) respectively with four oblique shearing-resistance blocks 2 centerings, and install snap ring 7.
The 11 step: oil cylinder 10 starts pulls four oblique shearing-resistance blocks 2 to leave cut groove 18 simultaneously.
The 13 step: dismounting shearing-resistance blocks mounting-and-dismounting device 4, by crane gear (not shown in FIG.), is hung out on pressure measuring cylinder 1.
The 14 step: as shown in figure 16, suspension ring 12 bolts screw in the tapped hole of capping 5 centers of pressure measuring cylinder 1, by crane gear (not shown in FIG.), hangs out the capping of pressure measuring cylinder 15, oblique shearing-resistance blocks 2 in pressure measuring cylinder 1.
A complete procedure of more than installing and removing and locking for the capping 5 of shearing-resistance blocks and pressure measuring cylinder 1.It is convenient to use, and working efficiency is high, and labor strength is low.
More than describing is explanation of the invention, is not the restriction to invention, and limited range of the present invention, referring to claim, within protection scope of the present invention, can be done any type of amendment.

Claims (9)

1. a ultrahigh pressure major diameter deep-sea environment simulator shearing-resistance blocks is loaded and unloaded and locking mechanism, comprise pressure measuring cylinder (1), described pressure measuring cylinder (1) top is provided with capping (5), it is characterized in that: on the inner ring surface on described pressure measuring cylinder (1) top, have cut groove (18), be positioned in capping (5) shearing-resistance blocks is installed, described shearing-resistance blocks is connected in pressure measuring cylinder (1) grooving that cuts across (18); Described shearing-resistance blocks is divided into oblique shearing-resistance blocks (2) and straight shearing-resistance blocks (3), and described oblique shearing-resistance blocks (2) is installed on capping (5) top with straight shearing-resistance blocks (3) interval, and surrounds one week; Be positioned at capping (5) middle part installation shaft bearing (16), also comprise oil cylinder seat (14), oil cylinder (10) is installed on described oil cylinder seat (14), and described oil cylinder seat (14) is assembled into one by bearing (15) and described bearing support (16), forms shearing-resistance blocks mounting-and-dismounting device (4).
2. the handling of ultrahigh pressure major diameter as claimed in claim 1 deep-sea environment simulator shearing-resistance blocks and locking mechanism, it is characterized in that: the structure of described shearing-resistance blocks mounting-and-dismounting device (4) is: comprise oil cylinder seat (14), the surrounding of described oil cylinder seat (14) is provided with oil cylinder (10) by fastening piece respectively, piston rod (9) the top erection joint device of described oil cylinder (10); Be positioned at oil cylinder seat (14) top and be provided with fixed base (13), each oil cylinder (10) top is provided with adjustable lever (11), oil cylinder (10) top is fixed on by fastening piece in one end of described adjustable lever (11), and the other end of described adjustable lever (11) is connected on fixed base (13) by fastening piece.
3. the handling of ultrahigh pressure major diameter as claimed in claim 2 deep-sea environment simulator shearing-resistance blocks and locking mechanism, is characterized in that: the structure of described piecing devices is: comprise and coordinate the convex surface pressure head (8) of installing with piston rod (9); Shearing-resistance blocks inner side surface middle part is all provided with the concave surface pressure head (6) coordinating with convex surface pressure head (8), and described convex surface pressure head (8) is fastening by snap ring (7) with the joint of concave surface pressure head (6).
4. the handling of ultrahigh pressure major diameter as claimed in claim 2 deep-sea environment simulator shearing-resistance blocks and locking mechanism, is characterized in that: the surrounding of described oil cylinder seat (14) is provided with four group oil cylinders (10) by fastening piece respectively.
5. the handling of ultrahigh pressure major diameter as claimed in claim 1 deep-sea environment simulator shearing-resistance blocks and locking mechanism, is characterized in that: described oblique shearing-resistance blocks (2) is respectively arranged with four with straight shearing-resistance blocks (3).
6. the handling of ultrahigh pressure major diameter as claimed in claim 1 deep-sea environment simulator shearing-resistance blocks and locking mechanism; it is characterized in that: the mounting structure of described shearing-resistance blocks is: be positioned at capping (5) top and be arranged at intervals with locating flange (17), the bottom of described shearing-resistance blocks is respectively arranged with the positioning groove (19) that coordinates clamping with locating flange (17).
7. the environment simulator shearing-resistance blocks handling of ultrahigh pressure major diameter deep-sea and the locking mechanism as described in claim 1 or 3, is characterized in that: the inner side surface middle part of described oblique shearing-resistance blocks (2) is provided with the concave surface pressure head (6) that coordinates butt with convex surface pressure head (8).
8. the environment simulator shearing-resistance blocks handling of ultrahigh pressure major diameter deep-sea and the locking mechanism as described in claim 1 or 3, is characterized in that: the inner side surface middle part of described straight shearing-resistance blocks (3) is provided with the concave surface pressure head (6) that coordinates butt with convex surface pressure head (8).
9. the handling of ultrahigh pressure major diameter as claimed in claim 1 deep-sea environment simulator shearing-resistance blocks and locking mechanism, is characterized in that: described capping (5) middle part has tapped hole, and suspension ring (12) are installed in described tapped hole.
CN201410156914.7A 2013-04-26 2014-04-18 The handling of ultrahigh pressure major diameter deep sea environment simulation device shearing-resistance blocks and locking mechanism Active CN103953728B (en)

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CN 201310148077 CN103216616A (en) 2013-04-26 2013-04-26 Assembling, disassembling and locking mechanism for shear-resistance blocks of ultrahigh pressure large diameter deep sea environment simulating device
CN201310148077.9 2013-04-26
CN201410156914.7A CN103953728B (en) 2013-04-26 2014-04-18 The handling of ultrahigh pressure major diameter deep sea environment simulation device shearing-resistance blocks and locking mechanism

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CN201410156914.7A Active CN103953728B (en) 2013-04-26 2014-04-18 The handling of ultrahigh pressure major diameter deep sea environment simulation device shearing-resistance blocks and locking mechanism
CN201410157296.8A CN103926099A (en) 2013-04-26 2014-04-18 Deep sea ultrahigh pressure environmental simulation and detection device

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CN103921099B (en) * 2014-04-10 2016-02-17 中国船舶重工集团公司第七○二研究所 Major diameter deep-sea simulator clip handler
CN105547987A (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-05-04 中国船舶重工集团公司第七二五研究所 Deep sea environment-simulation miniature electrolysis test device
CN105445050B (en) * 2015-12-17 2018-02-09 宁波威瑞泰默赛多相流仪器设备有限公司 A kind of caisson type underwater separator hyperbaric chamber experimental rig and its manufacture method
CN105486528A (en) * 2015-12-23 2016-04-13 浙江大学 Deep sea high pressure environment simulation device capable of reducing requirement for wall thickness and material strength
RU2621779C1 (en) * 2016-06-29 2017-06-07 Федеральное государственное автономное образовательное учреждение высшего образования "Дальневосточный федеральный университет" (ДВФУ) Pressure chamber
CN107059828B (en) * 2017-04-07 2019-06-21 武汉船用机械有限责任公司 A kind of detachable spud leg
CN109186868B (en) * 2018-09-18 2021-03-26 温州众鑫机械科技有限公司 Sealing performance detection device for polar region seabed fishing robot

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